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Full text of "The Japan daily mail"

L IBRAHY 
OF THE 
UNIVER.5 ITY 
Of ILLI NOI5 

059.52 
3W 
v.55 



(The <3%m IjttiiHg JBail: 



A REVIEW 



OF 



JAPANESE COMMERCE, POLITICS, 



LITERATURE AND ART, 



VOL. Lll. 



July to December, 1909, 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2014 



https://archive.org/details/japandailymail5219unse 



•cfw 



INDEX. 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES :— 

A Bank for Manchuria ... 251 

A Belated Record 284 

A Blind Hero 22 

A Blow to Hongkong 443 

Abridged Monroeism 187 

A Chaiacteiistic Subterfuge 501 

A Charge of Photographing within Forbid- 
den Limits ... 72S 

A Curious School 815 

A Curious Question 155 

A Factory Law (" Kojo Hoan ") 67 5 

A Fiscal Question 218 

A Foreign Enthusiast on Buddhism 289 

A Fresh Spanish Success 414 

A German Opinion 785 

Agriculture in Japan 375 

Airship Mystery Solved 201 

Airship Parties in London Society 106 

A Japanese Aeroplane 313 

A Japanese Hank in Manchuria 66 

A Japanese Publicist 613 

A Korean Industrial Association 360 

Alaska and Japan at the Seattle Fair 266 

Alcohol of Liltie Use as Medicine 597 

Alleged Fraud by Landing Agents 726 

Alleged Illegality regarding Ballot Papers... 145 
Alleged Japar.isation of Kamlschalka ... 553 
Amalgamation of Electrical Interests in 

Japan 25 1 

America and China 4 

America and Japan ... 95 — 407 — 472 — 634 

Ameiican Activity in the Far East 345 

Ameiican Asiatic Society and the late 

Prince Ito 608 

Ametica's Ou lying Possessions 217 

America's Philippine Fottune 108 

A Monstrous Sea Turtle . 829 

An " Advanced " Professor 221 

An Aerial " Passage of the Alps." 399 

An Affray between Japanese and Korean 

Coolies at Chemulpo 561 

An Amusing Fraud 413 

An Appreciation 409—745 

An Appreciation of China 36 

An Around the World Party 425 

A New Solution of an Old Problem 384 

A New Bank in Manchuria io 

A New Bowling Machine ic6 

A New Spinning Company 375 

An Excellent Educational Organ 218 

An Expert Opinion on Chinese Railways... 310 

An Extraordinary Telegram 407 

Anglo-German Re'ations 796 

An Imperial Squadron 158 

An Insurrection in Annam ... 445 

An Old Question 477 

Another Account of the Assassination ... 571 

Another Advance in Railroading 1 85 

Another Case of Bribery and Corruption-... 68 

Another Scandal ; 252 

Another Typhoon at Foochow 451 

Anti-Brothel Movement in Osaka 293 

Aoyama Jo Gakuin 68; 

A Paradise in Hakone 199 

A Public-Spirited Letter ... ... 163 

A Question of Exchange 153 

A Railway Question 642 

A Railway through Mongolia 676 

A Reclamation Scheme 347 

A Regrettable Incident in Korea 464 

A Resurrected Scheme 410 

Arithmetical Errors 532 

Arrival of Prince Ito's Remains in Tokyo... 574 

Asama-yama ... 748 

Ascent of the Cameroon Mountain ... ... 234 

A Sensation ,. 568 

A Sensational Paragraph 639 

A Six Months' Fight 692 

" A Slap at Japan " 553 

A Steamer's Terrible Experiences in a 

Typhoon 655 

A Summer Scene at Kamakura 225 

Atlantic Liners and American Mails 178 

A Travelling Military Kitchen 505 

A Tribute to England's Influence on 

Christendom ... 381 

Autograph Letter from the Emperor of 

Korea to Piince Ito ... 6 

A Voice from the Past 441 

A Warm Tribute to a Biitish Admiral ... 561 

A Wonderful Embroidery 98 

A Wonderful Statuette... 310 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES :— 

Banquet at the British Embassy 574 

Banquet to the Officers of the Netherlands 

Squadron 5 11 

Banquet to the Press Association 476 

Baron. Kikuchi 506 

Baron Shibusawa 785 

Baron Takahira 40 — 311 

Bat and Ball 156 

Battleships as Naval Bases 100 

Beans 413 

Bishop Harris 815 

Blackmailers 641 

British Naval Theory again proved false ... 597 
British Play Censor attacked and defended.. ,399 

Burglars in the Settlement 255 

Business Men in Seattle 317 

Business Notes 254—285—314—539 

Calendars 829 

Canada and the Navy 166 

Canton 473 

Chattered Accountants 93 

China and Japan 3 — 93 — 128 — 214 — 

246—278—343—472—636 

China and Russia 312 

China's Coiisti!u:ion 477 

China's Evolution 273 

China's Reasons 280 

China's Reception of the Treaty 307 

Chinese at Dinner in Sydney 139 

Chinese Baiitone will leach his People ... 108 

Chinese Notes 690 

Chinese Notes and News 317—3.7—385—417 

Chinese Opinion 373 

Cholera at Chefoo 316 

Christ Church 653 

Chyonjin 283 

Coal in the East 309 

Colonial Bluejackets in England 272 

Communication With Euiope ... 636 

Communion in the Open Air 621 

Concubinage in Japan 31 1 

Congo Misiule 421 

Cost of Education and Cost of War 18 

"Contradicting Overseers" 829 

Cotton Yarns 69 

Count De Witte 312 

Count Hay- shi's Views ... I > 6 — 279 

Ciicket in England 158 

Crime in Tokyo 782 

Crossing the Ridge between Yari and 

Hadaka 342 

Crown Princess in Yokohama 80 

Cuizon Wyllie's Murderer typical of a 

School of Assassins 202 

Damage by Flood in Tokyo, Yokohama 

and neighbourhood 421 

Debentuies and Debts 251 

Delightful Morality 311 

Democracy and Feudalism ... 156 

Departmental Outlays in the next Budget. 376 

Depression in German Cities 2co 

Destiuclicn of the celebrated Book Store 

of Tokyo 782 

Dinner to the Wisconsin Team 451 

Diplomatic Changes 94 

Direct Export of Silk 678 

Discoveries in Chinese Turkestan 115 

Discretionary Powers of Judges 187 

Disgraceful Incident at Osaka Commercial 

Museum 80 

Divorce , 753 

Domestic Politics 311—476 

S74— 67S-7»4- 7S°— 779— 795— 8n 

Dr. Arthur H. Smith 4 9 

Earthquake Shocks in Yokohama 768 

Economic Transformation of Japan 663 

Editorial Changes in Tokyo 229 

Electric Enterpiise 11 

Electric Lighting in Tokyo 471 

Electric Railways 610 

Emigration 642 

Emigration to Peru 187 

England and the Congo 391 

England in Japanese Eyes ... 483 — 546 — 618 — 

649 — 688 — 721 

England's Roller Skating Fad ... 172 

Englishman at Ciicket :o8 

English Earthquakes 252 

Excavations in Greece 649 

Excursion Trains to Nikko and Boshu ... 23 
Exhibition of Historical Matetial appro- 
priate to the Jubilee , ... 15 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES;— 

Explanations 308 

Explosion in Coal-mine 700 

Explosion in Military Magazine 264 

Exportation of Korean Rice 107 

Factory Conditions in Japan and America.. 218 

Farewell Dinner by Miss Sontag 294 

Farewell Dinner to Mr. R. S. Miller 377 

Fatal Accident on the Whampoa 763 

Fatal Forced Marching 106 

Fatalities on the Railway 356 

Fertilizers 65 

Field-Marshal Lord Kitchener 383 

" Fifty Years of Open Japan " 310 

Finance 187 — 374 

Moods 385 

Floods in S.E. England 663 

Forced Marches 95 

Foieign Capital 184 

Foreign Opinion 216 — 310 

Foreign Opinion and the Chinese Com- 
plication 184 

Foieign Universities in China 108 

Formosa II — 37 — 443 

French Gunboat for the Yangtsze 139 

Fiench Views of the Budget 702 

Frozen Pigs from China 138 

Gambling and Speculation 153 

Garden Party of the Shimotsuke Spinning 

Mill Co. at Oji 717 

Germans and lapanese in Honan 6 

Germany and England 352 — 603 

Geimany and Japan ... ... ... 5 o 

Ghastly Affray in Seoul Piison 324 

Giant Relic of Ancient Roman City 493 

Gives a Million to the Cause of Peace ... 597 

Gold plentiful in Alaska 115 

Grand Secretaiy Chang 377 

Great Hurricane in the West Indies 729 

Great Revivals of Religion 360 

Habutaye 99 

Hawaii 36— 64— 94— 184— 344— 377 

Heat Wave over the British Isles 366 

Higher Wages' Association 157 

Hokkaido and Saghalien 34 

Holland and Japan ,. ... 498 

Hongchou 152 

Hongkong Coinage 763 

How to Dress in a " Heat- Wave " 391 

How we are hoaxed by the Airship 116 

Hsinmintun and Mukden 69 

Hydro-Electiic Power 186 — 643 — 778 

Ii Kamon-no-kami 74 

Imperial Defence 391 

Impressions of the Kaiser 273 

Improvement of the Ryomo Line 395 

Incendiarism at Kobe Law Court 566 

Independent Day 43 

Indian Militaiy Administration 272 

In Memoriam : Chang Chih-Tung 588 

In Memory of Piince Ito 608 

Inter-Imperial Cable Communication ... 108 

International Postage Stamps 7 

Japan and America , 251 

Japan and China 189 

Japan and England 155 

Japan and Europe 479 

Japan and Korea 636 

Japan and Russia , 776 

Japan and Tuikey 443 

Japanese Aeroplanes 131 

lapanese and Ameiican Relations: Com- 
mittee Elected 511 

Japanese and Chinese Relations 182 

Japanese and Russian Physicians 636 

Japanese-British Exhibition 826 

Japanese Colonization 477 

Japanese Emigration 41 

Japanese Emigration to Brazil 675 

Japanese Emigration to South America ... 781 

Japan's Expenses in Korea 415 

Japanese Finance 409 

Japan's Foreign Commerce 539 

Japanese Immigrants in Peiu 535 

Japanese Opinion 308 

" Japan " or " Nippon " 153 

Japan's Best Fiiends 503 

Japan's Finances 36 

Japan's Heraldic Devices 107 

Japan's Position 744 

Journalism in South America 112 

Jubilee Fund 106 

Judiciary Administration of Korea 172 



it. w»*3L¥HJimB»Ha»*i*apj ttafe japan weekly mail. 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES:— 



Kagoshima 639 

Kamakura ,., 41 

Karuizawa 776 

Kilin 776 

King's Birthday Incident at Shanghai ... 727 

King Edward's Birthday 614 — 726 

Kobe Notes 195 — 263 

Korea in 1909 194 

Korean Administration (35 

L'Abbe Guerin 954 

L' Alliance Francaise 513 



Lands in Russian and Japanese Tenure in 

Manchuiia 38 

Laurence Sterne's Personality 273 

Lieut.-General Yenya 129 

Life-Saving Appliances in case of Fire ... 412 
Lloyd George opens the Campaign of Abuse 835 

Lloyd's Twentieth Centuiy Seiies 49 

Local Debts 33 

Lord Kitchener ...312 — 445—479 — 506— 

53 2 — 575— 5 88 ~ 6 39— 680— 726 

Major-General Hongo 715 

Manchuiia 68— 81 1 

Marquis Katsura on Ito's Assassination ... 573 

Max Nordau's Politeness 70 

Messrs. Sale and Frazar, Ltd 417 

Military 539 

Morality at Osaka 232 

More Boycotts 783 

Mr. Abe 441 

Mr. Balfour and Tariff Reform 525 

Mr. Bryan and the Senate 129 

Mr. Carnegie 605 

Mr. Chirol 39 

Mr. Chirol and Dr. Moriison 6 

Mr. Chirol criticizes British Diplomacy in 

Chinese mattes 241 

Mr. Crane 470—671 

Mr. Dening , 313 

Mr. Fairbanks 340 

Mrs. Harris ... 308 

Mr. Hulbert 31 1 — 606 

Mr. Hulbert and the Assassination of 

Prince Ilo 689 

Mr. Ijuin 383 

Mr. J. H. Gubbins 649 

Mr. Kurachi 571 

Mr. Meredith's Will 201 

Mr. Millard 608-638 

Mr. Mizumachi 68 

Mr. Na Tung and Mr. Ijuin 344 

Mr. O'Brien 536 

Mr. O'Brien sees no War Cloud over Japan. 200 

Mr. Ozaki Yukio 814 

Mr. T. Miyaoka ... 506 

Mr. Tuan Fang 533 

Mr. Usui Gihci 98 

Mr. William G. Howell 249 

Municipal Corruption in Tokyo 750 

Municipal Loans 38 

Murder in Tokyo 677 

Nanking Library 52 

National Debts 36 

National Defence 79 

Naturalization in the United States 815 

Naval Appointments 714 

Newchwang and the projected Railway ... 539 
New Vegetables and Plants discovered in 

China 116 

No East or West in Religion 546 

Not an Illicit Trafficker ico 

Notes fiom China 52 

Niguta , 610 

Nikko 219 

Obnoxious Advertising 1 57 

Obstreperous Suffragists ; Questions in the 



House , 264 

Official Embezzlements in Korea 108 

Opinion in China 307 

Opinion on the Osaka Fire 188 

Opium 713 

Opium in 1 Iawaii 476 

Opium in Shantung 561 

Opium Smoking in China 233 



Oriental Race Pride 183 

Oriental Tobacco Company .., 400 

Orville Wright's Success 525 

Osaka Y. M. C. A. Fiie Relief 195 

Patents and Trade-marks 373 

Pelagic Sealing 712 

Peiu and Oiiental Labour 34 



Pictures of Japan 880 

Political Pailies 35 — 12S — 641 

Politics 414 

Port Arthur 74 — 180 — 814 

Port Arthur and Dairen 677 

Postal Improvements 603 

Postal Information S2 



Pratas Island 33 — 124 — 151 — 444 — 473 

Preaching at Ninety-nine 493 

President Taft and Business Men 377 

President Taft and the Tariff Bill 216 

Piesident Taft at San Francisco ,, 474 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES :— 

President Taft's Message 750 

Prince Ito 98 — 123 — 185 — 473 — 500—536—611 

Piince Ito and the Treaty Powers 573 

Prince Ito at Muroran 247 

Piince Tsai Cheng 35 

Problems between China and Japan 278 

Prorogation of Parliament 837 

Protestants and Roman Catholics 533 

Provincial Assemblies in China 747 

" Punch" on the Woik of the Lords 826 

Putting out Fires 233 

Queen Victoria's Head on Federal Stamps. 114 

Race Clubs 415 

Railway Accidents 106 — 390 — 827 

Railway Improvement and Extension ... 377 

Railway Project 339 

Railways in China ; an Explanation 479 

Railways in Korea 279 

Railways in Manchuria 35 — 408 — 440 

Railway Questions in China 671 

Rare Books 504 

Raw Silk Theft in Yokohama 655 

Reason for Lowering the Bank Rate 229 

Reception of the Japanese Business-men at 

Spokane, Wash 452 

Remaikable Hotel Festival 114 

Renewal of Leases 830 

Rents in the Shanghai French Concession 107 

Reorganisation 152 

Reorganization of the Chinese Navy 265 

Resuming of the Chinese-Iapanese Nego- 
tiations 125 

Reuter and the 'Japan Chronicle " 679 

Reuter's Service 376 — 640 

Revised Freight for Hokkaido Coal 234 

Rice 340 

Road-making in Japan 414 

Rumours 571 

Russia and Japan 249 — 339 — 571 

Russia in the Amur Province 446 

Russian in the Far East 201 

Russian Opinion 441 

Russian Railways 373 

Russian Railways and Railway Guards ... 342 

Russia's Persian Interests 157 

Saghalien 631 

Salt Smuggling 253 

San Francisco 505 

Sartorial Eccentricities 23 

Semi-Centennial Conference 453 

Sending Valuables by Registered Post ... 141 

Serious Loss to Nagasaki 47 

Shinto Shtines 52 

Siberian Putter Expoits 74 

Sicawei Observatory 615 

Socialism in Japan 95 — 15? 

Some American Journals 780 

Soy 605 

Spain's Trouble in Morocco 272 

Special Rates for Mail Matter 514 

State Securities 343 

Storms off the Southern Coasts 200 

Subsidizing of the Ameiican Mercantile 

Marine 445 

Subsidies to Steamship Services 415 

Sugar 6-95—130 

Table of serious Railway Accidents 859 

Taking Risks 157 

Tansan 135 

Taxation 813 

Terrestrial Distbibance at Unzen 253 

" Tess " as an Opera 273 

Thanksgiving Day 692 

The Aeiial Battleship 198 

The Age for a Lawn Tennis Champion ... 199 

The alleged Ameiican Piotest 443 — 532 

The alleged Tiealy with Tuikey 342 

The Amalgamation Movement 808 

The Ameiican in England 294 

The Anglo-Japanese Exhibition 445 — 674 

The Anglo-Japanese Hydro-Electric Power 
Company ... 98 — 158 — 340—414 — 444 — 749 

The Anglo-Siamese Treaty 130 

The Antung-Mukden Railway 250 

The Ari-san Question , 782 

The Assassination of Piince I10 530 — 572 — 

602— 637— 672— 777— S07— Si 3 

The Assassin of Prince Ito 745 

I he Attack on Lieut. Beljairs 24 

The Australian Coal Stiike 725 

The Autumn Mamuuvres 411 — 606 

The Rank of England 503 — 556 

The Bank of Japan 1S8 — 642 

The Hank Rate of Inteiest 711 

The Banisters and the Criminal Code ... 7S1 

The Birthday Ball 539 

The Birthday Party at the Biitish Embassy 640 

The Boyeki Kyokai 506 

The Bomb-thiowing in Peking 70 

The Boycott 33S— 370 — 411 — 439 — 

477—539 

The British Navy 731 

The Budget ...504 — 810 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES:— 

The Budgetary Figures 813 

The Budget for next Year 125 

The Business-men of Japan 714 

The Bye-Elections 145 

The Canadian Tiade Commissioner ...452 — 472 

The Capital of Korea 172 

The Capitulations in Turkey 286 

The Central Bank of Korea ... 218 — 246 — 

287—312 

The Central Bank of Manchuria ...339 — 409 

The Chartered Bank 392 

The Chilian Nitrate Trade 781 

The China and Japan Development Com- 
pany 92 

The China Association Dinner 724 

The " China Tribune " on Manchuria ... 183 

The Chinese Army and Navy 65 

The Chinese. Compradore of the Specie 

Bank 538 

The Chinese Constitution 156 

The Chinese Government and British 

Mining Concessions ;.. 464 

The Chinese Loan Question 128 

The Chinese Loans 108 

The Chinese Navy 504 — 710 

The Chinese Railway Loan Question ... 234 
The Chinese Students in Japan and the 
Work of the Chinese Young Men's Clnis- 

tian Association 50 

The Chinese Stu 'ents in Tokyo 117 — 183 

The Christian Movement in Japan 344 

The Choya Keizai Kenkyu-kai 7 

The Chrysanthemum Garden I arty 673 

The City Impiovements Scandal 780 

The Commercial Code 9 676 

The Commercial Mission to America. ..481 — 

543—623-653-985—726—812 

The Ccmpressol Company 251 

The Condition of Wei-Hai-Wei 400 

The Control of Company Directors 505 

The Cook Controversy 781 

The Cotton Spinners 478 

The Cotton Spinning Companies 446 

The Cox Mission 10 

The Crane Incident 499 

The Ciicket Ground : a Japanese Opinion... 61.8 
The Ciicket Ground Question ... 78 — 247 — 

284—4 1 3—607—7 1 2— 7 5 1 —78 1 —829 

The Ciiiical Days 345 

The Current y of Manchuria 745 

The Dai Nippon Sugar Company ...186 — 

345-376— 412— 7C9 

The Death of the British Budget 835 

The Delegation of Business Men to the 

United States 219 

The Demise of the " Fuso " 41 1 

The Departed Business Men 255 

The Department of Communications ... 125 

The Diet 605— 67S— 814 

The Discoveiy at Peshawur 131 

The Dutch Squadron 53S 

The Earthquake of the 141I1 August ...220 — 265 
The East Asia Development Company ... 129 

The East Asia Kogyo Kaisha 185 

The Examination in Japanese 751 

The Fakumen Railway Question 66 

The Fener Incident in the British Parliament 621 

The Financial Leaven in Politics 185 

1 he Fighting in Motocco 525 

The Finest Flight 623 

The Firing on the " Woodburn " 107 

The Foreign Office and the Strike in Hawaii 94 

The French National Holiday 80 

The Kukuoka Colliery Disaster 728 

The Future of Missionary Woik in Japan... 614 

The Genius of Discovery 414 

The Greek Chinch 92 

The Guarding of the Mukden- Anlung Road 475 

The Guildhall Banquet 724 

> The Gun of the Future 201 

The Gutting of t 1 e " Lucania " 325 

The Harbin Incident 477 

The Harvests 218 

The Hawaii Stiike 259 

The High Commercial College 9 

The Hoden Oil Company 151 — 609 — 635 — 783 

The Hongkong and Shanghai Bank 70 

The Hongwanji Sale 39 

The House of Peers 69 

The Hudson River Celebration 410 

The Hupeh Provincial Assembly 603 

The Hydro-Electric Power Company. 39 — 66 

The Illinois Lynching Outrage 729 

The Imperial and Metropole Hotels 37 

The Imperial Birthday 5?.8 

The Impei ul Life Insurance Company ... 414 

The Imperial Piess Conference 71 

The " Inazuma " Sio 

The Infantry Drill Book 712 

The Injury done to British Industries by 

Free Trade 366 

The Inshore Fisheries - 32S 

The Indigents in Korea 605 



INDEX. 



«fft*3L¥H^waj|HaaiB«n8i.j lit. 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES :— 

The International Press Association of Japan 499 
The International Press Association and 

Prince Iio 569 

The Japanese Army 35 

The Japanese Business Men. ..371 — 445 — 4 ' 3 — 

586—690 

The Japanese Business Men of Manchuria.. 312 
The Japanese Contractors' Syndicate ... 8 

The Japanese Emigrants to Peru 444 

The Japanese in Hawaii 431 

The Japanese in Manchuria 504 

The Japanese Navy 250—641 

The Japanese Police 441 

The Japanese Press 283 

The Japan Industrial Bank 173 

The Japan Trade Association 711 

The Jitsugyo Shinko-kai 130 — 150 

The Jurisdiction Question in Chientao ... 345 

The Kagoshima Railway 680 

The Kaiser 37 

The Katsuragawa Hydro-Electric Company 

569 — 610 

The Kei-hin Railway 38 — 1 1 

The Kiel Dockyard Scandal 728 

The Kilin-Changchun Railway 126 — 152 

— 251 — 281 

The Kilin-Gcnsan Railway ... 282 

1 he Kilin-Hoiryong Railway 341 

The Kinchow-Tsitsihar Railway 498 — 533 

The Kinu-Gawa Hydro-Electric Scheme.. .377 — 

478—713 

The Korean Insurgents 635 

The Koiean-Japanese Gas Company ... 9} 
The Kyori Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha ... 70 

The Kyoto Seifu Kaislia 814 

The Land Tax 673—778—812 

The Last Moments of Prince Ito 571 

The Late Prince Ito's Mission 645 

The Latest News from Hawaii 677 

The Latest Sensation in the United States... 709 

The Liberal Revolt 623 

The Marine Products Compmy... 9 — 409 — 575 

The Memorandum 126 

The Mining and Guards Question in 

Manchuria 750 

The Minister of Agriculture and Commerce 

in Osaka 714 

The Minister of Finance at Osaka 749 

The Mitsui Family 439 — 471 

The Mitsui Firm 347 

The Moderates in Korea 635 

The Modest Onion 97 

The most-divorced Woman in the Woild... 353 
The Mukden-Antung Railway... 2—125 — 
182—309—341—376—537—745—779-8 9 

" The National Review " 479 

The Naval Mutiny in Greece 663 

The Naval Peril 209 

The Navy 219 — 282 — 505 

The Negotiations in Peking 247 — 306 

The New American Minister to China ... 113 
The New Chinese Representative in 

Washington 671 

The New Field Exercise Book 809 

The New Field for Heroism 187 

The New Houses of Diet 6—33 

The New Movement in Korea ... ... ... 493 

The New Penal Code 606 

The New Spanish Navy 273 

The New Tariff 98—782 

The New Tokyo Club 814 

The New Treaty 321 

The Nippon Denki Telsudo 446 

The Nippon Seifu Company 688—722 

The Nippon Yusen Kaisha...34 — 199 — 642 — 

378—609—713 

The " Novoe Vremya " 610 

The Object Lesson of Tokyo 79 

The Oriental Hotel 250 

" The Overland Monthly " 361 

The Pacific Mail Boycott 107 

The Passion Play at Oberammergau 324 

The Penhsihu Discussion 716 

The Policeman's Sword 200 

The Political Situation in Korea 796 

The Port Arthur Monument 707 

The Portola Celebration 517 

The Postal Question 97 

The Present Condition of the Korean Gov- 
ernment , 689 

The Prince of Wales 82 

The Privy Purse 776 

The Programme of the Semi-Cenlennial 

Christian Conference 4^0 

The Progressists 505 

The Progressists and Korea 815 

The Progressists and the New Agreement... 339 

The Provincial Assemblies in China 635 

The Question of a Central Bank in Man- 
churia 716 

The Question of Hydro-Electric Power ... 413 
The Question of Railways in Manchuria ... 150 
The Questions between China and Japan.,. 68 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES :— 

The Queue 

The Railway Board 

The Railway Frontier 

The Railway Loan Question 
The Railway Purchase Loan 
The Railway Question in China... 

The Railways in Japan 

The Rate of Interest 

The Recall of Mr. Cloud 

The Recent Eruption of Asama ... 



. ... 504 

. ... 38 

• - 313 
. ... 96 
. ... 70 
•343—471 
. ... 250 

• ». 779 
. ... 749 
. ... 789 

The Reduction of Interest of the Bank of 

Jipan 217 

The Reign of Mediocrity 186 

The Remaining Problems 281 

The Resident-General 637 

The Resignation of Viscount Suyematsu ... 637 

The Rev. A. R. Fuller 721 

The Rev. Doctor Lloyd on Buddhism ... 219 

The Rice Crop 445 

The Rice Exchange 643 

The Royal Commiss'on on Divorce 654 

The Russian Minister of Finance 574 

The Russian Tourists ... 69 

The Seikosho 28 — 642 

The " Seiyu-kai " 376 

The " Seiyu-kai's " Anniversary 345 

The Semi-Centennial of Protestant Chris- 
tianity in Japan 387 

The Shizuoka Police 38 

The Significance of a Tokyo Crowd 615 

The Sinking of *' La Seyne " 730 

The Situation in the Far East 182 

The South Minchuria Kailway 608 — 709 — 778 

The Soy Company 642 — 776 

The Spinning Companies 505 

The Spithead Review 135 

The St. Andrew's Hall 717 

The Statue of Ii Kamon-no-Kami 10 

The S S. " Minnesota " 18 

The Stock Exchange ., .. 129 

The Storm at Foochow 409 

The Stranding of a Japanese Steamer in 

the Whampoa 465 

The Strike in Hawaii 7 — 123 

The Student Question 234 

The Successful Cross-Channel Flight ... 325 

The Sugar Case at Osaka 131 

The Sugar Company ... 155 — 444—503—539 

The Sugar Scandal 37 — 16 — 217 

The Szchuan Railway 781 

The Tank > Iron Foundry 409 

The Tanko S.S. Company 31 — 445 — 7C9 

The Taxation of Earnings 34 

The Tokyo Press and the Assassination ... 605 
The Three Electric Apparatus Companies.. 153 

The To-A Kogyo Kaisha 22 1 

The To-a Koyo Kaislia 253 

The Tojo Railway 413 

The Tokyo Ciicular Railway 343 

The Tokyo Electric Light Company. ..39 — 

252—505—678 

The Tokyo Exhibition 96 — 378 

The Tokyo Music School 44; 

The Tokyo-Narita Electric Railway 39 

'1 he Tokyo " Nichi Nichi " Book Club ... 284 

The Tokyo Railway Company 341 

The Tokyo Rice Exchange 4 1 1 — 

442-475— «8 

The Tokyo Share Market 907 

The Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 158 — 188 — 410 — 747 

The Trnlfic in Women in China 115 

The Trouble in the Rice Market 378 

The Truth about Pratas Island 241 

The Tsocheng Affair 38 

The Tungkwang-shan Problem 3 

The Typhoon at Hongkong 618 

The " Unagi-kai " 711 

The Vanished Leon Ling 108 

The Vastness of Australia 770 

The Viceroyalty of Manchuria 283 

The Visit of the Russian Minister of Finance 

to the Far East 503 

The Waiwupu 251; 

The Weary Question ... .. 128 

The Weaveis 11 

The Weaving Industry ., ... 678 

The Wonders of Dentistry 18 

The Worship of Literalism 157 

The Wright Brothers 250 

The Yalu Disturbance 5 

The Yalu Lumber Company 187 

The Yalu Lumber Trouble ...39—68 — 95— 

123— 3' 3 

The Yamate Electric Railway 281 — 677 

The Yamanote Railway 783 

The Yangtsz 65 

The Yokohama Commercial School 649 

The Yokohama-Hachioji Railway 745 

The Yokohama Loan 13 

The Yukon Exhibition 64t 

" The 5th of September " 312 

Thunderstorm in Tokyo 293 

Tibet 747 



MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES:— 

Tokyo 348 

Tokyo Finance 338 

Tokyo Foreign Children's School 353 

Tokyo Municipal Affaiis 810 

Tokyo Notes 644 — 678—715 — 750 — 784 

To Manage the "Imperial" 145 

To Prince Ito 586 

Training the Chinese Army 200 

Transit Tax 413 

Treaty Revision 470 

T>ian Fang 676 

Tuikey and Japan 471 

Twentieth Century Morality 316 

" United States of America " 314 

Unwomanly Women ... 575 

Vancouver and Seattle 18 

Veisions 313 

Victory for Aeroplanes 524 

Viscount Sone 131 — 279—411 

Viscount SuyemaUu 673 

Vladivostock 8 — 377 — 538—614 

Volunteers 505 

What is Colour Blindness ? 80 

Where Game is Plentiful 517 

Why not the Band ere now ? 163 

" Wild and Whirlwind " Writing 199 

Will Adams „ 531; 

Wireless Telegraphy 677 — 751 — 816 

Wireless Telegraphy between Hawaii and 

Japan 535 

Woik on the Panama Canal 188 

Y. M. C. A. Woik among the Korean 

Students in Japan 141 

Y. M. C A. Conference at Aoyama 136 

Yokohama on the Occasion of Prince Ito's 

Obsequies 623 

Yokohama's Jubilee 23— 39 — 44 

Yokohama to improve Fiie Brigade Equip- 
ment 189 

Young Men in the Far East 185 

Young Men's Christian Association Con- 
ference 293 

Yuan Shihk- i 411 

REVIEWS :— 

The Book of Mormon in Japanese 615 

A Chinese-English Dictionaiy 223 

A Hisloiy of Christianity in Japan ...295 — 507 
America and the Far Eastern Question ... 100 

Annotated Civil Code 71 — 648 

Ann Veronica 481 

A Secretary of Legation 647 

A Useful Book 349 

A Village Temptress 385 

As Others See Us: a Study of I rogress in 

the United States 166 

Couit Life in China : its Officials and People. 757 
Five Years' Statistics of Japanese Banks 

and Companies, 1904 to 1908 757 

Foreign Judgments and Jurisdiction 647 

Gervase 316 

In Togo's Country 136 

Japanese Education 222 

Japanese Laws concerning Patents, Trade- 
marks, etc 100 

Mairiage Customs in Japan 53 

Midsummer Madness 481 

Old as tht World 384 

Priscilla of the Good Intent : a Romance 

of the Grey Fells 384 

Problems and Perils of Socialism : Lelteis 

to a Working Man 76a 

Rcglement sur le Service en Campagne 

Japonais 43 

Sir Robeit Hart 14 

Syrinx 316 

The Cage ) 89 

The " Kokka " 252 — 349—480 — 757 

The Liberty of Love 316 

The Magnet 98 

The Music and Musical Instruments of 

Japan 416 

The Passing of the Great Fleet 222 

The Pools of Silence 480 

The White Sister 189 

Warriors of Old Japan 790 



REPORTS :— 
Canton Insurance Office ... 

Golfing Association 

H. & S. Banking Corporation 
Langfeldt & Co., Limited ... 

Nippon Race Club 

Osaka Shosen Kaisha ... 
The Industrial Bank of Japan 
The O. S. K.'s Accounts 
The Report of the Java-Japan Line 



... 5 '6 
... 7 6t 
... 297 
... 204 
... 796 
... 78 
... 204 
... 78 
... 167 

The Union Estate and Investment Com- 
pany, Limited 655 

Yokohama Amateur Dramatic Society ... '4° 

Yokohama Charity Organization 7 2 6 

Yokohama Cricket and Athletic Club ... 106 
Yokohama Yacht Club 830 



IV. 9!»tt2¥3jlltB*2aiBffi&Siij THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



LEADING ARTICLES :— 

" Abusing Plaintiff's Attorney " 

A Civic Consciousness 

A Contrast 

" Advocatus " and "One of the Com 
ni unity " • 

A Dying Liberalism 

A Japanese °bject Lesson 

America and Japan 

American Relief for Osaka... 

An Accuser of the Japanese Nation 

A Needed Corrective 

A New Theory of Intermittent Volcanic 
Action 

An Important Resolution 

A Patriotic Newspaper 

A Protest 

Asama 

Bieakers Ahead 

Rucks without Straw 

British Military Defence 

China 

China and Japan 

Clearing the Field 

Concubinage in Japan 

Contempt and Browbeating 

Controveisial Methods 

Demagogy and the Budget Crisis 

Divorce and the Boor 

East and West .. 

England and Germany 

England and the Geiman Fleet 

Friendship 

Germany and England 

Government Competition 

Governmental Interference 

"Grundstuck " 43 

Gullibility 

Hospitality and Taxation 

Ill-considered Legislation 

Incitement to Outrage ... 

Irreligion in American Colleges 

Japan and Koiea 

Japan and Russia ; 

Japan's Idea of Imperialism 

Journalistic Outrages 

King Leopold II 

Korea and the Philippines 

Linking up the Empire "... 

Looking Ahead 

Lord Rosebery — The Deus ex Machina. ?... 

Modern Expositions 

Motors and Roads •. 

Naval Cassandras... 

No Mandate ... ... ... ... 

One Law for me 

Platform Waifare 

Polar Exploration 

Prince Ito 

Quo Vadis ? — An Encjuiiy into the Trend of 
American Law 

Russi m Opinion 

Seeds of Stiife 

Social 'Degradation ... ... ' 

Sound Financing of Joint-Stock Companies 

Strength for Good Ends 

Tariff Revision 

The Aeiial Battleship 

The Aeroplane 

The " Altiurian " 

The American Tariff Situation 

The Ameiican Tariff Sliuggle 

The Antung-Mukden Railway 

The Budget — Below the Surface 

The Budget — Its Significance and its Re- 
ception 

The Business Depression 

The Canadian Trade Commissioner 

The Chinese Navy 

The Complementary Note 

The Conga Honor 

Th e Cricket 'Ground 612— 

The Depression 

The Divided Philippine Question 

'I he Ethics of Ciiticism 

The Evolution and Influence of the Dread- 
nought Type 

The Kale of the Cticket Ground 

The Fate of the Two-Power Standard 

The Five Pictures of Congo History 

The Home Rule Spectre ... 

The Imperial Piess Conference and the 
Ouesiion of Imperial Defence 

The Indian Peril 

The Keeping of an Empire 

The Kinchow-Tsitsihar Railway 

The Late Chang Chih-Tung 

The Latest Complaint about Majichuria ... 

The Lie as a Political Weapon 

The Limitation of Armaments— Is it a 
Dieam ? ' 

The Lords and their Clitics 

The Monroe Doctrine and its Maintenance 

The New Alignment of American Patties... 



786 
'3 2 
42 

789 
576 
190 
419 
193 
412 
1C2 

7*7 
482 
289 
'93 
3*9 
226 

319 

684 
258 

•93 
612 

352 
229 
224 
418 
288 
190 
380 
448 
508 
35o 
786 
754 
-73 
719 
684 

'3 

576 

'S9 
132 
103 

226 

543 

8 8 

133 
380 
256 
35i 
L33 
103 
3S2 

7'9 
787 
788 
320 
54' 

2 57 
321 
'34 
681 

74 
3>8 

133 
224 
22; 
542 
102 
'59 
2S7 
42 

1 2 

819 

449 
289 
12 

35° 
■682 
786 
■59 
818 

72 
256 
101 
756 
820 

101 

227 
754 
50S 

449 
718 
7i8 



/■* 

755 
161 
162 



LEADING ARTICLES :- 

The Political Situation in England 

The President's Triumph 

The Progiess of Tariff Reform 

The Real " White Man's Burden " ... 

The Settlement 

The Shadow of a Crisis 

The Sin of Female Suffrage 

The. Size of Warships 

The Spiead of Materialism in America 
'1 he Study of the Japanese Language 

Yokohama 

The Thames Naval Review 

The Uphill Fight of Peace 

Thinking Impeiially 

Trial by Jury 

Vandalism in Japan 

Western Ignorance of the Oiknl 
White-headed Canards 

OBITUARY :— 

Count Arco-Valley 

Death of Mr. Arai Ikunosuke 

Death of Captain of the !' Minnesota " 

Death of a Foreign Resident 

Death of a Former Foreign Resident 
Death of a Former Kobe Resident ... 

Death of an Aeionaut 

Death of Dr. A. A. Bennett 

Death of Genera! Viscount Ogawa ... 

Death of M. Albert Chaix 

Death of Miss L. Abbey 

Death of Mr. Ando Sokumei 

Death of Mr. J. E. Holmes 

Death of Mr. J. Lee Thompson 

Death of Mr. R. Hay 

Death of Mrs. H. A, Poole 

Death of Mr. Sasaki 

Death of Mr. T. D McKay 

Death of Professor Mitsukuii Kakichi 

Death of Siamese Prince 

Death of Vice-Admiral Baron Arima... 
Funeral of Sir H. Cuizon Wyllie 
Funeral of the late Mr. E.. H. G II ... 

Funeral Rites of Count Fulaara 

'I he Late Bishop Seth Ward 

The Late Prince Ito , 

The Late Professor Fenollosa 

The Obsequies of Piince Ito 

Vice-Admiral Arai , 



... 450 

... 160 

... 646 

... 194 

... 288 

... 683 

... 191 

... 646 

... 225 
in 

... 756 

... 228 

... 482 

... 13 

... 819 

... 508 

... 161 

... 381 



92 
97 
74 
701 

716 

727 
464 

474 
500 

3 3 
266 

673 
447 
727 

97 

'357 

22( 



325 



- 375 

— 374 
... 378 
... 75' 
... 178 
... 654 
... 272 
... 423 
... 569 
... 283 
... 570 
... 749 



SPORTING : — 

An " All Japan " Shooting 
Athletic Spoils of the 

University 

Autumn Regatta 

Baseball 14- 

233— 3 6 °— 414— 456- 
Crickel 49—79- 

327—357—393—425- 

English Cricket 

Football 

Football and Tennis ... 

Golfing at Kobe 

Gymkhana 

Hockey 

Interpol! Golf 

Interpol l Golf at Rokko 

Inteipoit Tennis 

K.C.C 



Match ...235 — 392 
Tokyo Imperial 

655 

, 5'4 

-105—167 — 195— 
-486 — 511— 548— S29 
-139— 170-199— 
-456—514—549-728 

328 

79'— 827 

753 

546 

52 

82S 

387 

425 

5<6 

645 



•5S7- 



Kobe Sailing Club 

Nippon Race Club 

N.R.C. Golfing Association 

Tennis 

The Fourth Test Match 
Yachting ... 18—49—80 — 105 
261— 294— 32s— 387— 42 1 
Yokohama Rowing Club's Aquatic Contests 295 
Yokohama Yacht Club's 109 miles Ocean 



295 
622 

736 
464 

172 

'45-233— 
451—486-517 



Race 

ENTERTAINMENTS:— 

" Beauty and the Beast" 

■' Dispaiu " in Tokyo 

L Alliance Franchise 

Miss Orth's Conceit 

Mr. Hargreaves' Conceit 

Oratorio at the Union Chinch 

St. Joseph's College ., 

The Bandmann Opera Co 

The Chinese Y. M. C. A 

The Dooi-Leblanc Enleitainmcnt 
The Gymkhana at Kamakura ... 
The Perambulating Pierrots 
Tokyo Literary and Musical Society 

" The Tyranny of Tears " 

The Withers Conceit Company 

Yokohama Ciicus 

Yokohama Literary and Musical Society .. 

— 4S 1 — 5 1 6—577—726-794 

TRANSLATIONS : — 

Jizen-kai Hospital, Negishi 

Loid li Naosuke 



''67—233 



827 

7'4 
691 
5S8 

79' 
727 

52 
136 
'4 

J64 
"94 
232 
654 
628 
456 
265 

390 
825 



29- 



41- 



fioin the 



546 
136 



• '74- 
.236- 



.625 — 



CORRESPONDENCE: 

A Comment 

A Disclaimer 

A Disclaimer from Dr. Morrison 

Admiial Lambton and the Naval Agitation 

An Acknowledgement 

An Early Japanese Quotation 

Bible 

An Explanation 

A Hawker of Obscenity ... 
Anglo-Geiman Relations ... 
An Omission in doing Honoius 
A Request of Dr. N. Ariga.,. . 
A Warning to Housekeepers 

Bearing False Witness 

Billions or Thousand Millions ?, 
Buddhism and Christianity... , 
Chaige again -t prominent Japanese P.iper.. 
Christianity in Korea and the Assassination 

Chiistian Unity 

Christmas Cheer for 20,000 Factory Giils 

Complaint against the Railway 

Concubinage in Japan 

Destruction of Maple-Trees 

" Disaffected Russian Soldiers." 

Dr. Cook's Achievement 

Educational Establishments in Yokohama 

England in Egypt 

" Glass Houses etc 

llindrai ces to the Gospel in Japan 

Hsimuiniun and Mukden 

Hypnotism 

Ineligion in Ameiican Colleges 

Japan and America 

Japanese Aeroplanes 

Japan's Alleged Unpopularity ... ... 

L'Abbe Guerin 

Looking Ahead 

Mr. Berry's False Statement 

Mr. Dening and Mr. Beny 

Mr. Dening and the Odious Comparison... 

Mr. Shackleton 

Mr. R. J. Campbell's Theology 

Modern Journalism 

Nationalized Railway Bonds 

" Old Subscriber's " Protest 

Orthodox and Anglican 

Prince Ito's Assassin , 

Repoited New Invention of Gearing 

Renter's Telegrams 

Sane Criticism ... 

Serious Complaint against Siberian Railway 
Taxation Income deiivrd from Foreign 

Sources 

The Budget — Its Significance and its 

Reception .... 

The Congo Atrocities 

The Congo Question 328— 

The Corner Stone of the Christian Creed... 

The Cricket Ground 625—656- 

The Ciicket Ground and the Question of 

the Protest 

The Depiession in Trade 

The Emperor's Cup 

The Gieek Chinch and the " Hochi " 

The Gentle Ait of Dog-killing 

The Late Dr. Sakawa 

The Late Piince Ito 

The Late Piince Ito — .1 Lament 

The Law of Libel in Japan 

The Lease of the Ciicket Ground 

The Legal Aspect of Concubinage in Japan 

The Monthly Religious Summaiies 

The Nakamura District 

The New Factory Code 

The Oriental Compressol Company 

The Protestant Convention 

The Religious Press Summaiies... 
'Die Right of the Public versus Dogs 
The Royal Alfred Aged Mei chant Seamen' 

Institution 

The Sunday Enteitaininent at the Roman 

Catholic School 

The " Vossische Zeiiung " and Fianco* 

English Relations 

" United States of America " ,.. 

Will Adams' Grave 

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS;— 

Academic Cliquism and Exclusiveness in 

Japanese Officialdom 

A Trip to Chiba 

Flogging in Indian Piisons 

In Reply to " Wanted'' 

Kagoshima : Is it worth Visiting ? 

KoUe Notes 

The Siberian Trip 

The Hindrances which Religious Thought 

in Japan piesents to the Acceptance of 

the Gospel 

To Toku-no-shima and all around it 

The United Slates and China 

Wanted 

What a Heathen Japanese thinks of 

piesent-day Christianity 



•5'7- 



'45 

268 
'9 
'9 

626 

Il6 

626 
203 
393 
53 
656 

73' 
203 
267 
54 
555 
656 
592 

83' 

763 

329 
5'7 
656 
328 
'9 
5'7 
394 
296 
116 
796 
"74 
5'7 
'45 
296 
656 
328 
203 
267 

53 
656 
656 
296 
82 
203 
556 
>92 

488 
693 

797 
625 

555 

54 

32S 

329 
«3' 
693 

693 
83' 
592 
296 

394 
82 

S56 
592 
625 
297 
427 
53 
693 
73' 
26S 

555 
73« 
426 

731 
'9 

116 

329 
763 



46 
S17 
235 
231 
762 

47 
75 



260 
583 
81 
189 

824 



INDEX. 



MEETINGS :— 

British Association of Japan ..,697 

Grand Hotel, Ltd 167 

Messrs. Langfeldt & Co., Ltd 232 

Nippon Race Club 828 

N. R. C. Golfing Association 76r 

Presbyterian Mission Meeting 195 

St. Andrew's Society 486 

The Asiatic Society of Japan 547 — 722 

The Bankers' Meeting 346 

The Chapman-Alexander Mission ...577 — 

623 — 6 1,3 

The Cricket Ground 578—686 

The Far Eastern Public Company, Limited 552 

The Hokkaido Colonisation Bank 233 

The Nik-kan Gas Company 31 

The Tanko Kisen Kaisha 152 

The Yokohama Libiary and Reading 

Rooms 552 

Tokyo Dancing Club ... 415 

Y. C. & A. C 106 

Y. M, C. A. Summer Conference 105 

Yokohama Amateur Dramatic Society ... 140 

Yokohama Charity Organization 726 

Yokohama Engineering and Iion-\Voiks, 

Ltd 140 

Yokohama Specie Bank, Ltd. .. 356 

Yokohama Yacht Club 79; 

LAW COURTS :— 

Action against Shipping Company ...552 — 621 

Action for Divorce ... 795-829 

Claim for Compensation 457 

Dishonest Postal Officials 763 

Loa Chidong v. Helm Bros ... 353 

Photographing within Forbidden Limits ... 728 

The Appenzeller Suit 3 — 18 

The Osaka Slaughter-House Trial 241 

The Preston-" Chronicle" CabC.392 — 420 — 515 

The Sugar Company Case 744 

Trade in Human Bones 78 

POETRY :— 

A Punjab Christmas 826 

" F. C. G." and the Budget 643 

In the Taj Garden ... ... 163 

Spero Meliora 41 

" The Woman with the Serpent's Tongue." 729 

" Yokohama " 15 

WEDDINGS :— 

Marriage in Tokyo 814 

Wedding Bells in Sendai 511 

Weddings in Tokyo 390 — 575 



SUPPLEMENTS :— 

October 16. 
The Semi-Centennial of Protestant Christi- 
anity in Japan I. 

The Influence of Christianity on Civil and 

Religious Liberty V. 

Big Fire at Kyoto VIII. 

A Law Case at Kobe VIII. 

October 23. 

" From Nature to Grace " I. 

Interport Cricket ... II, 

Tokyo Literary and Musical Society IV. 

A Mystery of the Sea IV. 

The Bloody "Fourth " IV. 

December 18. 

The Asiatic Society of Japan I. 

A.dJress by Governor of the Bank of Korea. IV. 

Arrest of a Powei ful Insurgent IV. 

Monthly Summary of the Japanese Re- 
ligious Press V. 

Acting-Consul Cloud's Misrepresentations .. VII 

Fukuzawa's Moral Code VIII. 

The t-ruption of Teneriffe Volcano VIII. 

China 4—32— 

65 — 96— 122— 1 55— 248 — 280 — 344 — 
374-408—438—478—501—535—556— 
573—607—638—670—706—746-777—809 

Korea 5 — 30—62 — 

9c — 127 — 151 — 216 — 249 — 282 — 309 — 
342—372—406-440—474—498—534— 
566—604—634—672—708—742—774—806 

The Tokyo Railway 8—69— 

97—129 — 187—221 — 
283—3 ' 2—37 5—4 ' 2—444—475—502— 
537— 568— 609— 640— 674— 710— 748— 782 

The Tokyo Stock Exchange ... 14 — 41 — 
70— 99-135— 156— 253— 287— 31 >— 
348—378—41 5— 45 '—479— S c 6— 539— 
575-610—642—679—716—752—784—815 

Notes on Current Events 11 — 

40-70—99— 
131— 158 — 188—221 — 253—286 — 315 — 
348— 379— 416— 447— 480— 507 -5 4c— 
575— 611— 643— 679— 716— 752— 785— 816 

Chientao 10—124 — 

1 50 — 1 84— 2 14— 249— 28 1 — 3 1 3 — 407—638 

Japan's Foreign Trade 39 — 

69—94— 1 63— 284— 340— 37 3— 
440—480—571 — 610 — 676—709—779—815 



Monthly Summary ok Japanese Current 
Literature. 1 64 — 354—509—616—698 — 792 

Monthly Summary of Japanese Reli- 
gious Press ... 322—458—543—650—822 

Our St. Petersburg Letter ... 16—48 — 
76 — 1 04 — r 37— 1 69 — 
196 — 230—262 — 291 — 326 — 358 — 388 — 
422 — 41,4 — 484 — 512 — 550—585 — 513—652 

Our Russian Newsletter... 648— 72c— 

758 — 790 — 820 

Our London Letter ... 15 — 168—290 — 

386—584-759 

Our American Letter 652 

The Weather 69 — 98 — 

1 3c— 1 56—347—378—447—477 

Notice to Mariners 14 — 52 — 

80—135 — 170 — 199 — 233 — 295 — 324 — 
356— 417— 486— 5 16— 725— 77c— 785-829 

Yokohama 14 — 49—80 — 

ic6 — 139 — 171—200 - 232 — 264 — 295 — 
324—361—392—424—457—486—553— 
588 — 621—654 — 692 — 727—761—795—829 

Fires ...154 — 39c — 417—516-655—729—829 

Customs Appeals ... 163—197 — 723 — 763 

News of the Week 24 — 82 — 113 — 

145 — 173 — 202 — 235—266 — 301 — 333 — 

361— 4C0— 425— 465— 486— 523— 553— 

591 — 624 — 664 — 700 — 736 — 768 — 801 —830 

Summary of News ... 1 — 29 — 61 — 89 — 
121 — 149 — 181—213 — 245 — 277—305 — 

337— 3 6 9—405— 437— 469-497— 529— 
565—601—633—669—705—741—773—805 

Chess 457—488—518— 

592— 626- 657— 694— 73 1 —764— 797— 832 

Telegrams 20 — 54—83 — IC9 — 

142 — 174 — 204—236—268 — 299 — 329 — 

362— 394—427—460—489—518—557— 

593— 626—657—694—732—764—797—832 

Latest Commercial . — 25 — 58 — 86—117 — 
1 46—178—210 — 242 — 274—302 — 334 — 
366— 402— 433— 466— 494— 525— 56 1 — 
597 — 631 — 666—702 — 737—771 — 8c2 — 838 

Latfst Shipping .27 — 59-87 — 1 19—147 — 
179— 21 1— 243— 275— 313— 335— 367— 

403— 435— 467— 495— 5'6— 527— 563— 
599—632—667—704—739 -772—803—839 



ST ' r '(S 





b A REVIEW OF JAPANESE COMMERCE, POLITICS. LITERATURE, AND ART. -mho 



No. i ' 



RRGISTBR8D AT THE G.P.O. 
AS A NEWSPAPER . 



YOKOHAMA, JULY 3RD, 1909. 



Vol. LII 



LVNlkNlS. 



Summary of News ... 

The Mukden-Antung Railway ^ 

China and Japan 

The Appeuzeller Suit 

Tungkwan-shan Problem , ... 

China 

America and China ... ... 

K orea - 

The Yalu Disturbance 

German and Japanese in Honan 

Autograph LcttT from tlie Emperor of Korea t > Prince Ito 

Sugar ... 

Mr Chirol and Dr. Morrison 

The Strike in Hawaii 

The Choya Keizai Kenicvu-Kai 

International P ..stage Stamps 

The Tokyo Railway 

I he New Parliamentary Buildings in Tokyo .. 

Vladivostock ... 

The Japanese Contractors Syndicate . ... 

" The Commercial and Industrial 'Supremacy " 

The Marine Products Company 

The High Commercial College 

Chientao ... ... 

The Statue of. Ii Kamo -no-Kami ... ... 

A New Bank in Manchutia 

The'Cox Mission 

Electric Enterprise 

Formosa - : 

The Weavers 

The Kci-Hin Railway 

Notes on l uir nt Events 

Leading Articles : — 

The Budget — Its Significance and Its Reception 

The Complementary Note 

Ill- onsidered Legislation .. 

Thinking Imperially ... 

The Yokohama Loan 

The Tokyo S ock Exchange 

The Bookshelf 

Notice to Mariners 

Yokohama 

The Chinese Y.M.C.A... 

Baseball 

" Yokohama " 

Exhibition of Hist rical Material Appropriate to the Jubilee ... 

Our London Letter 

Our St Petersburg Letter ... 

Cost of. Education and Cost of War ... 

Vancouver and Seattle 

The Wonders of Dentistry 

Tho S S Minnesota 

Yachting 

The O.a K. Objects to Pay 

Correspondence :— 

Admiral Lambton and the Naval Agitation 

Educational Establishments in Yokohama 

Mr Clarence Griffin's Letter HE the Sunday Entertainment 
at ine Roman Catholic School 

A Disclaim cr fiom Dr Morrison 

Telegrams 

A Blind Hero 

Yokohama's Jubilee ... ... ... <!• , 

Excursion Trains to Nikko and Boshu ... ., 

Cigarette-Smoking 1n the British Army 

Sartorial Eccentricities 

The Attack on Lieut. Bellairs 

News of the V> eck ... ... 

Latest Commercial - 

I atest Shipping 



" KAIS CK OtIK DOtS i AJlVIKNNI' 0<U£ t'OUKKA!" 

NOTICLi TO (.'( )l< l< KsroNDKNTS. 
No notice will betaken of anonymous Correspondence 
What is intended for insertion in the "Japan Wkkki.Y 
Mam. "must lie authenticated by I lie name and address 
of the writer, not lor publication, luu as a guarantee of 
good faith. 

It is particular ly requested thai all letters on liusiness 
be addressed to the Manaukk, and Cheques he made 
payahle lo same; and that literary Contribution;; he 
addressed lo the KlMTOK 

Yokohama: bAiuitDA v. July 31 d, 1909. 



BIRTH. 

On June 26th, at No. 5, Yokohama, to Mr. 
and Mrs. Irvine Williams, a Son. 



SUMMARY OF WAYS. 



The Hamilton airship was satisfactorily tested at 
Uyeno Park, Tokyo, on June 28. 

Baron Komura, Minister for Foreign Affairs, 
who has heen recuperating at his villa at Dzushi, 
returned to Tokyo on June 27. 

Early on the morning of June 25th, a news- 
paper deliverer was struck by a goods train 
at a railway crossing near Hodogaya station, and 
was seriously injured. 

On the afternoon of June 27, when a train on the 
light railway from Atami was skirting the moun- 
tain-.side at Homma, the engine was derailed and 
the carriages narrowly escaped being upset. There 



were no casualties beyond slight injuries to three 
persons. 

A Hakodate telegram, dated Time 24, reports that 
fog lias seriously interfered with the movement of 
shipping in and out of that port. 

The new General Post Office, erected on the site 
of Christ's Hospital, Newgate Street, E.C., will be 
ready for occupation early next year. 

On and after the 1st July the Railway Bureau will 
issuecombination tickets to include the fare on the 
Kamakura-Enoshima Electric Railway. 

On March 31, the last day of the financial year, 
Great Britain's gross liabilities amounted to 
^754,121,309, the lowest figure since 1901. 

A Yonezawa despatch reports that on the night 
of June 27, the engine of a goods train was 
derailed at Akayu Station. No casualties are 
reported. 

A man named Shirakawa Kikujiro, formerly a 
well-to-do tradesman dealing in toilet articles in 
Tokyo, has been arrested for having issued 
worthless cheques. 

A Chib\ telephone message reports that at 10 
a.m. on June 28 the Tone and Yedo Rivers were 
8 and 10 feet, re>pectively, above their usual 
levels. They were still rising. 

The two new Dreadnoughts, for which orders 
have just been placed by the British Government, 
will be named the Colossus and the Hercules. 
They are the first pair of the " thirty per cent, 
better " ships. 

On the evening of June 28, Marquis Katsura 
celebrated the attainment of his sixtieth year, at 
his new residence at Mita. Among the guests were 
members of the cabinet and of the Privy Council 
and other friends. 

On June 27, Mr. Minakami, Mayor of Kobe, 
and formerly Superintendent of the Yokohama 
Customs, unexpectedly tendered his resignation 
through Mr. Kanda Hyoyemon, a member of 
the Municipal Council. 

Kueichow is one of the provinces of China in 
which the anti-opium movement is making very 
slow progress, nearly all the provincial officials, 
including the newly appointed Judge, being con- 
firmed users of the drug. 

Seoul papers of June 24th announce the 
suicide of a missionary, Mr. Cartwrigh', by 
hanging. The deceased, who had been conduct- 
ing the services in the Chuach at Seoul for some 
time past, had previously laboured as a missionary 
in Japan with much zeal. 

It is reported that yen 58,800 being required to 
restore the Summon of the Z joji at Slnba, the 
Tokyo Municipal Council decided on June 22 to 
make a grant of yen 10,000 towards the restora- 
tion fund, one-half to be paid during the present 
fiscal year and the remainder on completion of 
the work. 

Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan has presented the Pope 
with a beautiful 30-h. p. motor car, upholster- 
ed in white velvet. Inside, in a little recess, 
there is a breviary with clasps of gold, and on 
the right-hand side is a missive gold medal, 
bearing a representation of St. Joseph, the Pope's 
patron saint. 

In an action tried recently in London, the Ex- 
ecutors of the late Mr. C. J. Dickins sued Arthur 
J. Ellis, a well-known Bond S reet dealer in 
antiques, for damages arising out of the fraudulent 
sale to the deceased ol worthless china and curios. 
In one case over a thousand pounds had been 



charged for an article that could be bought for a 
few shillings a dozen. The jury awarded the 
plaintiffs .£10,342, and the Judge ordered the 
exhibits and also the defendant's books to be 
impounded, with a view to a criminal prosecution 
of the defendant. 

The unveiling of the statue of Ii Kamon-no- 
Kami, which was to have taken place on the first 
day of the forthcoming Jubilee, has been 
postponed till July ir. This is only one of a 
remarkable sequence of interferences with the 
proposed erection of memorials to this illustrious 
man in Tokyo and Yokohama. 

On June 25, a small steamer belongingto the Asahi 
Steamship Company of Nagoya, called the Shinyu 
Main, was struck on her port side by i\\eOnogawa 
Mara, belonging to the Osaka Shosen Kaisha, 
about 7 miles off the coast of Owashi, Ise province. 
The Shinyu Maru sank in three minutes, her 
passengers and crew being saved by the Onogawa 
Maru. 

In a paper on Railway Developments in China, 
read recently before the Society of Arts, Mr. 
Arthur John Barry gave it as his opinion that 
Stale Ownership was not only the best sysiem 
for China, but the only possible system com- 
patible with success, and he believed that railways 
in China could be made to pay perhaps better 
than anywhere else in the world. 

On the morning of June 28, when Count Tanaka, 
ex Minister of the Imperial Household, was on 
his way home in a carriage from a visit to Prince 
Ito, one of the horses became unmanageable and 
ran into the gate of the German Embassy, 
seriously damaging the carriage. The Count, 
slightly injured, rested for a short time at the 
Embassy, and then went home by rikisha. 

Dr. Wickham, of Paris, says The Times, de- 
livered last week before the Royal Medical 
Socie.y a lecture on the treatment of cancer by 
radium. He illustrated by means of lantern slides 
cases in which, by the use of a powerful apparatus 
for the direction upon them of radium rays, can- 
cerous tissues had been destroyed or geatly re- 
duced. These examples justified a belief that 
radium might be considered as a means of alleviat- 
ing to a considerable extent certain cancerous 
diseases. 

An exhibition of the industries of Aichi and 
associated prefectures will be held at Nagoya in 
1910. With the exception of machinery and 
patent exhibits, for which special halls will be 
erected, the exhibits of each of the associated 
prefectuies will have a separate building. Those 
of non associated prefectures will be brought 
together in a building to be called the Reierence 
Museum. In view of the gieat industrial im- 
portance attained by Nagoya and the region of 
which it is the industrial centre, this exhibition 
should be exceedingly attractive and prove a 
great financial success. 

A charter for the creation of a university at 
Bristol was approved by the King in Council last 
month. The foundation of the University is 
largely due to the munificence of the Wills family 
(the great tobacco firm), Mr. H.O. Wills having 
contributed ^100,000, Lord Winterstoke ^former- 
ly Sir W. H. Wills) £35,000. Sir Frederick 
Wills £10,000, Mr. E. Channing Wills £10,000, 
and other members of the family £6,ooo. 
Substantial contributions from other donors are 
also announced. The nucleus of an annual fund 
has been provided by the city corporation, who 
have pledged themselves to levy a penny rate 
for the benefit of the University. This alone 
will bring in £7, coo per annum. 



2 ^Tft-trawHjjfltB matins 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



THE MUKDEN- ANTUNG RAILWAY. 



Friday, June 25. 

It appears that the Chinese authorities are 
by no means desirous of expediting the con- 
struction of the Mukden-Antung Railway. 
A conference is said to have taken place on 
the 24th inst. between Mr. Consul-General 
Koike and Viceroy Sliih, on which occasion 
the latter presented a document containing 
many provisions to which the Consul- 
General could not possibly consent. These 
conditions show that the Chinese are still 
determine 1 to link together the questions of 
jurisdiction and of railway reconstruction, 
although they were understood to have 
agreed that these should be treated separate- 
ly. Further conferences are to take place, 
but there is no immediate prospect of a 
settlement, and unless the Chinese mood 
undeigoes a marked change, the work of re- 
building the line will have to be postponed 
until next year, for only four months of the 
present year can be said to be now available 

We may mention here, however, that the 
Viceroy is said to be showing himself plac- 
able enough with regard to the question of 
the Penhsifu Railway. 

Saturday, June 26. 

This troublesome question seems to be 
farther than ever from settlement. The 
Peking Government is said to have drafted 
a set of proposals which are wholly 
unacceptable to Japan and which leave no 
room whatever for compromise. Meanwhile 
Viceroy Shih has contented himself with 
transmitting this new draft, without making 
any attempt to modify it, and the 
case is aggravated by his own pending 
'cparfure on a tour through northern 
: r>. This would completely inter- 
" dons and would involve a 
y ' :r it impossible that 

n»ti ction of tli - li could be com- 
mencs.'-' during the current year Mr. 
Consul Gene. p .est- 

edstrongly against ' . ' .rture, 

but liis protest has had and he 

has accoidingly requested the . iceroy to 
appoint a representative who shall have full 
competence to discuss and decide the pro- 
blem The Consul-General is reported to 
have laid special stress upon the necessity of 
entrusting plenary powers to this representa- 
tive, so as to avert a repetition of the fiasco 
which has crowned all previous negotiations, 
namely Peking's rejection of every agreement 
arrived at by the so-called plenipotentiaries 
of the two Powers. 

All this does not at all bear out the 
recently circulated rumour that China had 
withdrawn her arbitration proposal and was 
desirous of recommencing tiie negotiations. 
In fact, it is difficult to avoid the conclusion 
that a complete deadlock exists in Peking. 
Of course, without heaiing the Chinese side 
it would be unfair to arrive at any hard and 
fast conclusion, but it looks as though they 
were deferring a separate settlement of any 
one question, their object being to utilize 
one set of concessions on their own part as 
a lever for obtaining another set from Japan. 

Sunday, June 27. 
This morning's telegrams do not snow 
any improvement in the prospects of the 
Mukden Antung Railway. On the 25th 
inst., Consul General Koike had an inter- 
view with Viceroy Shih, and urged upon his j 
Excellency in very strong terms the un- 
praciible and untenable character of many 
of lllfi conditions laid ' dbW> in the Viceroy's 
recent note. The Viceroy is repoited to 
have spoken vciy little at the interview. 



His Excellency left the duty of reply 
almost entirely in the hands of Governor 
Ting who, it is understood, will be charged 
with the conduct of the negotiations daring 
the absence of the Viceroy on his northern 
tour, which commenced on the 26th inst. 
There is evidently a very hopeless feeling on 
the Japanese side. It is not thought that 
any plenipotentiary power has been entrusted 
to Governor Ting, or even that though his 
powers be plenary he will be at all dis- 
posed to exercise them in a favourable sense 
during the Viceroy's absence. Indeed, some- 
thing very like an impasse seems to have been 
reached. The conditions now formulated by 
the Chinese touch Japan's right to recon- 
struct the railway at all, and suggest the 
idea that China's policy is to keep things 
permanently in statu quo. The Asciki writes 
in a strain which shows that the patience of 
some Japanese is well nigh exhausted, and 
that they advocate the immediate inception 
of the work of reconstruction without piyi'ig 
any deference to the vexatious obstacles which 
China is putting in the way, contrary to her 
treaty obligations. It is a pity that some 
more definite information is not procurable 
as to China's ideas, for without hearing her 
side of the case it is impossible to judge 
justly. The only information we have on 
this subject is furnished by the Jiji Shimpo, 
which explains that China not only insists 
on giving precedence to the questions of 
policing and jurisdiction, although she had 
previously accepted Japan's proposal for de- 
ferring these problems until after the recon- 
struction of the line had been arranged, 
but also insists that the Treaty of 
Peking did not contemplate anything like 
the conversion of the line into a permanent 
route with a widened gauge, the sole conces- 
sion contemplated having been the repair of 
the line on its present temporary basis. If 
this be true, it results that China is prepared to 
dispute the basic meaning of the Treaty, and 
should that be her intention, Japan will have 
to choose one of two courses, namely, either 
to abandon all idea of converting the Rail- 
way into a serviceable road, or to go on with 
the work in spite of China's objections. 
Either alternative is sufficiently disquieting. 

Monday, June 28. 
Mr. Kurachi, Chief of the Political Bureau 
in the Foreign Office, says : — " It is report- 
ed that we may take rough measures in the 
case of the Mukden-Antung Railway, but 
the report is erroneous. Unquestionably 
the answer which China has now given to 
us is very unsatisfactory, but if she reflects 
that we have by treaty a right to re- 
construct the road ; that the Korea 11- 
Manchurian Railway is to be made the 
chief means of communication between j 
Asia and Europe, and further, that unless j 
the work be speedily commenced, it will : 
to be deferred for another year, there is] 
ceitainly no reason why she should reject I 
our application. Our Government will , 
spare no pains in negotiating with China 
and inviting her to reconsider her deci-ion, 1 
and we therefore expect that the problem 
will be satisfactorily solved." 

Tuesday, June 29. 
The Jiji Shivtpds Peking correspondent I 
telegraphs that as long ago as ten days he 
was informed of the pettifogging argument | 
advanced by the Governor of Manchuria to 
the effect that although the Treaty provides 
for the improvement of the Mukden Antung 
Railway, it does not provide for its re- j 
construction. The correspoii l<?ht, however, 
(hiding this story quite inci ained 
from wiring it at the time B s now 



informed that Viceroy Hsi actually takes 
that ground. 

In spite of the comparatively placable 
language employed by Mr. Adachi, Chief of 
the Political Bureau in the Department of 
Foreign Affairs, which was reproduced in 
our columns yesterday, both the Mainichi 
Dempo and the Chuo SJiimbun insist that it 
has been determined to assume a strong 
attitude towards the Chinese Government. 
This resolution is said to have been 
taken at a meeting held in the official 
residence of the Prime Minister on the 
28th inst., and attended by Marquis 
Katsura, Count Komura, Baron Goto and 
Mr. Ishii. It was agreed that China's 
attempt to misconstrue the Treaty would not 
be tolerated, and that if she persisted any 
longer in vexatiously obstructing theconstruc- 
tion of the Mukden-Antung Railway, she 
must be held responsible for all losses caused 
by the delay. The Railway being an essential 
link in the chain of communications between 
Asia and Europe, its reconstruction can 
not any longer be deferred, and the 
Japanese Representative in Peking must be 
instructed to invite the Chinese Government 
to withdraw the recent proposals ; to agree 
that the questions of administration and 
construction shall be treated separately, and 
to consent to the immediate relaying of the 
line on the broad gauge. If China refuses to 
take this course, Japan will communicate 
the facts to the Governments of Great 
Britain, the United States, Germany, France, 
Russia and Italy, and will then proceed 
with the construction of the line. 

The Jiji Shimpo s Peking correspondent 
wires that on the 26th inst. Mr Iijuin visited 
the private residence of Mr. Na Tung and 
in a very earnest and friendly manner dis 
cussed the relations between the two 
Empires, pointing out the advisability of 
speedily solving the problems which threaten 
to cause friction. Mr. Na replied courteously, 
but had nothing practical to suggest. 

It may be mentioned here that there 
appears to be some prospect of solving 
the problem of the Kilin-Changchun Railway 
which has been hung up for so long. 

Wednesday, June 30. 

It is telegraphed from Peking that the 
Chinese Government, in consideration of re- 
presentations made by Mr. ljuin, wired to 
Mukden instructing Viceroy Hsi to abandon, 
or defer, his journey to Noith Manchuria. 
But the instruction came too late, as Hsi 
had already started. We do not know 
whether the telegram should be credited 
The Peking Government must have known 
perfectly well that the Viceroy had left 
Mukden, or, at any rate, that the instruction 
could not reach Mukden in time to prevent 
his departure. To telegraph in these ciicum- 
stances look's farcical, and we are disposed 
to doubt the truth of the story. 

The Mainichi Dempo says that the deci- 
sion adopted at tile met ting of Ministei s in 
the Premier's official resilience on the 2Sth 
instant, was confirmed by a Cabinet conclave 
on the 29th. Our contcmporaiy adds that, 
in consequence of this confii malion, a mes- 
sage was sent to Mr. Ijuin instructing him to 
adopt a strong policy in dealing with the 
1 ail way problem. It is not anticipated, how- 
ever, that recourse will have to be had to 
the extren e measure of proceeding with the 
reconstruction of the line without China's 
concuirence and coo|>eralion. The Japanese 
Government believes that, on fuller con- 
sideration, Peking will abandon its obstruc- 
tive atii'ude. 

The Political Committee of the Progressist 
Party waited on Mr. Ishii at the Foreign 



July 3» I9°9-1 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. W»ir;E*3* «B «HHKBitt3«iT 3 



Office on the 29th instant and inquired as to 
the progress of the negotiations relating to 
the above problem. Mr. Ishii is said to have 
replied that, although from its nature the 
question of leconstructing the Mukden- 
Antimg road did not seem to require refer- 
ence to the Central Government, lying as 
it does entirely within the province of 
'the local Viceroy, yet owing to the pecu- 
liar constitution of the Chinese polity, both 
the Waiwupu and the Viceroys had to 
be consulted. Instructions had accordingly 
been forwarded to Mr. Ijuin, but the Japan- 
ese Government believed that an amicable 
settlement would be readied eventually, 
though some delay might be entailed. 

Turning to the Kilin Changchun Railway, 
Mr. Ijuin is quoted as having stated that the 
negotiations did not require any consultation 
with the Central Governments, and that, 
according to telegraphic news received on the 
28th instant, the malters had been practic- 
ally settled. 

The Kokumin Shimbun makes an 'interest- 
ing point. It notes that in the instructions 
issued by the Japanese Government to the 
South-Manchuria Railway Company at the 
time of the latter's formation there was a 
distinct provision that all work of construc- 
tion or reconstruction must be finished with- 
in 3 years from the date of the Company 
coming into existence. That period termi- 
nates in April of next year, and any further 
delay with reference to the Antung-Mukden 
Railway would render it impossible to cany 
out the instruction. 

The Nichi Nichi Shimbun writing editoral- 
ly on this subject and noting that these 
obstructive tactics are employed by China at 
a time when one of her Imperial Princes is 
visiting Japan to return thanks for an act of 
courtesy performed towardsthe Chinese Court, 
arrives at the conclusion that ceremony and 
etiquette have much more importance in the 
eyes of the Middle Kingdom than the 
practical business of life and the genuinely 
smooth conduct of international relations. 

The Hochi Shimbun has an article which 
leaves something to be desired in point of 
practicality. It compares the politics of the 
present Chinese Government to the customs 
which disgraced the days of Mencius, when 
no consideration was taken into account if it 
interfered with the promotion of one's own 
profit or position. With a Power opposing 
a resolute front to such Machiavelian 
policy the countries of the Occident would 
universally sympathise. Nothing therefore 
is needed except a genuinely stalwait at- 
titude on Japan's part. Before assuming 
that attitude, however, she must recognise 
the danger that it entails, namely, the danger 
of a boycott. China has not yet paid the 
paltry sum due by her to the owners of the 
latsu Maru, yet she has succeeded in 
inflicting 011 Japanese merchants a loss of 
many millions of yen. It is here that the 
Hochi ceases to be practical. It declares 
that a contingency of that kind can be 
guarded against by previous combinations 
between Japanese and Chinese merchants 
We fail to see how anything of the soit could 
be effective. 



CHINA AND JAPAN. 



It is impossible to view without concern 
the course that the relations between Japan 
and China seem to be taking. When 
China withdrew her proposal for carrying to 
an arbitration tribunal all the issues between 
herself and Japan, the public conceived a 
hope that she had developed an amicable 
mood, and that this act might be regarded 



as preluding the resumption of negotia- 
tions on a really practical and amicaule 
basis. But the line taken with regard to 
the important question of the Mukden- 
Antung Railway upsets all these sanguine 
hopes, and we can not be surprised that 
leading Japanese newspapers discuss the 
situation in a disappointed and indignant 
strain. The Mainichi Dempo recalls the fact 
that before the arbitration proposal came 
upon the tapis, China had agreed to 
treat the questions of reconstruction and 
jurisdiction independently so that the 
latter might not impede the former. In thus 
agreeing she showed some disposition to 
consult Japan's convenience and to implement 
her treaty obligations. But she has now 
turned round and she not only insists that the 
two problems shalt be treated together, but 
she also advances the extravagant argument 
that reconstruction of the line was never con- 
templated, the only idea being repair. She 
moreover alleges that while jurisdiction is 
provided for in the case of the main lines, 
there is no corresponding provision with 
regard to branch lines, and therefore the 
latter must be treated as though no con- 
vention existed. Such contentions may 
almost be described as wantonly obstructive 
and factitious. The Mainichi Dempo there- 
fore concludes, as the Asahi and the Jiji 
have already concluded, that if Japan can 
not enlist Chinese cooperation for the 
enjoyment of her treaty rights, she must 
take what is her due without fiuther asking. 

The Jiji Shimpo again reverts to this 
subject and speaks in even a stronger strain 
than it previously adopted. It laments that 
the arrival of a Chinese Imperial Prince in 
Tokyo and the exchange of civilities attending 
that event must bear a purely superficial 
character so long as such a number of trouble- 
some problems lie in the background. China 
ought to recognise the debt that she owes 
to this country for fighting a terrible war 
which secured the integrity of the Middle 
Kingdom, but unfortunately she seems to 
have no practical cognisance of the claims of 
gratitude. It can not be said that in her 
dealings with her neighbour Japan has shown 
any want of good will. She withdrew her 
garrison from Pehchili ; she did everything in 
her power to afford educational facilities to 
the Chinese ; she took a conspicuously 
courteous step in connexion with the Im- 
perial obsequies ; she lias offered to settle 
the complications with reference to Pratas 
Island, Chientao and the Fakumen Railway 
on lines which can not be described as 
other than extremely liberal, and from first 
to last she has laboured to promote neigh- 
bourly friendship. China, however, has not 
only failed to reciprocate, but also appears 
to have no adequate perception of the im- 
portance of her relations with Japan. 

The hochi Shimbun is equally emphatic 
in its utterances, but it dwells specially upon 
the point that the officials at the Foreign 
Office should endeavour to enlist public 
sympathy by greater frankness. At present 
it may be said that Japan is in a serious 
dilemma. If she peremptorily insists on 
the practical recognition of thtir treaty 
obligations by the Chinese, she will 
certainly provoke the adverse criticism 
of the world, and if she does not so 
insist, her treaty rights will become mere 
waste paper. To provide against the former 
contingency there is nothing for it but to 
take the public into full confidence. Unless 
this is done it may be fully expected that 
the people of China will assist their Govern- 
ment's rights recovery policy by recourse to 
a boycott, and thus the people of Japan will 
be the ultimate sufferers. 



The Chuo Shimbun recounts various go- 
ings and comings between the Prime 
Minister, Prince Ito and the officials of the 
Foreign Office. It notes especially that in 
spite of his illness Count Komura has return- 
ed to Tokyo for the purpose of conferiing 
with his brother-statesmen, and it expresses 
the belief that the topic of discussion is the 
manifestly unfriendly attitude assumed by 
the Viceroy of Manchuria. 

The Yomiuri Shimbun quotes an anonymous 
official of the Foreign Office as saying that 
the view originally entertained by Japanese 
statesmen was that this problem of the 
Antung-Mukden Railway might be treated 
with all deliberation, inasmuch as the longer 
China maintained her obdurate attitude, 
the more distant would be the time when 
she would acquire the right to buy up 
the Japanese railways in Manchuria. But 
subsequent reflection brought about a change 
in that Fabian policy. Baron Goto repre- 
sented the importance of the railway as linking 
up the East Asian systems, and also dwelt 
upon the fact that a sum of 20 million ^« had 
already been provided for the reconstruction 
of the line. It is therefore necessary that 
Japan should take the law into her own hands. 
The attitude of the Viceroy of Manchuria 
evinces a mood of deliberate obslructiveness, 
and if that attitude be endorsed by the 
Chinese Government, the only plan for 
Japan will be to commence the building of 
the line without further hesitation. 

We refer our readers to a statement by 
Mr. Kurachi, published elsewhere in our 
columns. 



THE APPENZELLER SUIT. 



On June 22nd the Court of Cassation in 
Tokyo rejected the last appeal made by the 
Osaka Shosen Kaisha in the suit instituted 
by the heirs and assignees of the late H.G. 
Appenzeller, who claimed damages to the 
amount of 110,0007^ from the Company. 
The case was oiiginally heard in the Kobe 
Local Court, when judgment was given for 
the plaintiff in the sum of 40,000 yen. 
The Company carried the case on appeal to 
the Osaka Appeal Court, which reversed the 
finding of the lower tribunal, and the plain- 
tiffs then appealed to the Court of Cassation, 
which in turn reversed the judgment of the 
Osaka Court and confirmed that of the Kobe 
tribunal. Finally the Company applied 
to the Court of Cassation for a stay of 
proceedings, but this application was re- 
jected on the 22nd instant. The Com- 
pany, however, having failed to meet this 
demand on the part of the successful suitor, 
recourse was had to distraint, and a quantity 
of anchors, cables and such matters have 
been seized and will be put up for public sale. 
The total amount which the Company has 
to pay is 48,000 yen, including interest. 



THE TUNGKW ANG-SHAN PROBLEM. 



The Anhui agitators seem quite bent upon 
opposing any amicable settlement of this 
troublesome problem. Sir John Lister Kaye 
is said to have drawn up a cooperative 
scheme which is pervaded by a spirit of 
thorough fairness and friendliness, and his 

jeffoits are reported to have received the 
approval of the Peking authorities. But the 

! Anhui folks will have everything or n< thing. 

J They seem determined to contiive the com- 

I plete exclusion of the English concessionaires, 
and inasmuch as the Central Government 
appears powerless to coerce them, it is not 
easy to foresee what the outcome will be. 



vmvx+sxnnxBmu*'** the japan weekly mail. 



[July 3, 1909. 



CHINA. 

Friday, June 25. 

The Viceroy of the Shen-Kan Provinces, 
Mr. Sheng Yun, has been removed from office 
by an Imperial decree which charges him 
with obstructing the introduction of a con- 
stitutional system in China, in defiance of 
the rescripts issued by the late Em- 
peror as well as the present Emperor. 
The decree says that Sheng's crime merits 
condign punishment, but that, in considera- 
tion of his previous services, he is merely 
removed from office. It is expected that 
Mr. Sheng, who, we may mention, is a 
native of Mongolia, will be succeeded in the 
Viceroyalty by Mr. Chang Keng, a Manchu, 
who is now Military Governor of Hi. 

Mr. Liang, Minister of Foreign Affairs in 
Peking, is said to have been compelled by 
ill health to resign his post, and it is expect- 
ed that his successor will be Mr. Tang 
Shaoi. Should the latter forecast be correct, 
the fact will have interesting collateral bear- 
ings, for it has long been predicted that Mr. 
Tang, on his return from Europe, would 
share the fate of his once powerful patron, 
Yuan Shihkai. 

China's hands are gradually getting quite 
full of complications, and in every case the 
rights recovery spirit seems to be defiantly 
asserting itself. It was recently cabled from 
Peking that the Central Government had 
issued strict orders to the Governor of 
Honan in the sense that the boycott of 
the Biitish Mining Syndicate must cease 
immediately. A representative of the Syn- 
dicate, who has just returned to the capital 
from the scene, reports, however, that this 
instruction has produced no effect and that 
the boycott is as vigorous as ever. Our 
readers will observe that this same Governor 
of Honan is the official who is chiefly respon- 
sible for the obstacles placed in the way of 
ade ?n that province. 

£ ..urday, Jur.2 26. 

A story comes f ym Shanghai that the 
students of the Railway School at Swatow 
have memoriaiLv... es in the 

sense that to employ Japanese cn & ..ieers for 
the construction of the Chaochow-Swatow 
Railway is not serving any useful purpose, 
and that a commission of inquiry should 
be appointed foithwith. The Chinese 
Authorities, however, appear to have thought 
that the easier plan would be to dispense with 
the services of the Japanese almost?'// toto. 
Accordingly they have terminated the 
agreements of 28 out of 30 Japanese engin- 
eers and assistant engineeis employed upon 
the line. This story requires to be taken with 
many grains of salt. 

The appointment of the Military Governor 
of Hi, Mr. Chang Keng, to be Viceroy of 
Shen-Kang, has becomean accomplished fact. 

There lias been formed in Ningpo a Chinese 
steamship company to ply between that place 
and Hankow. The Company has a capital 
of 60,000 tads, and it has purchased an old 
steamer called the Kari ftlaru from the 
Nisshiu Kisen Kaisha. 

The Viceroy of Liang-Kiang, Mr. Tuan 
Fang, has addressed to the Throne a very 
strong niemorid with reference to the Army 
and Navy. He urges that these two or- 
ganizations stand to each other in t he prover- 
bial relation of tire two wheels of the cart, 
and that the north and the south of the 
Kmpiie ought no longer to act as though 



ments of the Army and the Navy, on the 
one hand, and the Department of Railways, 
on the other, with the object of pro- 
viding facile means of transportation through- 
out the length and breadth of the land ; 
that the conscription system should be 
introduced after the Japanese model and 
should be put into immediate operation ; 
that the graduates of the Military School 
should be despatched to the various pro- 
vinces for the purpose of giving wide instruc- 
tion ; that gendarmes should be organized in 
the several provinces ; and that no time 
should be lost in establishing naval schools. 
The memorial concludes by condemning the 
Minister of War, Mr. Tieh Liang, for his 
perfunctory methods of procedure. 

A telegram from Peking to the Kokunun 
S/iimbitn confirms the news that Sir Robert 
Hart has applied for another year's leave of 
absence. The message adds that the Chi- 
nese authorities are very anxious for him 
to resume his duties as Inspector General, 
but the opinion among the foreign com- 
munity in Peking is that he will not return 
to China. 



Monday, June 28. 
His Excellency Mr. Shih left Mukden on 
the 26th inst. to make a tour through the 
northern paits of Manchuria. He is expect- 
ed to be absent from Mukden for about a 
month. It does not appear that his Ex- 
cellency has made any effective arrangement 
for the conduct of negotiations during his 
absence with reference to the Mukden- 
Antung Railway. The news of his having 
appointed Governor Ting to confer with Mr. 
Consul-General Koike is not confirmed this 
morning, though at the same time it is not 
denied. An impression evidently gains 
ground that if the negotiations are to be carried 
to a workingconclusion,they mustbetransfer- 
red to Peking, but that of course would entail 
great additional delay. Viceroy Shih is said 
to be adopting a policy the very reverse of 
that followed by his predecessor in so far as 
friendliness towards Japan is concerned. His 
demeanour suggests that he desires to place 
every possible obstacle in her way, and 
that he may be regarded as a powerful 
exponent of the rights- recovery doctrine. 
Considering the large material interests that 
Japan has in Manchuria, it is most unfortu- 
nate that the supreme power should be in 
the hands of an official animated by such 
feelings. 

It is reported from Tientsin that Mr. Li 
Teh-shun, Superintendent of the 
section of the Tsin-Pu Railway, has been j 
dismissed from office. This incident is said, 
to be the outcome of the measures taken by j 
him with regard to locating the terminus of 
that Railway in the German settlement of 
Tientsin. The proposed site of the terminus 
belongs to Captain Hanneken, whose name 
was very familiar during the China-Japan 
War. According to the information of a news 
agency whose report is published by the 
Tokyo journals, the location of the terminus 
at this point would attract thither a large part 
of the business of Tientsin city and would 
enormously enhance the market pi ice of the 
land in the vicinity. The proper site for the 
terminus' is said to be a point westward of 
the Japanese settlement, but rumour says 
that the Japanese residents are giving them- 
selves very little concern about the matter. 
One would suppose from the tenor of the 
telegrams that some iniquitous intrigue was 
they formed parts of sepai ate States. There- connected wilh the .choice of site for the 
f >re he insists that no time should be lost in \ terminus, but probably the whole question 
organizing the 36 Divisions which are to I turns on a difference of opinion, 
for u the territorial army ; that conferences) On the 27th inst. at 9 a m, the death 
should be at once held between the Depart- took place of Mr. Yang Shih-Hsiang, 



Viceroy of Pehchili, who had for some days 
been lying insensible. Public opinion indi- 
cates as his probable successor Mr. Yuan 
Shu-Shun, now Governor of Shantung. 

Tuesday, June 29. 

Contrary to expectation, the viceroyalty of 
Pehchili, which has just been vacated by the 
death of its incumbent, Mr. Yang, has been 
given to the present Viceroy of the two 
Kiang, namely, his Excellency Tuan Fang. 
The viceroyalty of the two Kiang which is 
thus vacated has been given to his Excel- 
lency Chang Jen-chun, who is now Viceroy 
of the two Kuang, and to the latter post Mr. 
Yuan Shu-hsun, now Governor of Shantung, 
has been appointed as locum tennens, the 
governorship of Shantung being temporarily 
given to Mr. Sun Pao-chi, Vice-President of 
the Tsin-Pu Railway. 

Some time ago it was rumoured that the 
Chinese Government had despaired of 
achieving its project in the case of the 
Fakumen Railway, and had consequently 
turned its attention to an alternative line 
running from Kinchow, near Shanhaikwan, 
to join the Trans-Asian Railway at some 
point in Mongolia. This rumour is now 
repeated by the Chuo Shimbun, which 
gives great emphasis to it, and we 
judge that China finds herself compete- 
ly disappointed in her Fakumen scheme, 
which has merely had the effect of injuring 
her in the eyes of Englandand Japan. We 
should think that China would find it very 
hard to obtain money in England for the 
building of such a railway, though in truth 
any financial transaction whatever seems not 
impossible, in view of the present rivalry among 
Western Powers to become her creditor. 

Prince Tsai Cheng arrived at Kyoto at 10 
a.m. on the 28th inst. and is to spend two 
days in that city, so that lie will not reach 
Tokyo until the 1st of July. He has been 
received with hearty demonstrations of wel- 
come at many points en route. 

The Junk Channel has finally been opened 
to navigation at Shanghai, and it is now 
hoped that the difficulties connected with the 
navigation of the liver have been overcome, 
temporarily at all events. 



Wednesday, June 30. 
The removal of Mr. Tuan from the vice- 
royalty of the two Kiang to be Viceroy of the 
Metropolitan province is .said to have caused 
much chagrin among those over whom he 
has hitheito presided. He enjoyed great 
no , t | ieiI) ! popularity throughout the region of the two 
Kiang provinces as well as among the foreign 
communities there, and it is feared that his 
removal will prove a serious check to the 
military reforms which he had inaugurated. 



AM I- RICA AND CHINA. 



Telegrams to the Asahi Shimbun from 
New Yoik say that President Taft lias 
decided to send to China in the capacity of 
Commercial Attache Mr. W. M O. Dawson, 
late Governor of West Virginia, and a 
noted man of business. This selection is held 
to indicate that the President attaches special 
importance to the commercial relations bet- 
ween his country and China. The Washing- 
ton Cabinet is also said to be devoting much 
attention to the choice of officials for service 
in China, and that some one of proved 
ability will be nominated to the post of 
Consul General in Mukden, which was 
recently vacated by Mr. Straight The 
same telegrams mention the fact that the 
Neiv York Herald is to be in future re- 
presented by a special coi respondent in 
Peking, hut this can scarcely be called news. 



July 3, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. djft-friipSA W B a *J 5 



KOREA. 

Friday, June 25. 

Viscount Soue attended a Cabinet meet- 
ing. in Seoul on the 24th inst. for the first 
time in his capacity of Resident-General. 
The telegraph says that he briefly announced 
his appointment, and that the Prime 
Minister in reply congratulated him on his 
promotion and added that he trusted 
that-the country in its Progress towards re- 
form would long benefit by the guidance of 
the new Residents-General. Viscount Sone 
then stated that the complete subjugation 
of the insurrection seemed to him to be 
the most important matter pressing for 
speedy settlement, and that in its immedi- 
ate sequel stood the problem of extending 
railway communications. The members of 
the Cabinet are said to have fully endorsed 
these views. 

The Viscount also summoned a meeting 
of the various Provincial Secretaries, and 
after having received from them reports as 
to the state of affairs in their various 
localities, his Excellency instructed to them 
push forward reforms, always, however, 
having due regard to the customs and 
traditions of the people. 



Saturday, June 26. 
It wlll be remembered that Viscount Sone 
at his first meeting with the members of the 
Korean Cabinet in his capacity of Resident- 
General, laid much stress upon the necessity 
of extending and improving the system o( 
communications in Korea. It now appears 
that he has definitely proposed the con- 
struction of three new lines, namely, one 
from a point on the South Manchuria Rail- 
way to Mokpko ; another from Pyongyang to 
Chiiinamph'o, and a third from Seoul toGensan. 
The last two lines are called respectively the 
Pyong-Nan and the Kyong-Won Railways. 
Viscount Sone recognises that Korea herself 
can' not find funds for these works, and he 
therefore suggests that the construction 
should be undertaken by Japan, Korea de- 
voting her strength to making roads which 
shaft" serve as feeders to the new lines. These 
proposals are said to have been heartily en- 
dorsed. 

There is some trouble about Chinese 
labourers in, the employment of a Japanese 
salt manufacturing firm at Koryang. Three 
hundred of the labourers have left their work 
and carried a complaint to the Chinese Con- 
sul-General in Seoul who appears to have 
made the question diplomatic. The Korean 
Government, however, is said to have replied 
that it can not accept, any responsibility for 
the attitude of private firms towards their 
own. employees. We gather that the Japan- 
ese firm implicated in this matter is working 
the salt fields in the interests of Chinese 
concessionaires. 

It is stated that the concession held by 
Messrs. Collbran Bostwick and Company 
for the electric lighting of Seoul has been 
purchased for 1,700,000 yen by a syndicate 
of Japanese capitalists acting in conjunction 
with the Nik-kan Gas Company. The latter, 
it will be remembered, was founded by the 
Okura Company. 

A Iieavy engagement was reported to 
have taken place on the 19th inst. at Ryong- 
Kwan in south Chhollado between a body 
of 130 insurgents, under the leadership of a 
man whose name is given as Chin Kaisan, 
and a mixed force of Japanese soldiers and 
gendarmes. Seventy-three of the insurgents 
were. killed and a quantity of arms and 
ammunition was taken. 

Prince lto is to travel to Korea by the 



auxiliary cruiser Manshu and is to reach 
Chemulpo on the 4th proximo. 

Sunday, June 27. 

The Jiji Shimpo's Seoul correspondent 
quotes Viscount Sone as saying that there 
will be no departure whatever from the 
policy pursued by Prince lto, the only differ- 
ence being that the lime has now come for 
practical building upon the foundations laid 
by the Prince. As for the talked of change 
of Cabinet, whatever the future may con- 
tain, nothing of the kind is contemplated 
at present. With regard to railways, while 
their extension is a matter of great importance 
for developing the country's material re- 
sources, it must proceed pari passu with the 
making of ordinary roads. The surveys of 
the lines between Pyongyang and Chinampho 
and between a point on the Seoul-Fusan 
Railway and Mokpho have already been 
completed, and the survey of the Seoul- 
Gensan Railway will now be undertaken. 
The latter is a highly important line, and 
the Government would gladly entrust its 
construction to a private company, but the 
engineering difficulties are such that no 
private capitalists are likely to undertake 
the enterprise. 

The Dai Han Kyokai has held a meet- 
ing in Seoul and has passed three re- 
solutions. The first is that the abuse of 
a multiplicity of laws and regulations 
should be corrected ; the second, that the 
number of Japanese officials employed in 
Korea should be reduced by one-half; and 
the third, that Korean policemen alone 
should be employed in the work of suppres- 
sing the insurrection. There was recently 
some talk of this Association abandoning its 
hostility to Japan and suppoiting the new 
Resident-General, but the above resolu- 
tions do not suggest any such change 
ot front. One other resolution passed at the 
meeting is worthy of special notice : it was 
that whereas the former Resident General 
had made the Court and the Government 
the pivots of his administration, that place 
should be given to the people under the new 
regime. 

There is said to be considerable commo- 
tion in Seoul at present in connexion with 
the operation of a new law which was 
enacted last April, and which laid down 
that all sums of public money em- 
bezzled by officials since the year 1 897 
must be forthwith returned to the Treasury. 
Embezzlement by officials in Korea has 
hitherto been regarded as nothing more than 
the levying of a toll upon State funds which 
pass through their hands. It has gone on 
from time immemorial, a^d the law of last 
April amounted to a declaration of immunity 
for all toll-takers of this nature during 
the interval between the founding of 
the Ming dynasty and the attainment 
of its 503rd year, which latter date fell 
in 1894. It may well be supposed that 
the great majority of the culprits during 
the past 1 1 years are not now in a position 
to disgorge, and rumour says that about 100 
of them have been arrested on account of 
sums aggregating 300,000 It is alleged 
that great consternation exists, as well it 
may, but we suspect that these outlines of 
the story require a good deal of filling in. 

Wednesday, June 30. 
Viscount Sone's assumption of the duties 
of Resident-General is apparently to be 
marked by increased resolution in dealing 
with the insurgents. They have been gra- 
dually driven from point to point by soldiers, 
gendarmes and policemen, until now their 
presence is felt in southern Chhollado only, 



and even there they are finding it necessary 
to take refuge in the numerous islands off 
the coast. It being somewhat difficult to 
reach them in these retreats without special 
means of water transport, the construction 
of over 20 shallow-draft gunboats has been 
commenced, and immediately on completion 
they will be employed to carry troops to the 
above islands for the final quelling of the 
insurrection. 

The new Resident General has presented 
handsome gifts of Japanese works of art to 
the ex-Emperor of Korea and Lady Oin. 

It is stated that the new Central Bank of 
Korea will be ready to commence operations 
next spring, but the First Bank will still 
maintain its branches in Seoul, Fusan and 
two or three other places. 

The Japanese whaling companies opera- 
ting in Korean waters have formed a com- 
bination under the name of the Far Eastern 
Whaling Company (Toyo Hogei Kaisha). 



THE YALU DISTURBANCE. 

The latest intelligence does ij^t go to 
show that a settlement of the timber felling 
complication in the upper reaches of the Yalu 
can be considered imminent. The Chinese 
wood men appear to think that they have 
solid grievances, though their way of assert- 
ing themselves tends to vitiate their cause. 
They have elected a committee of representa- 
tives to proceed to Peking for the purpose of 
submitting their case to the Central Govern- 
ment. Meanwhile a good deal of criticism 
is directed against the methods of the 
Lumber Company and there is talk of the 
resignation of the Manager and Director, 
Mr. Takagi. The Japanese Consul at 
Antung is reported to have instructed the 
various police stations to send detachments 
of constables to the scene of the outrage in 
order to protect Japanese life and property. 

The detachment of Japanese troops sent 
to deal with the riotous woodmen in the 
upper reaches of the Yalu River, have 
returned to Antung. They report that the 
woodmen have all fled. An attempt was 
made to cut the telegraph at Tunghwang- 
chien, but fortunately it failed, though 
considerable damage was done. Men who 
have just returned from the scene of the dis- 
turbance, some 50 miles up-stream, report 
that all the timber-rafts have been floated 
down and that the rioters declare their 
intention of setting fire to the forests unless 
jthe Lumber Company changes its methods. 
; There are Chinese troops at Tunghwa, but 
ithey stand by unconcerned. The Japanese 
I have despatched a force of two officers and 
j 26 armed constables to Maoerh-shan, which 
|is the principal limber-producing mountain. 

The Asahi Shimbun writes very strongly 
on this subject. It says that the idea of a 
combined enterprise by Chinese and Japanese 
was welcomed heartily at the outset, but 
events are proving the unpractical character 
of any such union. Originally the Chinese 
woodmen merely objected to the price paid 
for lumber, but they subsequently developed 
a degree of peremptoriness which strongly 
suggests that they are supported by the 
Chinese officials, whose aim is to render the 
joint enterprise .impossible. Mr. Hashiguchi, 
the Japanese managing director, does not 
know how to manage the Chinese, whereas 
Mr. Hu, the Chinese director, is very popular 
with the Japanese, and has thereby forfeited 
the confidence of his own people. Altogether 
the writer in the Asahi is evidently disposed 
to take a very pessimistic view of the 
situation. 



6 «tt*£*HjmBffH«ffffi4»Si9 THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



GERMAN AND JAPANESE IN HON AN. 

The Japan Times publishes a detailed 
statement as to the recent action taken by 
German firms in Hankow. It is a very 
damaging statement, for it indicates not only 
that the action taken by the Germans was 
frivolous, but also that the Chinese officials 
behaved in a manner which betrayed either 
great ignorance of, or great indifference 
to, treaty stipulations. According to the 
6th article of the China-Japan Treaty of 
Commerce and Navigation, "Japanese sub- 
jects may travel for their pleasure, or for 
purposes of trade, to all parts of the in- 
terior of China, under passports issued by 
Japanese Consuls and countersigned by the 
Local Authorities" ; and according to the 6th 
Article of the Shimonoseki Treaty " Japanese 
subjects, purchasing goods or produce in the 
interior of China, or transporting imported 
merchandise into the interior of China, shall 
have the right temporarily to rent or hire 
warehouses for the storage of articles so 
purchased or transported, without the pay- 
ment of any taxes or exactions whatever." 
Under the provisions of these Treaties, two 
large Japanese firms, Messrs. Mitsui and the 
Nisshin Yanghang, sent Chinese into the 
interior to purchase goods, rented godowns 
for the temporary storage of these goods, and 
despatched Japanese subjects to superintend 
the operation. Thereupon the German Consul 
at Hankow, acting at the instigation of 
German merchants, preferred a complaint 
that the Japanese had opened branch-offices 
in the interior, which was contrary to treaty, 
and asked either that they should be 
restrained or that a similar privilege should 
be extended to German merchants. The 
Customs Taotai, on receipt of this complaint, 
seems to have adopted prohibitive measures 
forthwith, without consulting the Japanese 
Consul. He, however, informed the latter of 
his action and of the German protest, where- 
upon the Japanese Consul explained the facts 
and repudiated all breach of treaty. Here not 
the least strange featureof the affair presented 
itself. The German Consnl is represented as 
having replied that " when a godown for the 
storage of goods and the place of purchase 
are united they form, in fact if not in name, 
a branch office." Evidently if that wete ad- 
mitted, the treaty provisions would at once 
become a dead letter. The Chinese 
Authorities, however, who can not be 
greatly blamed if they showed willingness 
to interpret the treaty in the narrowest 
possible sense, appear to have practically 
endorsed the German view, and a singular 
correspondence followed, the Japanese firms 
being all the while prevented from doing 
any business in the interior, and the Chinese 
endeavouring to establish some sort of 
shadowy relation between a godown tem- 
porarily hired and a hong. The matter is 
not yet ended, but we trust that the German 
side of the case will be published, for as 
things stand at present the Japanese have 
just cause for strong complaint, and very 
shortsighted obstruction has been offered to 
the cause of trading freedom. 



" a violent denunciation of German mer- 
chants." It is at once unfortunate and 
mischievous that the local German organ 
should inject into a simple commercial 
discussion an element of bitterness and 
slander. Apart from that incidental feature, 
however, we observe two singular points 
in our contemporary's article. The first is 
an allegation that German subjects " have 
not at present permission to travel even for 
commercial purposes in the interiorof China." 
Is that conceivable ? If the Germans 
labour under such a disadvantage, they have 
only themselves to blame. Their Treaty 
with China entitles them to most-favoured- 
nation treatment. Whatever conventional pri- 
vileges the Japanese enjoy in China, are 
enjoyable equally by Germans. We are there- 
fore unable to believe that the Germans, of all 
people in the world, allow themselves to be thus 
unlawfully discriminated against. The second 
is that our local German contemporary 
ignores — we are inclined to write " delibe- 
rately ignores " — the explicit treaty-right of 
Japanese subjects to hire warehouses in the 
interior of China for the purpose of storing 
commodities purchased there or transported 
thither. The Japanese appear to have exer- 
cised the right in Honan. If German mer- 
chants, by neglecting to follow the legitimate 
example of the Japanese, allowed themselves 
to be "always forestalled in their purchases," 
the fault lay with the German merchants 
alone. Is the Japan Herald s statement of 
the Germans' case to be considered exhaus- 
tive ? We can not believe it, for, if so, they 
have no case at all, and we are very confident 
that they have, if only they could find an 
exponent. 



AUTOGRAPH LETTER FROM THE EMPEROR 
OF KOREA TO PRINCE ITO. 



On June 26 we referred at some 
length to the situation said to have been 
created in Honan by the action of the Ger- 
man Consul at Hankow in accusing Japanese 
merchants of a violation of treaty. Com- 
menting upon our remarks, the /apart Herald 
alleges that we took the situation " as text 
for a violent denunciation of the German 
merchants." It seems a pity that such 
flagrant misrepresentations should be made. 
Our article did not contain, from first to last, 
so much as one sentence which resembled 



The letter addressed by the Emperor of 
Korea to Prince Ito and handed to His High- 
ness by the Korean Prince Imperial in Tokyo 
has been published in the Korean Official 
Gazette, and is thus translated by the Seoul 
Press : — 

" We think that of late international relations are 
becoming more and more complicated year by year 
and inte national affairs occur more a»d more 
frequently day after day. Had Korea, with her 
weakened administration and decayed institutions, 
had to stand alone, it would have been hopeless for 
her to maintain her position. At such a time, 
obeying the august command of your great Sover- 
eign, you accepted the appointment to (he office ofj 
Resident-General, having many years' experience 
of statesmanship and the confidence of the 
world at your back. First you helped our Impeiial 
father in his administration and then assisted Us in 
accomplishing the great work c f restoration, besides 
taking in hand the tutelage of Our Crown Prince. 
You nouiished the root of national prosperity, wisely 
judged the situation of the 1'owers in the E^st and 
West, and basing your decision on the piinciple of 
mutual benefit, firmly established the relationship of 
protectorate. You guided the refoi m and improvement 
of domestic administration and supei intended the 
management of foreign affairs. Thanks to all this, 
the Government has gained in prestige, the national 
strength has grown, the peace and safety of the 
Impeiial House have been secured, integrity of the 
country has been preserved and the people have 
come to enjoy happy and peaceful life. Not only 
have you strengthened the dose andcoidial relation 
between Japan and Korea, but you have preserved 
the blessing of peace in the Far East, Your gieal 
and meritorious services arc recognised by the whole 
world. Now hearing that you have been relieved of 
your office, We cannot but regret it exceedingly. It 
is, however, fortunate that Deputy Resident-General 
Sone succeeds you. We the know that he will be of 
the same mind as you and will not disappoint the ex- 
pectancy of the world. We earnestly hope and pray 
that you will enjoy long and prosperous life and see 
the ripening of the great work you have undertaken. 
We hereby specially command Our Gown Piince to 
take this autograph letter, to you, in which We 
express what We sincerely feel at heart 

" Changtok Palace, Seoul, ihc Sixth Month of the 
Third Year of LungbcuL" 



SUGAR. 

On June 24 the Sugar refinery at 
Onagi-gawa in the Fukagawa suburb of 
Tokyo began once more to show signs of 
life. This is the principal factory of I lie 
Dai Nippon ScitoKaisha, whose affairs have 
attracted so much unenviable notice of late. 
The Company has refineries at Dairi and in 
Osaka also, and from the chimneys of all 
the three simultaneously smoke began to 
rise on June 24. The factories were 
closed on the nth of November 1908 and 
had therefore remained altogether inactive 
for more than 7 months, when they re- 
sumed work on June 24. During that 
interval their regular officers, totalling 
130, together with many emplcyees in 
the case of Tokyo alone, were kept on 
half pay, so that when the time came for 
re-lighting the furnaces everything was ready 
at a moment's notice. It is not publicly 
known what arrangement has been made as 
to the Company's large debt — some 4 
millions of yen — to the Customs, but that a 
compromise has been effected is unquestion- 
able. The Onagi-gawa refinery is now 
putting out 100 tons of sugar daily, which 
represents l,68obags, and its production is 
expected to reach 4,000 bags per diem ere 
long. Of course a long time must pass 
before the enterpiise is in a position to pay 
any dividend, but it may at least be said to 
have once more become a going concern. 

It has been recounted in these columns 
that smoke began to issue once more from 
the chimney of the Sugar Refinery at Ona- 
gigawa, on June 24. We now read 
tltat the President of the Company, Mr. 
Toyama, has applied to the Government for 
more liberal treatment in the manner of 
collecting taxes. It appears that the rule at 
present is to collect the consumption tax 
when the sugar is still in the raw condition, 
a practice which proves very hard on the 
refiners. Mr. Toyama petitions, therefore, 
that the tax shall not be collected until after 
the sugar has been refilled and is on the 
point of going into use. There is as yet no 
knowledge what reply the Government will 
give, but the impression is that every legiti- 
mate effort will be made to help the Sugar 
Company out of its difficulties. 



MR. CHIROL AND DR. MORRISON. 



Telegrams from Peking say that a ban- 
quet was given by the Waiwupu on June 
26 to Mr. Chirol and Dr. Morrison, 
among the guests being Sir John Jordan and 
several of the leading Chinese and foreign 
officials. The telegram adds that Mr. 
Chirol will probably give up his idea of 
returning overland to Europe. His health 
is not sufficiently re-established to take such 
a journey, and although he himself does 
not attach much impottance to his illness, 
his medical advisers and his friends urge the 
advisability of his taking the over-sea route. 
It is expected therefore that he will return 
to Yokohama and take passage in one of the 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha's new steamers. 

A telegram from Peking dated the 29th 
ultimo says that Mr. Chirol was to start 
from Peking on his homeward journey on 
the 29th ultimo, and that he would embark 
in the Santo (Shantung) Maru for Japan. 
This confirms the previously received news 
that, acting on the advice of his physicians, 
Mr. Chirol has decided to travel westward 
by water instead of taking the oveiland 
loute. 



July 3, igop.l 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. utt***HA*fl*3fliBH»Si* 7 



THE STRIKE IN HAWAII. 



Friday, June 25. 
San Francisco has shown itself .so untrust- 
worthy in its intelligence about the strike 
in Hawaii that we iiesitate to place credence 
in any stories emanatingthence. On the 25th, 
for example, a telegram from that source to 
the Mainichi Dempo said that the 3000 
labourers who had returned to work, did 
so merely for the purpose of obtaining 
money to continue the strike and that 
their intention is to quit work- im- 
mediately after their funds have been re- 
plenished. The planters, on the othtr hand, 
are said to have announced that, in such 
an event, they will insist on the surrender 
by the Japanese of all their houses on the 
various plantations, which measure would 
deprive 7000 Japanese of shelter. This 
story seems to us very apocryphal. 



Saturday, June 26. 
Telegrams received from Mr. Consul- 
General Ueno on the evening of the 25th 
indicate that the men on strike are for the 
most part anxious to return to work, but 
their difficulty is that they are bound by the 
promise which they have made to their 
leaders. The Japanese storekeepers are doing 
everything in their power to bring about a 
settlement, but the planters resolutely refuse 
to make any concession in the matter of 
wages so long as the strike continues. It is 
added that the Nippu Jiji continues to write 
in a violent strain about the wrongs which 
it claims to have suffered at the hands of the 
judicial authorities, but nobody pays much 
attention to its lucubrations. 



Sunday, June 27. 
The news this morning confirms the above 
in the main. We gather that the men who 
have continued in employment are main- 
taining those that have gone on strike. The 
planters seem to be willingtogrant an ultimate 
increase of wages, but they will not do so until 
the men return to their work, and the men, 
on their side, fear that if they return to their 
work without some definite promise, they 
may find themselves fooled after all. Mean- 
while the strikers are behaving in a perfectly 
orderly and quiet manner. 



It goes without saying that the strikers are 
dissatisfied with the action of Mr. Consul 



and manufactures are best adapted to 
foreign taste. The name of Mr. Kondo 



General Ueno. His neutral methods are j Rempei is specially associated with this pro- 



naturally unsatisfactory to the labourers. 

Questioned by the members of the 
Political Committee of the Progressist Parly, 
who had an interview with him on the 29th 
instant, Mr. Ishii, Vice Minister of Foreign 
Affaiis, is said to have explained that 
ill accordance with explicit instructions 
sent from Tokyo, Mr. Consul General Ueno 
had forwarded a report which was regard- 
ed as absolutely trustworthy. This docu- 
ment showed that the men actually on 
strike now number only 2,500, and that 
there is a growing disposition on the 
pait of planters and strikers alike to come 
to an understanding. The strikers are 
behaving in a perfectly law-abiding order- 
ly manner, and therefore the functions of 
the Consul-General are limited to endea- 
vouring to bring about an understanding, 
in which effort he has the assistance 
of the commercial bodies. There is 
therefore good ground for hoping that 
the situation will soon be resolved. The 
men ask for nothing more than an increase 
of wages from 18 dollars to 22 dollars 
per month. The rate of wages received 
by Japanese subjects on the Pacific slope is 
50 dollars for a month of 25 days, but 
taking into consideration the difference in 
the cost of living, 22 dollars would be a fair 
equivalent in Hawaii. Concerning the 
question of illegal arrest and domiciliary 
searches, the matter is still sub judice, and 
therefore nothing definite can yet be 
stated as to whether the police were 
really provided with warrants, or whether 
the Japanese failed to require the production 
of such documents. At all events this is a 
question purely of individual rights, and it 
must be treated independently of the strike 
problem 



Monday, June 28. 
The Asa/ii's Honolulu correspondent 
sends a long account of an interview with 
the leader of the strike. The gist of the 
latter's statement is that the men are deter- 
mined not to go back to work without some 
previous assurance that better terms will 
be given to them. There had been some 
disposition on the side of the clique by 
whom the strikers are supported to urge 
return to work, but this idea has been 
abandoned. It is entirely incorrect to say 
that the strike has been brought about by 
the instigation of irresponsible agitators. 
The true cause is that the men find it im- 
possible to live on a wage of 18 dollars a 
month. Their strictly orderly behaviour 
since they went on strike ought to convince 
all observers that the movement is not an 
outcome of mere agitation. The situation 
has been greatly aggravated by the harsh 
measures which the authorities adopt in 
arresting Japanese subjects and seizing 
Japanese property. 



THE CHOYA KEIZAI KENKYU-KAl. 



Wednesday, June 30. 
The Asahi Shimbun has lengthy tele- 
grams from Hawaii, the gist of which is that 
both the planters and the Japanese labourers 
are maintaining a resolute attitude. Neither 

side shows at present any sign of yielding, mining what classes of Japanese products 



The Official and Private Economic In 
vestigation Society held a meeting on June 
25 at the Nihonbashi Club. There were 
present the Prime Minister and several 
other members of the Cabinet, on the Gov 
ernment's side, and practically all the 
leading bankers and business men, on the 
side of the people. This is the As- 
sociation recently formed at the instance 
of Marquis Katsura for the purpose of dis- 
cussing reforms of the business system. The 
first subject debated at the meeting on the 
25th hist, was that of auditors of companies. 
Everyone appears to have recognised that 
the present system of auditors is defective. 
An auditor in Japan is chosen from among 
the directors of a company, which procedure 
amounts to selecting one of the most trusted 
officials of the company to superintend his 
equally trusted colleagues. That is evidently 
an anomaly, but the meeting did not appear 
to have conceived any precise plan of reform. 
Reference was made to the English system 
of chartered accountants, but the meeting 
did not seem to consider that programme 
immediately applicable to Japan's case. It 
was evidently thought that the most effective 
measure which could be immediately taken 
was to make the offices of auditorand director 
altogether independent. The Government 
officials present at the meeting promised that 
due steps should be taken to investigate the 
question. 

Another problem raised at the meeting 
related to the expediency of organizing a 
more effective system for investigating the 



posal, and he appears to think that the most 
practical method would be to organize a 
permanent exhibition committee which 
would be charged with the duty of making 
such investigations alike in ordinary and 
extraordinary limes. 

Mr. Imai, an eminent sericulturist of 
Shinshu, replying to a question put to him 
in his expert capacity, said that the two 
classes of Japanese silk which found most 
favour with Japanese buyers were the joctsu 
(superfine) and the " extra." The latter 
was more in demand, and inasmuch as the 
various localities contributed independently 
to make up the required supply, considerable 
inequalities resulted, to correct which defect 
the only practical course was to deal with 
the evil at its origin, namely, the egg-cards. 

The Ministerfor Agriculture and Commerce 
spoke on the subject of habutaye. He said 
that in consideration of numerous protests 
against excessive severity in the manner of 
conditioning habutaye, the methods of in- 
spection had been materially changed in the 
sense of greater leniency, and the immediate 
esult had been adulteration and other serious 
abuses, so that a heavy blow had been dealt 
to the trade, and unless drastic steps were 
taken to correct these abuses a valuable 
staple of export would be practically lost. 
He therefore exhorted the local officials to 
invest their examinations with every element 
of care and thoroughness. 

Mr. Sonoda Kokichi, who has just returned 
from England, spoke of the excellent credit 
enjoyed by Japanese securities abroad and 
of the welcome given to this kind of invest- 
ment in Great Britain. The purchase of the 
celebrated Holbein picture by a foreign coun- 
try, and the transfer of some of the most valu- 
able Thames lots of land to American hands 
suggested that England was ceasing to be 
the centre of the world's wealth. Hut she had 
enormous quantities of capital still, and the 
only point to be noted was that her people 
seemed to be developing a conservative 
tendency in that they preferred to invest 
their money in solid securities and to be 
content with the interest thus obtained rather 
than to sink large sums of capital in new 
undertakings. The speaker recommended 
that, with the object of enhancing the credit 
of Japanese State bonds, banks and other 
public institutions should be encouraged to 
invest their reserves in such securities. 



conditions of the foreign markets and deter- 



INTERNATIONAL POSTAGE STAMPS. 

At the International Post Convention in 
Rome it was decided that an international 
postage stamp should be introduced, the 
object being to enable people to enclose in a 
letter sent abroad the amount of stamps 
required for forwarding a reply. Prior to 
this innovation it would have been futile for 
a correspondent in France, for example, to 
enclose French stamps in a letter to London, 
for the English addressee could not use such 
stamps on a reply posted in the United King- 
dom. But now, under the new arrangement, 
one may buy a stamp which will carry a letter 
through any post-office in England, Ger- 
many, France and many other countries. 
This system went into operation in October 
1907. Japan is now following suit. She 
will have a kokusai-yubln-kitle , which may 
be purchased at any post-office for 12 sen, 
and will be valid for any country of the 
postal union. Such stamps have already 
been procurable for some lime in 
Yokohama. 



g m*m*z.nna®^mmymmv THE JAPAN weekly MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



THE WKYO RAILWAY. 



Friday, June 25. 
The perennial problem of the Tokyo Rail- 
way appears to be again likely to press for 

solution. One of two courses must evidently fife qilest j 011 at present, but it' is hard to tell 



purchase of the Tokyo Railway by the 
Municipality. The proposal is said to have 
come from the latter, but nothing is men- 
tioned as to terms. There seems to be a 
quieter and more reasonable spirit pervading 



be taken ; either the Authorities must allow 
a reasonable charge to be collected for a 



when the agitators may raise their hands. 
No one can be in doubt any longer as to the 



Wednesday, June 30. 
It is alleged that the Aldermen of Tokyo 
have decided that the depreciation fund of 
one million yen laid aside every year by the 
Tokyo Railway Company must be regarded 
as profit, and must therefore become charge- 
able with the payment of a contribution to 
the Municipal Exchequer. The view taken 
by the Aldermen is that every reserve 
other than that fixed by law must be re- 
garded as profit, so far as the tax leviable by 
the city is concerned. An order will there- 
fore be issued by the Municipality to the 
Company, and it is expected that while 
complying with the order, the latter will 
carry the case before the administrative 
court. 



THE NEW PARLIAMENTARY BUILDINGS 
IN TOKYO. 



reasonable service, or the City must take I necessity of an increased fare, and if the lines 
over the lines and run them on the basis of 1 belonged to the Municipality, they might 
a charity concern. The Jiji Shimpo alleges do as \] iey pleased about the fare, 
that the latter plan is likely to be adopted, ' 
minus the charitable element. Indeed our 
usually well informed contemporary affirms 
that the Municipal authorities are already 
making investigations, and adds that in 
view of the large debts owed by Osaka, 
Kyoto and Nagoya, the Government can 
have no hesitation in permitting Tokyo 
to augment its indebtedness by 50 or 
60 million yen. The Chico Shimbun gives 
an item of incidental news, namely, that the 
Directors of the Company, having taken 
legal advice, are determined to resist the 
City's claim to a share of the depreciation 
fund which the Company laid aside in each 
of its last half-yearly accounts. We have 
already alluded to this remarkable claim. 
It is founded on the theory that an enter- 
prise can be conducted on sound lines 
without laying by any money to meet the 
wear and tear of its plant — a theory which 
assumes an almost ludicrous aspect in the 
case of such a business as that of electric 
railways, where the yearly loss by 
depreciation is enormous. Even though 
the City's claim were admitted, the sum 
accruing to it — one third of everything 
over 7 per cent, of nett profit — would 
be a mere bagateJle, not exceeding some 
twenty or thirty thousand yen. But the 
principle is vital, and against the principle 
the Directors have determined to fight. 
Doubtless the Municipality could buy the 
property now at a comparatively low price, 
and doubtless it could easily raise the money 
abroad at 5 per cent. But no one doubts 
for a moment that the result would be 
very far from advantageous to the citizens. 
They would very soon find themselves pay- 
ing a 6-sen fare at least, instead of the 
present 4-sen; and they would not have 
nearly so good a service. It appears to us 
that the wisest plan for the City is to wait 
quietly until the Railway comes into its 
hands 40 years hence gratis, and then to 
farm it out to a well organized company. 
At any rate the Government can scarcely be 
said to be acting justly while it refuses to sanc- 
tion either of the only two possible alter- 
natives. We may mention here that the 
Shanghai Tramway Company has just 



soon as the time came for building the new 
houses of parliament. Tokyo has now en- 
joyed the privilege for many years, and the 
loss of the court will be a most heavy blow. 

It is very agreeable to learn that the Gov- 
vernment finds itself in a position to spend 
12 to 15 million yen on parliamentary build- 
ings, but what about the Three Taxes ? Will 
the people discriminate between the facts 
that whereas the abolition of a tax involves 
the immediate loss of so much revenue, a 
grant of 15 million yen spread over 8 years 
signifies less than 2 millions yearly ? 



VLAD1V0ST0CK. 



It appears that the project of erecting new 
buildings for the accommodation of the Im- 
perial Diet is at length about to enter the field 
of practical undertakings. Many years ago 
the Government acquired the tract of land in 
Nagatacho, bounded by the War Office on 
the north, the official residence of the Prime 
Minister on the south, the German Embassy 
on the west, and the Palace of Prince Arisu- 
gawa on the east. The purpose of this acquisi- 
tion — an admirable investment, seeing that 
the land was then only a fourth of its present 
market-value — was to provide a site for new 
parliamentary buildings, but it was under- 
stood that the work of construction would 
be deferred in compliance with financial con- 
venience. That condition is now understood 
to have been satisfied, and already steps are 
being taken to test the nature of the founda- 
tion. Two years ago, if we remember 
rightly, the Government despatched a Com- 
mission to Europe and America for the pur- 
pose of inspecting the various parliamentary 
edifices throughout the world, and drawing up 
a plan which should embody theirbest features 
while being adapted to Japan's needs. The 
Commission has now completed its labours, 
and the plan submitted by it is understood 
to have obtained preliminary approval. It 
raised its fares to 12 cents first class and | provides for buildings measuring about one- 



8 cents second class for five or more sections. 



Saturday, June 26. 
The Tokyo Railway Company held its f 
half-yearly general meeting in Tokyo on the 
26th instant at 2 p.m. Nothing has to be 
specially recorded except that the accounts 
were passed without objection, and the 
meeting voted a dividend of 5.4 per cent. 

Sunday, June 27. 
In presenting the accounts and the report 
Baron Senge stated that a minute and 
exhaustive inquiry into the affairs of the 
Company had failed to indicate any irregu- 
larity whatever ; that all the properties, &c, 
were in good order, and that the Company 
hoped to complete the extensions of its line 
by the year of the great Exhibition; 

Tuesday, June 29. 
Several Tokyo journals assert that nego- 
tiations are actually in progress lor the 



third more than the present temporary 
structures, covering an area of 5,000 tsubo 
(4 acres) and having accommodation for 
2,000 visitors, official and private. The 
whole cost is estimated at from 12 to 15 
million yen, and it is proposed that the 
work shall be completely finished by 
1917, the year of the Great Exhibition. 
Japanese papers say that as a handsome 
garden will be enclosed within the bound- 
aries of the buildings, a total space of So.ooo 
tsubo (75 acres) will be recquired, and as the 
Government's present holding measures only 
70,000 tsubo, an additional space of 10,000 
tsubo must be acquired at an outlay of 100 
yen per tsubo. 

This means, of course, that the Tokyo 
Lawn Tennis Club will lose its beautiful 
ground. It was clearly understood that the 
Government, when it most generously grant- 
ed the use of the ground gratis for tennis 



We read in the Jiji Shimpo that the 
number of Japanese settling in Vladivostock 
is constantly on the increase, but their rela- 
tions with the Russian local authorities are 
not of the most satisfactory character. This 
is owing chiefly to the fact that extraor- 
dinarily strict precautions are taken to pre- 
vent anything like trespass within the fortified 
zone, and to apprehend everyone who seems 
to be in the remotest degree interested in 
military secrets. All things considered it is 
of course perfectly natural that the Russians 
should be very jealous in this matter, but 
the effect does not conduce to the promotion 
of pleasant intercourse, for not a few Japa- 
nese subjects have been landed in prison 
on charges of trespass or under suspicion of 
spying. Our contemporary says that the 
Japanese and Russian Governments are now 
debating some means of improving this state 
of affairs. 

The curious enterprise recently undertaken 
at Vladivostock in the shape of wholesale 
foigeriesofJapane.se promissory notes, has 
ended, as might have been expected, in the 
refusal of the law courts to recognise the 
validity of any of the notes, and the distraints 
to which a number of Japanese firms had 
been subjected have been withdrawn. If 
the facts of this case have been accurately 
represented, it is one of the most curious 
frauds on record. 

The party of Russian tourists now in Kobe 
are quoted as saying that if their tour be 
successful, it will be the prelude to a number 
of similar tours organized at various places 
throughout Siberia. 



THE JAPANESE CONTRACTORS SYNDICATE. 



From statements contained in Japanese 
journals it appears to be certain that a 
strong syndicate has been formed in Japan 
under the auspices of leading business 
men like Baron Shibusawa, Mr. Kondo 
Rempei and Mr. Okura Kihachiro, the 
object of the Syndicate being to supply from 
this country materials for the construction 
of the Chinese railways on whose account 
a foreign loan has just been contracted. 
The capital of the Syndicate is put at 
a million yen, and its work may be 
described as that of taking sub-contracts 
from the English, German and French 
Syndicates to supply such materials and 
such expert labour as Japan is in a specially 
favourable condition to provide. 



According to the Chuo Shimbun, substantial 
progress has been made with the organization 
of what may be called the Contractors' 
Syndicate, having for its purpose the supply 
of railway materials for the Yeh-Han 
line. Our contemporary alleges that the 
Syndicate may now be said to have been 
formed, and that in a few days Marquis 



( Katsura will invite some 40 of the promoters 
pui poses, would resume po^esaiou of it so' to a conference at his official residence. 



July 3, 1909.J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. Uttftltt&JlllrB %^®mm*ZV 9 



" THE COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL 
SUPREMACY." 



This is decidedly a magazine not calculat- 
ed to put one asleep. Two numbers have 
appeared now under the editorship of Mr. 
Mochizuki Kotaro, and if their contents are 
entertaining to some people, they must be 
decidedly disagreeable to others. Thus in 
an article headed " the ruin of our credit 
abroad (taigaiteki shinyo no darakti) the 
author observes that, though Japan has gone 
upon the stage of international competition, 
her domestic conditions show that she is still 
toiling in the microcosm of the days of her 
isolation (uawo sakoku jidai no shotenchi ni 
akusekn shite iru). She is acting in opposi- 
tion to the trend of the world. Often she 
fails to appreciate that she has come to have 
foreign relations. Add to this that society 
has become speculative and frivolous ; that 
morality has disappeared, and that the coun- 
try is disgraced by imprisonment for briber)'', 
by bankruptcies and so fai th. Since the war 
with Russia the nations have come to regard 
Japan with suspicious eyes. Ceitain 
foreign newspapers, if they see a weak point 
in her doings, parade it and proclaim it with- 
out the least reserve. While she is thus 
looked at askance, Japan has given fresh 
material to her critics by the recent Sugar 
Scandal. Nevertheless, this is but one of the 
evil products of the time. Society simply 
worships money. The right of participating 
in the Government has ended by becoming 
a mere object of virtu. The elections have 
grown more and more corrupt. The fran- 
chise is a curio which the electors seek 
to sell as dear as possible and the candidates 
endeavour to buy as cheap as possible. Thus 
those that have been returned at the elections 
become themselves objects of merchandise. 
The Diet suggests a departmental store 
where there is no question that can not be 
bartered for coin. This tendency grows 
more marked. Look at the examples 
furnished by the 25th session of the Diet. 
Apart from the Sugar Scandal there are 
such things as the subsidy to the Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha and the Exchanges problem. 
Among the 300 members of the Lower 
House, how many are there who assemble 
to discuss these matters in a really earnest 
spirit? To look for honest debate in the Diet 
of to-day is akin to asking beasts to 
talk like men. The South American service 
may be necessary for the development of the 
country, but the Diet's decision was followed 
by such revelations as to the internal con- 
dition of the Company which is t > under- 
take the service that we are compel- 
led to regard them as indications of 
the decease of political morality. The 
Bill provides for a subsidy of 600,000 
ye?i to the Company, but our trade with 
South America, namely, Mexico, Peru and 
Chili does not aggregate more than 840,000 
yen a year. To give a subsidy of 600,000 yen 
in aid of a commerce of 840,000, especially 
at a time when people are calling out for 
the abolition of the Three Taxes — surely 
that is matter demanding the most profound 
and careful investigation as to the relations 
between results and means? Stranger still 
is the fact that in the accounts of the Com- 
pany published after the passage of the 
subsidy Bill there appears a loss of 817,000 
yen for 1908, and that 639,000 yen of that 
amount is for expenses incurred in making 
investigations as to the South American 
line. Did the Company get a subsidy of 
600,000 yen to compensate its loss of 639,000, 
or did it make an outlay of 639,000 yen 



true condition of our grand Imperial Diet. 
Mr. Mochizuki concludes by recommending 
as remedial measures the establishment of 
chartered accountants; the extension of the 
franchise and the creating of a bureau to 
superintend companies. 

In the same number Mr. Inouye Kaku- 
goro makes a vehement attack on Baron 
Shibusawa, under the heading of " Baron 
Shibusawa who seems to lend his eaves to 
gamblers." We'can not, he says, altogether 
approve of Baron Shibusawa's methods. He 
is at present giving the benefit of his title to 
over 40 companies. Can there be any prac- 
tical reality about such an arrangement ? 
Impossible. Not a few of the concerns with 
which his name was associated have failed. 
In a word, he has been lending his premises 
for the encouragement of gamblers. Men 
like Baron Shibusawa are antiques who 
merely take up room. They are images 
whose presence is very regrettable from the 
point of view of economic circles. The 
Baron is at once director of the Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha and of its enemy in business, 
the Toyo Kisen Kaisha. In such conflicting 
positions how can he possibly discharge both 
duties faithfully ? It is like riding with a 
foot on each of two horses simultaneously 
while one goes east, the other west. 

In the second number of the same 
magazine Baron Shibusawa replies to Mr. 
Inouye. He does not, indeed, mention the 
latter by name, but there is no room for 
misapprehension. He recalls the circum- 
stances of the early Meiji days. Holding a 
high position in the Government, he resigned 
it at the instance of statesmen like Prince Ito, 
Marquis Inouye and Count Okuma, who 
were unanimous in thinking that the country 
could not exist without tradal and industrial 
development. The Government had tiied 
in various ways to encourage such develop- 
ment; had established commercial companies, 
industrial companies, exchange companies, 
colonization companies and shipping com- 
panies. All had failed. It was evident that the 
people must be more intimately connected with 
such enterprises. So he had stepped out of 
the ranks of officialdom to start the First 
Bank. That was in 1873. It may be said 
to have been the first genuine joint-stock 
affair in Japan. Failure nearly overtook it. 
People regarded it as a semi official exchange 
shop and would have no dealings with it. 
Nothing could save the situation except 
more strenuous and general efforts to popu- 
larize the system of joint stock enterprises. 
Baron Shibusawa had thus been compelled to 
stretch out his hand widely. There was 
virtually no choice. The results bear wit- 
ness. By them he is content to be judged. 
Even Fudo-sama and Kwanon sama lend 
their eaves to shelter beggars and gamblers 
as well as honest folks, but no just man 
thinks of associating Kwanon or Fudo with 
these evil characters. If he had to live his 
life over again, the Baron does not see how 
he could have acted differently. He is old 
now, however. He has played his part, and 
the time has come to sever his connexion 
with the 12 — not forty odd but twelve and 
only twelve — companies which still bear 
his name on their registers. 

Mr. Mochizuki does not stop at the 
accusations preferred in the first article to 
which we have referred above. He writes 
another essay under the title of " the 25th 
Diet's profile ; the conspiracy of politicians 
and tradesmen behind the scenes." In this 
analysis he unhesitatingly exposes the rela- 
tions between drafts of law and stocks, 
between members of the Diet and dealers in 



handicaps it somewhat, is a very startling 
production. We can not tell whether the 
editor has yielded to the common tendency 
of seeking effect by painting his picture in 
colours more lurid than the strict truth 
warrants, but if even a moiety of his story 
be accurate, his frankness is to be highly 
commended. 



HIE MARINE PRODUCTS COMPANY. 



On June 24 the preliminary trial of 
Lieut. -General Baron Yenya and the other 
Directors of the Dai Nippon Marine Products 
Company was concluded and all were re- 
manded for public tiial, a prima facie case 
having been established. Great efforts have 
been made to withdraw the prosecution of 
Lieut. General Baron Yenya, but the pro- 
ceedings had been carried too far, and 
whatever may be the ultimate result, he will 
now have to stand his trial in common with 
the rest of those implicated. 

The finding of the preliminary Tribuna 
in the case of the Dai Nihon Marine Pro- 
ducts Company has now been published. 
Frauds perpetrated by the six Directors, 
headed by Lieut.-General Yenya, and 
by three bank officials who appear to 
have acted in collusion with the Directors, 
aggregate the large sum of 1 ,933,000 yen. 
The charges which have been formulated 
against these directors are forgery and 
fraudulent dealing. They appear to have used 
the name of the Company upon cheques in 
the most reckless manner, and they also 
resorted to the device of forging pass- 
books which falsely represented the Com- 
pany as having large deposits at three 
banks, where in reality it had no 
money whatever. Tiie bank officials im- 
plicated in this nefarious business were 
Shigeki Iwao of the Imperial Bank, Asa- 
yama Shimpei of the Nakahara Bank and 
KitAmura Ippei of the Hundredth and Thirty 
Seventh Bank. These three men together 
with the six Directors have been remanded 
for public trial. It will be seen that the 
affair is only a degree less disgraceful than 
the Sugar fraud. 



to get an increase of 600,000? These 1 shares, and altogether "The Commercial 
events make it easy for people to divine the and Industrial Supremacy," though its name 



THE HIGH COMMERCIAL COLLEGE. 

The students of the High Commercial 
College are reported to be again in a state 
of commotion. They contend that though 
a temporary settlement has been made, the 
basic problem of the College's ultimate fate 
remains unsolved, and until a solution has 
been found, they must not desist from agi'at- 
ing. We do not expect that they will 
obtain any sympathy in their present pro- 
cedure. The Sfiogyo Sliimpo, for example, 
which supported them strongly at the outset 
of the complication, now turns unequivocally 
against them. It justly points out that they 
had a right to ;igitate in the beginning, 
inasmuch as the conditions under which 
they had entered the College were about to 
be disturbed. They had entered in the 
belief that their ante-graduate course would 
be completed in a ceitain time, and they 
were suddenly threatened with a substantial 
extension of the number of years. All that 
is now a thing of the past, however. They 
have obtained official assurance that no 
change shall be made until the most junior 
student among them has had his opportunity 
of graduating under the old arrangement. 
If, now, they go outside that phase of the 
problem, and raise an agitation about the 
future of the College apait from their own 
career, they will be trespassing into the field 
of politics, and no one will fail to condemn 
them. 



mft*x*2AttB»H«R««Bi9 THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



["July 3, 1909. 



CHIENTAO. 



The precise information which the Japan- 
ese Government wisely placed at the disposal 
of Mr. Valentine Chirol on the occasion of 
his recent visit to Japan has done much to 
remove misunderstandings about the attitude 
of this country in its disputes with China. 
We observe, however, that the North- China 
Daily Nezvs, while fully admitting the value 
of the facts communicated to Mr. Chirol, re- 
peats its dictum published last May, and 
once more says " China's proposals with re- 
gard to Chientao were outwardly fair, even 
to the point of generosity." At the time when 
our Shanghai contemporary published the 
original of this appreciation, we ventured 
to dissent from its verdict, and we may be 
pardoned now if we repeat what we said on 
that occasion. The IV.- C- Daily Nezvs had 
said: — "No more generous compromise 
could well be imagined than the one that 
China proposes." Our comment was : — 

Truly we fail to appreciate the " generosity " of the 
alleged compromise. We fail even to appreciate 
that it is a compromise at all. Two main issues are 
at stake, as the Peking correspondent of The Times 
notes with his wonted perspicacity. There is the 
teriitorial question and theie is the jurisdiction 
question. Korea, represented by Jipin, claims that 
Chientao is Korean territory, not Chinese. That is 
the territorial question. Korea, represented by 
Japan, claims that the Korean settlers in Chientao, 
who outnumber the Chinese settlers by 5 to t, are 
subject to Koiean juii diction not to Chinese. That 
is the question of jurisdiction. There are no other 
counts save these two. What is China's attitude 
towards them ? She asserts that the territory 
is her own and that the jurisdiction is her 
own. In short, she asserts her title to every- 
thing in dispute. How can that be called a 
compromise ? The only shadow of concesson made 
by her is that she is willing to open five or six inter- 
national trade-maits. She adds, it is true, that she 
will recognise Japanese jurisdiction over Koieans 
who may subsequently settle at these newly opened 
marts or travel in the inieuor. But such a state- 
ment is absolutely supeifluous, for Koreans thus 
settling or thus travelling are already placed by 
treaty under Japanese jurisdiction. Hence we arrive 
at the fact tint the total of v. hina's concessions is an 
engagement to open five or six places t j international 
trade. Her claim of sovereignty is to r.e recognized ; 
her claim of jurisdi. tion is to be recognized, and hi 
return, she offeis to take the step which experience 
has proved to be the best method of averting foreign 
aggression. That is what our Shanghai contem- 
pt ary calls a "more than reasonable attitude " ; 
ai.d a "compromise" than which "none more 
generous Could well be imagined." Speaking in all 
friendliness and frankness, we invite N -China Daily 
News to consider whether it would employ the same 
language of commendation were the situation 
reversed. Suppose that J.ipin, on behalf of Korea, 
were to insist that Korea's sovereign right of posses- 
sion must be recognised ; that Korea's soveieign right 
ot juiisdiction must be recognised; that, in short, 
China must s'ep out finally and fully ; an I 
that in consideration of such self-elf icement 
Korea will do something quite ii relevant to 
the main dispute, namely, open a few nurts to 
international tiade — would such an attitude on the 
part of Japan and Korea be termed " more than 
reasonable " and would such an ofler be called a i 
compromise than which none more generous could I 
well be imagined ? We venture to assert most Uii-I 
equivocally ihat Jap n and Korea would be more j 
than willing to occupy the position which China J 
so generously proposes for herself. 

We tefer to this nutter because it is avow- 
edly one of the most important issues at ' 
stake, and because we believe our Shanghai 
contempotary to be desirous of arriving at a 
really just decision. 

It will be remembered that some time ago 
the new Viceroy of Manchniia memorialized 
the Throne in t he sense that a sum of 
600,000 taels ought to be appropriated 
for defensive works 011 the Chientao frontier, 
300,000 to be provided by the Governor of 
Kilin and 300,000 by the Government in 
Peking, This memorial is said to have 



received Imperial sanction, and Peking has 
ordered that the customs at Dai re n shall 
furnish 150,000 taels, the customs at Shanhai- 
kwan 50,000 and the customs at Wuhu 
1 00,000. 



THE STATUE OF II KA MON-NO-KA M I. 



Recently there was set up on Noge Hill 
in the Western suburb of Yokohama a 
statue of the celebrated Ii Kamon-no-lcami, 
who, as chief minister of the Bakufu, signed 
the first treaty of Commerce and Navigation 
with a foreign country. It was proposed to 
unvr. il this statue on the 1st of July next, 
the fiftieth anniversary of the opening of the 
port. But at the nth hour opposition deve- 
loped itself among a small but influential 
section in official or semi-official circles in To- 
kyo. It was a case of history repeating itself. 
Several years ago, the idea of paying some 
special tribute to the memory of that great 
politician and patriot was earnestly mooted 
in the capital. But it found a bitter oppo- ' 
nent in the person of Mr. Shinagawa Yajiro, 
then Minister of State for Home Affairs. 
Mr. Shinagawa argued that Ii had acted the 
part of a rebel, since he had signed the 
Treaty with the United States not only with- 
out Imperial sanction, b.teven in opposition 
to the wishes of the Emperor, so far as 
those wishes were known. The truth was, 
however, that Shinagawa had another cause j 
of objection. He had been a pupil of the 
renowned Yoshida Shoin, whose head fell by j 
order of Ii Kamon-no Kami on the occasion 1 
of the great struggle between Kyoto and ' 
Yedo. In that case Ii sacrificed all the 1 
promptings of mercy on the altar of political 
expediency, and the incident was destined 
not merely to cost him his own life in the end, 
but also to beget lasting hatred for his memory 
in the bosoms of some of his countrymen. 
Among the latter was Shinagawa Yajiro, 
and he found a powerful supporter in Major- 
General — now Field-Marshal Prince — Yama- 
gata. On the other side were ranged, 
however, Mr. — afterwards Count — Mutsu 
Munemitsu and Mr. Shimada Saburo. 
These contended that that if Ii had been 
guilty of a technical departure from the 
routine of etiquette in signing the treaty 
without the Sovereign's sanction, he had 
acted in obedience to implacable necessity, J 
and under the guidance of political sagacity, 
which had proved of inestimable value to j 
his country. The liberal view prevailed | 
in the end, though no practical result j 
ensued except the publication of Mr.] 
Shimadz t Saburo's invaluable biochure,| 
Kaikokn Shimatsu, to which General Yama- j 
gat.t wrote a preface, acknowledging in 
the frankest and lullest manner the error j 
of his original views. That was in 1883, 
and the agitation of this year of grace, 1909,1 
is based upon the same contention, namely, 
that li ignored his Sovereign, and that to j 
unveil his statue 011 the 50th anniversary of: 
Yokohama's opening would be tantamount 
to proclaiming, not only that Yokohama 
owed its existence t> him, but that the 
foundations of the Settlement had been laid 
on an actcfcontumely towards the Throne. It 
is alleged that this opposition has for chief pro- ' 
moter an ex Minister of the Imperial House- '; 
hold. To foreigners in general it will seem, 
we think, somewhat far-'etched. Nevei theless, 
it has prevailed. I he statue of Ii Kamon- 
no-Kami is not to be unveiled until the 1 tth 
of July. Even Hojo Tokimune consulted 
the Throne before he answered the Mongol 
Envoy, say the opposition. How much 
more, then, was a Tairo of the B.dcufu bound 
to be punctilious. 



A NEW BANK IN MANCHURIA. 



There is a somewhat cryptic telegram 
from Peking saying that Viceroy Shih's 
proposal to establish a central bank in 
Manchuria has been rejected. The Viceroy's 
idea had been that the Treasury in Peking 
should put up 10 million taels for the capital 
of the Bank, and that if this were impossible, 
recourse should be had to a foreign loan. 
But the Peking authorities think that in 
the present state of embarrassed finances it 
would overtax the capacity of the provinces 
were they required to furnish such a sum, 
while as for a foreign loan, it is not suited to 
the circumstances. The better plan therefore 
will be to develop the branches of the Central 
Bank of China which already exist in Kilin, 
Mukden and Yingkow. 

There is a rumour, for the truth of which 
we can not vouch, that the Japanese Govern- 
ment contemplates the establishment of a 
bank in Manchuria with a capital of io 
million yen. This project is said to have 
been long ago formulated by Baron Goto, 
but circumstances prevented him from 
carrying it out prior to his resigna- 
tion of the presidency of the South Man- 
churia Railway. The idea was that the 
Bank should take a specialized form like 
that of the Industrial Bank in Japan. Sub- 
sequently British, French, German and 
American capitalists showed a disposition to 
invest capital in Manclutriaii enterprises, and 
the Chartered hank was understood to be 
thinking of establishing note-issuing branches 
at Mukden and Tientsin. It is now alleged 
that this state of affairs has induced the 
Japanese Government to treat the question 
more earnestly, and it is believed that on the 
return of Mr. Katsuda from China steps will 
be immediately taken with a view to es- 
tablishing the Manchurian Bank. 



THE COX MISSION. 



News has been -.eceived in Peking that at 
Lanchow in the province of Kansu on the 
22nd ult. the inhabitants attacked the Cox 
Mission and killed an Indian in the escort, 
wounding one of the Knglish members 
severely. This Mission set out some time 
ago with the full consent of the Peking 
Government for the purpose of conducting 
explorations in the ptovinces of Shansi, 
Shensi and Kansu. 

We had heard nothing of the Cox Mission 
until news arrived on the 29th ultimo of the 
catastiophe which occurred to it on its 
travels through northwest China. It would 
now seem, however,, that the expedition 
was planned originally by Mr. Clarke, 
President of the American Geogiaphicd 
Society, and that it set out la«>t year 
l«»r the puipose of conducting surveys in 
the west and noith of the Eighteen 
Provinces. The party included seven British 
and German subjects and appears to have 
been under the leadership of Mr. Claike 
himself, so that we are perplexed to account 
for the name " Cox " given in the original 
telegram. It need hardly be said that the 
expedition was duly authorised by the 
Chinese Government, as is shown by the fact 
that free use of all the Chinese telegraph 
lines had been granted. No particulars are 
given as to the cause of the fracas, but it 
is said to have occurred at Anting listen in 
the province of Kansu on the 2 1st of June. 
As for the casualties they ap|>ear to have 
been correctly stated, namely, one man 
killed and one man wounded. 



July 3, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



1 1 



they have placed on record a veiy vehement 
protest against the tax on textile fabrics, 
whatever may be said as to the nature of 
their methods. 



ELECTRIC ENTERPRISE. to cancel their resolve as to refraining from 

sending any goods to the Anglo- Japanese 1 

The long talked of amalgamation of the Exhibition, withdrew and held a general 
Companies now engaged in the manufacture conference, the result of which was that.,. fa de- 
or supply of electdc apparatus in Tokyo fereuce to the recommendations of the Cham- 
seems likely to become an accomplished bers, they decided to abandon their recalci- 
fact. The Companies involved are the trant attitude. We always anticipated that 
General Electric of the United States, this would be the result. The weavers may 
the Tokyo Denki and the Shibaura Sei- be said to have achieved their purpose for 
sakujo which belongs to the Mitsui Firm. 
The capital of the united concern is to 
be 4 million yen, to which the General 
Electric will contribute one million and 
all its patents, taking in return one-half 
of the total shares. The Tokyo Denki Com- 
pany will put in four of its present shares 
to represent one share in the amalga- 
mated concern, and on that basis will con- 
tribute 700,000 yen to the capital. As for 
the Shibaura Seisakujo, its contribution will 
be 1,530,000 jjw/, which represents the value 
of its property on its own assessment. 
Should the property be valued at a smaller 
sum by the experts of the amalgamated 
Company, the difference will be put up in 
ready money. 



THE KETHIN RAILWAY. 



The half yearly general meeting of the 
Kei-Hin Railway was held on June 26th, 
and a dividend of 6 per cent , was declared, 
but whether this account included the loss of 
200,000 yen incurred on account of the 
failure of the Fujimoto Bank, we are unable 
to discover. A question was asked at the 
meeting with reference to this subject, but 
the President signified his desire to have the 
matter treated in secret session. By de- 
The Hochi Shimbnn gives various particu- ! daring a dividend of 6 per cent, the Directors 
la rs about the purchase of the properties of could not carry forward more than 2,113 
the Bi-Kan Company from Messrs. Colbran \yen. Mr. R. J. Kirby was elected to serve 
and Bostwick. This Bi-Kan (American j on the Board of Directors, as representing 
Korean) Company has electric power for Messrs. Sale and Frazar Ltd., through whose 



40 miles of tram and 10,000 lights. Its 
projectors have hitherto held a high tone, 
insisting that they would not sell out 
for less than 2 million yen, but by 
the efforts of various intermediaries they 
have been induced to part with their 
property for 1,700,000. The Gas Company, 
which acquires these properties, thus adds 
electric trams and electric lighting to 
its original programme. Five hundred 
thousand yen out of the purchase money 
will 
capita 
yearly 

particulars are given, but they have no 
special interest for the general public. It 
will suffice to say that the principal projectors 
of the Gas Company are Baron Shibusawa 
and Mr. Okura Kihachiro. 



agency the Railway's loan was recently 
negotiated. 



NOTES ON CURRENT EVENTS. 

The much talked of union between the 
Japan Flour Company (Nihon Seifun 
Kaisha) and the Imperial Flour Company 
(Teikoku Seifun Kaisha) has been effected. 
The latter's paid up capital of 500,000 



f , , . 1 : r? 1- 1 'yen is to be regarded as 300,000 for the 

go to pay a debt to an English ^ t .1 1 .• j .1 

y. . . . .... , 1 purposes of t lie amalgamation, and thus 

ihst, and the remainder will be paid by f. r ., . c ,, .. , . , . 

. ' „ • • t t-< .1 the capital of the united concern vvillstand at 

>' installments of 100,000 yen. .Further . .... 



FORMOSA. 



The aborigines in Formosa seem to be 
showing signs of renewed activity. They 
are reported to have made a raid over the 
Shinshiku boundary and to have murdered 
twelve men and women, whose nationality is 
not stated but who were presumably Chinese. 
Moreover, a surveying party led by Mr. 
Engineer Noro was attacked by a large 
force of aborigines and had much difficulty 
in cutting its way out. One constable was 
missing, one was wounded and two Aiyu 
also were wounded. 



[ 1 y millions. 

Our readers doubtless remember that a 
riot of considerable dimensions occurred 
recently in Saghalien as a result of a veto 
imposed by the Government on the use 
of the kind of net called sashiami. There 
are now 1 2,000 Japanese in Saghalien, 
and between one and two hundred Russians. 
They all derive their livelihood from fishing, 
and it is confidently affirmed that if the above 
veto remain in force these people will all 
have to leave the island. There is therefore 
a strong probability that the veto will be 
conditionally revoked, so soon as the result of 
Mr. Ichiki's visit to the island is known. 



proficiency used to be released from duty 
at the end of . their second year of ser- 
vice ; but the practice, though it acted 
as an incentive in the case of the suc- 
cessful conscripts, had a very demoralizing 
effect on those less fortunate. It made the 
latter discontented and averse to diligence, 
since, however hard they worked, they could 
not secure any reward. The new system 
gels rid of that injurious discrimination, and 
the result is that all the conscripts show a 
healthy and earnest disposition. 

His Excellency the Russian Ambassador 
in Tokyo is said to have approached the 
Japanese Government with a suggestion 
that no time should be lost in settling the 
various questions outstanding between Russia 
and Japan, so as to remove every source of 
international friction. The Foreign Office 
in Tokyo is said to have greeted this sugges- 
tion with much satisfaction, and conferences 
will be immediately commenced. 

On the morning of June 281I1 as Count 
Tanaka was returning in his carriage from a 
visit to Prince Ito at Reinanzaka, the horses 
of his carriage took fright and galloped at 
full speed into the gate of the German 
Embassy, where they fell, the carriage 
also being overturned. The Count was 
helped out of the carriage by Captain 
Lange and Count Montgelas. Fortunately 
he had not received any serious injury, 
and after a shoit rest at the Embassy he 
was able to return home in a carriage lent 
by Prince Shimazu, whose residence stands 
just opposite the German Embassy. 



News comes from Formosa that a party 
of u Japanese fishermen, who were carrying 
on their operations in the vicinity of Karenko, 
were attacked by a large force of aborigines. 
Two of the fishermen were decapitated : two 
killed and one severely wounded. The 
remaining six succeeded in effecting their 
escape. 



THE WEAVERS. 



On June 24 a meeting took place at 
the Nihonbashi Club between representatives 
of the Weavers Association and leading 
members of the six Chambers of Commerce 
of Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Yokohama, Nago- 
ya and Kobe. The weavers having been 
strongly urged by these various Chambers 



The Nippon Engyo Kaisha was established 
for the purpose of acting as a kind of middleman 
between the official salt monopolists and the 
consumers. Its business has not prospered, 
however, and according to present appear- 
ances its capital would be completely expend- 
ed -in a few years. It is therefore proposed 
to wind up the affairs of the concern and to 
restore to the shareholders the sum which 
now remains of the original capital. This 
sum is only 65,000 yen, out of twice that 
figure, but the Directors wisely think that 
half a loaf is better than no bread. 



It is stated that according to the Military 
Authorities the newly introduced system of 
two years' service with the colours promises 
to give excellent results. No final judgment 
can yet be passed, as the Kanyetsu tenko 
(inspection of reservists) has been not held. 
But so far as can be estimated, the 
system promises well. Under the old ar- 
rangement recruits who showed exceptional 



At the close of an able review of General 
Kuropatkin's book on the war, the London 
Spectator says : — 

At the present moment Russia is suffering from a 
bitter sense of national humiliation ; but if she will 
only believe it, the historv of the war contains much 
upon which she may reflect with legitimate pride. 
The hearts of her men are as stout as ever they weie, 
and although her military organisation proved defec- 
tive, the difficulties weie immensely greater than 
they would be nearer home. At the end of six 
thousand miles of railway Russu met an enemy 
whose training and equipment were as perfect as 
human ingenuity could make them, and she may 
console herself for her defeat with the thought that 
she now possesses a large body of men whose ex- 
peiience, gained in the best possible school, may be 
used to provide that efficient leadership which in 
Manchuria was so conspicuously lacking. 



Reports come from the provinces that 
the continuous rain of the last few days has 
caused some inundations and loss of property. 
Gumma and Tochigi prefectures seem to 
have suffered specially, and the Daiya River 
at Nikko has as usual been behaving in a 
boisterous manner. Continuous rain at this 
time of year is of course quite seasonable, and 
its effects upon the rice crop are excel- 
lent, but too much has its disadvant- 
ages. The rainy season, is supposed to 
terminate on the 1 ith of next month, so we 
must be prepared for several days more of 
dampness' and unpleasantness. 

Mr. Sonoda Kokichi is quoted as saying 
that engineers will soon arrive from England 
to make some further surveys of the project- 
ed water-power electric system, and that it 
is very probable that some modifications 
will be made in accordance with the views 
expressed by Japanese experts. 



Rumour says that the Nagoya Electric 
Company is negotiating with the principal 
insurance companies of Tokyo for a loan of 
5 y 2 niillion?n-«, which is to bear interest at 
the rate of 7% per cent. 



H «»ttX*3/liirH»HtliMW«i* THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



THE BUDGET— ITS SIGNIFICANCE AND IIS 
RECEPTION*. 

'T'HE early days of May saw the British 
House of Commons in full debate on a 
Budget which has been hailed — in certain 
quarters — as the most democratic of 
modern times. The task which confront- 
ed the Chancellor of the Exchequer was 
undoubtedly of great magnitude. Not 
only had a deficit of sixteen millions 
to be accounted for, but fresh liabilities 
loomed ahead. In two directions further 
demands were foreshadowed on public funds. 
To one of these the opinion of the country 
had driven the Government : the other lay 
in their attempt to revive Radical enthusiasm 
by public largesse. We refer, of course, to the 
naval expenditure which, despite the signed 
protest of 144 members of their own party, 
the Government feels itself bound to provide: 
and to their ill-advised scheme of Old 
Age Pensions. As Mr. Lloyd George re- 
minded the House, when making his in* 
troductory statement— 'even if the four 
" contingent " Deadnoughts were not laid 
down before April 1st, 1910, the cost of 
construction of the original four would 
be far greater next year than this, and if 
the four additional vessels were decided 
upon, " the naval bill would grow to 
gigantic dimensions." While firmly declin- 
ing to follow the path of panic and " build 
against nightmares," the Chancellor admitted 
that for the Cabinet to ignore its responsi- 
bility in the matter of the defence of British 
shores against possible invasion would be 
" not Liberalism, but lunacy." On the other 
hand, the measures of what the Government 
is pleased to call "social reform " give pro- 
mise of a Gargantuan appetite. The Budget 
has been welcomed by one of the leaders of 
the Socialist party on the ground that it will 
bring about an amelioration of the lot of the 
lower classes by the simple device of taking 
from the rich and giving to the poor. The 
experiment is a dangerous one, for the 
device, if simple, will prove increasingly ex- 
pensive. The maw of Socialism, once grati- 
fied, will require vaster sops to fill it. It 
is only too evident that the figure of 
$162,102,000 for the estimated expenditure 
of the coming year — exceeding though it does 
by some 1 2 millions any previous total of 
the nation's outlay — can be no means be 
taken as representing the maximum for 
several years to come. 

To meet this heavy deficit and increasing 
expenditure Mr. Lloyd George has pro- 
ceeded upon not altogether unexpected lines. 
It was frankly announced, in fact, that he was 
in search of " hen-roosts" to despoil. Never- 
theless his Budget proposals have roused a 
great tide of opposition. The inevitable fresh 
taxation has been so arranged as to fall 
upon a small and limited class of people. 
The well-to-do and middle classes are heav- 
ily mulcted in a series of taxes on incomes, 
land and legacies whose cumulative effect 
can not be described as other than oppres- 
sive. Other imposts bear a distinctly retali- 



atory character. It would be difficult, for 
example, to find even a Radical who would 
deny that the increased duties on liquors 
and on licenses have been framed with a 
view to plundering and punishing political 
opponents — a sweet measure of revenge for 
the killing of the Licensing Bill. Similarly, 
the increased Death duties and Land Value 
charges are clearly intended as chastisement 
for Conservative landlords, and may indicate 
that a Government of Socialistic sympathies 
has therein discovered a new and speedy 
method of getting " back to the land." The 
Chancellor has indeed been free with the 
" hen-roosts," but it would have been better 
for his spoliations to have been generally and 
impartially distributed than that they should 
bear the imprint of revenge, or that 
Ministers should lay themselves open to the 
charge of purchasing votes with money 
extoited from the pockets of their adversaries. 
Even in the Liberal party the Government's 
policy has provoked multerings of discontent, 
while the seiies of eleven victories at bye- 
elections — of which the most recent have 
been most striking — show that the country 
is as little pleased as a section of the 
Government's own supporters. But the 
crux of the situation lies in the attitude of 
the Lords, for there is little doubt that the 
huge Ministerial majority in the Lower 
House will do its work in the end. Already 
misgivings are to be heard among the most 
ardent friends of this triumphantly Socialistic 
Budget, as to the fate which awaits it in 
the Gilded Chamber. One Radical organ, 
regarding the possibility that the Peers 
may force a dissolution by rejecting the 
Budget — a proceeding which, incidentally, 
it declares to be ultra vires — says that such 
action will compel not dissolution, but re- 
volution. The veiled threat may provoke a 
smile ; but it may safely be said that the 
forces of Conservatism, of ordered Im- 
perialism in development and defence, will be 
ready for the issue, whatever it may be. 



THE COMPLEMENTARY NOTE. 

'JpHE House-Tax Problem having been final- 
ly solved, so far as the Arbitral Tribunal 
is concerned, very little interest attaches to i 
it any longer. But since one phase of the 
question was again brought upon the tapis 
by a recent writer calling himself " Observer," 
who seemed to be a German, and since he 
quoted the Aoki-Bieberstien Note in a 
novel sense, we thought it woith while to 
discuss that particular issue. The Note was 
confidently advanced by the Tokyo Govern- 
ment as proving conclusively that what the 
Japanese and the German signatories had in 
view was the land held under perpetual 
lease and nothing but the land. The 
writer referred to above, however, quoted the 
same Note in a precisely opposite sense ; that 
is to say, he quoted it as proving that not 
the land alone, but also the houses standing 
on the land, were contemplated by the 
signatories. It has seldom happened that 
one and the same provision of a treaty has 



been construed in such a diametrically 
opposite sense. The incident is sufficiently 
curious to merit a little examination. Evi- 
dently so flagrant a collision of interpreta- 
tions must be due to different translations. 
It is due to different translations — very 
different. The tianslalion made by the 
Japanese Government for submission to the 
Arbitral Tribunal and accepted tacitly by 
that Tribunal was : — 

That since ownership in the lands in the foreign 
settlements, mentioned in Art. XVIII of the Treaty, 
remains in the Japinese State, the possessors thereof 
or the sucessors of their rights will not be lequirecl 
to pay in respect of their lands imposts or taxes of 
any kind whatever other than the stipulated lent. 

On the other hand, the translation made 
by the writer referred to above was : — 

That in regard to the perpetual lease properties 
mentioned under Art. XVIII. of the Tieatv, the 
ownership shall icmain with the Japanese Govern- 
ment and the propiietois of, or the legal sucessors 
to, these propeities shall not have to piy any 
imposts or taxes except the stipulated gtounted-rents. 

There are here two radical differences. One 
is that the words " in respect of their lands" 
appear in the Japanese Government's transla- 
tion and are wholly omitted in " Observer's" 
translation. The other is that what the 
Japanese Government renders "land," "Ob- 
server " renders " property." As to the 
former point, " Observer " has been shown 
to be inaccurate. The German text — which 
he himself quoted — contains the words fur 
Hire grundstucke , and these are not contained 
in his translation at all. So far he is clearly 
wrong. As to the second point, it admits of 
equally conclusive demonstruction. We do 
not insist upon the palpable fact that the 
expression " piece of ground " (gruiiclst'uckt) 
requires a very liberal lexicon indeed 
to bear the construction "property in 
the form of land and house." Let us grant 
that it intended to convey such a signification. 
Then what follows ? It follows that the 
ownership not only of the lands but also of 
the houses in the foreign settlements, is 
vested in the Japanese Government. " The 
ownership of the perpetual lease properties 
shall remain with the Japanese Govern- 
ment " are the words of " Observer's " 
translation. Now has any foreign resident 
ever admitted, or is any foreign resident pre- 
pared to admit, that the dwellings, ware- 
houses and godowns erected in the settle- 
ments with foreign money are owned 
by the Japanese Government ? The idea 
will be scouted. Yet that is what follows 
inevitably if " Observer's " version be accept- 
ed. If any further proof were needed, it is 
at hand. For what is the history of this 
patticular clause of the Complementary Note ? 
Why did the Japanese Government give 
such an assurance ? It gave it, as the official 
records show, because the German Govern- 
ment was not satisfied with the terms of the 
British Treaty. The German Government 
thought that the British Treaty did not fully 
guarantee settlement lands against the im- 
position of municipal taxes. To that appre- 
hension the Japanese Government replied: — 
" Municipal taxes on land in Japan are 
paid by the owners of the land, not 
by its lessees. The Japanese Government 
s the owner of the perpetual lease 



July 3, 1909.J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 9M*x*-=n «t9mHa««fc3pJ 13 



lahds in the foreign settlements, and as the 
Japanese Government does not tax itself, 
therefore there is no reason to discuss the 
possibility of these settlement lands being 
made liable for municipal taxes." In short, 
this Complementary Note shows conclusively 
that what the German and the Japanese 
Governments had in mind when they nego- 
tiated the Treaty was land and land only, 
and it shows also that what the German 
Government believed the British Government 
to have had in mind was land and land only. 

These are very simple facts. We adduce 
them in response to' " Observer's " challenge. 



ILL-CONSIDERED LEGISLATION. 



J.JOW far such occurrences are the result of 
ill considered legislation and how far they 
may be explained on the ground that it is 
impossible to provide against every imagin- 
able contingency, may be a matter of opinion; 
but it cannot be denied that we are never long 
without hearing of some judicial decision in 
the United States that in one way or another 
works hardship. The latest is the case 
of the daughter of ex- Vice-President Fair- 
banks, who sailed from San Francisco with 
her father and mother on their recent voyage 
to the Far East. Family reasons necessitated 
the lady's disenibaikation at Honolulu and 



THINKING IMPERIALLY. 



ii 'JpHtS," said Mr. Joseph Chamberlain^ 
in a recent letter to The Times, " is the 
day of Empires." It is fitting that so true 
a reminder should come from the man to 
whom we owe the fact — for fact it is-- 
that the people of Britain, in the Narrow 
Seas and beyond, are " thinking imperially." 
It is fitting that the first great " Missionary 
of Empire," though at present removed 
from the stressful scene of political activity, 
should speak once more upon a theme with 
which he is eminently qualified to deal, and, 
by so speaking, crystallize the thoughts of his 
countrymen on the subject now foremost in 
their minds. As the great London journal 
says, Mr. Chamberlain " represents more 
than any other single figure, the policy of 
union and consolidation which is, and must 
remain, the central principle of Impeiial 
statesmanship in the twentieth century." 
If we cast our eyes backwards over the his- 
tory of the more recent developments in our 
national life, we are led to enquire — " when! 
did the Imperial Idea — the idea of Imperial | 
Consolidation — first take shape in the minds 
of the British people?" It was not on the occa- 
sion of Queen Victoria's Jubilee in 1 887, when 
the variety and extent of the British posses- 
sions were brought home in a picturesque 



her immediate return to America ; but by so aud ceremonial manner, to the inhabitants 
doing she incurred a penalty of $200. It was J of the Mother Country ; nor was it on the 
held that her discontinuance of her voyage occasion of the more splendid celebration of 
made Honolulu her objective point, and that . a simi i ar character held a decade later. 

The Impeiial Idea took shape in the dark 



in 



inasmuch as she had arrived there 
foreign steamer without complying with 
certain legal formalities, she must pay the 
penalty. Notwithstanding the lawlessness 



and critical days of the earlier part of 
the South African War. In the fierce j 
throes of a danger common to all parts of 



that is so much in evidence, indications that the Empi ,. e alike> theidea i 0 f Imperial Unity 



America is an over-governed country — in 
other words, that it has too much law, or 
rather too many laws — have not escaped the 
attention of dispassionate critics. The law 
invoked in the case of Mr. Fairbanks's 
daughter is one of the many that are 
intended to restrict undesirable imir.i- 



was born. Then, we believe for the first 
time, Imperial Sentiment was realized by 
British statesmen, and doubtless by others 
besides, for what it was — " a living force of 
incalculable moment in the political balance 
of the woild." And Britons owe to two men 
more than to any other, the successful 



gration, and yet a special investigation j ha „ dHll g G f a crisis which proved a blessing 
under Congressional authority recently • £ t ,j sguise _Mr. Chamberlain, who had 
proved those very laws to have absolutely L, rcady „ lised to ajl importance aild dignity 
farted of tluur purpose. The extraordinary ! before Ul)kll0wll his office of Secretary of 



ceived of late a further impetus of a like 
character — an impetus supplied by danger 
from without. This time it is the heart of 
the Empire which has been threatened, 
as was, ten years ago, one of its most 
distant dependencies. And the result, 
while it has been the same, has been 
even more striking and significant. For 
the rallying of the Dominions across the 
Seas to the moral and material support 
of the Mother Country in this case carries 
with it the recognition not only of Imperial 
Community in peace and in war, but of the 
supreme fact that the secuiity of the whole 
congeries of States, Dependencies and Pro- 
tectorates rests upon Sea-Power alone. This 
is what students of Imperial Defence have 
been endeavouring, for a generation past, to 
teach the people of England and of the 
Empire. The lesson is now learnt and, 
it may be said, was learnt in a day — 
the day of the revelations in the Mother 
of parliaments of Germany's unmistake- 
able ambitions. Australia and New Zealand, 
the most remote of the Dominions — 
and from their point of view the most ex- 
posed — have taken the lesson most earnestly 
to heart. Thinking Imperially has led to 
acting royally. As Mr. Chamberlain 
points out, in the case of New Zealand, 
with its population of little more then 
1,000,000, the offer advanced by that Gov- 
ernment of a Dreadnought to be at 
the service of the Imperial Navy amounts 
to an offer of £2 a head by each in- 
habitant. A similar contribution from each 
inhabitant of the British Isles would raise 
a sum of ^80,000,000, which is two and a 
half times greater than the amount at present 
voted for the Navy Estimates. Such 
sacrifices — the fruits of thinking Imperially 
— are the daughter nations of the Empire 
prepared to make for the preservation of 
Impeiial Unity. Similar happy results are 
visible all over the Empire. Is it too much 
to hope that, at the Imperial Conference to 
meet this month in London, the States- 
men of the Empire will place on a practical 
basis the great questions of Imperial Con- 
solidation and Imperial Defence, forging 
out of so strong a sentiment as now exists 
a lasting and indissoluble bond? 



decision of an American court by which a 
Chinese restaurant proprietor was declared 
to be a labourer, apparently on the sole 
ground that he could not be called a mer- 
chant, is provoking the merriment of the 
whole world, aud its echoes have just come 
back to us from India. Still more grotesque 
was the historic incident of the setting in 
motion of the contract labour law against 
the -newly : imported rector of a New Yorlc 
church, whom it was seriously proposed to 
deport, on the ground that his engagement 
as rector was made before he left England ! 
Fortunately for the reputation of the country, 
common sense overrode, in that particular 
instance, a stiict construction of the statutes. 
That it did not do so in the case of Mr. 
Fairbanks's daughter is amazing ; indeed we 



Stale for the C >lonies, and Sir Alfred, 
now Lord, Milner who fought out with Oom 
Paul the preliminary war of words. These 
were the men who, regardless of misrepre- 
sentation and calumny, and foreseeing the 
immense issues for good or ill bound up in 
our South African policy, handled them as 
we would fain have all English statesmen 
handle such issues — justly and firmly, to the 
only logical end. We repeat that the Em- 
pire, as an Empire, was born in that hour of 
tribulation. Into that crisis it passed nebu- 
lous ; out of it, it emerged concrete. The 
daughter States across the Seas took up their 
great inheritance, and the Mother Country 
awoke to the fact that her over-sea posses- 
sions were not costly and unwelcome 



THE YOKOHAMA LOAN. 



are unwilling to believe that during the time, 
that has elapsed since the decision was dependences, not millstones, but nations, 
rendered, means have not been found of j Imperial Thought, which thus may be 
setting it aside. said to date from a decade back, has re- 



Tokyo newspapers state that his Honour 
the Mayor of Yokohama has concluded the 
arrangements for a loan of .£716,500, 
the proceeds to be applied to extend- 
ing the waterworks. The Industrial Bank 
and Messrs. Samuel Samuel & Co. are 
understood to have competed for this 
loan, but the terms offered by the former 
were slightly more advantageous for the 
city than those offered by the latter. 
The Municipality will receive £gq. net per 
£ 100 bond ; the rate of interest is 5 per cent , 
the period of redemption 45 years and the 
whole of the money has to be taken over 
within 180 days. The commission totals 
7/30 of 1 percent., and is to be paid in three 
installments. 

It is stated that the Yokohama loan was 
duly concluded on the 29th ultimo, the 
amount and the terms being as already stated 
in these columns. 



W»#3i*Hai*B*HaiMHMM THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 190$. 



THE TOKYO STOCK EXCHANGE. 

Fiiday, June 25. 
The downward movement which com 
menced on the 24th instant was continued 
on the 25th instant, though in the case of 
many shares the fall was slight. The 
heaviest sufferers were the Tanko, the 
shipping companies and the Stock Exchange. 
In other cases the depression varied from 
80 sen to 10 sen. 

Saturday, June 26. 
The Exchange recovered on the 26th 
instant from the fit of depression under 
which it had laboured for several days. All 
prices moved up appreciably, with the 
exception of the Tanko shares, which, after 
exhibiting an upward tendency in the fore- 
noon, dropped back again in the afternoon. 

Monday, June 28. 
Yesterday was only a half-day on the 
Tokyo Stock Exchange. The opening was 
brisk, especially for Tokyo Trams, which 
rose one point, and for shipping companies, 
which recovered somewhat from their pre- 
vious depression. But when the Otaru 
Lumber Company's shares were reached, a 
complete change of tone took place and the 
bears had a palpable innings, Exchanges 
falling 2.30 points. Settling Day on the 
28th is expected to pass off quietly. 

Wednesday, June 30. 
The 30th of June was a bad day on the 
Stock Exchange. All pi ices fell sharply in 
the forenoon session, and though there were 
some signs of recovery in the afternoon, 
they were very fitful. There is as yet no 
firmness of tone. We append the quotations 
for August delivery : — 

June 28th. June 30th. 

Tanko Kisen 4235 ... 4125 ... — 1.10 

Tokyo Railway 65.20 ... 6435 ... — .85 

Kei-hin Railway 61.85 ••• 6200 ... + .15 

Yusen Kaislia 80.80 ... 79.55 ... — 1.25 

Toyo Kisen 17.70 ... 17.25 ... — .45 

Tokyo Gas 97.50 ... 97.15 ... — .35 

Tokyo Dento 93 25 ... 93-25 ... . — 

Fuji Gass Spinning 108 25 ...10900 ... •+• .75 

Tokyo Spinning 51.20 ... 5c. 80 ... — .40 

Kanegafuchi Spinning ... 102.50 ...102.50 ... . — 

Beer 7605 ... 75.05 ... — 1.00 

Sugar — ... — ... . — 

Hoden Oil 10085 ... 99.40 ... — 1 45 

Nippon Oil 101.70 ...10095 ... — .7$ 

Slock Exchange 160.00 ...I 56 95 ... — 3.05 



THE BOOKSHELF. 



Sir Robert Hart, by Juliet Bredon. Lon- 
don, Hutchinson & Co. 
This is a most entrancing book. Even 
though our interest were less keen in the 
illustrious man whose career it describes, the 
charm of the description would delight us. 
The authoress is Sir Robert's niece. Only I 
from a near relative could the work have| 
derived its intimate character. We are j 
introduced to the great statesman, diplomatist 
and organizer at the age of 10 days, I 
as lie lies on his aunt's lap, and there- | 
after we are shown him in his school 
and college career, until, at the early' 
age of 19, he is nominated for the consular 1 
service in China — nominated in pure re- 
cognition of the high scholastic honours he 
has won. To those that knew him in his 
later life when habits of profound thought 
had begotten a grave demeanour, it is 
strange news to leain that as a boy he was 
full of mischievous merriment ami that some- 
thing like a mere accident turned him to the 
studies which founded his greatness. This, 
however, is but one of many dramatic inci- 
dents in his life ; so dramatic indeed that at 
one moment we seem to be confronted by a 



telepathic revelation ; at another, by a strik- 
ing demonstration of destiny. Of course 
the authoress does not attempt to follow Sir 
Robert's career in a historical sense. She 
justly says that it is yet too early to speak in 
detail of all the momentous scenes in which 
he occupied the central place. What 
she does is to introduce us to the man him- 
self, resting for only a brief moment as each 
salient land-maik of his life is reached. 
Many a familiar name finds a place in the 
arena where he worked for 55 years — Sir 
John Bowring, Sir Harry Parkes, Horatio 
Nelson Lay, Sir Frederick Bruce, Sir 
Thomas Wade, Gordon, Li Hung chang, 
Prince Kung, Sherard Osborne, Burlingame, 
M. Patenotre, Sir Nicholas O'Conor and not 
a few others. It may be truly said that 
from 1859, when he resigned from the 
Consular Service to enter the Chinese Maii- 
time Customs, until 1908, when he went 
home on leave for the second time in 
nearly 50 years, he never once ceased to 
deserve well of the Chinese Government. 
Perhaps his most signal service, as it 
certainly was the saddest, was rendered 
after the Boxer troubles. His niece tells us 
much that is vividly interesting about the 
events of the siege of the Legations, but 
strange to says she alludes only once, and 
that in the briefest manner, to " These from 
the Land of Sinim." Much we should have 
liked to hear how Sir Robeit was affected by 
the unjust abuse to which that memorable 
book subjected him. He who knew the 
Chinese perfectly had the courage to say a 
true word in their behalf at a moment 
when their name stunk in the world's 
nostrils, and by critics that did not 
know the Chinese at all he was 
berated as an infatuated and unpatriotic 
sciolist. It was a profoundly sad incident 
and profoundly disgraceful to Western 
sagacity and toleration. We should have 
liked much to learn how Sir Robert felt 
about that miserable treatment. But his 
niece is silent. Is her silence to be taken 
as significant ? Need we say that once or 
twice we find ourselves disposed to dissent 
from the gifted authoress's conclusions We 
can not agree with her that Sir Robeit 
foresaw the defeat of China in the war with 
Japan, nor can we believe that at any time 
since the days of the East India Company's 
Factoiy at Canton there was ever any 
serious danger of the Chinese " trying to 
reform too fast by slavish imitation instead 
of slowly working out their own salvation." 
Sir Robeit Hart, indeed, was a believer in 
slowness and sureness where national move- 
ments are concerned, but we have often 
thought that his views in that respect were 
somewhat objective and that he was patient 
faute de mieux. No countiy could have 
reformed faster " by slavish imitation than 
Japan has done, yet Japan most indubitably 
has " worked out her own salvation " and 
retained all her national characteristics. In 
his heart of heaits we believe that Sir 
Robert's festina lente was the offspring of 
necessity rather than the child of choice. 
However that may be, his niece is to be 
deeply thanked for this admirable and sym- 
pathetic story of a man who well deserves 
to be called a maker of history. 



YOKOHAMA. 



A man named Kase Tsunekichi, of Yamada- 
cho Itchome, was arrested on June 24 for having 
practised medicine without license, and defrauded 
his pUienls out of certain sums of money. 

Governor Sufu, who has been visiting his 
native province, returned on June 24. 

On June 26, a manufacturer of fireworks named 
Narushima Takejiro was prosecuted by the 
Isezaki-cho Police for having secretly prepared 
to manufacture fireworks for the Jubilee celebra- 
tion. All the materials were confiscated. 

On the night of June 25, a Ltter carrier was 
drowned when going out in a sampan to trace 
two others who had carried telegrams addressed 
to the Commander of the Galveston and were 
late in return. The telegrams were safely de- 
livered to the addressee. 

The liealih returns for Kanagawa prefecture during 
the week ended June 24th are as follows : — 



Yokohama — 

New cases ... 

Died 

Oilier Districts — 

New cases ... 

Died 



: x 
: 0 
: a. 



3 



— 3 



3 

h 
3 
2 



.e *. 

S..S 

5 *> 

3 



On June 27, a woman, aged 37, died from 
plague at Aokbmachi, Kanagawa, 

On June 28, a new case of plague was discover- 
ed at Noge-machi 3-chome. There have been 23 
cases in all up to the present time, 

Governor Sufu visited the Austrian cruiser 
Raise) in Elizabeth on the morning of June 28, for 
the return of official courtesies. 



THE CHINESE Y.M.C.A. 



The Closing Exercises of the Chinese Y.M.C.A. 
Evening School were held in the Y.M.C.A. Hall, 
Kanda, on June 30th, under the Chairmanship of 
Rev. Mark Liu. In addition to the musical pro- 
gramme a scene from " Macbeth " was given, 
the full details being as under. 

PROGR \MME. 

PART L 

1. Opening Hymn and Prater Pastor Liu. 

2. Piano Duet Mrs. & Miss lliiw onilx, 

3 Fait Song (Mess.s. C. W. & E T.Igleheait 

C. S. D.iv son, & H. H. Coates). 

4 Kemaiks Cliairm.i. . 

5. Piba Snl > Slii Yu Ling. 

6. Vocal Trio Messrs. I i, Kwjy and Elwin. 

7. Violin & t'iccolo Duet Mrssis. Kong & Kway. 

8. Song " Poor Old Joe " Dji Clien Chinese 

Students. 

9. Piano Duet Mrs. and Miss Huncomlie. 

10. Quartette (Messrs. C \V. & E. T Ijjlehe.ut 

C. S. Davison & H. H Cortes). 

11. ; estiinonials Dr. P. Doesticks. 

Inter vai. 

PAKT II. 

Macbeth, Act. II, Scenes 1, 2 and 3. 

Act. V. Scene 1. 

Dramatis Pf.rsonae. 

Macbeth ) Generals in the King's ( C. L. Mi. 

Ilauquo \ Army, | S. C. Li. 

Macduff ) », , 1 c c .1 j (TA.Voong 

. V Noblemen 01 ncutlafM. ... 

Lenox ) | C. C. Woo. 

Doctor M. Djong. 

Poller K. V. Ma. 

L \dv Macbeth 8. O. Meone. 

Gentlewoman M. Li. 



N01KE TO MARINERS. 

HAYATOMO SET.) TID \L OBSERVATION LIGHT - 
BU )Y DRIFTED. 

Notice is given by the Depaitment of 
Communications that Hayatomo selo Tidal 
Observation 1 ightbuoy on north side of Haya- 
tomo seto, Shimonoseki Strait, has drifted about 3 
cables eastward. 



BASEBALL 

The game between the Keio University and the 
Y.C & A C. which was played in showery weather 
at the Recreation Ground on June a6 resulted 
in an easy win for the former, who proved them- 
selves the b-tter team on all |>oints of the game. 
The score was as follows : — 

1 23456789 Total. 
Y.C. &A.<\... iooooioio 3 
Keio 2 1 0 5 1 o o 1 o 10 



July 3, 1 909. J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. MrfcttS¥H/!ttRmHflfSte&3nj 15 



" YOKOHAMA." 



A SONG OF JUBILEE. 



[CompDsed by Surgeon General Mori(Rintaro), 
Director of the Army-Surgeon Bureau, at the 
request of the Yokohama Municipal Council kawa 
rendered into English verse by E Bruce-Mitford. | Colours 
The song is being, taught in the class rooms of the 
preliminary and other schools in Yokohama ia 
view of the coming Celebration.] 

SHIKA. 

JVaga hinomoto wa shimaguni yo, 
Asahi kaga yo umi ni 
Tsuranari sobadatsu shimajima nareba, 
Arayuru kuni yori fane koso kayoe. 
S'ireba minato no kadzu okaredo, 
Kono Yokohama ni masaru arame ya. 

Mukashi omoeba, tomaya no kemuri, 
Chiiari horari to talerishi tokoro ; 
I ma wa momo fune momo chifune tomaru 
tokotozo. Miyoya. 



rug used by Sakuma Shozan ; exhibited by Mr. 
Chikayama. 

Oil-painting lepresenting Ihe night attack on the 
British Legation, Tojen-j', Takanawa, Tokyo ; 
exhibited by Mr. Chikaynm t. 

By obit with a pictiue of t he landing of marines 
of five different countiies; exhibited by Mr. Ishi- 



Hale naku sakae/e yukuran ?niyo wo, 
Kazaru takara mo irikuru minato. 

An Island-Realm is fair Japan, 

Whose countless isles in order run, 
Studding the sea where radiant shines 
The glory of the Rising Sun : 



bestowed by the Emperor Kotnei on 
Shincho-gunii ; exhibited by Mr. Ishikawa. 

Sabre worn by Commodoie I'eiry ; exhibited by 
M>. Kishimoto. 

Photograph of a copy of the Kanagawa Treaty; 
exhibited by the Denai tment of Horeign Affairs. 

A notice prohibiting violence against foreigners, 
under pain of death— issued from Yokohama in the 
early days of Mtriji. 

Various colour prints, showing the restaurants and 
play rooms used by the foreigners in eatly post- 
Settlement d;<ys. 



OUR LONDON LETTER. 

London, June 4. 
The " Season " is in full swing, and for the last j 
three weeks or more the sun has been shining with j 
a most unusual geniality upon an astonishingly 
gay, clean and smokeless London. The flcwer 
beds in the Park are prim and perfect, but bril- 
liant ; not as yet veiled in motor dust, or dashed 
by untimely showers. The moon daisies, lobelia 
and pink ivy-!eafed geranium of the window boxes 
have not begun to droop, nor have the garlands 



And to her deep-set shores from distant f a( j e d fro.n Paris hats, nor roses from debutantes' 
climes 

Come laden ships, like spirits of the times. 

Fifty years since, where now is reared 
Her chiefest gate of golden leaves — 
On marshy flats a village weird 

Of lowly huts, 'neath whose rush eaves 



cheeks. Summer frocks are still in their first 
j freshness, and an important section of the popula- 
tion is in a whirl of delightful anxiety regarding 
the fluctuations of the fashions. The modern 
arbiters of Elegance must needs have nimble wits 
j and strong constitutions, for they are kept con- 
tinually hard at work, and seldom fail from month 
The lights [of evening faintly whisper'd sleep to month to burst their surprises upon an eagerly 
To toilers probing secrets of the deep. expectant world. 

The " Merry Widow " hat of gargantuan 
Away dim past ! Now, 'thwart the plain dimensions (the brim of which actually rested 
From hill to hill a city lies ; j upon the shoulders of the wearer) lias been sue- 

Now from thronged mart and tall exchange ceeded by the " Extinguisher " and the " B;ehive," 

both of which are so aptly n?med as to be able to 
dispense with further description. 

In these last days, in order to be chic, it is no 
longer merely necessary to be Directoire, for two 
things have been confidently asserted. First, the 
\paniers are undoubtedly coming, and at any 
i moment may be literally upon us, and secondly, 
! waists are beginning to come down. The latter 
statement causes some anxiety, as once upon the 
downward trend, it is impossible to predict how 
far waists will go. One or two creations have 
been launched reminiscent of Du Maurier, whilst 
an evening newspaper of some standing has been 
discussing the possible " Plantagenet Revival," 
in which waists will drop to so.newhere below 
the hips. 

These weighty matters have received attention 
There are about 800 exhibits in the collection in high P la es - and to some purpose. A week or 
that has been brought together at the Jubilee i tvvo a 8° Mrs - Aq q uit1 ' gave a tei party. She gave' 
Assembly Ground under the auspices of the it at No. ro, Downing Street, the official residence J 
Yokohama Chamber of Commerce. The chief , of her husband, the Prime Minister. There were ! 
exhibitors are the Imperial Museum, the College gathered together some twenty to thirty ladies for \ 
of Science, the Yuslm-kwan, the Department of the purpose of enjoying an exhibition of French j 
Foreign Affairs, the Department of Communica- fro< ks and frills displayed by a well known French j 
tions, the Post Office Museum; the Raw Silk i Cpsbtmur^ The tea party was doubtless a great; 
Examination Office in Kanagawa Kencho, Count \ success, but alas for <• the fierce light that beats " ; 
Ii and Count Toda. The Exhibition was opened i about a Downing Street drawing rorm ! The ; 
at 10 a.m. on June 28 by Mr. Ono, Chairman of , proceedings gave dire offence. A member of j 
the Chamber of Commerce, and congratulatory 1 Parliament wrote a letter, more in sorrow than! 
addresses were delivered by Count Okuma and in a,) g er , not so much, perhaps, deploring actual | 
the Mayor, Mr. N. Mitsuhashi. | official encouragement of foieign, at the expense 

The exhibits are divided into two principal divi-! of British, trade, as the occasion given to the; 



The hum of wealth and commerce flies ; 
While anchored in the stone-girt harbour ride 
Vessels untold, in foam-fleck'd, iron pride. 

Chiefest of Nippon's ports, all hail ! 

Through thee has poured a priceless tide 
To decorate the Imperial reign — 

Treasures world -won, treasures world-wide : 
To thee, whose voice from East to West doth 
sound, 

And to thy growing Fortune be no bound ! 

E.B.M. 



EXHIBITION OF HISTORICAL MATERIAL 
AtPROi RIATE TO THE JUBILEE. 



sions ; those illustra'ive of the peiiod prior to the 
opening of the Port and those having reference to 
the last fifty years. Among the chief exhibits 
are : — 

Pictuie of the landing of the Poituguet.e ; exhibited 
by Mr. Saiki 



enemy to blaspheme. Hinting, not so much at 
lack of patriotism, as at gieat unseemliness. 

The newspapers took up the matter with keen 
enthusiasm, and much journalistic capital was 
made. The incident, as may be readily believed, 
was peculiarly suitable for the purpose, contain 



Pair of Byobu (folding screens) belonging to the ln g» as it did, the germs of a political scandal, and 



same picture ; exhibited* by Mr Shiga. 

Map of the vVoild published in Amsterdam 
which had found its way to Japan in the Hoei period 
(200 years ago) ; exhibited by the Imperial Museum. 

Chart on sheepskin; exhibited by the Impeiial 
Museum. 

Steam boiler brought by Commodore Perry ; 
exhibited by the Imperial Museum. 



touching, in a manner very dear to the British 
heart, the private life of celebrated persons. The 
whole thing was carried to an absurdity which 
may be illustrated by the foil wing extract from 
a letter to the " Wester 11 Morning News" and 
quoted by Punch, " And ihe high water matk of 
indignation is raised to its zenith when tin official 



Jinbaori (a coat worn over armour) and a saddle residence is used for a frenchman's Show room," 



The Spectator thus sums up the affair, 
" The ridiculous storm in a teacup which has 
been raised by a section of the Press over the fact 
that Mrs. Asquith asked a certain number of her 
hiends to look at some Paris gowns in Downing 
Street has, we trust, received its quietus in a letter 
addressed by Mrs. Asquith to Mr. Richardson, 
M.P. In this letter Mrs. Asquith writes that 
there is no truth in the statement that there has 
been an exhibition and sale of foreign stuffs and 
clothes at 10, Downing Street. She goes on to 
say that she " received in her private rooms, at tea, 
some twenty to twenty-five of her personal friends, 
and a well-known French Costumier, whose 
models can be bought in any London shop, 
brought some specimens for the inspection of 
myself and my guests. It was a purely private 
occasion." We are no enemies of journalistic 
enterprise, and can tolerate it even when it lakes 
what seems to us personally somewhat silly or trivi- 
al developments. When, however, that enterprise 
results in denunciations of the female members of 
the family of the Prime Minister, the limit of such 
enterprise appears to us to have been, not merely 
reached, but passed. We suppose Mrs. Asquith 
considered it to be absolutely necessary to write 
the letter she has written, but we cannot but 
regret the fact. We had rdther l ave seen a 
precedent set in absolute reticence. The 
difficulty of denials even of untrue stories, or 
gross exaggerations, is that they breed other 
stories. Those who think, as most Englishmen 
do, that matters concerning the private lives of 
individuals ought not to be discussed in the news- 
papers in a hostile spirit, should, as far as possible, 
support that rule by refusing even to deny false 
stories." 

All of which is perfectly true and just; yet ihts 
" storm in a tea cup " lias a significance at the 
present juncture. The occasion of the agitation 
was trivial indeed, the agitation itself foolish and 
vulgar, and in the worst of taste. The discussions 
in the newspapers read like an anticipation of the 
journalistic silly season. Yet it is a truism 
that the lightest trifle, such as a straw, will show 
which way the wind blows. Therefore it is not 
an exaggeration to say that the public irritation 
about Mrs. Atquith's Paris frocks is an indication 
of a vague though wide-spread disquietude, an ex- 
pression of the want of confidence of the mass of 
the uninitiated in the present Government. The 
various airship and balloon scares, apparently 
quite lacking in foundation, which have excited, 
mystified and amused people by turns, are mani- 
festations of the same spirit. Englishmen do not 
sleep quite quietly in their beds (as notably re- 
commended by Sir John Fisher) or aerial phantoms, 
dissolving dirigibles, manned by most elusive 
spies would not take the place of the giant (but 
comparatively innocuous) gooseberry, cr the time 
honoured sea serpent. As a final example of 
how the wind blows, a little familiar incident 
which too c place last week at Epsom is no less 
significant. 

The King's horse Minora won the Derby, 
after an extremely close race, amidst the cheers of 
a highly delighted populace. Afterwards, in the 
paddock, whilst the race was being discussed, 
and the horse admired, his Majesty felt himself 
touched upon the arm. On turning round he 
found himself addressed by an honest man 
of the people. " Now Sir," said this individual 
earnestly, " Go home and turn out that beastly 
Government of youis !" 

Last week was eventful in the world of Sport, 
for not only was the Derby run, but at Oxford 
was the contest decided which confirmed the 
Christ Church boat in its proud position at the 
head of the river. 

For eight days and more, youth and beauty 
di ported themselves green upon the banks of the 
Isis, or confided themselves to its smooth waters in 
boats and punts and canoes by the hundred. The 
lovely weather favouted all manner of picnics, 
out-of-door dinners and moonlight excursions. 

The thoroughfares were gay with muslin (recks, 
and wags carrying gay coloured cushions, Lut 
naturally the '• Eights" formed the serious busi- 
ness of each day. 

The races were rowed in three divisions at the 
hours of four, five and six in the afternoon. Owing 
to the narrowness of the river they were as usual, 



16 mf£$$.i£^nftR®B.fmm 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



| July 3, 1909. 



" bumping!" races. The boats started in a given 
order, and in line. If a boat caught lip, end 
touched the boat in front of it, that boat was sakl 
to have " made a bump," and accordingly the 
next day, took precedence upon the river. 

College men and their guests watched the 
races from the various College barges moored 
along the river bank. Most solid and comfort- 
able craft these, with chairs upon the decks, and 
elaborate arrangements for tea " below." How- 
ever they were scorned by the genuinely en- 
thusiastic undei graduates, who preferred to tear 
aiong the towing path attired in a picturesque 
COSturrie of "Shorts," running shoes and an 
upper garment, in most cases boldly stiiped. 

The runners shouted through megaphone?, 
fired off pisto!s, and made a hideous din with 
specially constructed rattles, for the encourage- 
ment of their particular boats' crews. The 
miscellaneous crowd upon the bank cheered 
lustily as the boats shot by " House ! House ! 
(Christ Church) " Magdalen " or " Univ." The 
barges and the meadows round about took up 
the cry. 

After the race " Bumps " were recorded upon 
race cards, incidents and chance; discussed. 
Ladies descended from the barges to scroll 
about the pleasant paths of Christ Church 
meadows, where the chestnuts, the lilac, the 
laburnum and the may, b th red and white, were 
in full bloom, 

The grey spires of Oxford stood out against 
the pale blue sky, and often the air was shaken 
with the sweet sound of bells. After all, the 
Christ Church boat remained head of the river, 
and the "Cox," according to custom, flourished 
proudly with an enormous blue and white posy, 
causing the defeated Magdalen lilies to hang their 
diminished heads. Also, according to custom, all 
Christ Church men worth their salt, fl ng them- 
selves into the river and swam across, to demon- 
strate their satisfaction before hastening to pre- 
pare themselves for the crowning Event of the week, 
the Bump Supper, and " Rag " to follow. The 
Bump Supper may be weighed down by many 
speeches, but the " Rag " is certain to be delight- 
fully destructive, to include the burning of College 
furniture, and the breaking of windows. 

Meanwhile Christ Church is at its best, as the 
light fades fast over i:s broad green meadows, 
and a thin mist fro:n the river makes dim and 
beautiful the line of its buildings. Evening in- 
creases the glamour of Oxford tenfold. Tom Quad 
becomes wide and mysterious, empty, but for an 
occasional daik fleeting; silent, but for an echoing 
footfall now and again upon its cloisters' stones. 

Peckvvater Quad is full of flowers, for the 
window boxes have been freshly filled for Eights 
Week. The windows show a light here and 
there, and sounds of revelry are to be heard. A 
dinner party collecting in somebody's rooms, or 
a grainaphone. Once outside the gates, the 
" High " presents a scene of some animation. It 
seems full of bicycles, jingling hansoms and 
motors; of boys riding, boys running b ire headed, 
with books under iheir arms, and hastily donned 
gowns. Near St. Mary's Church a proctor 
is prowling about maliciously. The shop 
windows are lighted up. There are bookshop? 
with their seductive rows of volume* - , some di es ed 
in lovely ralf or leather, som - : set open to afford 
a glimpse of the delights within. Tnere 
are shop windows which mir.or the under- 
graduate taste of the moment ; which dis- 
play green dressing gowns with purple 
spots, "Rose du Bari " and "nat.;ier blue" 
socks and notably, as quite the latest thing, 
orange silk handkerchiefs, decorated with mauve 
elephants. 

Beside Magdalen Bridge the willows dip into 
the slow moving water. From here may be seen 
one of the colleges for women students. St. Hilda's 
Hall. Very quirt, wry self-contained, set in a 
beautiful old garden. The flower {cents float 
across the water. \ girl is sitting on the river 
wall, a large book upon her knee and her finger 
between the leaves. She wears glasses, and Iter 
hair is a little untidy. Women students take 
themselves too sciiously. People pass continual- 
ly to and fro upon the bridge, just as they did 
when Shelley was an undergraduate at Oxford. 
It was here that Shellevonce met a woman with a 



two months' old baby in her arms. Shelley seized 
the child, much to the horror of the mother, 
who made sure that he intended to fling 
it over the parapet of the bridge, into 
the water. B t Shelley gazed eagerly into 
the child's face. " Madam," he said at last 
" what can your baby tell us about a former 
existence?'' "Good gracious, Sir," said the 
bewildered woman, " he can't talk at all, he's 
enly two months old ." " Oh," said Shelley, much 
disappointed, " and he needs must know so much," 
and he returned the baby to its mother. 

Its Chancellor, Lord Cuizon, has schemes for 
the reform of the university. Agitators of all 
kinds seize upon its imperfections, and hold its 
antiquated methods up to scorn. Budding labour 
members from Ruskin College go scowling through 
the streets, Rhodes Scholars and Women Students 
surprise its venerable halls. These things have 
not affected the charm of Oxford a whit. With 
its lawns and its grey stones, its gardens, its 
pomp? and ceremonies, its black and scarlet 
goivns, its soft blue atmosphere and its sweet bells 
it continues to exercise its old unique fascination. 
As the admiring American visitor j 11 it ly remarked. 
" Oxford is chock a block with refinement." 



OUR ST. PET hRS BURG LhTTER. 

St. Petersburg Tuesday, June 8, k>'Q. 
The Duma was turned into a bear garden on 
Saturday, under circumstances which seriously 
raise the question whether the clergy are not out 
of their proper sphere as members of a representa- 
tive assembly. The cause of the " disgraceful 
row which surpassed anything of the kind to be 
seen in any pothouse in the slums " (for the suffi- 
cient reason that the police would quickly nip in 
the bud any growing excitement in such places) 
was, as usual, the utter inability of the Rights to 
understand what is meant by " respect for the 
chair," and the immediate occasion was some un- 
happy expression in a speech by Bishop i ulogius 
on the religious s-trife in Poland. The Bishop 
used a vulgar proverb in reference to the alleged 
proselytism of the Roman Catholics, to the effect 
that "the cat knows very well whose dinner she 
has stolen," and the vice-president, Baron 
Meyendorf, mildly requested the Bishop to avoid 
provocative language. Bishop Eulogius is a 
pillar of the Rights, and they immediately raised 
a storm of abuse against the acting president, the 
j language used getting so foul that the shorthand 
'girls fled in dismay. The opposition, getting 
J equally excited, hurled back epithets upon the 
unseemly conduct of the Rights The chair *as 
j entirely unsiijmoried'during the din, and the only 
'thing left to be done was to bring the sitting to 
an end, which Baron Meyendorf did by leaving 
the chair. The row continued to increase and 
very nearly ended in fisticuffs: the public galle- 
ries were first cleaied, then even the journalists 
: were requested to vacate their places, and at last 
'the lights were turned out : still the din grew in 
I the semi darkness, and how it all ended no man 
'cle .rly understands. The Duma sat on Sunday to 
'makeup for its bad conducr, and the President, 
M. Khomiakov, spoke impressively on the 
subject, but gave offence by avoiding any 
singling out either of individuals or parties 
in ln's gen:ral rebuke Signeel protests against 
Khomiakov followed ! The Rights issued a 
signed protest agrinst any interference with a 
Bishop by a ' German," or as they said during 
j the row, by "a Lutheran polony," the fact being 
that Meyendorf is of the Russian Orthodox Faith 
Altogether the Duma behaved like a schoolboys 1 
j debating society, both during the unseemly row 
and in the child sh protests made afterwards, 
j The Rights, those " revolutionaries of the Right," 
as M, Khomuikov called them to the Emperor, 
are a mere handful in the Duma, anil if the rest 
of the metn'er; bad any respect for the chair 
COllId do little harm inside the walls of the Duma, 
whatever may be their power outside as leaders 
of the inll lentially supported Black Gang. 

M. Lopufchin's appeal against the verdict of 5 
years' penal servituele in exile to Siberia, passed 
.-•gainst him by a specially constituted court, has 
been upheld by the Court of Cassation, which 
reduced the sentence to one of" exile to residence 



in Siberia " with the consequences entailed there- 
by, but passed a resolution to submit the whole 
case to the Emperor. This shuffling off of respon- 
sibility upon the unfortunate monarch is a 
regrettable relic of the old regime, but in the 
present case it is supposed to mean an appeal for 
mercy. The consequence of the sentence now 
confirmed are that M. Lopukhin ceases to have 
any of the rights of a man except the right to 
breathe the air of Siberia and remain alive as 
best he can. His wife will share his exile, 
but she hai the right in law to divorce him ; 
he is no longer a " noble;'' he can never again 
hold any municipal or other public office : nor 
e en hive a vote for the smallest of local affairs : 
his signature is worthless, he can never again 
become ttustee, arbitrator, witness to legal 
documents, or even a schoolmaster — he no longer 
belongs to the body politic of Russia in any 
other capacity than as an individual who breathes 
and eats and presumably sleeps. If the Emperor 
" pardons " him, he will not go into exile, but 
his disabilities will remain in full force: to re- 
instate him in the place of even the humblest 
of Russians the Emperor must give an " act 
of oblivion " which has no' been done before 
except to prominent members of the Black Gang. 

There is a growing feeling—information on such 
points as the future movements of the Emperor is 
unobtainable from official circles in Russia — that 
there will be no visit to England this year. It is 
believed that the Emperor will leave England till 
next year when also the prolonged voyage in the 
Mediterranean is to be taken. Various reasons 
are given for this. One is the growing dis- 
satisfaction in influential circles with the practical 
working of the Anglo-Russian Convention, which 
the Powers of Germanism have never failed to 
attempt to undermine from the outset. Much is 
made of the utteiaices of the British Press on 
the subject of the proposed visit to Eng- 
land. It is remarked that while cerain organs 
exhaust themselves in extravagant at tides against 
the Emperor of Russia, those which should na- 
turally serve as a counter blast to these utterances 
remain obstinately silent ; moreover all the abuse of 
Russia comes from one or other, or several, of the 
pirties which put the present British Govern- 
ment in power. Under ordinary circumstances, 
Russians believe the Conservative Press of 
England would not be backward in exposing 
or contradicting the other s de, and their silence 
is therefore taken for a consent qualified only 
by considerations w ich have nothing to do 
with their feelings toward Russia. Another 
mistake is being made in the loudly trumpeted 
visit to London of some members of the Duma. 
Mutatis mutandis, it is every whit as absurd to 
suppose that rough places may be smoothed by a 
friendly reception of s >me members of the Duma 
in England as it was of Nicholas I. to Mip|>ose 
that war might be averted by giving audience to 
representative Quakers half a century ago. The 
Empeior will probably postpone his visit to 
England : in any case it is useless to speak of any 
programme until after the interview with the 
Kaiser in Finnish waters. 

The Neva ship-building yards have launched 
two steel vessels, of the ice breaker ty|>e, S|>ecially 
constructed to expl re the Arctic coasts of nor- 
thern Russia. These are the first ships of steel 
which will test the possibility of wintering amid 
the arctic ice. 

The magnificent network of canals which con- 
nects St. Petersburg with the Volga, the work of 
past ages, is to bf brought up to date by ex- 
tensive dredging oiwra'ions. The present depth 
to the main canal is adapted only for vessels 
drawing five feet of water : when the dredging is 
completed vessels drawing seven feet will be able 
to ply between the Volga and the Baltic. A 
special tLet of tugs has been ordered for this 
St 1 1 ice. Of the sixty sb am tugs ordered, a large 
'proportion go to the Yarrow Shipbuilding Co., 
j while the rest of the order is distributed among 
Sweden, Holland and Germany. 

Vitriol throwing is rot a common crime in 
Russia, but a singular ca^e occurred liere two 
days ago. The wife of a Russian Major- 
General lay in wail for the wife of a noted mer- 
chant and destroyed the sight of one eye besides 
ruinmg one side of her rival's face. She also did 



July 3, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. H?Mri*HJ|flrB!BHaH«&aW' 17 



considerable injury to her own beauty in the 
handling of the stuff. There was a still more 
regrettable case la r t year on t lie Nevsky, where 
an abandoned mistress met a bride as the newly- 
married pair left the Polish Church and took her 
revenge with fiendish cruelty. 

The best of the magnificent decorations of the 
square and houses on the occasion of the unveiling 
of the Monument to Alexan er III. were cleverly 
stolen after the ceremony by a couple of men who 
represented themselves to be in the service of the 
contractor. When the latter came next morning 
to remove his materials he found only bare poles 
and wooden framework ! 

A great sturgeon (Acipenser huso) taken in 
the Caspian last week weighed a ton and a half 
and yielded over three and a half hundredweight 
of caviare, worth on the spot about two hundred 
pounds sterling. 

The cholera has shown a sudden recrudescence 
of an alarming nature in St. Petersburg. After 
ten days without a new case, and when only two 
cases were left in hospital, suddenly came a score 
of cases, some deaths, and now the number in 
hospital is again twenty. 

St. Petersburg, Thursday, June ro. 
The all-engrossing subject of the day is the 
interpellation so long awaited on the doings of 
the Black Gang, whose representatives in the 
Duma are the " revolutionaries of the Right," 
I lie best known names being Purishkevich, the 
Duma's privileged " buffoon," Zamislovsky, the 
Secretary of the Duma, who distinguished him- 
self by using his official position to draw pay as 
member dining the Christmas recess when this 
was irregular, and Markov, the hero of the funny 
duel willi the late member Pergament. These 
leaders are supported by the Right, and the 
majority of the Moderate Rights, both of which 
parties consider themselves the upholders of order 
and that ultra-loyal attitude to the throne which 
finds expression in such curious ways and at such 
inopportune times botli in the Duma and outside 
it. 

The Black Gang has been an eyesore to all 
patriotic Russians for at least three years past. 
It was called into existence during the unhappy 
war with Japan, when the nation, unknowing 
what the war was about, showed a marked 
absence of sympathy with the authorities. In 
order to secure some popular shouting in favour 
of the war, men were hired at so much a head 
and unlimited vodka to parade the streets and 
shout as ordered, the results being told to the 
Emperor as outbursts of spontaneous loyalty. 
These processsions were led by police officials in 
mufti, and of course quickly distinguished them- 
selves by acts of hooliganism (the word hooli- 
ganism was lifted bodily from English to describe 
their proceedings in the streets). When the 
" revolution " began, the police continued their 
relations with these " hooligans," who were 
encouraged to " smash the students and all the 
tntelligcntia" They arose by means of the 
political police into quite an important body, not 
by their numbers, which are believed never to have 
exceeded a few thousands among the many millions 
of Russians, but by the high protection they always 
enjoyed. Whenever they had contrived to bring 
off an exceptionally atrocious piece of work, a 
pogrom or an assassination, their leaders sent 
round to a hundred centres all over Russia the text 
of a " loyal " telegram to the Emperor, which 
was then, by order, wired to St. Petersburg, and 
immediately brought under the Imperial notice. In 
the then condition of affairs such a move generally 
sufficed to save the backers of criminal deeds and 
the perpetrators themselves, from the punishment 
assigned to their acts by the law of the land. It 
grew to be thought an impossibility that any 
judge should dare to bring to justice for murder 
or subornation of murder any member of the 
Black Gang at the moment when the society had 
just received the Imperial thanks for some specious- 
ly " loyal " address. That time has gone by, and 
the Duma has passed, on the motion of the Con- 
stitutional Democrats (" Cadets "), an interpella- 
tion to the Minister of Justice, referring specially 

to the assassinations of the member of the first j and entirely untouched by any 



mention countless other charges of a hardly less 
heinous kind. The interpellation comes at the 
fag end of the session, and the Minis'.er of Justice 
will not reply for some months to come in the 
ordinary course of things. 

The moderates in the Duma and in the press are 
disposed to reprehend the raising of this question 
of the Black Gang at the present juncture. But 
the powerful chiefs of this organisation, who have 
influence enough to stop the ordinary process of 
law and paralyse all efforts to bring assassins to 
justice, always take advantage of the Duma re 
cess to wake their following to new li e and it 
is feared that the Black Gang may gain a new 
lease of life if not scotched before the Duma 
rise<:. 

Now that the country has spoken out plainly 
upon the question, it is unlikely that the real 
leaders will be too conspicuously active for a 
while, though, of course, it is too much to hope 
that all the evidence produced by the Duma in 
support of their interpellation will make any 
real difference in the course ot justice. The 
Finnish Courts have been unable far three years 
past to get the Russian police to deliver up the 
assassins to the law, in the case of Herzenstein, 
and as to the murder of Jollos, the assassin fled 
abroad after murdering the agent provocateur 
who induced him, by false information and 
threats, to kill an innocent member of the Duma 
because he was a Jew. 

It would be useless to reprodu;e the powerful 
speeches made by the opposition in the Duma on 
tlvs occasion : suffice it to say that it was 
declared that t lie old regime had been reduced 
to maintaining itself in power by suborning 
assassination on the one l and, ;.nd mani- 
pulating bogus plots through Azeff and 
others of his kind, on the other hand. The 
fact that so much was said, and so frankly, 
is a most promising sign of the times. It is by 
throwing light into daik phces, even if the light 
be sometimes a little highly coloured, that the 
Duma is doing its best work: legislation for the 
realization of reforms so far only accep'ed in 
principle as a goal to work towards some happy 
day, will follow later on— perhaps in the fourth, 
fifth, maybe only in the tenth Duma. 

Among the reforms in the Russian Army is t he 
order just issued that Artillery will no longer 
carry the useless sword, but be armed with the 
cavalry rifle or revolver according to rank, the 
N.C.O.'s bearing the former and the privates the 
latter weapon, while both alike will also carry the 
curved dagger peculiar to the Caucasus auxiliaries. 
The Horse-Artillery, however, will still carry 
swords, but of the ordinary cavalry pattern. 

The criticism on the unfortunate monument to 
the late Emperor grows daily : so far as I can dis- 
cover the sculptor's attempt to produce an effect 
of massivity has not been appreciated in any 
circles, and I hear that there was some outspoken 
disapproval expressed in very august circles on 
the way home again after the ceremony of un- 
veiling. The artist has caused to be published a 
sketch of his design for the immediate surround- 
ings of the statue, which show that it was intend- 
ed to be placed on about an acre of ground of a 
gradually sloping shape, and of considerable 
height. But even the sketch fails to disguise the 
solid properties of either horse or rider. Is 
Russia going to pay for the loss of the autocracy 
by a decline in the arts, which, history has al- 
ways proved, flourish best under the patronage 
of irresponsible power, whether that of a despot 
or of a Church ? 

Besides the suddenly increased number of 
cholera cases, it turns out that there are a still 
greater number of persons brought to the hos- 
pitals every day with suspicious symptoms, and 
these persons do not necessarily appear in the 
returns. There are now 34 cholera cases in 
hospital and the deaths are increasing. The 
already closed special hospital barracks have 
been in some cases reopened, an evident sign 
that worse is anticipated. The outbreak is 
attributed to the river population who, with the 
opening of navigation, swarm upon the Neva, 
living in circumstances which are indescribable, 

sanitary laws in 



supervision, but no official measures in the world 
can prevent the river-folk from drinking the 
undiluted and unfiltered Neva water, which they 
themselves assist to poison. 

The Russo-English Chamber of Commerce has 
organised yet another department, that of Agricul- 
ture, which will deal specially with all the manifold 
questions arising out of the growing of bread-stuffs 
and — an even more complicated matter — the 
trading in grain. 

Two St. Petersburg newspapers have been fined 
thirty pounds sterling a piece for making reference 
to the forthcoming journey abroad of the Emperor. 
It is officially allowed that there will be a visit to 
England, but doubts still exist regarding the visit 
to Italy this year. 

The " Catholikos " of the Armenians isat present 
in St. Petersburg, his visit being connected, it is 
believed, with recent events in Turkey and Asia 
Minor. 



Duma, Herzenstein, in Finland, and the member j practice. Measures are being taken to bring 



of the second Duma, Jollos, in Moscow, not to this irresponsible population under some sort of 



St. Petersburg, Saturday, June 12, 1909. 
The Imperial Press Conference in London 
receives the warm approval of Russia, which sees 
in the union of Greater Britain the most important 
factor in the world's history to-day for the peace 
of the future. " If England," says the Novoe 
Vrei/u'a, " notwithstanding the vacillation in her 
colonial policy of the past has risen to that height 
of power at which which she stands to-day, are 
we not right to ask ourselves what radiant future 
awaits her now that she is drawing tighter t"e 
ties of blood and friendship with all those millions 
of Englishmen who are scattered here and there 
about the globe, but always in compact masses, 
patriots and Englishmen ? England has always 
been a powerful factor in international politics : 
her present policy will make her stronger than 
ever before." 

The telling speeches uttered by leaders of 
thought at the Conference have been reproduced 
at considerable length in Russia, and their tone 
is welcomed, for Russia looks forward hopefully 
to the dawn of a firm alliance with the great sea- 
power. 

It is a little difficult to see precisely why a few 
members of the Duma should make a visit to 
London just now, but the invitation sent by a 
group of Members of Parliament has been pressed 
most perseveringly and some of Russia's leading 
public men have been unable to withstand the 
pressure put upon them. The visit is approved, 
more or less, in all quarters, once the rratter was 
raised, but serious doubts are still felt about the 
advisability of projecting any such visit until there 
should be more apparent justification for it. It 
must, however, be quite clearly understood from 
the outset that there is nothing whatever official 
about the visit : the Duma has nothing whatever 
to do with it, and all who go will do so only 
in a private capacity. The President of the Duma, 
Mr. Khomiakov, long held out against going on 
this visit but other leaders made their going 
conditional upon his own, and it having been 
duly ascertained that there would be no objection 
in the highest spheres, and that everything would 
be done to prevent the visit assuming anything 
like an official aspect, Mr. Khomiakov gave way. 
If any good is to come of the visit, from the 
Russian point of view, English well-wishers would 
be wise to avoid any references to the internal 
state of Russia or the strife of parties. The 
Russian visitors have solemnly agreed together 
to eschew politics altogether and travel as private 
citizens. It is to be hoped they will not be too 
much pressed to leave the path of safety while in 
free-spoken England. 

The Duma fhrshed with the Budget finally last 
night, when the estimates for the current year 1909 
were done with. By reducing here and there, the 
anticipated deficit of sixteen millions sterling has 
been brought down to thirteen and a half millions 
sterling, and an intimation has been made that in 
future the Budget Committee of the Duma will 
look much closely than on this occasion into 
certain curious items under such headings as 
" conditional votes." 

Ominous reports are coming in from various 
agricutural centres as to the harvest prospects. I 
understand that in the bulk the harvest is not 
expected to be a bad one, but from certain not 
unimportant grain growing regions the news is 



1 8 ffi»*S*Hfl1»BJBH«»ttttaiij THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



unpromising. Owing to the very late spring, 
crops which at this time should be six inches or 
more above ground ore not yet even visible, 
and in some cases have undoubtedly perished 
altogether owing to unseasonable frosts after i lie 
disappearance of the snow. Russia is so vast, and 
her grain-growing regions so widely dispersed 
that it is unsafe to generalise even from the worst 
news, but for the population of the affected regions 
the question is a serious one, owing to inadequate 
traffic facilities all over Russia. 

The recrudescence of cholera in Petersburg has 
shown that practically nothing has been done by 
the municipality to better the sanitation of the 
city. The water-supply is still drawn direct from 
the Neva, in some cases the intake is down stream 
from the outflow of the sewage, and in no case is 
the attempt at filtration anything more than an 
unscientific pretence. Moreover, now that it has 
become necessary to expend large quantities of 
water on laying the dust in the streets, a consider- 
able proportion of unfiltered Neva-water is 
deliberately poured through the mains which are 
supposed to supply filtered water. The river and 
the numerous canals are covered with barges and 
boats, each with a little population of its own 
living entirely on the water. Around th* main 
f&t ike of lbs water-supoly a large number of 
barges have a prescript ive right to stand at an- 
chor, and they are enforcing it against all the 
laws of sanitary caution or even ordinary com- 
mon sense. But perhaps the most extraordinary 
detail that has come to light is the fact tint 
several of the cholera-hospitals discharge their 
refuse unsterilised direct into the common drains, 
and so into the Neva ! One such has been closed 
by the municipality when it was proved to them 
that the drains of the hospital were simply carry- 
ing the deadly vibriors broadcas f . Yet the deaths 
for the past ten days do not exceed three per diem, 
though it is noticeable that the recoveries are 
decreasing, and a new category of "suspects" 
has been introduced into the returns. The hot 
weather is upon us and St. Petersburg is fueling 
uncomfortable once more. 

Interesting archaeological discoveries have been 
made in the Russian Far East. Sixty miles 
above Nikolaevsk on the Amur River, exist con 
siderable remains of an ancient Chinese town of 
importance which tradition says was destroyed by 
the Manchus in the sixteenth century. Old 
coins, pottery and bronze vessels are continually 
turned up, and an attempt is to be made by a 
local archaeological society to thoroughly invest- 
igate the site. It is not impossible that Chinese 
towns destroyed so long ago may contain treas- 
ures of learning for the Western world, part of 
the booty of those ancient hordes that overran the 
civilisation of the West and carried away so much 
of its spoils without understanding their value. 

Heavy storms of rain have occurred in several 
parts of central Russia, causing much damage. 
Moscow city was several feet under water for 
some hours in the lower levels, and tramways 
and electric lighting were temporarily stopped. 
In g >me cases the pressure of water was so great 
as to f^rce in the plate glass shop-fronts. At- 
mospherically the current year, in Russia at any 
rate, appears to be abnormal, and, as usual, the 
common people are already noting the meaning 
of these " signs and wonders": the prevalent 
interpretation is that another " hunger-year " is 
at hand. 

. Among the new taxes imposed with the assent 
of the Duma is one on tobacco — the lower quali- 
ties pay now much more in proportion to the 
impost on the higher qualities — and on cigarette 
papers. The last is a peculiarly vexatious tax, as 
it compels the dealer to stick a revenue stamp 
band upon every packet of papers, the result being 
an increase of twenty -five per cent, to the buyer. 
It is rumoured that the Ministry of Commerce 
contemplates raising the duties on agricultural 
machinery, or imposing duties where these have 
recently been remitted. The opinion of influen- 
tial agricultural societies has been strongly ex- 
pressed against any such change in the price of 
the most necessary implements of labour to all 
Russia. 

A supp lement to the next number of the R.N. 
will deal with the forthcoming visit to ling- 
land of noteworthy Russians. For this number 



the President of the Duma, M. Khomiakov, has 
kindty promised to give a special signed interview 
dealing with the results of the past Session of the 
Duma and the general situation of constitution- 
alism in Russia after eighteen months' parliament- 
ary work. 



COS! Ob EDUCATION AND COSl OF WAR. 



When the Turkish soldiers in Asia Minor rack 
and burn the schools, we are all horrified at their 
sad lack of civilization, but a French writer 
comes foiwardto remind us just at this time that 
the so-called civilized nations are robbing 
the schools to support their sold ers, which 
comes to about the s.mie thing. If a man spent 
five times as much for guns as for his children's 
schooling he would be considered a lunatic or a 
desperado, yet it appears that is precisely what 
the Powers of Europe are doing. The Paris 
review, Mon Dimanche, says : 

" France spends about five times as much on 
her Army as she does on the intellectual training 
of her children. Germany gives to educational 
purposes one-third of the amount she devotes to 
military purposes. In Austria and Russia the 
proportion between school and caserne expenditure 
is as two to nine. Italy spends upon her Army nir.e 
times as much as she devotes to public education. 
Belgium is exemplary in that her military and 
education budget stand as e'ght to four. 
The only exception to this rule of oriority 
in military expenditure is Switzerland, which 
devotes twice as much to the education of her 
children as she lays out on the purchase of 
powder and shot and the pay of her defenders." 
— Literary Digest. 

VANCOUVER AND SEATTLE. 



THEIR RESPECTIVE MERITS AS PORTS. 

D scussing the respective meii's of Vancouver 
and Svatih for big ocean going vessels, Mr. J. J. 
Hill remarked to the representative of a Seattle 
piper tl-at " Vancouver possesses many advan- 
tages under the British fhg which American ships 
do rot enjoy. Nevertheless the terminal of the 
Great Northern steamers will not be at Vancouver. 
How could the Minnesota, for example, run up 
False Creek, Vancouver? And even if it did, how 
could it get out of it ? We are making big 
improvements at Vancouver, but what advantages 
these terminals give us rexain for the future to 
determine, not for to day. It is traffic that places 
a value on such properties, not a mere announce- 
ment. We are seriously handicap] e J on 
account of the competition resulting from labour 
with which we cannot compete, yet I believe 
that Seattle will remain the home port of the 
Minnesota. Of course, we would like to see 
heavier tianspacific shipments than we enjoy 
at present, for our heaviest shipments are cotton, 
which does not offer a continuous haul, rather 
coming in brief season,, which lequires special, 
not regular traffic." 



THE WONDERS OF DENTISTRY. 



According to a Chicago despatch to the San 
Francisco Chronicle, the child with poor teeth 
will become the murderer, burglar or detective 
cf the future. 

"The embryo criminal mny be changed into a 
preacher or great civic teacher by a simple denial 
operation. The teeth of childien charged wiih 
ciinie should be examined by an expeii. and if 
found defective they should be put in- dr^t-class 
order by (he State." 

So declared Dr. Henry J. Jaulusz, a dentist of 
Pittsburg, now in Chicago for the purpose of 
studying the teeth of youthful offenders at 
Bridewell and the deficient children of schools. 
Dr. Jaulusz says he can look at the teeth of a 
child and tell instantly what his criminal tend- 
encies are, if any exist. He further makes this 
remarkable declaration : — 

After numerous tests I am convinced that it is 
more important to look after a child's teeth than to 
send him 10 Sunday-school or a reformatory. 

Controveisalists on the subject of Sunday 
school entertainment will doubtless take note of 
the worthy doctor's concluding dictum. 



THE S.S. "MINNESOTA: 



BREAKS A PROPELLER BUT KEEPS SCHEDULE TIME. 

When t' ; e Great Noithern Steamship Com- 
pany's big liner Minnesota, Capt. Charles Austin, 
steamed into her berth at Smith Cove wharf, at an 
early hour yesterday morning, says the Seattle 
Post of June 6;h, she had completed her 
eighteenth round tup voyage between Seattle and 
the Orient, and a passage that will be recalled 
in marine circles as one of the memorable 
incidents of Pacific marine history. Covering 
1,700 miles, or nearly one-half the distance 
from Yokohama. Japan, with but a single pro- 
peller, the vessel was brought in less than three 
hours behind her schedule, acd with a large and 
happy passenger list. Confirming wireless mes- 
sages that had preceded the steamer's arrival, 
the damage that it was feared might result 
in some delay consisted alone of the broken port 
tail shaft. The big propeller was supported from 
the after rail by big anchor cables, showing how 
great was the obstacle against which the vessel 
had to contend. Marine Superintendent Lacey 
had not completed plans for docking the ship for 
repairs, owing to inability to secure a definite 
date for the use of the government dock at the 
navy yard, Puget sonn L ' It it expected that such 
pi ins will soon be srranged and the work com- 
pleted to permit the Minnesota s sailing on her 
regular schedule dale, June 19 No explanation of 
Lire breaking cf the tadshaft could be given yester- 
day, nor will one be attempted until the steamer 
has hem dry docked and an examination Made. 
Persons familiar with the obstacles overcome by 
Capt. Austin a"d his engineers in bringing the 
liner in approximately cn time consider the 
accomplishment most remaikable. The break 
occuried at 4.40 o'clock on the morning of May 
29, seven days out from Yokohama, and a s|>eed 
had been mainta ned that promised to bring the 
Minnesota into port two diys ahead cf her sched- 
ule. So quickly was the situation handled by the 
engine room officers that the engines were cut off 
from the useless propeller shaft and the big screw 
made fast with chains before any of the passengers 
were aware that an accident had happened. 
Officers of the Minnaota descril>e the voyage, 
outside the accident to the machinery, as one of 
the rrost satisfactory in the history of the big liner. 

YACHTING. 

The usual races of the Yokohama Yacht Club 
were held on June 26, though not under very 
favourable conditions of wind or weather. The 
light south easterly breeze which prevailed in the 
earlier part of the day failed as the afternoon 
wore on, and rain fell more or less continuously 
from three o'clock onwards. 

hive of the larger vessels sailed over the Widow 
Buoy course of 9 4 miles, Alary winning easily 
from Maid Marion, Naniica and Asagao a long 
way behind. Cygnet gave up quite early in the 
race. 

Eight 22-raters — Edna, Fele, ]\ insome, Sun- 
beam, I'alkyrien, Elsa, W'indsfiel and Kathleen 
— sailed over the Mandarin Bluff Lightship Course 
of 5 9 miles. 11 ' insome kept the lead from start 
to finish, Elsa and Fele finishing second and third. 

As many as twelve of the Lark Class started, 
but only half of the number finished — No. 7, 
sidled by Mr. N. Brockhurst, first; No. 12, 
second ; No 14, third. 



THE O.SK. OBJECTS TO I AY. 



On June 29, theO^aka Shosen Kaisha appealed 
for the setting aside of an execution levied on 
certain of its property under a judgment obtained 
against it by Mr. E. Appenzeller and four others, 
residing at Lancaster, Pa., U.S.A. It appears 
that the parties named sued the O.S. K. for com- 
pensation for the death of their father, who was 
drowned in June, iqo j, when the Kumagaiva Matu 
collided with the Kiso Afaru. After three trials, 
in the local court, the Court of Appeal, and the 
Supreme Court, judgment was finally rendered in 
favour of the plaintiffs, who were awarded yen 
40,000 damages. Certain movable property of 
the O S.K. was thereupon attached and the object 
of the present suit is to nullify such attachment. 



July 3, 1909. | 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. nn \t3L*nn fl? H X^mmmMrf I? 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



ADMIRAL 



LAMBTON AND 
AGITATION. 



THE NAVAL 



(To the Editor of the " Japan Mail.") 
Sir, — The honour of the Admiral approved by 
the King to command the British Fleet in the 
China Seas cannot be a matter of indifference to 
His Most Giacious Majesty's loyal subjects 
residing in the Far East. Therefore I trust you will 
be able to find space to publish the subjoined 
Memorandum, vvhicn I have felt it my duty to 
issue. 

Your obedient servant, 

H. LAMBTON. 

Memorandum. 

To the Commodore, (lie respective Captains, and 
all concerned on the China Station. 

I h ive the honour lo draw the attention of the 
Captains. Officers and Ships' Companies to the 
following question and answer in t he House of Com- 
mons on May 1 th, which enabled the Admiralty to 
accede promptly, jusily, and honourably to my tele- 
graphic request ot May 71b that my honour should 
be publicly vindicated : — 

"Mr. Brooke (L., Tower Hamlets, Bow and 
Bromley) asked the First Loid of the Admiralty 
whether, having regard to the statements alleged to 
have been quoted from a piivate letter of three 
years ago to the First Sea Loid, the Admiralty have 
ever regarded Vice- Admiral Sir Hedworth Lambton 
as an agitator in the Naval Service." 

"Mr. McKenna re; lied that the Admiralty have 
never regarded Admiral Lambton as an agitator. 
His record is most distinguished, and the high appre- 
ciation in which his service-:, both in peace and war, 
have been held by successive Boards is shown by his 
rapid advancement and long succession of important 
appointments. No statement in the private letter 
can be reasonably in'erpreted as an allegation that 
Admiral Lambton was an agitator." 

The Times newspaper repoited Sir George 
Armstrong's speech concerning Capital Bacon's 
letter to Sir John Fisher containing the offensive 
phrase I objected to, v z : — " Service agitation head- 
ed by Lord Charles Beresford and Admiral 
Lambton," and also published Mr. McKenni's 
explanations in the House of Commons on the 
subject, but for teasons best known to itself, 
although the matter is of gieit interest to all those 
who cherish respect for the time honoured traditions 
of the Navy, has ommitted the above vindication of 
myself by the Admiralty. 

This unfortunate omission on the part of the Times, 
to which journal many people trust for their Parlia- 
mentary Intelligence, necessitates my issuing this 
Memorandum, which is to remain on the notice 
board of each vessel in the China Fleet for one week 
after teceipt on board. 

Hedwokth Lambton, 
V'ue-Adii iial and Commander-in-Chief. 

" King Alfred," at Wei-hm-wei, 
19th June, 1909. 

EDUCATIONAL ESTAI LISHMENTS IN 
YOKOHAMA. 

(To the Editor of the " Japan Mail.") 
Sir, — The subject of secular education for the 
youth of Yokohama having nnv beer broached by 
Mr. Clarence Griffin in his offensive tiiade on the 
Roman Catholic Mission, I should like to comment 
further. 

'.' The lack of good secular educational facilities has 
led to people being foiced to place their children in a 
school conducted by the Roman Catfi lie Mission, the 
children being confided to their cue, often with the 
expressed stipulation th..t no anti-Christian influ- 
ences shall be exercised over them." This attfi- 
Christian influence has been shown to be a myth of 
an over-imaginative brain, and might well be buiied 
in oblivion, but lor the fact of this same Sunday 
School gentleman's own conduct at the timeof the 
pioposed plans for the building of the new Unicn 
Chinch. All may not know what I mean or tefer to, 
but those that do will lecollect the very un-Chrisiian- 
hke spirit, and the consequent bad example lo the 
children <•( this Community, displayed by him on 
that occasion, culminating in his wishing to tesign 
his post as a Sundav School teacher. It would have 
been well for Mr. Griffin to have opened his Bible 
before throwing stones at the Roman Catholic 
Mission and read over that passage where the 
Pharisees of old wishing to have Mary Magdalene 
stoned, Jesus said unto them: "Let him that is 
without sin cast the fi; st stone." 

Walking over the (Muff one is stuick by the im- 
posing and snbstan ial structures at No. 178, 212 
and elsewhere in the vicinity (No, 34 is offered for 
sale as nothing doing,) which are said to be devoted 



to the eduction of youth. These are vety large 
establishments, ihev have their quota of teachers — 
missionaries to be sure — but are they teachers in the 
true sense of the word ? Mr. Griffin says, they are 
not, and children cannot be sent to them to be 
educated. What then are these large buildings used 
for and what are so many missionaries of both sexes 
housed for ? It would be interesting to know, perhaps 
as Mr. Ballagh says — it would be "a marvel" of 
levelations. What are all these missionaries doing ? 
Itis a well-known and accepted fact that a great many 
(not all) of the missionaries out in these parts aie out 
here simply because j! is the " softest job " they could 
find, and not because they have the qualifications 
for the woik that they pretend to undeitake. They 
are far and away better off out here than they 
would or could ever be at home They are 
well housed, well fed, have their retinue of ser- 
vants, and many other things that members 
of their congregation have to sweat hard day 
after day to tty and have. They are s rely 
following the teaching of Christ in their own fashion. 
" Leave all things and follow me." They leave all 
things they don't lelish, and do not follow the spirit 
of the Bible. If they did, would they accumulate 
the wealth they do? Would Mr. Ballagh be as 
wealthy as he is reputed to be ? Would he own so 
much land and so many houses on the Bluff and 
elsewhere? Might not the Jap inese Govem- 

i ment be asked to take away his p-rpetu.il 
leases because he is not fulfilling the duties 
of a real missionaiy ? Is this following the 
teaching if Christ, "Lay not up for youiselves 
treasures on earth where the rust and moth doth 
corrupt." Would the missionaries have the where- 
withal to pass the summer months up in the health 
resorts of Japan, to say nothing of the money ex- 
pended on trips home, if they were true followers of 
Clnist, te iching the faithful both by woid and ex- 
ample ? Is this leaving all to follow the Master? In 
one sense it is. They lea ve their flock behind to swelter 
in the burning heat of the summc, they leave the 
sick and poor and needy to care for themselves, 
they even leave the dead to buiy the dead," as i 
has been known on more than one occasion that a 
member of their flook has died and it has been 
found necessary lo send up into the pleasuie resorts 
of Japan to fetch the missionary down to attend the 
last sacred 1 ite -. Why should these dolce-far-niente 
followers of Christ leave the heat of the town 
and bask in the freshness of the mountains 
and seaside? What i-; the strenuous nature of their 
work that calls for such respite an<1 relaxation ? 
Perhaps they will answer me from the Bible while 
sitting on a mountain at Karuizawa or elsewhere, 
" Lord, it is good for us to be here, let us build 
three tabernacles." Is this showing a Christian 
spirit, deseiling their Chinches -and their Go.l for 
their own enjoyment and pastime ? Do the Roman 
Catholic missionaries rest in this fashion ? Have 

j not the^e mission ries six days in the week to rest, 
to say nothing of the sacred seventh, as Mr. Ballagh 
styles it, without fleeing fiom the town as from the 
pest. Tiuly again in the words of Mi. Ballagh, it is 
"a. maivel." Kir. Ballagh s.iys he was " stirred." It 
looks as if stirring were neces aiy in the atmosphere 
in which he moves. 

Bu lam straying from my subject, secular edu- 
cational establishments in Yokohama. Might not 
the Board of Missions at home send out a real live 
inspector to look over these paits and see for them- 
selves how well housed, fed and caied for these 
/5<w missionaries aie? to see the extreme poverty 
ir< which they live ! to see the struggling missions that 
are so much in need of funds to help build churches 
and schools! to see the so-called uneducated 
heathen being educated by paities whose own 
education is so sadly lacking, uh se knowledge of 
their ow n language and grammar leaves so much to 
be desiied. Perhaps then the B'aid of Missions 
would u iiise all tins wasted money in paying the 
salaries of able teichers, who would by their 
untiling zeal and devotion show cause why they 
required such I >rge establishments, to accom- 
modate the chdehen who would rto< k to them 
to be educated in a thorough up-to-date manner, as 
only now the Rom m Catholic Mission is acknow- 
ledged to he doing. The Roman Catholic Mission 
too h s laige and fine buildings and properties, but 
the money received is devoted to these same 
hrstiuiiians and not to private hoarding by any of the 
individual members of the Mission. 

Yours faithfully, G. CLIFFORD HADDEN. 

MR, CLARENCE GRIFFIN'S LETTER RE THE 
SUNDAY ENTERTAINMENT AT THE 
ROMAN CATHOLIC SCHOOL. 

(To the Editor of the "Japan Mail.") 
Sir.— 

" Alas ! for the rarity 
Of Christian chanty 
Under the sun ! " 
sang poor Tom Hood in the first half of the 19th 



century, and tiuly his words appear to fit as well 
utterances of some in the fiist half of the 2o:h ! 

We are all aware th t if the votaiies of the Roman 
Catholic religion conform to, and perform, their 
religious duties on Sunday morning accoiding to the 
tenets of their Church, they are free to devote the 
rest of the day lo innocent amusement. 

Therefore the parents of children attending their 
schools are fully cognisant of this, and are con- 
sequently under no obligation to make use of a 
Romafl Catholic educational institution to suit their 
own convenience, if they disapprove of their nrles 
and practices ; far less have they any right to dictate 
to, or threaten them with "open hostility" an ex- 
pression I quote from Mr. C. Griffin's letter, the whole 
tone of which is not only highly unbecoming to him 
as an individu d member of the community, but 
totally at variance with the creed of a true Christian, 
no matter of what denomination. 

I am not a Roman Catholic, nor have I 
any child at their schools, but I witnessed their 
first entertainment, and in (he performance of 
innoc»nt little children and sweet noting girls, I saw 
and heaid nothing which might not be said or 
done on a Sunday as well as on a Monday. In- 
deed, it was more edifying than many sermons wor- 
shippers are condemned to endure from the pulpit 
nolens volens. One item especially, sung in lisping 
tones by very young children entitled Watching for 
Pa evoked such a genuine encore from the adults 
present as proved it had gone straight to their heaits, 
which is more than can be said of many of the per- 
functory hymns of an oidinary Church service. 

The well known author and lecturer, Max O'Rell, 
relates in one of his books an anecdote which ap- 
pears to fit the subject admirably, and apologising 
for its length, I recommend it to the attention 01 Mr. 
Clarence Giiffin. 

Max O'Rell had been lecturing on the Scotch in a 
New Zealand town, and after the lecture was retiring 
to bed at his hotel, when the card of a Presbyterian 
minister was brought to him, with an urgent r- quest for 
an immediate in'erview. He was admitted with an 
apology for the lecturer's undress. I will continue 
the story in the author's own words. " There is 
nothing the matter with your dress," said my visitor ; 
" this is not an affair of the body, but of the s ul. 
I have come to pray for you : allow me to kneel ! " 
I was taken a little by surprise, and felt a trifle dis- 
countenanced, but I quickly regained composure. 
" Why, certainly "—I said, " with the gieatest 
pleasure, if it can make you happy." 

He knelt, put his elbows on the bed, buiied his 
head in his hands, and began, — 

" Lord, this man whom thou seeest near me is not 
a sinful man ; he is suffering from the evil of the 
century ; he has not been touched by Thy grace ; 
he is a stranger, come from a country where re- 
ligion is turned into ridicule. Grant that his travels 
through our godly lands may bring him into the 
narrow way that leads to eveilasting life" The 
prayer, most of which I q>aie )ou, lasted at least 
ten minute;. 

When he had finished, my visitor rose and held 
out his hand. I shook it. 

" And now " said I, " allow me to pray for you in 
my turn." He signified consent by a movement of 
his head. 

I did not go on my knees, but with all the fervour 
that is in me, 1 said. 

"Lord, this man whom Thou seest beside me is 
not a sinful man. Have mercy upon him, for he is 
a Pharisee who doubts rrot for a moment, without 
knowing me, that he is better than I. Thou wlvo 
hai-t sent in vain Thy Son on earth to cast out the 
Pharisees, let Thy grace descend upon this one ; 
teach him that the foremost Christian virtue is 
charity (the italics are mine) and that the greatest 
charity is that which teaches us that we aie no better 
than our brethren. This man is blinded by piide ; 
convince him, open his eyes, pity him and forgive 
him, even as I also forgive him Amen." 

1 looked at my good I'resbyterian. He was 
rooted to the floor, amazement written on his 
face. I once more took his hand and shook it. 
"And now," said f, ' we are qrrits. Goodnight." 
He went away somewhat abashed, pocketing the mild 
teproof as modestly as he could." . . . 

Perhaps Mr. Clarence Giiffin may require some- 
thing stronger that the above. 

If so, I lecommed him to take a volume of Hood's 
Poems, and read therein the "Ode to Rae Wilson," 
which was addressed to such a "Christian" as he 
evidently is ; and that he may profit by its peuisal is 
the fer vent wish of 

Yours, etc., 

A CHRISTIAN WITHOUT A CREED. 

June 23rd. 

A DISCLAIMER FROM DR. MORRISON. 

(To the Editor of the "Japan Mail.") 
Sir,— -I ask leave to correct some of the mis- 
statements regarding me which have been pntished 
by a certain section of the Japanese press on the 



» 



Htt*X*HJUB«H&igffi4»i2iir THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



occasion of my recent visit to Japan. Delay in 
writing is due to my having negiected to read the 
pnpers while on my journey. It is only since 1 
returned to Peking that I have realised the extent of 
the misrepresentation to which I have been subjected. 

Interviews have been published with me which are 
fict'tous. Statements have been attributed to me 
which I never thought of uttering. 

I am represented to have assured the Premier, the 
Marquis Katsura, that I disclaimed responsibility for 
certain messages sent to The Times from Peking 
regarding the Fakumen Railway and Japanese policy 
in Manchuria. The story is an invention. I dis- 
claimed and disclaim no such le^ponsibility. 

It is true that on the 26th January I left Peking to 
he present in Shanghai during the sitting of the Opium 
Commission and that I was absent until the 6th of 
March : it is true that in my absence two messages 
were sent to The Times from Peking The longer 
and more important of these messages made no 
refeience to the Fakumen Railway ; the other, which 
dealt with Russian action in Manchuria, contained an 
allusion to " the steady refusal of Japan to permit 
China to extend her own railway system for the develop- 
ment of the rich regions of Mongolia and Manchuria 
west of the Lino River. ' Both these messages were 
statements of lact, they weie sent by my friend and 
colleague and I accept full responsibility for them. 

I had the privilege of an interview with Couut 
Okuma and I found him, as on previous occasions, 
one of the most courtly and sympathetic of men. 
The story of his lecturing me upon my ignorance is 
a fabrication. 

I remain, Yours sincerely, 

G. E. MORRISON. 

Peking, June 17th, 1909. 



TELEGRAMS. 



(kkutek's sekvice.) 

OPPOSITION TO THE BUDGET. 

Loudon, June 24. 

The agitation with reference to the Bud- 
get continues unabated. A crowded non- 
partisan meeting has been held in the City. 
Mr. L. Rothschild presided, and among the 
prominent financiers present were Lord 
Avebury, Viscount Goschen, and Sir Felix j 
Schuster, Bt. Resolutions protesting ag dust 
the Government proposals were adopted. 

In response to an urgent whip, 250 Liber- 
al members of Parliament have held a 
Conference on the subject of the Budget, 
Mr. Haldane, Secretary of State for War, 
in the chair. An advisory committee was 
formed to further the passing of the Budget, 
and to conduct a campaign in its favour 
among the constituencies. 

ITALY AND THE TRIPLICE. 

STATEMENT OF THE FOREIGN MINISTER. 

Rome. — In the course of a debate in the 
Chamber, on the foreign estimates, Signor 
Tittoni contradicted as premature reports as 
to the renewal of the Triplice. He said the 
allies were animated by mutual confidence, 
but as to anticipating a renewal of the alli- 
ance, the question had not yet been 
dreamt of. 

GERMAN FINANCIAL DEADLOCK. 

London, June 25. 
The Reichstag has rejected by 105 votes 
to 187 the Death Duties l?ill which was the 
main plank of the Government's financial 
proposals. 

[The above Rill had already been rejected, even 
after modification, by the Finincc Committee of 
Hie Reichstag —Ed. /J/] 

SIR ROBERT HART. 

Sir E. Grey, in reply to Mr. William 
Redmond, said " I understand that Sir 
Robert Hart has applied to China for a year's 
extension of leave and I have thercfoie no 
intimation to give regarding the appointment 
of his successor." 

BIRTHDAY HONOURS. 

Five new Privy Councillors have been 
appointed, including the Premier of Cape 
Colony, Mr. J. X. Merriman. Twelve 
new baronetcies have been created and over 



thirty knighthoods. The last mentioned In- 
clude Mr. H. Beerboh in Tree and Mr. A. W. 
Pinero. 

Later. 

The Grand Cross of the Order of St. 
Michael and St. George has been conferred 
on Sir John Anderson, Governor of the 
Straits Settlements since 1904. 

[Sir John received his C. M G. in 1898 and his 
K. C M. G. in 1911.— En. / M] 

The Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, 

Military — has been bestowed on Sir 
Bindon Blood, Sir George Luck, Sir Alfred 
Gaselee, Sir John French and Sir G. 
O' Moore Creagli, v.c. 

Civil. — Sir Ernest Cassel. 

The following were made Companions of 
the order of St. Michael and St. George : 
Mr. Henry Conway Belfield, British Resi- 
dent at Selangor, Federated Malay States ; 
Mr. F. S. A. B )iirne, Assistant Judge of 
H.M. Supreme Court for China and Korea at 
Shanghai, and Judge of H.M. High Court 
at Wei-haiwei; Mr. W. R. D. Beckett, 
H.B.M. Consul at Bangkok, Siam. 

A Knight Commandership of the Bath 
(Civil) has been bestowed upon Sir John 
Jordan, H.B.M. Minister Plenipotentiary to 
to Peking. 

SEDITIOUS GREEKS. 

Later. 

Constantinople. — Shevket Pasha has been 
interviewed by Reuter. He warns the 
Greeks in Turkey of the danger of the game 
they are playing. The Government has 
learned that they are impoiting large 
quantities of rifles for seditious purposes. 
THE COMMONWEALTH. 

LORD KITCHENER IN DEMAND. 

Later. 

The Commonwealth Government has inti- 
mated to the Imperial Government that it 
desires to obtain Lord Kitchener's services to 
advise concerning the organization of the 
Australian forces. 

BIRTHDAY HONOURS. 

London, June 26. 

To the list of Birthday Honours the fol- 
lowing remain to be added : — 

Mr. R. S Paget, lately H.B.M. \s Minister 
to Siam, Knight-Commander of the Order 
of St. Michael and St. George ; Chief Rabbi 
Adler, Commander of the Victorian Order. 
Mr. L. C. Hopkins, lately Consul General 
at Tientsin, receives the Imperial Service 
Order. 

OPIUM DENS IN NORTH BORNEO. 
In reply to a question in the House it was 
stated that the Government has no cogniz- 
ance of the report that the North Borneo 
Government a*ked for tenders for farming 
out opium dens and gambling houses. 
Certainly nothing of the kind had been 
sanctioned. It was difficult, to decide how 
far the Imperial Government had power to 
prevent such licensing in Noith Borneo. 
THK IMPERIAL PRESS 
CONFERENCE. 
The Imperial Press Conference has 
resumed its sittings. The Chairman an- 
nounced that the Pacific Cable Company had 
I agreed to reduce its press rate from 
.Vancouver to Australia and New Zealand by 
j one half, provided the latter Governments 
■ were piepared to make concessions on their 
pait. 

WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY FOR THE EMPIRE. 

Later. 

Signor Marconi, speaking at the Confer- 
ence, intimated that by next August lie was 
prepared to establish wireless telegraphy 
stations connecting all parts of the Empire 
and involving greatly reduced rates. 



A NOTE OF GRAVITY. 

June 27. 

At the final meeting of the Press Con- 
ference, Lord Charles Beresford declared 
that the gravity which dominated the 
speeches of the statesmen at the Conference 
was due to the knowledge that the nation 
was unprepared. The colonial offers of 
Dreadnoughts amounted to the severest 
condemnation of the failure of the Imperial 
Authorities to provide for contingencies. 

THE KING RECEIVES MEMBERS 

OF THE DUMA. 
The King, receiving members of the Duma 
at Buckingham Palace, said that he followed 
the proceedings of the Duma with the deepest" 
interest and that he hoped to revisit Russia 
at any early date. 

THE FINANCIAL CRISIS IN 
GERMANY. 

The Reichstag has adopted the tea and 
coffee duties. 

Prince Buelow has gone to Kiel to report 
to the Kaiser on the political situation 

An inspired statement declares that Huelow 
j will neither resign nor dissolve the Reichstag, 
but will pursue a waiting policy. The 
Koelnische Zeitung describes the situation as 
shameful and humiliating to the Empire. 
The press generally demands an appeal to the 
country against a Conservative and Central 
dictatorship. 

PRINCE BUELOW'S RESIGNATION. 

DEFERRED BY THE KAISER. 

London, June 28. 
It is semi-offlcially admitted that Prince 
Buelow has asked the Kaiser to be allowed 
to resign. The Kaiser, however, refused to 
accept the resignation until Buelow's 
financial and labour reform schemes have 
evolved some positive result acceptable to 
the Federal Government. An inspired 
statement has been issued to the effect that 
Buelow is determined to resign immediately 
on the passing of his financial reform 
proposals. 

RUSSIAN AND SWEDISH 
ROYALTIES. 

Later. 

The Tsar and Tsarina are at Stockholm. 
They exchanged cordial toasts with the 
King, emphasizing the ties of friendliness 
and of good lelations exiting between the 
two countries. 

TRAGEDY AT STOCKHOLM. 
A workman at Stockholm killed with a 
'revolver General Beekman, ol the coast 

I • • • 

artillery, anil then committed suicide. 
CHINA AND THE U S. 

London, June 28. 
Washington. — China has yielded to the 
United States demand for recognition in 
awarding the Hankow-Szchuan loan. 

"FRANCO ITALIAN BROTHERHOOD 
IN ARMS." 

CELEBRATION OF SOLFERINO. 
Paiis. — The battle ol Solferino was cele- 
brated at the S01 bonne yesteiday. General 
Picquart, who presided as representative ol 
the G kveruiuent, recalled the " unbreakable 
Franco-Italian brotherhood in arms." He 
was convinced that the future would not 
separate Fiance and Italy who were sisters 
by race and genius. 

iSolfeiino was one (if liie Emperor Napoleon HL'l 
victories over die Ausmms in Northern lialy in 
the war of 1859— ED /..'/.) 

WELLMAN POLAR EXPEDITION. 

ANOTHER SERIOUS SETBACK. 

London, June 29. 
Mr. Walter Wellman's balloon shed in 



July 3, 1909.J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



Spitzbergen has been blown down in a gale. 
A start in 1909 is doubtful. 

[This is the third ywr (hat an accident has pre- 
vented a fair trial of Mr. Wellman's plan for reach- 
ing the Pole.— Ed /./If} 

THE STRIKE AT MARSEILLES. 

The strike of naval reservists at Marseilles 
has terminated, and the running ol the mail 
boats has been resumed 

THE CRETAN QUESTION. 

Strained relations between turkey 
and greece. 

London, June 29. 

Telegrams from Salonika say that the 
Turks are actively making military prepara- 
tions for new eventualities in Crete. The 
reserves are mobilizing. The Greek troops 
on the frontier have been ordered to 
avoid collision with the Turks. The Grand 
Vizier interviewed at Constantinople said 
that no possible sum of money could buy 
Crete from Turkey. 

THE STATE OF THE HOME FLEET. 

RESULT OF THE ENQUIRY. 

London, June 29. 
The Daily Mail understands that the 
finding of the investigation committee ap- 
pointed by the Government to enquire inlo 
the preparedness of the Home Fleet entirely 
justifies the Admiralty. 

[The question arose out of a statement made by 
Lord C. Heresford on April 23rd, and the matter 
was referred to a sub-council of the Imperial 
Defence Committer, with the result above stated. 

It is doubtful whether the report will be 
published. 

PRINCE BUELOW. 
It is expected in Berlin that Prince Buelow 
will resign within a fortnight. 

THE PORTE'S WARNING TO THE 
POWERS. 

London, June 30. 
The Porte has instructed its ambassadors 
to inform the Powers that it has never 
ceased to protest against the concessions 
made to the Cretans under existing arrange- 
ments. It warns the Powers that it will be 
unable to accept any proposals recognizing 
Greece as having even an indirect interest 
in Cretan affairs. 

THE LABOURITES AND THE TSAR. 

PROTEST FROM M. HOMIAKOFF. 

Later. 

M. Homiakoff, President of the Duma 
and leader of the members of that body 
now visiting England, has publicly protested 
against the English Labourites' offensive 
denunciations of the visit of the Tsar to Eng- 
land. He expresses the hope that they do 
not represent the opinion of the English 
people. 

(HV SPKCIAI. AltKANGKMKNT WITH I'll K 

"Tokyo Asaiii Siumkiw.") 
CAPITAL IN ARMS AGAINST 
THE BUDGET. 

London, June 24. 
A great meeting of representative city 
men, the Hon. Lionel Rothschild presiding, 
has condemned the Government's land 
taxation proposals as vicious, and has adopt- 
ed a resolution to the effect that the pro- 
posed heavy Budget charges on capital and 
income would discourage enterprise and 
thrift and injure commerce. The Times 
charges the Government with endeavouring 
to provide machinery for an unlimited coiit 
fiscation of private property. 
NEW ELECTORAL LAW IN PERSIA. 

London, June 25. 
Teheran. — The Shah has signed a new 
electoral law, which will be promulgated on 
Friday next. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND RUSSIA. 

St. Petersburg — The speeches of Premier 
Asquith and Ex-Premier Balfour sympathiz- 
ing with the progress of Russia, which weic 
delivered in the House of Commons on the 
occasion of the reception to the Russian 
Representatives, have caused profound 
gratification to the Russian people and have 
greatly impressed them with the depth and 
sincerity of British sympathy. 

THE STOCK EXCHANGE. 

Japanese and Chinese bonds are rather 
firmer. 

GASMEN'S STRIKE AT RIO 
DE JANEIRO. 

London, June 26. 
Rio de Janeiro. — The men employed at 
the gasworks in this city went on strike on 
Wednesday last and are still idle. As a 
consequence, the whole city is in complete 
darkness. 

SCAVENGERS' STRIKE AT KIEL. 

Berlin. — The Scavengers at Kiel have 
refused to work, thus endangering public 
sanitation. Volunteers called out have been 
attacked by the strikers. Several have 
been wounded on both sides, there being 
fighting with revolvers and knives. 

JAPAN AND AMERICA. 

THE "GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT." 

London, June 28. 
New York. — Baron Takahira will shortly 
visit Tokyo with reference to the negotia- 
tions for the revision of the Treaty of Com- 
merce and Navigation (1894). The 
" gentleman's agreement " by which Japan 
undertook to prohibit the immigration 
of labourers has been so faithfully car- 
ried out that *.he United States cannot 
object to granting the Japanese re- 
quest for the elimination of the clause 
empowering the American Authorities to 
regulate the immigration of labourers. Since 
July 1908 only 2,650 Japanese, none of 
whom were labourers, entered the United 
States, while no less than 6 000 returned. 

UNREST IN PERSIA. 

London, June 28. 

Teheran. — The British and Russian repre- 
sentatives have warned the Nationalist leader 
that his march on Teheran imperils the 
Nationalist cause, since the Shah has de- 
finitely re-established the Constitution. In 
consequence of disorders, the new governors 
of meshed has resigned. 
PRINCE BUELOW'S RESIGNATION. 

Berlin. — The Emperor's refusal to accept 
Prince Buelow's resignation until some 
financial reform acceptable to the federal 
government has been attained, frees the 
Chancellor from all suggestion that he is 
fighting primarily for his own hand. It 
lessons the personal humiliation involved in 
his negotiations with the Conservatives, but 
at tha same time it clearly indicates that the 
Chancellor's retention of office will be only 
temporary. 

London, June 29. 

Berlin. — Despite assurances of the Im- 
perial confidence, the chancellor announces 
his irrevocable determination to retire im- 
mediately the financial reforms have passed 
the Reichstag, because of the rejection of the 
Inheritance Tax. The Times says this is 
the first time in the history of Germany that 
the resignation of a Chancellor has been 
openly attributed to parliamentary defeat. 
The majority, however, have made it impos- 
sible for Prince Buelow to remain in office, 
unless he submits to their terms. 
PROPOSED RUSSIAN EXHIBITION 
IN LONDON. 

St. Petersburg. — The proposed Russian 



exhibition in London in 19 ft is regarded as 
the soundest method of advancing commer- 
cial and political union and mutual trade. 
INDIAN COUNCILS BILL. 

PROBABLE REMOVAL OF MOHAMMEDAN 
OBJECTIONS. 

Simla. — Daily conferences are taking place 
between a committee of the vice-regal council 
and influential Mohammedans, and it is be- 
lieved that a satisfactory settlement of elec- 
toral and other questions connected with the 
reform scheme will shortly be arrived at. 

REVOLUTIONARIES MARCHING ON 
TEHERAN. 

London, June 30. 
Teheran. — The revolutionary Bakhtiari 
tribesmen, accompanied by 2,000 Persians, 
are marching on Teheran. A panicky feel- 
ing prevails at court. 

TURKEY UNPROVOCATIVE 
BUT FIRM. 
Constantinople. — Notwithstanding the 
menacing language of the Greek newspapers 
with reference to the Cretan question, no 
Turkish military preparations are being 
carried out on the frontier, although the 
Government is determined to maintain its 
suzerainty over Crete. 

"NEUE FREIE PRESSE" ON PRINCE 
BUELOW. 
Vienna. — The Neite Freie Pfesse, hitherto 
a zealous suppporter of Prince Buelow, 
has changed its attitude and now it 
outspokenly criticizes the Chancellor, ex- 
patiates on his limitations and declares that 
his place would be easy to fill. 

(Received at the Foreign Office) 
AMERICAN COAL DUTY. 

On the 23rd instant the United States 
Senate expunged the resolution adopted bv 
the House of Representatives providing that 
if any country admitted American coal duty 
free, such country's coal should be similarly 
admitted to the United States. The Senate 
adopted a uniform tariff rate of 16 cents per 
ton. This rate is 7 cents cheaper than the 
existing rate as well as than the rate pro- 
posed by the House of Representatives. 

SINGAPORE-JOHORE RAILWAY. 

The Singapore-Johore Railway is to be 
opened on July 1st. This will complete the 
railway communication between Singapore 
and Penang. 

U.S. TAXATION PROBLEMS. 

The Corporation Bill presented to the 
Senate at the instance of the President of 
the United States provides that companies 
registered as juridical persons or associations 
formed for purposes of profit shall be 
taxed to the extent of 2 per cent, of 
their nett gains, but the tax shall not be 
collected in the case of companies whose 
nett profits do not exceed $5,000 annually. 
The tax indicated in this Bill is leviable 
upon companies registered as juridical persons 
under foreign law, in so far as concerns 
profits derived from capital invested in the 
United States or its possessions. Japanese 
companies will therefore be gravely affected. 
The Government expects to collect a revenue 
of 25 millions of dollars from the tax. 

The debate in the Senate on the Tariff 
will commence on the 29th instant. The 
question of increasing the tax on tea will 
be brought up, but there is probably no catrse 
for uneasiness. 

THE TEA TAX IN THE SENATE. 

(New York, from Mr. Consul Mizuno.) 

On the 28th ultimo in Committee of the 
Whole in the United States Senate, Mr. 
Tillman, introducer of the amended Bill tor 



B»1r:E*3J!flrB»H1IS«WaTir THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



|>ly 3, 1909. 



imposing a duty of 10 sen on tea, spoke 
strongly in support of the measure on the 
ground that at would protect the tea in- 
dustry of South Carolina. He found two or 
three supporters, but he finally asked that 
the decision should be deferred. On the 
29th ultimo the Bill was rejected by 55 to 
18 votes. 

The principal supporters of a tax on tea 
are influenced by considerations of re- 
venue solely, and as, apart from cus- 
toms dues, a certain source of revenue 
can be found by taxing juridical persons 
and successions (already passed by the 
Lower Chamber), it may be considered 
that there is no fear of any tax being im- 
posed on tea. 

(" Deutsche Japan-Post " Sekvice to the 
" Japan Hkkald.") 

TITTONI ON THE TRIPLICE. 

Berlin, June 24. 
Sign. Tiltoni, the Italian Minister for 
Foreign Affairs, speaking in the Chamber, 
said that the Triple Alliance was unshakably 
strong, but that the time had not yet come 
lor opening negotiations as to its renewal. 
PERSIA MAKES A DEMAND. 
The Persian Government has demanded 
from the Governments of Great Britain and 
Russia, that the Russian troops in Persia be 
withdrawn as soon as possible. 

ISVVOLSKI ACCOMPANIES TSAR. 

Berlin, June 24. 
M. Iswolski, the Russian Minister for 
Foreign Affairs, accompanies the Tsar on 
liis round tiip at the Skaer Islands and also 
on his coming visit to Sweden. 
EXPLOSION AT PITTSBURG, U.S. 
An explosion has taken place at Pittsburg, 
by which the lives of 70 workmen are 
endangered. 

GERMANY AND TAXATION. 
The Reichstag has passed a Bill provid- 
ing for a tax on increased value of property. 
REJECTION OF DEATH DUTIES 
BILL. 

Berlin, June 25. 

The much debated Dealh-Duties Bill has 
at last been definitely rejected by the Reich- 
stag by a majority of a few votes. 

The political consequences of the result 
will neither be the dissolution of the Reich- 
stag, nor the immediate resignation of Prince 
Buelow, who, on the contrary, is firmly 
resolved to fight to the last until the third 
hearing of the Bill, in order to prevent the 
passing ol the harmful substituted taxes. 

CRETE. 

Sir Edward Grey, the British Minister for 
Foreign Affairs, announces that the troops 
of the four Protective Powers will be with- 
drawn at the same time from Crete and that 
this action with be carried out before July 
27th. 

DISCORD IN THE BELGIAN 
ROYAL FAMILY. 

Berlin, June 26. 
King Leopold of Belgium has declared 
himself willing to reconcile himself with his 
second daughter, Princess Stephanie, the 
former Crown Princess of Austria, later 
Countess Lonyay, but not with his first 
daughter, Princess Louise, the divorced 
Princess Philippe of Sachsen Koburg and 
Gotlu. 

A HOLY WAR. 
A report from Teheran says that the ex- 
citement aroused by Russian interference 
with the new Bank projects is growing and 
that a holy war against all loreigners is 
being pieachcd. 



PRINCE BUELOW AND THE 
REICHSTAG. 

Prince Buelow has left Berlin to meet the 
Kaiser at Kiel and to report to him the 
situation, after having communicated to the 
Conservatives that the taxes, which have 
been substituted by their parly and by the 
Centre, viz , the tax on shares at the Ex- 
change, mill consumption tax and coal 
export duly, are unacceptable to the 
Government. 

The Reichstag has passed the new duties 
on Coffee and Tea as further substituted 
taxes, after which the sittings were adjourned 
until Wednesday. 

THE CHAN'CELLOR'S RESIGNATION. 

Berlin, June 27. 

Prince Buelow has demanded from the 
Kaiser the immediate acceptance of his 
resignation. The Kaiser, however, has re- 
fused to accept Piince Buelow's resignation 
until the conclusion of the Government's 
policy for the Financial Reform of the Em- 
pire. The Chancellor, on the pressing desire 
of the Kaiser, has declared himself willing to 
remain in office until the achievement of the 
Finance Reform. He will make a last 
attempt to prohibit the passing of the taxes, 
which he characterizes as ruinous to com- 
merce and industry, and to attain the passing 
of taxes which are acceptable to the Bundes- 
rath. After having finished this work he will 
resign, the reason being that he has been de- 
serted by the Conservatives, by which the 
carrying out of a liberal policy has been made 
impossible. By the express wish of the Kaiser 
he will not shrink from this last task in the 
interests of the country. His decision to 
resign is, however, definite. No conjectures 
as to hi* successor are yet made. If the 
majority of the Reichstag passes the Finance 
Reform Hill in a form which is unacceptable 
to the Government, the dissolution of the 
Reichstag may be poss : ble. The conference 
between the Kaiser and Prince Buelow 
lasted for three hours and passed in a very 
cordial manner. The universal feeling in 
Germany is very earnest. 

CHOLERA AT ST. PETERSBURG. 

Berlin, June 28. 

750 cases of cholera have been notified at 
St. Petersburg during the last four weeks, of 
which 211 ended fatally. 

THE TSAR IN STOCKHOLM. 

Very cordial toasts have been exchanged 
at the banquet given to the Tsar on the 
occasion of his visit to Stockholm. The 
Tsar, replying to the toast of the King of 
Sweden, said that he would always have it 
at heart to develop the already close relations 
between Russia and Sweden. 

General Beekmann, of the Swedish Coast 
Aitillery, has been shot by a workman at 
Stockholm, who killed himself after his deed. 
RACING. 

The Hamburg Derby has been won by 
" Arnfried," of the Graditz Stables, and the 
Grand Prix de Paris by Rothschild's '* Ver- 
dun." President Fallieres, returning from 
the race-course, was insulted by the crowd. 
SIBERIAN MAILS. 
Siberian mails, with dates up to June 10th 
ex Yokohama, arrived at Berlin on June 28th. 
GERMANY. 

Betlin, June 29. 
The Kaiser will go on his usual trip dining 
the summer. 

Arthur Fitger, the well-known artist and 
poet, and Herr von Halle, Pi ivy Councillor 
in the German Ministry of Finance, are dead. 
TURKEY AND CRETE. 
The Sublime Poite has been informed 



officially of the withdrawal of the troops of 

the Protective Powers from Crete. 

PERSIAN NATIONALISM. 
The Bakhtiari Clan in Persia intends to 
proclaim a new Shah of Persia. The 
movement of the Nationalists is steadily 
growing. 

KING EDWARD. 
King Edward 
August 1 5. 



will go to Marienbad on 



(Fko.m the *• Asahi Shimbun ") 
THE PROPOSED WINE TAX IN 
GERMANY. 

London, June 24. 
Paris. — French dealers in wine and spirits 
are urging the Government to negotiate with 
Germany with a view to inducing that 
country to abandon the proposed wine tax. 
It is said tint in the event of Germany 
adopting such a tax, France will seek some 
means of retaliation. 

THE URYUS VISITING FRIENDS. 

New York, June 25. 
Baron and Baroness Uryu have spent the 
last few days in visiting friends. They will 
leave for Europe on the 17th proximo. 
HEAT WAVE AT NEW YORK. 
On June 24 at 3 p.m. the thermometer 
stood at 97° F. Many persons are sulfeiing 
from the intense heat. 
THE JAPANESE ON THE UPPER 
YALU. 

Antung, June 27. 
On June 27, a force of 26 police was 
despatched to the upper region of the Yalu 
River for the protection of the Japanese. 
RECESS OF THE DUMA. 

Vladivostock, June 27. 
The Upper House of the Duma will be 
closed from June 25 to October 23. 
THE RUSSIAN TOURIST PARTY. 

ITS WELCOME APPRECIATED. 

The fact that the first party of Russian 
tourists have received everywhere in Japan 
so hearty a welcome has become known, and 
the second group numbering over one hun- 
dred will leave shortly. 



A BUND HERO. 

A pathetic incident occurred at the inspection 
by King Edward, at Buckingham Palace, of die 
Gentlemen-at-Arms. A strikingly handsome 
officer in the prime of life was led into the ranks 
by a comrade. This was Captain Ernest Towse, 
who is totally blind, having lost his sight in the 
Boer War while performing a gallant action which 
won for him the Victoria Cross. His aftliction 
has been hard to bear, as his career was assured 
before the disaster owing to his conspicuous 
bravery at Magersfontein. But for the loss of 
his sight Captain Towse would have commanded 
a battalion of the " gay " and gallant Gordons. 

At Magersfontein the Captain was recom- 
mended for his devotion in assisting the late 
Colonel Dowman when mortally wounded. He 
supported the Colonel in the front of the firing 
line amid a hail of bullets; then he tried to carry 
the wounded man on his back into safety, but 
finding this impossible, he protected him under 
fire till the stretcher-bearers arrived. In a-sub- 
sequent action Captain Towse and twelve men 
kept 150 Boersat bay. The Boers got within forty 
yards and called on the little British force to 
surrender. Captain Towse ordered his Gordons 
•to fix bayonets and charge. With a wild cheer 
they rushed at the enemy and swept them away, 
thus avenging Magersfontein. " God help the 
Boers," exclaimed a Tommy ; " our Jocks are 
into 'em with the bay'nit !" But alas for the 
valiant leader of this desperate onslaught ; he was 
wounded in both eyes and permanently lost his 
sight. 



July 3, 1909. | 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. Wffrtf;M^mB*HtI»«fcH6) 23 



YOKOHAMA'S JUBILEE. 



A BRILLIANTLY SUCCESSFUL CELEBRATION. 

Thursday, July 1. 

He would have been a bold prophet who, 
in view of the long succession of rainy days 
to which we have of late been subjected, had 
ventured to predict for Yokohama's Jubilee 
Celebration a day of brilliant sunshine. Yet 
such it was, to the great relief of each of 
the City's decorators — and that rovers, we 
may say, the entire population. Indeed, the 
city was alive with flags, fluttering in a cool, 
heat-banishing breeze. For the thousands 
of celebrators who poured in from the 
country and from the Capital, and for the 
thousands of the sons of Yokohama who 
were busy from morn till eve with their city's 
praise, the conditions were ideal. Season 
and sun and wind smiled together on Yoko- 
hama's Jubilee. 

The two great streets which in a special 
sense may be said to make common ground 
for Foreigners and Japanese alike — where 
the former Settlement merges by degrees 
into the purely Japanese portion of the City 
— were from an early hour the centre of 
celebrant activity. So great was the throng 
by which, in particular, Henten-dori was 
filled, that it became necessary to close that 
gay if narrow thoroughfare to vehicles of all 
descriptions. Here and in Honcho dori not 
only were the decorations most elaborate, but 
these two avenues were made the scene of 
numerous side-shows, quaint and merry — 
of mummers, dancers, conjurers, with players 
of " Tales of Old Japan." In prominent 
places, too, were hung scenic represen- 
tations of Yokohama at various stages of its 
history, or of leading events in its career — 
not omitting, of course, the prime incident 
indissolubly connected with the name of 
Commodore Perry. Everywhere the crowds 
contained a sprinkling of foreigners, to whom 
these presentations afforded the additional 
attraction of novelty, and everywhere the 
greatest good humour prevailed. 

It was at noon, and with a luncheon — 
served with due elaboration in one of the 
new Customs Pavilions — that the official 
portion of the Celebration commenced, and 
this gave place, at 2.30 p.m., to the Cere- 
mony proper, with its accompaniment of 
speeches appropriate to the great occasion. 
So vast was the open Hall set apart for this 
function and so destitute of the least 
pretension to acoustic properties, that the 
words of the speakers reached only the 
merest fraction either of those in the aud- 
itorium or those on the platform. Still, the 
speeches were delivered — of that there can be 
no doubt ; and our columns bear testimony 
to the spirit of cordial congratulation they 
breathed from first to last. 

The Ceremony proper ended, there fol- 
lowed a series of entertainments— geisha 
dances, Daimyo processions, and the like — 
till, with the shades of evening, the city 
burst into illumination. The Celebration 
was now in the hands of the Citizens, and 
well did they effect its consummation. While 



the streets glowed with thousands of lights, 
as well as the glare and flicker of torchlight 
processions, the sky seemed ablaze with the 
spark-showers and coloured fires of a magni- 
ficent pyrotechnic display. About 9 o'clock 
fell a few drops of rain, but they mattered 
not, and far into the night was drawn the 
celebration of Yokohama's Semi Centennial 
Day. 

[A full account of the proceedings zv '.ll 
appear in our next issue] 



EXCURSION TRAINS TO NlKKO 
AND BOSHU. 

From about the middle of July until the end of 
August, the Railway Bureui will run an excursion 
train from Uyeno to Nikko every Saturday and 
Sunday, and will make a reduction of 20 per cent, 
on tickets issued to points on the coast of Boshu 
till the end of September. 

The time-table and fares are as follow : — 
• Leave U\eno, Airive Nikk , 

7.C5 a.m. 10 55 a hi. 

Leave Nikko, Anive Uyeno, 

4.05 p.m. 7 50 p.m. 

2nd class: — yen 244 (including transit duty). 
3rd „ :— ,. 1.39 ( „ „ „'). 

(Available for 3 days) 
Leave Ryo^oku, Arrive Oliara, 

7 30 a.m. 1.20 p.m. 

Leave Oliara, Arrive Ryojoku, 

5.10 p.m. 8 1 5 p.m. 

2nd class : — yen 1,70 (including transit duty) 
31 d „ -.—yen 1.03 ( „ .. ,. ) 



CIGARETTE-SMOKING IN 'II1E BRITISH 
ARMY. 



An exceedingly grave indictment of cigarette- 
smoking in the Army has been made by Lieut.- 
Gen. Sir W. G. Knox. Sir Wil iam points out 
that the Army Medical Department hds embodied 
in its report an emphatic pronouncement against 
cigarette smoking, stating that the proportion 
of soldiers in the United Kingdom becoming 
inefficient owing to cardiac affections is 
double that in any foreign army. And as 
regards the effect of the practice on officers he 
declares that he knows of more than one " re- 
grettable incident in the Boer war which was 
the result of loss of nerve, brought on, in his 
opinion, by over-indulgence. Sir William feels 
so strongly on the subject that he advocates that 
in an officer's confidential report should be in- 
ferted the question: "Is he an intemperate 
cigarette smoker ? " And as for the rank and file, 
he quotes the words of the Report of the Army 
Medical Department for 1907 : " Average British 
recruits are on enlistment the youngest and in the 
poorest physical condition of those in any civilized 
army. Moreover, they are nearly all confirmed 
cigarette smokers." 



SARTORIAL ECCENTRICITIES. 



Four or five years ago the relatives of a certain 
Herr Szmeny applied to the courts at Vienna to 
have him adjudged a lunatic, their chief allega- 
tion being that he wore " queer clothes." The 
Court, says Mr. Taylor Edwards, writing in 
New York Tribune, refused the application ; but 
evinced the keenest interest in the evidence, 
wherefrom it appeared that Szmeny, when on his 
country estate, invariably clad himself in a leather 
suit, provided with immense scales, in imitation of 
the slowest of animals, the tortoise. 

Szmeny, however, was not the only individual 
in Austria-Hungary who ever commanded public 
attention by reason of sartorial eccentricities. A 
prominent society man of Buda Pesth had various 
suits made of material so designed and coloured 
as to match the different papers on the walls of 
his big house. For instance, it is said, his dressing 
gown, adorned with sun-flowers, was an exact 
reproduction of the paper in his dressing room. 
Then his smoking jacket showed an oriental design 
corresponding with the Eastern decorations of his 
smoking room, and he had many lounging suits of 
white and gold, pink and red and so on. 



Against this freakishness of attire may be set the 
fad of a Pole of Warsaw, a banker of some pro- 
minence, who had his overcoat lined with patch- 
work made from the garments of famous men. 
This lining, the owner contended, contained pieces 
from the military cloak of the first Napoleon, a 
bit of a waistcoat worn by Byron, a section of 
a necktie belonging to Disraeli, several bits of 
the blanket used by von Moltke during the 
Franco- Prussian War, together with other sartorial 
relics of celebrated persons now dead. 

An eccentric man in Lisbon imposed an odd 
system of dress upon his unfortunate servants. 
These domestics, he insisted, should each represent 
a particular flower. Accordingly, there was 
presented the ludicrous sight of servants whose 
outer garments were embroidered with violets, 
roses, lilies of the valley, &c. The master himself 
chose carnations for his emblem. For many years 
one of the queer characters of Montmartre, in 
Paris, was an old man, generally reputed to be 
very wealthy, who took his constitutional garbed 
in brightly printed cotton, of the kind generally 
used in France for women's blouses. This old 
chap's name was Pere Greville ; and he had a 
mania for pockets. He always had at least six on 
the front of his funny cotton jacket, and sticking 
out of each pocket might be seen a bundle 
of grimy papers. Greville never wore a hat, 
but carried an umbrella over his head in all 
kinds of weather. 

In Russia one of the Court officials nursed a 
strange notion with reference to his overcoats. 
He spent years in the invention of a reversible 
garment of that character. When he had finally 
attained his desire, he was the most pleased man 
in St. Petersburg. In winter lie made a practice 
of entering a friend's house clad in beaver, and of 
leaving dressed in reindeer skin. He once boasted 
that his overcoats were so devised that he could 
attend a wedding and a funeral in the same 
garment. 

Greeks in Athens had a notion not long ago that 
it would be good form to revive the ancient 
classical dress. Accordingly, they organised a 
society for the encouragement of the project, it 
being stipulated that every member must go 
about in Grecian robes, wearing sandals instead 
of shoes. A wealthy Silesian landowner, with 
bizarre notions of dress, got into trouble with the 
police authorities in Berlin not long ago. His 
failing was gold lace. So far did he carry out 
his sartorial ideas that he became the observed 
of all observers. Such a crowd assembled in the 
streets of the German capital on the occasion of 
the Silesian's last visit that the police promptly 
arrested him for a viola ion of the municipal 
ordinances. 

" The accused's clothing," states the police 
report, " which was made of blue serge, was com- 
pletely covered with gold lace and braid, and even 
his shoes were thus decorated. The accused's 
brother explained his conduct on the ground of 
eccentricity, stating that the accused possessed 
no fewer that one hundred and fifty suits of 
clothes, all embroidered with gold in various 
designs." 

Some interesting facts were disclosed with 
reference to the weakness of a Roumanian in the 
matter of clothes when he found himself in the 
bankruptcy court. It transpired that in the 
course of four years he had managed to expend 
two hundred thousand dollars in striving to gratify 
his longings for fine feathers. A specimen suit 
was produced in court. The buttons were set 
with diamonds, and in one of the cuffs was sewed 
a watch. Seams were hidden by rows of pearls, 
and in other ways this genius managed to achieve 
a novel effect in his general make- up. The 
evidence also showed that he possessed a pair of 
shoes made of glass, which he always wore when 
at home, and of which he was inordinately proud." 

This natty dresser was not in a class by him- 
self, however, for authentic accounts show that 
one Signor Abraggia, a contractor in a town of 
Southern Italy, ran him a close second when 
dazzling effects are considered. Abraggia's 
clothes carried mirrors. They had looking-glass 
buttons and were inlaid with medallions of the 
same material. When Abraggia took his stroll in 
the sunshine, his appearance was too much for 
folks with weak eyes. He was blinding. As one 



24 W«i-B-S«FHj?ftB»Haf5fil^EM THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



narrator put it, "It was impossible to stand 
with" one's back to the sun and look at him." 

Among the first cabin passengers who arrived 
in New York on an Atlantic liner a few years ago 
was a woman whose sole costume consisted of a 
ball dress. She carried no baggage, aside from 
four carboys of mineral water and a bucket, which 
were necessary, she confided to all, for her 
ablutions. She had rendered herself agreeable to 
everybody during the voyage ; and all admitted 
that, if her silk and lace ball dress was somewhat 
bad form in the morning, it was quite appropriate 
in the evening when, in the saloon, she pleaded 
the company with sonif and dance. This 
passenger was certified to by the physicians as a 
monomaniac, and was accordingly deported to 
the place whence she came. 



THE ATTACK ON LIEUT. BELLAIRS. 



QUESTIONS IN THE HOUSE. 

Not since the publication of Lord Charles 
Beresford's letter with reference to the coal 
supplies at Malta, says a Service paper, has the 
country been provided with a sensation like that 
produced by the revelation of certain letters 
written by Capt. Reginald Ikcon to Sir John 
Fisher three years ago. At that time Capt. 
Bacon had recently relinquished the position 
of Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord, an 
appointment in which he had, in the course 
of his duties, been brought necessarily into the 
closest association with his chief in elaborating 
and co-ordinating the various changes which were 
then being carried out. Capt. Bacon left the Ad- 
miralty, but remained in more or less formal com- 
munication with his chief. It is now known that 
he did, as a matter of fact, write some letters to 
the First Sea Lord which were evidently intended 
for the guidance of this officer and for the 
members of the Board. In one of these letters 
Capt. Bacon referred to Mr. Bellairs in an un- 
complimentary manner. Ucfortunately they were 
not edited, as is usually the case, before being 
printed for the guidance of the Board. There was, 
of course, no idea at the time that they would 
ever become public. All this occurred two years 



outcome of questions in Parliament is to rouse 
suspicions which never existed in the service 
before. I^sprit de corps will be undermined 
unless there is an assurance that the conveyance 
of private con munications from the ship to the 
Admiralty about brother officers is to beabsolutely 
forbidden in the future. 



NEWS OF THE WEEK. 

On and after July r, the Railway Bureau will 
issue combination tickets available on the Bazan 
line in Korea. 

The petition for the bailing of the defendants in 
the Sugar case was finally rejected by the court 
on June 29. Sentence will be pronounced 
on July 3. 

From July 1 till September 30, train and electric 
car combination tickets to Yumoto, Hakone, 
will be issued at a reduced rate at Shimbashi, 
Shinagawa, Yokohama and Hiranuma. 



The Railway Bureau dismissed 171 lower-class 
officials and 106 other emplojes on June 23rd, 
and at the same time made several changes in 
the positions of officials of higher grade. 

For the convenience of passengers going to 
mount Fuji an 1 various summer resorts, the ex- 
press trains leaving Shimbashi at 3.40 p.m. and 
Kobe at 9 p.m. will from July 1 to Sept. 30 stop 
at Gotemba Station. 



the cu'tomary religious rite. Governor Sufu then 
took his stand in front of the monument, while 
the national air, " Kimigayo," was played. 
Speeches by the Governor and others brought the 
proceedings to a close. 

Rev. E. W. Thwing and his family are expected 
in Yokohama by the steamer China about July 
41I1. The Interra'ional Reform Bureau have ap- 
pointed him as their Secretary for Japan and China. 
He will deliver addresses in this country and will 
spend a part of the summer at Karuizawa. 



A complete revolution in naval gunnery will, it 
is said, be the result of Admiral Sir Percy Scott's 
recent invention of a device for more accurately 
directing a warship's fire. Calculations based 
presumably upon average target practice, and not 
upon the high percentage of hits so frequently 
credited to individual ships, show that a ship's 
hitting power will be increased by 50 to 75 per 
cent by the new "director." 

It is slated that the Japanese Military authorities 
will forward to the Anglo-Japanese Exhibition a 
model of the famous Kumamoto Castle in 
K)iishu. The model measures 30 feet in height, 
and covers 90 Isubo. Inside the model will be 
exhibited arms of vaiious description used in 
Japan in olden days as well as in the expedition 
to Foimosa, the Civil War in Kyushu, the Japau- 
Ciiina War, and the late Russo-Japanese War. 

Cricket is becoming increasingly popular 
among the natives rf Northern India, and while 
Prince and Princess K uni. who are staying ati Han j'> to give the Jam Sahib of Nawanagar his . 
the Hague, expect to visit England early in this I.P et ,3ame °Q EnglUh cricket fields, is not hkely : . 
month and to stay there during July and August. ! "o '<>se his well earned popularity, he may sooik 
Whether their Highnesses wiil nuke a lour thiough > l,;ive l> dlVk1e the la,,rels with, some other 
America, is as yet unknown. I compatriot. In recent matche; rep »rted in the 

Bombay Gazette, there was much good scoring, 



A decrease of about 20 per cent, in the number 
of convictions in the Hongkong police court in 
j 908, as compared with 1907, seems to be 
accounted for only on the presumption that the 
Colony is becoming more law-abiding. 

The admonition, " Thou shall not Steal," has 
been put up in the street cars of the J bird Avenue 



before Mr. McKenha was at the Admiralty, | Line, New York City. Whether the people using 
and he might have sheltered himself behind this that particular line have shown a more than 
fact, but instead of taking advantage of it, j ordinary propensity for the violation of the eighth 
he has investigated the circumstances, on his own Commandment is not stated, 
behalf, though he had nothing to do with it, and 
On behalf of Sir John Fisher,' he has expressed 
reg 



Among the passengers who 
ret that before printing the letters the reference Mongolia on June 27 were if 



sailed on the 
Hon Thomas J. 



O'Brien, U.S. Ambassador to Tokyo ; the Hon. 
Charles Denby, late U S. Consul-Gereral at 
Shanghai, and Mrs. Denby, and the Hon. and 
Mrs. W. R. Castle, of Honolulu. 



to Mr. Bellairs and his service career was not 
deleted. 

The whole incident is a most unfortunate one, 
and not the least regrettable fact is that wide- 
spread publicity should have been given to a 
communication which was intended by the writer 
to be private. Mr. Bellairs, at the time the letter 
was written, was on the retired list, and there was, 
there'ore, no question of injuring his profes- 
sional prospects, while his past is familiar to . 

• , fl it- • .■ »i ., 1 the express was delayed two hours 

everyone in the fleet. His association with the 



two innings of the Cutch Club including an 
individual century, a score of 68, and eight other 
double figure innings. 

The Advance-Manager of the Bandmann Opera 
Company, Mr, J. F. Younge, informs us ih it he 
will arrive Ly the P. & O. steamer Malta to make 
the necessary arrangements for their forthcoming 
season in Yokohama. The Company, which 
follows bv the Sardinia is the largest that has as 
yet visited the East, and include 22 juvenile per- 
formers for the ballet. After a season at Kobe, 
lasting from aboulthe 1 2th to the 15th of July, the 
Company will proceed to Yokohama. Further 
particulars will bi announced in due course. 



Early on the morning of June 24, an express train 
from Shimonoseki on arriving at Hodzumi Station 
collided with a goods train which was behind 
time. One waggon was upset and three others 
were derailed. No casualties were reported, but 



Navy opened biillianlly when he took five first 
class certificates and obtained special promotion 
to lieutenant. When eventually he retired owing 
to defective eyesight after eighteen years in the 
service, he left behind him a record of which he 
has reason to be proud. There are many officers 
with brilliant records who have probably been the 
subject of uncomplimentary remarks in private 
letters, but, fortunately those confidences 
do not see the light. We have often felt 
compelled to disagree with many thirgs which 
Mr. Bellairs has said and done, and, without 
minimizing the extenuating circumstances, we 
cannot help regretting that this communication 
should have been printed in an unedited form. 
Captain Bacon may not have intended any harm; 
he may l>e innocent of the insinuations made 
against him by members of Parliament. As 
his lips are sealed, it would be fair to credit 
him with having committed an error of judgment 
only. But the publication of fragments of Captain 
Bacon's letters have led naval officers to ask 
themselves whether others have been secretly pre- 
judicing them in the eyes of superiois by state- 
ments that are wliolly false. Has a system of 
espionage been introduced in the Navy ? The 



Deputy Station-master Matsuda of 
Station, who was responsible for the collision at 
Ogigayatsu in February last, has been sentenced 
to six months' major imprisonment. This is the 
first instance of the application of the new 
criminal law to cases of this kind. 



French is slowly gaining upon Flemish as the 
language of the Belgian people. Recentiy publish- 
ed s atistics show that at the last census 2,573,805 
spoke only French and 2,744,271 only Flemish, 
the former, although still slightly the smaller 
number, showing an increase of 289,733 and 
the latter an iucrease of 277,734. The number 
of persons speaking both languages, 80^587, 
shows an increase of 100,590 during the ten 
years that have elapsed since the preceding census. 
The number speaking only German is 28,314, a 
Kamakura decrease of about 4,000 during the decade. 



Early on the morning of June 29, the Russian 
sightseers arrived at Shimbashi, where they were 
welcomed by over 300 students of the Tokyo 
Middle School and a large gathering of the 
general public. The visitors were divided into 
two parties, one of which proceeded to the 
Fusokwan at Kobiki cho, and the other to the 
Russian Church at Surugadai. 



monument erected on 
10 a.m. on June 27, as 



The negotiations between Mayor Mi'suhashi 
and the Industrial Bank in connection with the 
proposed loan of 716,500 pounds sterling for the 
enlargement of the Yokohama waterworks have 
been concluded. The provisional contract 
agreed upon is as follows : — The bonds are 
to be issued at 94; the entire amount is 
to be paid within 180 days of the sign- 
ing of the contract ; the rate of interest is to 
be 5 per cent, per annum ; the principal is to be 
redeemed within a period of 45 years, and the 
commission to be paid (in three installments) 
amounts to seven-thirtieths of one per cent. 

A fjrmal invitation from America to Great 
Britain to participate in a naval review to be held 
in San Francisco next October to celebrate the 
rebuilding of the city after the fire of April, 



The unveiling of the 
Iseyama took place at 

previously announced. At the stated hour, Gov- 
ernor Sufu, Vice-Admiral Kamimura, the repre- 
sentative of the Minister of War, the Mayor of [1906, has been presented by Ambassador Reid. 
Yokohama, and otherdislinguished persons entered The question is one for consideration by the 
the hall of ceremony, where Mr. Masuda, Vice- ! Cabinet, and it probably will be several days 
President of the Yokohama Soldier Encourage- j before an answer is received. There is, however, 
ment Society, read a report relating to the [much likelihood of accept nice, as there is a 
erection of the monument, and a priest performed strong movement in England at the present 



July 3, 1 909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



time f6r showing the flag, particularly in the 
Pacific. Mr. C. C. Moore ot San Francisco, who is 
at present in London to arrange these matters, 
has formed a small committee of Californians to 
assist him. This committee will go to all the 
capitals of Europe and present similar invitations. 



Sir Ernest M- Satow, who was British Minister 
to Tokyo 1895-1900 and to Peking 1900 06, and 
whose profound researches into the early develop- 
ment of Shinto have contributed so largely to the 
world's knowledge of that ancient religion, has on 
several recent occasions borne emphatic testimony 
to the value of missions. Speaking at a meeting 
of the Church of England Mission to Korea, Sir 
Ernest dealt especially with the contention that 
missions are unnecessary. He said "I hear a 
good many people maintaining the opinion that 
for Orientals such religions as they already have 
are q'lile good enough, and that we should not 
upset their ancient traditions by conveying to 
them what we believe is a good religion for 
ourselves. I think this is a pernicious doctrine 
and people should lose no opportunity of standing 
up for missionaries and missions " 

It was through one of his. earlier works — pro 
bably " Richard Feverel "— that Meredith gained 
the acquaintance of Carlyle. An anecdote, which 
the London Telegraph has every reason to believe 
authentic, relates how the yomg man ventured, 
as most literary aspirants did in those days, to 
present a copy of his work to the Sage. He 
called shortly afterwards to hear what its reception 
had i been. "After five minutes," Mrs. Carlyle 
informed him, " Carlyle just said Bah ! and threw 
it down on the floor ; but he's taken it up again, 
and he Fays there's something in it ". Thus 
encouraged George Meredith was further invited 
to spend an evening with Carlyle. For hours the 
Sage discoursed without a break upon the Eternal 
Verities, or what not. Now and again his victim, 
never a taciturn person, ventured to put in a 
remark, but it went ab olutely unregarded. 
Finally he was dismissed with, " Mr. Meredith, 
you're a poor talker, but I'm thinking that as a 
writer you may make a name." 



Blankets — Assorleil, per tt> ... 
Wool Australian — No. I per lb 
1, i) 2 u » 

„ 3 

Wool, Tientsin — No. I per lb 

11 n » ^ n »» 

11 ii i» 3 11 •! 



O.70 to O.80 

0.60 to 0.71 
0.58 to 0.64 
o 46 to 0.55 
0.10 to 0.44 
0.34 to 0.39 
0.25 to 0.30 



LATEST COMMIiliCIAL. 



PBR riCUL. 

... 3500 to 3635 
... 46.25 to 49 70 
.. 30. oj to 31.00 

... 28 50 to 29.00 

PUR BAI.5 

270.01 to 285.00 

3 !0 00 Id 365.00 
423. 0») to 460.00 



jv, in..,, ... J.uu 

(Is. 45 in.) 

V-4S" 

to Best J 



to 6.00 



IMPORTS. 

The price of raw cotton remains firm. Yarns are 
quiet, and home prices are against business here. 
The prospect as to inousselines. Victoria Lawns, 
ami Prints is improving, but the qu tations remain 
practically unaltered. There is almost no change 
in Woollens. 

RAW COTTON. 

American Middliim — ••• 

Egyptian 

Indian R'loacii... 

Chinese (Old crop) 

Chinese (New crop) 

COTTON VARN 

Nos. a/60, Gassed ... 

Nos. 2/80, Gassed ... 

No«. a'/ioo. Gassed... 

COT TON PIECE GOODS. 

White Shirtings— 50 yds. 36 in 5.00 to 8.50 

Grey Shirtings— 91b, 38^ yds. 45 in 

Common to Medium 
Grey Shirtings -9!", Good to 
Grey Shirtings— 46-48 yds. 44-45 in, 

Ordinary to Medium . ... 
Grey Shirtings— 46 48 yds. 44-45 in. 

Good 10 Best 

Grey Cambrics— 46-48 yds. 45 inches... 

Prints — 24 yards, 3.1 inches 

Cotton Italians in I Salteens— 32 in. ... 
Cotton Italians and Salteens— 36- 1<> in . 
Turkey Reds— 2.8 to 3th 24-25 yards, 30 

inch 

Turkey Reds— 3.8 to 5 >t>, 24 25 yards, 

32 inches ... 

Velvets — Hlack, 35 yards, 22 inches 
Victoria Lawns, 12 yards, 42 inches 

Flannelette 

Cashmere 

WOOLLENS AND WOOLLEN MIXTUKIiS. 

Klannels V.0.50 to .65 

Italian Cloth, 32 111 0.40 to 0.60 

Italian Cloth, 36 40 in 0.40 to 0.55 

Mousseline de Liu he, — 120-140 yards, 

30-32 inches Common to Medium. . 
Mousselines dc Laine — 1 20-140 yards, 

30-32 inches Good 10 liest 

Cloths — Pilots, Presidents, and Union, 

54 to 56 inches 

Cloths— Army Cljth 

Cloths— All Other 



4 60 to 6.00 

6.IO to 7.50 
6.90 lo 1 1 .50 
3.10 to 3 60 
O.25 lo 0.35 
0.30 to o 4 j 

PKH flKCK. 
I.9O t'l t 25 



2 5o to 
1 1. 00 to 
. O.95 to 

. 0.1 5 to 
. 0.85 10 



3.6 S 
1 5.00 
I.50 
0.30 
0.90 



0.20 lo 0.28 



0.2S lo o 32 



0.50 to 1.50 
0.75 lo 2.25 
I.25 to 4.00 



METALS. 

Business is still being done on a small scale. 

Iron or Mild Steel. Bar, flat, round at pek PICUL. 

square Y.3 65 (o 3.70 

Iron or Mild Steel, Plate 4.15 to 4.30 

do Sheet 5.00 to 5.80 

Galvanised Iron Sheets Corrugated.. 10.70 to 11. co 

d . Flat "75 to 12.00 

Wire Nails, Ordinaiy assortments ... 6.30 10 6.60 

Tin Plates, iolbs. I.C.W 7 00 to 7.20 

Pig Iron, No. 4 " Redcar " 2.0910 2.15 

KEROSEN E, 
The market is quiet. 



Chester 


Y.3.73 


to 


3 9' 


Victory 


3-51 


to 


3-69 


Nonpareil 




to 


4.41 


Bomeo aud Sumatra 


2.90 


to 


2 95 


Hokuyelsu 


3-3° 


to 


3 7o 


Nippon 


3-33 


to 


3-73 


Ogura 


3-5 


to 


370 


Todai 




to 


2-39 



SUGAR. 

No large transactions have been done, but there is 
a tendency to an advance in quotations. 

PER PICUL. 

Brown Manila Y. 10.90 to 12.40 

Brown China — 

White Java and Penang 990 to 10.50 

White Refined (German) ... ... 155010 1890 

„ (Hjngkong) 14.80 to 19.80 

INDIGO. 

No change on the market. There have been 
some pretty fair transactions in artificial dyes. 

Calcutta fiist Y.240.00 

,, second 

Java, first 

„ second 

Madras, fiist 

,, second 

Artificial ''* horse and lion " brand ... 
Artificial " Kenshin " 



200 00 
320.00 
280 0} 



FI.OUR. 

Theie has been no business done although the 
quotations are rather low. 

Yen. 

Gold Drop 4 sacks 11 65 

Ph'K H.55 

Royal „ 1 1 25 

Trophy 1 1 .25 

Red Seal 4 sacks 1 1.25 

Lion 12 35 

Portland ,, II .35 

Premier ,, 11.25 

Japanese : — 

Rising Sun 6 kwamme 2 80 

Takasago 6 ,, 278 

Fuji 6 „ 2.80 

Pine 6 „ 2.80 

WHEAT. 

No transactions are reported and quotations are 



nominal. 



White Walla Walla, 100 kin 
Red 

Blue Stem 



Yen. 
5.60 — 5.70 
5.50 — 5.60 
5.8; — 6oa 



EXPORTS. 



RAW SILK. 

The m irket is dull. I here will be no transactions 
for the time being, on account of the Yokohama 
Jubilee celebration 

On June 30th stocks were : filatures 1 2365 bales. 
Re-reels. 307 bales ; Kakeda, 38 bafes. 

Filature — Exlra No. 1, Coarse — 

Filature— Exlia No 2, Toarse — 

Filature —Yajima (.'lass, Coarse — 

Filature— No. i, Coa s : 950 

Filature— No. tine 600 

Filature— No. 1 lo-ijden 1,000 

Filature — No. 1-1 'i, Course 910 Nominal. 

Filature — No. 1)9-2,10-13 den 905 

Re reels —Extra — 

Re reels— No. I — 

Re-reels— No. IT£ — 

Re-reel — No. 2 — 

Kakc-das— Gold Cup Chop Extra .. .. — 

Kakedas —Veiled Woman hop No. I .. — 

Kakedas — One Horsehead Chop No. — 

Kakeda-. — ino. 2 — 

Kakedas — No. 2>i — 



June 



2jth. 
26th. 
27ih. 
28th. 
29th. 
30th. 

1st 



QUOTATIONS ON THE EXCHANGE. 

Present June July August 

delivery, delivery, delivery, delivery, 

yen. yen. yen. 

939 886 924 

93' 881 — 



yen. 
939 
93' 



93' 

927 



880 



920 
918 



93' 
928 



July 



WASTE SILK. 

The maiket lacks activity. There has been but 
little business done. 

On June 30th stocks were : Noshi, 2,669 bales 
Kibiso, 5.169 bales; and Sundry. 1,541 bales. 

QUOTATIONS, 

Noshi — Filatures, liest — to — 

Noshi — Filatures, Good — to — 

Noshi — Oshiu, liest — to — 

N'oshi— Oshiu, Good — to — 

Noshi — Oshiu, Medium — to — 

Noshi — Shinshiu, liest — to — • 

Noshi — Sllinsliiu, Good — to — 

Noshi — liushiti, (or Joshu) liest ,,. 85 lo 95 

Noshi — Bushiu, (or Joshu) Good 75'° 85 

Noshi — Bushiu, (or Joshu) Medium ... 6510 75 

Kibiso — Filatures, Extra 11710122 

Kibiso — Filatures, liest ... 107(0113 

Kibiso — Filatures, Secoiu- 95 to I05 

Rereel — Fair — to — 

Rereel — Best — to — 

Rereel — Good — to — 

Rereel — Medium — to — . 

IIABUTAE. 
The market is quiet and no impoitant trans- 
actions have taken place. 

" PINE-LEAVES " MA It K. (FUKUl.) 

6 vie. 6'/2 nie. 7 me. 7 'A me. 
Yen. 
845 



Inches. 
22 '/ 2 " 
27" 
36" ... 



Yen. 
, 8.55 
, 8.50 
, 8.55 



Inches 
22^" 
27" ., 
36" . 



8.25 
835 

" GOLD ' 

4% me. 

Yen. 
... 8.25 
,.. 8.20 
... 8.20 



Yen. 

845 
8.15 
8.10 



Yen. 
8.55 
8.15 
8.05 



8 me, 
Y en. 
8.50 
825 
805 



Inches. 
i9'A- 

22/ z . 

27 . 
36 . 



MAItK. 

AU *>*'• 5 ,ne - 5K «*& 

Yen. Yen. Yen. 

8.20 8.10 7.75 

7-95 7-9 3 78o 

7.95 7.80 7.70 

KAWAMATA. 

3 me. y/* me. 4 me. \% me. 
Yen. Yen. 
,. 7.60 810 
, 8.00 8.70 
. — 10.60 



Yen. 
8.80 
9.80 
1 1.50 
14.40 



Yen. 

9.50 
10.70 
13 00 
15 90 



COPPER. 

! he quotation has advanced a lit le since last week 
and the market is firm. 

According to a London telegram of June 30'th, the 
quotation was ,£59. 15.0. 

Refined per 100 kin Yen 43 50 — 45.00 

Bessemer per 100 kin " 38.50 — 40.00 

Electric refined per 100 kin " 47 00 — 50.00 

Ote " 28.50—32.00 

TEA. 

The market is firm. From the first offering of 
new tea in Yokohama up to June 30th, the sales 
amounted to 5,699,400 Uin. The slock on Wednesday 
aggiegated 238,600 kin. 

QUOTATIONS. 

Choicest Y. — — 

Choice 47 — 49 

Finest 43 — 45 

Fine 4' — 42 

Good Medium 36 — 37 

Medium 34 — 35 

Good Common 32 — 33 

Common 30 — 31 

COTTON YARN. (Osaka.) 
The quotations are advancing. 

Delivery. Yen. 

July 128.00 

August 127.50 

September 127.30 

RICE. 

Quotations continue to decline and there is no 
activity on the maiket. 

bags. 

Domestic rice in Fukagawa 980.637 

Foreign rice in Fukagawa 151,727 

Delivery. Closing Price. 

July... '4'2 

August '4 49 

September • '4 ^5 



26 Rffi-n-£¥2j3lfrB!RHBiB««Bi>T THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 3, 1909. 



RICE AT wholesale: standard price. 

(Tokyo.) per koku. 

Superior Yen 14 70 

Medium 1 370 

Common 1 2 70 

Average 1 3.70 



(Osaka.) 

J"W 13.92 

August 1429 

September ... 14.29 



(Kobe.) 

July 13-95 

August 14.24 

September... 14 30 



EXCHANGE. 

Yokohama July 2 
London silver ,' a lower, China sterling quotations 
riot yel received and local rates unaltered, closing as 
under for the mail via Siberia. 

London — Hank T.T % 

— — Hills on demand 

— — 4 months' sight 

— Private 4 monihs' sight ','oji 

— — 6 months' sight a o^J 

Paris & l.yoim — Hank sight 2 $7}4 

— Private 4 months' sight 262 

Hongkong —Bank sight per J100 S7* 

— Private 10 days, sight do 85* 
Shanghai — Bank sight $6* 

— Private 10 days' sight &7}4* 

India — Hank sight '53J^ 

— Private 30 days' sight 1 c 5/^ 

America — Hank sight , A9% 

— Private 30 days' sight ro>£ 

— Private 4 months' sight S*/i^% 

Germany — Bank sight 30 g 

— Private 4 months' sight 313 

Bar Silver (London) *Z 7 A 

* Nominal. 



MAIL 57 K A IV hits. 

NKXT MAIL IS |->f 1 K 
from Line. Steamer. 

Seattle G. N Minnesota 1 

Hongkong. ,.N.Y.K....Shinano Maru j 
Vane -uver.. .C. P. U....Em. of India 

Seattle N.Y.K....Iyo Maru 

Hongkong. ..P. M Korea 

Europe N. D. L...KIiest 

America P. M Manchuria 

Hongkong. ..C. P. R....Em. of China 

Futope M. M Ernest Simons 

Hongkong ..IS. I Oceano 

America T. K. K...Chiyo Maru 

Hongkong...'!'. K. K....Nippon Maru 
Tacoma |$. L Aymeiic 

1 Left Seattle on the 23rd ulV. 

2 Left Hongkong on the 22nd ult. 



Oaif 



Hor 

Portland... 
Europe ... 
Shanghai 
Seattle ... 
Hongkong 
Kir ope ... 
Hong koug 
Km ope ... 
America... 
Hongkong 
Hongkong 
Vain inn-el 
TaconiR ... 
Hongkong 
America... 

Hongkong 
Australia , 
Tacoma... 
Ameiica... 



NKk'l MAIL I.KAVKS 
Line Steamer, 

P. & A....Heiirik Ibsen 
N. I). i....Yoik 
.N Y. K...Hakuai Mam 
N. Y. K ...Shinano Mrfi'fl 

G> N Minnesota 

N. Y. K...Kawachi Maru 
C. P. P.... Em. of India 

M M Armand Behic 

P. M Korea 

P. M .Manchuria 

N. Y. K... .Ceylon Main 
C. P. H. , Em. ol China 
if L ... . o ( eano 

IK. K...Chivo Maru 
IVK. K ...Nippon Maru 

P L Aymeiic 

N. V. K ...Yawata Mnrtl 

& S Titan 

Ci R A'tal Fouiichon 



Su 


July 4 


Su. 


July 4 


\V 


July 7 


Th. 


July 8 


Sa 


July 10 


Su 


July 1 1 


Su 


July 1 1 


tti 


July 13 


\v. 


July 13 


F. 


July 16 


Sa. 


July 17 


Tu 


July 20 


VV 


July 21 


1 > 




Sa. 


J'^iy 3 


Sa 


July 3 


Su 


July 4 


Tu 


Inly 6 


\Y. 


July 7 


\V 


July 7 


Th 


July 8 


Sa 


July 10 


Su. 


July 1 1 


M. 


July 12 


M 


July 12 


Tu 


July 13 


Sa 


July 17 


M. 


July 19 


\V 


July 21 


'Hi 


July 22 


Sa 


July 24 


Su 


July 25 


F. 


Aug 20. 



FUKUSHIMA & Co.. 

Tokyo, July 2nd, 1909. 



Bonds and Stocks. 



Face I 
Value. 



Bonds and Debentures. Yen 

EXCHEQUER BONDS 2nd 100 

EXCHEQUER PONDS 3rd 100 

NEW IMPERIAL BONDS ISSUED 1906 100 



WAR LOAN 
5% IMPERII 



Tobacco Monopoly Bonds (Maik ft=E) 

Tobacco Monopoly Bonds (Mark £=H) 

Yokohama Water Works Bonds 

Yokohama City Woik Bonds 

Osaka Harbour Construction Bonds 

Kawasaki Shipbuilding Yard's Dcbentuies 

Osaka Steam Ship Co.'s Debentures ... - 

Banks 

Nippon Ginko (I'ank of Japan) 

Kogyo Ginko (First class) 

,, (Second class) 

,, (Eiist new, issued in London) 

YOKOHAMA SPECIE BANK 

Taiwan Ginko (Bank of Formosa) 

Railway & Electric Tramway Co.'s 

Hokuetsu Railway Co 

Kwansai Railway Co 

Kyush Railway Co. New 

Hokkaido Tanko Steamship Co 

„ (New Issue) 

1 okio Railway Co 

New 

Sobu Railway Co 

(Fifth New) 

KE1H1N ELECTRIC TRAMWAY CO 

YOKOHAMA ELECTRIC TRAMWAY CO 

Hanshin Electric Tramway Co 

„ ,. (New Issue) 



Electric Light and Gas Co.'s. 



TOKYO ELECTRIC LIGHT C O 

,, ,, New 

YOKOHAMA ELECTRIC LIGHT CO. 



New 



Osaka Electiic Light Co 

Kobe Electric Light Co 

Ujigawa Electric Co 

TOKYO GAS CO 

„ New, 2nd Issue 

Osaka Gas Co 

Steamship and Dockyard Co.'s. 

Japan Mail Steam Ship Co. (N.Y.K.K.) 

Oriental Steam Ship Co. (T.K.K.K.) 

Osaka Steamship Co. (Osaka Shosen K.K.) 

YOKOHAMA DOCK CO 

Uraga Dock Co 

Kawasaki Ship Building Yard 

Spinning and Weaving Co.'s- 

KANEGAIUCHI COTTON SPINNING CO 

,. ., .. News... 

Tokyo Cotton Spinning Co 

FUJI G ASIAN ( OTTON SPINNING CO 

Imperial Hemp Weaving Co 

,, „ New 

Nisshin Spinning Co 

Exchange. 

TOKYO STOCK EXCHANGE 

1 okyo Rice and Merchandise Exchange 

Osaka Stock Exchange 

Osaka Rice Exchange 

Brewery Co.'s. 

DAI NIPPON BEER BREWERY CO 

,, „ ,, New 

Japan Peer Brewer) Co. (Kit in) 

Godown Companies- 

YOKOHAMA CH1UO GODOWN CO.. LTD. ... 
Yokohama ISoeki Godown Co.. Ltd 

Fire Insurance Co.'s- 

Tokyo Fire Insurance Co., I td 

YOKOHAMA FIKF & TRANS. INS. CO. LTD. , 
Meiji Fiie ffisurMftce Co., Lid 

Oil Co 's. 

Hoden Oil Co 

Nippon Oil Co 

Sugar Manufacturing Co.'s- 



5° 



Paid D j vi 5|- I 

Up. ? nd Per 
Annum. 



Dividend Payable. 



Average ' 
Quotations 



Veil p er ce,,, 
IO0 
loo 
loo 



Yen. 



100 


loo 


5 


1 00 


I 00 




loo 


1 00 


* 


100 


I 00 


[ 


100 


1 00 


\ 


100 


1 00 


* 
\ 


loo 


1 00 




100 


1 00 


c 
3 


1 00 


1 00 


6 


100 


1 00 


15 


1 00 


1 00 


f. 
u 


loo 


1 00 


6 


1 00 


1 00 


f. 

u 


200 


200 


12 


50 


50 


8 


50 


37 5 C 


8 


5o 


5o 


8 


100 


too 


12 


100 


100 


10 


en 


50 


0 




5° 


f. 

0 


5° 


45 


9-4 


5° 


50 


14 


50 


25 


14 


5o 


50 


5 4 


5° 


25 


5-4 


5o 


So 


1 5 


5° 


45 


1 5 


50 


5° 


6 


5° 


50 


6 


50 


So 


12% 


50 


12.50 


\2% 


CO 
3 U 


cn 


1 z 


CO 


10 
j° 


I 2 


CO 
3 U 


cn 


18 
1 0 


co 

3" 


3° 


I 0 


5° 


5° 


12 


Co 


so 


'3 


50 




5 


en 

5° 


5° 


•3 


Co 


1 i c r\ 
17.50 


•3 


CO 


5° 


9-S 


5° 


50 


10 


5° 


5° 


no. 


2 5 


2 5 


£ 

0 


S° 


33 


1 2 


cn 
3° 


5° 


no. 


50 


S° 


8 


CO 


cn 


16 


50 




16 


5° 


5° 


5 


co 

3" 


Cn 
3° 


18 


5° 


S° 


1 2 


50 


25 


12 


SO 


12.50 


5 


5° 


50 


15.2 


50 


50 


16 


So 


50 


10 


50 


50 


12 


So 


s° 


'S 






'S 


5° 


5° 


6 


So 


So 


12 


20 


20 


14 


So 


12* 


no. 


5o 


I2# 


16 



50 1 20 



March— September 
Match — September 
June — December 
June — December 
June — December 
June — December 
June — December 
March — September 
June — December 
June — December 
June — December 
June — December 
March — September 
June — December 
June — December 
|une — December 

February— August 
June — December 
June — December 
tune — Deceml>er 
Febi uary — August 
Feb. uaiy — August 

June — December 
March — September 
June — December 
June — December 
May — November 
May — November 
March — September 
June — December 
June — December 
May — November 
May — November 
Apiil— October 
April — October 

May — November 
Maj — November 
May — November 
May — November 
May — November 
June — December 
Match— September 
June — December 
June — December 
June — December 

April — October 
February — August 
Jui.e — December 
May — November 
June — December 
May — November 

lune— December 
June — December 
lune — December 
lime — December 
June — December 
lune— December 
May — November 



May — November 
May — November 
May — November 
June— December 

June — Deceml>er 
June — December 
June— December 



June — December 
June — December 

May- 
June 

Merck 



New 



New 



So 


50 


3^ 


March — September 


97.70 


50 


So 


24 


June — December 


99.50 


5° 


5° 


no. 


Apiil — October 


l8 2D 


50 


20 


no. 


Apiil — October 


5.20 


50 


So 


10 


June 


78.53 


50 


2 S I 


10 


June . 


40.O J 


50 


«S 


70 


June 


32-S° 



July 3, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 




Regard Cuticura Soap 
and Cuticura Ointment 
as unrivaled for Preserv- 
ing, Purifying and Beau- 
tifying the Skin, Scalp, 
Hair and Hands, for Sana- 
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and for the Nursery. 

Sold throughout the world. Depots: London, 37, 
Charterhouse Sq.; Paris, 5, Rue de la Pali; Austra- 
lia, R. Towns A Co., Sydney; India. B. K. Paul. 
Calcutta; China, Hong Koni{ Dnis Co.; Japan, 
Maruya. Ltd., Toklo: Russia, Ferreln, Moscow; 
Bo. Africa. Leunon, Ltd., Cape Town, etc.: U.S.A.. 
Potter Drut! & Chem. Corp., Sole PropH., Boston. 

aarPost Free. Cuticura Booklet oq the Skin 



LAI LSI SHIPPING. 



ARRIVALS. 

U Entrecasteaux. French ciuiser, 8,723, Captain 
Thjbaulf. 25th June, — Kobe. 

Hiikinri Marti, Japanese steatner, 1.434, T. Irisawa, 
251b June, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Riojun Mtfru, Japanese steamer, 2.980, T. Tihballs, 
25th June. — Oiaru via poits, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Katno Maru, Japanese steamer, 5,284, F. L. Sommer, 
25th Jim -, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha 

Siam, Danish steamer. 2, 4^9, Cortsen, 25th June, — 
Copenhagen via poits, General. — Samuel Samuel 
& Co. 

Teucet, Htitish steamer steamer, 5,805, G. W. 
Paikinson, 26th June, — Glasgow and Liveipool 
via purls. — General. — I'uttei field & Swire. 

Kaivachi Maru, Japanese steamer, 3.782, H. Peter- 
sen, 26th June,— O am. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Mongolia, American steamer, 8 700, Heniy E. Mor- 
ton, 26th June, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and 
General. — I'.M. S.S. Co. 

H ogo Maru, Japanese steamer, 882, S. Kushibiki, 
271b june, — Bonin Island, Mails and General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Siberia, American steamer, 5,655, A. Zeeder, 27th 
June, — San Francisco via Honolulu, Mails and 
General. — P. M. S.S. Co. 

Fushiki Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,110, Shimidzu, 
27th June, Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha. 



Benten Matu, Japanese steamer, 2,668, M. Deguchi, 
27th June, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Koiick, Russian steamer, 684. M. Bitte, 27th June,— 
Petropaviovsk, General. — Smith Baker & Co 

Yorck, German steamer, 5,133, J. Randermann, 
28th June, — Hamburg and Bremen via ports. 
Mails and General. — H. Ahrens & Co., Fachf. 

Monmouth, British cruiser, 7,800, Ed. K. Fletcher, 
28di June. — Wei-hai-wei via Nagasaki. 

Monteagle, British steamer, 3,953, S. Robinson, 28th 
June, — Vancouver, B.C., Mails and General. — 
C. P. R. Co. 

Taichu Matu, Japanese steamer, I 804, I. Goto, 29th 

[une, — Takao, General. — OsikaShosen Kaisha. 
Japan, British steamer. 3.806, Olifant, 29th June, 
— -Calcutta via ports. General. — Comes & Co. 

Cidkugo Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,458, S. C. 
Hiortdahl, 29th June, — Shanghai via ports, Mails 
and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Persia, Austrian steamer, 3 842. P. Giurgevich, 30th 
June, — Fiume and Trieste via ports, General. — 
Heller Bros. 

Glenesk, British steamer, 2,275, J no - Raffeity, 30th 

June, — London via p>rts. General. — Jardine, 

Matheson & Co. 
Dakotah, British Tank s'eamer, 2,593 VV. A. Ross 

301I1 June, — Hongkong, General. — Standard Oil 

Co. 

Colombo Maru, Japanese steamer, 2.920, K. Combes, 
30th June, — Kobe, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kasha. 

Tenyo Maru, Japanese steamer, 7,265, Earnest Bent, 
30th June, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 

Oriental, Biitish steamer, 3,085, A. L. Valentini, 
30th June, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral.— P. & O. S.N. Co. 

Arniand Behic, French steamer, 2,819, Lafont, 30th 
Marseilles via ports, Mails and General. — M.M. 
Co. 

Choshu Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,203, T. Yasu- 
nnga, 3 th June, — Dairen General.— Osaka Sho- 
sen Kaisha. 

Iki, Japanese Coast Defence ship, 9,700, Capt. 
S. Tsukiyama, 30th June, — Yokosuka. 



DEPARTURES. 
Matsuyama Maru, Japanese steamer, 1. 959, Y. 

Nomura, 251I1 June,— Otaru via ports, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Benledi, British sieamer, 2,509, Alex. Webster, 26th 

June, — Vladivostock, Ceneral, —Comes & Co. 
Kumano Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,147, M. Winck- 

ler, 26th June. — Sydney and Melbourne via ports, 

Mails and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Han Sana;, Korean steamer, 796. J. S. Gundersen, 

26th June, — Osaka, General. — Japanese. 
Tourane, French steamer, 2,338, Lancelin,. 26th 

June, — Marseilles via ports, Mails and General. 

—M.M. Co. 

Miike Maru, Japanese steamer. 2 060. F. A. Fegen, 
27th June, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

IVakanoura Matu, Japanese steamer, 1.556, Ogawa, 
27th June, — Takao, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Yamaguchi Maru, Japanese steamer, '2,059, J. 

Arakawa, 27th June, — Shanghai via poits, Mails 

and General.— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Brasilia, German steamer, 4.235, Jaegei, 27th June. 

— H vie and Hamburg via ports, General, — C. 

lilies & Co. 

Mongolia, American steamer, 8,700, Henry E. Mor- 
ton, 27th June. — San Francisco via Honolulu, 
Mails and General. — P. M. S.S. Co. 

Teucer, Biitish steamer, 5.805, G. VV. Paikinson, 
27th June, — Puget Sound ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Buttei field & Swire. 

Siam, Danish steamer, 2,489, Coitsen, 28th June, — 
Copenhagen via ports, General.— Samuel Samuel 
& Co. 

Sibetia, American steamer, 5,655, A. Zeeder, 28th 
June, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. 
—P. M. S.S. Co. 

Aid Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,995, K. Sato, 28th 
June, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. 
— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Riojun Mafic, Japanese steamer, 2,980, T. Tihballs, ' 
28th June, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Hyoe;o Matu, Japanese steamer, 882, S. Kushibiki, 1 
28th June, — Yokkaichi, Genera!.— Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha. 

Monteagle, Biitish steamer, 3.953, S. Robinson, 28th 
June, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Geneial. — 
C.P.R. Co. 

Deucalion, Biitish s'eanier, 4.476, J. Ripenhausen, 

29th J une, — London, Amsterdam and Antwerp via 

ports, General. — HiitterhVId & Swire. 
Simla, Biitish steamer, 3,828, G. D. Goldsmith, 29th 

June, — Marseilles. London and Antwerp via ports, 

General— P. & O. S.N. Co. 
Ben/en Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,668, M. Deguchi 



29th Tune,— Otaru via poits, General.— Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 
Fushiki Matu, Japanese steamer, r,uo, Shimidzu, 
30th June, — Hakodate, General.— Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha. 

Sanufd Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,789, K. Homma, 
30th June, — Muroran, General. — Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha. 

Japan, British steamer, 3,806. Olifant, 30th June, 
— Calcutta via ports, General.— Comes & Co. 

PASSENGERS. 

ARRIVED. 

Per American steamer Mongolia from Hongkong 
via ports: — Miss C. M. Beech, Mr. S. Bosnian and 
servant, Mrs. S. Bosnian S. children and servant, 
Mrs. T. S. Van Buren and maid, Mr. F. Dieiig, 
Mr. C. Embiiger, Mr. J. Shirley, Mrs. L. X. Thomas, 
Mrs. H. J. Whitlev, Lady Woo and 2 servants. Mr. 
Y. Tomoro and Mr. VV. A. Wilson. For Honolulu : 
— Mr. Loo Pun and Mr. long Yick Hin. For San 
Fiancisco :— Mr. L. St. Amait, Mr. D. G. Beebe, Mr. 

A. E. Chandler. Mr. W. C. Cram. Mrs. W, C. Cram 
and infant, Master Wm. Cram, Miss B. F. Dawson, 
Mr. A. de Trcmont, Mr. W. H. Fiiebel, Mr. S. F. 
Gaches, Mr. R, H. Hariell, Mrs. R. H. Harrell and 
infant, Miss Harrell, Mr. J. T. Hayes, Mr. J. H. 
Hendrick, Mrs. J. H. Hendrich, Mrs. M. Jackson, 
Mr. J. R. Jamieson, Dr. Kelly, Miss J. E Kibbe, 
Mr. K. Levenson, M r . H. M. Tnska, Miss S E. 
Levenson, Mr. G. Lerolle, Mrs. D. F. Maloney, Mr. 
E. E. Megget, Mr. F. E. Meigs, Mrs. F. E. Meigs 
Master Baile Meigs, Rev. E. H. Miller, Mrs. E. H. 
Miller, Mrs. Eli/.. Miller, Major L. E. Jones, Mrs. 
Myrtle Nygren, Mr. L. Parkinson, Mrs. L. Paikinson, 
Dr. Wm. Quinn, Miss C. E Reid, Mr. N VV. Smith, 
Miss S. S. Soull, Mrs. H. Shimer, Miss O Shinier, 
Mr. G. Soulie, Capt. von Koch, Mr. E. A. Wakefield, 
Mr. M. E. Wakefield, Mrs. J. E. White, Miss White, 
Rev. H. K. VViight and infant, Mr. C. S. Chow. 
Mr. Chan Sok Him, Mr. Chang Chung, Mr. Jay 
Kile, Miss Hoo Chuen Sen, Mr. Ho-> Chuen Sen, 
Mr. Fong Poi, Mrs. Fong Poi, Mrs. Fong Shee and 
datiglner, Mr. H. E. Met Hung Chun, Mrs. Met 
Hung Chun, Mrs. Met Hung Chun, 4 children and 
2 servants, Mr. Tong Wai, Mr. Wong Ohl Chuck, 
Mi. Wong Wook, Miss Wong Sun and Mis. Yee 
Shee in cabin. 

Per American steamer Siberia, from San Fran- 
cisco via Honolulu : — Mrs. J. F. Abbott, Piof. 
Giuseppe Belei, Mr. Harold Bixby, Miss Josephine 
Cadoux, Mr. J. V. Coffey, Mr. Jeremiah Caffey, Mr. 
Wm. Cauzelman, Mr. Elliot Dixon, Mr. Paul C. 
Jaehne, Dr. Bernaid Martin, Mrs. B. Martin, Mr. 
Leonatd Martin, Mr. M. Mascareuas, Dr. Antoins 
Bonora, Mrs. A. Bonora. Miss Renie Bonora, Mr. 
Chas. W. Slack, Mrs. W. Slack, Miss Ruth Slack, 
Miss Edith Slack, Mr. Geo. Whitelaw, Mr. D. L. 
Oleson, Mr. E. F. O'Reillv, Mr. B F. Dake, Mis. 
Myra E. Myers, Mr. Alex, (.lark and Miss Annie L. 
Miller. For Kobe :— Mr. W. E. Dickenson. For 
Nagasaki: — Mr. Alexander Denbigh. For Shang- 
hai: — Mr. James L. Cowen, Mr. Philip Tong and 
Mr. E. W. Carmichael. For Hongkong: — Mr. J. F. 
Bard, Mr. C. M. Bond, Mr. A. R Braue, Mr. Chan 
Sing Nam. Mrs. J. H. Churchill, Mr. Geo. F. Curtis, 
Miss Grace Day, Mis. Edw. Dudley, Mr. PeicyG. 
Dwyre, Mr. E. C. Finley, Mr. John Fawler, 
US. Consul, Mr. H. B. Fawler, Mrs. H. B. Fawler, 
Mr. Win. F. Hugger, Mr. Jose H. Jalandoni, Miss 
Laura Johnson, Miss Leslie G. Klepinger, Mr. M. C. 
Lauiitzen, Mrs. M. C. Lauritzen, Mr. Jose S. Lopez, 
Mr. Emilis Mapa, Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Peabody, Mis. 

C. A. Spoffoid, Miss Baibava Spofford, Dr. and 
Mrs. L. C. Mendel, Miss Irene Mendel and Miss 
Anna Doulin, in cabin 

Per British steamer Monteagle from Vancouver 

B. C. :— Mr. A. Alter, Mrs. A. Alter, Mr. John Alter, 
Mt. Robt. H. Barton, Mr. Melville Barton. Mr Win. 

. Bums, Mr. J. Biadle, Miss M. Cox, Rev. Dr. 
Desparte, Mi. A. M. Knapp, Mi-s Lenfesty, Mr. S. 
McKee, Mrs. K, C. Minor, Miss C. Minor, Mr. F. 
VV. Richardson, Mr. Waller Steed, Mr. C. Sliecke- 
wald, Mr. F. T. Williams, Mis. E. T. Williams and 
Master Williams in cabin ; 34 in steerage. 

DIPARTI'.I). 

Per Fiench steamer Tourane for Marseilles via 
ports:— Melle Oiah. Mr. VV. S. Gaskel!, Mr. W. 
Marr, Mr. C. Crowther, Mr. Revert, Mr. Mahe and 
I boy, Mr. le Dr. Diodoro Sanchez, Mr. Joseph, 
Rodolph Mad. Vve E. Caslaing and Mr. Uhran in 
cabin. 

Per American steamer Mongolia for S<n Franciso 
via Honolulu : — Lt. St. Amart, Mrs. L. Baird, Mr. 

D. G. Bed e, Mr and Mrs. E. de Beniczky, Mr. and 
Mrs. VV. K. Benton, Mr. and Mis. C. E. Bieeman, 
Mr. D. M. Biigh.nn, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Brown. 
Mrs. Jennie Brown, Mr. Louis Brownlow, Mr. and 
Mrs. F. A. Cassidy, Miss R. G. Cassidy, Master E. 
Cassidv, Mr. and Mrs. VV. K. Castle, Miss B. Castle, 
Mi. Clian Sok Him. Mr. Chang Chung, Mr. A. E. 
Chandler, Mr Chochen S Chow, Mr. and Mrs. VV. 
G. Cram and infant, Master VV. Cram. Mr. H. B. 
Cur ran, Miss Bessie Dawson, Hon. and Mrs. Chas. 
Denby, 3 clr.ldien and maid, Mr. W. Dening, Mrs. 



28 nffl»3£¥H^«B»B?lKM$5}^nI 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



rjuly 3. 1909- 



P. F. Dunne and 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. S. Arlent 
Edwards, Mr. and Mrs. F. T. Eldridge, Mr. O. W. 
Erbsloh, Mr. B, de Selignac Fenelon, Mr. and Mrs. 
Fong Poy, Mr. W. H. Friebel, Mr. S. F. Caches, Mr. 
W. K. Glen, Mr. B. Guggenheim, Lt. and Mrs. R. 
H. Harrell and 2 children!, Mr. J. T. Hayes, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. H. Hendrick, Miss Hoo Cluien Sen, Mr. 
Geo. Hume, Miss H. Huntley, Mrs. S. E. Hinlhut, 
Mr. and Mrs. G. Innes and infant, Master B. Innes, 
Mrs. J. M. Jackson, Mr. J. R. Jameson, Mr. Jay, Mr. 
J. Kanaki, Dr. W. Kelly, Miss L. E. Kibee, Mrs. M. 
W. King, Mr. T. Kitajima, Capt. Von Koch, Mr. G. 
Leiolle, Mr. E. Levenson, Miss S. E. J.evenson, Mr. 
Loo Pun, Mr. E. Machin, Mrs. D. T. Maloney, Miss 
S. Manning, Mr. T. D. McKay, Miss E. G. Mc- 
Ewen, Mr. E. E. Megge', ILL. Meh Hung Chun, 
Mrs. Meh Hung Chun, 4 children and 2 servants' 
Mr. & Mrs. F. E. Meigs & son, Mis. L, W. Messer, 
Mrs. E. Miiler. Rev. K. H. Miller. Miss Leon Hoon, 
Mr. J. K. Moss. Mrs. J. E. Moss, Mr. G. S. Moss, 
Mr. John Nickeisnn, Mrs. John Nygien, Hon. T. J. 
O'Brien, Mr. L. U. Parkinson, Mr. L. U. Parkins, 
Mis. L. U. Parkinson, Mr. Jrimes H. P.itetsou, Dr. 
Win. Quinn, Miss C. E. Reid, Miss C E. Reid, Miss 
M. J. Reid, Mrs. John Reilly, Mr. John Reilly, Jr., 
Mrs. John Reilly, Jr., MUs Grace Robertson, Col. O. 
Rowe, Miss Elsa Schaefer, Mr. J. J. Scott, Mr. 

F. C. Scott, Miss M. Scott, Miss S. S. Scull 
Mrs. D. R. Sessions and child, Mrs. H. Shinier and 
daughter, Dr. H. Sieber, Mr. E. YV. Smith, Mr. G. 
Soulie, Mr. K. Tanabe, Mrs. Tong Sliee. Mr. Tong 
Wai. Mr. Tong Yiclc Hen, Mr. A. de Treniont, Mr. 
H. M. Tuska. Mr. E. A. Wakefield, Mr. M. E 
Wakefield, Miss H. Wallace and maid, Mr. T. 
Wallace. Mr. F. Weddingen, Miss Annie E. Wheeler, 
Mrs. J. E. White, Mis. Earl Wilcox, Miss M. D. 
Wingate, Mr. and Mrs. Wong Chi Chuck. Miss 
Wong Sun. Mr. Wong Wok, Rev. H. K. Wright 
Mrs. H. K. Wright and infant, in cabin. 

Per American steamer Sib tin for Hongkong via 
poits: — Mr. W. E. Dickenson, Mr. A. Denbigh, Mr. 
James L. Cowan, Mr. Philip Tong, Mr. J. E. Bar?, 
Mr, Chas. M. Bond. Mr. A. R. Brane, Mr. Chan 
Sing Nam, Mrs. J. H. Churchill, Mr. Ceo. F. Cut lis, 
Miss Grace Day, Mrs. Edw. Dudley, Mr. P. G. 
Dwyie. Mr. E. C, Finley, Miss Anna Denlin, Mr. S. 
D. Hepburn, Mrs. S. D. Hepborn, Mr. John Fowler, 
U.S. Consul, Mr. H. B. Fowler, Mrs H. B. Fowler, 
Mis. Win. F. Hugger, Miss Laura Johnson, Mr. L. 

G. Klepinger, Mr. M. C. Lamiizen, M. C. Lauiitzen, 
Mr. E. Mapa, Mr. E. J. Peabody, Mrs. E.J. Peabpdy, 
Dr. L. C. Mendel, Mis. L. C. Mendel, Miss Iiene 
Mendel and Lady Woo and 2 servant in cabin. 



^^'WA^fe^ '^l- ill 



'Mm « n 9 M a M H 
Wm M 1 H \Y\ N \ - 




EB-Jafe. Jft fx \ i £&. /3 £&*sJ?!§ 



By Royal Warrant 
to H.M. the King. 



Raw & 
Tour one :— 



SILK SHIPPERS. 
Waste Silk shipped per steamer 



Raw. 



Waste. 



Hara Yushutsuten . 130 
Siher Wolf & Co.... 70 
Siil/.er Kiidol|ili &Co. 70 

Nabholz & Co 44 

jarcline, Matheson 

& Co 21 

L. Mi llet 21 

C. Eymard & Co. 20 

Sieber & Co 10 

Varenne & Co 

do 

Pila& Co 

Jewett, bent & Co.. 
OttoStreuli & Co .. 
Carlowitz & Co. ... 

Bavier & Co 

DeirOio & Co 



j 3 
— 3° 



6 
18 



— — 42 _ 



— 66 

— 3" 

— 18 

— 7 

— 7 



- 6 7 

30 (St. Etienne) 



Original 

and 
Genuine 
WORCESTERSHIRE.! 



— gives a cl alight f 
appetizing flavour 
all Meat Dishes, 
Fish, Soup, Game, 
teese and Salad. 




I HSShi.S IC AK HIV h. 



— — — — '5° — — 



Total 386 128 60 77 101 150 — 

Silk shippers by limprcss of Japan, for Vancouver, 
B.C., on the 24th June : — Bales. 

Nabholz & Co 85 

Vivanti Bios 7<S 

F. Sirahler & Co ,o 

Siber, Wolff & Co 20 

China & Japan Trading Co., Ltd 15 

L. Mottet S 

Mitsui Itussan Kaisha I 10 

K ito Gomei Kaisha 88 

Hara Vushulsuien 70 

Total 504 

Silk shippeis by Tosd MoTU\ for Se title, Wash., 
on the 23rd June : — Bales 

Nabholz & Co 50 

Vivanti Bros 40, 

China & Jap. in Tr.iding Co.. Ltd 27 

F. Sliahler Sk Co IO 

Kiito Gomei Kaisha 117 

Mitsui Bussan Knishti 75 

H.ua Yushoisuten 35 



Total 



363 



NAM x . 

Andalusia 
Aragonia 
Armand Behic 
Atsuta Maru 
Awa Maru 
Bedouin 
Bencleuch 
Benlarig 
Benvorlich 
Bombay Maru 
Caled: nien 
Car'thenshire 
j Carnarvonshire 
Ceylon M<nu 
China 

Chiyo Maru 
O01 tniund 
Eistern 
E. of India 
Fi nest .Simons 
Glenavon 
Gleuearu 
Glenesk • 
Hem ik Ibsen 
H tHchi Mam 
HuiLon 
Inaba M 11 11 
Ind 1 .1 wadi 
Jason 

rvanrgawa M. 
K.nonga 
K.izembe 
K lei st 
Korea 
Koti.n gsi 
M.idm .1 

Vlnltn 

Mancliuiia 

M.iioppo 



STEAM I' 

KUOM. 

Rotterdam 

New York 

Marseilles 

London 

London 

London 

Middlesbro 

London 

London 

Bombay 

Marseilles 

Middlesbro 

London 

Seattle 

San F'cisco 

San F'cisco 

Hambtug 

S> dney 

Vancouver 

Mai seilles 

Middlesbro 

London 
Lomlun 
Hongkong 
I ondon 
New Yoilc 
London 
New N'oik 
LWei pool 
Lin d >n 
New \ 01 k 
New Yoik 
Bi emeu 
Hongkong 

Marseilles 
Hamburg 

London 

San P < is <> 
New Ytn k 



KS. 

H KHIIM'Kli 

Passed Canal 
Lelt 

Left Kobe 
Left 

Left H'kong 
Passed Canal 
Left 

Passed Canal 
Left H kong 
Left 

Passed Canal 
Left 

Passed Canal 
Left 

Lelt I loiiolulll 

Leaves 

Left 

Left H'kong 

Left 

Left 

Left 

l'.issed Canal 
I-efl S'h.u 
Left 
L- ft 

Passed Canal 
Passed Omil 
P.isse I Canal 
Passed Can.d 
Leaves 
Left 

At Kobe 
Left CofutMho 
Leaves 
I'.'Ssetl Canal 
Left 

Left K,.l>e 
I eft 

z\t S h >i 



June 12 
June 1 
June 29 
June 26 
June 25 
May 10 
May 29 
June 7 
June 24 
June 25 
June 14 
May 29 
June 3 
June 22 
June 24 
June 29 
June 10 
June 29 
June 24 
lime 20 
May 29 
May 31 
|une 20 
June l8 
June 26 
Apr. 15 
J u e 25 
M >\ 31 
June lo 
July 10 
June 20 
June 24 
Jane 20 
June 29 
M iy 27 
M.y 2 
June 30 
June 24 
|une 1^ 



Minnesota 


Seattle 


Left 


June 23 


Mishima Maru 


London 


Left N'saki 


June 23 


Muazaki Main 


London 


Leaves 


July 17 


Orestes 


Liverpool 


P.issed Canal 


May 27 


Pakling 


London 


At S'hai 


June 17 


Patroclus 


London 


At H'kong 


June 30 


Persia 


Ti ieste 


left S'hai 


June 26 


P. Ludwig 


Hamburg 


Left Naples 


June 18 


P. Sigisintind 


Sydney 


Left H'kong 


June 26 


Promslheus 


Livei pool 


Passed Canal 


June 3 












** I tell you, man", 
it's as good as gold!' 



Cfc ± 15 H Hi 9 tf) 

» it m ■ m * ik T nr it i ■ 

y * y > — St (B it 



(The- Mnmn (CI etkli, 




09 

•±ia A REVIEW OF JAPANESE COMMERCE, POLITICS. LITERATURE, AND ART. -««« 



No. 2. 



K«G1ST>KBD AT TUB G.P.O. 
AS A NBWSf APBR, 



YOKOHAMA, JULY ioth, 1909. 



Vol. MI. 



?9 - 



Summary ot News 

Korea 

The Tanko Company 

The Nik-Kan Gas Company 

China 

Local Debts 

Pratas Island 

The New Houses of the Diet 

The Taxation of Earnings 

Peru and Oriental Labour 

Hokkaido and Saghalien 

The Nippon Yusen Kaisha 

Prince Tsai Cheng 

Political Parlies 

The Japance Army 

Railways in Manchuria 

Hawaii .. 

Japan's Finances 

An Appreciation of China 

National Debts 

Yokohan-a 

The Sugar Scandal .. ... 

The Imperial and Mrtropole Hotels 

The Kaiser 

The Railway Board 

Municipal Loans 

The Kei-Hin Railway 

The Tsocheng Affair 

Land in Russian and Japanese Tenure in Manchuria . 

The Shizuoka Police 

Yokohama's Jubilee 

The Hydro Electric Power Company 

The Tokyo-Narita Electric Railway 

Mr. Chirol ... ... 

The Yalu Timber Question 

Japan's Foreign Trade 

The Tokyo Electric Light O mpany 

The Ho gwanji Sale 

Haron I akahira 

Notes on t in r nt Events ... 

The Tokyo S ock Exchange 

Japanese Emigration 

Poetry 

Kamakura ... 

I he Perambulating Pierrots at Kamakura 

Leading Articles : — 

The Budget -Below the Surface ... 

A Contrast 

" Grnndstuck " 

The Bookshelf 

Independence Day ... 

Academic Cliquism and Exclusiyeness in Japanese Officialdom. 

Kobe Notes 

Seri us Loss to Nagasaki 

Our St Petersburg Letter ... 

Local Cricket 

Y'okonama 

Lloyd's Twentieth Century Series 

I<ocal Yachting ... 

The Chinese Students in Japan and the Work of the Chinese 

Young Men's Christian Association 

The Gymkhana 

Shinto Shrines 

St Joseph's College 

Notes from China ... ... 

Notice to Mariners 

Nanking Library 

" Marriage Customs in Japan" ... 

C-rrespondc'ice ' — 

The Monthly Religious Summaries 

An Omission in Doing IT nours 

Mr Dening and the Odio s Comparison ... 

" The Budget— Its Significance and Its Reception " 

Buddhism and Christianity 

Telegrams . 

Latest Commercial . -. 

I atest Shipping 



HAIS CK. OIIK DOIS: AHVIKNNH Ol'« I'oUKKA!' 



NOTION TO CoKKKSI't >NI>KNTS. 
Nti iml ice will betakeii til aimiiy iiioiis cm i es|iundeiice, 
What is intended fur insertion in the "Japan \Y kick IV 
MAI!. "must be authenticated l>y the name ami address 
of the writer, not lor publication, bill as a guarantee ol 
good faitH. 

It is particularly requested tlial all letters on business 
be addressed to lite Manakkk, and Cheques be made 
payable to same; ami that literary contributions lie 
addressed to the KlJlTOR 

Yokohama: Satukday; July ioth, 1909. 



DEATH. 

Karl 2ND, aged nine «nd one half year-, 
youngest son of Dr. and Mrs. Schwartz of 
Set dai. died on the morning of June 30, of 
meningitis, after a distressing illness of six weeks. 



SUMMARY OF NhWS. 



On July 5, several landslides occurred at Yoko- 
sttka. A bungalow was damaged, but no casual- 
ties ate reported. 

On July 3, a branch post office at Shibuya-cho, 
Tokyo, was destroyed by fire. No mail matter or 
official records were lost. 

'1 he Rev. James H. Pettee, D.D., resident 
in Japan for 30 years (well known as the Oka- 
yama Orphanage friend), is leaving for a well 



earned vacation by the S/iina/w Man/, accom- 
panied by his wife and daughter. 

Landslide have occurred in Yokohama — at 
Nishino-yato and in Motomachi i cliofne — the 
latter causing damage to an untenanted house. 

The donor of the ,£40,000 which saved Holbein's 
Duchess of Milan to England is said to be a lady, 
but her identity has so far been unrevealed. 

At Yunohira, on the summit of Mount Asama, 
Nagano prefecture, a post office will be open 
from July 1 1 to September 30, for ordinary mail 
matter and parcel post. 

A Cabinet Council was held on July 6. In addi- 
tion to the Ministers, the Chief Secretary of the 
Cabinet and the Superintendent-General of Police 
attended the council as usual. 

On the 6th instant, a goods train approaching 
Hodogaya from the west at an unusually high 
rate of speed struck a porter, who was about to 
cross the line. The man's injuries are said to be 

serious. 

A Nagasaki despatch states that the adoption of 
Miike as the future coaling station of U.S. trans- 
ports, in lieu of Nagasaki, is due to the fact that 
a saving of fifty sen a ton is effected by the 

change. 

A Kyoto Station porter, named Takahashi 
Kamekichi, and three others were arrested on 
July 5. It is alleged that they have stolen various 
articles of luggage, etc , deposited at the Kyoto 
Station. 

A Sendai telegram states that on June 30, the 
Zaintoku Rock at Oh ra-mura, Karita gori, gave 
way, blocking the road leading to Uzen pro- 
vince. Fortunately there were no casualties 

repotted. 

A wholly unforeseen result of the motor car 
mania has been the decline of Hyde Park as a 
place of fashionable resort, motor cars being ex- 
cluded at hours at which the Park has always been 
most frequented. 

A Nagasaki telegram received by the Tokyo 
Asahi quotes a Sydney despatch stating that a 
Japanese named Matsumoto Shuuzo has been 
driven out of the Commonwealth on suspicion of 
being a military spy. 

Thb board of directors of the Imperial Hotel 
Company have closed the Metropole Hotel at 
Tsukiji, Tokyo, for the time being. The General 
Manager of the Conpany, with four foreign 
employes, was dismissed on July 1. 

On the 3rd instant, the Sugata River, in Tochigi 
Prefecture, ovetflowed its embankments, doing 
considerable damage to the adjoining paddy 
fields and other plantations. Fbods are also 
reported from Shizuoka Prefecture. 

A Yokosuka despatch says that a Japanese 
lighter, laden with soy, struck on a reef oft the 
Kwannenji Point, in Kadzusa province, on July 
3. The cargo was lost, but the vessel itself was 
uninjured, and the crew were saved. 

A Nagoya despatch reports that the post-master 
and four other officials of the Nishiomachi Post 
Office were arrested on July 5. It is alleged that 
the first-named has misappropriated public mon-y 
and that the others have stolen postal orders. 

Baron Shibusawa, returning to Tokyo in his 
motor-car from a visit to Prince Ito on the even- 
ing of July 1, accidentally knocked down an old 
man, as he passed through the little town ofOiso. 
The motor-car was thrown into a paddy field, 
probably through the efforts of the chauffeur to 
avoid running over the man; but the Baron 
sprang out nimbly, and the car having been re- 



placed on the road by the villagers, he resumed 
liis journey to Tokyo, after presenting the old 
man. who was not serious'y injured, with a sum of 

money. 

In Kyushu, the railway line between Sakamoto 
and Sh raishi has been damaged in various places 
owing to the long-conlinu* d rain and the traffic is 
maintained only by changing cars. 

On July 6, fire broke out in one of the blocks of 
houses near the Ikuharubetsu Coal Mine, Ishikari, 
Hokkaido. Two blocks containing 40 dwellings 
occupied by colliers were destroyed before the 
fire was put out, and a child was burnt to death. 

On July a, when one of the Russian tourist 
parties visited the Hibiya Middle School, the 
" Hutrah " they exchanged with the students 
reached the ears of the Emperor, who is said to 
have been greatly pleased at such a demonstra- 
tion of cordiality. 

On July 6, a man in Kure bought a 12-/ '"# shell 
in a secondhand shop and when he was removing 
the rust fiom it with a chisel, the shell suddenly 
exploded. The man, and a girl standing by, 
were seriously injured and the ceiling of the 
house was demolished 

It is reported in the Japanese papers that a 
Captain belonging to the 14th Battalion of the 
Transport Corps, stationed at Utsunomiya, will 
be committed for tiial by court-martial in a day 
or two on a charge of having accepted a bribe 
from an army contractor. 

A Chiba telephone message reports that cn 
July 2, a 15 centimetre she 1, a trophy of the 
Russo-Japanese war that has been exhibited al 
the Ohara Agricultural School suddenly exploded. 
One of the students was struck by a fragment of 
the shell, and lost the sight of both eyes. 

The building permits granted in 104 cities of 
the United States in the month of May aggregated 
$94,599,004, an expenditure larger by 11.2 per 
cent, than has ever before been authorized in a 
single month. For the first five months of the year 
' the total amount for which permits were granted 
, was $370,758,043, an increase of no less than 73 
I per cent, over the corresponding period in 1908. 
This would certainly seem to indicate the revival 
I of confidence. 

[ The Imperial Household Department has pnr- 
j chased of Mr. Ichinoi Sobet, of Kyoto, two 
umbrellas, for the use of the Empress. They are 
made of pure white silk with a butterfly pattern 
specially teproduced by Mr. Nawa, an entomolo- 
gist in Gifti Prefecture. The butterflies are 
reproduced with wonderful accuracy and artistic 
skill, even the dust adhering to the wings l>eing 
beautifully and delicately copied on both the 
inner and outer sides of the umbrellas. 

Through numerous appliances have from time 
to time been contriv?d for the purpose of super- 
seding the familiar type of lifebelt, the latter still 
retains its popularity. Yet it possesses well* 
known disadvantages. A new device has now 
been evolved by an inventor of At. twerp. The 
belt comprises two buoyant cushions, which are 
designed to fit upon the chest and the upper patt 
of the back respectively, c mnected by straps 
pass'ng over the shoulders. The cushions are 
held firmly in the requisite positions by a belt, 
which passes round the waist, and fastens with a 
buckle. In this manner the wearer's head is kept 
J well above water, and there is no p s-dbility of his 
'equilibrium being upset. This lifebelt weighs 
from six and a half to seven pounds, nd can be 
I put on or taken oft" in a few seconds. It has been 
I submitted to severe trials in the water off Antwerp 
and other European harbours, and is said to have 
fully demonstrated its efficiency, 



30 mm*+*nnB*=mmmtoxsi THE Japan weekly mail. 



fjuly 10, 1909. 



KOREA. 

Thursday, July 1. 
The Japanese officials {serving as Vice- 
Ministers in Korea are reported to have held 
a meeting with reference to the continued 
poaching by Chinese fishermen in the north- 
eastern waters of Korea, but as to the de- 
cision adopted at the meeting nothing is 
said. 

Friday, July 2. 

From Seoul conies news which tends to 
confirm the recently circulated report that 
the Party known as the Dai Han Kyokai 
has decided to exchange its anti-Japanese 
policy for a pro- Japanese. Mr. Kwon, leader 
of the Party, is said to have presented to Mr 
Ichizuka, (or submission to the Resident- 
General, a memorial containing three pro- 
positions ; first, that Japan and Korea should 
be united so as to form one household ; 
secondly, that economic reforms should 
be vigorously Undertaken, especially the 
provision of communications and the en- 
couragement of productive industry : and 
thirdly, that the system of education should 
be abandoned. The same memoiial is said 
to have been presented to the Piime Minis- 
ter, and the Dai Han Kyokai are credited 
with willingness to amend it in any manner 
suggested by the Residency-General. 

Nothing is stated as to the position to 
be hereafter occupied by the II Chin-hoi 
or as to the reasons which have militated 
against continuous patronage of that As- 
sociation. It has been for some time evident, 
however, that the Resident-General no 
longer attached paramount importance to 
the support of the II Ching-hoi, and rumour 
affirmed very confidently that the sum of 
200,000 yen recently granted as compensa- 
tion for injuries suffered by members of the 
Party at the hands of the insurgents was in 
part a solatium. The Dai Han Kyokai are 
understood to have much greater potentiali- 
ties than the II Ching-hoi. 

It is stated that Mr. Pak Yongho is grow- 
ing tired of his exi'e on Quelpart Island and 
that he is endeavouring to curry favour with 
the new Resident-General in the hope ol 
being recalled to Seoul to take a high official 
position. 

It is expected that Piince Ito will arrive 
at Seoul on the 6th inst. ; that on the 7th 
he will be received in farewell audience by 
the Emperor ; that on the 8th a banquet 
will be given in his honour in the Palace ; 
that on the oth he will lay the corner stone 
of the new Central Bank of Korea, and that 
on the I ilh he will be entertained by 
General Karon Okubo. The Kokumin says 
that pictoiial post cards will be issued to 
commemorate Prince Ito's career in Korea. 

Mr. Yi Keun-thaik left Seoul for Japan on 
the 30th ultimo, nominally to recuperate his 
health. Rightly or wrongly, this poli- 
tician has acquired the reputation of being 
the arch-plotter of Korea. 

According to the Asahi S/iimlnin, one of 
tile most prominent features of the policy 
pursued by the new Residency- General will 
be road making. This useful woik appears 
to be planned on quite an extensive scale. 

Saturday, July 3. 
It was recently stated that ihe remnants of 
the insurgents were infesting the southern 
parts of Chhollado ami that by taking refuge 
on the islands near the coast of that province 
the)' were able to elude capture. Hut the 
latest report mentions the provinces of 
Pyong an and Hwang-hai as their present 
locale. At all events it seems ceitain th.it 
they have added piracy t<> their other 



exploits,' and that a special class of war- 
vessel is to be immediately constructed for 
getting at them. Accounts differ as to whether 
16 or 24 of these vessels are to be built, 
but it appears certain that an order for at 
least eight has been placed with the Mihara 
Building Yard in Osaka ; that the vessels are 
to be furnished with oil engines ; that they 
will be specially adapted for manoeuvring in 
shallow waters, and that they are to cost 
40,000 yen These ships will also be utilized 
for checking the poaching operations now 
carried on by Chinese in the waters of north- 
western Korea. 

The II Chinghoi are said to have broken 
up their local organizations, and to have 
resolved that they will limit themselves in 
future to one yearly meeting in Seoul. 



Sunday, Jul)' 4. 

It has been decided to build a jetty at 
Gensan, having a width of 24 yards and a 
length of 300. The work will cost 300,000 
yen and the main part will be completed by 
the close of this year. 

It was originally supposed that Piince Ito 
would travel to Seoul v:a Chemulpo, but it 
now appears that he is to land at Masampo 
and take the train thence for the capital, 
which he will reach on the 5th inst. 

The programme that his Highness will 
follow while in Seoul is said to be this: — 
Audience with the Emperor on the 6th inst. ; 
banquet at the Residency General on the 
7th inst ; garden party given by the Korean 
Ministers at the Emperor's command on 
the 8th ; audience with the ex- Emperor 
and banquet at the latter's Palace on the 
9II1, and in the evening a banquet given by 
the Directors of the Eastern Colonization 
Company ; garden party given by the 
retiring and incoming Residents General on 
the I oth ; garden party given by the First 
Bank and banquet by the officer command- 
ing the troops on the 1 ith, and a garden 
party given by the Japanese residents on 
the 1 2th. 

The il/ainichi Dempo has a telegram from 
its Seoul correspondent who quotes General 
Okubo as saying in effect that he intends toj ness was 
adopt most vigorous measures for stamp-, § ate a,1 ° 
iug out the remnants of the insurrection 
He spea 

ed by 5 per cent , but on wiiat basis 
this calculation is made the correspondent 
does not state. Baron Okubo seems to 
imply that his drastic programme did not 
meet with the entire approval of Piince Ito. 
He alludes with enthusiasm to the plan for 
building shallow-draught gunboats to push 
home ihe campaign against the Island 
refuges of the insurgents off the coast of 
Chhollado 

Our readers will remember that one of 
the leading Japanese newspapers recently 
criticised the proposed establishment of a 
Central Bank in Korea on the ground that 
the contemplated programme would involve 
restoiing to Korea a large measure of financial 
independence. It would now seem that lliis 
apprehension was chimerical- I he Bank is 
to be established by Japanese subjects, and 
though its organisation will be under the 
provisions of Japanese law, no changes will 
be permitted subsequen'ly without the con- 



Profound caution was a salient characteiistic 
of Prince Ito's administration. He did noth- 
ing without considering its probable and 
possible consequences from every point of 
view. Viscount Sone seems disposed to go 
ahead without quite so much reflection. His 
programme of extensive railway construction 
is attracting great attention. If carried to 
completion, it will involve an expenditure of 
from 40 to 50 million yen. People are 
asking why this sweeping reform in the 
matter of communications has been thus 
suddenly inaugurated, and the answer is 
thought to be found in the impression 
produced on Viscount Sone by his recent trip 
through the provinces. He found on that 
occasion so many indications of the grind- 
ing poverty of the Korean people, that he 
became convinced of the necessity of 
adopting some strong and speedy measures 
for their relief. Railway building is evidently 
the most efficacious procedure, for it not only 
gives employment to the needy elements of 
the population but also serves as a potent 
developer of the country's resources. 

With reference to the insurrection we take 
the following from the Seoul Ifress : — 

A report concerning ihe stnte of the insurrection in 
the interior says that order is gradually being icstored 
in Kyougki and Whanghai provinces, while the in- 
surgents infesting Whachon, Hoiyaug, Pyongkang 
and Yiclion districts in Kuigwon-do and Anipyon 
district in H-unkyong-do have lately somewhat in- 
creased in number, due to the insurgents who have 
joined them after making good theii escape from 
Ya gju and Pochon districts in Kyongki-do. Another 
report says lhat the insurgents who have their head- 
quartets at Pongwha, Naisong and Sunheung districts, 
in North Kyongsang-do, and southern districts of 
Kangwon-do and Chonla-do aie still quite active and 
ihe gendarmes outposts in those distnets have lately 
been reinforced, about 40 stations having been newly 
established. 



Tuesday, July 6. 
Prince Ito arrived at Masampho early on 
the morning of the 5U1 instant by the auxil- 
iary cruiser Manshu Ma.ru. He received a 
great welcome, all the school-children parad- 
ing and greeting him with cheers and 
waving of flags, fire-works being discharged 
and the ships in port dressed. His High- 
met by an Imperial Dele- 
by the Prime Minister, who, 
together with several other high offi- 
; of the trouble having increas- cials - proceeded to the ship before the 

Prince landed. His Highness took the 9.30 
a.m train for Seoul and reached that place 
at 7 p.m., where a number of important per- 
sonages and a guard of honour were waiting 
at the station to greet him. The Cham 
beilain who went to Masampho was the 
bearer of an Imperial message couched in 
warm terms. On the evening of the 5th the 
Prince gave a banquet to the principal Jap- 
anese military and naval officers in the 
Peninsula. The Imperial Envoy was present 
also. 

Arrangement have been nearly complet- 
ed for establishing the Central Bank of 
Korea. Theie have been seveial Cabinet 
councils lo consider the question, and it is 
ex :ected that the statutes, consisting of 50 
articles, will be published 011 the 25th inst. 
The capital is to be 10 million yen, as already 
announced ; the shareholders will be limited 
to Japanese and Korean subjects and there 
will be a Korean Government's guar- 
sent of the Japanese Government. Thusj antee of 6 P* 1 * ce,,t ""erest on the paid- 
tlie Bank will be practically under Japanese up capital. It is intended jhat^ the Bank 
control. 



Monday, July 5. 
The Seoul correspondent of the Hochi 
ShimbiiH says that everyone in Korea ex- 

in 



shall ultimately be established under the laws 
of the two Empiies, as is the case with the 
Eastern Colonization Company, but since the 
necessity of obtaining the Diet's consent will 
entail some delay, the idea is to proceed at 



pected some new depasture in the sequel of' once under Korean law. Evidently all the 
the change of Residents General, and that 'power of control and direction will be in 
the expectation seems likely to be fulfilled. Japanese hands ; the provisions of Japanese 



July io, 19C9.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL 



Coininercial Law will be applied in so far as 
they relate to joint stock companies, and no 
changes of the Statutes will be permitted 
without the consent of the Japanese Govern- 
ment. Meanwhile steps are being taken for 
the transfer of the functions hitherto dis- 
charged by the First Bank. 

In connexion with this First Bank, we 
read that its nett profits for the half year just 
ended were 383,0007^, being 30,000 more 
than the figure for the previous term. 

With regard to the insurrection, the pre- 
sent forecast is that, by recourse to the 
shallow-draught gun-boats now under con- 
struction, peace and good order will be fully 
restored in the course of a year and a half. 
The gunboats — or, at least, some of them — 
are to serve for another purpose also : they 
are to be fish-carriers. It appears that some 
600 or 700 Japanese fishing boats frequent 
Korean waters every year. In the neigh- 
bourhood of Quelpart, Kusan and Masan 
alone 500 find employment. But they 
are unable, for the most pait, to reap 
the fruits of their industry owing to want 
of means for conveying their catcli to 
market. Thus fish costing only 2 sen at 
the place of capture, can not be sold for less 
than 10 sen at Fusan, and great quantities 
have to be thrown away owing to the im- 
possibility of getting them to any of the 
consuming centres. Therefore the idea is 
to utilize a portion of the new gun boats for 
that purpose. There are said to be various 
other plans for the development of the 
country's resources, but tiiey seem to still 
lack precision. Among other projects 
we find one for placing a majority of the 
mining industries in official hands. 

The Asalu Shhnbun says that since the 
monopoly of jinsen passed out of the hands 
of the Mitsui Firm 2 years ago and was put 
up to open tender, the Korean Government 
has received 60 yen per catty instead of 25. 
The tenderers have been Chinese from 
Shanghai. It is not to be supposed, however, 
that the great difference of price is due 
entirely to greed on the part of the Japanese 
firm. The main reason has been short crops. 
Thus the Korean Government has obtained 
a higher rate, but not a larger total, on the 
whole. 

Wednesday, July 7. 
At the banquet given by him on the 5th 
inst. in Seoul to high officials of Korea and 
China, Prince Ito made an impoitant speech. 
He said that he had accepted the office of 
Resident-General with the express prevision 
that he did not expect to accomplish more 
than the leading of Korea to the threshold of 
her new life, and now, at the conclusion of 
his three and a half years in that capacity, 
he did not claim to have achieved anything 
more. Viscount Sone, the new Resident- 
General, was in perfect accord with him as to 
the proper course to be pursued with regard 
to Korea, and therefore he, the speaker, 
trusted that the Viscount would receive 
in the discharge of his difficult duties 
whatever measure of cooperation and 
sympathy had been extended to himself. 
The guiding principle of his policy in Korea 
had been to convert the two neighbouring 
Empires into one household, and he wished 
to point particularly to the fact that in the 
gracious Rescript granted to him by the 
Emperor of Korea his Majesty had used the 
words " community of interests existing 
between the two countries." He was in a 
position to affirm that a similar principle 
actuated the Emperor of Japan, for in a long 
audience granted to him on the eve of his 
departure from Tokyo his Majesty had dis- 
tinctly intimated that such was his purpose, 



and had commissioned him to direct his 
energies to its accomplishment. 

On the 6th inst. his Highness accompanied 
by the new Resident-General had audience 
of the FLmperor of Korea, and after reporting 
his retirement from the office of Resident- 
General and formally introducing his suc- 
cessor, he was asked by his Majesty several 
questions about the Prince Imperial now 
residing in Japan, and about matters relating 
to domestic administration as well as to the 
Imperial Household. His Majesty then 
handed to the Prince a rescript couched in 
most courteous and complimentary terms. 
It set out by alluding to the autograph 
letter which his Majesty had caused to 
be conveyed to Prince Ito in Tokyo 
by the hand of the Prince Imperial. It 
then went on say that although Korea was 
indebted primarily to the gracious good-will 
of the Emperor of Japan for having been 
carried into the paths of progress duiing 
recent years, her profound thanks must be 
given to Prince Ito, through whose sincerity 
and sagacity this work had been directly 
achieved. That the Emperor of Japan, in 
consideration of Prince Ito's age, was unwill- 
ing to consent to his continued tenure of an 
office which kept him at a distance from 
Tokyo, was a sentiment with which the Korean 
Sovereign must sympathise, however much 
he regretted the separation which it entail- 
ed. He earnestly hoped, however, that 
Prince Ito would continue to direct the 
studies and watch over the career of the 
Prince Imperial in Tokyo, and that he would 
return to Seoul from time to time to assist 
the Korean Government with his counsels. 

The Prince then had audience of the 
Empress and subsequently lunched with the 
Emperor. He afterwards visited Lady Om, 
and reported to her the condition of the 
Prince Imperial in Tokyo. It need hardly 
be said that there was an interchange of 
handsome presents to maik the occasion. 

From an account of the Annual conference 
of the Methodist Mission in Korea, given 
by the Seoul Press, we extract the follow- 
ing :— 

The reports from all over Korea showed great 
gain in membership and most encouraging gain in 
self-support. The total contributions by the Koreans 
amounted to 63,000 yen. The full membership 
numbers 6,251, lire probationers 17,002, the total 
attendance 23,243, the seekers 20,571, making the 
grand total of nearly 50 thousand who are affiliated 
with the Church. 

The appointments of the foreign missionaries were 
about the same as last year, but several changes 
were made among the Korean members of the 
Conference. 

Bishop Harris presided with his usual skill and 
suavity and the meetings, in ^11 respects, have 
been very good. 

The day before they left, the Hon. Mr. and Mrs. 
Fairbank* were entertained by the Japanese residents 
in an excursion on the river, which they enjoyed 
very much. 

Thursday, July 8. 
It is stated that Prince Ito will remain in 
SeouPuntil the 14th inst. On the evening of 
the 9th he is to be banquetted by the ex- 
Emperor, and the telegraph says that when 
he leaves Seoul he will be accompanied to 
the South Gate of the city by the reigning 
Emperor. 

On the 7th inst. Prince Ito invited to the 
Residency-General the Prime Minister and 
several other high Korean officials, and 
explained to them at considerable length the 
circumstances connected with his retirement 
from office. His Highness also conveyed 
to the ex-Emperor photographs of the 
Prince Imperial now studying in Tokyo and 
letters from him to his parents. 

According to statistics compiled by the 
police in Korea, the number of foreigners 



now residing in that country are Chinese 
6705 ; Americans 318 ; British 152 ; French 
84; German 30; Russian 10; Greek li ; 
Italian 4; Belgian 3, and Norwegian 5, 
making a total of 7322. The number of 
Japanese is not included in tin's category, 
but, roughly speaking, they total 180,000. 



'HIE TAN KG COM I ANY. 



A great deal of attention has been direct- 
ed of late to the affairs of the Tan Ito S.S. 
Company, whose shares, from having been 
one of the most favouiite investments in the 
market, have rapidly fallen to a point lower 
in proportion than even that held by the 
ToyoKisen Kaisha's. Various reasons have 
been assigned for this debacle, but the 
principal is that owing to the very depressed 
state of the coal market, large quantities of 
that staple — rumour puts the amount at half 
a million tons — are piled up at the mouth of 
the pits and can not find an outlet. In these 
circumstances a dividend of 6 per cent, is 
spoken of as a maximum figure, and there 
being no prospect of an improvement in the 
market, next term's outlook is considered 
gloomy. A representative of the Jiji Shimpo 
has interviewed Mr. Inouye Kakugoro, Pre- 
sident of the Company, and has learned from 
him that the question of dividend was dis- 
cussed recently at a Directors' meeting, out 
no definite decision was reached. Mr. Inouye's 
view was to pay a dividend of 6 per cent., 
which would leave $0,000 yen to carry over to 
next account. To this there would be added 
100,000 yen accruing from interest on bonds 
and other sources, together with 130,000 
veil carried over from last term. Thus the 
total brought forward would be 280,000 yen. 
Moreover, 300 workmen and officials were 
to be dismised by June, and the colliery 
hands had agreed to work one hour longer 
daily without any increase of pay. Thus the 
outlook was very bright for next term. The 
other Directors, however, were disposed to 
think that, in the circumstances, such a large 
sum need not be carried over. They ad- 
vised that it should be reduced by 100,000 
yen so as to pay a dividend of 7 per cent. 
But Mr. Inouye held that to apply to pay- 
ing a dividend on coal the proceeds of 
transactions not connected with coal would 
not be sound finance. The point will have 
to be determined before the general meeting 
of shareholders on August 1st, but the pro- 
bable result will be a dividend of 6)4 per 
cent. 



THE NIK-KAN GAS COMPANY. 



A meeting of the projectors of this Com- 
pany was held on the 2nd inst. in the 
Bankers' Club under the presidency of 
Baron Shibusavva. The Baron made an ex- 
planatory address, in which he said that the 
project had the approval of the Residency 
General inasmuch as it tended to promote the 
development of Japanese enterprise in the 
Korean Peninsula. The original idea had 
been to buy up the electric tramway also, but 
for the present they thought it better to confine 
themselves to acquiring the property of the 
Bei-Kan Electric Light Company, inas- 
much as electric light competes direct with 
gas. He considered it safe to promise that 
the enterprise would yield a return of 6 or 
7 per cent, almost immediately, and that in 
the course of four or five years its nett pro- 
fits would be 10 per cent. It was announced 
that a general meeting of the shareholders 
would be held on the 19th or 20th inst. and 
that the first call of 12.50 yen per share 
would be made in August. 



32 wtovii^nn&n^fmtevtmv the japan weekly mail. 



[July io, 1909. 



CHINA. 

Thursday, July 1. 

Conferences are going on in Peking with 
reference to the draf ing of regulations sup- 
plementing the convention recently signed 
by Russia and China for the administration 
of Harbin. It is said that the Chinese 
negotiators have proposed the complete 
opening of the Sungari River, but the idea 
is that this question will not be settled for 
some time. 

The Nichi NicJu Sliimbun quotes a Japa- 
nese who has just returned from Antung as 
painting a rather gloomy picture of the 
Yalu Lumber Company's prospects. It is a 
somewhat lengthy story, but the gist of it 
may be very briefly summed up, namely, 
that the relations between the Company's 
agents and the Chinese wood-cutters are bad. 
The latter seem to have formed a wrong 
conception of the Company's purpose, and 
to be under the impression that their own in- 
dustry is seriously threatened. The Company 
has reverted to the old system of lending 
money to the wood- cutters on the security 
of their logs, but this has been done on too 
small a scale to produce any considerable 
effect. Meanwhile the rafts floated down 
the river are exceptionally few in number, 
and it begins - to be plain that the Company, 
so far from making money this season, will 
be fortunate if it covers its outlays. It 
appears to us (Japan Mail) that the Chinese 
shareholders in the Company and their re- 
presentatives among its officials can not be 
really earnest in wishing to secure its success. 
If they were, they could easily remove these 
misunderstandings. 

The death is announced of Mr. Wu, 
Governor of Honan. This is the official 
who was largely concerned in the recent at- 
tempt to interfere with trading operations 
by Japanese in the interior of the province. 

We may here mention that the trouble in 
Honan about the alleged establishment of 
stores by Japanese subjects outside treaty 
limits seems to have ended entirely in favour 
of the Japanese. Chinese official opposition 
is said to have been withdrawn and it has 
been clearly recognised that no violation of 
the Treaty took place. If this be correct, 
the German merchants who complained to 
their Consul who endorsed their complaint 
are placed in a very equivocal situation, and 
it is strange that they do not take some step 
to vindicate their action. 

It appears that the abundance of rain 
which has fallen in the Yangts/.e valley in 
the sequel of the recent drought has pro- 
duced rather serious floods. Thus it has 
become impossible to navigate the river 
between Suchow and Hanchow, and the 
steamers of the Nisshiu S.S. Company are 
tied up for the moment. 

There is talk of an insurrection having its 
origin in the Lanchow district of Pehchili. 
The local authorities telegraph that the 
insurgents threaten to invade Tientsin and 
that no time should be lost in despatching a 
military force to the scene. 

Friday, July 2. 

The discussions about the Kilin-Changchun 
Railway are said to have been brought to a 
conclusion, and nothing is now needed 
except the approval of the Central Govern- 
ment. According to the Asahi, the Japanese 
have yielded on one important point, namely, 
that the money lent by Japan as China's 
share of the capital shall be lodged in the 
Specie Bank at a fair rate of interest. It 
will be remembered that the Bank was not 
disposed originally to pay any interest. 

Hongkong is the provenance of a rumour 



that the Chinese are about to organise a 
boycott against the Pacific Mail S S. Com- 
pany, because the latter does not allow them 
to enter by its front gate but requires them 
to go round by the rear. Exactly where 
this discrimination is exercised the telegraph 
does not say, but we presume that it is at 
Hongkong. 

There is some talk of Mr. Tuan Fang 
being nominated a member of the Grand 
Council in Peking instead of proceeding to 
take up his new office as Viceroy of Pehchili. 
In that event Mr. Na Tung is expected 
to become Viceroy of the Metropolitan 
Province. 

The /ifi Shimpo s Peking correspondent 
wires that there is profound surprise in that 
city at the extraordinarily unreasoning nature 
of China's demands in connexion with the 
Mukden-Antung Railway. It is considered 
that her objections about the reconstruction 
of the line have no sincerity, but are design- 
ed simply to give weight to her demand that 
the administration of the railway zones and 
the policing of the proposed line shall be 
placed in her hands. There is a belief that 
the author of this policy is Mr. Liang, Head 
of the Railway Bureau. 

Saturday, July 3. 

It is stated that Mr. Tang Shaoi is de- 
sirous of obtaining the post of Governor of 
Honan, whose incumbent died recently. 

Mr. Li Chia-chu, who is now residing in 
Japan for the purpose of investigating 
parliamentary institutions, is said to have 
addressed to the Throne a memorial urging 
that responsible cabinets are even more 
necessary in China than in Japan. This 
memorial has been published in the Peking 
Official Gazette. 

Several Tokyo papers, evidently inspired 
by a news agency, state that the application 
put in by American capitalists for a share in 
financing the Szchuan-Hankow Railway, was 
so late in the field that its success is more 
than problematical. According to this story 
the floating of the loan on the London 
market may be expected to take place very 
shortly. 

The above is an interesting item of news 
as it stands, but Reuter had already told us 
that the American capitalists did not insist 
upon a share in that particular railway, and 
that their application had reference rather to 
future contingencies. 



Monday, July 5 
Mr. Hsu, the late Viceroy of Manchuria, 
is said to have memorialized the Throne 
urging that the Kilin-Changchun Railway 
should be made a private enterprise, and 
that every possible step should be taken to 
recover the South Manchuria Railway. 
With regard to this, rumour says that the 
attempt made by the Governor of Kilin, Mr. 
Chen, to enlist the cooperation of the 
business men of South China in the 
development of Manchuria, had for chief mo- 
tive the consummation of this project con- 
cerning the Kilin-Changchun road. Of 
course it is perfectly natural that China 
should strongly desire to recover the South 
Manchuria Railway as soon as possible, and 
that she should also wish to avoid any fresh 
additions to the net-work of lines which 
is gradually being spread over her Empire 
under conditions not at all conducive 
to her integrity. But the programme 
to be pursued in the case of the 
Changchun -Kilin line is definitely fixed 
by treaty, and his Excellency, Mr. Hsu's, 
recommendation can not have any prac- 
tical effect unless Japan agrees to forego 
her conventional rights. We arc bound to 



say that China's method of procedure is not 
calculated to enlist Japan's sympathy. With 
regard to this new aspect of the Kilin-Chang- 
chun Railway question, rumour adds that 
an American capitalist is at the back of the 
ex- Viceroy's suggestion. 

Mr. Straight's arrival in Mukden as a re- 
presentative of the new American Syndicate 
is spoken of as imminent. It is said that he 
carries strong letters of recommendation to 
the leading merchants and residents of Man- 
churia from Mr. Tang Shaoi, former Governor 
of Mukden. 

There is as yet no news indicating any 
approach to a solution of the Mukden- 
Antung Railway project. The Yomiuri 
Shimbun has an article cm the subject pur- 
porting to embody the views of a high 
Japanese official. He attributes to the 
Cabinet a very strong attitude, inspired by 
the military party among the Elder States- 
men, but this part of our contemporary's 
intelligence must be received with caution. 
The Chinese Government is alleged to 
be steadily maintaining its ground. It in- 
sists that the rights acquired by Japan under 
the Peking Treaty do not exceed the 
adoption of such measures as shall render the 
line fit for carrying goods, and it totally denies 
the right to increase the gauge or to effect 
other improvements. It is impossible for any 
practical man to interpret the Peking Treaty 
in this narrow sense, nor can we for a mo- 
ment suppose that China seriously expects 
Japan to agree to such an interpretation. 

Tuesday, July 6. 
A telegram from Tiehling to the Mainicht 
Dempo says that many Chinese in that region 
are talking of war between China and 
Japan. 

The Cantonese residents of Peking are re- 
ported to have held a meeting and passed a 
resolution that they will never consent to 
any impairment of China's sovereignty in 
connexion with either the Macao Boundary 
Question or the affair of Pratas Island. This 
action is regarded as very potential. 

Wednesday, July 7. 

From Hupeh comes news of a disastrous 
inundation caused by the continuous rains 
of the past few weeks. The Yangtsz 
shows a rise of 42 ft., and several villages 
have been partially swamped. It is feared 
that unless the climatic conditions change 
quickly the inundation will assume calam- 
itous dimensions. 

Mr. Tieh Liang, Minister of War, is said 
to have taken a step which has had the 
effect of increasing the disfavour caused by 
recent impeachments on the part of censors. 
Resuming his duties after a period of sick 
leave, he memorialized the Throne asking for 
a change of office. The Prince Regent is said 
to have taken this application in very bad 
part. His Highness declared that although 
it is strictly within the rights of an official to 
resign his office, he has no business what- 
ever to ask for transfer to another post. The 
Prince Regent refused therefore to receive 
Mr. Tieh in audience and it is thought that 
the Minister will soon find his position 
intolerable. 

The Chuo Shinibuu alleges that in spite 
of attempts made by the Japanese Repre- 
sentative in Peking and by the Consul 
General in Mukden, the Chinese Govern- 
ment maintains strict silence with regard 
to pending problems, and thus neither 
of these two officials has been able to 
obtain any materials for telegraphing to 
his country. The Chuo goes on to describe 
various steps which the Japanese Govern- 
ment is taking in the circumstances, and 



July io, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. W?ft»3iipS^ n nmizm®mVsTl°1 33 



alleges that the 13th or 14th inst. will see 
the opening of really active negotiations. 

The same journal speaks in a very pessi- 
mistic strain about even the prospects of the 
Kilin-Changcluin line. It says that although 
an agreement has been practically concluded 
between Mr. Kunisawa, Vice-President of 
the South Manchuria Railway, on the Japan- 
ese side, and Mr. Lu, the Chinese Commis- 
sioner, no confidence can yet be felt. The 
Japanese authorities, as a matter of course, 
endorse the terms agreed upon by their 
representative, but the terms agreed upon 
by the Chinese Commissioner are tolerably 
certain to encounter opposition either at the 
hands of the Viceroy of Manchuria or the 
Central Government in Peking. Thus the 
agreement reached between the two Com- 
missioners is more than likely Jo prove 
futile after all. 

Thursday, July 8. 

The news is confirmed that Mr. Tieh 
Liang, Minister of War, will be unable to 
retain that post. The proximate cause of 
his discomfiture is that his views as to the 
organization of the Imperial Guards do not 
coincide with those of the Piince Regent. 

Mr. Tang Shaci arrived at Peking on the 
7th at 1 p.m. He was met at the station 
by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and by 
the Spanish Minister, as Doyen of the 
Corps Diplomalique. 

Viceroy Chen Kweilung has issued a 
proclamation at Hankow vetoing the export 
of rice in view of the recent appreciation of 
that cereal. 

The telegraph says that a strong anti- 
Japanese feeling has arisen in the Swatow 
region, and that 42 Japanese subjects, hither- 
to employed on the Swatow-Chiaochow kail- 
way have withdrawn to Tanisui in Formosa. 
No reason whatever is assigned for this state 
of affairs. 

The negotiations with regard to the Kilin- 
Changchun Railway have been suspended ; 
owing to the illness of Mr. Lu, the Chinese 
Commissioner. 

The Hunghutsz in the neighbourhood of 
Itung-chow are said to be giving much 
trouble. Their animosity has been accentu- 
ated by an act which they regard as treach- 
ery on the pait of the Commander of the 
force sent from Kilin to deal with them. 
That officer, by means of specious promises, 
induced the Hunghutsz leader, Chang, to 
surrender, and then put him to death. 
The natural consequence is that all the 
bandits who had pieviously made act of sub 
mission and been enrolled in the Chinese 
forces, have absconded, fearing forthemselves 
the fate which overtook Chang. 

LOCAL DEBTS. 

Amended figures have been published with 
regard to the debts of the Communes and 
tlie interest they are paying on them. The 
totals are : — 

Debts beating interest at 6.6 per cent. Yen. 

< \ over, but less than 7.1 percent 23,649.653 

Debts bearing interest ;it 7.1 per cent. 

or over, but less than 7 6 percent 12,939,809 

Debts beating intetest at 7.6 per cent, or 

over 10,824 183 

The prefectures which carry 800,000 yen 
or upwards of these costly burdens are : — 

Yen. 

Mivagi ! refectme 1,159,326 

Fttktishitna „ L' 53.534 

Kumatnoto ,, 923,816 

Siiitama „ 921,438 

Tochigi ,, 816,604 

These are the debts which the Industrial 
Bank is engaged in converting to a rea- 
sonable basis. 



PR AT AS ISLAND. 



The Kasama Maru 
Taihoku from Pratas 
that the agents of Mr. 
ing diligently there in 



has just returned to 
Island. She reports 
Nishizawa are work- 
apparent ignorance 



of any international complication, and that 
140 men are steadily employed. The 
Kazama carried a cargo of 1280 tons of 
phosphate, 315 bales of marine products and 
1 50 parcels of shells. 

We read in the Nichi Nichi SJdmbun that 
the sum sunk by Mr. Nishizawa in the at- 
tempt to develop Pratas Island's resources 
aggregates half a million yen, and that the 
net profits hitherto have not exceeded 
10,000. It appears to us that the former 
figure must be an exaggeration. The same 
journal stales that the depatture of the 
international appraisement commission is 
delayed by a dispute as to whether the 
commissioners shall proceed in a Japanese 
warship or in a Chinese. 

Mr. Wei, the Commissioner appointed by 
the Chinese authoiities to proceed to Pratas 
Island for the purpose of valuing the work 
done there by Mr. Nishizawa, is expected to 
set out on his journey in a few days. He 
will travel in a Chinese war vessel, but whe- 
ther he will be accompanied by the Japanese 
Commissioner, Mr. Consul-General Segawa, 
or whether the latter will travel indepen- 
dently, is not yet known. 

Japanese journals now write in a some- 
what pessmistic strain about this question. 
They appear to think that, so far from 
recognising any claim on the part of a 
Japanese subject to compensation for an 
enterprise undertaken by him on the Island, 
the converse is the course suggested by 
China's conception of justice, inasmuch as 



being 



the Island 

invasion by Japanese subjects and their | 
exploitation of its resources without the : 
consent of its owners should be regarded j 
as exposing them to a penalty rather than as 1 
entitling them to compensation. Thus the' 
problem will revert to its original!)' difficult j 
condition, This forecast-is not easy to com- i 
prehend. It refuses to be reconciled with the 
fact that China has agreed to despatch a 
valuation commissioner. Are we to suppose 
that thiscommissioner'sordersare tocollect in- 
formation for preferring a claim against Japan ? 
That is scarcely conceivable, especially in view 
of the fact that he is to confer with Consul- 
General Segawa in preparing his estimate. 
It looks to us as though the basis of a com- 
promise had been satisfactorily arranged, 
namely, that in consideration of Japan 



in it. To this Mr. Asanuma replied that 
the head office of the projector was in 
Japan ; that a branch office existed at 
Keelung in Formosa, where the Director 
might be found, and where all necessary 
information could be obtained ; and that the 
people on the Island were mere employees 
who possessed no knowledge about the 
origin of the undertaking The Chinese 
then inquired whether permission had been 
obtained from either the Chinese Government 
or thejapauese Government, but it was answer- 
ed again that such questions were beyond 
the ken of the men on the Island, who knew 
nothing except that a patty of engineers had 
been sent by the Governor General of 
Formosa to the Island on a tour of inspection 
in June of 1908. Asked to whom they 
believed the Island to belong, the Japanese 
said that they had no idea on the subject 
nor any concern with such questions, but 
that woik had been commenced in August 
1907, though preparations had been in 
progress for five or six years previously. 
The Chinese officer then asked what had 
become of the shrine which originally stood 
on the Island ; had it been removed by the 
Japanese ? Mr. Asanuma said that he had 
never seen any such shrine, and that 
consequent!)'' he had no cognisance of its 
removal. After a few more unimportant 
questions the Chinese returned to their 
ship. On the following day they made 
a cursory survey of the Island and the 
foreigners who were in the party took some 
photographs. Before the sailing of the 
Kasama Maru there were 150 Japanese and 
40 Chinese from Formosa working on the 
Island. They were all well off, being in 
possession of sums varying from 600 to 300 
yen. Forty of the Japanese returned to 
Formosa by the Kasama, so that there are 



Chinese property, its | now only 1 10 remaining. 



The anonymous Japanese from whom the 
above information was obtained speaks in 
very high terms of the capabilities of the 
Island. He says that 180,000 yen worth of 
phosphate can easily be obtained every year, 
and that there are quantities of shell service- 
able for button- making. 



THE NEW HOUSES OF WE DIET. 

We read in. the Chno Shimbun that the 
plans drawn up by the Committee of the 
Lower House contemplate sweeping changes 
in the Nagatacho locality f >r the construction 
of the new Houses of the Diet. Briefly 
speaking, the accommodation provided by 
the present Chambers is to be doubled in 



recognising China's title of ownership, China j every respect, and 



this will entail the 

should recognise Mr. Nishizawa's right to 1 erection of buildings covering an area of 
some compensation. I fully five acres. Consequently the vacant 

I space at present available will not by any 
The Japanese subject — his name is not j means suffice. It will be necessary to take 
given — who recently returned from Pratas ' in the ground now occupied by the residences 
Island to Keelung in Formosa by the S.S. ! of the Prime Minister and the Minister of 
Kasama Maru, is quoted as saying that on State for Finance, as well as the precincts of 
the 1st of March last a Chinese warship made : the Chinese Legation. Whether Marquis 
its appearance off the Island. An officer : Nabeshima's mansion also is involved we 
landed, accompanied by an Englishman and Jean not clearly discover, but it appears 

t-> be projected that a lake of considerable 
magnitude should he dug between the site of 
the Houses and the beautifully wooded hill 
of Sanno, and that this lake should be 
spanned by an iron bridge Should such a 
programme be carried out, the whole 
character of the district would be altered, 
but we have no doubt that the ingenuity of 

could achieve 
It is to be 



one or two sailors, and on being asked what 
their business was, replied that they had no 
special business but had merely called at the 
place en route for Manila. Ten days later, 
however, the same vessel returned accom- 
panied by another, and on this occasion a 
larger party landed, including three foreign- 
ers. They put various questions to Mr. 

Asanuma, the principal Japanese on the Japanese landscape-gardeners 
Island. These questions and his answers are ! something very charming. 



quoted verbatim. 'I hey first asked who , observed, however, that this project has not 
was the director of the enterprise, and where i yet received the approval of either the Upper 
had permission been obtained for engaging H^use or the Government. 



HA*Z^,1«B«2M«»Bi>r THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July io, 1909. 



THE TAXATION OF EARNINGS. 



Considerable interest attaches to the ques- 
tion, which promises soon to agitate Tokyo, 
namely whether the Municipality is entitled 
to tax the fund of one million yen put 
aside every year by the Tokyo Railway Com- 
pany under the name of gensontcmpo kin. We 
ourselves were originally under the impression 
that the object of this annual appropriation 
was to form a reserve sufficient to compen- 
sate the shareholders when the time conies 
for handing over the Railway without pay- 
ment to the City. Subsequently we learned 
that this interpretation was erroneous. The 
appropriation has some connexion with tiie 
ultimate surrender of the Railway, but it is 
nota connexion in any sense favourable to the 
Company. The charter requires that the pro- 
perty shall be handed over gratis to the City 
after tlie lapse of 50 years from the date of com 
mencing operations. Now the Company esti- 
mates that 50 years represent the maximum 
life of such a property, and that unless constant 
repairs and renewals are effected, the lines, 
rolling stock, power-houses and so forth, 
which are to pass into the City's hands at 
the close, would be a veritable lot of rubbish. 
The Directors do not think that their duty to 
the City would be discharged by such reck- 
lessness. They purpose transferring a system 
of lines in good order from every point of 
view when the time comes for transfer. It 
will be recognised, therefore, that this 
genson tempo-kin is purely a maintenance 
hind. As a general rule, companies pay 
for their maintenance out of their reserves ; 
but the reserves of the Tokyo Railway Com- 
pany — 350,000 yen yearly — have to be kept 
for a special purpose, namely, to recoup the 
shareholders when the propeity is taken 
over by the city. The idea of regarding a 
maintenance fund — i.e. a depreciation fund 
— as so much nett profit must sound strange 
in the ears of ordinary business men ; but 
such an idea is entertained by the Aldermen 
of the city of Tokyo. Tlie City, which 
gives its streets for the use of the Company's 
lines, does not become entitled to any com- 
pensation until the Company's nett profits 
are sufficient to pay a dividend of 7 per 
cent Then, and not till then, the Munici- 
pality has to receive one-third of the surplus. 
The drafters of the charter obviously 
imagined that the company would be 
allowed to earn a dividend substantially 
higher than 7 per cent. Since, however, 
the Government, in deference to a liltle 
group of socialist agitators, will not allow 
the Company to charge a fair fare for a fair 
service, the dividend barely exceeds 5 percent, 
and the City, getting nothing at all, wants 
to levy upon the maintenance fund, though 
the ultimate object of that fund is to keep 
the City's future property in woiking order. 
It is quite a comical situation, and it speaks 
very ill for the Administration's sense of justice 
and for the Aldermen's conception of business 
methods. The Aldermen ought to be tlie 
first to welcome and encourage the integrity 
of the Directors and shareholders in keeping 
the property in good repair. They ought to 
recognise, too, that there is an automatical- 
ly applic ible remedy for any excessive ap- 
propriation to the maintenance fund, since 
if it be found too large, the surplus would go 
to pay dividend and the City would then get 
its share. 

Since the above was in type the Tokyo 
Municipality has decided to call upon the 
Tokyo Railway Company to pay over a sum 
of 26,086 yen, on tlie ground that the sum 
set aside by tlie Company as a maintenance 
fund must properly be regarded as profit. 



There are some minor points of account, but 
the cardinal question hinges upon the main 
tenance fund. Doubtless the Company will 
pay over this money under protest, and 
then institute proceedings for its recovery. 
The Municipality must evidently have some 
special views on the subject, for it is im- 
possible to suppose that they commit 
themselves to the general principle of 
regarding a maintenance fund as net profit. 
It is alleged that before taking this step the 
I Municipality consulted the Chief of the 
I Railway Board, and obtained from him an 
expression of opinion unfavourable to the 
Company's contention. If that be so, the 
! question will ultimately have to be decided 
'by the Administrative Court. What per- 
plexes us in this matter is that the Munici- 
pality does not appear to recognise the 
legality of laying aside any maintenance 
fund whatever. If the contention was 
that the Company's appropriation of this 
account exceeded the actual necessities of 
the case, we could understand the line 
taken by the aldermen, but when it conies to 
altogether denying the propriety of a main- 
tenance fund, one is considerably perplexed. 

Tokyo papers state the case very clearly 
as between the Tokyo Railway Company 
and the Municipality. It is laid down in the 
Company's charter that a sum not exceeding 
10 per cent, of the nett profits having been 
laid aside as a reserve, the remainder 
shall be allotted to dividend, and if such 
dividend exceed 7 per cent., one third of 
the excess shall go to the Municipality. 
The point to be determined then is what 
constitutes nett profits. The Company 
strenuously denies that its earnings can be 
regarded as nett profit until due allowance 
has been made for depreciation of property. 
The Municipality with equal confidence deny 
that depreciation has anything to do with 
nett profits. That is the case, as stated by 
Tokyo journals. With regard to the obvious 
objection that the Municipality failed to raise 
tin's question last year, the answer given is 
that even though the depreciation fund had 
not been set aside last year, the dividend 
would not haveexceeded 7 percent , and there- 
fore the Municipality was n< t practically inter- 
ested. For our own part we believe that the 
Municipality must have some other warrant 
for its action, inasmuch as we have never yet 
! heard of any sound enterprise which failed to 
I set aside some portion of its earnings as a 
j depieciation fund, or which regarded those 
earnings as nett profit before such provision 
had been made. 



Pb.RU AND ORII'.Nl'AL LABOUR. 



Some days ago the telegraph informed us 
that a riot had taken place at Lima, the 
native labourers having attacked stores kept 
by Chinese subjects. It was found necessary 
to call out the troops, and this ant i "Chinese 
feeling was ultimately placated by the enact- 
ment of a law to the effect that in future no 
Chinese subject should be allowed to enter 
Peru unless he was in possession of a sum of 
at least 5000 yen. It appears that this legisla- 
tion has caused much uneasiness among the 
Japanese labourers also. There are about 
200 of these already in Peru, having been 
carried thither under the auspices of the 
Meiji Shokumin Kaisha, and tlie despatch of 
500 more at an early date was projected by 
tlie Mon'oka Lnrin Kaisha. But it is feared 
that the latter influx might have the effect 
of exciting hostility towards the Japanese 
and inspiring exclusive legislation. The 
Morioka Company is therefore said to be 
reconsidering its programme. 



HOKKAIDO AND SAGHAUh.N. 



Mr. Ichiki, Vice-Minister of Home Affairs, 
has returned from his trip to the north. He 
seems to have been much impressed by the 
evidences of progress witnessed in Hokkaido. 
The island is booming. There are already 
675,000 acres under cultivation, about one- 
tenth of which area is under rice. The latter 
figure, however, is not sufficient. Assuming 
that one adult requires 1 kokn of rice yearly, 
it is obvious that a production of 1,300,000 
kokn can not support the present population. 
Quantities of beans, hemp and match-stems 
are also produced, and the lumber industry 
and paper-making have been commenced 
and promise very well. The herring fishery 
is, of course, one of the principal supports of 
the people. It used to yield from 1,200,000 
to 1,300,000 kokn of fish yearly, but of late 
the catch has averaged ij^ million kokn. 
This season, however, the take has been 
bad, and will probably fall below the 
average. It is becoming more and more 
evident that the fishermen will have to 
supplement their trade by agriculture. 

In Saghalien Mr. Ichiki did not find such 
favourable conditions by any means. There 
are about 400 fanners' houses, and each 
household has an allotment of \y l /2 acres, 
whereas the correponding figure in Hokkaido 
is 12^. The chief crops are barley, oats 
and beans. The forests are very large. 
They stand just as they have stood for 
hundreds of years, and forest fires are not un- 
common. The timber in Saghalien is inferior 
to that in Hokkaido, the climate being 
colder, but there is no doubt that a great 
future lies before the lumber industry. Mr. 
Ichiki has much to say about the question of 
netting, which recently caused a riot. He 
alleges that the use of the sashiami has 
been forbidden ever since the days of the 
Russian occupation, and that, if permitted, 
the practice would devastate the breeding 
grounds. In order not to embarrass the 
petty fishermen, permission was given for the 
use of the fate- ami by guilds, and that plan 
worked well so long as the fishermen could 
supplement it by poaching. But when 
poaching was checked, the legitimate catch 
made with the tate ami did not suffice, and 
then trouble arose. 



THE NIPPON YUSEN KAISHA. 



We read in the SJiogyo Shimpo that the 
Directors of the Nippon Yusen Kaisha have 
not yet decided the difficult question whether 
the Company will come under the new 
system of subventions or adhere to the old. 
The points to be considered in choosing 
between these alternatives were veiy clearly 
set forth in the President's speech, of which 
we recently published a full translation. 
If the Company ekct to remain under the 
old system, it will continue in receipt of sub- 
sidies up to the year 1914, and will receive 
altogether 2 million yen more than the sum 
that would accrue to it dining the same 
interval under the new system. On the other 
hand, it would o ase altogether to be eligible 
for subventions after 1914, inasmuch as the 
law requires that a final choice .shall be 
made between the two systems before the 
end of the current fiscal year, and does not 
sanction the act of passing from the old to 
I the new at a later date. Unless therefore the 
iCom ( >any can be sure of being in a position 
to dispense with all subsidies four or five 
' years hence, it must decide to come into the 
! new system before next March. The Sltogyo 
'appears to think that the latter course will 
ultimately be adopted 



juiy to, 1909. j 



the japAn weekly mail. 



35 



PRINCE TSAI CHENG. 



Prince Tsai Cheng arrived at Sliimbashi 
on the 1st inst. His Highness was met at 
the station by Prince Higashi Fushimi, 
Marquis Nabeshima, Mr. Chamberlain Ito 
and other officials. He proceeded to the 
Shiba Detached Palace in company with 
Prince Higashi Fushimi and escorted by a 
guard of honour. 

In connexion with the arrival of the 
Prince, the Shogyo Sliimpo adds its voice to 
those of other Tokyo journals which urge 
that China should carry to her diplomatic 
conferences with Japan something of the 
sincerity which she shows in her deference to 
forms of etiquette. The Shogyo acknow- 
ledges that, where fair ground for discussion 
exists, Japan should be willing to listen at- 
tentively to all arguments put forward by a 
vis a vis ; but, where questions admit of no 
controversy, to prostitute their solution to 
idle talk is at once frivolous and vexatious. 

The Chinese Imperial Envoy was received 
in audience by the Emperor and Empress of 
Japan on the 2nd inst. at 1 l a.m. Sub- 
sequently his H ghness was entertained at 
luncheon in the Homei-den. 

On the evening of the 5th instant the 
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs gave a 
banquet in the Official residence at the 
Foreign Office in honour of Prince Tsai- 
Chen. Count Komura, in proposing the 
health of his Imperial Guest, said that the 
Japanese people, official and private, were 
deeply thankful for the Prince's coming. 
The connexion between Japan and China, 
both political and economical, was of the 
closest character. Therefore their mutual 
friendship should always be warm. More- 
over, the functions devolving on them as 
guardians of the East- Asian situation neces- 
sitated sincere amity. It was thus the 
earnest wish of all classes in Japan to pro- 
mote good relations with their neighbour, 
and they were devoting all their strength to 
the task. It had been their desire to give 
to their illustrious visitor a really hearty 
welcome, but to their great regret the Prince, 
being in mourning, had declined all public 
demonstrations. They hoped to have 
another opportunity of giving expression to 
their sincere feelings. 

The Prince, in replying, alluded to his 
long acquaintance with Count Komura and 
expressed the pleasure it gave him to find 
in his mission an opportunity of renewing 
that friendship. He felt especially grateful 
in that the Count had prepared such an 
entertainment in spite of his own illness. It 
was unnecessary to speak of the excellent 
relations existing between the two countries. 
Ever since his landing at Bakan he had 
received a most hearty welcome from high 
and low alike, and it had been impossible for 
him to avail himself of all the bounteous 
hospitalities extended to him. He raised 
his glass praying for the everlasting welfare 
of the Emperor of Japan and for the unlimited 
success of Count Komura. 



POLITICAL PARTIES. 



It appears certain that Mr. Ozaki Yukio 
is about to rejoin the ranks of the Seiyukai, 
if he has not already done so, and that he 
will be followed by five members of the 
Boshin Club, namely, Professor Tomizu and 
Messrs. Inouye Toshiwo, Yoneda Minoura, 
Kohashi Eitaro and Iwashita Seishu. The 
Boshin Club, as most of our readers probably 
know, is the Association of business men 



which came into existence on the eve of the 
last general elections. 

The significance of this incident lies in the 
fact that it seems to indicate abandonment 
of Mr. Ozaki Yukio's long entertained and 
recently promoted project for the formation 
of two great political parties, each capable 
of administering the Company's affairs 
and each competent to serve as a check 
upon the other. Towards the close of the 
Diet's last session, when the great fracas 
occurred between the two sections of the 
Progressist Party, and when there was 
general talk of fusing into one compact whole 
the various segments of the Opposition, Mr. 
Ozaki was recognised as an active promoter 
of the movement. But he now appears to have 
recognised its impossibility, and to be dis- 
posed to substitute the expedient of one 
overwhelmingly strong party which shall 
command a sweeping majority in the Lower 
House and devote its dominant strength to 
correcting all abuses. Undoubtedly one 
omnipotent party is not the ideal form of 
a constitutional polity, but it is certain- 
ly a great deal better than a welter 
of disputing factions. Mr. Ozaki will be 
endorsed by all careful onlookers when he 
says that no tangible difference of opinion 
separates the various sections in the Lower 
House at present, and that they are divided 
merely by personal jealousies and un- 
definable sentiment. 

Last April some excitement was caused in 
political circles by the intelligence that 
Viscount Hotta, leader of the Kenkyn kai, 
had been removed from that position, much 
as Mr. Inukai Ki had been removed from 
the leadership of the Progressist Party. 
Viscount Hotta's fault was interpreted by 
the general public to be that he had 
established relations with the Sciyn-kai, and 
had thus offended the Conservative section 
of the Kcnkyu-kai under the leadership of 
Viscount Mishima. Viscount Hotta naturally 
demanded a precise explanation of the reasons 
for his dismissal, but he has failed to obtain 
any satisfaction, and now, on theeve of an elec- 
tion to fill a vacancy in the House of Peers, he 
has issued a manifesto which makes it quite 
clear that he intends to throw in his lot with 
the supporters of the Seiyu-kai in the Upper 
Chamber. He speaks emphatically of the 
Constitution as contemplating cooperation 
between the two Houses of the Diet for 
legislative purposes, and he affirms that 
that object is defeated when the Upper 
Chamber allows itself to be betrayed into 
opposing the Lower in deference to the pre- 
judices of a political clique. This of course 
means a final break between the Viscount 
and the Kenkyu-kai, and it is expected to 
prelude the withdrawal of several mem- 
bers fro-n the latter into the new sec- 
tion which Viscount Hotta will now lead. 
The number of these seceders is estimated at 
20, but their defection will only partially 
impair the strength of the Conservative 
element in the Upper House. It will still 
have a majority of about 70. 



THE JAPANESE ARMY. 



The HocJii Shimbun gives some interesting 
particulars about the strength of the Japanese 
Army. The figures may or may not be 
accurate, but we presume that they are a 
tolerably close approximation. Everybody 
is acquainted with the general fact that the 
Japanese Army now consists of 19 Divisions, 
but little or no information has hitherto been 
procurable about troops supernumary to the 
above. Our Tokyo contemporary now tells 
us that these additional troops comprise three 



brigades of field artillery, four brigades of 
cavalry, two brigades and nine battalions of 
heavy artillery, one brigade of communica- 
tions troops and three battalions of mountain 
artillery. With regard to the cavalry, two 
brigades have still to be embodied, the bar- 
racks for their reception not being yet finished. 
This, however, is a matter of a few days. 
It is further stated that the establishment 
of the cavalry is five battalions to one 
regiment and two regiments to one brigade. 
Turning now to the question of the number 
of troops actually under arms, in other 
words the number of men serving with the 
colours, the Hoclii gives the following 
figures, but does not claim absolute accuracy 
for them since. they are in every case some- 



what below the reality. 

Infantry 129,960 

Cavalry 14.500 

Artillery 1 1,270 

Engineers 10,400 

Commissariat 9,240 

Heavy Aitillery 5.600 

Mountain 1,620 

Communications troops. 2,000 

Total 184,590 



With regard to this total we may observe 
en passant that as the number of men eligible 
for conscription every year is 450,000, it 
would seem that about 40 per cent, of the 
whole are taken for service. 

Turning now to the interesting question of 
the strength of the Japanese Army on a war 
footing, the Hochi puts it at 1,214,000, ex- 
clusive of io.ooo troops serving in Formosa; 
1 5 ,000 officers and non-commissioned officers 
serving with the colours, and a very large 
number of officers and non-commissioned 
officers whose names are borne on the 
reserves. We may here recall the facts that 
when Japan entered the lists against China 
in 1894 the number of men serving with the 
colours was 60,000. This was increased to 
between eighty and ninety thousand in the 
first post bellum reorganization, and now 
the number is about doubled in the sequel of 
the recent war. 



RAILWAYS IN MANCHURIA. 



The Nichi Nichi Shimbun confirms the 
intelligence that an agreement has been 
.reached with regard to the financing of the 
Mukden-Hsinmintun and Changchun-Kilin 
Railways. The negotiation has been carried 
on by Mr. Tanaka, a managing director of 
the South Manchuria Railway, on the 
Japan side, and a Mr. Lu on the Chinese 
side. The agreement as to the Mukden- 
Hsinmintun line is that Japan lends a sum of 
320,000 yen at 5 per cent, interest and 93 
per bond, the period of redemption being 18 
years. In the case of the Changchun-Kilin 
line the sum lent by Japan is 2,150,000 yen 
and the period of repayment is 20 years, 
the other terms being the same. It will be 
observed from these figures that Japan is 
furnishing money to China forthese particular 
lines at rates of interest identical with those 
granted to the Middle Kingdom by European 
States. Our readers will remember that the 
final difficulty encountered by the negotiators 
in this case was the question of interest on 
the portions of the loans lodged in the Specie 
Bank. At the outset, that Bank refused 
to give any interest, as it could not 
profitably deal with large sums which might 
be withdrawn at any moment. But this 
objection was finally withdrawn, and the 
Bank has now agreed to give its current 
rates. Its Tientsin branch will handle the 
funds of the Hsinmintun-Mukden line, and 
its branches at Dairen and Yingkow will 
handle those of the Changchun-Kilin road. 



36 fl jetf**H/l*B*3«B*fcBi9 THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 10, 1909. 



HAWAII. 

There appears to have been no special 
communication from Mr. Consul-General 
Ueno in Honolulu for some clays. The Nip- 
pon quotes a person said to be well versed in 
Hawaiian affairs as saying that there had been 
several instances of strikes on a petty scale 
in Hawaii prior to the present one, but none 
had lasted more than ten clays or a fortnight 
This latest case, however, is much more 
serious. The strikers enjoy wide sympathy 
among their fellow countrymen, and 
already a sum of 10,000 yen has been 
contributed for their support. So long 
as they can procure food enough to 
keep body and soul together, they are not 
likely to give in. Meanwhile the planters 
are suffering heavy loss, and though several 
of them are doubtless disposed to acceed to 
the demands of the strikers, they are bound 
to each other by a compact which every one 
hesitates to be the first to violate. The 
efforts made by the Tradesmen Association 
to effect a compromise are valueless, 
since their self-interested motive is clearly 
perceived. 

Advices, apparently official, have been 
received in Tokyo with reference to the 
' strike in Hawaii. They represent the strikers 
— not even excepting the workmen on the 
two plantations where the greatest obstinacy 
has hitherto been shown — as desirous at 
heart to return to their work, but as pre- 
vented from doing so by the pressure 
of the agitators and by an exaggerated con- 
ception of their duty to one another. The 
planters are not unwilling to grant better 
terms to their Japanese employees, but they 
feel that to do this in the face of direct 
menace would inaugurate a most pernicious 
system, and would virtually subject 
the great sugar industry of Hawaii to 
the machinations of irresponsible agitators. 
Mr. Consul-General Ueno is strenuously 
endeavouring to terminate the deadlock, 
and is advising the planters to give some 
substantial mark of approval in the case of 
the hands who abstained from striking or 
who have returned to their work. Altogether 
the situation seems to be tending to an ami- 
cable settlement. 

The Asa hi Shimbun has a telegram from 
Honolulu which represents the planters as 
strenuously endeavouring to put an end to 
the strike. One incident related is that three 
Japanese, having been employed by the 
planters to persuade the men to return to 
their work, were remonstrated with by three 
representatives of the strikers, and in the 
sequel the latter three men were charged 
by the planters with resorting to violence in 
illegal restraint of trade and industry. A 
judicial order has also been obtained vetoing 
the journalistic publication of any matter de- 
signed to incite continuance of the strike or to 
dissuade the strikers from returning to work. 

We may refer in this context to a state- 
ment made apparently by the China Gazette, 
and quoted by the Japan Herald with such 
prominence as to suggest approval, to the 
effect that " it has been reserved for the 
American Government to learn what an 
overwhelming population of lawless Japanese 
labourers means, and perhaps yet to reap the 
whirl-wind." It would be difficult to concoct 
a greater libel than that involved in describ- 
ing the Japanese in Hawaii as a population 
of lawless labourers. The public is prepared 
for anything whatever in the columns of the 
China Gazette, but it seems to us that the 
German organ of Yokohama might be better 
employed than in giving publicity to such 
lying scandals. 



JAPAN'S I'INANCtS. 



At the close of 1906, when Japan came to 
make out the accounts of her war with 
Russia, she found that she had incurred a 
total expenditure of 1,700 million yen in 
round numbers. By that amount her na- 
tional debt was increased. She then deter- 
mined to lay aside every year a sum of at 
least I 10 million yen for the service of the 
debt. That did not mean, of course, that re- 
demptions aggregating t !0 millions were to 
be made annually. These 1 10 millions were 
for the service of the debt; in other words, 
they were for the purpose of paying interest 
as well as principal. The portion applicable 
to redemption would be from 30 to 37 mil- 
lions yearly, and the loan would thus be 
completely paid off in about 30 years. 
That was the programme when Marquis 
Katsura came into office. But very 
soon he announced the Treasury's inten- 
tion of increasing the redemption fund 
to 50 millions. That is to say, he added 
some 16 millions to the money available for 
paying off the debt; and evidently, if the 
increase were permanent, the whole in- 
debtedness would be wiped off in about 20 
years instead of 30, as originally planned. 
Still better things, however, are said to be 
contemplated. The sum actually devoted 
to the sinking fund during last fiscal year 
was 50,800,000 yen, and since the interest 
on that amount will go to augment the 
redemption fund during the current year, 
the amount paid off from that source 
will be 53,340,000 yen. To this it is pro- 
posed to add another 10 millions obtained 
from the national growth of the State's in- 
come, for the experience of last year makes 
it plain that such growth may be confid- 
ently expected, the actual development of 
the ordinary revenue having reached a sum 
of over 30 millions. It is further expected 
that from 1912 onwards the yield from 
the customs duties will swell from 38 
millions to 53, unless Japan manages her 
negotiations for tariff revision clumsily. 
Altogether the outlook is good, and it can 
not be wondered at that the market price 
of Japanese stocks has steadily appreciated 
abroad, especially when we remember that 
the interest on these bonds has been freed 
from the duty of paying income-tax, and 
that the bonds themselves are accepted as 
security by the Bank of Japan at their face 
value. The next problem to be taken in 
hand is the conversion of the foreign loans 
bearing more than 4 per cent, interest, 
namely, the loan of 30 millions sterling 
floated in London and New York at 4^ per 
cent, in March 1905 ; and the 4.% per cent, 
loan of the same amount floated in London, 
New York and Berlin in July 1905. The j 
former loan is to be unredeemed until the 14th j 
of February 19 to, and to be thereafter paid] 
off by the 15th of February, 1 9 1 5 ; and the j 
corresponding dates in the case of the latter 
loan are the 9th of July 1910 and the 
10th of July 1925. The present time seems 
favourable for operations of conversion, and 
the Asahi Shimbun thinks that they will be 
undertaken. It might also be supposed that 
in view of an expanding revenue the 
Cabinet would be disposed to proceed to the 
abolition of the three objectionable taxes, 
namely, 

The Salt Monopoly, which yields 13 million yen. 

The tax on Textiles 20 ,, 

The tax on Communications 3 ,. 

But it is apparently thought that as these 
taxes — or at any rate the first two of them 
— are not theoretically defective, they will be 
continued, and the available funds will be 
devoted to increasing the salaries of officials 



from the present total of 60 millions to 78 
millions — i.e. by 30 j er cent. — and the 
allowances for travelling expenses from 1 
million to l% millions. 



AN APPRECIATION OF CHINA. 



A well-known journalist Mr. Ishikawa 
Yasujiro, formerly editor of the Alainichi 
Shimbun has just returned from a visit to 
China where he collected some interesting 
information. The Keizai Zasshi quotes hl'iii 
as saying that in order to be as well furnished 
as Japan, proportionately, with means of com- 
munication China must have 60,000 miles 
of railway, or about ten times the mileage 
now in operation in Japan, whereas she has 
only 3,000. Inasmuch, however, as foreign 
capitalists are competing keenly to obtain 
railway concessions and are evidently willing 
to invest large sums in this kind of enter- 
prise, China will be probably well supplied 
before many years have passed. Mr. Ishi- 
kawa found that wherever he went in China 
Japanese subjects constituted a large element 
of the foreign population. Thus at Tientsin 
there are 1, 800 Japanese; at Peking 800; 
at Hankow 1,500; and at Shanghai 
7,000. If they are couspicuous by their 
numbers, however, they are also con- 
spicuous by their comparative poveity. 
Thus in Shanghai, although out of a 
total foreign population of 14,500 the 
Japanese aggregate 7,000, there are only 100 
among them who pay rates qualifying them 
to vote at the election of members of the 
Municipal Council. It results that Japan is 
wholly unrepresented on that body. As for 
capital invested by Japanese, there also the 
figures are discouraging. The principal 
enterprises with which they ate concerned 
are not numerous. In the Tara iron 
mine they have about 3 million yen. This 
money is to be repaid with ore taken 
from the mine during 30 years, 5 or 6 
of which have already passed. Again in the 
Hanyang Foundry the Specie Bank has 2 
millions and the Mitsui Firm one million, but 
as 300,000 of the latter sum has been paid 
back, the amount actually outstanding is 
only 2,700,000. In the Ping-Hsiang colliery 
the Okura Company has sunk 1 ,200,000 yen, 
and altogether including Shanghai, Hankow 
and other tradal centres, Japanese investments 
in China probably aggregate 20 million yen. 
Contrasting these figures with the fact that 
France and England are about to invest from 
30 to 40 million yen in the Yeh-Han and 
other railways in the Yangtsz valley, it is 
evident that Japan cannot hope to take her due 
share of Chinese commerce without sinking 
much larger sums of capital. 



NATIONAL DEBTS. 



According to the latest official returns the 
national debts stood as follow at the close of 
June : — 

Yen. 

Original Total 2,654,751.165 

Paid off 101,54s, 579 

Still due 2,553.202.556 

Dividing the above between foreign and 
domestic debts, the figures are : — 

Domestic Deiiis. Yen. 

Original Total 1,489,048,965 

Paid off ici, 547,017 

Still due 1,387,501,948 

Foreign Debts. Yen. 

Original Total 1,165,702,200 

Paid off 1,562 

Still due ........1,165,700,638 



* 

* July 10, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. Wrfi1frS*Ha «rB JRHHKKiarBiT 37 



FORMOSA. 



THE SUGAR SCANDAL 



General Viscount Srkuma, Governor- 
General of Formosa, is now in Tokyo. He 
lias been interviewed by a representative of 
a news agency, and he appears to have 
spoken with much satisfaction of the success 
that has attended the operations against the 
aborigines of late. Owing to their inability 
to support the pressure of the Aiyu advance, 
no less than 4000 of the aborigines surrendei- 
ed on the 9th of June last, and their leaders, 
numbering 150, were subsequently invited by 
the Governor-General to his residence, enter- 
tained there at a banquet, and dismissed 
with handsome presents. A considerable 
tract ol land was assigned to these aborigines 
for their support, but as the locality did not 
please them, it was subsequently changed at 
their request. The children of aborigines 
who have surrendered are receiving educa- 
tion at Japanese elementary schools, or at 
institutions connected with the Aiyu lines in 
the case of districts far removed from 
the regular schools. About 1,500 of 
these children are now receiving instruction. 
The Viscount says that steps are being taken 
to provide for a Formosa section in next 
year's Anglo-Japanese Exhibition. The 
purpose in forming the exhibits will be to 
show the progress made by Japanese admini- 
stration in the Island and thus to afford the 
foreign public an opportunity of judging 
whether or not the Japanese people are 
possessed of Colonizing ability. The 
population of Formosa is about 3 millions, 
but it includes only 70,000 Japanese, which 
is a far smaller number than that of the 
Japanese in Korea. It is essential that steps I Chushichi. 
should be taken to increase the settlers, and [ With regard 



The Sugar-Scandal case came to an end 
on the 3rd instant, so far as concerned the 
charges of abuse of office preferred against 
members and ex members of the Diet. Some 
surprise has been caused by the judgment 
of the Court. It will be remembered that 
in consideration of their frank confession of 
guilt and in consideration of their penitent 
demeanour, four of the accused, notably Mr. 
Yokoi Tokio, were recommended by the 
public procurator for special treatment : in 
other words, he advised that they should be 
sentenced to 6 months' deferred imprison- 
ment, which would have amounted to 
virtually releasing them with a caution. 
The Court ignored this recommendation in 
the cases of Mr. Yokoi and Mr. Ezaki, but, 
on the other hand, extended it to five 
besides the other two — namely, Nakamura 
and Imata — whom the Procurator had in- 
dicated. For the rest the sentences varied 
from 10 months' to 3 months' major im- 
prisonment, one of the accused being ac- 
quitted altogether. The following is the 
list :— 

Sentencrd to io Months' Major imprisonment 
Mattuura Goliei, Hasegawa Toyokichi, Yokota 
Torahiko, Ur>ui Tetsuo and Nishiniiira Shintaro. 
Sentenced to 8 Months' Major imprisonment. 

Ogino Yoshizo. Sawada Yasushi and Imata 
Kamataro. 

Sentenced to 5 Months' Major imprisonment. 

Kuribara Ryoiclii. Morimoto Shun, Yokoi Tokio, 
Muramatsu Aizo and Ezaki Refj'U 
Sentenced to 4 months' Major Imprisonment. 

Sato Torajiro, Okuno Ichijiro, Shiimzu Ryochi, 
Kanzaki Tozo, Yasuda Kun, Tamura Koremasa and 
Kimura Hanibei. 

Sentenced to 3 months' Major Imprisonment. 
Ozawa Aijiro, Sekino Denjiro and Nakamura 



of the charge of receiving their expenses as 
candidates for election, but as Hasegawa was 
convicted on another count, the only one of 
the accused who escaped scot free was Kawa- 
shima Kameo. Finally the following were 
released on bail in one surely of 100 yen for 
the period pending appeal, namely, Yokoi 
Tokio, Muramatsu Aizo, Kanzaki Tozo, 
Yasuda Kun, Okuno Ichijiro, Shimazu 
Ryochi and Sekino Denjiro. 



It appears that the majority of the men 
found guilty of bribery and corruption by the 
Tokyo Local Court have signified their 
intention of appealing. The Public Pro- 
curator, has also appealed, but his appeal 
is against the judgment of the Court, 
not for lack of severity, but for failure 
to accept the Procurator's plea for clem- 
ency in the case of Messrs. Yokoi and 
Eizaki. The Public Procurator has also ap- 
pealed against the acquittal of Kawashima, 
on whose guilt he insists. This appeal for 
clemency, coming from a public procurator, 
is said to be unique in Japan. 



promote that 
for a special colonization 



to refunding the money re- 



result provision j ceived as bribes, the Court seems to have 



bureau will be been unable to fix the exact individual 



made in the next budget. The new water- , responsibility except in 4 cases. For the rest, 
works at Taipeh — which we may remark en 
passant seems to be now invariably called 
" Taihoku " — have been completed, the 
supply being estimated on a basis of 
1 50,000 inhabitants. The General remarks 
that the development of the fishing industry 
has been comparatively neglected in 
Formosa. The Pescadores may be said to 
look out from among a mob of fishes, and 
indeed the whole west coast of the Island 
has enormous piscine wealth. Steps ought 
to be taken to turn these riches to account. 
Speaking of the Ari san forest, on account 
of which the Diet refused to make any 
development-grant last session, Viscount 
Sakuma says that it is a property of enor- 
mous value. Recently it was inspected by two 
Japanese experts as well as by Professor 
Hoffman of the Agricultural College. The 
latter declared that he had no hesitation in 
pronouncing Ari-san to be the mostextensive 
and the 1 idlest forest known to exist any- 
where in the world. Steps are now being 
taken to provide the hitherto inaccessible 
eastern coast with proper means of com- 
munication. A survey has been completed 
for a railway between Taito and Karenko, 
and there can not be any doubt that when 
this railway is built, it will have a powerful 
influence on the agricultural development of 
the region. Referring to sugar, the Governor 
General is quoted as denying flatly that 
any discrimination whatever is exercised in 
imposing customs dues. The production of j The 7 
sugar is increasing enormously. It may be 



the duty of re payment was imposed on 
groups of from 2 to 5 of the culprits. The 
actual figures were as follow : — 

Amounts to be Persons to make the 

refunded. refund. 
Yen. 

5,500 Matsuuta Gohei 

2,0 o Kuiibara Ryoichi 

20,000 Usui Tetsuo 

Collective ly. 
J Shimazu Ryoichi 

1,650 < Sawada Yasushi 

( Matsuura Gohei 
f Hasegawa Toyokichi 
] Sato Toiajiro 

3,'oo \ Ozawa Aijiro 

I Sawada Yasushi 
[ Matsuura Goliei 
jg l I Sawada Yasushi 

1 ' ( Matsuuia Gohei 

Tozo 



WE IMPERIAL AND METROPOLE HOTELS. 

Some excited interest was caused in 
Tokyo on the 30th of June when it became 
known that the Directors of the Imperial 
Hotel Company had abruptly dismissed the 
foreign managers of that establishment as 
well as ot the Hotel Metropole (which is the 
property of the same Company) and that in 
the case of the latter hotel the whole of the 
Japanese staff had been dismissed and the 
guests asked to find other quarters. The 
affair, however, is understood to have no 
cause other than mere economy. Finding 
that the staff of the Hotel Metropole far 
exceeded the number of either actual or 
immediately prospective guests, and that a 
reduction of expenses was essential with 
regard to both institutions, the Directors 
resolved to take a drastic step. That the 
Hotel Metropole will be opened again so 
soon as the expedient reorganizations are 
effected, is confidently stated, but it seems 
to be resolved that foreign management will 
be dispensed with. We are sorry. Possibly 
the Japanese have learned to run foreign 
hotels. Ftijiya is an illustration. But we 
can not forget that, up to the present, Fujiya 
has stood in a class entirely apart, nor can 
we imagine the converse, namely, foreigners 
running a Japanese inn successfully. 



700 



J Kanzaki 
\ Nishiinur 



400 



400 



imura Sliiutaro 
Tamura Koiemasa 
{ Nisliimura Shintaro 
j S-kino Denjiro 
{ Nishimma Shintaro 

1,300 Ni-ihinuira Shintaro 

( Yokoi Tokio 

,500 •< Sawada Yasushi 

I Matsuura Gohei 
Muramatsu Aizo 

2.5 o ■{ Sawada Yasushi 

Matsuuia Gohei 
Ogino Yoshizo 

1.400 •( Sawada Yasushi 

Matsuura Goliei 
Okuno IHiijiro 

800 ■{ Sawada Yasushi 

Matsuura Gohei 



THE KAISER. 



for 3 



men whose sentences were deferred 
years were Morimoto Shun, Okuno 
said to double itself yearly. The next | Ichijiro, Shimazu Ryochi, Kimura Hambei, 
returns will probably show 250 million catties, 
and the day is not far distant when the 
figure of 500 millions will be reached. 



Sekino Denjiro, Nakamura Chushichi and Germany 
Imata Kamataro. Further, Hasegawa Toyo- ! Alliance, 
kichi and Kawashima Kameo were acquitted thing of the kind ? 



The Kaiser, if we may trust a telegram 
published by the Hochi Shimbun with much 
pomp and circumstance, has again provided 
for the nations something to talk about. He 
is said to have stated, when lunching on 
board a French (?) yacht, the Arian, 
that Europe has everything to dread from 
Asia, and that the countries of the West 
should lay aside their mutual quarrels in 
order to unite against the common foe. In 
these circumstances His Majesty declared 
himself most anxious to preserve the peace 
of Europe. 

Considering that England is allied with the 
Power which stands at the head of Asiatic 
nations, we doubt whether this latest utter- 
ance of the German Emperor will be very 
heartily received in Great Britain. And 
indeed, we doubt whether it is intended to be 
so received, for it is difficult for any student 
of the times to believe that the Emperor of 



is a friend of the Anglo-Japanese 
But did his Majesty say any- 



38 9m*X**nnBn&nxmWSl THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July io, 1909. 



THE RAILWAY BOARD. 



Some startling revelations liave been 
made by the Minister of Communications at 
an interview with t lie leaders of the con- 
servative section of the Progressist Party, 
who called upon Baron Goto to obtain in- 
formation about a subject recently much 
discussed, namely, the unexpectedly small 
dimensions of the nett profits accruing from 
the Government's Railways. The gist 
of Baron Goto's statement may be 
summed up by saying that the accounts have 
not hitherto been trustworthy. The appro- 
priations demanded by each of the Sections 
were not duly transmitted to them. The habit 
was to keep a portion in the hands of the 
Minister of the Depaitment, and to pay it 
out subsequently in case of urgent necessity, 
applying any surplus to travelling expenses 
and miscellaneous outlays. This betrayed 
the Sections into a habit of applying for more 
than they really wanted, and, in order 
that their demands might not seem extra- 
vagant, they estimated the net profits on a 
proportionately generous scale. Moreover, 
great abuses of favouritism were developed 
by this system. Equally deceptive was the 
method used in purchasing materials. Great 
quantities were bought all at once and stored 
away for future use, so that their deteriora- 
tion ultimately represented a serious loss. 
The loss on this accouu tin 1907 was 
4 million jritf. In short, there was no genuine 
relation between the estimates and the 
reality. Baron Goto, from the time of taking 
office, had determined to correct these abuses, 
but unfortunately illness had prevented him 
from taking part in the compilation of the 
last Budget, He is now, however, actively 
and resolutely engaged in placing things 
on a trustworthy basis, and he is deter- 
mined that the results of actual railway 
work shall be plainly shown in the published 
accounts. 



MUNICIPAL LOANS. 



The Kyoto city's loan of 45 million fiancs 
having been duly taken up by a French 
Syndicate, was advertised in Paris on the 
1st inst., and subscriptions are to be received 
for the first half of the loan on the 15th and 
16th inst., and for the second half at the close 
of this month. 

The Kyoto loan of 45 million francs, the 
equivalent of \"J l /i million yen, was an- 
nounced on the 30th of June and issued on 
the 1st of July. It proved an eminent 
success. Placed upon the market at 99. 
it is said to have been subscribed several 
times over in the course of the day, 
Berlin taking a considerable block. The 
Kyoto Municipality is to receive 93 per bond, 
and the loan is to be re-paid in 20 years after 
lying unredeemed For 10. The notable fea- 
ture of this transaction is that it has been 
concluded without any official intervention, 
the Mitsui Bank and two great French banks 
having managed the matter entirely without 
reference to either Government. 

It is Stated that the preliminary arrange- 
ments for the Yokohama loan of 7 million 
yen to extend the water works have been 
nearly completed by the Industrial Bank, 
and the loan will be placed upon the market; 
in a few days. The issue price is expected 
1o be 98 and the City's net receipt will be 
93. The loan carries interest at the rate of 
5 per cent. 

On the 2nd instant the Home Department 
granted the application of the Yokohama 
Municipality to raise a foreign loan of 



^716,500, the issue price to be 98, and the 
sum received by the Municipality 94. The 
debt will be unredeemed for 15 years and 
will be thereafter paid off in 30 years. The 
issuing banks are the Industrial, Parr's and 
the Hongkong and Shanghai, the brokers 
being Messrs. Panmure and Gordon. There 
are the usual commissions. 



THE KEI-H1N RAILWAY. 



There has been a strike among the em- 
ployees at the power station of the Kei-Hin 
Electric Railway. On the 3rd instant about 
36 men left their work, and the cars had to 
stop running at 9.40 p.m. The causes of the 
trouble are said to be discontent because the 
new Board of Directors struck out the bonus 
usually given to the men and resentment 
against the new manager, Mr. Moriya, who 
not only dismissed a number of hands, but 
is also said to have behaved in an over- 
bearing manner. 

The disturbance among the employees of 
the Kei-Hin Railway has been allayed by 
an assurance from the President, Mr. Miura, 
that the recent dismissals are final and will 
npt be succeeded by any others. This 
assurance was given at an entertainment 
provided for the remaining employees in the 
Meguro villa of Viscount Aoki, who is the 
elder brother of Mr. Miura. 



The troubles of the Kei-Hin Railway 
Company are not yet at an end, it would 
seem. The entertainment given to the em- 
ployees 011 the 6th inst. had a placat- 
ing effect, but on the occasion of a 
similar proceeding on the following 
day to the remaining employees there 
appears to have been a want of tact, and 
some of the men, having subsequently 
fortified themselves with alcohol, raided the 
Company's office and wreaked their wrath 
on unoffending furniture. It is alleged by 
one Tokyo journal that the so-called re- 
forms made by the new Managing-Director 
have resulted in the discharge of competent 
motor-men and the substitution of tyros, the 
consequence being that traffic by the tram 
has fallen off materially. 



THE TSOCHhNG At FAIR. 
A bald statement was published some 



LANDS IN RUSSIAN AND JAPANESE 
TENURE IN MANCHURIA. 

Mr. Asakawa, to whom the public already 
owes so much valuable information about the 
history of Russo-Japanese relations, has just 
published in the Yale Revieiu an interesting 
comparative statement of the areas of the 
"Railway Zones" held by Russia and Japan 
respectively in Manchuria. We quote : — 

Railway band in Manchuria. Through the 
couitesy of the South Manchuria Railway Company, 
the following infoimation regarding the extent of 
railway lend in Manchuria has been obtained. It is 
hoped that the publication of this data will make the 
matter of the " railway zone " in Manchuria and the 
many important problems connected theiewith at 
least more intelligible than they have been hitherto. 

From the carefully detailed tables of figures 
especially prepared and placed at my disposal by the 
Company, 1 have been enabled to make the follow- 
ing computations j — 

The entiie land belonging to the Easte n Chinese 
Railway, over which Russia exercises ndminbtiative 
powers, covers an area of 328,720 acres, or 51363 
square miles. Aiound Harbin alone, the " zone " 
extends over 12,000 dessiatines, which is equal to 
32,397 acres, or 50.62 square miles. 

It one adds 20 square miles to this las' area, the 
sum will be equivalent to ihe total extent of the land 
belonging to the South Manchuria Railway, which 
is at p.esent under japan's co irol. The exac area 
is 7054 squaie miles, or 45,156 acies. Of this, 
about 7.5 per cent., or 5.36 squire mi'es (3,429 
acres), have been acquired byjipan from Chinese 
land-owners duting and after the recent war wiih 
Russia, the rest — about 65 square miles — having 
been handed over by Russia in accordance with the 
Treaty of Portsmouth. 

The following table will show the distribution of 
the land along the railway in Russian control : — 

acres. square 

In Heilung Province, depots 124,970 miles. 

„ ., other lands... 71,328 

,, „ along the rail. 9,983 

206.281=322 31 

In Kirin Province, depots 84,967 

„ ,, along the rail ... 5.075 

95,042=14 .70 

At Harbin, 12,000 dessiatines 32.397= 50.62 

Total 328,720=513.63 

It will be observed that whereas Russia's 
Zones cover 513 square miles, the area of 
Japan's aggregates only 70 miles. 



WE SH1ZU0KA POLICE. 



On the 3rd instant judgment was delivered 
by the Shizu ka Local Court in the case of 
the policemen and others chaiged with aid- 
time ago to the effect that a Japanese subject I ing and abetting pickpockets. Eighteen 



hail been murdered at Tsocheng in Kwang- 
tung province. Details have now been 
received. They show that the catastrophe 
resulted from a cause which has produced 
many outiages already in China. Rumours 
had been diligently spread throughout the 



constables, pick- pockets and receivers of stolen 
goods were convicted, and sentenced to terms 
of imprisonment varying from 16 to 8 years. 

Meanwhile the dimensions of the Akasaka 
apprehensions and seizures are growing. No 
less than 550 persons are said to have visited 



district to the effect that children were the police-office for the purpose of identifying 
I to be buried alive in connexion with their property among the heaps of ownei less 
railway construction and that foreigners ! articles, and in 50 cases the identifications 
I were coming to kidnap them with that object, were successful. It would seem that the 



Shortly after this pernicious story had been 
circulated, a Japanese subject arrived upon 
the scene. He was duly furnished with a 



old time system of organized thieving still 
exists. There are duly chosen head-men who 
levy toll horn all their followers, and there is 



J passport, but for some unexplained reason a regular programme for assisting pro- 
I the provincial authorities seem to have failed! fesMonal thieves who have been apprehended 
Ito give notice of his coming. Almost j and cast into prison. Often the police pur- 
; immediately after his arrival a mob | posely retrain from laying hands on a head- 
began to collect, and lealizing his danger man in consideration of his helping them to 
I he took relnge in the house of a Chinese recover important documents or other pro- 
I family. But the inmates taised a cry that i petty. We find in the Keizai Zasshi an 
he had come to seize their children, ! interesting addition to the aigot of the craft, 
and they fled from the house pell-mell, j Thus pick pockets who frequent trams and 
; The unfortunate visitor then saw that his 1 railways are called hakoskt ; those that work 
only chance was speedy flight, and in order in the ordinaiy way in the streets are called 
i'to divert the attention of his pursuers he jisnkai; those that make a habit of exploring 
j scattered bank notes along the road, but the the contents of sleeves {tainoto) are dubbed 
I Chinese paid no attention to this attraction. | bota ; those that have to do with girdles are 
They followed him ruthlessly, caught him up known as muneate hazushi, and those that 
and murdered him. cut holes in satchels are called tagedashi. 



July 10, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. «iMrX¥2AWH«2fllK«»!ZiiJ 39 



YOKOHAMA'S JUBILEE. 



Tokyo newspapers in their issues of the 
1st inst. devote a great deal of space to the 
Yokohama Jubilee. Many interviews are 
published, and many photographs of more or 
less distinguished persons, as Baron Sufu, 
Mr. Mitsuhashi, Count Higashi, Mr. Shi- 
mada Saburo, Mr. Oye Taku, Mr. Hara 
Zenzaburo, Mr. Mogi Sobei, Mr. OnoKokei, 
Mr. Kimura Riemon and Mr. Soda Kinsaku. 
Among foreigners the photographs published 
are those of Mr. Alexander Claik, Mr. J. P. 
Mollison and Captain Brinkley. To Mr. 
Cldi'k belongs indubitably the honour of 
being the oldest resident. He arrived in 
Yokohama in \86i, when he was only 
13 years old, and he has been but once 
to England during his long sojourn of 
49 years. The Jiji, in publishing an interest- 
ing interview with him, says that it quotes 
his own words, and if so he must be a very ac- 
complished speaker of Japanese. A long and 
most interesting interview with Mr. Mollison 
appears in the Asalii Sltimbun. Various other 
interviews with Japanese gentlemen are given, 
and all of them dwell upon the extraordinary 
progress that Yokohama has made during 
the 50 years of its existence. It need 
scarcely be said that whle congratulating 
the place upon its remarkable past, the 
Japanese journals wish it an equally success- 
ful future, but we observe that they 
all abstain from any prediction. It goes 
without saying that pictures of Commodore 
Perry, Mr. Townsend Harris and General 
Palmer, the designer of the water woiks and 
the harbour works, appear in the columns ol 
more than one papei; but by a strange over- 
sight the portrait of Sir Harry Parkes is not 
given, though Yokohama owes far more to 
him than to an}' other foreigner, alive or 
dead, and attaches to his memory a degree 
of reverence and affection that is absolutely 
without parallel. 



THE HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY. 



According to the Asalii Sltimbun there has 
been an important change in the organiza- 
tion of this Company. The Kobe Syndicate, 
by which the project was originated, is no 
longer suppoited by Messrs. Panmure, Gor- 
don & Co , the latter having come to the 
conclusion that English capitalists are not 
disposed to invest their money in new enter- 
prises but that they prefer to place it in solid 
securities. This, however, has not impaired 
the prospects of the Company, It has been 
taken up by another great capitalist, whose 
name is given as Mr. Spaiing, and the idea 
now is to register the Company as a juridi- 
cal person under English law, and to place 
the shares in the world's market instead of 
in the British market only. This consumma- 
tion is to depend, however, upon the result 
of further investigations made by engineer- 
ing experts who will very soon arrive in 
Japan. The English capitalist who has now 
co.ne into the affair is said to be ready to 
furnish 20 or 30 million yen at any moment. 

On the 7th inst., we learn from Japanese 
newspapers, a meeting took place at the 
Prime Minister's residence of the principal 
projectors of the Hydro-Electric Power 
Company. After hearing Mr. Sonoda's 
report of the results of his visit to England, 
they decided to telegraph to England that 
they awaited the arrival in Japan of a 
British engineering expert and a representa- 
tive of the British capitalists. This action 
is regarded as tantamount to a declaration 
that the project will certainly be carried out. 



THE TOKYO-NARITA ELECTRIC RAILWAY. 

A meeting of the projectors of the Tokyo- 
Narita Electric Railway was held on the 
30th ultimo, and the Company may now be 
said to have almost become a practical reality. 
The details of this enterprise were given by 
us in a recent number. Baron Matsudaira 
appears to be the chief projector, and the 
prospects of the Company ought to be good, 
though some exception might possibly be 
taken to its first board of directors. 

The Asa/ii Shimbun, however, quotes 
an anonymous railway expeit as throw- 
ing much cold water on the above 
project. He considers that, in spite 
of the projectors' assurances, the bridg- 
ing of the Tone River at Ichikawa will 
cost a great deal more than is estimated; 
he also considers that, as all experience has 
hitherto showed, the operating expenses 
will be more than 50 per cent, of the gross 
earnings, whereas the projectors estimate them 
at something over 30 per cent., and finally he 
considers that 30 passengers per car is an 
excessive estimate. The projectors, on the 
contrary, are confident that a net profit of ro 
per cent, will be realized, but we are inclined 
to think that the forecast of the Asalii 
Shimbun 's informant will suffice to deter 
subscribers. 



JAPAN'S FOREIGN TRADE. 



MR. CHIROL. 



The Peking correspondent of the AsaJu 
Shimbun has interviewed Mr. Chirol in that 
city, and sends to the Tokyo journal an 
interesting epitome of Mr. Chirol's views. It 
appears that Mr. Chirol has been greatly 
struck by the striking changes which have 
taken place in China during the period of 8 
years since his last visit to Peking. To say 
nothing of the fact that it is possible now to 
travel by railway, he was particularly impress- 
ed by the greatly altered methods of police 
administration, for whereas such a thing as a 
constable had never been visible in the old 
days, these guardians of the law are now to 
be seen everywhere, controlling the traffic, 
directing the people, and preserving law and 
order. Another striking change is that 
whereas formerly access to prominent officials 
was almost impossible, they are now easily 
approached, and do not even hesitate to meet 
strangers in social converse. 

Mr. Chirol left Yokohama on the 
6th instant, by the steamer Shinano Mam 
of the Nippon Yusen Kaisha. On his way 
from Bakan by train he was approached by 
several newspaper correspondents, but in 
every case he declined to be interviewed, 
being fatigued by his long journey. He is 
due in London about the 6th or 7th of 
August. 



THE YALU TIMBER QUESTION. 



Saturday, July 3. 
The Chinese Chamber of Commerce at 
Antung is reported to have attempted to 
mediate between the Yalu Lumber Company 
and the Chinese woodmen, but the essay 
proved unsuccessful, and on the 1st inst no sale 
of timber whatever took place. Meanwhile it is 
said to have been ascertained that transit duty 
has been levied unlawfully at various places 
along the Yalu on the timber rafts as they 
were floated down. This statement needs 
explanation, for it can not be supposed that 
the Lumber Company has been tamely 
submitting to such impositions, and, as we 
understand the matter, the rafts pass into 
the possession of the Company so soon as 
they are floated. 



The last ten days of June saw a marked 
diminution in the import of rice and raw 
cotton and though there was an increase in 
wool, kerosene, bean-cake and beans, a large 
export of silk turned the balance in favour 
of exports by over one million yen. The 
actual figures for the final ten days of June 
are as follow : — 

Yen. 

Exports 10.599,000 

Imports 9,469,000 

Excess of exports 1,130,000 

The figures for the total trade from the 
1st of January to the 30th of June were as 
follow : — 

v Conipaiison with 

6 • 1908. 

Exports 185,054,000 +t4,754,oco 

Imports 213.560,000 — 37,308,000 

Excess of Imports... 28,506,100 

The records for the first halves of the 
past 7 yeais are as follow : — 



Exports. 
Yen. 

1909 185.054,000 

19 8 169975,000 

1907 190,950,000 

1906 176,670,000 

1905 142,767,000 

1904 137, 46^,000 

1903 125,918,000 



Imports. 

Yen. 
213,560,000 
250,562,000 
265,263.000 
22^,049,000 
286.462,000 
182,634,0 o 
166,248,000 



Fxcess of 
Imports. 

Yen. 
28,506,000 
80.587,000 
68,313.000 
46,378,000 
143.694,000 
45.169,000 
40,130,000 



These figures are commented on in a most 
optimistic strain by the Shogyo Shimpo, 
which journal predicts that the whole year's 
trade will certainly show a surplus of exports 
to the extent of 20 millions. 



THE TOKYO ELECTRIC LIGHT COMPANY. 



The Tokyo Municipality is said to be dis- 
cussing the propriety of collecting a larger 
sum from the Tokyo Electric Light Com- 
pany. At present the Municipality gets a 
fixed amount per post, and the result is that 
the City receives 37,000 yen annually. The 
idea now is to exchange the present system 
for a levy of 2 x /i per cent, on the Com- 
pany's net profits. That would produce for 
t'le City a revenue of 57,000. 

It is denied that there is any immediate 
intention of raising a loan of 10 million yen 
to meet the cost of obtaining water-power 
from the Katsura Piver for the uses of the 
Tokyo Electric Light Company. The Com- 
pany is in no hurry. It can call up money 
on its new shares in case of necessity, and it 
is therefore resolved to wait for a thoroughly 
favourable market. 



THE HONGWANJI SALE. 

The second sale of the Higashi Hongwan- 
ji art treasures produced a total sum of 
250,000 yen, in round numbers. The high- 
est bid for any one article was \2, 000 yen, 
paid by Baron Iwasaki for a triptych of large 
landscape pictures by Okyo. A third sale 
of 700 objects was announced for the 4th 
instant. It is interesting to note that this 
Temple, which has now offered for sale some 
3,000 precious heirlooms, used to be com- 
monly spoken of as possessing no ait trea- 
sures whatever. 

The third sale of the Higashi Hongwanji 
treasures evidently included objects of minor 
value, for it produced a sum of only 50,000 
yen. The results of the three sales were as 
follow : — 

Yen. 

First sale 2^7,ooo 

Second 225,000 

Third 50,000 

Total 562,000 



40 wmm*z.nftafi&mK9i®w>*! the japan weekly mail. 



[July io, 1909. 



BARON TAKAHIRA. 



It might have been anticipated that Baron 
Takahira's summons to Tokyo would be 
construed in certain quarters as a mandate 
of recall. The Foreign Office in Tokyo, how- 
ever, is quoted as denying that there is any 
intention of removing him from Washington, 
and that his presence in Tokyo is solely for 
the purpose of consulting with reference to 
the pending revision of the treaty between 
Japan and the United States. The problem 
of revision lias special importance, for while 
the desire of each Power is to remain on the 
best possible terms with the other, the emigra- 
tion question constitutes a perpetual source of 
dangerous friction, and it is the urgent duty 
of the statesmen of the two countries to 
devise some method of permanently exorcis- 
ing this phantom. We may mention that 
telegrams received by the Yomiuri Shimbun 
and the Yamato Shimbun represent the 
American people as very averse to the recall 
of Baron Takahira and as desirous that he 
should return to his post in Washington as 
soon as possible. 



NOTES ON CURRENT EVENTS. 



It is observed by Tokyo newspapers that 
on the 30th ultimo Queensland ceased to 
have treaty relations with Japan. She duly 
adhered to the Treaty of Commerce between 
Great Britain and Japan concluded in 1894, 
but in consequence of her inclusion in 
the Commonwealth it became necessary 
for her to give notice of the termina- 
tion of her adherence. The term of this 
notice expired on the 30th of June, and 
Japanese subjects residing in Queensland 
are now assumed to be entitled to the treat- 
ment extended by the Commonwealth to all 
Japanese subjects. 

The Akasaka police appear to have made 
a great haul. A few days ago they succeed- 
ed in laying hands on a man namec Ginji, 
who is said to be the head of the Tokyo 
pickpockets, and his arrest was followed by 
that of quite a number of his accomplices. 



any means adequate to the obligation 
they incur. The result is frequent failures 
which tend to injure the development and 
prevent the smooth progress of trade between 
China and Japan. It is proposed to eliminate 
theseadventurers from the new Guild, so that 
membership of the latter shall constitute in 
itself a guarantee otsolidity. 

It is stated that two new veins of copper 
have been discovered in the immediate vici- 
nity of the Besshi mines. These deposits are 
said to be extremely rich. 

The authorities have cancelled the licence 
of the Yamato Fire Insurance Company. 
This concern fell into serious trouble in the 
sequel of the Hakodate fire, and has never 
been able to emerge from the difficulties 
into which it was thrown by that catas- 
trophe. 

On Saturday the leading business-men 
of Tokyo, headed by Barons Matsuo and 
Shibusawa and Messrs. Masuda Ko, Kon lo 
Rempei, Okura Kihachiro, Sonoda Kokichi, 
andSoyeda Juichi, gave a luncheon party at 
the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo by way of 
farewell to Mr. Zutnoto, who goes to New 
York to establish a Japanese news agency. 
Among the guests were several journalists, 
as Messrs. Tokutomi, Ikebe, Chikami, Ooka 
Ikuzo, Minoura K., Tsuchiya S., Kennedy 
and Capt. Brinkley. Baron Shibusawa 
proposed Mr. Zunioto's health and spoke 
in a highly appreciative strain of the 
work he is about to undertake in New 
York, and Mr. Zumoto, in reply, explained 
at some length the various arrangements he 
proposes to make for disseminating 
information. 

At 5I1. 52m. 42s. oei the morning of 
the 3rd instant Tokyo was visited by a sharp 
shock of earthquake. It was accompanied 
by a rumbling and it lasted for more than 
a minute, but it did not develop destructive 
force. Tlie official seismograph showed a 
displacement of 32 ni.m., and the direction of 
motion was from north to south, rather than 
from east to west. According to expert 
opinion, the centre of distuibance was about 



Quantities of stolen goods were recovered , 42 miles flom To] „ ear the coast of 
hom the pawn shops, and qu.te a ceremony ! K azusa, and the probable cause was a land- 
is takmg place for the purpose of identifying | slide or some similar phenomenon at the 
the owners of the stolen articles. The whole 
affair has created an exceptional sensation 
in Tokyo. 



Silver has again fallen below 24d., after 
of long period of improvement. The im- 
pression in financial quarters is that it will 
rise again to 24d. or over, but that the latter 
price will not be maintained, as the white 
metal is becoming more and more discredited. 

Count Mutsu, now Secretary of Embassy, 
has been promoted to be Councillor of Em- 
bassy. Mr. Ochlai has been similarly 
promoted. Other minor promotions also are 
announced. 

It is announced that Mr. Hayashi Kunizo, 
a wi ll known silk-reeler of Suwa in Shinshu, 
has become bankrupt The firm is said to 
owe half a million yen to Mr. Ono of Yoko- 
hama, and its difficulties have been greatly 
accentuated by family dissensions about a 
question of succession. No statement of 
assets and liabilities has yet been made. 

It is stated that the leading Chinese 
merchants of Osaka and Kobe are planning 
to form a 

will alone be admitted. This movement 
has its origin in the fact that a considerable 
number of Chinese subjects aie doing busi- 
ness in the above two settlements without 



bottom of the sea. The force did not 
exceed one-fourth of that developed on 
the occasion of the great earthquake 
on June 8th, 1894. The Tokyo Seismo- 
logists are quoted as saying that the oc- 
currence of a number of small shocks is 
shown by the records to indicate freedom 
from anything destructive. The year of 
greatest frequency was 1896, when 216 
shocks were registered, all of minor dimen- 
sions. On the other hand, 1900 was a 
minimum year with only 76 shocks. Hence 
the two comparatively severe phenomena of 
this year are in natural order. 

There is talk of abolishing the present 
Foreign Language School in Tokyo as an 
independent institution, and converting it 
into a sectional college of the Ini[>erial 
University. This is precisely analogous to the 
programme recently adopted in the case of 
the High Commercial School, and we antici- 
pate that a similar chorus of disappioval will 
be heard, though as yet nothing has been 
said. 

The Kanegafuchi Spinning Company is 
uihl to which men of substance | said to have made a great success duu'ng the 

term just ended. It is in a position to carry 
f.-i ward 736,000 yen in addition to paying 
a dividend of 14 per cent. It does not follow 
that this may be taken as an earnest of 



similar good fortune in the future. The 
main reason for the success obtained by the 
spinning companies during the first half of 
the current year is that they found themselves 
with large stocks of yarns in the face of a 
rapidly appreciating raw-cottou market. 
They will henceforth, however, have to lay 
in their material at greatly enhanced prices. 

The threatened boycott of the Pacific Mail 
S.S. Company in Hongkong has been 
averted by timely action on the part of the 
Agents. It will be remembered that this- 
trouble had its origin in a placard said to 
have been displayed at the door of the 
Company's Office, directing that all Chinese 
having business at the office should use the 
back entrance. This placard naturally offend- 
ed the Chinese highly, but it seems to have 
been the work solely of the Chinese em- 
ployees at the Office without reference to the 
American Staff". The placard has been 
removed, and the above facts have been 
explained, with the result that the idea of a 
boycott has been abandoned. 

It is stated that the project for establishing 
a company to supply Japanese materials and 
expert labour for tiie purposes of railway 
construction in the Yangtsz valley has 
practically matured. The name of the 
Company is to be Kyoii Kogyo Kabushiki 
Kaisha (Mutual Profit Public Works Joint 
Stock Company), and a meeting of the 
principal projectors is to be held at the Prime 
Minister's residence on the 8th inst. It is 
further stated that Count Komura will soon 
hold a conference with the projectors, who 
therefore appear to have the full sympathy 
of the Japanese Government. 

The Sugar Refining Company appears 
to have encountered a fresh obstacle at 
the very outset of its resuscitated career. 
It has no money to pay its taxes. A 
sum of 70,000 yen became due on ac- 
count of business tax and income tax 
on the 1st of June, but the Company 
has not yet succeeded in collecting funds to 
meet the obligation. What step will ulti- 
mately be taken is a matter of conjecture. 

The ceremony of unveiling the statue of 
Ii Kamon-no-kami is fixed for the I I th inst. 
There is still some talk about the propriety 
of the celebration, but it does not seem to 
amount to much. 

It is stated confidently that the sum 
allotted by the Treasury next year for the 
redemption of national debts will be 60 
million yen, as it was this year. 

There are somewhat vague telegrams this 
morning with reference to the recent execu- 
tion of six Chinese subjects in the United 
States. The Chinese Representative, Mr. 
Wu Ting Fang, is said to be apprehensive 
that the incident will lead to riotous conse- 
quences and has recommended the New- 
York police to be on their guard. Thus far 
the telegrams are sufficiently comprehensible, 
but they then proceed to sj>eakofthe actions 
and interactions of the Highbinders and 
other Chinese coteiies in the American city 
and we confess in tbility to arrive at any 
clear understanding of this pait of the news. 

The Tokyo Municipality has formally ap- 
plied to the Government to provide one half 
of the cost ol supplying tire city with a pro- 
per drainage system, the total outlay on 
which account is estimated at 34 million yen. 

On the 6th inst. the Chiyoda Savings 
Hank was declared bankrupt by the Tokyo 
Local Court on the petition of a creditor 



July io, 1909.J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. «tttt&*3/|ita*i£filBMaai!r 4t 



whose claim amounted to only 5 1 1 yen. 
The claims put in hitherto aggregate only 
1600 yen, but doubtless there are many still 
to follow. 

The first party of Russian tourists left 
Tsuruga on the 6th inst. for Vladivostock. 
They certainly were most mercilessly treat- 
ed by the weather during their sojourn 
in Japan, but nevertheless the impression 
produced upon them by Japanese hospitality 
and by the beauties of the country 
seems to have been very vivid. They 
were earnest in their expressions of thanks, 
and they declared that they would not fail 
to show their gratitude in a practical form 
should any party of Japanese students visit 
Vladivostock. 

Any occurrence that is more or less out 
of the ordinary course of events is sure to be 
followed by an abundant crop of what our 
American cousins call " Fool Questions " 
The recent purchase of Holbein's famous 
portrait of the Duchess of Milan was a case 
in point, and Punch humorously sums up 
the questions it provoked by asking, " How 
many British working men would the sum 
of ^72,000 provide with a pound a week 
for a period of one week?" 

Tokyo journals state that the Fuji Paper 
Maunfacturing Company has arranged to 
borrow a sum of 3 million yen from the 
Industrial Bank, one half to be applied to 
extending the factories, and the remainder to 
paying off a debt due to the Chartered Bank. 
This second half will not be required until 
August IQIO. 



Osaka was firm, and this intelligence caused 
a slight reaction. In the end, however, the 
closing prices showed a slight decline nearly 
all round. The Tokyo Railway was an 
exception, there being no sellers. We append 
the quotations for September delivery : — 
July 71I1. July 8lh. 

Tanko Kisen 43.35 ... 43.35 ... . — 

Tokyo Railway 64.10 ... 64.65 ... + .55 

Kei-Hin Railway 6390 ... 63.110 ... — .40 

Yusen Kaisha 79.85 ... 7985 ... .— 

Toyo Risen 17.10 ... 17.20 ... — 

Tokyo Gas 99.80 ... — ... . — 

Tokyo Dento — ... 94.00 ... . — 

Kuji Gas Spinning 109.45 08.60 ... — .85 

Tokyo Spinning 5°-25 ... 50.30 ... + .05 

Kanegafuclii Spinning. ..102. 45 ...101.65 ... — .8 > 
Beer 76.75 ... 76.40 ... — .35 

— ••• — ••• •— 

Hoden (Takarada) (JiL.1co.30 ...ico.io ... — .20 

Nippon Oil 101.15 ... — ... . — 

Stock Exchange 159.10 ...158.95 ... — .15 



KAMAKURA. 



JAPANESE EMIGRATION. 



TOKYO SWCK EXCHANGE. 



1. 

was 



Thursday, July 
The forenoon session on the 1st inst. 
particularly spiritless and showed a sharp 
decline of prices all round. In the after- 
noon, however, something of a revival took 
place though it left prices generally at a 
lower point than that at which they had 
stood on the 30th ultimo. 

Friday, July 2. 
The 2nd instant saw a certain measure of 
activity in the forenoon, but this changed 
into great dulness in the afternoon. Some- 
thing is evidently hanging over the market. 
It is believed to be an apprehension caused 
by the state of Japan's relations with China. 

Saturday, July 3. 
The Stock Exchange showed a little brisk- 
ness on the 3rd inst., but there was nothing 
sufficiently marked to be worthy of notice. 

Tuesday, July 6. 
Very little business was transacted on the 
Tokyo Stock Exchange on the 6th instant, 
but the disposition to sell, which has been 
prevalent of late, seemed to have been 
checked. On the whole it would appear as 
though bottom had been reached. 

Wednesday, July 7. 
The forenoon of the 7th saw a brisk up- 
ward movement in all shares, but when 
State securities were reached, they showed 
a fall of 1 yen, and this produced a generally 
depressing effect, so that closing prices were 
considerably lower than the highest quota- 
tions of the day. 

Thursday, July 8. 
The continued rain, which inspires fears 
for the rice-crop, produced a feeling of de- 
pression on the Stock Exchange yesterday 
forenoon, and virtually all quotations fell. 
In the afternoon, however, news came that 



We take the following from the Kokumin 
Shimbun : — 

There is no question as to whether Japan is stiicily 
observing the emigration arrangements with Amer- 
ica and Canada. Such strict enforcement cf the 
arrangements will be continued by Japan and it 
seems to dispense with the necessity of the immigra- 
tion clause in the commercial treaty between Ameiica 
and Japan which, like treaties with other Powers, 
is to be revised befote long. Below are reliable 
figures concerning Japanese emigrants to Ameiica, 
Hawaii and Canada : — 

Japanese Passengers To America. 
Labourers. Labourers. Inciease 

Non-Labourers. Non-labourers, or de- 
Total. 

1908. 
294 413 
321 469 
3 8 3 34o 
368 627 
201 426 
To Hawaii. 
22 72c 76 
25 601 62 
22 342 72 
15 454 61 
12 565 124 
To Canada. 
150 
176 
107 
188 
115 



January ... 119 
February .. 148 
March 157 



April 
May 

January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

January ... 
February... 
March .... 

April 

May 



259 
225 

699 
576 
320 
439 
553 

97 
140 

74 
146 

89 



52 
64 
52 
66 

65 



Tota 
1909 
56 



5' 

1 ' 5 
122 

77 



22 

4 
22 

•4 

37 



53 
56 
33 
38 
26 



14 
1 1 

3« 
41 
3i 



7 
4 
21 

17 

7 



108 

i'5 
.65 
188 
142 

98 
66 
94 
75 
'35 

21 
15 
52 

58 
38 



—305 
-354 
—375 
—439 
—284 

— 625 

— 535 
—248 

—379 
—408 



We take the following from the Shanghai 
Mercury : — 

To the Editor of the " Shanghai Mercury." 

Sir, — In the April number of " Social Shanghai," 
published lo-day, I find, under the heading of 
" Kamakura," a very interesting illustrated article, 
which I think deserves c ireful perns il from those 
who contemplate a summer holiday. There is no 
doubt that the majority of the residents of Shanghai 
live what may be properly called the strenuous life. 
Seeing, therefore, that we are entitled to be called a 
busy, hard-working community, it is incumbent on 
every one to take a certain amount of rest and recrea- 
tion. Regular abstention from labour, either mental 
or physical, is absolutely necessary for the maintenance 
of even a fair amount of health. It is only fair to 
say, that men as a rule do not take enough of rest. 
By rest, I include entire change of air and scene, and 
complete absence from business. These are the 
only means at our dispos il for overcoming the worry 
and depression which are the inseparable com- 
panions of the overworked man of business. To my 
mind, there is nothing more bracing to the nervous 
system than sea air, and nothing more invigorating 
to a broken-down constitution than judicious sea- 
bathing. These are both found in perfection in 
Kamakura. The sea-bathing is delightful in every 
respect, and probably unsurpassed in any part of the 
world. I well remember my fust visit to Kamakura, 
in 1869, dining the time of the two-sworded men. 
Forty yeais have passed since then, but ! never can 
forget how much I was impressed by the quiet beauty 
of the lovely character of the surroundings. My sub- 
sequent residence in Japan, and repeated visits to 
Kamakura have only confirmed die favourable 
opinion which I tli-11 formed. I have great pleasure, 
therefore, in endorsing as far as I can the aiticle in 
" Social Shanghai." 

If ample observation and careful research entitle 
me to an authoritative opinion, I should say, mo'-t 
emphatically, that Kamakura is second to no other 
place in Japan lo-day, as a first class health resort. 

It is unnecessary to add that the charming 
Kamakura Kaihin-in Hotel, recently rebuilt, and 
thoroughly furnished throughout, i-; replete with every 
convenience for the comfort of guests. 

I am, etc.. ROBERT J. SLOAN, 

153, Bubbling Well Road. 
Shai ghai, June 23rd, 1909. 



— 129 
— 121 

— 5° 

— 130 

— 77 



Japanese Passengers returned 
From America. 



1909 



295 
213 
377 
253 
381 



Increase or 
decrease. 
— 197 

—3' 5 
+ 52 
—119 

+ 55 



1908 

January 442 

February 528 

March 325 

April 372 

May 326 

From Hawaii. 

January 301 30 

February 291 118 

Match 264 189 

April 311 209 

May 465 521 

From Canada. 

January 19 21 

February 1 8 15 

March 4 5 2 

April 5 37 

May 8 38 

As may be seen from the above and other figures, 
Japanese emigrants returning from America and 
Hawaii are greatly less than those going there in 
1908 and during the first five months of 1909. 



— 241 
—173 

— 75 

— 43 
+ 56 



+ 



2 

3 
48 
32 



POETRY. 

Spero Meliora. 
Cloud shadow flitting, flitting ; 

Unrest of wind-kissed sea ; 
Music passed, yet thrilling ; 

Flower perfume's memory : — 
Waft me from incarnate Thought 

To free Infinity. 

N. G. 



M. 



THE PERAMBULATING PIERROTS 
AT KAMAKURA. 



The fine weather on Saturday enabled the 
entertainment of the "Perambulating Pierrots" 
at Kamakura to be held in the garden of the 
Kaihin-in, to the great delectation of the week- 
end visitors. All the items were enthusiastically 
received, especially those by Capt. and Mrs. Beas- 
ley, who represented the Hongkong talent among 
the " Pierrots." 

The programme was as follows : — 
Part I. 

r.— Chorus " Who Did? " Scott Gatty 

Mr. Windett. 

2. — Song " Never go to Sea 

on a Friday" Motley 

Mr. Cooper. 

3. — Comic Song..." The Runaway 

Motor Car " Thomas 

Mr. Aslet. 

4. — Banjo Solo Selected 

Capt. Beasley. 

5. — Song " Villya " 

Mrs. Beasley. 

6. — Song " The Bandolero " Leslie Stuart 

Mr. W. H. Lewis. 

7. — Comic Duet ..." Great Scott " H. Montague 

Messrs. Aslet and Windett. 

Part II. 

1. — Banjo Solo Selected 

Capt. Beasley. 

2. — Comic Song..." I'am afraid to go 

home in the dark" V. Alstyne 

Mr. Windett. 

3. — Song " Troopin " P. C. C. 

Mr. Col man. 

4. — Duet "Awake" Pellessier 

Messrs. Lewis and Cooper. 

5. — Comic Song "Sneezing " Seldon 

Mr. Aslet. 

6. — Chorus "Good-night" Scott Galty 

The Company. 



42 . W»**¥3*ttB*H«B1WMSTir THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July io, 1909. 



THE BUDGET-BELOW THE SURFACE. 

"V^/"E have already alluded in these columns 
to the general character of the Budget 
which was recently presented to the 
House of Commons and which now, in the 
definite form of a Finance Bill, is being sub- 
jected to keen debate in the Mother of 
Parliaments. There are, however, several 
features of the " Great Democratic Budget " i 
on which it would be well to lay emphasis, 
in view of the large issues involved. The 
Finance Bill of 1909 may yet lead directly 
to a General Election ; it may yet prove 
the rock upon which the Radical Go- 
vernment now in power will rush to des- 
truction, and in contemplating the somewhat 
tortuous course now followed by the Ship of 
State with Radicalism — not to say, Socialism 
— at the helm, what, one might well ask, 
are the " breakers ahead "? 

In the first place, it may fairly be claimed 
that Mr. Lloyd George, in attempting to deal 
with an admittedly difficult situation, has 
made the mistake of framing a distinctly 
provocative Budget. To take one instance 
only — the new proposed Land Taxes, which 
are placed first in the Finance Bill and 
occupy more than one-third of the entire 
text, are estimated to give a total yield 
of a paltry half-million sterling. No 
one preten Is — 'least of all, the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer himself — that this money is 
wanted. The various new taxation proposals 
embodied in this " Democratic " Budget are 
expected to produce, at the end of the 
financial year, a huge surplus of from 
eight to ten millions. What is to be 
done with this handsome profit, it is 
not difficult to guess — and we shall revert 
to the interesting question later; but, in the 
meanwhile, we may fitly enquire — why this 
impost on Land Values, with its insignificant 
proceeds ? The answer which that most 
moderate of reviews, the Spectator, gives to 
the query is to the effect that the new Land 
Taxes — and, in fact, the Finance Bill gene- 
rally — represent "a deliberate attempt on the 
part of the present Government to introduce 
the theories of Mr. Henry George in place 
of the principles which all civilized nations 
have hitherto accepted " : — 

By placing these taxes in the forefront of the ! 
Finance Bill Mr. Lloyd George has notified to ! 
Parliament that before all things his Budget is a 
fighting litidget. All the soft talk in which he has 
indulged of late, all his recent protestations that his] 
only desire is to raise the necessary revenue from ' 
those who can best afford to nay, mean nothing. The 
Finance Bill is primarily intended to give effect to the 
Henry Georgeite superstition — which lias eaten so 
deeply into the Liberal Party — that the piivate owner- 
ship of land is a sin against the community, and 
that national prosperity can only be secured by con- 
fiscating as rapidly as possible the whole value of all 
the land which is privately owned. Those who be- 
lieve that the private ownership of land has been in 
the past one of the most potent causes of the 
advancement of mankind will gladly accept the 
challenge. 

But, as we pointed out in a pre- 
vious article, the Budget of 1909 is not 
merely a provocative, but a retaliatory, 
measure. Before its introduction Mr. 
AsQUirit and Mr. Lloyd George boast- 
ed that they would use it as a means of 
punishing the licensed trade : after its general 



principles had become known, Mr. WlNSTON 
Churchill and Mr. Runciman declared that 
the threat had been made good. Now, 
quite apart from the desirability and ex- 
pediency, or otherwise, of raising funds 
out of the pockets of brewers and public- 
ans, all claim to virtue in legislation is 
discounted by the betrayal of such a spirit. 
It may even be doubted whether the most 
f extreme type of Nonconformist Conscience 
— in its inner consciousness — could really 
feel satisfaction in the alleged promotion of 
temperance by legislation of an avowedly 
vindictive character. Nor can the Govern- 
ment's policy vis a vis " the trade " be said 
to be devoid of inconsistency. For instance, 
there is the proposal to increase the duty on 
home-made spirit by 3s. 9d. per gallon. 
The annual yield to the Treasury thus 
derived is estimated by the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer at £\, 600,000 ; but the distillers, 
through the inevitable enhancement in price, 
would benefit to the extent of ,£4,000,000. 
In other words, a Government which prides 
itself on the observance of such Free- 
trade axioms as that " no tax is justified 
unless it goes almost intact to the State 
without laying an appreciable burden on 
the consumer," and which announces its 
intention of making the licensed victuallers 
" feel sorry " that the House of Lords 
rejected the Licensing Bill, endows the dis- 
tillers of whisky with a lump sum of 
£4,000,000 ! Similarly, the Prime Minister 
assures us in one breath that the brewers can 
well afford to pay an extra duty on beer, 
and, in another, that tlie brewers have no 
grievance because they can easily get the 
extra charge out of their customers. Can it 
be the policy of this Democratic Government 
to persuade the country that the brewery 
companies will suffer no real injury and 
then, when their proposals have become law, 
to interdict an increase in the retail pi ice 
of the commodity ? Though it is difficult 
to imagine that even a Government with a 
clear majority of 250 votes would embark 
upon so suicidal a course of treachery, how 
else are their contradictory arguments to be 
explained ? 

The essence of the whole matter is that 
the Budget of 1909 is not, as one of the 
j leading Reviews expresses it, "a bonafide 
provision for the levying of the annual 
revenue." It bears a distinctly non-financial 
character. Under cover of being a normal 
measure of Supply it is a political manoeuvre 
of the most palpable description. The 
tenure of the present Government is by no 
means so secure as it seems : there are 
signs of waning popular confidence, signs 
that its reign is drawing to an ignoble end. 
Therefore to stave off, or to provide for, the 
evil day, was drawn up the Develop- 
ment Grant Bill, whose introduction Mr. 
Lloyd George has deemed it advisable 
to postpone. This " rankly unconsti- 
tutional " measure, the corollary of a " trium- 
phantly Socialistic Budget," was to provide 
for the disposal of the huge anticipated 
surplus to the best advantage of the 



Radical party. This time next year — 
were the dreaded appeal to the country 
inevitable and imminent — the vast bribe 
would work wonders with a vacillating 
electorate. But there are many indications 
that, if the Government persists with the 
Finance Bill in its entirely, the appeal to 
the country will not be so long delayed. 
Admitting — which we do not admit — 
that the Upper Chamber has no right 
to reject or even to amend a Budget, 
the present financial proposals of the 
Government, as we have shown, are so 
much more than mere financial proposals 
that, should the House of Lords reject 
them, their action will, we believe, be heartily 
endorsed by the country. While there is 
just a possibility that a revolt on 
the part of the Moderate Liberals, to the 
number of 70 or 80, . may compel the 
Government to strip the Budget of those of 
its features which savour of political trickery, 
yet it is more than probable that the closure 
guillotine, worked by a complaisant majority, 
will force the Finance Bill through. Then, 
indeed, will the issue be joined, and it will 
remain for the Peers to prove that they are 
not, in the words of Lord Chelmsford, 
" Ciphers in the Constitution." As for " the 
most democratic Budget of modern times," 
should it enter unshorn into the Gilded 
Chamber, and were it gifted with speech as 
the mouthpiece of the Liberal party, it might 
well say, in the words of the dying Bourbon, 
" Aprcs moi Ic deluge / " 



A CONTRAST. 

"^yE are not surprised to find that a 
close observer like the editor of the 
Nichi Nichi Sliimbun sees a striking contrast 
between the markedly amicable language of 
Prince Tsai Cheng and the attitude of the 
Government he represents. It is of course 
the business of an envoy charged with 
such a mission as that entrusted to the 
Prince to act and speak with perfect 
courtesy. But there is a palpable dif- 
ference between the language of conven- 
tional politeness and that of sincere friendship. 
The Chinese Prince unquestionably used 
words which belong to the latter category, 
and it is not sui prising that Japanese 
publicists should find difficulty in reconciling 
his expressions with the demeanour of the 
Peking statesmen. It is impossible to ignore 
the fact that China is not treating Japan 
in anything like an amicable manner at 
present. In truth, if things continue in 
their present groove, the relations of the 
two Powers must soon become strained. 
It is not to be supposed that China 
alone is in fault. Many of the Japanese 
subjects who visited Manchuria in the train 
of the victorious army or in the immediate 
sequel of the war behaved in a manner not 
at all calculated to placate the Chinese, and 
even now Japanese immigration is character- 
ized by features which can not commend it 
to the people of Manchuria. But the Peking 
Government's attitude goes considerably be- 



July io, 1909. | 



the jApan WEEKLY MAIL. n»itx¥2AiirBJRHafs««]!s?r 43 



yond any feelingof resentment which these cir- j law ; the other, by reference to the 
'cumstances might have engendered. Chinese [ context in which the word occurs in 
statesmen are acting with plainly unfriendly ' the Treaty. The former does not greatly 



obstructiveness in all their negotiations with 
this country, and are even disposed to ignore 
the explicit provisions of their treaties. Such 
a state of affairs can not be prolonged inde- 
finitely without grave mischief to the relations 
between the two countries. 

In this context we may refer to a 
controversy between the Japan Times 
and the Japan Chronicle. The latter jour- 
nal, as might have been confidently 
predicted, traverses the former's version 
of Art. VI. of the Peking Treaty of 
1905. We do not propose to enter into the 
rights or wrongs of this controversy here, 
further than to say that in our opinion the 
words of the article, namely, kivabutsu unpan 
yo ni aratameru, plainly signify, " to convert 
into a goods-carrying line," which expres- 
sion can not possibly be constiued in any 
sense other than the change of the present 
narrow-gauge military road into an ordinary 
commercial railway. There is, however, one 
point to which we may direct attention as 
illustrating the singular disposition shown by 
some critics to twist everything in Japan's 
disfavour. The Japan Chronicle appears to 
challenge the correctness of the Japan Times 
views on the ground that in its resume of 
the contents of the Treaty the latter journal 
omitted the provision that the work of con- 
version is to be completed within two years, 
exclusive of twelve months required for the 
repatriation of the troops. The Japan Times 
placably remarks that the omission of this 
clause does not vitiate its argument. 
We should think not, indeed. On the con- 
trary, the clause as it stands strongly 
confirms the Japanese view. For how 
can it be supposed that the negotiators of 
the Treaty were thinking of mere every-day 
"improvement," when they fixed a maximum 
period of two years for the completion of the 
contemplated work over a railway only 70 
miles in length ? From first to last no 
straightforward critic, as it seems to us, can 
construe the Treaty in any sense except as 
conferring on Japan the right to convert the 
military line between Antung and Mukden 
into a permanent track having the gauge and 
potentialities of an ordinary commercial 
railway, such as those existing in other parts 
of Manchuria. 



" GRUNDSTUCK." 



A GERMAN writer in the Japan Herald 
— such at least appears to be his nation- 
ality — has been kind enough to enter into 
a long explanation of the word Grundstuck. 
The exact sense in which the word was used 
by the framers of the German- Japanese 
Revised Treaty is a matter of considerable 
interest. Did the German negotiators 
employ the term in the sense of land only, 
or did they employ it in the sense of " land 
together with all structures standing on it ?" 
There are two methods of arriving at a con- 
clusion 



help us, for, according to the writer 
in the Japan Herald, the German Civil 
Code uses grundstuck on one page in 
the sense of " land pure and simple," and 
on the next page as " land and structures 
thereon " We must therefore have recourse 
to the context, and there we at once find 
ourselves on firmer ground. In the first 
place, the writer in our local contemporary 
admits frankly that the original treaty use 
of grundstuck was in the sense of land alone, 
since nothing but land then existed in the 
settlements. Are we then to suppose that 
German experts, when they came to revise 
the Treaty, used the same word grundstuck 
in a greatly extended sense, without any refer- 
ence whatever to the change and without any 
intimation of it to their Japanese colleagues? 
In the second place, the term in question is not 
unqualified. It is defined as the grundstuck 
held under perpetual lease. Now the writer 
in the Japan Herald himself declares that 
the perpetual leases were leases of land only, 
since land alone existed when they were 
drafted. When and how then did they 
become leases of houses ? In the third 
place, the Settlement Clause of the Ger- 
man Treaty contains a stipulation that the 
grundstuck might hereafter be freely sold 
by its possessor to Japanese and foreigners 
without seeking the consent of Consular or 
Japanese Authoiities, as had hitherto been 
done. But the only property whose 
transfer had previously required such consent 
was land, and it is therefore certain that the 
grundstuck referred to in this stipulation 
signified land, and land alone. In the fourth 
place, the German negotiators, having asked 
for some clear assurance that the grundstuck 
would not be liable to municipal taxes, were 
informed by the Japanese Authorities that 
"all land-taxes, municipal equally with 
Imperial, are paid by the actual owners of 
land; hence, as the Japanese Government 
is owner of all land in the foreign settle- 
ments, the leaseholder can not be called 
upon to pay such taxes." Here there can 
not be the smallest doubt that the grundstuck 
in question was land and land only. 

Such are the reasons on which we base 
our interpretation of the word grundstuck 
as employed in the Revised German- 
Japanese Treaty. They remain wholly 
undisturbed by the arguments of the writer 
in the Japan Herald. As for his charges 
that the Japan Daily Mail " indulges in 
open slander against the German Govern- 
ment," and uses " slanderous innuendoes," 
we may be pardoned lor ignoring such 
silliness. 



the Japanese armies in the Manchurian cam- 
paign, and, as a distinguished soldier, he tooka 
keen interest in all the phases of that wonder- 
ful war. He has now given evidence of his in- 
terest by publishing a Frenpli translation of the 
Reglement die 14. Octobre rpoy sur le Service 
en Campagne dans I' Armce Japonaisc. When 
wespeakof a" reglement," the ideasuggested 
is that of a comparatively small insignificant 
document, but in this case the very opposite is 
the truth, for the Standing Order in question 
runs to 320 pages in Mr. Corvisart's transla- 
tion. It comprises, indeed, the whole system 
of field service adopted in the Japanese 
Army, and as it was promulgated in 1907, it 
must be taken as embodying the teachings 
and expeiiences of the war. We have never 
seen the original : naturally it is not in the 
hands of the public. But the translation is 
said to be made literally from the Japan- 
ese text, and therefore the work can be 
thoroughly relied on for accuracy. It must 
have immense interest for all military men. 
Colonel Corvisart says in his preface : — 
" Hie new standing Order perpetuates 
the teachings of the Manchurian cam- 
paign, collected, considered and applied 
by the conquerors themselves. The trans- 
lator has laid himself out to follow faith- 
fully and very closely the Japanese text, 
so as to preserve the originality of the docu- 
ment. Notes furnish explanatory indica- 
tions wherever that has seemed necessary." 
There are a number of tables which greatly 
enhance the value of the book. It can not 
be doubted that Baron Corvisart has render- 
ed a great service to his profession by the 
publication of this book, and we offer him 
hearty congratulations. 



THE BOOKSHELF. 

Reglement sur le Service en Campagne 
Japo»ais; by le Colonel Corvisart. 
Berger-Levrault and Cie, Paris. 

M. le Baron Corvisart was for some 



years Military Attache to the Embassy of 
One is by reference to German the French Republic in Tokyo. He followed 



INDEPENDENCE DAY. 

The 133rd Anniversary of the Declaration of 
American Independence was celebrated by tlie 
American residents of Vokohama on the 5th 
instant, the 4th falling on Sunday. 

Notwithstanding the steady downpour of rain, 
the customary reception at the American Con- 
sulate-General was well attended. In fact, it 
would seem as if Japanese goodwill had called 
out an even larger attendance of Govern- 
ment officials and other notabilities than 
usual. The reception was attended by H.E. 
Baron Sum, Governor ©f Kanagawa Prefecture ; 
Mr. N. Mitsuhashi, Mayor of Yokohama, the 
Judges of the various Courts, the Prefectural and 
Municipal officers, the President of the Yokohama 
Specie Bank, and many others. 

The Consular body was well represented, aDd 
the American cruiser in the harbour furnished its 
quota of officers. 

The Yacht races in the afternoon were carried 
out, under most unfavourable conditions, with 
the following results: — ■ 

Yachts over 22 rating, distance 1425 miles: 
order of arrival, r. Mary; 2. Maid Marion; 3, 
Asagao. Mr. Strong's Asagao took the prize, a 
cup presented by tlie American Ambassador, 
on a time allowance of 43 minutes. 

In the 22 raters race, Mr. Potts' Edna came in 
first, winning the American Residents' Cup, 
followed by the Elsa. 

The Lark Class race was won by No. 7, sailed 
by Mr. N. Brockhurst, who took the Cup pre- 
sented by American Residents for that event. 

The usual American dinner was held in the 
evening at the Grand Hotel, and was largely 
attended. A special dinner, followed by dancing, 
was given at the Oriental Palace Hotel, the music 
being furnished by the famous Toyama Band. 

The display of fireworks was postponed until 
the evening of the 6th, when it was witnessed by 
an enormous crowd of people. In view of 
threatening weather— a little rain, in fact, did fall 
— matters were expedited, so that all was over 
shortly after 9 o'clock. 



44 Wffitt3L*H/ji*B*3«K«fca*J THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 10, 1909. 



YOKOHAMA'S JUBILEE. 



The Memorial Ham. : Inaugural Ceremony. 

The first official function — the laving of the 
foundation stone of the Jubilee Memorial Hall — 
took place shortly after 10 a.m., on July 1, to the 
accompaniment of a full Shinto ritual, in t he pre- 
sence of the Mayor, the members of the Com- 
mittee, and a few guests. On the conclusion 
of the religious ceremony, the Committee repaired 
to the station to meet the guests from Tokyo. 

The Ceremony in the Customs Compound. 

It was a few minutes after 2.30 when the 
Mayor, Mr. N. Mitsuhashi, accompaired by the 
principal speakers, by representatives of the 
Diplomatic and Consular services and by a few 
of the guests, took his seat on the platform 
erected in the central portion of one of the huge 
Pavilions of the Customs Compound. The pro- 
ceedings opened with the playing of the National 
Hymn by the massed bands, and the singing of 
the Municipal Song by some 200 children who 
had been drawn up or either side of the open 
space fronting the platform. The Mayor then 
delivered the opening speech, which was as 
follows : — 

\ our Excellencies, Ladies and Gentle- 
men, — It is a great honour to our gathering to-day 
that guests, botli foreign and Japanese, attend the 
Jubilee Celebration of the Yokohama Port Open- 
ing. It is fifty years since this port was opened as 
a trading post with foreign countries, when Yoko- 
hama was only a thinly-populated fishing-village 
on the Eastern waters, where reeds and grasses 
grew thick. The state of things rapidly changed 
and, every facility being afforded, a large number of 
people were attracted to the port from the inland 
districts, as well as from distant foreign countries. 
The number of houses increased, and the levelling 
of ground and the filling in of marshes and of a 
portion of the bay, largely increased the available 
building land. Month by month and year by 
year, improvements have been adopted, until now 
the number of houses is about 70,000 and the 
population close upon 400,000. In the mean- 
time, the harbour accommodation has been 
enlarged, and the number of ships entering 
and leaving the harbour lias steadily increased. 
According to the latest returns, the foreign 
trade of the port has reached the large sum of 
yen 350,000,000, which makes Yokohama one of 
the most important ports in the Far East. Con- 
sidering that it is only half a century since the 
port was opened, the rapid progress it has made 
may well strike the world with astonishment. 
When we look back, the event we are commemo- 
rating to-day seems to belong to another age. 

It is clear that the wonderful development that 
has been made in so short time is due in part to 
the cordial friendship of foreign Powers ; but, at 
the same time, the exertions of the Yokohama 
townspeople have in no less degree contributed 
towards this great achievement. We, however, 
turning our attention to the large commercial 
cities of Europe and America, realize that there 
still remain many things not yet perfected in our 
town, which is the entrance gate of the Imperial 
Capital, besides being an important Oriental port. 
We, the townspeople, should not rest satisfied with 
what has so far been attained, but, exerting our- 
selves with still greater effort, should make Yoko- 
hama one of the greatest sea ports in the world, to 
the glory of our country and in pursuance of 
the Imperial plan since the establishment of our 
Empire. By so doing we may retain, perhaps, 
one ten-thousandth part of the Imperial favours 
we have received. It is an object worthy to be 
sought, and to be bequeathed to posterity. 

In commemoration of the fiftieth year of the 
opening of the port, we propose to erect the 
Yokohama Kwaikwan, or Memorial Hall, in which 
to hold public gatherings, and the ceremony of 
laying the foundation stone of that building has just 
been performed. Henceforth we must devote our 
energies to the development of Yokohama, con- 
tinuing to devise new plans and enterprises, and 
to adopt measures for promoting the prosperity of 
the town. The celebration of this brilliant Memo- 
rial Day, which is honoured with the attendance 
of your Excellencies and Gentlemen, is not only 



an honour to the town, but will also, we believe, 
assist, 111 no small degree, the progress of the 
Empire. — (Applause). 

Marquis Katsura's address, read in his un- 
avoidable absence by his secretary, Mr. Sakata, 
was as follows : — 

It gives me great pleasure to congratulate 
you, Gentlemen, on the celebration of the Yoko- 
hama Port-Opening Jubilee, which takes place 
to day. It seems to me that the probable reason 
why a poor village of former days has become 
a flourishing city and seaport within 50 years 
is that it is the gate of the Imperial Capital, 
situated in the focus of communication. Its 
geographical position is highly advantageous, 
and its facilities for commerce have kept pace 
with the progress of the world as well as 
with the increasing prosperity of our own coun- 
try. But the hard toil and diligent labour of 
the people of Yokohama, who have endeavoured 
to do their utmost in carrying out the great 
idea of development both in public and in private, 
have contributed towards the effect in large 
measure. I believe it can be confidently ex- 
pected that your indomitable perseverance will 
make the development of this port still more 
conspicuous, until it shall become one of the 
greatest ports in the world. On this occasion, I 
wish to associate with the progress of Yokohama 
the general prosperity of the country, and I pray 
for the promotion of both. — (Applause). 

H. E. Monsieur Gerard, the Ambassador of 
France, then made the following speech : — 
Excellences, Monsieur le President, Mesdames, 
Messieurs, ha date dont nous celebrons au- 
jourd'hui l'anniversaire est inscrite au Livre d'Or 
de l'Extreme-Orient et de l'Histoire. 

L'ancien hameau de pecheurs qui ne comptait 
en 1859 que quelques cabanes, et qui, en cin- 
quante ans, est devenu l'un des grands ports du 
Pacifique et de l'Univers, a vu s' accomplir l'un 
des evenements les plus memorables du Siecle 
dernier : l'ouverture d'un pays appele a prendre 
si rapidement sa place parmi les grandes Puis- 
sances de ce monde, et a etre, par l'exchange des 
produits et des idees, par le contact des civilisa- 
tions, le lien entre le mysterieux Orient et 
l'Occident. 

Vous avez, Monsieur le President et Maire, 
celebre en termes eloquents la prodigieuse croiss- 
ance de ce port dont le commerce exterieur s'est, 
en 1908, eleve au chiffre de 350 millions de yen, 
et dont l'avenir peut, a bon droit, paraitre illimite. 

D'autres voix diront qu'elle est, dans ces efforts 
et dans ces resultats, la part de la nation vigor- 
euse pour qui la revolution de Meiji a ete, sous la 
haute direction du Souverain et d'une elite, en 
meme temps que le reveil a la vie du dehors, une 
ceuvre de restauration interieure, de renaissance, 
de retour a sa vocation et a son genie. 

Qu'il me soit permis, au nom du corps diploma- 
tique dont j'ai l'honneur d'etre en ce moment 
l'organe, de marquer ici combien, en s'associant 
dans la personne de leurs representants et par la 
presence de quelques-uns de leurs navires, a la 
celebration de ce jour, les Puissances etrangeres 
se felicitent qu'il leur ait ete donne, grace aux 
relations etablies alors entre elles et le Japon, de 
concourir a la prosperity du vieil Empire et du 
jeune port qui fete son cinquantenaire. 

Le " Memorial Hall," dont la premiere pierre 
a etc posee ce matin, consacrera, avec le souvenir 
de cette ceremonie et de ceux, nationaux ou 
etrangers, qui ont joue un role dans les evene- 
ments du demi-siecle ecoule, — la pensee de paix, 
d'harmonie Internationale sous Its auspices de 
laquelle le Japon, en s'ouvrant au commerce du 
monde, a repondu a l'appel de ses propres 
destinees. 

Nos voeux, notre confiant espoir sont, aujourd- 
'hui comme il y a cinquante ans, que ce meme 
esprit continue a inspirer nos communes relations 
et a assurer, dans un loin tain avenir, avec le 
dcveloppment du commerce universel, le dcvelop- 
pement du commerce universel le progres in- 
interrompu de la civilisation et de l'humanite. 

The speech delivered by H. E. Baron Sufu, 
Governor of Kanagawa Prefecture, was as 
follows : — 

I am sure that none of us present can 
doubt that our Yokohama is an important place 



when we see the harbour full of large vessels 
coming and going, and realize the magnitude of 
its commerce both in Japanese and foreign goods. 
As we look back, this port was formerly a poor 
deserted village, which, with the changing world, 
has grown up by degrees, so that at length we see 
fine buildings from the seashore to the 
tops of the hills surrounding the town, and 
the streets crowded with vehicles. This pros- 
perity owes much to the Imperial foresight in 
the first establishment of the Empire, and to the 
friendship of foreign countries, which is growing 
in intimacy year by year. It is my firm belief that 
this port will become more and more prosperous 
in future. — (Applause). 

Mr. J. C. Hall, i s.o., British Consul General, 
then said: — Mr. Mayor, Your Excellencies, Ladies 
and Gentlemen, In this celebration of the happy 
results of half a century's foreign trade, the 
foreign consuls whose main duties are connected 
with the trade and shipping of the port, desire to 
add their note to the general chorus of congratula- 
tions. None know better than they do that the 
advantages of trade can never be all on the one 
side, none perceive more clearly the indis- 
pensability of an enterprising mercantile class 
between the tillers of the soil and the manu- 
facturers of goods, on the one hand, and the 
general body of consumers of all classes, on the 
other. This sound view of the necessity and the 
bilateral beneficence of foreign trade was grasped 
with especial firmness of convic'ion by the first 
foreign consul who ever resided in this country, 
the American, Townsend Harris. His opport- 
unities for preaching the gospel of foreign trade 
were unique. And no man could ha\e made better 
use of them than he did during his two years' lonely 
residence at Shimoda and his occasional visits to 
Yedo. His name should ever be associated with 
that of Commodore Perry in the minds of Japan- 
ese merchants ; even as his memory is cherished 
with pride by foreign consuls of all nationalities 
stationed in this country. Right worthy was he 
of the honour which his Government conferred 
on him in appointing him its first resident diplo- 
matic representative. And no Englishman living 
here is likely to forget that their first national 
representatives in Japan, Sir Rutherford Alcock 
and Sir Harry Parke?, were men of consular 
experience. Both hid an important part to 
play in Yokohama's early history ; and the 
impartial verdict of posterity will be that they 
acquitted themseives with credit to their country 
and with benefit to Japan. As my memories of 
Yokohama extend over more than forty years, I 
may perhaps be forgiven for indulging in this 
reminiscence. It is, however, in the name and on 
behalf of my colleagues of the Consular body 
that I am permitted to speak to day ; and we un- 
animously desire to express in no merely con- 
ventional or complimentary phrases, our pro- 
found appreciation of the courtesy, consideration 
and kindness which we have always received at 
the hands of the local authorities and officials 
with whom we are brought into contact. In the 
next place, I must express our good wishes for 
the welfare of the port, and our confidence in its 
future prosperity. For my own part, speaking 
with the careful observation requisite in the 
preparation of annual consular trade reports, I 
affirm without fear of contradiction that Yoko- 
hama grew and prospered greatly during the 
thirty years of free trade regime which it 
enjoyed under the old 5 per cent. Import Tariff 
of 1866. Whether it was in consequence of that 
Tariff, or as some may possibly suppose, in spite 
of it, is a controversial point on which I am not 
now at liberty to touch. But trade is a living 
thing, and accomodates itself to all conditions, and 
its benefits are not merely of the material kind : 
for commerce never has been and never can be 
carried on without a concurrent interchange of 
the amenities of social life. The exchange of 
commodities furnishes opportunities for the inter- 
communication of the mental, moral and spirit- 
ual products of all countries and climes. It does 
more : it habituates men to think of pacific in- 
dustry as a possible alternative to war for the 
organized collective activity of man. In short, 
it is the chief agency in that great movement 
which, amid all the dim of war's alarms, we see 
going on around us to-day, even as it lias been 



July lo, I909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. Mte*3L*Znnn 4* 



going on throughout recorded time, the growing 
incorporation of Humanity. 

The future task which lies before the merchants 
of Japan is therefore not less noble than that which 
has been performed by her soldiers in the past. 
] .et us hope that the City of Yokohama will often 
have occasion to celebrate many a centenary of its 
opening to the trade and commerce of the world. 

As a somewhat more durable token of the 
sentiments which I have so inadequately endea- 
voured to put into words, my colleagues of the 
Consular body beg the acceptance, Mr. Mayor, by 
yourself and the Municipal Council of Yokohama, 
of this piece of plate, fashioned by a Japanese 
artist, with a commemorative foreign inscription. 
(Applause). 

The gift consisted of an elaborately chased 
silver bowl bearing the following inscription : — 
" Le Corps Consulaire a la Ville de Yokohama 
en Souvenir du Cinquantieme Anniversaire de 
l'Ouverture du Port. I. VII. MCMIX." 

Mr. Mitsuhashi having accepted the memento 
and made a suitable reply, 

Baron Shibusawa then spoke as follows : — 
On this 1st day of July in the 42nd year of 
Meiji, the ceremony in commemoration of the 
50th anniversary of the opening of the port of 
Yokohama is being celebrated. This may 
be called an unprecedented, a magnificent occa- 
sion. Being honoured with an invitation to this 
ceremony, I cannot repress the feelings arising 
within me, as I offer you my hearty 
congratulations. 

Looking back fifty years, it is difficult to realize 
that this place was merely a fishing-village. The 
proposal of opening the port having once been 
decided upon, the lower hills were cleared away 
and many parts of the sea were filled in, so 
as to provide the town that was to be with a 
suitable site. In course of time, a large number 
of business houses were built in regular order, and 
many vessels were seen in the harbour. Foreign 
trade increased, and Yokohama became one of 
the large ports of the Far East. This has 
not only contributed to the happiness of 
the town, but has also been in harmony 
with the general trend of the commerce 
of the world. The opening of the port was 
first suggested by the United States of Amer- 
ica, and it brought about a change in the policy 
adopted siDce the era of Kwan-ei. In the mean- 
time, the Imperial Restoration took place, and 
thenceforward the production of the whole 
country has much increased and capital has 
increased in proportion. The annual amount of 
imports and exports has increased year by year, 
until the present prosperity has been attained. 
This, of course, has been effected by hard 
toil, but it must also be admitted that the same was 
ordained by the grace of Heaven ; otherwise it 
would have been impossible to have made such 
rapid progress. We who are engaged in business 
and are in close relationship with Yokohama feel 
happy above all others in this celebration to-day. 
While we have to offer thanks to the various Gov- 
ernments of Europe and America for having taken 
the lead in the expansion of our commerce, we 
ought to remember that our own countrymen have 
endeavoured directly and indirectly to promote 
the same end by increasing production, and they 
have thus contributed in no small degree the 
development of the State. On this magnificent 
occasion, I cannot fully express my feelings as I 
offer you my hearty congratulation. (Applause). 

Mr. Ono, Chairman of the Yokohama Chamber 
v,f Commerce, having read a short address of con- 
gratulation, Mr. H. V. Henson, Chairman of 
the Foreign Board of Trade, said : — Your 
Ladies and Gentlemen, His 
Mayor, our worthy Chair- 
spoken for all sections of the 
his welcome to the guests who 
have honoured our city on the fiftieth anniversary 
of its establishment, it is unnecessary for me to 
do more, on behalf of foreign residents, than most 
heartily endorse his remarks, particularly those 
in which he expresses the gratification experienced 
by all of us at the spectacle of the Empire's 
leading statesmen and the representatives of 
Treaty Powers assembled here to-day to partici- 
pate in our Celebration. 
But, with your permission, I will say a few 



words on the unique character of the development 
of this city of Yokohama, which, from a hamlet 
of a hundred cottages, has grown in the short 
space of two generations to be one < f the im- 
portant trading centres of the world Id 1859 
forty-four foreigners took up their residence here ; 
to-day there are something like 9,000 living in 
what we are proud to consider one of the great 
marts as well as one of the most a' tractive cities 
in the Far Enst. Selected as a convenient spot 
for conducting the foreign trade of Central Japan, 
situated in what was then a backwater of the main 
stream of the country's commerce, resorted to 
by a few adventurous spirits for the purpose 
of opening up trade relations, Yokohama was 
never deserted by its good Genius, who, early 
in its history knew how to exact the full measure 
of allegiance from residents of all nationalities. 
Keen, hard-headed men of business were bought 
under the spell, and from the first served their city 
right faithfully, many who had come to trade 
remaining to make the place their permanent 
home, while others settled within its hospitable 
boundaries who merely reached these shores as in* 
quiring sightseers. All experienced the charm 
exercised by this erstwhile swampy fishing village, 
and in their several ways contiibuted to the 
astonishing progress which has been manifested in 
the last fifty years, the result of which this Cele- 
bration to-day bears witness The development of 
Yokohama has proceeded in uninterrupted pro- 
sperity side by side with the increase of trade 
conducted on highly competitive lines but under 
conditions calculated to secure the best results 
from that international cooperation which con- 
stitutfs the special feature of the city's rise. 

As in the past we have assisted at the progress 
of Yokohama, so in the future it is our ambition to 
aid in such ways as may be within our power in 
the continued prosperity and expansion of our 
city of which all residents, irrespective of nation- 
ality, are so justly proud. (Applause). 



Following these more formal proceedings came 
several geisha dances and similar entertainments, 
after which refreshments were served, the visitors 
gradually leaving the Customs Compound from 
4 o'clock, to witness the festivities in the streets. 



Excellencies, 
Worship the 
man, having 
community in 



Decorations and Processions. 

Thedecorations and illuminations of the hotels, 
banks, shipping offices and other places of busi- 
ness in Yamashita-cho were on a more extensive 
scale than has been witnessed for many years ; 
indeed it is doubtful if they were ever before so 
general and so effective. 

Many shop fronts in Honcho-dori, Benten- 
dori and other Japanese business thoroughfares 
were beautifully decorated with effigies of histor- 
ical characters or with hyobu, kakemono, and 
other works of art. At many important points 
temporary stages were erected and kagura was 
performed at intervals throughout the day. 

The illumination of the men-of-war in the har- 
bour, while less impressive than that of the Ame- 
rican fleet in October last, gained considerably 
in effectiveness from the fact that four of the five 
ships were inside the breakwater, and not a mile 
and a half away, as was the case with the U. S. 
battleships. 

A feature of the illuminations was the colossal 
representation of the new Municipal Crest, 
measuring some 40 feet by 28, displayed from 
the Hundred Steps, and outlined in brilliantly 
coloured lights. 

In Honcho Itchome, there was displayed a 
wooden signboard showing the place where the 
Memorial Hall will be erected. Near by were a 
Hoko-dashi, decorated with a statue of lenshoko- 
daijin and a figure of Benkei made of porcelain 
ware, carrying a pole at the two ends of which 
were a bell and a lantern, with the badge of the 
town. This illustrates allegorically an old Japa- 
nese proverb, Chochin tit Tsurigane, which 
means a lopsided match. 

In Honcho Nichome, a miniature garden, re- 
presenting Hommoku Point, Kamon Hill and 
Yokohama village of 50 years ago, was exhibited. 

Both sides of Benten-dori were adorned with 
wisteria-trellis work and the customary lanterns, 
and there were few shops that failed to make an 



attractive display of works of art, ancient or 
modern. 

Probably nothing else interested foreign visitors 
quite so much as the huge dashi, drawn by oxen 
and by gaily-clad men and boys, which paraded 
the streets during the afternoon. In one of the 
most effective was a party of quaintly attired 
geisha. 

A large nflmber of geisha, uniformly dressed, 
drew a dashi, decorated with the doll of momotaro, 
the geisha singing a kiyari song as they marched. 
They were followed by a number of their servants, 
disguised as peasants, monkeys, dogs, etc. This 
novel spectacle passed through Onoye-cho, Sakai- 
cho and Honcho-dori to the Customs compound. 

The Daimyo procession consisted of about 200 
men, among whom were many experienced spear- 
bearers and bearers of lacquered boxes. While 
they were marching through the streets the spear- 
bearers gave illustration of how the spears were 
delivered and received in feudal times. 

The small Daimyo procession formed of men 
from Yokkaichi, Ise province, wlio brought with 
them their own costumes, etc., attracted crowds of 
spectators. 

Whether the police were held in reserve at the 
various stations, to meet emergencies, is not 
stated; but the regulation of the traffic at night 
left much to be desired. At 7.30, when Benten- 
dori was a surging mass of people, not all so sober 
or so good-humoured as a Japanese crowd usually 
is, several rickshas forced their way through 
without interference. Indeed there was only one 
policeman in evidence in the whole length of 
that important, but narrow, thoroughfare, which 
was more densely crowded than any other street 
in the city. 

In Aioicho, the representatives of that street 
held a ceremony on the original site ot Sanomo, 
in front of the " detached deity " of the Iseyama 
Daijingu. After the rite, they paid a visit to 
the Daijingu and the Itsukushima shrine, where 
they made an offering of yen 4,000. 

The shishigashira procession was led by two 
coolies clad in white ceremonial dress and carrying 
a large drum. These were followed by senior 
geisha in tekomai costume. Then came Saruda- 
hiko, with two attendants holding up large 
branches of sakaki, and after these came a pair of 
large shishigashira, each weighing 8 kwamme. On 
the heads of the shishigashira, the two Chinese 
characters Bo Yeki (trade) were inscribed. About 
100 firemen came next, singing a kiyari song, 
and these were followed by a large number of the 
public in various disguises. 

The Tailors of Yokohama had a very creditable 
procession all to themselves. They were about 
a thousand strong, and were all clad in white 
coats and red trousers, each man carrying a 
small national flag and a lantern. In the front 
of each of the four divisions, a pair of Takahari 
lanterns were carried by two men. These were 
followed by the Commander and the band. 



A MEMORIAL NUMBER. 
A pleasant souvenir of the jubilee Celebration 
has been furnished by a local journal, the Japan 
Gazette in the shape of a special Semi-Centennial 
Number. This includes over 70 pages of letter 
press, filled for the most part with reminiscences 
of old residents, contributed by themselves, and 
enlivened with a number of photographic and 
other illustrations. Unfortunately for the interest 
of a large part of the contents, the reminiscences 
have to a considerable extent been given us 
before in the shape of papers at the local 
Literary Society, etc., but it is an advantage to 
have them collat«d in a convenient form. From 
the historical point of view the list of Foreign 
Consuls artd representative officials forms a 
valuable feature of the book — for such it might 
almost be called ; and the panoramic views of 
Yokohama in 1870 and at the present time are 
admirably executed. Altogether, this semi- 
centennial number forms an agreeable memento 
of a great occasion, and reflects great credit 
on the enterprise of our contemporary. 



The Russian tourists now in Tokyo visited the 
Yokohama Jubilee celebration on the evening of 



46 WWttSJpHflltBJBHIBBfiBftiapJ 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 10, 1909. 



July 2 and apparently greatly enjoyed the strange 
sights they witnessed. 

The visitors to Yokohama during the first three 
days of the Jubilee Celebration numbered about 
200,000. 

Up to July 2, 24,003 persons visited the Hist- 
orical Exhibition in the Customs Compound. 
The diplomatic documents that formed so in- 
teresting a feature of the Exhibition were 
taken every night to the Yokohama Specie Bank 
and deposited in the safe. 

On the second night of the Celebration, a 
large number of Naniwa-cho people formed a 
Hyakusho Gyoretsu, or Farmers' Procession. 
They presented a very striking appearance in 
their straw rain-coats and broad-brimmed hats. 

On July 4, a policeman who was on duty at 
Isezakicho-dori knocked down a number of in- 
nocent passers-by in his-ill-jndged efforts to keep 
the traffic under control. Several of the people 
thus roughly used were injured. 

Owing to continuous rain on July 5, the only 
places where any indications of the Jubilee 
could be seen were the buildings devoted to 
theatrical and cinematograph performances. 

The following contributions have been added 
to the fund for the Memorial Hall : — 

Yen. 

The Mitsui Busan Kaisha, Yokohama Branch 5,000 

Mr. Matsushita Kujiro 1,000 

„ Tanaka Shigeru i.oco 

„ Sato Masagoro i.oco 

,, Yoshida Toyokichj 1,000 

,, Watanabe Sad»j'ro 1,000 

„ Hara Rokuro 1,000 

,, Nomina Yozo 1,000 

Shiohara Mataraku 50) 

,, Torii Tokubei 500 

Messrs. Chikae Goshi Kaisha 500 

Mr. Tonioda Kahei 500 

Messrs Kuwabara Shoten 500 

Mr. Oseki Sadajiro 5"oo 

,, Shimohara Yoshio 100 

Messis. Imai Shoten ico 

Mr. Hayashi Kenji 100 

„ Hodota Takichi 100 

Miyashita Kinjiro ico 

The Tosa Paper Factory, Yokohama Branch.. 100 

Mr. Tanaka Tomejiro 100 

,, Tal<ahashi Yasomatsu J 00 

,, Fukuda Seitaro ico 

,, Sato Tanosuke ico 

„ Ishikawa Taketaro 100 

„ Satsuma Jihei 100 

„ Ikegami Eijiro 50 

„ Kakimuta Kyuzo 50 

The sum-total \syen 21-3,700. 



ACADEMIC CLIQUISH AND EXCLUS1VENESS 
IN JAPANESE ObHCIALDOM. 



A long article on the above subject appears in 
the June number of the Taiyd written by Mr. 
Yamaji Aizan, which contains much useful inform- 
ation on the ways of Japanese officialdom. It 
is true to say that in some Departments Japan's 
official stage is supplied with actors almost ex- 
clusively by the Imperial Universities. From 
the point of view of the University professors and 
the graduate this is no doubt highly gratifying. 
These two institutions are engaged in the work 
of manufacturing statesmen. That the men they 
produce taken as a body are superior to those 
educated elsewhere seems to be the general opinion 
among Japanese publicists. The High Schools 
are undoubtedly attended by most of the finest 
students Japan possesses and these men pass from 
the HighSchoolsto tlie Universities, where for three 
or four years the/ listen to the lectures of Japan's 
first class experts on special subjects. It is well 
known all over the country that official appoint- 
ments are invariably given to the brightest of the 
University graduates. This attracts talented 
students to the High Schools. The system now 
in operation for supplying the ranks of officialdom 
from the Imperial University began in 1 8S5. It 
was one of the reforms inaugurated by Prince Ito. 
Prior to that official sugar plums were given by 
men in power to their relations and Iriends, with- 
out regard to qualifications. The result of this 
was that the public otlices were full of thoroughly 
incompetent men, many of whom administered af- 
fairs in a imst perfunctory or careless manner. 
They were without education, lacking in intellig- 



ence and with no ambition to improve themselves. 
They were no better, Mr. Yamaji tells us, than the 
quacks with which the country abounded at that 
time. When Prince Ito insisted on the possession 
of certain fixed qualifi nations in every official, 
when they all had to be educated up to a given 
standard, he rendered merit supreme and stamped 
out favouritism of every kind. But the practice 
of confining official appointments to graduates of 
the To tyo Imperial University has been stoutly 
opposed by certain Statesmen from time to time 
on the ground that thoroughly competent men who 
have graduated elsewhere are available and that 
it is unfair to leave them out in the cold. So it 
happened 13 years ago that when the Matsukata 
— Okuma Cabinet was formed it was resolved to 
throw open officialdom to the general public to 
a certain extent. Two years later a Political 
Party Ministry came into power and they at once 
set to woik to carry out the new policy. The 
members of political parties were given official 
posts in various offices in Sti'e Depar'ments and 
the provinces. There were people who welcomed 
the change as calculated to impart new life to the 
official world. But more discerning people 
regarded the new experiment with extreme mis- 
giving. To them it seemed that to allow official- 
dom to be dominated by party politics meant 
endless changes of officials every time a Party 
went out of power. This actually took place even 
in the Department of Justice. The abuse; connect- 
ed with the new system of official appointments 
were so numerous that a strong reaction set in 
against it, resiil'ing in the issue of two Ordinances 
entitled Kwatii iNinyorei and KwdnriB tinge nrei, 
which rendered the trespassing on official 
domains of poorly qualified office seekers next to 
impossible. This step practical iy amounted to 
reversion to Prince Ito's method of selecting 
officials. Though it is an improvement on 
allowing appointments to depend on the personal 
feelings of the men in power or on political party 
considerations, it can not be said to reac.i the 
highest ideal, as it is absurd to suppose that the 
Universities are the only places where the facul- 
ties that go to make efficient administrators can 
be developed. The official world to-day is too 
full of one type of men. The University 
education does not allow of wide diversity 
in the character and accomplishments of the 
graduates. Men educated elsewhere are better 
fitted for certain Government posts than the 
graduates of the two Imperial Universities. 
So that some relaxation of the stringent rules 
observed in the choice of officials seems to be 
called for. But the feeling in high quarters 
against granting liberty to high officials to make 
their own choice of employees seems to be very 
strong. If this were done, things would gradually- 
work back to the state they were in prior 10 18S5, 
say those who are in the best position to know. 
But there are other ways of throwing open Go- 
vernment service to the general pablic. Some 
Departments have tried the holding of examina- 
tions for outside applicants for office with 
results that are considered highly satisfactory. 
Having given a general account of the way 
in which officials are chosen in Japan Mr. 
Yamaji proceeds to deal with every State Depart- 
ment separately, and here is the substance of his 
review of the situation of affairs in all the public 
offices. 

I. The Home Department. — In this office the 
University graduates control everything. No 
Minister can do anything against them. This 
Mr. Hara Kei, an extremely capable admini- 
strator, discovered soon after his appointment by 
Marquis Saionj'. Instead cf the Minister using 
the under officials to carry out his policy, the 
under officials of this Department employ the 
Minister to further their plans. The officials who 
do not hail from one of the Imperial Universities 
are few in number and utterly powerless to exercise 
control over the administration of affairs. The 
influence of the University graduates, is extend- 
ing to the provinces, where the new Prefects are 
found to be University men. Outsiders are gradu- 
ally being weeded out all over the country. They 
are described as in a helpless predicament (A"<yi> 
rakujitsu wo sasaeru notni.) The Home I\'part- 
ment is practically solely in the hands of Univer- 
sity men. It is true that the head of the Police 



Bureau in the Home Office, Mr. Arimatsu, is not 
a University man, but a graduate of the Doitsu 
Kyokai Gakko, who was appointed to his present 
post by Baron Hirata. But h s actions are largely 
controlled by the University official?. Oneofthe 
most powerful men in the Home Office is the 
jurist, Dr. R. Mizuno. Few appointments are made 
without consulting him. In many ways he wields 
more power than any Minister has ever enjoyed. 
When the late Count Kodama was acting as 
minister of the Home Department for a short 
time, he expressed his astonishment at the power 
of the University men, remarking tltat " in that 
Department for the first time he had seen 
officers win seemed to be real officers." The 
year 1895 was rendered memorable in the annals 
of the Tokyo Imperial University by the number 
of talented men who graduated in that year. Most 
of these graduates subsequently found their way to 
the Home Office. It is hardly necessary to point 
out that despite certain benefits derived from the 
pre-eminence of the University graduates in this 
Department, it is attended with serious abuses. 
The Party uses its power arbitrarily. Graduates 
of private schools who enter the Department are 
not promoted as rapidly as their talents desene, 
if they are promoted at all ; while University 
graduates are often placed in high positions with 
a total d sregard to qualifications for the posts 
filled. Many young men who have nothing more 
than the theoretical knowledge gained from 
books, who are ignorant of the world and quite 
unfit to hold high responsible positions, are pro- 
moted solely on account of the college degrees 
they hold. The academic cliquism which is so 
powerful in this Department is in many respects 
the enemy of business efficiency. Academic train- 
ing is not of itself an adequate preparation for the 
administration of affairs. Students fresh from 
college are in their knowledge of the world mere 
children. However great their talents, years of 
practice alone can qualify them to control the 
business of Sta'e Department or Provincial Offices. 
As things are to-day in the Home Department a 
University education stands for more than long 
experience in the performance of official work. 
The consequences are of course bad. Much of the 
mal-administration complained of throughout the 
countiy is tobe traced to this source. If theUniver- 
sity faction that now controls the Department wish 
to retain the powerthey now possess, they will have 
to give up their excessive cliquism, their habit of 
clubbing together against outsiders (^[pjf^ S, 
Tod'o batsui) ; their reluctance to app eciate the 
fine qualities of the men who have entered the 
Depattment without graduating at either of the 
Imperial Universities. 

II. The Foreign Office. There is quite as much 
cliquism in the Foreign as in the Home Depart- 
ment. But it is of a different kin i. The Uni- 
versity Graduates, though very powerful, do not 
occupy such a prominent position in this Office 
as they do in the Home Office. There is a party 
of diplomats in the Office wh6 have inherited the 
traditions of the officials who founded the Depart- 
ment. They strongly object to the entrance of out- 
siders, and consequently the tenure of positions in 
the Department by outsiders has always been short. 
Messrs. Oishi Masami, Hoshi T6ru, Yano Fumio, 
and Inagaki Manjird are cases in point.* There 
is one man in the Foreign Office who is a graduate 
of a private school, the Aoyama Gakuin, if we 
are not mistaken, Mr. Honda Kumalaro, who 
occupies a high office in the Department. He 
passed the Civil Service Examination {Bunkwan 
Shiken) some years ago. His promotion has 
been by no means rapid. His influence is great 
to day owing to the fact that he enjoys the con- 
fidence of the present Foreign Minister. The 
preference of the Department for University 
Graduates is very marked and it is no easy thing 
for outsiders to enter it. 

III. The Deparimtnl of Finance. This Office 
differs essentially from the Home Office, in that 
it holds mere academic knowledge in light esteem 
compared with practical knowledge. It has always 
made a point of training its junior officials very 
carefully and of promoting them solely on the 
ground of efficiency. It has none of the strong 

* They are described as tabigatasu, travelling 
ctows by Mr. Yamaji. 



July io, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



cliquism of the two Departments named above, i of the Department of Education and therefore 
It prides itself on the efficiency of its officials and : ought to be subordinate to the head of the house 



this efficiency has been recognizee] throughout 
officialdom so that it is said that officials ranking 
only as Sonin belonging to the Finance Depart- 



as the Kojulo is in all 
families, but in reality 
brother-in-law. There 



well appointed Japanese 
the family is run by the 
was a time when what is 



meDt are no whit inferior ,to the Chokunin of , known as the Akamon (Red Gate) influence was 
other Departments. This Office has a way of hold- i to a certain extent neutralized by the power of 
ing on to its employees and it encourages officers j 
to work hard for promotion. Baron Sakatani began : 



his career in the Department as a petty officer and 
worked himself up to the top of the tree. There 
are two other officials in the Department, Messrs. 
Wakatsuki and Mizunnchi, who may yet follow 
in the footsteps of Baron Sakatani. The Depart- 
ment of Finance is conducted in a most business- 
like fashion and is at present free from many of 
the abuses that characterize Japanese Officialdom. 
The great aim of the Department is to train and 
to make full use of experts only. Against out- 
siders it has no strong prejudices because they 
are outsiders, but it doubts the advisability of 
entrusting positions of responsibility to compara- 
tive novices at the woik of the Department from 
whatever quarter they may come. But it is reported 
that even in this Department the influence of the 
University men is rapidly growing, £o that it is 
to be feared this office will net escape from the 
evil consequences of the narrow-minded ex- 
clusiveness which prevails to a greater or less 
extent in all the Departments. 

IV. 2he Depaiiinenl of Communications. — In no 
Department of State until quite recently have high 
officials had such difficult positions to occupy as in 
this Office. For many years the Railway Engineers 
connected with this Department formed a kind of 
Imperiuin in Imperio and insisted on having; 
everything their own way. Their arbitrariness 
and exclusiveness knew no bounds, the whole 
Department was controlled by them. They all 
hailed from the Shimbashi Railway Bureau. 
'J "hey were in man}' ways a rough set (JDokala 
kislntsu moshikuba shokunin kishiisu io shd 
subeki isshu no haigwai-ieki kishitsii) who 
showed a united front to outsiders. The Rail- 
way Bureau has now been severed from the De- 
partment of Communications, but the Department 
is still largely subject to the control of its engi- 
neers. The present Vice-Minister, Mr. Nakano- 
koji Ren, however, wields considerable power in 
the Department and is a very capable all-round 
man {kudu mo hatclib, te mo hate ho no hi to). He 
belongs to no clique of any kind and yet has held 
the position of Vice-Minister since the beginning 
of 1906. 

V. The Department of Agriculture and Com- 
merce. — This Department is remarkably free 
from the dominance of any one set of officials 
One of the reasons of this is the constant 
changes that take place in the Office. Old 
officers are comparatively rare and are never 
absolutely sure of being retained. The new 
men of course know nothing of the affairs of the 
Department and so it follows that the Office is 
largely run by subordinate officials {iwayuru 
hanninkwan Seiji). This is certainly to be 
deprecated. In this Department with each change 
of Ministers the heads of Bureaux and of Sections 
or Sub-bureaux (g^, kwa) have hitherto been 
changed. This practice is a great obstacle to 
efficient administration. Notwithstanding all 
the abuses that are the result of its prevailing 
academic cliquism, the business of the Home 
Office is carried on batter than that of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture and Commerce, owiDg to the 
presence of veteran officials who are acquainted 
with the past history of the Department. There are 
in the Home Office men like Mr. Otani, the Head 
of the Accounts Sub-Department, who has held 
office for more than 20 years and witnessed end- 
less changes in the organization of the Depart- 
ment without suffering in any way therefrom. 

VI. The Department of Education. — None of 
the Departments is so entirely subject to the in- 
fluence of the Tokyo Imperial University as this 
one. Among all the Ministers that have tried to 
break loose from University trammels, Viscount 
Mori Arinori was the only one who succeeded in 
doing so. During his short tenure of Office the 
Mombusho was independent. Since then Minister 
after Minister has struggled in vain against the 
University clique within the: Department. In 
name the University is only the brother-in-law 



' the graduates of the High Normal School known 
as the Mei kei-ha in educational circles, but to- 
day this latter party has no voice in the teltle- 
menr. of affairs. Within the Department of 
Education the University faction is supreme. 
Mr. Kubota resigned because his scheme of 
educational reform did not please the University. 
Mr. Makino was clever enough to perceive that 
his only chance of success was in avoiding a 
conflict with the University, so he tried h s best 
to humour the academic clique in every way 
possible. Among the University graduates who 
in recent years have wielded enormous power in 
the Department Mr. Sawayanagi and Dr. Uyeda 
Mannen are the chief. 



J the Canadian Government in reference to the 
j commercial morality of Japanese merchants. Some 
of the members appeared to be in favour of 
'sending a counter memorial; others thought a 
' formal declaration from the Kobe offenders, deny- 
ing the intention of any reflection on Japanese 
merchants, would be sufficient. But as the Kobe 
memorial to the Canadian Government was freely 
circulated in the Canadian press, it seems natural 
that an offset to its alleged objectionable portions 
should find a circulation equally public. The 
fairest way out of the difficulty might be for the 
Kobe Foreign Board of Trade to send a formal 
letter to the Canadian Government and the press 
denying any intention of reflecting on the Japanese, 
and giving the Canadian public an open assurance 
that the Japanese merchant was to be considered 
fully as reliable as the foreign. Presumably Kobe 
would not wish to include itself in the category 
of those who neither give nor accept apology. 
Injustice to the circumstances one might ask what 
the Kobe Foreign Board of Trade would do, had 



Both of them are qualified to become Ministers a similar memorial been sent by the Japanes 



and may yet be appointed. Mr. Sawayanagi is out 
of office and out of health at present, but his 
retirement is considered to be only temporary. 

It will be seen from the above how very power- 
ful are the academic cliques in all the Departments. 
If they continue to dominate the whole official 
world, it is quite certain that sooner or later the 
graduates of the principal private schools will 
combine against them. There is a Chinese pro- 
verb which says " Humility conduces to profit." 
It would be wise for the University clique to lessen 
the pressure they bring to bear on officialdom 
before they provoke overwhelming opposition. 

WD. 



KOBE NOTES 



The columns of the Kobe foreign press have 
recently been burdened with correspondence and 
editorial comment on the subject of road mending. 
Some of our citizens appear to have taken to heart 
an impression that the Japanese do not understand 
how to make roads If so, it is certainly not for 
want of advice. The point of complaint is that 
after the foreigners have undertaken to disabuse 
the minds of the municipal authorities on 
this subject, the streets continue to be 
made in the same old way. The morning 
editor is deeply concerned over the fact 
that, not only are the Kobe streets repair- 
ed contrary to his advice, but the authorities 
have caused to be constructed a fire-bell tower 
protruding on the street, contrary to his con- 
victions on this important subject. By actual 
measurement with his own hand he fuids it 
occupies a third of the width of the highway. 
The fact is overlooked, however, that the fire- 
warning structure tried to locate in two other 
places in the vicinity and was moved on the 
protest of citizens, who objected to such close 
protection. And, moreover, there is. some room 
for doubt as to whether after all the Japanese 
method of street-repairing is not the most appro- 
priate to the circumstances. The street running at 
right angles toSar.nomiya road, just below the new 
five-bell tower, is as fine a one as is to be found 
anywhere; yet it was made in the same way that 
is now being complained of in the case of Sanco- 
miya road. The most unreasonable of all com- 
plaints is that against a road being in a 
semi-impassible condition during the process of 
repair. It is doubtless hard on the noble youths 
who work with exertion to walk up the hill after 
their duties are faithfully performed, but it cannot 
be helped. It is certainly remarkable that 
the Japanese should be expected to take 
account of this sort of remonstrance. One 
wonders what would happen if the Japanese 
in San Francisco undertook to dictate to the city 
officials as to the proper way for Americans to 
mend streets. Dangerous holes or obstructions in 
the streets are a reasonable ground of criticism j 
but methods, and the science of street making, 
had better be left to the proper authorities. 

At the last meeting of the Kobe Chamber of 
Commerce there was another heated discussion 
over the action to be taken on the " memorial " 
which the Kobe Foreign Board of Trade sent to 



Chamber of Commerce to the Canadians about 
foreign merchants in Japan. Whatever action 
the hypothesis suggests as just and proper, would 
be all the mere in order in a case where the 
offenders are the guests of those offended. On 
the whole the Japanese have shown a most ad- 
mirable spirit. Instead of denouncing those who 
were alleged to have reflected on them, and 
driving them out of the community, after the 
manner of some, the members of the Japanese 
Chamber of Commerce have simply tried to 
put the matter right with fairness to all concern- 
ed, attributing the objectionable language of 
the " Memorial " to awkwardness of composi- 
tion rather than to wilful intent to injure. A 
public admission of this view of the incident 
on the part of the foreigners is all that many of 
the Japanese appear now to require. But we had 
thought that a letter published by the Kobe 
Foreign Board of Trade some time ago, was 
tantamount to this. Perhaps the Kobe Chamber 
of Commerce only wants a more formal statement. 

" Omega." 



SERIOUS LOSS 10 NAGASAKI. 



Announcing the discontinuance of the call 
of U.S. Army Transports at Nagasaki, where they 
have hitherto coaled, the Nagasaki Press writes 
as follows. — "According to information just re- 
ceived from an authoritative source, the monthly 
influx of American dollars into Nagasaki, via the 
United States Transports, has been cut off by a 
new arrangement being instituted whereby the 
transports will in future obtain their coal at Miikc 
and will not call at Nagasaki. The Dix, we 
understand, will inaugurate the new system, 
coaling at the new station on her next trip 
through these waters, in August, and, although it 
is not definitely fixed, it may be regarded as a 
certainty that her successors will likewise follow 
her example. 

" This, upon consideration, is a very serious blow 
to this port and will divert the many thousands — 
nay, millions — of American dollars that have 
hitherto been flowing into the tills in Nagasaki, to 
the little port to the south of us, but which may be 
able to appreciate, it as well, if not better, than 
Nagasaki. It wi| ten l to develop the new port 
and may be looked upon as a windfall in that 
direction. 

" There is one benefit and, we think, the only 
one, to be derived from the change, viz : a 
clearance of the many Creek-side " dives " and 
their undesirable connections from this port. An 
eyesore and living stigma on the Japanese and 
foreign community alike, they have looked 
to the periodical call of the transports for their 
existence in the past. We would suggest that 
the authorities in Miike start with a clean sheet, 
and keep it clean, putting their foot down upon 
all attempts to build up a disreputable standard 
on the lines existing in Nagasaki. 

" We learn, also, that the Mitsui Bussan Kaisha 
has obtained a contract for the supply of 60,000 
tons of coal to the American troops in Manila 
during the fiscal year commencing July 1st." 



48 nm^^n^Bw^mmmm^ 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 10, 1909. 



OUR ST. PETERSBURG LETTER. 

St. Petersburg, June 15, 1900. | 
Special Interview with M. Nicholas Khomiakov, 
President of the Duma : — i 
M. Khomiakov has passed thirty-five years of 
life in the public service and had attained the rank 
entitling him to be addressed as "His Ex-i 
cellency " before the Duma came into being, but 
lie prefers now as ever, to be known as the 
" Squire of Lipetsk," his charming estate in the 
Province of Smolensk. To the Russian ear the 
name Khomiakov has much the same ring as the 
historic surnames Cecil, Harcourt, Vemey, 
Neville to the Englishman, and for the same 
reasons, service through many generations to the 
sovereign of their country. In the last generation 
a Khomiakov, after the usual period of military 
service in which he won high rank during the 
wars in which he took part, developed a poetic 
genius that added a new lustre to the name and 
enriched Russian literature with some of the 
greatest productions of their kind. From this 
Khomiakov, his father, the President of the third 
Duma, doubtless derives his happy gift of ex- 
pression, which in his native language may be 
best described as ' racy of the soil,' but is not 
lost in any other of the three European languages, 
all of which H. Khomiakov, like most of the best 
" nobles " of Russia, speakes familiarly. Unlike 
too many of his equals is M. Khomiakov in 
another respect : he has the instincts of the landed 
proprietor as we understand them in England ; 
by choice he lives on his estate and administers 
it with an intimate knowledge of all details that 
is unfortunately by no means so common among 
the " nobles " of Russia as in the same class 
elsewhere in the world. Whether as head of a 
department of the Government or latterly, as 
President of Russia's first successful experiment 
in parliaments, M. Khomiakov's heart is with the 
lands he holds in trust from his forefathers, and 
has never yearned for the commoner ambitions of 
his class, distinctions at the Imperial Court and 
the interminable antechambering idle life such 
ambitions involve, to the ruin of the class which 
should be the backbone of every well-regulated 
kingdom. Yet the President of the Duma, or 
rather M. Khomiakov as President of the Duma, 
is unmistakably very high in favour with his 
Sovereign. There is as yet no established 
etiquette regulating the relations of the Sovereign 
and the Presidents of the legislative Chambers, but 
M. Khomiakov has secured, thanks to his personal 
charm, the prestige of many precedents : whenever 
it seems good to the President of the Duma to 
report progress to the Emperor of All the Russias, 
he requests an audience, and it is granted with a 
celerity that is eloquent of much in a land where 
the sovere'gn is hedged round with innumerable 
walls of Byzantine etiquette. And the audience 
is always a prolonged one, only once, I be- 
lieve, under the hour, and of late generally much 
longer. In this transition period between the 
old regime and the new the Emperor of Russi , 
one of the most conscientious of sovereigns in his 
fulfilment of his duties, is a sadly overdriven man, 
yet he finds time to hold M. Khomiakov in con- 
verse for as much as an hour and a half at a 
time, at intervals which are becoming shorter and 
shorter as the Duma progresses on its hopeful 
way. 

To my request to give the readers of the RN. 
a little statement of the position now attained in 
Russia by constitutional ideas and practice, M. 
Khomiakov responded as follows : — 

"The Duma is sometimes a little misunderstood 
in countries where constitutional rule has become 
the habit of generations and centuries, Jf'e are 
not the Government of Russia. The idea of ruling 
by the votes of the people's representatives, though 
it partially existed in Russia in early times, has 
been in abeyance for many centuries. Therefore 
the Duma, before it can fulfil the task that is set 
before it, has much to do in training the nation. 
I believe the Duma is doing its most useful work at 
the present moment in educating, training, the 
nation, — and the nation, in our case, is a very 
complex entity indeed. If you would seek a fair 
parallel to the true meaning of ' All the Ru-sias ' 
I do not know that you could find it anywhere in 
the world outside your own Empire. If you can 



imagine an English Duma representing, more or 
less fully, all the races over whom the flag of 
England flies, you would Mill have to add to tl at 
idea, in order properly to appreciate some of the 
difficulties we have to deal with, the important fact 
that not a boy or girl in their teens, to say nothing 
of adults, has ever lived under or known any other 
form of government than that of absolute power 
delegated in an endless chain from the throne to 
the village elder. We have therefore first and 
foremost to educate the nation. The third Duma 
is constantly taunted With truckling to authority : 
that is quite a wrong view of what is being done. 
The shortlived predecessors of the third Duma also 
set out to educate the nation, but they began at 
the wrong end, with results that did not make for 
that stability which must he the end and aim of 
all good government. We have set before us 
another task, and I am satisfied that we are 
successfully accomplishing it. We have continued 
to exist for over eighteen months, and the Govern- 
ment of Russia, which is quite outside the Duma, 
is growing accustomed to us, has found it possible 
to work with us, to admit us to deeper and 
deeper insight into the complicated machinery 
of a government that has existed for centuries 
and must necessarily accommodate itself slowly 
to an altogether new set of conditions. There 
is something always very fascinating to a mob 
in the absolute power ot autocracy and it is per- 
haps more difficult for Russians than for other 
nations to understand why the Emperor does 
not ' with a stroke of the pen ' abolish this 
or that, establish that and the other — in the 
good old way. But that way is not the way 
of constitutionalism, which is very slow and not 
at all showy in its processes. We have not made 
all the Russian blacks white in a couple of 
se-sions, and if we had succeeded in doing so no- 
thing is more certain than that every white would 
very soon become a black again ! 

I think the progress we have made in the last 
session is satisfactory. I do not mean that the Duma 
has suddenly set right a great many of the wrongs 
that aie always so easy to find in any country ; 
we have not the power to do that. But our 
debates have very frankly, perhaps too frankly, 
disclo ed the existence of things which should 
not exist in a well-regulated community, and all 
men are thinking over what has been said. 
That, I take it, is the true essence of con- 
stitutional government, after all. It is having its 
effect in a marked way already. I do not know 
whether you have noticed the change of tone 
that has come over the extreme Rights, the 
party that I once called the "revolutionaries 
of the R ; ght " (i.e. the Black Gang). I am inclined 
to date the change from the moment when the 
Emperor granted an audience to one of their 
leading members. Since that time they have 
undergone a certain evolution, and are interested 
in such questions as economic improvement of 
the nation, where formerly they busied themselves 
with the superfluous task of defending the 
autocracy in the name of the Emperor and in 
defiance, actually, of the expressed wishes of His 
Majesty. They are now subsiding into a much 
more useful sphere of activity and there is much 
promise in that change. 

I am perfectly satisfied mysell that the Emperor 
is entirely in favour of our Constitution. I can- 
not, of course, tell you what His Majesty has 
said to me on the subject, but I think yen must 
see, everyone must see, that the Head of the 
State in Russia, in all that concerns his own 
actions, is a constitutional monarch. It remains 
for us to slowly and surely build up to the 
example set us by the Emperor. Men's natures 
are not changed by a 'stroke of the pen,' and 
our chief task is to develop constitutional ideas 
in natures that have never known anything else 
in practice but the principles of absolutism. It 
takes time, but it will not take us centuries, nor 1 
even, I believe, generations, tor we are a people 1 
readily receptive of new ideas. The dinger is 
lest we go too fast and fail to retain sufficient 
hold upon what we win. Meantime the govern- 
ment of Russia must go on, the daily needs must 
be met in the old ways, wherever the process of 
development that we are promoting has not j 
yet gone far enough to ensure due compliance ^ 
with the methods of the new ideas. Remember 



again that the Duma represents as many 
nationalities as are to be found within your own 
wide Empire; even our newspapers appear in 
forty odd different languages, and only our 
children under five years of age are beginning life 
in the new way, the rest of us, and especially all 
(hose who have been engaged all their lives in one 
or other branch of the government of Russia, of 
All the Russias, must come to the best compromise 
we can with our habits of thought and action, 
moving slowly and cautiously that we may avoid a 
new upheaval. It is not volcanic action that gives 
the power to move our steam enginjs, nor do 
sudden changes in the State make for real progress. 
We want, and I believe we are already beginning 
to get, the slow monotonous action of day.ight 
everywhere to store up for us the energy that shall 
make our progress lasting." 

St. Petersburg, June 17, 1009. 

The Duma stands prorogued by Imperial ukase 
to the tenth day of October, O.S. (Oct. 23), 1909. 

Eleven members of the Duma and the Upper 
House leave St. Petersburg together to morrow 
direct for London, where they will be joined by 
others who have already left, making up the total 
number of Russian visitors of distinction to Eng- 
land to eighteen. Their number should have 
been twenty, that having been thought here suffi- 
cient to adequately represent the soundest opinions 
now prevalent in Russia and not over burden the 
generous hospitality of England on this first visit of 
its kind. Several intending visitors, however, have 
been prevented at the last moment from joining 
the party by domestic bereavements or sckness. 
The name of heaviest calibre is that of Prince 
Peter Trubetsky, the head of the great Trubetsky 
family that has played so important a part in Rus- 
s an history for hundreds of years past. The 
Prince has been abroad for some little time, 
whither a fear that some little affection of the 
throat might be cancer took him in haste on 
the mistaken diagnosis of the Russian doctors. 
His younger brother, the late Prince Sergius Tru- 
betsky, was the first elected Rector of a Russian 
University, that of Moscow, the oldest in the Em- 
pire. Another brother, Prince Eugene, promises to 
fill the place left vacant by the sudden death of 
Prince Sergius, while a third brother, Prince Gre- 
gory, is a well-known diplomat who is expected 
to return to office as Russian representative in one 
of the Balkan States. In 1825 a Trubetsky was 
at the head of the " Decembrists," who in those 
early days attempted to secure a Constitution for 
Russia. He, and many another of the ancient 
nobility of Russia, was sent to the mines in 
Siberia, the less noble conspirators being prompt- 
ly executed. 'I he story of the Princess Tru- 
betsky who followed her husband and shared 
his exile, is one of the most pathetic in Russia's 
troubled history. Prince Peter Trubetsky is 
the leader of the Centre in the Upper House. 

Another member of the Upper House, M. 
Michael Stakhovich, made his name ring round 
all Russia a few years ago when, as Marshal of 
the Nobility for the Province of Orel, he dared to 
speak out what all decent Russians thought about 
the tyrannical methods of the Orthodox Church 
in enforcing their old-world rights and persecut- 
ing cruelly all sectaries whom the ancient laws 
delivered into their hands. He is a leading 
speaker in the Upper House in the cause of 
reform. 

Of the members of the Duma, the most in- 
teresting personality is that of the President, M. 
Khomiakov, son of the poet and godson of the 
" Russian Dickens," Gogol. After the remarkable 
utterances with which M. Khomiakov kindly 
favoured the RN. in its last number, his main 
characteristics will be sufficiently known to our 
readers. The President will be accompanied by, 
I believe, his younger daughter, and both of them 
s]>eak English with perfect familiarity. M. 
Guchkov is the leader of the predoir naling party 
in the Duma, the Octobrists, whose policy is to 
accustom the real rulers of Russia to working hand 
in hand with a constitutional assembly until such 
time as all feu of a reactionary upheaval shall 
have passed away. To this ]>olicy all minor 
objects are ruthlessly sacrificed. For those 
who fail to understand the real meaning of this 
necessary policy, it has the disadvantage of 



July 10, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



49 



quiet and unostentatious : everything was evidently 
ordered to look as little showy and as businesslike 
as possible — a happy augury. 

According to official figures of the summonses 
taken out in the past twelvemonth on the State 
railways against passengers travelling without 
ticket, it is shown that about 400 persons every 
day travel without ticket and are summoned for 
it. But how many more evade punifhmeut ? 



LOCAL CRICKET. 

On theafternoonof July 3 a well-contested match 
was played on the Recreation Ground between the 
Y.C. & AC. and an eleven composed of officers 
and men of the British cruiser Monmouth, result- 
ing in a victory for the former by 39 runs. Perhaps 
the most notable feature of the match was the ex- 
cellent cricket displayed by the Monmouth' s chap- 
lain, the Rev. W. H. Maundrell, who made the 
highest score for his side, 45, and took eight of 
the Yokohama wickets for 68 runs. 
The following is the full score : — 
Y. C. & A. C. 

N. Buckle, c. Mauley, b. Maundrell 26 

E L. Squire, c. Sargent, b. Maundrell 21 

L M. Wliyle, b. Bedwe.'l 1 

H. C. Gregory, b. Maundrell 1 

P. E. Boiufield, b. Maun Irell 55 

B. C. Foster, b. Maundrell 1 

A. J. Comes, b. Maundrell 37 

H. T. Hume, c. Hodder, b. Maundrell 6 

V. A. Hearne, not out 19 

VV. E Goocli, b. Bedwell 3 

A. Morris, b. Maundrell 3 

Extras 9 

Tola! 182 

Bowling Analysis. 





li. 


K. 


M. 


VV. 




.. ,, 66 


72 


2 


2 






68 


1 


8 




24 


21 


0 


0 






12 


0 


0 



appearing very often mere truckling to authority, 
and the political opponents of the Octobrists never 
cease to accuse them of " lackeying " the Govern- 
ment. But M. Guchkov calmly bides his time, 
perfectly content to " keep the Duma alive " and 
certain that time will do the rest in the quietest 
and best way. M. Guchkov is an "Old Be- 
liever " by faith, and a younger brother of his is 
the able Lord Mayor of Moscow, both being 
trained business men — bankers by profession. 
M. Maklakov is a Moscow barrister, an eloquent 
speaker either at the Bar or in the House, and 
gifted with a broad ccmmoii-sense that has made 
him stand slightly apart from the party he 
belongs to, the Constitutional Democrats or 
" Cadets " He has taken up the task begun and 
almost completed by the eminent jurist, and 
Presidert of the First Duma, Professor Muromtseg, 
of drafting the rules of procedure and other 
legulations of the Duma economy. Count 
Vladimir Bobrinsky, who was several years at 
school in Edinburgh, speaks English like an 
Englishman. He is the leader of tie Moderate 
Rights, and an eloquent speaker given to flights 
of dithyrambic oratory which has a rousing effect 
upon a great part of the Duma. M. Zvegintsev is 
another member to whom English is as familiar as 
his native language. Both the latter are large 
landed proprietors. M. Lerche is a specialist 
in finance. Prof. Miljukov is already well known 
outside Russia : he has long been the " brain " of 
the " Cadets," but is thought by many to have 
led them too far to the " left " (i.e., towards un- 
constitutional methods of gaining ends), forgetting 
that Russia is not sufficiently advanced in general 
knowledge to keep pace with his ideas which are 
based upon a sound scholarship and wide readme. 
The representative of the Poles in the Duma is M 
de Montville, while the Mussulmans are sending 
M. Maksudov. 

The importance cf this visit cannot be ov r- 
estimated. It is being ta><en with the full 
? pproval of the Emperor of Russia and of the 
Russian Foreign Office Politics will be carefully 
barred, but it is feared that the restriction in this 
respect nuy not be equally observed by all the 
members in free-spoken England. " Economic 
interests " are supposed to be the nearest ap- 
proach to public affairs that t\ e n embers consider 
themselves free to talk about in England, but the 
main outcome of the v sit. will doubtless be 
that phase of emotion known as a " union of 
hearts," for which the Russian members c me 
fully predisposed. And behind these eighteen 
Russian representatives are scores, probably over 
a hundred, similarly minded members who for 
various reasons are unable toimdertake the journey 
to England, especially at the close of a long and 
arduous session. Be* ind the hundred in the two 
Houses it is safe to say that myriads of Russians 
outside the two Houses look with eyes of respectful 
affection to the ancient institutions of Old England, 
and regard our country as the model for their own 
future progress in political liberties. 

There are now over a hundred cholera patients 
in hospital in St. Petersburg and the number of 
cases is rapidly increasing day by day. 

For the whole of this week the St. Petersburg 
tramways have been on strike, to the inexpressible 
inconvenience cf ah the inhabitants. The cause 
of the strike is the one familiar to tramway 
management all over the worl 1 and known as 
" split duty " : the men are required to do a spell 
of four hours "on," have then four hours "off," 
and again four hours " on " duty. Thus a man is 
practically employed twelve hours but ge s pay for 
only eight hours. The usual Russian methods of 
dealing with a strike are being sternly enforced. 
Some four thousand employees are concerned and 
most of these are being discharged : over a hundred 
are known to have been arrested by the police, and 
it is said the discharged hands will be refused 
passports and sent off " par etape " to their 
village homes. Meanwhile such trams as are 
running are driven by amateurs, students of 
technical schools, engine-fitters, even policemen in 
uniform hurriedly given some little instruction. 
The public is enraged with the municipality and 
the strikers are stubborn. The Secretary, for Japan and China, of the 

The keels of four Russian Dreadnoughts were International Reform Bureau. Rev. E. W. 
laid yesterday at two Government yards on the Thwing, arrived in Yokohama with his family on 
Neva. The ceremony, contrary to past usage, was the 5th. He comes from Hawaii, where 



" MONMOUTH." 

Cornish, c. and b. Foster 8 

Sargent, b. Goocli 13 

Lieut. Bedwell, c Bousfield. b. Gregoiy 22 

Rev. VV. H. Maundrell, b. Gregory 45 

Manley, b. Foster 1 5 

Tayloison, b. Squire 7 

Cluirclier, c. Goocli, b. Squire 13 

Mr. Phillips, l>. Foster o 

Mr. Hodder, c. and b. Squire 1 

Johnstone, b. Squ'ue o 

Mr. Cunningham, not out 1 

Ixlras 18 

Total 143 

Bowling analysis. 





B. 


R. 


M. 


VV. 




66 


22 


2 


1 




96 


44 


1 


3 






23 


0 


0 




38 


'7 


1 


3 




54 


19 


2 





YOKOHAMA. 



At 5.55 a.m. on July 3, a severe shock of 
earthquake was felt in Yokohama, the vibration 
being first horizontal and then vertical. It lasted 
for 4 minutes 54 seconds. Other slight shocks 
took place at 9.26 a.m. on July 3 and 6.13 a.m. 
on July 4. 

The contr-ct for the Yokohama city loan has 
been concluded, on the terms previously an- 
nounced. The Industrial Bank will offer the 
bonds in London to-day. 

On July 3, two new cases of plague were dis- 
covered ; one at Hanasaki-cho 7 -r. home and the 
other at Kasumi-cho i-chome. The former case 
has already ended fatally. The latter is under 
treatment at the Manchi Hospital. 



The 36th case of plague was discovered 
Ishikawa cho 5 chome on the 4th instan*. 



at 



he has taken active interest in the many Japanese 
at work on the Sugar planialions there. He wilt 
remain in Japan for a month or so, and then go 
on to China and take up work in Peking. 

On the night of the 3rd instant, when an 
electric car was slowly passing Takashima cho 
9-chome, a drunken man stepped on to the car 
and remained on the platform in spite of the 
conductor's warning. A few moments later he fell 
off, sustaining serious injuries. 

The health returns for Kanagawa prefecluie during 
the week ended July 1st aie as follows: — 



Yokohama — c 

New cases ... 

Died 

Other Districts — 

New cases ... 

Died 



d a 
4 



3 
1 — 

H 
3 
1 



#1 



o 

3 

bO 
J2 
O, 

4 



A sixteen-year old boy at Nishilobe-cho 
suddenly died from hydrophobia on July 6. 
During April last, he was bitten by a dog on his 
right foot. He received prompt medical atten- 
dance, and it was supposed that all danger of fatal 
results had passed. 

On July 7, a sampan sendo discovered a purse 
containing some 20 dollars in U.S. gold, which 
was left in his boat by one of the mates of the 
steamer China. The boatman gave it back to 
the owner, and was rewarded, but by no means 
too liberally. 

At 0.59 a.m. on July 8, a slight shock of earth- 
quake was felt in Yokohama. It lasted for 2 
minutes 32 seconds. 

On July 1, a case of typhus was discovered on 
board the coast defence ship Iki, and since then 
the epidemic has spread so rapidly that there are 
now some 50 of the crew suffering from the 
disease. 



LLOYD'S TWENTIETH CENTURY SERIES. 

JAPAN TO BE INCLUDED. 

As will be seen by a glance at our advertise- 
ment columns, the enterprising publishers of the 
well known "20th Century Series" of reference 
books, which has met with so flattering a 
reception in other parts of the world, have 
decided to add Japan to the list of their 
publications. An office has been opened in 
Yokohama and the necessary arrangements for the 
work on Japan are proceeding actively. The 
book, like its predecessors, will not be the work of 
any particular man, but will consist of contribu- 
tions from many distinguished writers. In the 
previously issued volumes, special articles on 
every subject of interest have been written by the 
highest authorities on the spot, and a similar plan 
is to be followed in Japan. The advantage 
of books compiled on this principle over books 
compiled by " birds of passage." globe-trotters, 
and the like — whose knowledge of p. country 
can at the best be only superficial — is too obvious 
to be insisted upon. The Company's previous 
publications on Western Australia, Natal, Orange 
RiverColony, Ceylon, British Malaya, Hongkong, 
Shanghai, China and Siam have been received as 
welcome additions to the works of reference on 
those countries. To all concerned in the trade, 
commerce, industries and life of any country 
thus exhaustively dealt with, they cannot 
fail to be of the deepest interest. These 
monumental works are copiously illustrated and 
are printed on fine art paper, so as to obtain the 
best results from the hundreds of photographic 
blocks used. 



LOCAL YA< HT1NG- 

The yachting on July 3 took place under 
highly favourable conditions. Four boats of the 
Mosquito Club sailed over the prescribed course, 
the Sunbeam coming in first, followed, two 
minutes later, by the Edna. Twelve larks 
started, No. 7 l eing the fiist in, No. 11 second, 
and Mo. 15 third. 



50 H»tt3i*HJ?ltt0!BH!I»«!«&8Z*l THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July io, 1909. 



WE CHINESE STUDENTS IN JAPAN AND 
THE WORK OF THE CHINESE YOUNG 
MtN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 



These are times of great movements in the 
Orient, and are also times of great opportunities. 
I am sure, writes the Secretary of the Chinese 
Y.M.C.A., that we all must be impressed with the 
national spirit manifested here in Japan, and also 
the growth of this national life and national self 
consciousness in the Chinese people and the 
Chinese Empire. China has changed more in the 
last five years perhaps than any other nation in 
the world has ever done in twenty-five years. 
Marvellous material changes are now taking place 
in China, such as only those who have been eye- 
witnesses can appreciate There are to-day 
about 5,000 miles of railway in China already 
completed and another 5,000 miles already pro- 
jected. The telegraph wires are forming a net- 
work throughout that great Empire. There ?re 
3,000 modern post offices throughout China, 
and others being opened at the rate of 
one a day. Modern factories are springing 
up all over the country. Great political, 
economic, social and educational agitations, 
changes and progress, which five years ago 
were almost unbelievable, are now taking place. 
At one stroke of the pen, the late Empress- 
Dowager put away for ever the ancient competi- 
tive examination system, which had its sway over 
China tor these thousands of years, and in its 
place have been substituted modern institutions of 
learning. There are literally scores of these 
modern institutions of learning being established 
in each province of China. China to-day has 
probably fifty millions of young people of school 
age. From this, it will be seen that she will soon 
become the greatest student nation of the world. 
She has always been a nation of students. All 
classes of people throughout China look to the 
students for leading and guidance, and this will be 
even more true of the modern student class of 
China. What has been herobject in setting up this 
system of modern education ? China is awaken- 
ing, in fict is awake, and it is that she wishes 
to learn the secret of the modern industrial, com- 
mercial, naval and military power of the West. 
All these are signs of genuine awakening, and I 
am sure we all welcome them, but with them 
come many dangers. Unless Christianity is 
pushed with great vigour throughout China at 
once and continued, we shall be confronted widi 
a flood-tide of materialism such as the world has 
never seen, and which we shall be unable to 
withstand. 

There will be reproduced in China during the 
next few years on a colossal scale what has laken 
place in Japan during the past quarter of a century. 
We see this awakening spirit manifested in 
a very striking way iu the large numbers 
of Chinese students who are going abroad for 
modern education and training. An increasing 
number of students ate being sent to different 
Western nations, but they have come to Japan by 
the thousands. Five years ago there were less than 
100 Chinese students in Japan, to-day there are 
more than 5.000 here. There has never been in 
the world's history such an emigration of students 
from one nation to another. These students 
have come here in order to 'earn the secret of 
Japan's progress and power. These thousands of 
Chinese students have broken away from their 
homes and environments, from the old traditions 
and customs and superstitions, and are here in 
great armies in the c entre of Tokyo, one of the 
greatest cities of the Orient. They are living 
amidst most dangerous conditions, tending both 
to extreme radicalism and also immorality. All 
the restraining ties and customs of the old 
homes are now severed. Here they are strangers 
in a strange land, speaking a foreign tongue. 
Their social intercourse with the Japanese is very 
limited. Moreover, the Japanese were not ready 
to leceive such a large number of students from 
another nation, and as a result many of the 
Chinese students have been housed in poor 
dormitories and anything but decent boarding 
houses. 

It was in the midst of this situation that the 
Voting Men's Christian Association of China was 



requested by all the Missions in China, and also 
by the Young Men's Christian Association of 
Japan, and by other leaders of China and Japan, 
to organize work in behalf of these thousands of 
Chinese students in Japan. The Christian force 
in Japan could not possibly undertake this work, 
as a knowledge of both Chinese language and 
customs was necessary. This work has now been 
carried on for almost three years One thousand 
missionaries of all denominations in China, at the 
great Centenary Conference in Shanghai year be- 
fore last, united in an appeal to the Young Men's 
Christian Association to organize and carry 
through a thorough, comprehensive and efficient 
campaign on behalf of these students in Japan, 
and they agreed to release such of their num- 
ber as needed to come over to Tokyo and 
work under the direction of the Young Men's 
Christian Association in behalf of these students. 
Various missions of China have released some of 
their best workers to co-operate in this work. In 
addition to these foreign helpers, there is a staff of 
Chinese, secretaries and teachers, making in all a 
total of more than twenty men. The educational 
classes taught by these Christian men have had a 
daily attendan~e of more than 200. Popular 
lectures are conducted on various subjects. There 
are provided reading rooms, class rooms, binaries, 
Bible class and social rooms in three different 
sections of the city. The workers come into per- 
sonal touch and contact daily with scores of these 
leaders from every section of the Chinese, Near 
these 'centres are also athletic grounds for the 
benefit of these students. The work here has 
received the endorsement of both the Chinese and 
Japanese officials and leading educators. 

The tremendous importance of this work will 
be seen when we remember that, just as in Japan 
a few years ago, it is this first generation of Chin- 
ese students to receive a modern education who 
will be the men to hold the important positions 
in the new, reformed government throughout 
China, and who will also be the leading teachers 
and professors of the new system of education, 
and the men to hold the impoitant positions of 
trust and responsibility in the new life of the 
great Chinese Empire. As said above, there are 
to-day 5,000 Chinese students in Tokyo, repre- 
senting every proviuce of China. One) ear ago 
there were almost double this number. But 
while the number has decreased, the quality 
and standard of the students has remained 
almost stationary. There are many reasons for 
the decrease in numbers. Many who came to 
Tokyo at first were not real students, but came 
because it was popular to come to Japan. Others 
came for 'short lei mcou re"." Still otheis came 
for political purpos.s. Now very strict examina- 
tions are held both in China and Japan. Every 
student coming to Japan must first pa s these 
examinations. These restrictions have shut out 
the incompetent students. All "short term" 
schools have, therefore, disappeared. The Japan- 
ese government schools and the large private 
schools, like IVaseda University, will not now 
admit Chinese students unless they enroll for a 
term of four or moie years. This at once shows 
the stability of tie Chinese students BOW in Japan. 
The revolutionary class, so strong at one time, are 
now not ;o much in evidence. The Chinese stud- 
ents now here mean business. They have come 
to complete their courses and they are doing so. 
During the past y ar many honours in the vaiious 
schools have been won by the Chinese students. 
It is significant thrl most of these honours have 
been wi n by membeis and students of the Chinese 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

How long this army of 5.000 Chinese students 
will remain in Tokyo is difficult to say. There 
are many facts which indicate that they may 
remain I ere for a numl er of years yet. A few 
days ag) the Chinese Minister said the Chinese 
Government was :till supporting 21500 students 
here, and that (here iveic no indications or reasons 
for decreasing this number in the near future. 
The Chinese Imperial (lovernment itself has 
decided to send at least 200 new students to Japan 
each year lor the next five years. There weTe on 
September 1, 2.31)6 Chines? students in Tokyo at 
Government expense. This number has sum -what 
increased since that date. The following table of j 
statistics shows the numbers and the source of 



the support of both the Collegiate and Military 
students in Tokyo at Gove rnment expense : — 

Province. Collegiate. Military. Total. 

Fnngtien .: 78 45 123 

Kiiin 606 

Chihli » 97 2 99 

Kuingkin 146 34 180 

Kiangsu 18 o 18 

Anluiei 27 8 35 

Shantung 92 o 92 

Shausi 98 16 114 

Honan 59 24 83 

Shensi 36 7 43 

Fukien 89 4 93 

Chekiang 1 6 > 19 179 

KUngsi 207 o 207 

Hupeh 286 102 388 

Hupeli R.R. Co 40 o 40 

Hunan 2jo 63 ^13 

Scheclnian 85 9 94 

Kwang'ung 52 35 ft 87 

Kwaiigsi 27 o 27 

Yunnan 56 27 83 

Kweichow 36 o 36 

Peking 29 O 29 

Peking Univ 27 O 27 

Grand Totals 2001 395 2396 

In addition to the Government students there 
are about 2500 students studying in Tokyo at 
private expense. These private students also re- 
present every section of China, — North, South, 
East, West and Central. 

Our field is 5, coo young men away from home, 
hailing from every province of China. These 
men are alert, clever, enthusiastic, open minded 
and susceptible to any and all influences, good or 
bad. If we remember that every part of China 
is represented by these studens and that they are 
to return as leaders in th ir respective localities, 
it will be evident that to influence these men is 
to reach a larger constituency than they them- 
selves. One can readily see that the literati with 
the prestige learning gives them in the eyes of 
their fellow countrymen, and the superior posi- 
tion they have attained as educstors of the young, 
can and do guide opinion in their respective 
districts. In every sphere above the mere mate- 
rial the Chinese scholar is King in his own com- 
munity. Many of these students in Tokyo are 
sons of landed gentry, a class very poweiful for 
good or evil in their native places. Others are sons 
of officials and merchants and members of the li e- 
rati. About one half of the 5,000 Chinese students 
of Tokyo, as shown above, are supported by the 
provincial governments, and are selected by com- 
petitive examinations. Some are sent by city or 
village guilds. Others are supported by groups of 
friends, lelatives or parents. The position of each 
is gained either by family influence or by ti e 
conipeti ive test. Every one, therefore, is a 
picked man, selected on account of ability or 
social influence. 

The homes in China, however, from which 
these Students are drawn are not easily accessible 
to ordinary Missionary influence As a rule these 
families are too proud and exclusive to associate 
with the Missionary or his Converts, Hence 
they know but little about essential Christianity 
What little some of them do know is inadequate 
to give l hem appreciative views of Christ an 
values. The rankest prejudice characterizes 
many of them. Wrong conceptions, founded 
upon ignorance, and buttressed by prejudice, 
Inordinate pride and lofty contempt, make appro- 
aches to them almost impossible. But God works 
in many wa)s, and wise men take advantage of 
heaven sent opportunities. The younger brothers 
and sons of these very families are being driven 
out of their exclusivtness by the march of events. 
They have by leaving their homes made it possible 
to divest themselves of their conseivatiMn. The 
new environment in which they find themselves is 
vibrant with lush ideas. They have discovered 
a new world, and the adjustment, social and 
menial, to (he new condi'ioits is ini])erative, and 
almost revolutionary. One s'udent described his 
experience as simtlat to being dropped from one 
planet to another. From eveiy province of 
China a stream of young life has poured in to 
J i|«n. Far off Kansu, several months by road 
and river, has sent her quota. From the moun- 
tainous regions of the North and the plains of 
Honan; from erstwhile closed Hunan and the 
tuibulent I iangkwang (Canton and Kwansi) ; as 



July 10, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. WteifI*H^B WHg««&SSRj 5* 



far as tlie steppes bordering upon Mongolia ; 
from every point of the compass, the river of 
eager youth lias flowed Japan-wards. 

It is a striking fact that although these students 
come from every section of China, here in Tokyo 
they use a common tongue. The Mandarin- 
speaking Missionary can therefore get into touch 
with them at once. These men are here to learn. 
Tlie proud contempt of foreigners las been 
largely laid aside, and they approach us as 
humble students. In order to get into close con- 
tact with the men, we have organized classes for 
the teaching of English. Over two hundred men 
are now enrolled in these classes. The class room 
brings us into touch with them, and from the 
class room to our home is but a step. Here we 
meet the' men in social intercourse, and find it 
comparatively easy to cultivate intimate relations 
Then we have all the agencies of the Association, 
Bible Classes, lectures and addresses, the game 
and leading rooms, all of which offer opportuni- 
ties of getting to know the men. To crown all 
is the Student Church. More than one hundred 
of the present number of students in Tokyo are 
baptized Christians. These students upon their 
return to China will become leaders. Some will 
be officials, most will be the educators of the next 
generation of Celestials. 

There is at the present time a deeper and more 
genuine interest in Christianity among the 
students than at any previous time. Many in- 
cidents and illustrations might be mentioned 
showing how this interest is manifesting itself. 
One of the associates, Mr. Elwin, told me recently 
of a young man who won fiist honours in a 
Provincial examination in China, where there were 
500 competitors. After a few months of contact 
with Christians in Japan, he wrote Mr. Elwin as 
follows: " I am reading God's Holy Book every- 
day and believing it." His case is typical of 
many when he said that at first he thought that 
knowledge was all that was needed in this life, 
but now "I kao<v knowledge is not so vitally 
necessary as an undtfinable something which I 
am seeking for heart safety and rest." 

Another student upon expressing his earnest 
desire to have his young bride in South China 
attend some Christian school, was a«ked " Why 
did you not arrange this before leaving China? " 
" Oh " he said " I was not interested in the subject 
then." " What, then, has changed you ? " He 
replied, " The universal love of Christ." 

One of our foreign staff, Mr. Elwin, in charge 
of a Summer school for Chinese students, up in the 
mountains, writes as follows: "Only one of the 
men was known to me per onally before. Nearly 
all have bought New Testaments We are 
friends. One at least had never come in contact 
with Christianity before. In Canton, with mis- 
sionaries about, no influence penetrated into his 
exclusive school. Here I do not have to go to 
him but he comes to me. He is becoming 
deeply interested in the Scriptures we re d daily. 
Two others have come to the stage of asking how 
10 study the Bible." 

The Educational work of the Association has 
been styled by one of our staff as "The drag-net 
which brings the students over into the line of 
contact " The men come here thirsting for 
knowledge ami although there are some who suc- 
cumb to> the allurements of tbe social woild, the 
large majority are diligent and hard working. 
The Educational Department of our work also 
opens the way for the communication of ethical 
and spiritual thought. Mr. Miller, one of our 
staff in the Waseda Department, reports : " With- 
in the last few months I have had ample 01 portu- 
nity of imparting wholesome instruction. Many 
of the s'.udents are taking commercial courses, and 
from one of the text-books I have been able to 
show that the piinciples of commercial morality 
were of greater importance than the mere acquisi- 
tion of wealth. Others study politics and from 
the history of Modern Europe it was my 
duty to point out the danger of mob-rule and 
wild revolution: ry ideas. It is well known that 
here there is a party with strong revolutionary 
tendencies The most brilliant member of it 
has more than once said to me that before China 
can obtain any liberal measures of reform there 
must be a great sacrifice of life; in other words, 
lie considers rebellion an indispensable factor to 



the regeneration of China. This student is now , is witnessing bravely for Christ in a heathen 
a member of my History class, and I believe has ' home, and two of his younger brothers are now 
been almost won over to the opinion that a blood- j boarders in the Mission school at Yung Chow." 
less revolution is much more desirable, for in the ' But our influence is not limited to the circle 
end it will bring speedier and more permanent of men actually gathered into the Church or 
results. As a goodly number hope to enter the ! Association. We are daily in contact witli those 
Civil Administration of their Country, I have from I who are in the outside ring and we venture 
Pres Roosevelt's famous speech, "The Man with j to say that their attitude towards Christianity is 
the Muck Rake," tried to instill into their minds | very different now from what it was before they 
the principles of civic honour and purity. It will left China. They mingle freely with us and the old 
be a happy day for China when peculation is j contempt seems • to have disappeared. One who 
made impossible. Before the great crisis of con- was in a hospital and visited by one of our staff is 
version can come, we know there must first be 'almost at a loss to show his appreciation, and even 
an awakening in the realm of thought. We are the parents of some of them are anxious that they 
now, I am happy to say, in the midst of it. The | should call on us. We are often advised of the 
motions of the mind are coming into touch with j arrival of new men and asked to look after them, 
the Divine. In our Bible Class and personal work When one remembers the comparative ease with 
we are besieged with questions and these are not which vice can be indulged in Tokyo, the value 
presented in a captious manner. Th» students of our social work can be readily granted, 
have come to feel tl at the cairns of Christianity, I There has never been in the history of the Church 
though bold and comprehensive, are yet rea- 1 such an opportunity as the situation in Tokyo 
sonable, and many of them are seeking a testing , affords. We are at the fountain of China's new 
place for the exercise of faith. The Christian | ijf e . True, there are many difficulties inherent in 
ship is, I may say, being overhauled and the 1 the situation. Prejudice does not in every case 
defects of our Historical Ecclesiasticism with all yield at the first touch. Anti-foreignism is in many 
the weakness of spurious profession are being j minds a necessary element of patriotism. Distorted 



revealed 

Que man a few days ago called upon Mr, 
Miller at ten o'clock at night to enquire into the 

is 



ideas of Christianity require tactful patience to 
straighten out. But the ideas of the Gospel have 
entered and are working in the minds of many. 



meaning of baptism. This young man is a j Enquiries such as how to relate acceptance of 
member of one of the well-known . families of I Christianity to the practice of ancestral worship 



Chimi. He has been attending the Bible Class 
and now is seeking light on this sacred rite. 

"My heart has frequently been stirred to the 
depths " reports Rev. G. L. Davis, the Associate 
Pastor of the Chinese Student Church of Tokyo, 
" as I have seen the sens of prominent officials go 
forward and before an audience of their fellow 
students openly confess their Saviour and receive 
baptism as an outward sign of their allegiance to 
Jesus Christ, when formerly in their home towns 
in China they would have thought they must 
apologise for being seen in a Christian Chapel." 

A young man from Shansi, whose father was a 
member of the Hanlin Yuan in Peking for fifteen 



manifest a degree of progress in the minds of the 
men putting the questions. God has placed us 
here at the very time when the fermenting mind 
must need our positive teaching. The value of 
this work is to be seen in the fact that men who 
in China would be widely scattered and difficult 
of access are gathered together in easily acces- 
sible groups. The plasticity of these youthful 
minds renders them susceptible to impressions, 
and the ideas now implanted will modify their 
whole thought-life and thus in some measure de- 
termine their future attitude to questions of 
paramount importance. To many the time of 
their sojourn in Tokyo may prove to be the finest 



years, and afterwards Literary Chancellor of the ! chance in their lives for hearing the Gospel and 
P'ovince of Chihli, has become a Christian, observing its fruits in the life and home of their 
While in China, his father would never allow him 1 teachers. No man can see the best and not 
to go inside a Chapel, although he lived for more yearn for it. A vision of the Maker is bound to 
than ten years almost opposite the gate of the permanently impress the soul. As far as capacity 

goes they are equal to any similar body of 
students in the world. Their power of applica- 
tion is tremendous. Six or eight hours of 
lectures each day with from two to four hours of 
English class work in the evening is by no means 
uncommon. When one remembers that most of 
the lectures are given in Japanese, and that in 
suite of this, the Chinese students often get ahead 
of the Japanese working in the same classes, one 
can see that they are strenuous. The same 
energy if applied to the regeneration of their 
country will, if moulded and guided by Christian 
principles, soon bring a new China into being. 
When the Association was first organized in 



American Board Mission in Peking 

Already the new leaven is working. A 
Chinese writing in a recent issue of the West- 
minster Revicxv says ot these men after re- 
turning from their s'udies abroad, " Fairly 
educated, and having had proper training, the 
students return from Japan to establish, private 
schools everywhere at their own expense. The 
work is disinterestedly carried on. Many 
teachers sacrifice their own fortunes in their enter- 
prise. But they are gaining ground by degrees, 
especially in normal schools and Kindergartens. 
\\\\ anti-opium and anti-footbinding movements 
so general but for the 



would not have been 



energetic preaching both by tongue and pen of j Tokyo there was little interest in the religious 
the students returned from Japan. The doctrine 
in favour of the emancipation of women is spread- 
ing daily, and before long the education of the 
other sex will receive equal attention." The 



work. The students were willing to attend the 
socials, lectures, and popular addresses, but when 
a Bible Class or a religious meeting was mention- 
ed, thev at once shook their heads, from what 



writer of the article goes' on to show how the has already been mentioned above, it will be seen 
literature of China is becoming reshaped by the j that there is a deep and growing interest in the 
new learning. Thousands of new words are 1 religious work. Last Sunday nearly 50 young 
being incorporated into the body of the national j men took part in the Comrrunion Service at the 



vocabulary. " New expressions, new construc- 
tions of sentences" are making a revolution in the 
Chinese Literary worlr*. A new activity has laid 
hold of the pens of ready and able writers, and 



Chinese Student Church, and 136 men were en- 
rolled in the different Association Bible classes. 
Tlie Bible C asses of the Association are the 
training grounds for the Student Church. Evan- 



ideas alive, pulsating with vitality, are being j gclistic Bible Classes are being held in the two 
given forth without cessation. The student body i principal student centres of the city each Sunday 
lis the mainspring of the movement in China, in evening. Last year the Bible Classes were con- 
fact is the movement. I ducted in Chinese, Chinese-English and English 
It requires very little imagination to grasp the I only. During the past six months practically all 
j bearing of the Association work among these men j the Bib'.e Classes have been conducted in Chinese. 
!in its relation to the regeneration of China and to j The reason for this may be seen in the statement 
j Mission work in particular. Every member of ! of one of the students himself who said: 
the Student Church is a centre of Christian " Formerly I came more for the English language ; 
[influence. Each of the two hundred membrs of now I want to know mote about the Bible and 
I the Young Men's Christian Asso..iat : o 1 represents, I can understand it better in my own language." 
; if not an active pro-Christian at least one less Last Sunday evening there were forty young 
opponent. The Rev. E. C. Cooper, of Hunan, men in one evangelistic Bible Cla^s. Many of 
writes very encouragingly of one of the Church these forty men heard the Gospel then for the 
members who has leturned to China : "The man first time. During the last few months a short 



52 m*x*2-n*R*&9*m®**i THE Japan weekly mail. 



[July 10, 1909. 



Gospel service, for fifteen minutes, lias been con- 
ducted each evening at each Department for the 
students in the Association evening classes. It is 
encouraging to see the interest in Christianity 
being manifested by these men who before coming 
to Tokyo never attended a religious service. 

The Student Church has a strong Chinese 
Pastor, the Rev. Mark Liu, of Tientsin. Most 
of the members are now giving one tenth of their 
income to the Church, which makes the Student 
Church practically self-supporting. I his is a 
most encouraging fact and must have a great 
reflective influence. 

The Chinese students are great readers. They 
are not only seeking all the knowledge they can 
get through the medium of their own language, 
but are reading books in other languages, especi- 
ally Japanese, English, French and German. The 
Association Reading Roomsare supplied with many 
of the leading newspapers and magazines, publish- 
ed in Chinese, Japanese and English. The As- 
sociation is greatly indebted to the Hon. Mrs. 
Gordon, of Tokyo, through whose generosity and 
influence more than 2,000 volumes of well-selected 
books have been added to the Library. This 
Library has been named "The Anglo-Chinese 
Library of the Chinese Young %Men's Christian 
Association." Many of the Chingse members arid 
other friends are making contributions toward 
this Library. 

I believe there has never before in the world's 
history been given an equal opportunity for in- 
fluencing a really great nation in every phase of 
her life and existence, 

Statistics of Cheese Students 
Studying in Tokyo, 1909. 

Gov't or No. En- 
Nave of School. Private, rolled. 

1 Kobtin Gakuin Private.*. 280 

2 Keigakudo 200 

3 Iwakura Tetsudo Gakko „ ... 166 

4 Tohingakudo ,, ... 45 

5 Toa Tetsudo Gakko 148 

6 Toyo Daigaku 4 

7 Waseda University ,. ... 820 

8 Shinbu Gakko 180 

9 Seijo Middle School 250 

10 Keio Gijuku 13 

11 Hosei Daigaku 300 

12 Tokyo Higher Technical School Gov't... 129 

13 Imperial University „ ... 58 

14 Higher Normal School „ ... 63 

15 First High School (o 

16 Tokyo Higher Commercial School 60 

17 Chuo Daigaku Private.. 105 

18 Dobun Shoin 150 

19 Nihon Daigaku 10 

20 Meiji Daigaku ,, ... 7 00 
2f Koto Shihan Fuzoku Chugaku Gov't... 1 

22 Tokyo School of Foreign Languages 8 

23 Seisoku English School Private.. 300 

24 Shisei Gakko 44 

25 Seisoku Yobiko „ ... 80 
Students Studying in Military Schools and in 

other Schools and with private teachers 
(Estimated) 1.000 

Grand Total 5.174 



THE GYMKHANA. 



an excellent race by a length. The prize was a 
silver tea-caddy. 

No. 3. 3/4 Mile. For Hotsesand Ponies. Each 
rider to be started separately and to cover the distance 
as nearly as possible in the given time of 2.08 sec. 
No stop or other watches to be carried 

The 18 riders started at intervals of one minute, 
and the race was won by Mr. M. Stitt in 2 m. 8 s. 
the exact time prescribed in the conditions of the 
race. The prize was a silver-mounted clothes-brush. 

No. 4. Cigar Race. — The riders to be in Fancy 
Costume. Start about 20 yards from the Winning 
Post, ride to the Winning Post, dismount and lake a 
cigar from a Committee-man, light it. remount, and 
ride round a post placed about 1 50 yards off. First 
in with cigar alight to be the winner. 

Mr. M. Stitt, in Japanese dress, won the first prize, 
a silver mounted whisk. The second prize, which 
was for the brst costume, was awarded to Mr. Elliot, 
who, dressed as a ballet-dancer, excited great 
amusement. 

No. 5. Ladies' Nomination.— Competitors must 
start dismounted from a given point on the race 
course, mount and ride to nominator carrying cotton 
thread. Dismount and thiead a needle he'd by 
nominator. Receive from nominator threaded 
needle, mount and lide to winning post. 

This interesting event was won by Mr. Bent and 
Miss Moss. The prize wa<s a silver cieam jug. 

No. 6. Putting Potatoes in bucket after catching 
them from a ladv if gentleman rider, and fiom a 
gentleman if a lady is liding. To be at the gallop. 
Two runs. 

This event was won bv Lieut. Byrne and Miss 
Strome, The prize was a silver card tray. 

No. 7. Beef Stake. — Half-Mile Handicap for 
Horses and Ponies, The rider to itand 168 lbs. 

The Rev. W. P. G. Field won this event, and the 
handsome silver cocktail-shaker that constituted the 
prize. 

No. 8. Hurdle Race. — For China Ponies, weight 
as per scale with 7 lbs. added. 3^ Mile. 

This was won by Mr. M. Zahn. The prize was a 
set of silver-mounted hairbrushes, presented by Mr. 
A. J. Easton. 

No. 9. Hurdle Rack. — For Horses. }( Mile. 
Catch weights 150 lbs. 

The final event was won by Mr. Hermann, who 
led from the start. The piize was a silver ice-dish. 



The Yokohama Gymkhana, twice postponed 
on account of the weather, finally took place on 
the afternoon of Saturday, July 3. The indica- 
tions in the early part of the day were not entirely 
favourable, but the management were averse to a 
third postponement, and fortunately the weather 
turned out everything that could be desired. 
There was a large attendance, including many 
ladies. 

The results of the different events were as 
follow : — 

No. :. Tent Pegging — Three points for a cany. 
Two for a carry under 20 yards. One for a touch. 
Three for speed. Piize (presented by Mr. S. Isaacs) 
was a silver tray with silver-mounted whiskey glasses. 

The winner of this event w.is Lieutenant Byrne of 
the Hongkong Gariison. whose work was greatly 
admired. 

No. 2. For China Ponies that have not won a 
race on the N.R.C. Course during 191 8 and 1909. 5 
Furlongs. Weight as per scale, with 7lbs. added 
Jockeys who have not won more than two races, 
jibs. allowance. 

The field got away well, and kept well together, 
until Mr. A. J. Easton pushed to the front and won 



SHINTO SHRINES. 



During the year preceding the issue in 1906 of 
an edict authorising the amalgamation of shrine-, 
there were over 192,000 shrines in Japan. After- 
wards the number decreased to a little over 
i5*,ooo. 

Of late, about 2,000 shrines have effected amal- 
gamation in Miya prefecture alone. 

The total number cf shrifies in 1907 and 1908 
was as follows : — 

1907. 1908. 

Jingu 1 1 

Kwanpei Taisha 43 41 

Kwanpei Chusha 26 26 

Kwanpei Shosha 3 3 

Special Kwanpei Sha ... 23...V 23 

Koknhei Chusha 49 49 

Kokuhei Shosha 26 26 

Fu Ken Sha 280 280 

Go Sha 3,463 3 465(F) 

Soir Sha 5 ! .°53 4.924 

No rank 121.474 108.978 

The number of priests is : — 

Kwanpei Taisha 79 

Kwanpei Chusha 90 

Kwanpei Shosha 10 

Special Kwanpai Sha 75 

Kokuhei Chusha 16; 

Kokuhei Shosha 65 

Fu Ken Sha 923 

Go Sha 3.608 

Son Sha 8.608 

No rank 1 , 1 6 1 



NOTES FROM CHINA. 

H. E. Yu Sliih-mei, the Chinese Commissioner 
who has been abroad to study the constitution of 
Germany, has submitted a memorial in which he 
accuses the members of the Commission of Con- 
stitutional Refi rni of being mostly Revolutionists, 
and severely expatiates on the evil of establishing 
the proposed Deliberative Provincial Assemblies. 

Viceroy Tuan Fang has ordered palings to be 
erected round the Ming Tombs at Nanking, to 
preserve them from further acts of vandalism. An 
inscription in Chinese, English, French, Italian, 
Russian, and German appeals to visitors to abstain 
from injuring or defacing these ancient monu- 
ments. 

Professor Giles is compiling a new edition of 
his Chinese-English Dictionary, the first part of 
which is to be published this month. The com- 
plete work will consist of about 1,800 pages and 
will be a strictly new edition, containing some 
20,000 new entries and correcting all mistakes 
occurring in the edition of 1892. The advance 
subscription price is ^5. 5s. 

The American colony at Shanghai, including 
the Consulate-General, celebrated Independence 
Day on July p. It is to be presumed that there 
were local reasons for such a departure from the 
invariable American custom of celebrating on 
the following day a national holiday falling on 
a Sunday. 



ST, JOSEPH'S COLLEGE. 



The Eighth Annual Commencement Exercises 
of St. Joseph's College were held at Van 
Schaick Hall on the Sth install'. The pro- 
gramme was a very attractive one. and not only 
the friends of the pupils, but a large number 
of the general public, gathered at the place 
of meeting. The vaiious numbers, especially 
the several pretty plays and the music, 
were loudly applauded, and the Director, Herr 
Molt/., is to be congratulated on the eclat with 
which the occasion |iassed off. The proceed 
ings terminated with the usual distribution of 
prizes. 



NOTICE 70 MARINERS. 

CHINA SEA STORM REPEATING SIGNAL STATIONS 
DISCONTINUED. 

Notice is hereby given that the system of Storm 
Repeating Signals from Light-stations inaugurated 
in 1907 not having proved a success, it has been 
decided, in consultation with Sicawei Observatory, 
to disconiit.ue it. 

The local Storm- warning Stations at Ningpo' 
Chinhai, Wenchow, and Sharp Peak, w hich use the 
Storm Repeating Code, will be continued for the 
benefit of native shipping. 

HAYATOMO-SETO TIDAL OBSEDYATJON LIGHTBUOY 
REMOORKD. 

Notice is hereby given that Hayatomo seto 
Tidal Observation Lightbuoy on the n >rth side of 
Hyatomo seto, Sliimonoseki Strait, drififd from 
its* moorings (see Notification No. 586 of 
Department of Comniications, June 1909), has 
been remoored in its position. 

KAWARA-ZU BUOY AND OKINO-SU BUOY TO BE 
CHANGED. 

Notice is hereby given that Kawara-zu Buoy 
on the south side of Kawara zu, Southwest of 
Hiroshima, Shiaku-seto, Inland >ea, and Okino-su 
Buoy on the north side of Okino-su, southeast of 
Hiroshima, will shortly be changed into a light- 
buoy each. 

Further notice will be given when the change 
has been effected. 



NANKING LIBRARY. 

In the beautiful valley at the foot ofTsing 
Liang Shan, Viceroy Tuan Fang is erecting a 
handsome library building to store the collection 
of Chinese books which he purchased from 
Chekiang Province last year. This is one of the 
finest collections of Chinese books in existence, 
and the budding which is being eiecled will be a 
fitting home for it. It is modelle . after a noted 
I'eking building and the workmen have been 
brought from Peking The main building is 150 
feet in length and about 40 feet in depth and is 
two storied. At the rear is another building of 
equal length but rather narrower. These two 
buildings ate connected by covered passageways. 
The buddings follow the old style of Chinese 
architecture and have strong wooden pillars, so 
that, although the building may be subtamial 
and handsome it will not, unfortunately, be fire- 
proof. At present there is a large number of 
small Chinee buildings between the Library and 
the street, but these are to be cleared away and a 
handsome entrance provided. — Sfianghai Times. 



July io, 1909.J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. Wfe-fr£*HflitB*HfI«ffi?»I3Pj S3 



"MARRIAGE CUSTOMS IN JAPAN." 



We have received from the author, Mr. G. 
Watanabe, a copy of the above interesting little 
work. The book, which consists of close on 50 
pages, begins with an account of the wedding of 
the Crown Prince and Princess in Tokyo on May 
10th 1900 (taken from the columns of this j jumal), 
and proceeds to describe, in a clear and entertain- 
ing style, the various customs of courtship, 
betrothal, bridal processions, and nupital ceremo- 
nies, curious and quant, which have prevailed in 
this country from time immemorial. Most of 
these obtain, as may be supposed, in the remoter 
country districts, such as the Isles of Izu, but they 
are nevertheless of interest both to the general 
reader and to the sociologist. Mr. Watanabe is 
to be congratulated on his quite unusual command 
of English.. 



correspondence: 

THE MONTHLY RELIGIOUS SUMMARIES. 



(To the Editor of the "Japan Mail") 
Sir, — I am sorry that I have been delayed until 
now in replying to Mr. Dening's elaborate article in 
the Weekly Mail of June 12. The article is the 
ablest piece of defense that I have seen fiom Mr. 
Dening. It is, however, disfigured by many cf 
those unfortunate expressions which are so character- 
istic of his controversial letters. He applies .several 
choice expressions to me and attempts to disparage 
the moral character of missionaries and goes out of 
his way to take a fling at the wives of missionanes. 
Mr. Dening should realize that in the first place such 
things are not argument. And he should realize also 
that iliey give to his controversial letters the tone of 
a fishwife rather than that of a gentleman. 1 am 
sorry to say this about Mr. Dening, but I can not 
carrv on a controversy with him w thotit plainly 
staling my mind on this pauicular point. 

In regard to Dr. Takagi, there are two questions 
which should be kept sepaiate. The first is in 
regard to the fairness of the summaries of Dr. 
Takagi's articles. The second is in regard to the 
repeated declarations of Mr. Dening concerning Dr. 
Takagi's heterodoxy. 

In regard to the first question, I have not at- 
tempted to give my own judgment. Instead. I 
gave the opinion of Dr. Takagi himself that the 
summaries were misrepresentations of his articles. I 
also stated that Dr. Takagi is an English scholar 
and ought to know. Therefore the question is 
simply an issue between Mr. Dening and Dr. 
Takagi. 

Mr. Dening attempts to prove that he is right by 
giving a long list of disconnected passages from Dr. 
Takagi's speech before the Y.M.C.A. as reported in 
the Kaitakusha. But the whole tenor of a sentence 
or a paragraph so often depends upon the context 
and one part of a speech is so often modified by 
what is said before or after that nothing can be 
proved by a list of disconnected passages. The 
only possible way to come to an independent judg- 
ment is to read the entire original speech and then to 
decide whether the summary is a fair represent- 
ation of the speech as a whole. The charge which 
Captain Okada has recently made, which Mr. 
Dening does not seem to be able to comprehend, is 
along this same line, namely, that Mr. Dening's 
summary was not a fair representation of his article 
as a whole. If Mr. Dening attempts to summarize 
an article at all, he has no right to summarize the 
part which pleases his fancy, if that partial summary 
gives a false representation of the article as a whole. 

In regard to the second question, I did give my 
own judgment and I stand by it now. Mr. Dening 
repeatedly declared in the Mail that Dr. Takagi is 
heterodox. That term has an old-fashioned flavour, 
but it is Mr. Dening's own choice of a word. The 
main purpose of my former letter was to show that 
Mr. Dening was wrong, and to show that I gave Dr. 
Takagi's own statement of his theologi al belief. In 
his elaborate article Mr. Dening does not refer to 
this statement. But it plainly shows that Dr. Takagi 
is in agreement with orthodox Christian belief. It 
plainly shows that Mr. Dening has come to a wrong 
conclusion in regard to Dr. Takagi's belief. 

In his last article there is an illustration of a false 
conclusion reached by Mr. Dening. He says, " the 
doctrines concerning original sin, the universal cor- 
ruption of mankind, the incarnation and the atone- 
ment are no essential part of Christianity at all and 
were not taught by Christ himself according to Dr. 
Takagi." This does not represent Dr. Takagi's 
thought at all, I am glad to say. Dr. Takagi holds 
emphatically in his belief that the incarnation and 
the atonement are essential parts of Christianity and 
that the belief in them is to be traced back to the 
mind of Christ, His thought in the speech quoted by 



Mr. Dening was that there have been theories and 
special doctrines of the incarnation and the atone- 
ment in the Christian Church which need not be 
accepted to-day and some of which may even seem 
absuid to us. That is a very simple proposition 
which every Chi istian scholar would at c?pt. In *egard 
to the value of the apologetic method pursued by Dr. 
Takagi in this paiticular speech there may be 
difference of opinion. It is a point in which I myself 
do not agree with Dr. Takagi at all. ! ut, at the same 
lime, the thought of Dr. Takagi in the speech p;o- 
perly understood is certainly not heieiical. Mr. 
Dening has not understood the leal thought of the 
speech. 

Aside from the case of Dr. 'takagi, there are 
several points in Mr. Dening's article to which I must 
refer briefly. In my former letter I said that Mr. 
Dening's standard of orthodoxy seemed to be an ab- 
solute uniformity of belief in every detail of Christian 
thought, and I characterized his use of such a 
standatd in judging all the theological schola ship 
of to-day as artificial and childish, Mr. Dening 
objects to this characterization and says that his idea 
of cithodoxy is that of "the Roman Catholics, 
the Greek Church Christians, a'd all the orthodox 
Protestant Sects." I admit that Mr. Dening's 
idea of orthodoxy is the ideal of the Greek Church 
and more or less that of the Roman Catholic 
Church. From the standpoint of ihose Chinches 
that ideal or sKandard of orthodoxy is a proper 
and dignified thing. Hut I insibt that for Mr. 
Dening, an agnostic himself, to go tanging as he 
does through the Protes'ant theological scholar- 
ship of to-dav and to judge it with the Greek or 
Roman Catholic idea of oithodoxy is an artificial 
and childish proceduie. It is artificial because there 
is, Mr. Dening to the contrary, actually no such 
stairdai d of orthodoxy among the Protestant Churches. 
And it is childish because it gets nowhere. Before 
Mr. Dening goes on to judge and classify any more 
of the Protestant theological literature of to-day, let 
him make the Protestant distinction between funda- 
mental Chi istian belief and the realm cf secondary 
belief in which there is liberty of thought. 

Mr. Dening again makes a great deal of the 
profound ignorance of the missionaries in regard 
to the actual religious thought of the Japanese 
Chiistians. When Mr. Dening was a missionary 
himself he may have been as ignorant as he pic- 
tures other missionaries to be. I do not know 1 . But I 
assure him that all missionaries are not in that 
blissful state. Does he imagine that a missionary 
in my position, for instance, who is constantly 
teaching classes of Japanese young men in which 
there is perfect liberty of speech, does not hear every 
last little whim of religious thought in Japan to-day ? 
The attention of the missionaries is constantly fixed 
upon the religious thought and life of Japan. That 
is their one business in life. They know that there 
is a strong tendency to Unitarianism among many 
Japanese Christians and they know how easily and 
to what an extent the naturalistic conception of the 
Christian religion has found a home in the Japanese 
mind and they know other things even mote alarm- 
ing than these. But along-ide these things, they 
know what your readers could never find out from 
Mr. Dening's summaiies of Japanese religious 
thought, that among Japanese protestant Christians 
there is an amount of loyalty to fundamental 
Christian belief and a reality and depth of Christian 
experience which are sufficient to save the Japanese 
Churches from the very real dangers of the destruc- 
tive religious thought of the day. The missionaries 
are optimistic, but it is not because they are living 
and doing their work in a fool's paradise. 

Mr. Dening again mis-states the criticisms made 
against his Summaries. He tiies to make it appear 
that the missionaries object to the Summaiies be- 
cause they find in them example of Japanese radical 
thought. There is a great deal of such thought in 
the current Japanese religious press and it should 
ceitainly have its proper place in the Summaries. 
They would be one-sided and incomplete without it. 
Some of your readers have objected because, as far 
as the Protestant part of curient Japanese religious 
literature is concerned, the negative and destructive 
and sensational element is constantly over empha- 
sized in the Summaries. But, as I said in my 
former letter, knowing Mr. Dening's own belief and 
temperament this is a fault in the Summaries 
which is natural and to be expected. The 
objection which I myself have made is the 
repetition in the Summaries of Mr. Dening's own 
radical and agnostic opinions. Mr. Dening calls for 
an instance of this fault. You might as well call 
for an instance of dampness in the air in these 
rainy season days. But if Mr. Dening will turn to 
his summary of two books by Messrs. Schiller and 
Aoki in the Weekly Mail for April 3, he will find a 
glaring instance where in the body of the summary 
he himself takes sides with the radical and natural- 
istic conception of the Christian religion and gives 
his own partisan views at length. 

Supposing we had in the Japan Mail from month 
to month a summary of the European and American 



political press and the wiiter of the summary 
should be a radical Socialist. I imagine that many 
of your non-missionary readers would object to the 
Socialistic bias such summaiies would naturally take 
on. And if year after year the writer should persist 
in adding to the summaries his own Socialistic com- 
ments I am quite sure your readers would become as 
tiied of such a mixture of summaries and personal 
opinion as some of us are in the case of Mr. Dening. 

Mr. Dening quotes the following sentence from 
my former letter : "The Christian belief of Chris- 
tian people transfigures their total life, their cosmical, 
1 heir moral, their social, their spiiitual life," He as- 
sumes that this sentence shows that I put myself " on 
a higher moral pedestal than is occupied by an agnos- 
tic." And he goes on to disparage the moral chaiac- 
ter of missionaries in general and the character of the 
wives of missionaries. Of course the sentence does 
not mean what Mr. Dening makes it mean. Mr. 
Dening should use more pene'ration in understand- 
ing the thought of other people before indulging in 
such offensive criticism. The sentence means that 
the Christian belief of Christian people transfigures 
their total view of life, cosmical, moral, social, and 
spiritual, as 1 had just been showing. I do not write 
letters to the papers to exalt my own mor.al life. It 
would be an easy thing to show the gieat influence 
of the Christian religion upon (he moral life of the 
world. But in presenting such an argument I would 
not presume to present my own life as an example, 
unless it were to confess to what a moral depth my 
life would fall were it not for my Christian 
experience. 

Sincerely yours, ARTHUR D. BERRY. 

June 28, 1909. 



AN OMISSION IN DOING HONOURS. 



(To the Editor of the " Japam Mail.") 
Sir, — In the leport of the proceedings at the 
Jubilee celebration on the 1st inst. amongst the 
speeches I fail to notice anything being said about the 
Yokohama Breakwater, and it seems to me that such 
a boon to shipping should have had a recognition 
at that time. The creation cf the Breakwater was 
entirely due to His Excellency Count Okuma, who 
on Ie-'rning that a scheme was afoot by Mr. Oki 
Morikata, »the then Governor of Yokohama, and 
his local friends to make a small Harbour 
abreast of the native town of Yokohama but some 
distance from the foreign settlement, took great in- 
terest in the matter and came down to Yokohama 
for the special purpose of making a personal inspec- 
tion of the said plans as well as of the proposal for 
substituting a Breakwater. Count Okuma took a 
launch and with Mr. Oki Moiikata went over the 
surroundings and within a very short time 
requested Mr. Moiikata to have General Palmer pro- 
pose plans for the Breakwater, in lieu of the Harbour 
plans he had previously made. The present Mayc.r 
Mr. Mitsuhashi, will vouch for this, and I think a 
word of thanks should have been extended to Count 
Okuma for his action in this matter, as well as that 
in many others connected with the foreign trade of 
Yokohama, especially during the period that he was 
Minister for Foieign Affairs. 

Yours truly, TOM. THOMAS. 

[We heartily endorse the remarks of Mr. Thomas. 
Count Okuma's name should always be remem- 
bered as that of one of Yokohama's greatest bene- 
factors. — Ed. /J/.J 



MR. DENING AND THE ODIOUS 
COMPARISON. 



(To the Editor of the "Japan Mail.") 
Sik, — In Mr. Walter Dening's recent article 
regarding the orthodoxy of Dr. Takagi, he closed 
his paper with some assertions about the comparative 
moral conduct of agnostics and Chiistians. To 
myself and many others, Mr. Dening's assertions 
gave the keenest pain. All of us, Christian, agnostic 
and secularian, admire the minute research, the 
trenchant pen and the cleverness of Mr. Dening. 
He is a doughty foeman, with a sharp steel. For 
one, it is with feelings of the deepest regret that I see 
Mr. Dening use his splendid abilities in such attacks 
as maiked the latter part of his article in regard 
to Dr. Takagi. 

No one will question Mr. Dening's right to oppose 
Christianity on matters of fact and science, if his 
sincere beliefs compel him to do so. While utterly 
opposed to him, I have read his summaries and 
articles with much intellectual stimulus. It does 
seem to me, however, that his attack on the moral 
conduct of Christians in general was beneath the 
dignity of his manhood and the calibre of his intellec- 
tuality. If he had said, "The conduct of some, or 
many, Chiistians was no better than the conduct of 
some other religionists or of some agnostics," it would 
not have been so offensive a statement ; for all regret 
that the conduct of many Chiistians is by no means 
blameless. For one thing, wolves cieep into the flock ; 



54 Wf6-tt3t*pH < B«-H»SaiR«ttB^ THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



LJuly i6, 1909- 



and for another, the Christian Church is not a body 
of perfected saints ; but a school of men and women 
striving after purity and righteousness and holiness, 
with many fallings that pain the Christian himself 
and give opportunity for such assertions as Mr. 
Dening's. 

Let me call attention to some things about Mr. 
Dening's asset tion. It is the'odious comparison. If 
he replies that the weapon was used against himself, 
I reply that such method is unwor'hy of either 
Christian or agnostic. Simple manliness usually 
taboos the comparison odious. Second, the s'ale- 
ment is of the nature of gratuitous assumption. 
Mr. Dening says it is his experience. With equal 
authority and experience, one might make exactly 
the opposite statement. Therefore, third, the state- 
ment is unscientific and unproveable. And Mr. 
Dening swears by science. Knowing Mr. Dening's 
cleverness, I will not say that he purposely made a 
statement that is unproveable one way or the other, 
and therefore put his opponents at a disadvantage. 
An opponent must almost resort to like assertion, to 
the comparison odious. There is one line of scien- 
tific and unanswerable facts, however, and I would 
like to call attention to it. It is the argument of 
statistics. 

Let me first illustrate. Bishop McCabe was once 
reading on the train a newspaper which gave an 
account of a meeting of Kobert Ingersoll and fellow- 
thinkers. Ingersoll said in his opening address, 
" The Christian Churches are dying all over the land. 
Christianity is struck with death." Bishop McCahe 
alighted at the first opportunity, and sent Ingersoll 
the following telegram : " Praise Cod fr om Whom 
all blessings flow. We are building a church a day, 
and propose to make it two." Statistics show that 
the Methodist Church, in its worl j-wide work, has 
nearly, if not quite, attained to Bishop McCabe's 
ideal. I have kept watch of the statistics of the 
denominations for a number of jears. I have per- 
sonally seen no statistical evidence of death or even 
decay in any other Christian denomination ; but, on 
the contrary advance everywhere, and remarkable 
advance. Take a single illustration from the June 
Homiletic Review as to Protestantism'. "The mission- 
aries in 1895 numbered 11,765, in 1900 theie were 
16,218, in 1905 there were 17,839, in 1907 these had 

increased to 18 499, and now there are 19.875 In 

addition, there are 4.999 ordained natives, ami 
98,955 native helpers. The total force in the field 
today is reckoned at 118,921. In 1895, it was only 

66,833 The total number of native church 

members added last year in all fields by all 
denominations was 164,674, or over 500 a day, and 
an average of about eight converts for each 
missionary on the field." To suppsrt this work, 
intelligent scholars and scientists, hardheaded 
business men, and horny-handed sons of toil con- 
tributed a very large sum of money. "Three 
presidents of the great Republic have publicly and 
fervently commended the cause of Missions." In 
my own denomination, the income for missions has 
increased from $929,000 in J907 to $1,482,000 
in 1909. 

If it is objected that the above statistics are unre- 
liable, I recommend a study of the United States 
Census report. As to the money figures, they are 
certified and audited by public accountants. 

Is it at all reasonable to suppose that educated 
men, men as scientific as any outside of Christianity, 
and business men, and hard-handed woi king-men, 
should so believe in and support an institution that 
is false, unscientific, and that produces no billet 
than the avetage cf moral conduct ? 

That is not said in any spirit of boasting. I have 
not an atom of that in my nature. I merely inquire, 
" Are not such facts as scientific as any of the 
theories of Huxley, or Spencer, or Haeckel, men 
whose names agnosticism holds in such admiration ? 

Yours Sincerely, WEA. 



"THE BUDGET— ITS SIGNIFICANCE AND 
ITS RECEPTION " 

(To the Editor of the "JAPAN Mail.") 
Sir, — In your excellent editorial of June 26th on 
" The Budget — Its Significance and its Reception" 
you speak of the proposed new taxation as having 
" been arranged so as to fall on a small and limited 
class of people." In the next sentence you speak of 
the " well-to-do and middle classes " as being the 
ones on whom these taxes will fall oppressively. 
Surely, Sir, the " well-to-do and middle classes in 
England cannot he spoken of as a "small and 
limned class." Moreover, on what class or classes 
should increased taxes be levied, if such taxes are 
"inevitable," — on the poveity-stricken and lower 
classes ? 

Will you kindly pardon my temerity if I further ask 
why the increased duties on liquors and licensesshould 
be regarded as vindictive? It may be said in reply 
that Mr . Lloyd-Gcorge jocular ly said that the Govern- 
ment was looking lor "lien roosts" to despoil. But 



what does that mean more than that some additional 
revenue would have to be raised to meet the increasing 
expenditures ? It was well known that some new taxes 
would have to be levied. Or it might be said as jou 
have tersely put it, " a measure of sweet revenge lor 
the killing of the Licensing Bill." But as compared 
with some Western countries the duties on beer, ale, 
and spiiituoiH liquors in Engl >nd are remarkably 
low, so wh it more I kely place to put increased taxes 
than on those articles or tr.ides where it was admit- 
tedly low, since increased taxation was inevitable ? 

The Brewers and ihose having capital invested in 
the liquor traffic uttered loud protests that the 3d. 
per barrel which was imposed on beer was 
" plundering " the trade and that it would be ruinous, 
etc. The estimated increase from this source was 
considerably less than half h million sterling. Brrl 
the Brewers forthwith laised the price of bter half a 
penny per pint or an annual increase of ^iS^oo.oco 
sterling or more than thirty-six limes the amount 
the Brewers were asked to contribute towaid 
the increased cost of Government in England 
Thus two things are very cleaily shown : — Kir st how 
quickly the incidence of a new tax is adjusted, or 
readjusted rather. In this case it apparently will 
not be paid by the class or trade on which it was 
levied, but by the consumer. Second ; how hollow and 
] hypocritical are some of the protests against the new 
i taxes. The Brewers, as well as the Bankers and 
j Merchants and even ourselves, cair be loyal and 
shout for the Flag so long as we are not asked to 
] pay for the "Dreadnoughts." The trade in strong 
drink was not suffering from the hard limes iir 
England and evidently there was no danger fioirr a 
small increase in the price of beer or the Brewers 
would not have risked "ruin" by a much greater 
increase than would reimburse them for the added 
tax, so the question naturally arises would not the 
Government be justified in taking the other three 
dozen fat pullets which the Brewers have shown 
to be on their '■ roost " ? 

A Colonial-born Briton, my knowledge of 
economic and s cial conditions and life in England 
has been derived from reading, converge with 
English people and some vacations spent in England. 
Studying thing; as they are, I have been led to 
admire and respect the "forces of Conservatism u 
which have so largely contributed to England's 
prosperiiy and stability, and I have been led to ft el 
that intelligent patriots cannot but view with alarm 
the alliance between the great Conservative Parly in 
England and the liquor traffic, — or at least the 
sympathy that is shown in the ranks of this party for 
the traffic, and to hope that the leadeis of this parly 
will be 'elieved from the responsibilities of office 
until they get aroused to ihe enormous effect 
the drinking habits of the working classes have on 
their thrift, purchasing power, happiness and morali- 
ty. Nothing would moie quickly brighten the daik 
clouds that hang over England's industrial horizon 
than an unqualified avowal by the leaders of the 
Conservative Parly of their purpose to suppress the 
traffic in beer and alcoholic beverages as an 
economic and industrial necessity ; or a voluntary 
abstinence movement among the working classes of 
England. 

Appreciation of your illuminating articles on Eng- 
lish politics has [H'ompted me to offer the above 
criticism in a most friendly spirit. 

Yours faithfully, BRITON. 

July 6th, 1909. 

[We cordially agree with much of what our 
correspondent says. It is not against the levying of 
a lax on intoxicating liquois, in principle, that we 
protest, but against the manner and spirit of its 
levying. Put we refer " Biilon " to a second article, 
in the columns of this issue, for fmiher elucidation 
of the questions involved. — Ed. /:M."\ 



TELEGRAMS. 



BUDDHISM AND CHRISTIANITY. 

(To the Editor of the " Japan Mail.") 
SlK, — When I read, in the last Religious Sum- 
mary, the ([notation from Dr. Tclsujiio Inotre, " What 
Buddhism and Christianity have to do now is 
to preach molality," I recalled these lines of Brown- 
ing that I had read, with a new appreciation, the day 
befor e : 

" What is the point where himself lays stress? 

Does the precept run, " Believe in good, 

Injustice, truth, now understood 

For the liist time ? " — or, " Believe in me 

Who lived and died, yet essentially 

Am Lord of Life ? Whoever can take 

The same to his heart, and for mere love's sake 

Conceive of the love, that man obtains 

A new tiinh ; no conviction gains 

Of an old one only, made intense 

By a fresh appeal to his faded sense." 

The "Lord of Life!" If one can believe that, 
"hat worlds of difference the belief makes ! 
Tokxo. B. CHAPPELL. 



(kkdter's service.) 

FLOATING DOCKS FOR 
DREADNOUGHTS. 

London, July l. 
Mr. McKcniia, First Lord of the Admiralty, 
stated in the Commons that it has been 
decided to construct two floating docks for 
Dieadnoughts. They are intended primarily 
for the Fast Coast, but can be sent anywhere, 
according to contingencies. 
THF MEDITERRANEAN FLFET AND 
THE MANOEUVRES. 

Later. 

Sir E. Grey, replying to a question in the 
House, said that the Admiralty and the 
Foreign Office had fully discussed the 
advisability of withdrawing the greater 
portion of the Mediterranean fleet for the 
naval manoeuvres which are to take place 
off the coast of Scotland. There was nothing 
in the political situation in the Mediter- 
ranean to make it necessary to alter the 
arrangements. 

BRITISH FINANCE. 
The Commons have agreed to Clause I 
of the Finance Bill after the application of 
the closure amid the protests of the Opposi- 
tion. 

The revenue returns for the last quarter 
show an increase of ^1,38 2,065. 

THE BRITISH ARMY. 

GRATIFYING REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR- 
GENERAL. 

London, June 30. 
An Army Memorandum, issued by 
General Sir John D. P. French, Inspeclor- 
General of the Forces, reports the Field 
Army to be in a high state of efficiency and 
well prepared to take the field at the shoitest 
notice. There are now 10,157 officers and 
264,515 men liable for foreign service, as 
compared witli 7,463 officers and 185,823 
men in December, 1905. 

THE U.S. TARIFF BILL. 

PROPOSED TEA DUTY DEFEATED. 

Washington — The Senate has rejected 
the amendment to the Tariff Bill imposing 
a duty of ten cents per pound on tea. The 
amendment was solely in the interest of a 
few teagrowers in South Carolina. 

LORD CHARLES'S RECOMMENDA- 
TIONS. 

URGES AN ADDITIONAL EXPENDITURE OF AT 
LEAST ;£5 5,000,000 BY I914. 

London, July 1. 
Lord Charles Beresford, speaking in the 
City, said he was compelled to be reticent 
regarding the past, pending the findings of 
the committee ; but he urged an addition to 
the existing programme of construction by 
1 9 14 of ten Dreadnoughts, sixty cruisers, 
and fifty-two destroyers, at a cost of fifty- 
five or sixty million pounds. 

THE STRIKE AT MARSEILLES. 

The Marseilles shipping strike has been 
renewed, owing to the refusal of the ship- 
owners to discharge their scratch crews. 
The Government has appointed an arbitrator, 
who will endeavour to settle the dispute. 

NAVAL RESERVISTS RESUME WORK. 

July Z. 

The naval reservists employed by the 
Messageries Maritimes Company have de- 
cided to resume work, the Company having 
acceded to their terms. 

HANKOW -SZECHU A N LOAN. 

AMERICAN BANKERS GET ONE FOURTH. 

Washington. — It is stated that it will be 
j officially announced in a few days that 
American bankers get one-quarter of the 



July io, 1909.J 



• THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



Hankow-Szechuan loan. Great Britain lias 
acquiesced in the arrangement. 

PRINCE AND PRINCESS KUNI 
IN LONDON. 
Prince and Princess Kuni have arrived in 
London. They were welcomed by a re- 
presentative of the King and by Ambassador 
and Madam Kato. 

INDIAN STUDENT ASSASSINATES 
SIR W. H. CURZON WYLLIE 
IN LONDON. 

London, July 2. 
At the Imperial Institute last, night an 
Indian student shot and killed Colonel Sir 
W. H. Curzon Wyllie and a Shanghai Parsee 
doctor named Cawas Lalcaca. The student 
accosted Sir William as he descended the 
staircase and fired four shcts at his head in 
rapid succession, holding the muzzle close 
to his face. Tlie fifth shot struck him as he 
fell, and the sixth struck the P.usee Lalcaca, 
who expired shortly after his removal to the 
hospital. Bystanders seized the assassin, 
who wrested his hand free and placed the 
revolver at his head, but being empty it 
clicked harmlessly. Lady Curzon Wyllie, 
hearing the shots, came upstairs from the 
cloakroom, but did not recognize the form 
lying on the floor, the shots having so dis- 
figured it. She knelt down and then an 
eye-witness saw horror leap into her eyes. 
Quietly she said " It's my husband. Why 
wasn't I with him ? " 

J"iy 3- 

The Hindu assassin is Madan Lai, of 
Dhinagri. He has been brought up at the 
Police Court and remanded for a week. His 
demeanour was pertectly callous. When 
asked if he had anything to say, he shook 
his head ; but explained that he had shot 
Lalcaca unintentionally. Seeing him ad- 
vance, he fired in self defence. 

The assassination is the greatest sensation 
in London since the Phoenix Park murders in 
Dublin in [882. An intimate acquaintance of 
the assassin, relating the story of his life in 
the Daily Chronicle, says that prior to the 
committal of the crime, Madan Lai spent two 
hours at Westbourne Grove, talking with 
extremists. 

[Here the telegram becomes unintelligible. — Ed. 
/#] 

The writer of the article in the Chronicle 
is satisfied that there was a deliberate plot, 
and he warns the public that unless the 
police adopt stringent measures, there will 
be further outrages. 

Later. 

Dr. Buchanan, an eyewitness, says that 
Lalcaca was talking with Sir William Wyllie 
just previous to the assassination, and he 
thinks he must have noticed the actions of 
the assassin and thrust himself before 
VVyllie. 

COLLAPSE OF DOCK AT NEWPORT. 

The trench connection of a huge dock in 
course of construction at Newport, Wales, 
has collapsed, entombing fifty navvies. It is 
feared that thirty have perished. 
TO TAX CORPORATION PROFITS. 

U S SENATE AGREES TO RESOLUTION. 

London, July 4. 
Washington. — The Senate has adopted 
by 45 to 3 i the resolution to tax the profits 
of Corporations. 

SHORTAGE IN COTTON CROP. 

PANIC IN NEW YORK 
There is a panic on the New York Cotton 
j Exchange as a result of the publication of 
the Government report indicating a hitherto 
unexpected deficiency in the cotton crop, 
due in some districts to a wet season and in 
' others to drought. It is not expected that 
the yield will exceed twelve million bales. 



THIRD TEST MATCH. 
Australia has won the third Test match 
by 126. 

THE SITUATION IN PERSIA. 

London, July 5. 

A Russian circular to the Powers declares 
that, in view of the failure of the Anglo- 
Russian measures to bring about reforms in 
Persia, and to prevent the advance of the 
Revolutionaries to Teheran, the Russian 
Government has decided that, while adhering 
to the principle of internal non-intervention, 
it will send some troops from Baku to Enzeli 
for the protection of Russians and other 
foreigners, but will not at present advance 
beyond Kazvin. Any fiuther advance will 
depend upon the course of events. 

THE UNITED STATES TARIFF. 

TEA AND COFFEE DUTY FREE. 
The U.S. Senate has deleted the proposed 
tea and coffee duties from the revised tariff. 
TO GUARD LORD MORLEY. 
Special precautions are being taken to 
guard Viscount Morley, Secretary of State 
for India, and the chief officials of the India 
Office. 

SOUTH AFRICAN FEDERATION. 

General Botha is now en route to Eng- 
land to open negotiations with the Charter- 
ed Company for the inclusion of Southern 
Rhodesia in the United South Africa. 
The Transvaal will compensate the Com- 
pany. A Bulawayo paper mentions 
^20,000,000 as the figure. 

THE ZFPPELIN AT METZ 
The balloon Zeppelin II. has arrived at 
Metz, where it will be stationed permanently. 
. CITY OF YOKOHAMA LOAN. 

London, July 6. 
The City of Yokohama 5 per cent, loan 
for ^"716,500 sterling has been issued at 98. 
THE NAVAL MANOEUVRES. 

HOSTILE FLEETS EFFECT JUNCTION. 

The result of a smart ruse in the Naval 
Manoeuvres led to a successful junction of 
the hostile fleets, stationed at the outset in 
the Noith Sea and off Oban, in the face of 
much stronger fleets at Berehaven (s.w. 
Ireland) and Kirkwall (Otkney Is.). 
THE INDIAN STUDENT OUIRAGE. 

INQUEST ON THE VICTIMS. 
An inquest has been held upon the bodies 
of Sir W. H. Curzon Wyllie and the Parsee 
Lalcaca, the victims of the recent outrage in 
London, and a verdict of Wilful Murder 
was returned. The murderer was absent. 
THE CONGO. 

AN EXPERIMENTAL PROVINCE. 

Later. 

It is stated in Brussels that the Belgian 
Minister of Commerce, who is touring in the 
Congo, proposes to invest a province ex 
perimentally with freedom of commerce and 
labour, on the lines desired by the British 
Government. 

INTERNATIONAL POLO. 

CUP WON BY AMERICAN TEAM. 

London, July 6. 
America has won the Internationa! Polo Cup 
at Hurlingham, beating England by 8 to 2 
THE FINANCE BILL. 

AN ALL NIGHT SITTING. 



Ambassador," cordially 
' now as always the friend 



" The American 
referred to Japan, 
of America." 

Mr. Kato, the Japanese Ambassador, 
replying on behalf of the guests, said that 
when Japan wanted help or advice it had 
always been given ungrudgingly and 
promptly by America. The wise methods 
of their rulers and the common sense of both 
peoples had completely nipped in the bud 
the efforts of a small party of mischief- 
makers. 

THE RUSSIAN ADVANCE IN PERSIA. 

Later. 

In the House of Lords, Lord Crewe, reply- 
ing to Lord Lamington, said that the 
Russian advance on Teheran was only con- 
templated should it be necessary to protect 
Europeans. 

NEW JUNIOR LORD. 

In the House of Commons, Mr. O. Par- 
tington has been appointed Junior Lord of 
the Treasury. This involves a bye-election. 
[Mr. Oswald Partington has been Liberal member 

for the High Peak Division of Derbyshire since 

1900. His majority at the last election was 796, 

on a poll of 1 1,000. — Ed. /.Mi] 

THE NAVAL MANOEUVRES. 

AN ADMIRAL'S BRILLIANT FEAT. 
SPEED OF THE DREADNOUGHTS. 

On the conclusion of the Naval Manoeu- 
vres, the newspapers speak eloquently of 
the brilliant manoeuvre by Admiral Jerram, 
who slipped through the Straits of Dover in 
a fog and effected a junction with the rest of 
the hostile fleet in the Atlantic. 

A prominent feature of the operations 
was the absence of breakdowns. The spjed 
of the Dreadnoughts actually delayed the 
final battle, as they were obliged to slacken 
their pace to wait for the slower battleships 
before the general attack could be made. 
THE YOKOHAMA LOAN. 

The Yokohama loan has been covered 
ten times. 

KING AND QUEEN IN 
LANCASHIRE. 

KING ADDRESSES TERRITORIALS ON NATIONAL 
DEFENCES. 

London, July 7. 
Their Majesties, the King and Queen, 
have just concluded a three days' visit to 
Lancashire. After a review of Territorials, 
the King expressed the hope that no occasion 
would arise for their services in actual war- 
fare, but he added that readiness for defence 
was the strongest safeguard for peace. 
[The opening of the new Royal Infirmary at Man- 
chester was the occasion of their Majesties' visit 
to the County Palatine. — En. /..I/] 

LORD KITCHENER AND THE 
AUSTRALIAN FORCES. 
Reuter learns that the War Office has 
informed the Commonwealth Government 
that it has no objection to the latter secur- 
ing the services of Lord Kitchener for the 
organization of the Australian forces. 
Lord Kitchener's decision is not yet known. 
THE ADDITIONAL DREAD- 
NOUGHTS. 

Later. 

Mr. J. B. Lonsdale inquired in the House 
ot Commons whether the Government had 



vet exeicised its power to order gun mount- 
j Mr Lloyd George refusing to permit j ngs aild armaments for additional Dread- 
adjourmuent of the debate on the Finance n( f u g hts . Ml , McKenna answered that it 
I Bill this morning, said that, at the present \ j iac j not 
rate of progress, it would take three years to : ™. , ' , 

.1 -p, , , . , |. . _ [ the above telegram, as received, was almost un- 

pass the bill. The debate continued all night. f L , n!e iii K ible. bui we «ive what we believe to be its 

THE FOURTH OF JULY BANQUET. I purport.— Ed. /.Mi] 

America and japan. MR. CHAMBERLAIN'S BIRTHDAY. 

London, July 7. j WORLD WIDE CONGRATULATIONS. 

At the F otuth of July banquet in London,' There has been world-wide congratulation 
Mr. Whitelaw Reid, replying to the toast of on the biithday of Mr. Chamberlain to day. 



56 vmvttBRnBm-wmm 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. * 



I July io, 19D9. 



Great meetings of congratulation were 
organized both in London and the Provinces. 

[Mr. Climnbeilain was born in 1^36, and is con- 
sequently 73 years of age. — Ed. / J/.] 

ITALIAN SHIP-SUBSIDY BILL. 

VIOLENT SCENE IN THE HOUSE OF DEPUTIES. 

Later. 

Italy is greatly agitated over the Govern- 
ment's ship subsidy bill. There has been 
an extraordinary scene in the Italian Cham- 
ber. Signor Colajinni shouted out that those 
who were responsible for the measure ought 
to be prosecuted. Signor Schanzer, Minis- 
ter of Posts and Telegraphs, forcibly struck 
Signor Colajinni, but was restrained from 
making further onslaught. Signor Cola- 
jinni's clothing was partially torn off in the 
struggle. The sitting was suspended amid 
uproar. 

(IW SpitClAI. A KKANGP.MIINT WITH THR 
"TOKVO AsAlll SlIIMJMJN.") 

THE ADVANCE ON TEHERAN. 

RUSSIAN CONCENTRATION. 

London, July I. 

St. Petersburg. — In consequence of the 
threatened advance on Teheran by Bakhtiaris 
and Nationalists, the Russian Government 
lias ordered a considerable force to assemble 
at Baku, in case an attempt should be made 
upon the city. The British Government has 
been informed of this concentration. 
JAPANESE STOCKS IN LONDON. 

On the Stock Exchange Japanese stocks 
generally are dull, but there have been 
some sales of Osaka bonds. 
CLIMAX APPROACHING IN PERSIA. 

SHAH'S ARMY TO OPPOSE REVOLUTIONARIES. 

Teheran. — The successful defence of the 
city against the Revolutionaries depends 
entirely upon the Russian officers. Without 
them, the troops would be valueless. The 
position of the officers is not an enviable 
one, as the Russian Government disclaims 
all responsibility for their actions. The 
loyalty of some of the men in the Persian 
Cossack brigade is doubtful. The Shah 
himself does not support the officers. When 
they asked for an extra regiment, he sent 
them thirty men. Nevertheless, it is under- 
stood that the officers intend to take the field 
in defence of the Shah, who has gathered 
together a total of 5,000 troops. 

BRITISH NAVAL MANOEUVRES. 

THREE GREAT FLEETS OF 370 SHIPS. 

Three great British fleets, aggregating 370 
ships, are now engaged in manoeuvres, 
largely on the east and northeast coasts. 

BATTLE IN MOROCCO. 

London, July 2. 
Fez. — An indecisive battle has been 
fought between the forces of the Sultan and 
those of the Pretender. Fourteen important 
tribesmen fighting on the side of the Suit in 
have been captured and beheaded. The 
Sultan's troops are disheartened. 
RUSSIAN AUTHORITY IN NORTH 
MANCHURIA. 

OBJECTION MADE BY THE U.S. 

London, July 3. 
New York. — The U S. Department of 
State has informed the Chinese Government 
that it intends to object to the Russo- 
Japanese agreement as to the control of 
municipalities in the railway zone in north 
Manchuria. It is understood that China 
grants the Russian railway lepresentatives 
power to veto the actions pjf the Inter- 
national Board formed to reorganize the 
municipalities. America feais that this 
dangerous precedent might lead Japan to 
demand similar tights in South Manchuria. 
It is stated that (he British Government is 
ot the same opinion. 



THE SITUATION IN PERSIA. 

GROWING FEELtNG AGAINST FOREIGN 
INTERFERENCE. 

London, July 2. 
Teheran. — Constitutionalists at Kozvin 
announce that they are coming to punish 
ceitain ministers who are responsible for the 
presence of foreign troops in Persia, and they 
warn the representatives of the Powers that 
the responsibility for any complications that 
may arise will rest with the Power interfering. 
THE CORRUPT ELEMENT IN 
NEW YORK. 

New York, July 2. 
New York. — The removal of the Police 
Commissioner by the Mayor is generally 
regarded as a sacrifice to Tammany. 
THE BECKMAN MURDER. 

London, July 2. 
Stockholm — The police discoveries indi- 
cate that the recent murder of General 
Beckman was connected with a proposal to 
bar the murderer on the part of the Russian 
anarchists. The murderer thought the 
anarchists had abandoned him, and he shot 
General Beckman in a fit of rage. 
PREMIER SPEAKS ON QUESTION 
OF ARMAMENTS. 

London, July 3. 
The Prime Minister, addressing the 
Liberals of Southport, said nobody had 
more reason to desire disarmament and a 
cessation of the miserable competition in 
armaments than the present Government, 
but that Great Britain could not afford to 
lose command of the sea. 
RUSSIAN MOVEMENTS IN PERSIA. 

London, July 5. 
St Petersburg. — A long communique from 
the R ussian Government to the Powers ex- 
plains the reasons for the despatch of 1,800 
troops from Baku to Enzeli, and thence to 
Kazvin, in readiness to protect the lives and 
property of foreigners. The circular expiess- 
ly reaffirms the settled policy of Russia to 
act in conformity with the agreement with 
England, and not to interfere in the internal 
affairs of Persia. The present movement is 
based, the circular states, upon the continued 
advance of the revolutionaries, and the belief 



DISTRACTED PERSIA. 

London, July 6. 

Teheran. — The Nationalists demand the 
dismissal of the Cabinet and of the new 
Ministers selected by the political clubs, the 
disarmament of the Shah's irregulars and 
the retirement of all Russian troops. 

It is understood that the Legations will 
reply, though some of the demands are un- 
reasonable and cannot be presented to the 
Shah. 

FRENCH MINISTER ON TARIFF 
REFORM. 

Paris. — The Minister of Commerce has 
stated in the Chamber that Tariff Revision 
must be prudent and circumspect. The 
Fiench and British markets are the comple- 
ment of each other. Either country would 
be making an unpardonable blunder if it 
placed fiscal obstacles in the way of the 
development of economic relations. 

THE FINANCE BILL DEBATE. 

" THE TIMES" ON MINISTERIAL TYRANNY. 

London, July 7. 
The House of Commons continues to hold 
greatly protracted debates on the Finance 
Bill. The closure is being repeatedly en- 
forced, the Government employing their 
enormous mechanical majority to override 
every objection. 

The Times declares that the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer does not attempt to meet 
arguments, and charges the Government 
with practising a demoralizing tyranny. 

THE STOCK EXCHANGE. 

Japanese securities are generally higher. 
The Yokohama Loan issue has been well 
received The list of application is closed. 
GERMAN AERIAL NAVY LEAGUE. 

Berlin. — An " Aeiial Navy League " has 
been definitely organized. There are al- 
ready 10,000 members. 

ITALIAN SHIP-SUBSIDY BILL. 

SERIOUS RIOTS AT PALERMO. 

London, July 8. 
Rome.— The debate on the ship subsidy 
bill is characterized by continued attacks 
on the measure. The ministiy is charged 
by the Socialists with accepting bribes. 
Discontent prevails in all the large sea|>orts. 
Palermo is almost at the stage of 



that the Persian Cossacks cannot successfully j revoIt - The tloo P s and l )olice hav ? 
resist them. tenible provocation and been assailed uith 

THE GERMAN FINANCIAL CRISIS. ' vol,eys but lhey have exllibited 



London, July 5. 
Berlin. — The negotiations between the 
Cnancellor's emissaries and the Reichstag 
majority are proceeding. Concessions have 
been made on both sides. 

FIGHTING IN PKRSIA. 
Teheran. — The first encounter has taken 
i place between the Royalists and the Na- 
tionalists at Shahabad The former are 
repoited to have be en successful. 

THR INTEGRITY OF CHINA. 
St. Petersburg — Commenting on the 
Chinese Special .Mission, the Novae Vremya 
declares that Russia must strictly adhere to 
the policy of the Western Powers interested 
in maintaining the integrity ol China 
A NEW AUSTRIAN RAILWAY. 

London, July 6. 
Vienna. — Die Emperor has opened a new 
railway from Spinal to Gastein, which 
pieices the Hohc Tauern Alps and opens a 
new line of com mfttication between central 
and north western Europe and the Adiiatic. 
[The iiwiuni.iins pieiced In the new line separate the 
two provinces of Cftrinlhla and S.dzlmrg, in which 
uspertively ihe ah.ive mentioned (owns ;ire UtlM<« 
ed lybetmi .<ll hni one «'f il>«* previously exi-iin^ 
r.nlwiws in the Western patt ol Ansma. following 
ilie valleys ot the Alps, run east nut we*t. the new 
line inns ne.uK nonh and soulh. — CD. /..)/.] 



wonderful self-restraint and have refrained 
from firing. 

(" Deutsche Japan-Post" Service to the 
" Japan Hkkai.d.") 

CHOLERA INCREASING. 

Berlin, June 30. 

Cholera is repoited to be steadily increas 
ing at St. Petersburg. 

Unfavourable reports as to the situation in 
Persia are continuing from St. Petersburg 
by which the maintenance of the Russian 
occupation is said to be justified. 

POLITICAL CHANGES. 

Beilin, June 30. 

The Kaiser will not start for his usual 
Northern trip before the question of the 
change in the post of Chancellor has been 
si tiled. There is no prospect ofa dissolution 
of the Reichstag except in the case that 
the new majority of the Reichstag on the 
. cession <>f the third leading of the Finance 
Reform Bill passes resolutions which arc 
unacceptable to the governments of thet 
Confederate States and lead to opeii 
confl'Ct l>et\veen the Reichstag and tha 
G<>vei ninent. 

FRENCH MERCHANT MARINE. 
The Chamber of Deputies is discussing th* 
Stales Treaty of the Messageries MaritinicJ 



July io, 1 909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



57 



with the Ministry of Finance. The Minister 
^t'or Finance, speaking as to this subject, 
stated that the French merchant marine did 
not take the expected rise in spite of t lie 
above Treaty and urged that another basis 
must be created. He recommends a return 
to the former system of a subvention, which 
is applicable to all classes of ships and is 
subjected to the control of the Government. 

GERMANY AND THE FAKUMEN 
QUESTION. 

Berlin, July I. 

The Koelnische Zeitung, writing semi- 
officially as to the South Mauchurian and 
Fakumen Railways question, objects to the 
statements of the Tacglich RttndscJikau, a 
Berlin paper, that the attitude taken by 
Japan in the above question, is contestable. 
The Koelnische Zeitung states on the con- 
trary that the Railway by viitue of the 
Portsmouth Treaty is the property of Japan 
and that the latter is fully empowered to 
exercise special rights in the railway zone. 
THE REICHSTAG. 

The Reichstag has passed, on the second 
reading, the proposals of the Conservative 
and the Centre with regard to indirect taxes. 
Before the third reading, which will take 
place next week, Prince Buelow will give a 
conclusive speech. 

THE ALLEGED INDISCRETIONS OF 
THE KAISER. 

Berlin, July 2. 
The report, which has also been telegraphed 
to Japan by the correspondent of the HocJii, 
and according to which the Kaiser is said 
to have discussed the Far Eastern question 
with some French guests on the occasion of 
the Regatta at Kiel, is an absolute invention. 
Even the French reports, on which this 
rumour is understood to be based, do not 
contain a single reference to such expressions 
of the Kaiser as are spread by this new 
rumour, the reason being that the statements 
were never uttered. — Le Matin, however, 
quotes in a sensational way the words 
which the Kaiser was said to have uttered 
to a Frenchman at Kiel in the year 1906, 
but which had also been denied afterwards. 
It is evident after all that the new affair has 
been fabricated with wilful malice and mis- 
chief-making tendencies in a certain quarter. 

The Reichstag has passed the new tax 
on beer. 

TO THE POLE BY AIRSHIP. 
Count Zeppelin and Professor Hergesell, 
under protection of the Kaiser, have started 
a new enterprise for exploring the Arctic 
regions by help of an airship. 

THE CRETAN QUESTION. 
The Protective Powers have given promise 
to the Greek Government to open negotia- 
tions as to the Cretan question as soon as 
possible. 

MORE RUSSIAN TROOPS FOR 
PERSIA. 

Russia is preparing a further despatch of 
troops to Persia with regard to the existing 
anarchy. 

ROYAL VISITS POSTPONED. 
The Sultan has adjourned the trip to 
Saloniki, which had. been arranged, and the 
King of Greece has cancelled his visit to 
Pat is. 

The Sublime Porte, with supposed agree- 
ment of Russia, will transfer the construc- 
tion of the railway between Trebizond and 
Erzerum to a British Company. 

Members of the Turkish Parliament will 
pay visits to London and Paris, perhaps also 
to Berlin and Vienna. 



AUSTRIA. 

Berlin, July 3. 
The Hohe Tauern Railway (Middle Al[w) 
is being opened on July 5th. This railway 
is of the highest importance to the commerce 
of Trieste. The Austrian Lloyd is building 
new steamers for its service to East Asia. 
TURKEY. 
The Turkish Government is regarding the 
further development of the Cretan question 
in a quieter manner. A Turkish stationary 
ship will be sent to Crete. 

The Turkish Government is taking strong 
measures for suppressing the Greek bands 
now swarming in Macedonia. The warlike 
preparations against Greece are still con- 
tinued by Turkey. 

PERSIA. 

Martial law has been declared at Teheran 
in Persia, 

Berlin, July 4. 

The Russian Government declares that 
Russian troops will be sent as far as Kazwin 
(80 miles west of Teheran) for the protection 
of the foreign interests, but that those troops 
will be withdrawn as soon as possible. 

Berlin, July 5. 

The Russian Cossack troops in Persia are 
keeping the field against the involutional ies 
in the hope of speedy reinforcements. Eng- 
land is also ready to land troops in Persia. 
GERMANY. 

Berlin, July 3. 

A compromise between the Government 
and the majority of the Reichstag will be 
effected as to Finance Reforms, tin's com- 
promise being already fixed in its essential 
points. The Reichstag will conclude its 
session on July 9th. The tax on tobacco 
has been passed. 

Berlin, July 4. 
The Reichstag has rejected the tax on 
perfumes, but accepted the tax on alcoholic 
spirits. 

The Zeppelin-Hergesell Arctic expedition 
will have for its chief purpose the exploration 
of the Arctic regions, a Zeppelin airship 
being used for surveying work. 

Berlin, Jtly 5. 

The Ministers for Finance of the various 
Confederated States are arriving at Berlin 
for the conclusion of the Finance Reform 
Bill. 

Measures are being taken in Germany 
and France against the danger of cholera, 
which is spreading from St. Petersburg. 

A Zeppelin airship has arrived at Metz. 
SIBERIAN MAILS. 

Siberian mails, with dates up to June 20th 
ex Yokohama, arrived at Berlin on July 
4th. 

GERMANY. 

Berlin, July 6. 

The Kaiser and King of Sweden were 
present at the inauguration of the new ferry 
boat service between Sassnitz (Ruegen) and 
Traelleburg (South coast of Sweden). 

Prince Buelow has refused to be inter- 
viewed as to the situation and has expressed 
his decision to keep strict political silence 
after his resignation. 

The Ministers of the Confederate States 
are discussing the compromise with the 
majority of the Reichstag as to the new 
proposal of taxes on property. 

UNITED STATES. 

It is reported from Washington that Mr. 
Takahira, the Japanese Ambassador, has 
left for home. 

FRANCE. 
A despatch from Paris says that the 
Minister for the Colonies will pay a visit to 
the King of Cambodia. 



GERMANY. 

Berlin, July 7. 
The compromise between the Confederate 
States Government and the majority of the 
Reichstag as to the Finance Reform Bill has 
been concluded. As a new tax, an impost 
on stocks has been added. Prince Buelow 
has given a farewell banquet to the Bun- 
desrat. After his resignation he will go first 
to Norderney, afterwards to Flottbeck, his 
country seat in Holstein, where he will like 
up permanent residence. During the winter, 
however, he will live at Rome. The offet 
of a Reichstag mandate has been refused by 
him. 

Herr Hammann, Privy Councillor and 
Chief of the Press Bureau in the Foreign 
Office at Berlin, who had been charged by 
Professor Bruno Schmitz, the well-known 
Berlin architect and builder of many monu- 
ments, with having committed perjury in 
his divorce-suit, has been fully cleared from 
all suspicion. 

The Koelnische Zeitung in an article on the 
resignation of Prince lto from his post as 
Resident- General of Korea, emphasizes his 
great work on behalf of Japan, Korea and 
all foreign residents in Korea during his 
term of office. 

RUSSIA. 

The Tsar has received at Peterhof a 
special Embassy from China, which present- 
ed to him precious gifts from the Prince 
Regent. 

SWEDEN. 
The Kaiser and King of Sweden, speaking 
on the occasion of the inauguration of the 
ferry boat service between Sassnitz and 
Traelleburg, laid great stress upon the un- 
shakable friendship between their two 
countries. 

ZANZIBAR. 
Slavery has been fully extinguished in 
Zanzibar. 



(From thp. " Asaiii Shimbun.") 
THE U.S. TARIFF BILL. 

THE PROPOSED TEA DUTV. 

New York, June 30. 
On June 30, the amendment providing 
for a io-cent duty on manufactured tea was 
rejected by the Senate committee. The 
indications are that manufactured tea will 
be entirely exempt from duty. 
PRINCE NASHIMOTO'S VISIT TO 
MANCHURIA. 

Dalny, July 5. 
Prince Nashimoto is expected to arrive at 
Harbin, Mukden and Dalny on the 9th, 
nth and 15th or 1 6th instant, respectively. 
PRINCE ITO IN KOREA. 

Seoul, July 5. 
Early this morning Prince lto arrived at 
Masampho, where he received a cordial wel- 
come. He reached the capital at 7 p.m. 
To-morrow he is to be received in audience 
by the Emperor. 

POSTAL AFFAIRS IN CHINA. 

Shanghai, July 5. 
The Imperial Department of Communica- 
tions is reported to have again resolved to 
assume entire control of postal affairs, which 
have hitherto been under the jurisdiction of 
the Customs. 

[This is evidently in pursuance of the Rights Reco- 
very policy, the Customs being under international 
supervision. — Ed. J.M-\ 

TOURISTS MURDERED IN CHINA. 

Shanghai, July 5. 
It is rumoured that a British tourist and 
an Indian have been murdered at Antei, in 
Kansu. 



5$ nmx*znnn*^mat*tott the japan weekly mail. 



[July 10, 1909. 




Began with Teething and Lasted 
Twelve Years— Tried Every imag- 
inable Treatment to No Effect- 
Head and Body a Mass of Humour 
1 — Almost Mad with the Torture. 



CURED IN THREE WEEKS 
BY ONE SET OF CUTICURA 




"My daughter, now thirteen years of 
age, had been a martyr to eczema on 
her body and head 
ever since cutting her 
teeth. We had a doc- 
tor off and on for the 
first five years and 
have been trying dif- 
ferent chemists from 
time to time, using 
many ointments, but 
to no effect. We t ried 
'everything imaginable 
; and only kept hoping 
'( 'I T\ * that she -would out- 
grow it. A t last, after suffering for twelve 
years, her body and head wer e a mass of 
sores and she was almost mad with it. 
Then I sent for a 6et of Cuticura Soap, 
Cuticura Ointment, and Cuticura Besol- 
vent Pills. After ten days' use of the 
Cuticura Remedies she began to get 
better. In three weeks there -was not a 
vestige of eczema left. She onl y took ono 
vial of the Cuticura Pills and we have 
eome of the Soap and Ointment still. 
Mrs. C. Brasier, High St., Godstone, 
Surrey, Aug. 8 and 12, 1907." 

Send to nearest depot for free Cuti- 
cura Book on Treatment of Skin Diseases. 



Torturing, Disfiguring Humours 
Instantly Relieved by Cuticura. 

Evcna single gentleapplication of Cuti- 
cura, the great Skin Cure, preceded by 
a warm bath with Cuticura Soap and fol- 
lowed, when necessary, by mild doses of 
Cuticura Resolvent Pills," affords instant 
relief, permits rest and sleep, and points 
to a speedy cure of the agonizing itching 
and burning of the s.kin, as in eczema; 
the frightful scaling, as in psoriasis; the 
loss of hair and crusting oi scalp, as in 
6called head, and the awful suffering 
of infante and children, as in tetter, or 
ealt rheum. 

Cuticura Remedies arp poM throughout the world. 
Depota; London, 27. Chartcrlioas* Si.; Paris. 3. Ri'o 
de la Pnlx: AnBTrnllii. H. Towns & Co, Sydney; 
Bo. Africa. Lennon, Ltd.. Capetown. < - t<\: U.S.A., 
Potter Drug A Chcm. Corp., sole Prots., Boston. 



LAThS'I COM Mh IK I A I.. 



WOOLLENS AND WOOLLEN MIXTURES. 
Flannels V.0.50 1» .65 

Italian Cloth, 32 in 

Italian Cloth, 36 40 in 

Mousseline <le I .nine, — 1 20-1 40 yards, 
30-32 inches Common to Medium. 
Moussehnes do Laine — 1 20-140 yards 

30-32 incites Good 10 liest 

Cloths — Pilots, Presidents, and Union, 

54 lo 56 inches 

Clot Us — Army CI ->t ! 1 

Cloths— All other 

Blanket's — Assorted, per ITi 

Wool Australian — N >. 1 per lh .. 
»» tf * »j »> ••• •« 

>. 3 » 

Wool, Tientsin — No. 1 per lh 

., 2 „ „ 

11 11 11 3 i» <■ ••• • • 



o 40 In 0 60 
0.40 to 0.55 

0.20 In 0.28 

0.28 [n 11 32 

0 50 to I.50 

o 75 to 2.25 

I.25 to 4 00 
0.70 l<- O.80 
0.60 to o 71 
0.58 to O.64 
o 46 lo 0.55 
0.40 to 0.44 
O.34 to 0.39 
0.25 to 0.30 



MI'/I A I S. 

A little business has been done in Bars a 'd Sheets. 
Iron or .Mild Steel. Bar, Hit, round at PEit I'lCUL. 



square 

Iron 01 Mild Sieel, Plate 

do Sheet 

Galvanised Iron Sheets Corrugated 
d . Flat ... . 

Wiie Nails, Ordinary asso:tments . 

Tin Plates, loihs. I.CAV 

Pig lion, No. 4 *■ Kedcar " ... . 

K KKOSKNft. 
The niaiket is cjuiet. 

Chester 

Victory 

Nonpareil 

lioi neo and Sumatra 

Hokiiyetsu 

Nippon 

Ogura, ■■ . 

Todai 



.Y.365 to 

. 41S to 

5.00 to 
. IO.70 to 
. 1175 to 
. 6.30 to 

7 00 to 
. 2. co to 



..Y.3.73 to 

.. 3.51 to 

.. — to 

,. 2.9c to 

.. 3 30 to 

■• 3 33 "o 

.. 3-5 10 



370 

4 3° 
5.80 
1 1 .co 
1 2.00 
6/0 
7.20 
2.15 



3 90 
3°7 
4.40 

2 94 

3 70 

3-73 
3 7o 
2 39 



A little 
Refined. 



SPG A It. 

business has been done in Hongkong 



Pi own Manila 

Brown China 

White Java 

White Kelined (German) 

(Hongkong) 



No change on 



INDIGO, 
the market. 



PEH l'ICT'L. 
IO 90 to 12 40 

14 40 to 17 40 

1 5 50 to 18 go 
14.80 to 19 80 



There have been 



some pretty fair transactions in artificial d)es. 



IMPORTS. 

The matket for raw cctlon remains inactive, As 
to Yarns and Cott n Piece goods the market quiet 
and home prices are against business here. There 
is almost no business done in Woollens. 

KAW CO f ION. fm mciiL. 

American Middling — 36.50 to 37.50 

Egyptian 47 25 t*> 5" 7o 

Indian Hroach 31 oj to 31.50 

Cltinese (Old Crop) .. — 

Chinese (New crop) 29.00 to 50.00 

COTTON VAUN pur balk. 

Nos. 2/60, Gassed 270.00 to 285.00 

Nos. 2/80, Gassed 3 10 00 Irt 365.00 

Nos. 2/100, Gassed 420.00 to 460.00 

COTTON PIECE GOODS. 



While Shirtings — 50 yds. 36 in. 



. 5.00 to 8.50 
V.4.50 to 6.00 



Grey Shirtings— 9lb, 38^ yds. 45 in.] 

Common lo Medium 

Grey Shirtings— glh, Good to Host J 
Grey Shirtings — 46-48 yds. 44-45 in. 

Ordinary to Medium 4 60 to 6.00 

Grey Shirtings — 46 4S yds. 44-45 in. 

Good to Ilesl 6.10 to 7.50 

Grey Cambrics — 46-48 yds. 45 inches... 6 901011.50 

Prints — 24 yards, 30 inches 3.10 lo 3 60 

Cotton Italians and^Satteens — 32 in. ... o 25 la o 35 
Cotton Italians and Sattcens — ?t>- 4. • m . 0.30 to o 4 > 
Turkey Keds— 2.8 to 3I0 2 1 25 yards, 30 r „ ,„„. 

inch 1 90 to a. 25 

Turkey Reds — 3.8 to 5lh, 24-25 yards, 

32 inches a.ep lo 3.6^ 

Velvets— black, 35 yards, 22 inches ... 11.00 In 15.00 
Victoria I. awns, ta yards, 4s inches ... 0 05 lo 150 

Flannelette 0.15 to 0.30 

Coshnurc 0.85 to o.'/j 



Calcutta fust 

,, second ... 

Java, first 

,, second 

Madias, fust 

,, second ... 
Artificial " horse and 
Artificial " Kenshm " 



lion " brand 



Y'. 240.00 
200 co 
320.00 
280.00 



205 

2. CO 



FLOUR. 

There is little business doing and reliable quota- 
tions ate difficult to obtain. 

Yen. 



. 1 3 00 



Gold Drop 4 sacks ... 

Flag 12 90 

Royal 1 2 60 

Trophy 12.60 

Red Seal 4 sacks 12.60 

Lion 13 70 

Portland 12.70 

Premier I 2 60 

Japanese : — 

Rising Sun 6 kiuamme 2.70 

Takasago 6 ,, 268 

Fuji 6 ,, 2.70 

l ine 6 2.70 

WHEAT. 

No transactions are reported and quotations are 
little more than nominal. 

Yen. 

White Walla Walla, 100 kin 6.60 — 6 70 
Red ,, „ ,, 6 50 — 6.60 
blue Stem 6S; — 7.00 



EXPORTS. 
RAW SILK. 

The quotations aie nominal. A small business 
lias been done. 

On July Sth stocks were: filatures 78^4 bales 
Re-tcels, 200 bales; K.iked.t, 36 bales. 

Filature — Fxtra No. 1, Coar>c — 

Filature— Extra No. 2, Coarse — 

Filature— Yajima Class, Coarse — 

Filature — No. i, I3-I5<len 950 

Filature— No. 1 G. 2, 0-1 iden 1 .005 

Filature — No. I ',-2, lo-I2den 960 

Filptutc— No. i-t )(, I3-I5dcn 910 

Filature — No. IJj-3, 1 1 -13 ilea — 

Kereels — Extr.t — 

Rc peels —No. 1 — 

Kcrcc's— No. \% — 

Uc iccU— No. 2 ... — 



Kakedas — Gold Cup Chop Extra — 

Kakedas —Veiled Woman ; hop No. I ... — 
Kakedas — One Horsehead Chop No. I j{ — 

Kakedas — tit}'. 2 — 

Kakedas — No. 2'j — 

QUOTATIONS ON TJUt EXCHANGE. 

I I Present July August September 

' y delivery, delivery, delivery, delivery. 

yen. yen. yen. yen. 

2nd — — — — 

3'jl 935 9' 3 922 933 

"it'' 935 9'i — 935 

otli 932 — 918 933 

7" l> 933 90s 9'4 933 

8ih 928 898 — 9:7 

WASTE .NII.K. 

The niaiket is very quiet. There has been but 
little business done. 

On July 8th stocks were : Noshi, 1,222 bales 
Kibiso. 1,966 bales; and Sundry, 619 bales. 

QUOTATIONS. 1 

Noshi — Filatures, liest — ( 0 

Noshi — Filatures, Good to 

Noshi — Oshiu, Good to 

Noshi — Oshiu, Medium to 

Noshi — Oshiu, Inferior — lo — 

Noshi — Shinshin, liest to 

Noshi — Shinshin, Good lo 

Noshi — Hushiit,(or Joshu) Good 90 lo 95 

Noshi — Hii«hiu, fur (oshu) Medium 85 to 90 

Noshi — I'.iishiu, (or joshu) Inferior 6510 80 

Kibiso — Filatures/Best 10 

Kibiso — Filatures, G >od II/lo 122 

Kibiso — Hlalures, M»dium U>7 to 112 

Kib.so — Fi'atures, b fenor 95 10 105 

Kcrecl— Fair, t 0 

Reicel — He-t to — 

Kereel — Good to - 

Rereel — Medium to 

1 1 A liUTA E. 

The market is still weak and no impoiiaul trans- 
actions have laker, place. 

" 1'INK-I.KWK.S " MAKK. (HCKUl.) 

6 me. 6' 2 "te. 7 me. 7^ me, & me. 

Inches. Yen. Yen. Yen. Yen. Yen. 

12 % A" 8.55 845 845 8.55 8.50 

27" S.50 8.25 8.15 8.15 S25 

36'' 8.55 8.35 8.10 8.05 805 

" UOLU " MAKK. 

4, 'i we. til me. 5 me. me. 

Incites Yen. Yen. Yen. Yen. 

22K" 8.15 8.25 Si 5 7.85 

27" 8.15 7.95 7.95 780 

36" 8.1; 7.95 7.85 775 

KAWAMATA. 

3 me. 3'i me. 4 we. 4)! we. 

Inches. V^en. Yen. Yen. Yen. 

19J2 760 S 10 o.fo 950 

22'z S.oo S.70 9.S0 10.70 

27 — jo.60 11.50 1300 

36 — — 1440 1590 

COPPER. 

The quotation has fallen since last week and the- 
niaiket shows a tendency to slacken. 

Accoiding to a London telegram of July 7th, the 

quotation was ,£57.10.0. 

Refined per 100 kin Yen 43 50 — 45.00 

Pessetner per 100 kin " 3S.50 — 40.00 

Electric refined per 100 kin " 4700 — 50.00 

Ore " 2S.50— 32.00 

TKA. 

The second crop has made its appearance, but 
showing ihe same faults as the first. The market 
prices have gone down a little. From the first offer- 
ing of new tea in Yokohama up to July Sth, the sales 
amounted to 6,160,403 kin. The slock on Thursday 
aggregated 190,400 kin. 

QUOTATIONS. 

Choicest Y. — — 

Choice — — 

Finest — — 

Fine 36 — 38 

Good Medium 34 — 35 

Medium 32 — 33 

Good Common 30 — 31 

Common 28 — 29 

COTTON YARN. (Osaka.) 
The quotation shows a tendency to decline. 
Delivery. Yen. 

July 127.85 

August 127.05 

September 127.05 

RICE. 

Ow ing to bad weather, the market is nrni, though 
the quotation is liable to fluctuate. 

bags. 

Domestic rice in Fukagawa 1,014.3:3 

Foici-n lice in Fuka^awa 140,^93 



July 10, 1909.] 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



Delivery. Closing Price. 

July 13 79 

August 14 16 

September 14 38 

RICK AT WHQI.ESAI.E: .STANDARD PRICE. 

(Tokyo.) per froku. 

Superior Yen 1470 

Medium 

Common 

Average 

(Osaka.) 

July 13-57 

August >3 92 

September ... 14.10 



13.70 
12 70 
'3-70 



(Kobe.) 

July 

August 13.87 

September... 14.07 



13.4S 



EXCHANGE. 

Yokohama July 8 
London silver '/ s lower and China sterling quota- 
lions («} l /% lower have caused a conesponding 
advance in local rates on China. 

Bank I ,T *h''A 

— Bills 011 demand •■"'/a 

_ — 4 months' sight 

Private 4 months' sighi * 0% 

— 6 months' sight j oJ-J 

Paris* Lyons —Bank sight 2 57# 

Private 4 months' sight 262 

Hongkong -Hank sighl r>e« |ioo 85 J£* 

_ Private 10 days, sight do 83S* 
Shanghai— Bank sight ...87^* 

— Private 10 days' sight 89" 

India -Bank sight I535i 

Private 30 days' sight ! 55# 

America — Bank fight WV& 

_ Private 30 days' sight 50^ 

_ Private 4 months' sighl S'/S^X 

(;ernianT —Bank sight 209 

— Private 4 months' sight 213 

Har Silver (London* 23'$ 

" Nominal. 





„A!I 


>'/ lAMI'HS 










\ t 


M A 1 1 Is 1 k 1 1 1 










Line. 


Strainri 


1 


a 1 < 




Hongkong. 


..P. M 


. Korea 


Sa 


July! 


10 


mope 


..N. DA.. 


.Kliest 


Su 


July 


1 1 




..P M 


, Manchuria 


Su 


July 


1 1 


Hongkong. 


..C. P. R.. 


..Em. of China 


Tti 


July 


•3 




,.M M ... 


, .Ernest Simons 


Tu. 


July 


'3 


Hongkoi-g 


..B L.... 


Oceano 


F 


July 


16 


America.... 


,.T. k. ft. 


. Chiyo Maru 1 


Sa. 


July 


•7 


Hongkong. 


..! K K .. 


. Nippon Main 


tu 


July 


20 


Hongkong. ..N.Y.K... 


.Tango Main 


Tu. 


July 


20 






Aymeiic 


W 


July 


2 1 


Seattle .... 


..N.Y.K.. 


..Kaga Main 


Th. 


July 


22 


Vancouver. 


v h . 


..Em. of J >pan 


\V 


July 


28 



1 Left San Francisco on the 29th ult. 










N KX t 


M A 1 1 ! !• A V H M 










1 .ine 




1 








M M . . . . 


Armand Behic 


Sa 


Julv 


10 




.P. M 


..Korea 


Su 


July 


1 1 


Sh.ing.iiiM . 


,.N Y K 


Chikuzen Main 


Su 


July 


1 1 


Hongkong. 


.P. M ' 


Manchuria 


M 


July 


12 


Hongkong. 


.N.Y.K.. 


..Ceylon Mam 


M 


July 


12 


V a ir; i.nv ei . 


,.L. IV P.. 


. Em. ol China 


Tu 


July 


'3 




N Y K 


. Kamo Matu 


W 


July 


<4 




N I) I 


. Kliest 


Sa 


Julv 


17 




.. B L... 


Oc eano 


Sa 


July 


17 


Hongkong. 


.T. K. K. 


,.Chi\o Maru 


M. 


July 


19 




IK K . 


. Nippon Maru 


W 


July 


21 


T--j;!;f .... 


..N Y K 


. Taigo Mi«i i< 


w 


July 


21 


Hongkong. 


M L .... 


. Aymeric 


Th 


luiy 


22 




,N \ K . 


. Yawata M. 111 


sa 


July 


24 




.R & S... 


. Titan 


Su 


July 


25 


America.... 


..C. R.... 


..A'ral Foiuichon 


F 


Aug 


20 


H •■^kwie 


t. i Ui, 


Em. of Japan 


VV 


July 


28 


Seattle .... 


..g. n.... 


..Mlnnooi., 


Th 


Aug 


'9 















LATEST SHIPPING. 



ARRIVALS. 

Tenshin Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,580, G. C. 

Hurry, 1st July, — Otaru via poits, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Ningchow, British steamer, 5725, H. L Allen, 1st 

July, — Tacotna and Victoria, Mails and General. 

— Buttei field and Swire. 
Prittz Sigisrnund, Geiman steamer, 1,844, D. Lenz, 

2nd July, — Melbourne via por.s, Mails and Gene- 
ral — H. Ahrens & Co , Nachf. 
Heririk Ibsen, Norwegian steamer, 2,960, Stardwitz- 

2nd July, — Hongkong via poits, Mails and Gene, 

ral. — P. & A. S.S. Co. 



Peleus, Biiiish steamer, 4800, W. T. Hannah, 2nd 
July, — Vladivostock, General. — Btitterfield & 
Swire. 

Sambia, Geiman steamer, 3,001, Muller, 2nd July, — 
Hamburg via poits, General. — C. lilies & Co 

MihcmfaMaru, Japanese steamer, 1,853, Asakawa, 
2nd July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Kasuga Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,368, R. Swain, 
2nd July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Otaru Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,551, E. Mmai, 
2nd July, — Otaru, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Kenan Maru. Japanese steamer, 858, Aihatsu, 2nd 

Juth, — VYjikamatsu, Iron. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Euplectela, British tank steamer, 2,507. T. Powell, 

3rd July. — Singapoie via Awomoii, Oil. — Samuel 

Samuel & Co. 
Tjikini, Dutch steamer, 3 014,, H. Koops, 3rd July, 

— Macassar via poits, General. — Ed. L. van 

Nieiop & Co. 
Benvoirlich, British steamer, 2,164, Callev, 3rd July, 

— London via ports, General, — Comes & Co. 
Myrmidon, British steamer, 3,(63, Yarwood, 3rd 

July, — Glasgow and Liverpool via ports, General. 

— Buiterfield & Swire. 
Hirosliima Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,03:, S. Mura- 

zumi, 3rd July. — Otaiu v,a pous, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Kokura Maru, Japanese steamer, i,6;o, T. Teiada, 

3rd July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Matoppo, British steamer, 3,420, \Y. H. Dormant), 

4th July, — New Yotk via ports, Geneial. — Sale 

& Frazar. 

Shinano Mar u, Japanese steamer, 3 960, K. Kawara, 
4th July, — Hon kong via poits, Mails & General. 
— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Numaniia. Geiman steamer, 2,806, Feldtmann, 4th 
July, — Hongkong via potts, Mails and General, 
— C. lilies & Co. 

Dunbar, Biiiish steamer, 2,410, Martin, 5th Jul)', — 
Sfax, Phosphate. — Samuel Samuel & Co. 

Mishima Maru, Japanese steamer, 5,271, A. K. 
Moses, Antwerp and London via poits, Geneial. 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Miike Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,060, F. H. Fegen, 
5th July, — Kobe, Genetal. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Keelung Mam, Japmese steamer, 1.669, Yama- 
moto, 5th July, — Taiien, General. — Osaka Sho- 
sen Kaisha. 

China, American steamer, 3,186, 1). E. Fiiele, 5th 

July, — San Francisco via Honolulu, Mails and 

General. — P. M. S.S. Co. 
Minnesota, American steamer, 13.323, Chas. Austin, 

71 h July, — Seattle, Wash., Mails and General. — 

G. N. S.S. Co. 
Matsuyama Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,959, Y. 

Nomina, 7th July, — Otaiu via ports, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Empress 0/ India, British steamer, 3,003, E. Beetham, 

8th Julv, — Vancouver, B.C., Mails and General. 

— C. P. R. Co. 
Awa Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,912, A. Keith St h, 

July, — London and Antwerp via ports, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
he Maru, Japanese steamer, 775, Tsuda, 8th July, — 

Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 



Mikawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,853, Asakawa. 

4th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Chikugo Maru, Japanese steamer. 1,458,8. C. Hiort- 

dahl, 4th July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and 

General, — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Hirosliima Maru, Japanese sieamer, 2,035, S< Mura- 

zumi, 4th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Kaisha. 

Otaru Maru, Japanese sieamer, 973, 4th July,— ■ 

Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
.Xin^chozo, Biiiish steamer, 5,721;, H. L. Allen, "4th 

July, — Marseilles, Havie and Liverpool via ports, 

General — Butterlield & Swire. 
Sambia, German steamer, 3,011, Mueller, 4th July, 

Moji, — General. — C, lilies & Co. 
Peleus, British steamer, 4.8;o, \V. T. Hannah. 4th 

July, — Genoa, Marseilles and Liveipool via posts, 

Geneial. — Buttei field and Swire. 
Euplectela, British steamer, 2,507, P. Powell, 5th 

July, — Singapore. — Samuel Samuel & Co. 
lienvolich, British steamer, 2,164, Calley, 5th July, 

— Moji. — Conies & Co. 
Iki, Japanese coast defence ship, 9,700, Capt. S. 

Tsukiyama, 6th July, — Yokosuka. 
Kokura Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,610, T. Terada, 

6th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Tjikini, Dutch steamer, 3,014. H. Koops, 6th July, 

■ — Macassar via pons, General. — Ed. L. van 

Nierop & Co. 

Shinano Matu, Japanese steamer, 3.960, K. Kawa- 
ra, 6th July, — Seattle, Wash., Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Chikuzen Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,458, S. Wada, 
6th July, — Shanghai via poits, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha 

Segura, British steamer, 3,000, Richard Hayes, 6th 
July, — Londod and Continent via ports, General.— 
Samuel Samuel & Co. 

Kawaclii Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,782, H. Peter- 
son, 7th July, — London and Antwerp via ports, 
General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

China, American steamer, 3,186, D. E. Fiiele, 7th 
July,- — Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. — 
P.M. S.S. Co. 

Myrmidon, British s earner, 3^63, Yarwood, 8th 
July, — Saigon. — Buttei field & Swire. 

Kasu'f[Q Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,368, R. Swain, 
8th July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Empress of India, British steamer, 3,003, E. Beetham, 
8th July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. -C. P. R. Co. 



DEPARTURES. 
Dakota//, Biitish tank steamer, 2,593, W. A. Ross, 
30th June, — San Francisco, General.— Standaid 
Oil Co. 

Hakuai Maru, Japaifese steamer, 1,434, T. Irisawa, 
1st July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Oriental, Bi itish steamer, 3,085, A. I. Valenluii, 1st 
Julv, — Shanghai via por s, Mails and Geneial. — 
P. & O. S.N. Co. 

Colombo Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,920, E. Combes, 
2nd July, — Oiaru via ports, Geneial. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Tenyo A laru, Japanese steamer, 7,265, Finest Bent, 
2nd July, — San Francisco via Honolulu, Mails 
and General. — Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 

Zens kin Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,580, G. C Hum , 
3rd July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Prinz Sigismund, German steamei, 1,844, Lenz, 3rd 

Julv,- Sydney and Melbourne via poits, Mails aad 

General. — H. Alliens & Co., Nachf. 
Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian steamer, 2,960, Standwilz, 

3rd July, — Portland, Or., Mails and Geneial. — P. 

& A. S.S. Co. 
Gleuesk, Biitish steamer, 2,275, J"°- Rafferty, 31 d 

July, — London via ports, Geneial. — Jardine, 

Matheson & Co. 
Persia, Austrian steamer, 3,842, P. Giuigevidi, 31 d 

luiy, — Tiieste and Fiuuie via ports, General. — 

H-ller Bros. 

Yorck, Geiman steamer, 5,133, J. Randermann, 
3id July, Bremen and Hamburg via ports, — Mails 
and General,— H. Alliens & Co., Nachf. 



PASSENGERS. 

ARRIVED. 

Per American steamer China from San Francisco 
via Honolulu : — Mr. C. Cabeldu, Mrs. A. Cabeldu, 
Miss M. J. Coursen, Mr. Wm. Dunlop, Miss Marie 
Durst, Mr. Edmund Eggli, Mr. E. A. Kilbourne, 
Mrs. E. A. Kilbourne. Mr. Edwin Kilbourne, Miss 
Esiher L. Kilbourne, Miss L. A Little, Mr. I. Oinura, 
Mr. Chas. A. Raymond, Mrs. Chas. A. Raymond, 
Mr. T. Saiki, M-. II. A. Sommer, Mrs. H. A. Som- 
mei, Mrs. L. M, Wilson. Miss Mary Better, Rev. E. 
W. Twing, wife and 2 childten and maid, Miss 
Maud Kinney, Miss Minnie Chipman, Mr. E. W. 
Coffin, Miss Alice Smith and Miss Pearl Wills. For 
Kobe : — Mr. B. l aklanoff and Mr. B. W. Waters, 
Jr. For Shanghai : — Mr. Chwang Yu Hu, Miss Ray 
Lewis, Mr. Jas. B. Leavell, Mis. Jas. B. Leavell and 
infan', Mis* Mab I Richardson, Mr. A. N. Sheldon, 
Mr. Fred Summers, Mr. B. P. Yung and Mr. P. 
McLean. F r Hongkong .—Miss Bacon, Mrs. P. 
Bennett, Miss Mabel Chubb, Mr. Chas. H. Coiley, 
Miss M. I. Danmh, Miss T. Doran, Mr. R. E. 
Glkksberg, Mr. C. H. Goebel, Miss L. Haideman, 
Mr. Alva J. Hill, Mrs. Alva J. Hill, Miss M. G. 
Hobson, Miss Virginia Jameson, Miss Lois Jameson, 
Miss E. ,\. Kinne, Miss M. S. Koch, Mr. W. S. 
M( Kaig, Miss Hazel McGraw, Miss Peier H. Mc- 
Nellis, Miss Inez McOuiddy. Miss M Munin, Miss 
Phoebe Bieice, Mr. ".1. Allen Bresby. Mrs. W. O. 
Piuitt and iiif lit, Mrs. B. Seal, Mr. Robert Sherman, 
Mr. Geo. H. Swift, Mrs. Geo. H. Swift, Miss Hen- 
rietta Wade, Miss Mary M. Cooke, Mr. F. Dubois, 
Mrs. Z. L. Heinizen and Mr. B. Markham in cabin. 

Per American steamer Minnesota from Seattle, 
Wash. :— Mrs. G. H. Ball, Mr. G. G. Ball, Miss W. 
K. Miller. Miss E. Cornish, Mr. I. Kita, Miss M. 
Ball, Miss B. Fenton. Mr. R. de Lobel, Mr. T. 
Wa'anabe, Mi. J. F. Lee and Mr. T. Age. For 
Kobe:— Mr. W. B. Hauison and Mrs. W. B. Har- 
rison. Ft* r Shanghai : — Mis. W. J Cox, Mr. C. K. 
Johnson, Miss M. B. Naylor and Mr. L. Dyson. 
For Manila : -Mr. F. J. Dollinger, Mr. S. B. Bras- 
hear, Mr. H M. Put, Mis. Pitt and 3 children. Mr. 
J A. Tiffany, Mr. G. E. Carrothers, Mr. W. E. 
Crowe, Mrs. S. Moieland and 2 chikhen, Mr. W. E, 
Stiibling, Mi. H. E. Cannichael, Mr, R. A. Shope, 
Lieut. A. Sidling, U.S.A., Mr. P. Sindigo, Mr. A. 
Ramoro, Mr. S. Dinoso, Mr. R, Licup, Dr. A. C. 
G.mon, Mr. H. G. Cox. Mr. R. Walworth, Mrs. H 
Schotswell and child, Mr. W. A. Keir, Mr. J. Serratt' 
Mr. H. W. Deen, Mis. R. O. Monn, Mr. C. E' 



60 «|t*x+3A*B«SWMWf THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL 



[July 10, 1909. 



McAdam, Mr. G. R. Wilson, Mr. R. W. Boughton, 
Mr. E. P. Sheehan, Mr. F. O. Freemyer, Mr. R. R. 
Faison, Mr. J. R. Haynes, Mr. J. A. Latham, Mr. J. 
Teodoro, Mr. Maceda, Mr. R. J. Martines, Mr. M 
M. Oat", Mrs. A. C. Garton, Mr. L. Hinman, Mrs. 
R. Walworth and Mrs. E. S. Schefield and child. 
For Hongkong : — Mr. J. W. Dorris, Mrs. Dorris, 
Miss Ruth Dorris, Miss Roma Dorris, Miss f. K. 
Greenlee, Miss B. Kilgour, Miss Ch. Ober, Mrs. W. 
O'Brien, Miss O. Powles. Mr. A, M. Stevenson. Dr 
S. D. Hopkins, Miss D. Annar. Miss J. G. Hope, 
Miss H. McCanley, Miss R. Rudberg, Miss E. S. 
Yule, Mr. N. Niehong, Mr. S. Dang. Mrs. J. O. 
Middleton, Mrs. M. J. Powles, Mr. W. Wallace, Mrs. 
W. Wallace and E. Wallace in cabin. 

Per British steamer Empress rf India from Van- 
couver, B.C. : — Commander F. Acton, Mrs. J. C. 
Boyes, Miss A. B. Berber, Mr. R. R. Home, Rev. 
Louie Hugh, Mr. K. Inouye, Mr. A. A. Kramer, Mrs. 
A. A, Kramer, Mr H. F. Lavvson, Mr. Lobenstein, 
Mrs. Lobenstein, Miss Lobenstein, Miss C. F. Noel, 
Mr. R. Onishi, Mr. Reigo Sana, Mr. R. P. Sheldon, 
Mr. G. A. Sun. Mr. L. A. Susdoi ff, Mr. J. A. St. 
Julien, Mr. E. E. White and Miss Bangs in cabin. 

DEPARTED. 

Per British steamer Oriental for Shanghai : — Mr. 
and Mrs. Theo. L. Barret, Mr. and Mrs. F. Lewis, 
Mr. F. W. Franks, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Lamprey, Mr. 
W. D. Little, Mr. W. M. Dempster, Mr. A. Gese 
n cabin and 70 Chine se passengers. 

Per Japanese steamer Tenyo Marti, for San Fran- 
cisco via Honolulu : — Capt. J. W. Barnes*, U.S.A., 
Miss C. M. Beach, Mr. H. N. S. Boerma, Mr. Robert 
S. Browne, Mr. A. Oanepa, Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Cole, 
Mrs. W. C. Coming. Mies O. Corning, Miss Bertha 
Clauson, Mrs. W. J. Cuthbert, Mr. C. da Pra, Mr. 
R. H. Dickeson, Mr. A. Dierig, Mr. A. K. Doe, Mrs. 
iL. B. Doe, Miss D. Doe, Miss A. Doe, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. P. Eager, Commander E. Fujiwara, Mr. Allan L. 
Green, Mrs. L. E. Gurley, Miss Gurley, Mr. Geo. V. 
Hayes, Capt. S. Hentzelman, U.S.A., Mr. S. Ida, Mr. 
and Mrs Elmer Jones. Mrs. C. S. Jones, Admiral 
Jewell, L'.S.N., Mis. Jewell, Mr. Geo. D. Latimer, 
Lieut. -Col. John A. Lejeune, Mrs. John A. Lejeune, 
Miss E. M. Lejeune, Miss L. T. Lejeune, Miss E. D. 
Lejeune, Rev. and Mrs. D. W. Mai shall and 2 child- 
ren, Mr. A. Messinger, Mr. J. Miller, Rev. D. B. S. 
Morris, Mr. and Mis. J. R. Morse, Major L. H. 
Mosses, U.S. A , Miss E. M. Mosses, Mr. K. Negishi, 
Mr. H. Nose, Mrs. C. Payne, child and rrative ser- 
vant, Mr. Oliver H. Perkins, 
Major W. G. Powell, U S.A.. 
Mr. F. Rehse, Minister W. W, 
Rockhill, Mr. T. Rushmore, 
Mr. F. H. Sheets, Mrs. F. H. Sheets, Mr. J. Shimano, 
Mr. T. Shiraki, Mr. C. F. Smith, Mr. W. I. Smith. 
Miss M. Stow, Mrs. K Suwa, Mr. G. Takishi, Mr. 
M. Tairiai, Mr. H. Toebehnann, Mr. Albert von 
Bachruch, Biron G. von Ruexleben, Rev. R. A. 
Walke Miss Maud Wheeler, Mr. S. Yamawaki and 
Mr. S. Yasuda. — in cabin. 

Per German steamer Yorck for Bremen and 
Hamburg via ports: — Mr. Heinrich Maerz and 
amah, Mr. and Mrs. F. Wolff, Mr. F. B. Abenheim 
and servant. Mr. G. Roeper, Mr. H. Treichler, Mr. 
Lekmann, Mr. A. Huttman, Mrs. M. Maeiz and 
children and amah, Mr. A. Rosenfeld, Mr. E. B. 
Bruce, Mr. Paul Schimmelbusch, Mrs. R. Dunne. 
Hans Gerhardt, Mr. W. A. cle Havilland, Mr. Han* 
Gerhardt, Mr. F. Pawell. Mr. P. F. Kum. Mr. and 
Mrs. I'atell. Miss S. Buettner, Mr. F. K. Doliitle, Mr. 
Mr. Rob Cha naye, Mr. F. Homuth, Mr. K. Van, 
Mr. H. W. Yan, Mr. S. S. Oh, Mr. Loo Hien Vee, 
Mr. Loo Buck Yee, Mr. Loo Ouen Lun, M . Chian 
Bon Yun, Mr. W. S. Ran, Mr" and Mrs. C. F. Yip 
and children, Mr. C. F. Hoh. Mr. Pong Sone, Mr. 
Wong Ming Tong, Mrs. Wong Ming Tong, 1 boy 
and 1 girl, Mr Ro Men, Mr. Wong Mu, Mr. M. H. 
Wong, Mr. B. Y. Sob, Mr. B. C. Uian^, Mr. N oting 
Bing Hing, Mrs. Smith's amah, Mr. Lai Cheun 
Lin, Mr. Young Lok, Mr. Chan Yok Dick. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dine Yi, G i and children, Mr. Go Tze Tsum, 
Mrs. So Sok Yank, Mrs. Cham Tze Yon, Mrs. Fong 
Ming Clill, Mr. So Bing Lum and Mr. MahmooJ 
Khan in cabin. 

Per American steamer China for Hongkong via 
ports: — Mr. B. Baklanolf, Mr. Chwang Y11 Hu. Miss 
Ray Lewis, Mr. Jas. B. Leavell, Mis. J.is. B.. Leavell 
and infant, Mi>s Bacon, Mrs. P. Bennett, Miss 
Mabel Chubb, Mr. Chas. H. Corley. Miss M. I. 
Danutli, Miss T. Doran, Mr. B. E. Glicksberg, Mr. 
C. H. Goebel. Miss L. Hardeman. Mr. Alva J. Hill, 
Mrs. Alva J. Hill, Miss M G. Ilobson, Miss Virginia 
Jameson, Mi^s Lois Jameson, Miss Edna Jameson, 
Miss K. A. Kinne, Miss Hary M. Cooke. Mi, F. 
Dubois, Mr. |ose Lopez. Mi. J Keegan, Mr. H J. 
Rosencrantz, Mi. B. W. Waters, J ( ., Miss Mabel 
Richardson, Mr. A. N. Sheldon, Mr. Fred Summers, 
Mr. B. P. Yung. Mr. P. McLean. Miss M. S. Knch, 
Mr. W. S McKaig, Miss Hazel Mr ".raw, Mr. Peter 
H. McNellis, Miss Inez McQuiddy, Miss M. Muitin, 
Miss Phoebe I'ierco, Mr. S. Allen I'resby, Mrs W. 
O. Pruill and infant. Mis. B. Se«l. Mr. Robert Sher- 
man, Mr. Geo H. Sw ft, Mrs Geo. H. Swift, Miss 
Hi Wade, Mrs. X. L lleint/en, Mr, B. Markhani. 




Mrs. J. D. Perkins, 
Mrs. W. G. Powell, 
Rockhill. Mrs. W. W. 
Mrs. T. Rushmore, 



0 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 




7 a f«3 



By Royal Warrant 
to H.M. THfi KING. 







is 
□ 
h 
fl 
H 
H 
B 
S 
5 
5 
is 
H 
B 
H 
H 

H 

0 □ 

00000Ef00ElfZ30000000E50000000001S 

Mr. Thos. J. Bark ley, Mrs. Thos. J. Barkley and Mr. 
W. S Berkley, in cabin. 



SILK SHIPPERS. 
Per British steamer Oriental for Shanghai 



gives a delightfully appetizing 
flavour to all Meat Dishes, Fish, 
Soup, Game, Cheese and Salad, 
and assists digestion. 

The Original & Genuine Worcestershire. 



Raw Silk. 
France, 



Waste Sillc. IVigars 
France. Trieste* . France. 



L. Mcttet 27 

Jeweit & Bent 20 

'Jardine Malheson 

j & Co 52 

• Sulzer Rudolph & 

Co 20 

Hara Yushitsuten... 1 5 
Vaienne & Co. ... to 
Bavier & Co — 

"44 



40 



42 



"7 



Per BrtiilA steamer Simla for London and ] 
Antwerp via pons: — 

Waste Silk 

Kngland trance. Italy. t'nmhay. | 

CI. Eymard — 212 — — 



Total 



Per German steamer Yctckiox Bremen and Ham 
burg via poiis : — 

RAW, WASTE. 



Sibei Wolf & Co.... 3* — 

Sieber & Co 7 — 

Nahliolz&Go 10 — 

Slllzer Kudotpll &CO.I75 — 



2 ~. 




"Here's to the health of every 
man, woman, and child in the 

11 1 BOVRIL 



Total 



Silk shippers In >///>/.»//<> Mnr:i. for Seaitle. on 
the 6th June : — Bales, 

China & Japan Trading Co 11 j 

F. Strahlei Cfc Co 55 

Sil>er. WoliT & Co 20 

Vivanti Bros ,. 20 

Mitsui BtiMan Kni*ba 154 

Kino Gomei Kai-h.i 30 



Total. 



4'4 



C* t « H — M ft ff) 

■MAlMlf7A * ^ rtyn- 

B <r r r fl rtf ill T H i t i 8 
* » >> * — * ft N8 it 



»*«h A REVIEW OE JAPANESE COMMERCE, POLITICS, LITERATURE, ANO ART. 



No. 3. 



HBOISTBI1HD AT THB G.P.O. 
AS A NH WSP APBR . 



YOKOHAMA, JULY 17x11, 1909. 



vol. Lir. 



tvMims. 



Summary of News 

K orea 

Hawaii 

China 

The Chinese Army and Nary 

Fertilizers , 

The Hydro-Electric Power Company 

A Japanese Hani; in Manchuria 

The Fakumen Railway Question 

The Sugar Scandal 

Manchuria 

The Yalu Lumber Trouble 

Mr. Miiuma< hi . 

The Questions Between China anil Japan 

Another Case of Bribery and Corruption 

Hsinniintnu and Mukden 

The Russian Tourists 

Cotton Yarns 

The Tokyo Railway 

The House of Peers 

Foreign Trade 

The Yat'gtsz 

The Weather 

The Railway Purchase Loan 

Max Nortlau's Politeness 

The " K.yori Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha " 

The Bomb Throwing in Peking 

The Tokyo S'ock Exchange ; , 

1 he Hongkong and Shanghai Bank 

Notes on v uir nt F.vents ... 

The Bookshelf 

The Imperial Press Conference 1 

Leading Articles : — 
The Evolution and Influence of Dreadnought Type 
The Limitation of Armaments — Is it a Dream ? .. .. 

Grundstiick ... 

Sound Financing of Joint-Stock Company 

Siberian Butter Exports , 

li Kamon-no-Kami 

Death of Captain of the 11 Minnesota" 

The Siberian Trip 

Our St Petersburg Letter ... ... 

Criclet Ground Question 

'1 he O S.K. 's Accounts 

Trade in Human Bones 

Cricket 

The Object Lessen of Tokyo 

Nati nal Defence 

What is Colour Blindness? 

Notice to Mariners 

Yokohama 

Disgraceful Incident it Osaka Commercial Museum . 

The French National Holiday 

Crown Princess in Yokohama 

Johnson's Insulting Challenge 

Yachting 

The United States and China 

The Prince , 

News of the Week 

Correspondence : — 

Nationali/'-U Railway Bonds 

The Late Dr. Sakawa 

Postal Information 

Telegrams 

Laiest Commercial 

1 atest Shipping 



6i 

6i 
"4 

. «5 
65 
65 
66 

, e6 

. 06 
67 
08 
. 68 
. 63 
. 63 
. 6S 
. 6? 
. 6c 
. 6, 
. 69 
. 69 
. 69 

• 69 
. 60 

• 70 

■ 7° 

• 70 

• 70 

■ 7o 

• 7° 

• 70 
7' 



... 81 
... 82 
... 83 
... 86 
... 87 



Local Court, and the defendant was declared to 
be " not guilty." 

Sir Claude MacDonald, the British Ambassador 
to Japan, is expected to arrive in Tokyo from 
England about the 15th prox. 

On July 10, four waggons of a goods train were 
derailed at Takahama, through the carelessness 
of a pointsman. No casualties are reported. 

Owing to the recent long-continued rain, some 
300 dwelling houses on the outskirts of Asakusa- 
ku in Tokyo have been flooded to their floors. 

W. D. Haywood, the socialist lecturer, was 
arrested twice in Seattle last month for violating 
the state and cigarette law, which went into effect 
on June 9. 

On the 10th instant a girl of ten committed 
suicide by lying down in front of an approaching 
train and being run over at Kanasugi Hama-cho, 
Shiba, Tokyo. 

It is reported that a fine being the only punish- 
ment Mr. Sudzuki, ex-Mayor of Yokosuka, is 
liable to, the people of that town have commenced 
canvassing for his re-election. 

The Chinese Government is understood to be 
carefully examining the terms of the treaties 
under which Port Arthur, Kiaochow, and 
Weihaiwei were leased to foreign Powers. 

In a quarrel over a woman, M. Marikawa and Y. 
Namakura, two Japanese, fought a desperate pistol 
duel at Visalia, last month. Quarreling gave place 
to shooting at eacli other with the result that 
both were killed. 

A Yonfzawa telegram says that on July 12 
some 40 feet of the Itaya Tunnel of the Imperial 
railway collapsed, owing to the recent long- 
continued rain. Communication was interrupted 
for several hours. 



■« pais en o«'« riois: adviknnk Oms poUkka!" 

NOTICK 'JO CO l( K KSr"( )N DliNT.S. 
No notice will belaUen of anonymous correspondence, 
What is intended for insertion in the "Japan Wkkki.Y 
Mail "must lie anthem icaled l>y I lie name and address 
of the writer, not for nulilical ion, hut as a guarantee of 
gooil faith. 

It is particularly requested that all letters on business 
be addressed to t he M A nai;i<'K , and Cheques lie made 
payable to same; and that literary com ribul ions be 
addressed to the Kditok 



Yokohama: Saturday, Julv 171H, 1909. 



DEATH. 

Mary Bryant Daniels, of the American Board 
Mission, died at her home in Osaka on July 8th. 



SUMMARY OF NEWS. 



Further landslides have occurred near Akeshima 
Railway Station, delaying the traffic. 

A Marathon race, at Hull, last month, resulted 
in the death of a well-known local athlete. 

The death is announced of Miss Mary Bryant 
Daniels, of the Ameiican Mission at Osaka, on 
the 8th inst. 

Mrs. Bethell, widow of the late Mr, E. T. 
Bethell, will, says the Seoul J'ress, shortly leave 
Korea for home. 

This year the summer fete at Ryogoku, Tokyo, 
will be held on the 7th proximo, or, in the event 
of rain, on the 8th. 

On July 12, the Tokyo Appeal Court quashed a 
sentence of penal servitude for life which had 
been imposed upon an incendiary by the Nagano 



On July io, fire broke out at a lumber factory in 
Iwanisawa, Hokkaido. Three buildings of the 
factory and one ordinary dwelling house were 
destroyed befoie the fire was extinguished. The 
damage is estimated at yen 30,000. 

The so-called Fuji Season has now commenced. 
It is most convenient for visitors from Tokyo and 
Yokohama to go up by the track from Subashiri 
which is about smiles from Gotemba. It takes 
about 6 hours to reach Subashiri from Tokyo 
by train and tramcar. 



A certain Judge Dugro, of New York, has ruled 
that wrongful imprisonment in the case of a negro 
is less humiliating than it would be in the case of 
a white man. Dangerous utterances are more 
regrettable in the case of a judge than in the case 
of a less exalted individual. 



On the 12th instant, Captain Sato, belonging to 
the Fourteenth Battlion of the Transport Corps of 
the Fourteenth Division, stationed at Utsunomiya, 
was committed for trial by Court Martial. It is 
alleged that he has received from the Fuji-gumi 
bribes amounting in all to nearly yen 1,000. 

On July ro, when a goods train from Yokogawa 
was passing through the tunnel near Karuizawa, 
three trainmen, two of whom were stokers, became 
insensible. The intense heat is given as the 
cause, but whether it was heat or gas, defective 
ventilation was undoubtedly responsible for it. 

In the matches played on July 5, 6 and 7 : 
Lancashire beat Surrey at Manchester by an in- 
nings and 185 ; Yorkshire defeated Notts at 
Bradford by four wickets ; Kent beat Worcester- 
shire at Worcester by an innings and 33 runs ; 
Noithamptonshire deftated Hampshire at North- 



ampton by one wicket. The matches between 
Warwickshire and the Australians at Birmingham, 
and Oxford University and Cambridge University 
at Lord's, were drawn : and that between Sussex 
and Leicestershire at Brighton was abandoned. 

Two blind men in Shidzuoka prefecture have 
organized a party of blind Fuji-climbers who are 
expected to assemble at Gotemba Station on July 
18. The applicants already number over twenty. 

The largest bullock in the world has been sent by 
a stockbreeder in Southern Alberta to the Alaska- 
Yukon-Pacific Exhibition at Seattle. Although 
only three years old, this animal stands six feet 
high, is eleven feet two inches long, and measures 
eight feet eight inches round the girth, and six 
feet on the hips. The owner has refused ^800 
for the animal. 

It is reported that Mr. Horiya Sajiro, M.P., and 
187 others, who live in Kamakura and Dzushi 
and go to their respective offices in Tokyo or 
Yokohama every day, have presented a petition 
to the Railway Bureau, complaining of the in- 
convenience of the present time table. Mr. 
Toyotaka, Station-master of Kamakura, is said to 
have helped them in no small measure. 

An Osaka telegram received by the Tokyo 
Asahi reports that on July 7 and 8, the books of 
several sugar dealers at Semba, Osaka, were 
inspected by revenue officials. It is said that 
a quantity of sugar amounting to some 20,000,000 
kin has been found to have escaped taxation in 
that one district of" the city. The total amount 
of consumption tax and fine to be imposed will 
come to about yen 3,000,000. 

On the way irom Queensferry to the English 
Channel, the Home Fleet carried out an eight hours 
full- power trial. Of the Portsmouth ships, the cruiser 
Invincible was the first to reach Spithead, where 
she anchored at 6.30 on Wednesday morning. 
Her fastest run was close on 28 knots, and she did 
27 knots for five or six hours. The Drake steamed 
at an average of 24.5 knots — a knot and a half in 
advance of her con ract speed. 

Last month an official of the Nagasaki Re- 
venue Administration Bureau named Tsuzaki 
Kiichi, (39) was charged with obtaining by 
threats a sum of yen (,000 from Mr. Otsubo Ko- 
taro, a sake dealer, who was alleged to have ille- 
gally sold large quantities of sake, thus evading 
taxes to a big amount. The preliminary ex- 
amination at the Osaka Chiho Saibansho ended 
on Saturday, when the accused official was con- 
victed and committed fur public trial. 

Late on the night of June 11, a police-inspector 
named Kagami Goro, who belongs to the Hongo 
Police Station, Tokyo, was suddenly summoned to 
the Metropolitan-Police Board, and was at once 
arrested. The Aso/ii says that though the parti- 
culars cannot be published before the conclusion 
of the preliminary examination, the police- 
inspector is said to have illegally protected certain 
gamblers and abo to have accepted a bribe in 
connection with the establishment of a rikisha 
station. 



The A'ei/'o Slunilnin, a Japanese paper published 
in Seoul, which has not been (mite friendly to the 
Residency-General, publishes an editorial express- 
ing a hope that a bronze statue will be erected in 
the Korean capital in honour of Prince Ito. The 
paper remarks that though it used to oppose His 
Excellency's policy it has never doubted the 
sincerity of his purpose. Japan may justly be 
proud of Prince Ito, who acted with uprightness 
and scrupulous honesty during his tenure of the 
office of Resident-General and has set an excellent 
example both to Japanese and Koreans. 



62 H»*x<i^/!ttB*2BRtt&3HT THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July i; ( 1909. 



KOREA. 



Friday, July 9. 
On the afternoon of the 8th inst., the 
Korean Prime Minister, acting under instruc- 
tions from the Emperor, gave a garden party 
at the Old Palace in honour of Prince Ito 
and Viscount Sone. There were 1800 per- 
sons present and the arrangements seem to 
have been on a most lavish scale. The 
Prime Minister delivered an address, the gist 
of which has been transmitted to Tokyo by j 
telegraph. He characterized Prince Ito as 

the greatest civil official in Japan, and as | remarks of the Premier reported on the 9th 



bills, but owing to vigorous incursions 
made by Japanese importers into this domain, 
the Chinese are gradually withdrawing from 
the scene, and are calling up their dues, the 
result being that in Seoul alone some 40 
Korean tradesmen have had to close their 
doors. 

Saturday, July 10. 
At the Imperially ordered party given by 
the Prime Minister of Korea on the 8th inst. 
in honour of Prince Ito, the replies made by 
the Prince and by Viscount Sone to the 



the "eyes and ears" of the Far East 
It was well understood that the Emperor 
of Japan liked to have Piince Ito always at 
his side for purposes of consultation, yet his 
Majesty had allowed the Prince to absent 
himself for nearly four years from Tokyo in 
the interests of the Korean nation. The 

whole world recognised how great had been | years ago. ^Whether any success had at 
the Prince's achievements in the cause of 
progress since he undeitook the manage- 



inst. in these columns are now made known 
by the telegraph. Prince Ito said that the first 
duty dictated by humanity is to assist those 
who are distressed or are in danger. It was 
to discharge that duty that he had been 
appointed by the Emperor of Japan to 
the Residency-General in Korea nearly four 



inent of Korean affairs. The Korean Em- 
peror's rescript explicitly recognised Prince 
Ito's eminent services, and he, the speaker, 
found no words to supplement his Majesty's 
sincere applause. He was confident that he 



tended his efforts, the public must be left to 
judge, but he could at least affirm that he had 
woiked with all sincerity. While he could 
not possibly claim to have shown any con- 
spicuous merit, he thought that he might 
perhaps be credited with having avoided any 
marked failure, and for that result he was 



represented the hearty sentiment of the whole | indebted to the readiness with which the 
Korean nation when he said that Korea's j Emperor of Korea and the high officials of 
gratitude to Prince Ito would be perpetual, the Korean Government had accepted his 
and that the Prince's departure from Seoul advice 



was profoundly regretted. They had, how- 
ever, the consolation of knowing that the 
Prince was returning to his place beside the 
Throne of Japan, whence his influence 
would always be exercised in behalf 
of the peace of the East, and they 
could be assured that he would watch 
over Korean interests as earnestly as ever. 
They had also to remember with thankfulness 
that the Prince would continue to act as 
Grand Tutor to the Prince Imperial in Tokyo, 
and that he would be succeeded at the 
Residency-General by an official well versed 
in Korean affairs and prepared to follow in 
the footsteps of his predecessor. He called 
upon them to drink the healths of the out- 
going and incoming Residents- General. 

What replies were made by Prince Ito and 
Viscount Sone the telegram does not say. 

The Emperor has announced his intention 
of paying a farewell visit in person at the 
Residency- General on the 10th inst. This 
will be the first example in Korean history 



The Asahi 's correspondent, in wiring this 
speech, adds that the Piince seemed much 
fatigued and spoke in a voice so low as to be 
scarcely audible. Viscount Sone, on the 
other hand, was full of energy. He set out 
by saying that to pait with Prince Ito was 
to him as though a pupil should be separated 
from his master or a child from his parents. 
He had hesitated greatly to accept the 
office of Resident General, since it en- 
tailed the loss of the invaluable counsels of 
his eminent predecessor ; but these scruples 
had been partly overcome by the thought 
that communications are now easy and 
that contant recourse might always be 
had to the advice of the Prince. The guid- 
ing principle of his own conduct as Resident- 
General would be to assist the Korean nation 
to assimilate modern civilization and to 
achieve a prosperous condition. He would 
above all things avoid idle display andconfine 
himself to aiming at practical results. 

At his farewell audience with the ex- 
of a Sovereign paying a formal visit outside I Emperor, on the 9th inst., Piince Ito was 
the precincts of the Palace. laddiessed in exceedingly warm terras 

Prince Ito seems to have considered it j by his Majesty, who said that having 
necessary before leaving Seoul to dispel ! entrusted the welfare of the Prince Imperial 
all confusion as to the responsibilities I to Prince Ito, he felt entire confidence in the j 
and functions of the Residency-General. | fullest discharge of that tiust. He had the ' 
When entertaining, on the 7th inst., the j highest possibleappreciation of the great work 
officials of that office, he pointed out j that Prince Ito had accomplished for Korea, 1 
that although the Resident-General receives , and to mark his sense of the Prince's achieve- j 
his commission direct from his Sovereign, merits, as well as to show his own desire to 
his administrative policy must be in accord 1 enjoy constant opportunities of meeting the | 
with the wishes of the Japanese Government. [ illustrious statesman, he proposed to build for ! 
In short the Prince made it clear that there Prince Ito's use a special villa near Seoul, 
is to be no such thing as administering Pi ince Ito emphatically declined this honour, 
Korean affairs without due reference to the I and declared that he neither expected nor 



Cabinet in Tokyo. 

The Korean Finance Department has 
issued statistics showing that the total sum 
of public money seized by the insurgents in 
Korea during the past year was 34,500 yen 
approximately, and that these robberies 
had been attended by the deaths of 36 



wished to receive anything, however in- 
significant, at his Majesty's hands. 

We may here add that the 1 locliiSliimburi s 
correspondent attributes the ex- Emperor's! 
villa* project and Piince Ito's emphasis in 
declining it to a renewal of the old in- 
trigues oil the deposed Sovereign's part and a 



officials, the wounding of 17S and the in- 1 clear perception of their trend on the Prince's 
Umidation or Other maltreatment of 68. (part. His Majesty wishes to retain, in 
According to the Shogyo Shiuipo domestic j appearance at all events, the closest possible 
trade in Korea is in a very disheartening j relations with the Piince, but the latter is 
condition. The custom hitherto has been ; naturally unresponsive to his desiie. 
for Korean tradesmen to obtain goods from j The enteitainment then resolved itself 
the Chinese on the security of three months' into the pastime known in Japan as 



that is to say, Prince Ito wrote the 
first line of a couplet ; Mori Kainan, the 
celebrated Japanese poet, who may 
be said to live with Prince Ito, wrote the 
second ; Viscount Sone the third, and the 
Prime Minister the fourth. Prince Ito com- 
menced by saying that when a bounteous 
rain falls it enriches and blesses the soil ; Mr. 
Mori continued by writing that the soft dew 
descending upon the Palace had nurtured a 
beautiful flower : Viscount Sone's line pur- 
ported that Korea and Japan were one 
blossom without distinction of rain or dew ; 
and the Prime Minister concluded the couplet 
by writing that the two countries welcomed 
the genial spring with a common feeling 
of joy. 

On his way to the above banquet, Prince 
Ito repaired to the Primary School in Seoul 
and addressed some valuable advice to about 
3,000 students assembled there to greet him. 

Sunday, July 1 r. 

On the 10th inst. the Emperor of Korea 
repaired to Prince Ito's house to pay a fare- 
well visit. His Majesty intimated that it 
had been his intention to accompany Piince 
Ito to the railway station at the time of the 
latter's departure from Seoul, but in consid- 
eration of the probability that the station 
would be greatly crowded, the Emperor had 
decided to pay this visit to the Prince's resi- 
dence in lieu of going to the railway. He 
entrusted to Prince Ito's care some silk 
reeled by the Empress, and some barley 
reaped by the hand of the Emperor himself, 
with a request that they should be presented 
to the Emperor and Empress of Japan. 

On the afternoon of the same day the 
retiring Resident-General and his successor 
gave a large party to Japanese and Koreans. 
The whole space from the Residency-Gen- 
eral to the military headquarters was enclosed 
for the purposes of the entertainment. A 
great number of special amusements were pro- 
vided, and among the temporary buildings 
erected for the occasion were an automatic 
telephone office and a place lor selling 
commemoration pictorial post-cards. Judging 
from the telegraphed accounts the affair 
seems to have been very brilliant. 

If the telegrams be trustworthy, the Em- 
peror of Korea expressed a desire to present 
a sum of 1 00,000 yen to Prince Ito, and also 
endorsed the ex-Emperor's proposal that a 
villa should be built at any place in Korea 
selected by the Prince so that he and 
the Princess might be tempted to pay fie- 
quent visits to Korea in the luture. Piince 
Ito has emphatically refused tluse offers. 
Apparently the only gift which his High- 
ness has consented to receive from the 
Imperial Family is a pair of gold flower- 
vases, which the Emperor handed to him on 
the occasion of his Majesty's visit on the 
9th inst. 

Prince Ito is to return via Chemulpo. 
He will leave Seoul on the 13th inst.; be 
the guest of his countrymen at Chemulpo 
that night, and embaik on the 14th in the 
Manshu Maru for his final return to Japan. 

We take the following from the Stotd 
Da ily News '■ — 

Accotding to tlie authorities of V e Civil Engin- 
eering Bureau in the Mom* Office, rep.iiis and 
improvement* to highways between Pyongyang and 
Chinnampo (nearly 35 miles), Chonju and Kunsan 
(30 miles). Mokpo ami Kwangju (neatly 57 miles) 
and Taiku ami Yonil (65 miles) will co^t 1.500,000 
ytn altogether. The works on all these roads ate 
now in progress. The road between Chonju and 
Kunsan. North Chonla province, is expected to be 
finished in Septeml>er next. The cost, amoun ing to 
1.000.' 00 fett, for the construction of roads l>etween 
Suwon and I.ichon, Konpju and Sochyongli, Chinju 
and Masan, Whangju and the railway station of the 
same name, and Anju and Lyongpyon, South 
Pyongan, lias been defrayed from the appropriations 



July 17, 1909.) 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



63 



for the suppression of insurgents. These roads are 
to be completely finished toward theend of next year. 

The following is a table showing the progress of 
woik on the above-mentioned roads : — 

Breadth. Finished. 



Road. 



Length. 

Ken. Ri. 

Pyongyang-Chinnampo.. 3.9 13- 18 

Chor.ju-Kunsan 3.9 n.24 

Mokpo-Kwangju 3 3 22.05 

Taiku-Yonil 3 3 25. 10 

Suwon-Lichon 28 1208 

Kongju-Sochyongli (?) ... 2.8 9.06 

Chinju-Masan 2.8 10.00 

Whangju-Whangju sta- 
tion 2.8 0.28 

Anju-Lyongpyon 2.8 7.15 



Unfinished. 



Ri. 

516 
1 1.20 
14.14 
U.3.1 

2.10 

4-17 



.08 



Ri. 
2 16 
.02 
1.03 

1.07 
.02 
1.20 

•'3 

2.04 



Total — 118.06 53.13 8.31 

Besides the above, the roads between Haiju and 
Longtang-po (about 4 miles) and Machon-tong and 
Sin VViju (nearly a mile) have been completed. 



of his special situation, perfect accord had 
always existed between the Japanese mili- 
tary and civil officials in Korea. Collisions 



prehension lest this step in the case of the 
Guards should bring with it sonic trouble 
similar to that which resulted from the dis- 
between the military authority and the civil [banding of the army. At all events stringent 



Tuesday, July 13 
There are persistent rumours of a change 
of Cabinet in Seoul. Nothing is related as 
to the cause of Mr. Yi Wanyong's expected 
resignation, but it would appear that he is not 
desirous of quitting office, for he is said to 
have moved the Emperor to bring the 
matter to the notice of Prince Ito and to in 
quire what step the latter would recommend. 
Prince Ito is reported to have declined to give 
any advice, and to have counselled his Majesty 
to refer to the new Resident-General. It 
■would seem that the situation centres upon 
Mr. PakCheson, who is expected to be the new 
Minister President. Mr. Pak is remembered 
as the statesman who held the portfolio of 
Foreign Affairs at the time of the conclusion 
of the celebrated Convention of November 
1905. He incurred great unpopularity among 
his conservative countrymen for his action 
on that occasion, but the public acquitted 
him long ago. He is at present Minister of 
Home Affairs. 

The Kokumin Shimbun supplements the 
above news by saying that the change 
of Cabinet will involve the abolition 
of the Department of Education and the 
Military Bureau. The Korean military 
establishment is now limited to a small force, 
not exceeding 1,000 men, of Imperial 
Guards, but whether it is in contemplation 
to disband these we do not learn from the 
telegrams. 

Another subject about which numerous 
telegrams have reached Tokyo is the alleged 
conclusion of a new convention between 
Japan and Korea. Some correspondents 
describe this Convention as embodying 
merely the conditions agreed upon with re 
ference to the establishment of a Central 
Bank, but others suggest that it includes 
arrangements connected with the abolition 
of the Department of Education and the 
Military Bureau. If this latter analysis be 
correct, the inference is that Japan is to take 
over the direct control of all educational anc 
military affairs in the Peninsula. 

At a banquet given by General Okubo on 
the nth inst. to Prince Ito the latter alluded 
to a subject which has from time to time 
afforded matter of controversy, namely, the 
power delegated to the Resident- General in 
the matter of employing the military. The 
Prince said that if his administration had been 
marked by some unquiet incidents, he owed 
it to the hearty cooperation of the military 
that he had been able to deal successfully with 
these crises. As a general rule the power of the 
sword remained, and should remain, entirely 
in the hands of the Sovereign, but there were 
occasions on which a departure from this rule 
became essential in the interests of the nation, 
and the Emperor of Japan, recognising that 
fact, had delegated exceptional authority to 
the Resident General. Nothing gave him 
greater satisfaction than to reflect that in spite 



authority were happily unknown in modern 
Japan, but they were not completely absent 
from the history of other countries, and they 
were especially likely to occur in the case 
of a protectorate like Korea. Now that 
le had himself resigned the position of 
Resident-General, be ventured to express 
a hope tliat the military officers would 
cooperate as loyally and heartily with the 
civil officials of the new Residency General 
as they had done during his own time. 

Viscount Sone, speaking on the same 
occasion, said that he and General Okubo 
had been on terms of close intimacy for 
nearly 40 years. They were students 
together in Europe, and now that they found 
themselves side by side once more, he was 
quite confident that there would be no 
concealment or reservations between them 
and that they would join hands heartily for 
the conduct of the work entrusted to them. 

The garden party given by the Japanese 
residents of Seoul in honour of Prince Ito on 
the 1 2th inst. was greatly marred by rain, 
and not more than 700 persons assembled. 



Prince Ito's speech is very briefly tele- 
graphed. He appears to have said that al- 
though he was about to return to Japan and 
would henceforth have duties to perform in his 
own country, he would never lose sight of 
the welfare of Korea and of his countrymen 
in Korea, nor ever fail in his efforts to 
promote their best interests. He strongly 
urged that all should eschew petty quarrels 
and pragmatic disputes, and should aim at 
eally friendly cooperation. 

Wednesday, July 14. 
It is now denied that there is any intention 
of abolishing the Department of Education 
11 Korea. The changes really contemplated 
are the abolition of the Department of 
Justice and of the Military Department. 
With regard to the former it was Prince 
Ito's policy from the first to give to Korea the 
blessing of good law well administered, and 
with that object sweeping reforms were effect- 
ed in the Judiciary. Experience proved, 
however, that many years would be re- 
quired before the laws of the country and 
their administrators could be brought to a 



measures have been adopted to prevent any 
recourse to violence and to maintain good 
order. 

There arj differences of opinion as to the 
time when these reforms will be carried out. 
Tints Hie Chuo Sldmbuns correspondent 
alleges that the Agreement was signed on 
the 1 2th inst. by Viscount Sone and Mr. Yi, 
and that it immediately received Imperial 
sanction. It is said to have consisted of two 
articles. The first provides for the abolition of 
the War Depaitment and the establishment 
of a Bureau of Household Guards (Shuei-fu), 
to be presided over by an Imperial chamber- 
lain. The second converts the Korean 
tribunals of justice into branches of the 
Japanese law courts. The Iloclii confirms 
this news, but says that the Agreement will 
not become operative until the close of the 
year. 

In the Mainichi Dcmpos telegrams we 
read that the agreement with regard to the 
establishment of the Central Bank consists 
of five articles. The first provides .simply 
that a central bank shall be established. 
The second that it shall have note-issuing 
power. The third that its staff shall 
consist entirely of Japanese subjects. The 
fourth that the shares held by the Korean 
Government shall not carry a right to 
dividend. The fifth that a part of the 
reserves shall consist of notes of the Bank 
of Japan and a part of Japanese negotiable 
securities. The Jiji Shimpo expands this 
intelligence by saying that the capital ot the 
Bank is to be 10 million yen in 100,000 
shares of 100 yen each ; that the Korean 
Government is to hold 30,000 of these shares, 
the remaining 70,000 to be offered to the 
Japanese and Korean public ; and that the 
Bank's operations are to be conducted in 
accordance with the provisions of Japanese 
law. The legal limit of note issue is to be 
20 million yen, and the Bank will hold a 
silver reserve equal to one fourth of that 
amount. One half of all the nett profits 
above 12 percent, is to be handed over to 
the Korean Government. On the other 
hand, the Korean Goverment guarantees 6 
per cent, interest on the paid up capital, and 
consequently it receives no dividend on its 



satisfactory state. In these circumstances | own 30,000 shares unless the profits exceed 
Prince Ito is said to have determined that the that per-centage. Apparently the Japanese 



only course was to reorganise the Judiciary 
with Japanese officials, and to extend to Korea 
the operation of Japan's laws. The change of 
Resident-Generals has been made the oc- 
casion of this reform. Correspondents of 
Japanese newspapers say that this will involve 
the abolition of the "Korean Department of 
Justice. It will certainly involve the sur- 
render of Korea's judicial powers to Japan. 
As for the Military Department, it has come 
to be a mere empty form. To maintain such 
an office for the sake of one battalion of 
guards is extravagant. It does not appear 
that the Guards themselves are to be dis- 
banded : they will be attached to the 
Chamberlains Bureau. 

It would seem that the talk of a Cabinet 
change had its origin in these doings. The 
Prime Minister, Mr. Yi, is said to have been 
taken aback by such radical proposals, and to 
have shown a disposition to resign his office 
rather than endorse them. Finding, however, 
that the Residency- General's resolve was irre- 
vocable, his Excellency and his colleagues are 
said to have agreed, and it is expected that 
the only changes in the Cabinet will be the 
disappearance of the portfolios of Justice 
and of War. There is evidently some ap- 



Government, in other words the Residency 
General, is to lend to the Bank at the outset 
1,200,000 yen, which will carry no interest 
and will lie unredeemed for five years, to be 
thereafter redeemed in five more. 

It will be observed that the functions of 
Government in Korea have now been largely 
transferred to Japan. The Military Power, 
the Communications, tiie Police System, the 
Judiciary, the Finance and the Foreign 
Affairs are all included in this category. 

Thursday, July 15. 
Advices from Seoul seem to indicate that 
the important administrative changes now in 
progress in Korea are being consummated 
without disturbance. Great precautions were 
evidently taken by the police and the gen- 
darmes to provide against any disturbance, 
but it would appear that these precautions, 
though prudent, were not necessary. The 
transfer of judicial power to Japan is said to 
be regarded by the Koreans as a proper mea- 
sure. Probably their experience of the degree 
of protection accorded to life and property 
by their own laws and by their own judicial 
officials had prepared them to welcome the 
change now introduced. The attitude of the: 



64 Brt**¥^/!WB*ii*««»a*i THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



Guards, however, towards the question of 
the abolition of the War Office still suggests 
some uneasiness. From the point of view of 
piactical utilfty the War Office ought to have 
been abolished long ago, for such a Depart- 
ment of State is an evident superfluity when 
its work is limited to supervising onebattlion 
of troops and a score or so of officers and 
military cadets. 

The Dai Han Mai-Il Shiiupo is reported 
to have construed the reform as abolition of 
the sovereign power of the Korean State ; a 
blunder which might have been expected 
from such a source but which is none the 
less inexcusable. 

The Maihichi Dcmpd s correspondent wires 
that the Koreans regard the abolition of the 
War Office as a natural sequel to the 
disbanding of the Army, and they are 
disposed to welcome t he judicial change 
as preluding the removal of consular jurisdi- 
ction. Still they can not avoid the reflexion 
that this gradual lopping off of the limbs of 
the Korean Administration may end in leav- 
ing nothing but an inanimate trunk. 

It is expected that some little time must 
elapse before giving effect to the new 
arrangement with regard to the Judiciary. 
Those who have followed Korean affairs with 
any attention are aware that Japan's policy 
towards Korea has been to limit her exercise 
of power to officials of the second class. She 
lias appointed Vice-Ministers of Departments, 
Secretaries of local Governors and assistant 
judicial officials. She now departs from this 
surbordinate role in the matter of the 
Bench, whose occupants she undertakes to 
nominate in loto. The Korean Judiciary will 
henceforth consist partly of Koreans and 
paitly of Japanese, but both alike will receive 
their commissions from the Japanese Gov- 
ernment. They will administer Korean law 
which will be codified for the purpose as 
quickly as possible, and in the meanwhile 
they will be guided, we presume, by general 
legal principles and by the laws of Korea so 
far as any exist. It is evident, however, that 
the work of constituting the new Bench will 
require some time, and therefore the agree- 
ment for abolishing the Judicial Department 
will not be published immediately. The 
Kokumin Shimbun says that the Depart- 
ment of Justice will be replaced by a Judicial 
Bureau in the Residency General, and that 
the first chief of that Bureau will be Mr. 
Kuratomi, now Vice Minister of Justice. 

Japan will disperse the expense of the 
new Judicial Bureau, which means an outlay 
of about half a million annually. 

It would appear that the talk of a 
Cabinet crisis has ceased to be heard. The 
rumour had its origin in a combined scheme 
by the Tai Han Kyokai and the followers of 
Mr. Yi Keunthaik, who thought that they 
saw an opportunity to contrive a change of 
Ministry to their own advantage. This 
project has, however, failed. As for the 
II Ching-hoi, they are said to have been 
acquainted beforehand of what was in pro- 
gress and they consequently showed no 
excitement. 

Prince Ito left Seoul on the 14th inst. 
amid most expressive demonstration. He 
was accompanied to the station by practical- 
ly all the high personages in the capital ; 
salutes were fired ; arches were erected 
bearing the legend " Grand Tutor to the 
Prince Imperial " and the streets were 
thronged with crowds of spectators. His 
1 Ugliness ' programme was to spend the 
night of the 14th and the day of the 15 th in 
Chemulpo, and to embark in the Manshu at 
10 o'clock on the night of the 15th. Vis- 
count Sone was to have accompanied the 



Prince to Chemulpo but he was prevented by 

illness 

On the evening before his departure from 
Seoul Prince Ito was entertained by the 
Elder Statesmen of Korea. In responding 
to the toast of his health he is said to have 
stated that if he himself was Grand Tutor to 
the Prince Imperial, his country, Japan, must 
be regarded as grand tutor to its neighbour 
Korea. It was essential therefore that 
actualities should be substituted for appear- 
ances and that they should devote them- 
selves to attaining practical results rather 
than to enunciating academical precepts. 

An interesting incident is reported in con- 
nexion with Prince Ito's departure. A 
party of some 70 Korean ladies proceeded 
from Seoul to Chemulpo for the purpose of 
inspecting the Manshu. The sea was too 
rough to allow of their visiting the ship, and 
they would have returned re infecta had not 
special orders come from the Palace that, as 
the Crown Prince himself, previous to his 
departure for Japan, had visited the ship 
by which Prince Ito was to travel, every 
effort must be made to enable these ladies to 
reach the Manshn. The feat was accom- 
plished in the evening when the sea had 
become comparatively calm. 

The Asahi Shimbun has a disquieting 
telegram saying that the province of Pyong- 
an is honey-combed witli anti-Japanese 
feeling nurtured in the missionary schools, of 
which there are no less than 549 throughout 
the province. 



HAWAII. 

Friday, July 9. 
A very pessimistic message comes to the 
Chuo Shimbun from New York. It represents 
the Secretary of State as saying thatthe strik- 
ers in Hawaii have now been clearly shown to 
have a regular organisation and to be acting 
under the orders of fully recognised leaders. 
In these circumstances to listen to their 
demands would be to recognise the existence 
of an imperium in impcrio, and to ecxpose the 
sugar industry of Hawaii to grave peril. The 
planters will therefore be compelled to aban- 
don the employment of Japanese altogether 
and to fall back upon Portuguese, who have 
never shown themselves similarly recalci- 
trant. It is thought that this utterance of 
the Secretary of State will tend to greatly 
embitter the situation in Hawaii, and to 
impair the prospects of a compromise which 
had just begun to be imminent. 

Saturday, July 10. 
It is very difficult to form any clear idea 
of the state of affairs in Hawaii from the 
telegrams that reach Tokyo. Each and 
every message is obviously tinged with the 
views of its sender. The Asa/us corres- 
pondent wires that there is no prospect of a 
speedy settlement. Several of the planters 
are suffering such heavy losses that they 
would gladly pay increased wages to 
get the workmen back, and not a few of 
the workmen are anxious and even willing 
to resume work. But the planters are 
bound by the solemn contract into which all 
of them, numbering 54, have entered; and 
the Japanese are equally restrained by a 
sense of faith towards their comrades. This 
correspondent has had an interview with 
Mr. Freer, the Governor; but the latter, while 
greatly lamenting the state of affairs, ex- 
pressed the opinion that time alone could j raised from iS dollars to 2 
furnish a remedy. Meanwhile the Japanese 
are not insensible to the fact that their own 
future is involved in not allowing the sugar 
plantations to be hopelessly injured. 



The Hochi Shimbun says that, according 
to telegrams received in Yokohama, the 
workmen who unconditionally returned to 
their duties on two plantations received only 
their habitual stipend on pay day; and this, 
fact being interpreted as a proof that the 
specious assurances given by Consul General 
Uenoare baseless, the menhave been inspired 
with a fresh determination not to surrender. 
The recepient of this telegram is said to be 
a foreign firm in Yokohama. 

Sunday, July 1 1. 
A long telegram this morning (nth inst ) 
to the Asahi Shimbun says that an injunction 
has been issued by the local Chief Justice 
vetoing any language or any act calculated 
to promote the strike or to prevent the 
resumption of work by the strikers. This 
injunction is addressed to 33 Japanese, includ- 
ding the editor of the Nippu Jiji, who are 
supposed to be the leaders of the strike. The 
inj unction says that any violation of its vetoes 
will be treated as contempt of court, an of- 
fence with regard to which the court has 
summary jurisdiction, no appeal being allow- 
ed. This injunction lias been issued on the 
supposition that if the leading agitators 
were silent the strikers would return ta 
their work unconditionally, but our coiv . 
temporary's telegram denies that anythir g 
of the kind is to be anticipated. It allc r<_-s 
that the strikers are quite determined 
not to return to their work wi\hout 
an explicit promise as to Inr reased 
wages. The telegram further states that, as 
sugar is practically the sole industry of 
Hawaii, the sugar planters contro 1 every 
class of society in the island ; and so great is 
their influence that no American barrister 
could be found to defend the Japanese 
accused of conspiracy. Had not an Eng- 
lish barrister consented to take up the case, 
the Japanese must have remaine? J without 
legal assistance. This barrister is quoted as 
saying that had the arrests and domiciliary 
visits made in Hawaii without a warrant 
taken place in England, a grave question of 
violation of private rights would nave arisen. 
The Asahi's correspondent farther states 
that Mr. Consul-General Ueno is treating 
the whole affair fn a very nonchalant man- 
ner, and that the Consulate-General has not 
been represented at any of the judicial pro- 
ceedings hitherto held. We (Japan Mail) 
imagine that Mr. Consul-General Ueno has 
learned by this time that the justice ad- 
ministered by American courts of law does 
not required to be watched. 

The } omiuri Shimbun quotes an anony- 
mous Foreign Office official as throwing many 
doubts on the authenticity of the recently 
received telegram to the effect that the plan- 
ters of Hawaii were determined to substitute 
Japanese labour for Portuguese on all the 
plantations. A little calculation soon disclose^ 
the extreme improbability of any such me? . 
sure. The Portuguese, unlike the Japan' . se 
will not emigrate without their familiey Qu 
the lowest calculation, therefore, pass? lTcrnU st 
be provided for three persons in order to 
obtain one labourer. Thatmeansa- ll i mmco 'j atc 
outlay of 250 dollars. Then, on arriving in 
Hawaii, each labourer has to receive a house 
costing 700 dollars and an acre oflaiid. both 
of which become his r.roperty after three 
years ; and, in addition , i lc eX pects to receive 
at least 22 dollars a month salary. On the 
other hand, the Japanese are asking for 
nothing more than that their pay shall be 

As for white 

labour, in tyre ordinary sense of the term, it 
is quite ou^ of the question, since the lowest 
price paid would have to be three or four 
dollars daily. 



July 17, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



Thursday, July 15. 
The Chuo Shimbun publishes what pur- 
ports to be the gist of a telegram received at 
the Foreign Office in Tokyo. According to 
this intelligence Mr. Consul-General Ueno's 
attempts to effect an arrangement between 
the strikers and the planters have failed. 
The planters say that to increase the wages 
of the Japanese labourers by one dollar daily 
would mean a total additional outlay of a 
million dollars yearly. They can not there- 
fore consent, at all events so long as the 
strike continues. If the men return to their 
work, it is not impossible that their plea may 
be taken into consideration. Mr. Ueno in 
vain pointed out that both sides were suffer- 
ing severely from the continuance of the strike. 
The planters proved obdurate and the nego- 
tiations came to an end. In publishing this 
news the Chuo hints that the stubborn atti- 
tude of the planters may possibly result in 
extending the strike to the 30,000 Japanese 
workmen who are still engaged on the 
plantations. 



CHINA. 

Friday, July 9. 
Mr. Tang Shaoi was received in audience 
by the Prince Regent on the 8th inst., and 
he then reported the results of his mission 
to Europe and America, as well as his retire- 
ment from the office of Governor of Mukden. 
It is thought that Mr. Tang will be appointed 
to the post of either Head of the Taxation 
Board or Treaty Commissioner. 

Sunday, July 1 [. 

It is stated (Asahi Shimbun' s telegrams) 
that on the 9th inst. a meeting of the foreign 
Representatives was held in Peking, when it 
was unanimously decided that the Chinese 
Government should be asked to provide a 
proper water supply for the Legation quarter 
in that city ; to sanction the extension of the 
Shanghai Settlement, and to devote a further 
rum of 8 million taels to the dredging of 
the Hwangpo. The Shanghai Settlement 
question has been under discussion for three 
years, and the foreign Representatives are 
now pressing that extension should be 
definitely sanctioned in a northerly direction, 
so as to include all the area already built 
upon by foreigners. 

We read in the Yofpazu Cliolio that the 
13th or 14th is the probable date for the 
departure of the valuation commissioners 
from Canton for Pratas Island. The Chinese 
having decided to send their commissioner 
in a warship, the Japanese assigned 
the Otoiva (river gun-boat) for the purpose, 
and she proceeded to Canton, so that every- 
thing was in readiness for departure by the 
1 1 111 inst., as far as the Japanese were con- 
cerned. The Chinese warship, however, was 
not expected to reach Canton till about the 
1 2th inst., and therefore the two vessels will 
probably leave the river on about the 13th. 



Tuesday, July 13. 
A report comes from Shanghai that there 
has been a serious fracas in the Hamyong 
province of Korea between 140 Chinese 
subjects and several hundreds of Koreans. 
The Chinese are said to have been roughly 
handled, but no details are given as to casual- 
ties or causes. The matter is now under 
official investigation. 

Wednesday, July 14. 
The Chuo Shimbun has an alarmist para- 
graph which says that the Chinese Govern- 
ment has returned a very uncompromising 
reply to Japan's latest proposals with 



regard to the Mukden-Antung line, the 
post office question and the Kilin-Chang- 
chun line. As to the Mukden-Antung 
road, Peking's answer is said to be that 
it will concede the construction of the 
railway provided that the Japanese surrender 
administrative rights within its zone. With 
regard to the post office problem, China 
says that she will agree if Japan consents to 
remove all her post offices from Chinese 
dominions. And with regard to the Kilin- 
Changchun line, China's hands appear to be 
tied by the representations of her own 
capitalists. 

Meanwhile the Foreign Affairs Committee 
of the conservative section of the Progressists 
have had an interview with Mr. Isshi and 
have been informed by him, according to 
Tokyo papers, that Mr. Lu, Commissioner 
for the Kilin-Changchun Railway, has ob- 
tained 10 days' sick leave; that although 
Viceroy Hsi lias left Mukden for the north, 
active measures have been taken for con- 
ducting the negotiations in Peking, and that 
the Japanese Government is determined to 
exhaust all the resources of diplomacy, and 
expects that a satisfactory agreement will be 
shortly reached. 

Thursday, July 15. 

The Maimchi Dempo's Peking correspon- 
dent wires an altogether incredible piece of 
news to the effect that the United States 
Government has informed the British Govern- 
ment that if a British bank signs the 
agreement with regard to furnishing railway 
capital to China, Great Britain will be re- 
garded as responsible. We quote this 
telegram for the purpose of adding that it is 
not to be believed for a moment. 

Nothing has recently been heard of the 
Honan mining complication, but a telegram 
now received by the Kokumin from Peking 
says that the Government has approved of 
the removal of Governor Chang, who 
signed the original agreement with the 
British Syndicate. This certainly does not 
suggest that an amicable settlement of the 
question is in sight. 

It is stated that the Chinese Government 
recently carried out its intention of declaring 
the Sungari River open to general naviga- 
tion and that this permission was to become 
operative from the 1st of July. The tele- 
graph adds that the Russian Minister in 
Peking has lodged a protest against this 
measure as contrary to the Treaty of 
Aigun, and that he will open negotiations 
on the subject so soon as he returns 
from the hills. It is true that the Aigun 
Treaty provides that navigation on the rivers 
marking the frontier of the. two Empires, 
namely, the Ussuri River and the Amur 
River, was to be allowed only to vessels of 
China and Russia. That was in 1858, 
however, and in 1905, by the Ports- 
mouth Treaty, Russia definitely abandoned 
all special privileges enjoyed by her in 
Manchuria. We do not see therefore that 
this Iate>t act of the Chinese Government is 
open to any valid objection on Russia's part. 

It is stated that Sir Robert Hart's applica- 
tion for extension of leave has been granted 
by the Chinese Government, and that his 
return to the East is therefore indefinitely 
postponed. 

It was recently stated that Mr. Consul- 
General Segawa, Japanese appraiser in the 
Pratas Island affair, was to proceed to the 
Island by the cruiser Ototua, but it now 
appears that the Akashi is to be substituted. 
She will be accompanied by the gunboat 
Uji. The Chinese appraiser will travel by a 
cruiser flying his country's flag. 



THE CHINESE ARMY AND NAVY. 

Mr. Tuan Fang, the new Viceroy of 
Pehchili, has addressed to the Throne a 
memorial showing that he is a warm 
advocate of speedily organising a powerful 
and efficient army for the Chinese Empire. 
He makes eight suggestions. The first is that 
no time should be lost in providing a strong 
navy. The second that steps should be taken 
to abolish the mischievous distinction hitherto 
existing between north and south China, and 
to inculcate the principle that where the 
national welfare and safety are concerned 
local distinctions should receive no considera- 
tion whatever. The third recommendation 
is that the 36 divisions of the projected army, 
namely, three divisions for each province, 
should be organised without loss of time. 
The fourth, that graduates of the various 
military schools should be distributed 
through the provinces for purposes of 
instruction. The fifth, that all possible 
expedition should be employed in con- 
structing railways, not merely for com- 
mercial but also for strategical purposes. The 
sixth that a conscription system similar to 
that prevailing in Japan should be inaugurat- 
ed. The seventh, that a gendarmerie should 
be organised for service in the various pro- 
vinces. The eighth has reference to a naval 
college, but the telegram is not explicit. 

It is of course highly significant that this 
question should be taken up so vigorously 
by a statesman like Tuan Fang. The new 
Viceroy of Pehchili has acquired immense 
influence during the past few years. He 
is coming to be regarded in his own 
country no less than abroad as a second 
Li Hung Chang or Yuan Shihkai, and his 
post in the Metropolitan Province gives 
him exceptional influence. The only diffi- 
culty is that in the present state of China's 
Fxchequer the programme he proposes is 
beyond her capacity. That she will one day 
possess an army and navy commensurate 
with her territorial magnitude we can not 
doubt. But to raise the necessary funds the 
people must be persuaded of the necessity of 
the saciifice, and that conviction seems to be 
still confined to the minority. 



FERTILIZERS. 

The Asahi Shimbun has a detailed note 
with reference to the great increase in the 
use of fertilizers in Japan during recent years. 
The leading place is still occupied by what 
may be euphoniously termed farmyard- 
manure, which represents 60 million^M year- 
ly, and another 100 millions are spent upon 
fish manure, oil cake and rice husks. But 
the great development has been in what are 
commonly called artificial fertilizers. Thus 
sulphate of ammonia, which in the year 1900 
was imported to the amount of only 200,000 
yen, has now reached to 9 millions, or 
1/14 of the total production of this chemical 
throughout the world. In the case of phos- 
phates the import in 1897 was 100,000 yen, 
and it is now 5 millions, which is l /30 of 
the world's supply. Bean cake has also 
come to be imported as a fertilizer 
to the extent of 22 millions annual- 
ly, and if we add to this the 20 millions 
which will probably soon be reached in the 
case of artificial fertilizers, we shall have a 
total of over 40 millions of imported manures, 
and the quantity of all kinds used through- 
out the whole country will aggregate 200 
millions. It appears that the greatest falling 
off is in fish manure which is now used to 
the extent of only \% millions annually. 



66 mft*2*2MB*HflK«ftR?J THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 17, 1909. 



THE HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY. 



A very complicated situation appears to 
have arisen in connexion with the Anglo- 
Japanese Hydro-Electric Power scheme. 
Those who have followed the utterances of 
the Tokyo press on this subject will have 
recognised that the project of the above 
Company encountered perplexing op- 
position in more than one quarter, and 
that the Company's existence seemed to 
be threatened from time to time by the 
latent forces arrayed against it. The 
mystery is now partially unravelled. It 
appears that another project of even larger 
dimensions has been on the tapis for the past 
two years, and that its supporters have been 
working assiduously to discredit the Oi-gawa 
programme. This rival project is designed to 
utilize the Kinu-gawa as the source of water- 
supply, and it is said to have the backing of 
a powerful English Syndicate represented by 
Mr. A. Wendell Jackson, who paid a visit to 
Japan last year and who is now again in 
Tokyo. Mr. Jackson appears to have a 
rare faculty for avoiding needless publici- 
ty. He managed to invest with com- 
plete secrecy both his purpose and the 
manner of its prosecution when he was 
here in 1908, and only now has the fact 
become known that the capitalists he repre- 
sents are willing to find all the necessary 
money up to 20 million yen, and to reckon 
as Japan's share of the capital the water- 
power rights which she brings to the enter- 
prise. These rights would be assessed at 
3 ,600,000 yen, so that in effect the Japanese 
shareholders would acquire stock to that 
extent without actually subscribing a yen.. 
We are taking these particulars from the 
/isahi Shimbtin which has always been 
hostile to the Anglo- Japanese Hydro- 
Elect ric Power Company, and we do 
not at all vouch for the accuracy of the 
details. It is stated that from an engineer- 
ing point of view the Kinu-gawa project has 
marked advantages over the Oi gawa. In 
the first place, the source of supply in the 
case of the Oi would be 120 miles from 
Tokyo, and in that of the Kinu only 80 ; and 
in the second, the Oi gawa reservoir would 
require an embankment 300ft. high where- 
as that of the Kinu gawa would reach 
only 80ft. at its highest point. More- 
over other rival projects also are on the 
tapis, namely, those of the Katsura-gawa 
and Agatsumatsu-kawa, both of which have 
influential supporters. All are eagerly soli- 
citing the patronage of the Tokyo Railway 
Company, which was originally pledged to 
take 1 5,000 horse power from the Oi-gawa 
projectors, provided that they could 
supply it by a certain date. That agree- 
ment has been cancelled by lapse of time, I 
and the Railway Company is said toj 
have sent experts to repoit upon the relative \ 
merits of the lival schemes. The names of I 
several influential men are mentioned in] 
connexion with the different programmes, I 
but it seems unnecessary to enter into these j 
details until something more definite is 
ascertained. 

On the other hand, no reference what- 
ever is made to this competition by 
either the Jij'i ShhnpO or the Mainichi 
Dempo. Both ol these journals repoit 
that on the 7th instant a meeting was 
held at the Prime Minister's residence, and 
was attended by Maiquises Inouye and 
Matsukata. Mr. Sonoda then reported that 
Messrs. Sparing and Co. hail announced 
their readiness to put up the whole capital, 
and it was definitely agreed at the meeting 
that a telegram should be sent accepting 
the above proposal. We apprehend that in 



these circumstances the Kinu-gawa project is 
not likely to succeed. In consequence of 
this information sent from Tokyo, repre- 
sentatives of the Biitish Syndicate will 
arrive in Japan next month for purposes of 



Japanese papers continue to write at 
considerable length about the competition 
between the four companies interested in sup- 
plying Tokyo with hydro-electric power. 
There is, however, nothing to be added to 
what we have already written on this 
subject. The four rivers, Oi, Kinu, 
Katsura and Angatsuma, all have their 
warm supporters, and it is apparent 
that these supporters are not always par- 
ticularly scrupulous in their methods of 
popularizing their cause. Since all have the 
same purpose, namely, to supply water power 
to Tokyo, it is evidently of the highest 
importance to determine their relative merits 
before sinking a large sum of capital in anyone 
of them. Hut of course this obvious precau- 
tion was duly taken by the wide awake 
Englishmen and Japanese who are connected 
with the Oi-gawa project. They spent a 
very considerable sum on the work of 
examination and survey alone, and since they 
employed the services of such eminent ex- 
perts as Messrs. Howells and Schuyler, most 
people will be quite content to trust the 
wisdom of their selection. 

The competition among the various 
companies which are seeking to develop their 
schemes for supplying Tokyo with water 
power seems to be very keen. The four 
rivals are all directing their attention to 
the Tokyo Railway Company, which needs 
15,000 horse power to run its lines. But 
the relations between the Tokyo Railway 
Company and the Oi-gawa Syndicate have 
been very intimate from the first, and it is 
now stated that Mr. Asano, the principal 
projector of the Kinugawa scheme, is 
endeavouring, fauie dc mieux, to make 
a contract for supplying water power to the 
four spinning companies. These four would 
take altogether 10,000 horse power, and inas- 
much as the Tokyo Electric Light Company 
has its own supply of water power, it is 
evident that the Tokyo Railway Company 
and the spinning companies constitute 
the principal customers for the other 
water-power syndicates. Mr. Asano is said 
to be working strenuously through Mr. 
Ilibiya Heizainioil, who wields great in- 
fluence with the spinning companies, but 
Mr. Hibiya points out that the mechanical 
adjustments necessary for using waterpower 
would cost the four Spinning Companies a 
total sum of 700,000 yen. It the Kinugawa 
projectors are willing to indemnify the com- 
panies for this outlay, the matter becomes 
easy. 

Meanwhile the Anglo Japanese Hydro- 
Klectric Power Syndicate are said to be pur- 
suing their way calmly and confidently. 
They have received a favourable answer to 
their telegram inviting the English capitalists 
to send expeits, and they appear to 
have little apprehension on the score of 
competition. 



land ownership in Manchuria, the only foim 
of tenure possible to them being an incon- 
clusive kind of lease, the possession of land 
has proved a very untrustworthy security, 
and the Specie Bank has been hit more than 
once by lending money on the strength of 
such rights. Hence the Bank now refu-es 
all transactions of the kind, and limits itself 
to financing the operations of ordinary com- 
merce. The Government, it is said, en- 
deavoured to induce the Industrial Bank to 
step into the vacancy thus created, but this 
attempt not having proved successful, the 
business men of Dairen are now agitating in 
favour of a special bank. Investigations are at 
present being made by Mr. Katsura, Head of 
the Economic Bureau in the Finance Depart- 
ment, who was to leave Shanghai for Tokyo 
on the 1 1 tli inst ; and it is expected that his 
report will settle the matter one way or the 
other. What perplexes us is that, if the 
Specie Bank has already been deterrec by 
expensive experiments from engaging in this 
business, and if the Industrial Bank declines 
to be persuaded to undertake it, one can not 
see that there is much in it for any other bank. 

Mr. Katsuda, head ol the Rizai-kyoku in 
the Department of Finance, has just return- 
ed from a tour in Manchuria whither he went 
specially to investigate the advisability of 
establishing a large Central Bank in 
Manchuria. He reports that there are 
two paities with regard, to this ques- 
tion. One set of business men maintain that 
there is no opening for such a bank, inasmuch 
as the conditions relating to land tenure are 
so unsatisfactory that this important form of 
real propeity can not be taken as security 
for loans. According to the view of these 
people, the banking facilities already provided 
are sufficient. The other party hold that 
although the Chinese excel the Japanese 
in minor operations of trade, the situation 
is reversed when big transactions are in 
question. Hence if genuine encouragement 
is to be given to the exercise of Japanese 
business faculty, a large central bank is 
essential. The former party appear to be 
the more numerous, and we judge from Mr. 
Katsuda's statements that the project of a 
central bank is likely to be abandoned. 

Referring to Mr. Katsuda, we may here 
add that he speaks of the rights-recovery 
fever as showing no tendency whatever to 
diminish. At the same time he observes that 
it is not directed specially against the Japa- 
nese, all foreign nationalities alike being 
included. He fuither recounts that there is 
very keen competition for the privilege of 
supplying materials for the new Chinese 
railways. Thus in the case of the Tsin-l'u 
line no less than 2S tenders were put in for 
supplying sleepers, and it is noteworthy that 
among the tenders Chinese subjects were 
found for the first time. 



THE FAKUMEN RAILWAY QUESTION. 



A J A PANES E BANK IN MANCHURIA. 



We read in the Hochi Shinibun that the 
Japanese merchants in Daiien are endeavour- 
ing to obtain the establishment of a large 
bank in Manchuria, but we can not discover 
that any veiy valid reasons are advanced in 
support of this project. The story told is 
that as foreigners do not enjoy the right of 



We read in the Xifpon SJiitnhun that 
Japan 's proposals about I lie Fakumen ques- 
tion are these : — First, she suggests that if 
it be desired to bring Fakumen into the rail- 
way system, the thing should be accom- 
plished by China building a toad to that 
place from some point 011 the South Man- 
churia Railway ; second, that if the above 
plan does not suit China, the Japanese Gov- 
ernment should constiuct a road from the 
South Manchuria line to Fakumen, and 
carry it thence northward. It will be observed 
that this intelligence is merely a repetition 
of the news sent recently by Mr. Chiiol to 
The limes. 



July 17, 1909.1 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. W»tt**HAnrB»HaK*»it?j 67 



THE SUGAR SCAhDAL. 



The investigations of the preliminary tribu- 
nal in the case of the Directors and Auditors 
of the Dai Nippon Sugar Refining Company 
have now been concluded, and the eight men 
have been duly committed for trial. With 
regard to the President, Mr. Sakawa.the court 
finds that his offence was limited to using 
bribes, but the other Directois are arraigned 
upon very grave charges. Thus Messrs. 
Isomura, Akiyama, Takatsu, Ito, Fukukawa, 
Tsunegawa and Endo are all accused of 
forging private seals, forging and using 
private documents, fraud and e mbezzlement. 

On receipt of the above finding o( the 
Preliminary Court, at 7 a.m. on the nth 
instant, Mr. Sakawa quietly watched for an 
opportunity when the members of his house- 
hold were not attending, made his way into 
the room of his jinrikisha drawer, and shot 
himself with a pistol, applying the muzzle to 
the front of his forehead. Death was instant- 
aneous. Mr. Sakawa was formerly Head of 
Rizai Kyohi in the Finance Department. 
He resigned that position to become 
President of the Sugar Company. 

A correction must be made of the news 
published in Tokyo on the 11th inst. as to 
the nature of the crimes with regard to which 
the Preliminary Tribunal had lound a 
prima facie case against the Directors and 
Auditors of the Dai Nippon Sugar Refining 
Company. The actual finding was as 
follows : — The President, Mr. Sakawa, was 
remanded for trial on a charge of forging 
documents and misappropiiation of funds; 
Mr. Yendo, one of the managing Directors, on 
a charge of forgery ; and the remaining six 
Directors and Auditors, namely, Messrs. Iso- 
mura, Akiyama, Takatsu, Ito, Tsunegawa and 
Fukukawa are arraigned on charges of forgery, 
misappropriation and biibery and corruption. 
The facts related are that in May, 1908, 
when the business of making up the returns 
for the halt-yearly meeting had to be under- 
taken, Mr. Yendo, whose chief duty was 
connected with the accounts, informed 
Mr. Isomura that the total profit avail- 
able for purposes of dividend did not 
exceed 103,265 ven. To this Mr. Isomura 
replied that closer scrutiny would doubtless 
lead to the discovery of other funds, and that 
in any circumstances a dividend of 15 per 
cent, must be declared. On considering how 
this might be effected, the conclusion reached 
was that the most facile direction in which to 
undertake manipulation would be that of 
customs duties. The Company owed no less 
than 6,378,328 yen on this account, and 
it was decided to assume that 850,000 
yen o( that total had been actually paid, so 
that a corresponding sum would become 
available for purposes of dividend. In this 
fraud Mr. Isomura was the chief actor. 
The second count involves Messrs. Sakawa, 
Isomura, Akiyama, Takatsu and Ito. These 
five were engaged in the scheme to bribe mem- 
bers of the Diet in the 1906 ^session, in order 
to procure the passage of the bill providing 
for a rebate of duties on raw sugar. A sum of 
121,300 yen was employed for this purpose, 
and the accounts were manipulated so as to 
represent the money as having been spent 
on conducting the Company's industry in 
Formosa. This constitutes the offence of 
forging documents. The third count in- 
volves the whole of the Directors and 
Auditors with the exception of Messrs. 
Sakawa and Yendo. The charge is that, 
foreseeing a strong probability of an 
increased consumption tax on sugar, the 



Directors and Auditors came to the 
conclusion that the interests of the country 
would be best consulted by the establish- 
ment of a Government monopoly and 



the transfer of the whole of the property 
to the State. A meeting was held on the 23rd 
of December, 1907, to discuss means of 
effecting this change, and it was then deter- 
mined to approach leading members of the 
Sciyu-kai and the Daido Club in order to 
procure the introduction of a monopoly bill 
in the Diet's 24th session (1907-8). For 
this purpose a sum of 40,000 yen was em- 
ployed and recourse was again had to the 
device of manipulating the accounts so as to 
convert expenditure into income. In the 
next charge the names of Messrs. Sakawa, 
Isomura, Akiyama, Takatsu and Ito are 
concerned. The accusation is that, having 
come to the conclusion that it would be to 
the advantage of the Company to be as 
largely represented as possible in the Lower 
House, they resolved to employ a sum of 
62,200 yen in the general election of 1908. 
Out of this money 500 ven was given to 
assist Mr. Kawashima Kameo and 1000 to 
Mr. Hasegawa Toyokichi, while the whole 
of the remainder was employed to secure the 
return of Messrs. Isomura and Akiyama. 
In order to obtain this money the ac- 
counts were again manipulated so as to 
show that a sum really due to the Osaka 
branch office had been paid. In the next 
count the whole eight Directors and Auditors 
are concerned except Messrs. Tsunegawa 
and Yendo. The charge is that after a con- 
sultation among themselves, and under pre- 
tence of benefiting the Company, they ex- 
pended a sum of 502,006 yen on the purchase 
of 210,5 15 shares of the Toyo Seito Kaisha. 
Their idea was to bring about the purchase of 
the latter company by the Dai Nihon Seito 
Kaisha, in which event the shares of the 
Toyo Seito Kaisha, which had never yet 
been able to pay a dividend, would 



Agriculture and Commerce, where he 
rose to be the head of the Agricultural 
Bureau. This post he was induced to give 
up in 1907 for the purpose ot becoming 
President of the Sugar Company. He held 
the degree of hakase and was looked upon as 
above all things a man of science. Baron 
Shibusawa is quoted as saying that Prof. 
Sakawa had again and again signified 
a desire to resign the presidency of the 
Company, and had again and again ex- 
pressed the conviction that the Directors 
were corrupt, and that the Company's 
affairs could not be placed upon a sound 
basis. He was, however, induced to remain 
in consideration of the fact that having 
resigned his official appointment, it would 
be altogether premature to reverse the 
arrangement within the short period of a 
year and a half. 

The late President of the Sugar Company 
certainly took the most efficacious method 
of enlisting the sympathy of his countrymen 
and establishing his own innocence when he 
decided to commit suicide. It is a universal 
habit to credit the utterances of men on 



the eve of death, and the public will 
doubtless extend that confidence to Dr. 
Sakawa's last testament. He will be 
acquitted of anything worse than want of 
sufficient strength of mind to deal with a 
most difficult situation. Wisdom that 
follows the event is very easy to exercise, 
yet we can not refrain from saying that if 
any real doubts were entertained as to the 
integrity of the Directors of the Sugar Com- 
pany, it was at least futile and even cruel to 
place a stranger in the president's seat, thus 
condemning him to deal single-handed 
with a complicated situation and with a 
number of men who knew every turn and 
twist of the game and were perfectly un- 
scrupulous in their manner of playing it. 
The task proved too much for Dr. Sakawa. 
necessarily acquire a vicarious value. The " e . had "<* strength of mind sufficient to 
concerns the whole eight men ,us .'? t °» ful1 explanations, and although he 



it would lend 20 yen against a 
which 12.50 yen had been paid 



final charge concerns tue w 
except Messrs. Sakawa and Yendo. This 
is an interesting manoeuvre. It appears that 
the Company was in the habit of lending 
its spare funds on the security of its 
own shares. Thus it would lend 80 yen 
against a fully paid up share of 50 yen, and 

share on 
up. The 

interest charged upon these loans was 7 per 
cent., and it was payable half-yearly after 
the distribution of the Company's dividends. 
Consequently so long as the dividend 
amounted to 15 or 20 percent there was ob- 
viously a certain and very substantial gain 
for any one borrowing money on such terms. 
The total amount of the Company's funds 
which these six Directors manipulated in 
this manner was 964,650 yen. The chaige 
of fraud in connexion with the purchase 
of the Dairi Refinery was rejected as non- 
proven. 

A great deal of sympathy appears to be 
felt with Mr. Sakawa. It is universally 
thought that he was not actually privy to 
any of the above frauds, and that his fault 
did not extend beyond trusting his 
Directors too implicitly. Everything goes 
to indicate that he had long made up 
his mind to commit suicide if he was 
remanded for public trial. He is said 
to have assembled his family some time 
ago and to have solemnly warned them 
against the danger of associating with evil 
companions. Rumour alleges that he has 
left a long testament. He graduated from 
the Agricultural College in 1883 and subse- 
quently became a teacher of that College, 
and an expert in the Department of 



evidently felt much uneasiness, he allowed 
himself to drift with the tide of dishonesty. 
His advice to his children as he looked back 
from the edge of the grave was most pathe- 
tic. It is probable that his death will have 
a most excellent effect upon the com- 
mercial morality of the time. It appeals 
to the best instincts of the Japanese, and will 
greatly help to remind them that in the old 
times their forefathers preferred the grave to 
the company of disgrace. Several papers 
comment on the occurrence, and their unani- 
mous voice is one of approval of the manly 
tone of Dr. Sakawa's testament, in which he 
blames nobody but himself and recognises 
his own responsibility for the whole of his 
misfortunes. 

The one unsightly feature of the incident is 
furnished by a Tokyo newspaper which 
practically taunts General Yenya for want of 
courage to do as Dr. Sakawa has done. 

It goes without saying that Baron Shibu- 
sawa finds some detractors in connexion 
with this lamentable affair. He is blamed 
for neither allowing Dr. Sakawa to resign 
nor for helping him to unravel the situation 
caused by the chicanery of the Sugar Com- 
pany's Directors. Baron Shibusawa doubt- 
less takes the natural view that every 
man is master of his own actions, and 
that if one finds oneself in contact with crime, 
there can be no excuse for failing to 
denounce or for perfunctorily winking at its 
continuance. If once it became an acknow- 
ledged doctrine that men could evade their 
responsibilities and avoid censure by taking 
their own lives, the true creed of manliness 
would be materially vitiated. 



68 mn*z*:iAi*B*2HftiRftB?r the japan weekly mail. 



[July 17, 1909. 



MANCHURIA. 



A telegram from Dairen announces that 
the operation of relieving the railway guards 
has been completed and that the reliefs have 
arrived by three vessels. The numbers 
carried away, by each vessel are given, and 
we observe that the total is 3627, which 
may be assumed as an approximation to the 
strength of the Japanese railway guards in 
Manchuria. 

Yesterday's news stated that Mr. Lu, 
Chinese Commissioner for the Kilin-Chang- 
chun Railway, had been attacked by illness, 
and that in consequence the negotiations 
with regard to this line had been broken 
off. Tin's morning a telegram conies to 
the Jiji Sliimpo saying that Lu's illness 
is diplomatic, that he has returned to 
Peking without any intimation of his 
departure, and that his action consti- 
tutes a new proof of China's unwilling- 
ness to arrive at an understanding with 
Japan. The Onto, on the other hand, has 
a cablegram saying that Mr. Lu's illness is 
not only genuine but also incurable, and that 
his return to Peking was more or less a 
necessity. We ourselves are inclined to 
credit the latter version, for on the whole 
the Chinese have not shown any conspicuous 
reluctance to come to an agreement about 
this particular question. 

It appears according to the telegrams that 
the Directors of the South Manchuria Rail- 
way have decided to abolish all collateral 
carrying companies and to organise a direct 
transport service for the purpose of feeding 
the Railway. Nothing has hitheito been 
heard on this subject, but we presume that 
there exist in Manchuria organisations of the 
nature of the Tsuun Kaisha in Japan, which 
carry goods to and from their destinations 
on either side of the Railway. These are 
now to be replaced by a service under the 
direct control of the Railway authorities, and 
compensation to the extent of 360,000 yen 
is to be given to the old cairiers. 

Viceroy Hsi Liang arrived at Ilaibin on 
the nth inst. and set out the next day for 
Tsitsihar. According to his present pro- 
gramme his return journey will be over tiie 
same route, and he will find some important 
questions awaiting solution when he returns 
to Harbin. Evidently he is in no hurry to 
reopen the negotiations with Japan. 

The Kokumin Shhnburis Peking corres- 
pondent sends an interesting telegram about 
the railway projects of the Chinese Govern- 
ment. Some time ago we were told that, 
recognising the impossibility of the Hsin- 
mintun-Fakumen line, China had decided 
to substitute a road staiting from Kinchow 
in the neighbourhood of Shaukaikwau 
to Tsitsihar via Yaonan. Hut apprehend- 
ing that this also would be a " parallel " 
line, she is now thinking of taking for 
starling point Tungchow on the Peking- 
Tientsin line. From thence a road could be 
carried over the Great Wall to Jehol and 
thence to Tsitsihar via Yunan. Our con- 
temporary's correspondent justly observes 
that such a railway could not possibly be 
considered to have any commercial prospects, 
and that funds to construct it would be very 
difficult to find. 



THE \ ALU LUMBER TROUBLE. 



to between Mr. Consul Okabe and Mr. Chin, 
Taotai of Antung. Since, however, this 
agreement has to do with the question of profit 
derived from the industry, it will require the 
endorsement of the Chinese lumber-men 
working in the forests. As for the wood 
cutters, they do not appear to have been at 
all pacified. Fresh intelligence comes of 
riotous discontent on their part, and the Tao- 
tai of Antung has sent commissioners to in 
quire into the facts. 

The complications connected with the 
Yah] Lumber Industry appear to be amicably 
settled. The points at issue were, first, the 
price to be paid for timber to the wood-men; 
and secondly, the price at which this timber 
was to be sold to the middlemen. An 
agreement on both points having been 
arrived at between the Taotai of Antung 
and Mr. Consul Okabe, its provisions were 
submitted to the wood-men and the middle- 
men, both of whom endorsed it. 1$ was 
expected that this arrangement would go 
into operation from the nth inst. 

Our readers will remember that news was 
received a few days ago to the effect that 
the Yalu Lumber trouble had been satis- 
factorily adjusted. They will also have 
observed that hitherto the whole blame for 
the complication has been placed on the 
shoulders of the Chinese. There is now 
reason to think, however, not only that 
the trouble is still unsettled but also 
that it owes its origin to the Japanese them- 
selves. That is what we gather from 
information collected by the Asalii Shimbun 
in official quarters. The main fact appears 
to be that the functions of middlemen have 
hitherto been discharged entirely by the 
Chinese, and that in order to insure the 
smooth working of the enterprise, it has been 
thought advisable to leave this system in 
operation for the present without any change. 
The Japanese, however, are anxious to get 
the lucrative work of the middlemen into 
their own hands, in part at any rate if not 
altogether; and they are agitating to achieve 
that end. But the authorities were prepared 
for such a denouement By. and by, of course, 
some change in this system may be effected, 
but for the present it is thought advisable to 
adhere to the old custom. 



MR. MIZUMACHI. 



The 16 Japanese constables who were 
sent to the upper reaches of the Yalu River 
to protect Japanese life and property are to 
be recalled to Antung, and it is staled that 
an agreement of t6 articles has been come 



Mr. Mizmnachi, formerly Japanese Finan- 
cial Commissioner in London, has just 
returned to Japan. He is quoted as saying 
that Japanese State securities are in high 
favour abroad. The Government's policy of 
refraining from further debts, appropriate 
ii g laige sums for the redemption of 
existing debts, and reducing expenditures 
on account of armaments lias nut with 
whole-hearted approval in the West. If 
Japanese securities have fluctuated of late it 
lias been entirely owing to a question of 
coupons. On the other hand, Mr. Mizu- 
nlachi emphatically disapproves of the cus- 
tom now prevailing in Japan, namely, having 
free recourse to foreign loans for municipal 
purposes. lie says that European munici- 
palities seldom go abroad to borrow money, 
and that when they do they get it at 
3^2 per cent., wheieas Japanese munici- 
palities are willing to pay 5 per cent, foi 
bonds on which they receive only 92 or 
93 yen. Moreover the sums in question are 
epiite petty, and such a system is distinctly 
iiijiuions to Japan's ciedit. 

Referring to the prospects of conversion 
Mr. Mizumachi says that London is about 
filled up witli Japanese securities, but that 
there is still room in Paris. 



THE QUESTIONS BETWEEN CHINA 
AND JAPAN. 



There are two very conflicting accounts 
this morning with reference to China's 
attitude towards the questions pending 
between herself and Japan. One account 
is sent by the Jiji' s Peking correspondent. 
It says that the Chinese Government has at 
last fully awaked to the pressing nature of the 
problems under discussion with its neighbour, 
and has decided to send to Tokyo a special 
commissioner armed with plenipotentiary 
power to effect a settlement, which com- 
missioner is said to be Mr. Tang Shaoi. 
The Kokumin Shimbun, however, writes in 
a very different strain. It says, in effect, that 
the conduct of Mr. Lu with regard to the 
Kilin Changchun Railway problem illustrates 
the Chinese mood. The matter remaining to 
be settled in connexion with that railway 
is a mere bagatelle, namely, the nature of 
the currency which shall be used in 
depositing the earnings of the Railway 
with the Specie Bank. Yet, instead of 
adjusting this one paltry subject, Mr. 
Lu has suddenly taken his departure for 
Peking on the ground of sickness, and the 
whole of the negotiations are again hung up. 
If so small a question is not adjusted 
by the Chinese negotiators, it is plain that 
their attitude towards the very much larger 
problem of the Mukden-Antung Railway can 
not be expected to show much sincerity. 

According to the NicJd Nichi Shimbun, the 
Japanese Government has decided that it is 
futile to continue local negotiations which are 
subject to be interrupted at any moment by 
such incidents as the sudden departure of a 
Viceroy on a tour of inspection or the sud- 
den illness of a Plenipotentiary. Hence- 
forward, therefore, Peking will be made the 
site of the discussions. 



ANOTHER CASE OE BRIBERY AND 
CORRUPTION. 

Ano' her case of bribery and corruption is 
to come up for public trial immediately in 
Osaka. The accused person is a well known 
politician of the Stiyn hai, Mr. Tachikawa 
Umpei, who acted as Chairman of the Peti- 
tions Committee in the Lower House of the 
Diet last session. The charge is simple. 
According to Japanese law, if an inban or a 
rural commune desires to have a slaughter- 
house of its own, instead of entrusting this 
business to a private company, the said 
commune is entitled to order the closure of 
any private slaughter-house that may be in 
existence at the place in question, without 
giving any compensation, but merely on the 
xpiration of a reasonably long notice. Under 
the provisions of this law four companies 
last year became apprehensive that they 
ould be compelled to abandon their busi- 
ness. They were the Tojo Kalmshiki Kaisha 
Osaka ; the corresponding company in 
Kyoto ; the Japanese Cattle Company \ X:[>- 
pOH Kachiku Kaisha), and the Slaugliter- 
1 louse Law Improvement League (Tojo-ho 
Kaisei Domei Kaisha) These four institu- 
tions accordingly prepared a petition and pre- 
sented it to the Lower House of the Diet, 
accompanying it with a sum of 2,000 yen, 
which was handed to the Chairman of the 
Petitions Committee, Mr. Tachikawa. A 
promise was at the same time made to him 
that, if the Committee recommended the 
petition for the House's appioval, a further 
sum of 2000 yen would be given The 
Preliminary Court has found that evidence 
establishing the truth of this story is forth* 
coming, ami Mr. Tachikawa has accordingly 
been committed for public tiial. 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



69 



COTTON YARNS. 



The Shogyo Shimpo has a note about the 
export of cotton yams during the first half 
of the current year. It appears that the 
record is second only to that obtained in 
the corresponding period of 1907, which was 
a bumper season. The figures are as 
follow : — 

Bales. Yen. 

First half 1909 123,379 14,823,976 

Second ,, 1908 66,492 7,900,438 

First „ 1908 101,350 12,823,466 

Second „ 1907 87,58 1 11,788,209 

First ,, 1907 138,894 18,558,510 

So far as quantity is concerned our contem- 
porary is confident that the current year 
will equal il not excel 1907, but prices being 
lower the monetary result will be corres- 
pondingly less for 1909. 

We may mention here that the Kanega- 
fuchi Spinning Company held its general 
meeting on the 13th inst. in Tokyo and 
declared a dividend of 14 per cent, per 
annum. This absorbed 549,797 yen out of 
the total profits of 701,4997^. A hundred 
thousand yen was placed to the reserves and 
the remainder was carried to the next ac- 
count, the total thus carried forward being 
748,045 yen. 

Meanwhile the question of the Cotton 
Yarn Trust is beginning to be discussed. 
The Trust was formed originally for the 
purpose of reducing production in the face of 
a falling market, and the signatories are 
bound by a heavy penalty to maintain the 
combination until the end of next October. 
The small producers joined this trust greatly 
agains"; the grain, and are now beginning to 
advocate the break-up of the Union after 
the above date. The Fuji Gassed Spinning 
Company lias joined the malcontents, and 
although its defection would not great- 
ly matter were its yarns limited to the 
fine counts now manufactured by it, the 
Company will soon have a large factory for 
coarse counts at Koyama in Shimotsuke. 
Hence its secession from the Union would be 
a serious matter, and things now tend to 
indicate that the Trust will not be continued. 



contest lay between Viscount Fujitani, re- 
presenting the Keukyu-kai, and Viscount 
Sagara, representing the Danwa-kai. The 
Kcnkyu kai has been for many years prac- 
tically supreme and has always stood for 
conservative principles. The Damva-kai, on 
the other hand, consists of a group of Liberals 
tlve majority of whom recently broke away 
from the Keukyu-kai, And who are regarded as 
the nucleusofa Seiyu.-kai section in the House 
of Peers. Viscount Fujitani polled 196 votes, 
and for Viscount Sagara 98 were cast, so 
that the majority in favour of the Keukyu- 
kai candidate was 98. This, at first sight, 
looks like a signal victory for the Seiyu-kai, 
but in well informed circles the amount of 
support which the Danwa-kai candidate vvaa 
able to command is evidently considered 
very suggestive. 



FOREIGN TRADE. 



The Customs Returns for the first ten 
days of the current month show that ex- 
ports totalled 7,756,000 yen, and imports, 
10, t40,ooo^«, the excess of imports being 
2,384,000 yen. This makes the following 
figures for the period January 1st to July 
loth :— 

Yen. 

Exporls 193,217,000 

Imports 223,701,000 

Excess of Imports 30,484,000 

Evidently unless a radical change soon 
occurs, the expected restoration of the 
balance of trade will not be effected during 
the remaining period of this year. In 190S, 
the excess of imports during the first half of 
the year was 80,587,000 yen, which figure 
fell to 58,01 1,789 yen by the end of Decem- 
ber. If there be an equal recovery between 
now and the close of the year, the balance 
will still be in the wrong direction to the 
extent of some 8 millions, instead of being 
favourable to the extent of 20 millions as 
some predict. 



THE YANGTSZ. 



July 17, 1 909.] 



HSINMINTUN AND MUKDEN. 

From time to time newspapers contain 
references to Japan's refusal to allow China 
to carry her Hsinmintun Railway into the 
capital of Manchuria, and these references 
are generally accompanied by charges that 
Japan is acting the part of a dog in the 
manger. Certainly at first sight it does 
appear strange that China should not be 
permitted to connect a railway of her 
own with the capital of three provinces of her 
own, and in this particular case the problem 
is complicated by the fact that, according to 
ordinary maps, the Hsinmintun Railway 
already runs to Mukden, and, according to 
historical records, the restitution of the 
Hsinmintun and . Mukden line by Japan to 
China was conventionally promised, which 
promise Japan subsequently fulfilled. But 
the fact is that the military line built by 
Russia to Hsinmintun, which line fell into 
Japan's hands in the sequel of the war and, 
having been reconstructed by her, was sub- 
sequently sold back to China — this line 
never actually communicated with the city 
of Mukden : it stopped at a point some 
miles west of the South-Manchuria road. 
To reach Mukden it would have to cross 
the latter road. Japan does not object to 
that, as we understand the situation. What 
she objects to is that her own railway 
should be excluded from the Manchuria n 
capital, and, at the same time, should 
be crossed by a Chinese line which 
communicates with that capital. Such an 
arrangement would secure to the Chinese 
railway all the Mukden traffic, while leaving 
out in the cold the Japanese line which now 
runs nearer to Mukden than the Hsinmintun 
line does. It is said that the Japanese are 
quite willing to allow the Hsinmintun rail- 
way to be carried on to Mukden, provided 
that the Chinese reciprocate by agreeing to 
the construction of a short branch from a 
point on the South Manchuria road to that 
city. 



THE RUSSIAN TOURISTS. 



The Russian tourists who left Japan a few 
days ago and who are spoken of in this 
country under the somewhat poetic epithet 
of kankddan (light-viewers), have arrived at 
Vladivostock and are said to be expressing 
unbounded satisfaction with the welcome 
they received in Japan. It is expected that 
other bodies of tourists will soon follow their 
example. 

The reception given to the Russian tourists 
during their recent visit to Japan seems to 
have afforded genuine satisfaction. The 
Vladivostock newspaper by which the 
expedition was planned publishes an article 
alluding in the warmest terms to the incident. 
It says that even at petty stations along the 
railways the Russians were accorded a wel- 
come such as might be extended to conquer- 
ing heroes, and that when the party left 
Vladivostock not one of their number dream- 
ed of such a reception. 

All this is confirmed by the Asahi Shim- 
bun's correspondent who seems to have 
travelled in the steamer which carried the 
tourists from Tsuruga to Vladivostock. He 
says that they were in the highest possible 
spirits, and that the treatment they had 
received in Japan was a constant topic of 
conversation. It is certainly novel in the 
history of the world that two nations which, 
four years ago, were engaged in a mortal 
combat should now be animated by such 
strong feelings of mutual friendship. 



THE WKYO RAILWAY. 



There is no sign of an amicable under- 
standing between the Tokyo Railway Com- 
pany and the Municipality with regard 
to the question of a maintenance fund. 
The Company points out that shipping 
enterprises always lay by a maintenance 
fund to provide against the wear and tear 
of their vessels, and that nobody has ever 
dreamed of including these funds among the 
nett profits of the enterprises. The Munici- 
pality declines, however, to class an electric 
train company and a maritime carrying 
company in the same category. Apparently 
the aldermen adopt the extraordinary view 
that the rails and rolling stock of a tram 
company can be made everlasting, if due 
repairs be effected from time to time. That 
is the gist of the point at issue, according to 
the Shogyo Shimpo, but we find the state- 
ment scarcely credible, for it is impossible to 
attribute to the city aldermen such a 
phantasy as the notion that tram cars and 
rails can be permanently used withont re- 
placement. 



THE HOUSE OF FEERS. 



The election of a Viscount to fill the 
vacancy in the representation of that 
Order in the Upper House took place 
on the 10th inst. Considerable interest 
attached to the event, inasmuch as the 



Brief telegrams received in Tokyo say 
that the flood in the Yangtsz is very serious 
and that the loss of life and property has 
been heavy. The season has been marked 
by extremes. For many weeks the regions 
of central China suffered from a drought 
which threatened to be fatal to the crops, 
and the next experience was an inundation. 

We may mention here that Korea was 
threatened with a similar catastrophe in the 
matter of continuous dry weather, but in her 
case the succeeding rains have not been 
disastrous. The Emperor actually resorted 
to the expedient of cutting down his daily 
menu to show his sympathy with the 
threatened distress, but histaDle was recently 
restored on the appearance of genial rains. 

As for the weather in Japan, the meteoro- 
logical authorities will not yet admit that 
the rainy season has taken its final departure. 
They fix the 18th or the 19th as the prob- 
able date of that event. 



THE WEATHER. 



The Meteorological authorities are kind 
enough to vouchsafe the interesting intelli- 
gence that summer has fairly set in. Ac- 
cording to their estimate the season has been 
hitherto most favourable. We should think 
that their verdict as to summer will be 
endorsed by everybody who has a chance of 
flying to the hills. 



7& Nfatti^H;mBMHfi«ftfo!&»j the JApan Weekly mail, 



[July 17, 1909. 



THE RAILWAY PURCHASE LOAN. 



We are perplexed at finding in the 
columns of some of our local contemporaries 
a statement that 500 million yen worth of 
Railway-purchase Bonds are to be handed 
over at the close of this month, and an 
account of apprehensions connected with the 
issue of such a large block of State securities. 
There appears to be some misapprehension. 
The total amount of Bonds to be delivered 
in connexion with this transaction of railway 
nationalization was 476,348,800 yen, and 
out of that total the sum actually delivered 
up to the end of May, 1909, was 
289,775,800 yen. Hence the balance re- 
maining to be issued is 186,543,000 yen, 
being more than 100 million yen less than 
the moiety of the whole. Since the market 
lias digested the larger half without apparent 
inconvenience, we see no reason to anticipate 
that the issue of the smaller half will be 
attended with any special embarrassment. 
Nevertheless it seems probable that the 
market has been more or less depressed by 
the fact that this transaction was hanging 
over it, and that the final issue of the bonds 
will be a relief. 



MAX NORDAU 'S WLI1ENESS. 



Dr. Nordau is a remarkable man and a 
certain eclat attends everything he does. 
He has now signally proved himself to be 
an exponent of giaceful courtesy. It appears 
that the Japanese poet, Noguchi, whose Eng- 
lish verses have won some fame in the United 
States, was recently criticised in very 
scathing terms by the Japan Herald, which 
said, interalia, that Noguchi's writing illus- 
trates that confusion of the spheres of the 
senses denounced by Nordau as a symptom 
•of degeneracy. Mr. Noguchi, who has 
magnificent assurance, retorted thatNordau's 
celebrated work is no longer taken seriously, 
and hinted that Nordau himself had con- 
structively admitted its frivolity in a letter 
addressed to him, Mr. Noguchi, many years 
ago. The Japan Herald sent to Max Nordau 
its review and Noguchi's retoit, whereupon 
Nordau dubbed Noguchi *' an infatuated 
Guy Fawkes of Anglo- Japanese letters " and 
" an impudent churl." The eminent philo- 
sopher evidently practices a special kind of 
philosophy. 



THE " KYORI KOGYO KABUSHIKI 
KAISHA." 



This is the name taken by the company 
newly formed in Japan with the object 
of contracting for the supply of materials 
in connexion with Chinese railways. 
The Company has already been spoken 
of in these columns, and it will suffice 
to say now that its programme is to 
join hands with the English contractors, 
Messrs. Spauling & Co. so as to supply 
Japanese materials and Japanese expert 
labour wherever such a course can be pur- 
sued with advantage. It has been decided 
to send Mr. Odagiri (originally Consul- 
Gcneral at Shanghai and subsequently an 
officer of the Specie Bank) to consult with 
Lord Ffrench, who represents Messrs. Spaul- 
ing & Co. in that city. 



THE BOMB THROWING IN PEKING. 

Some three years ago, on the occasion of 
the departure from Peking of the Commis- 
sioners sent by China to investigate foreign 
constitutional systems, a bomb was thrown, 
but the result was only the shattering of the 



thrower, whose name was discovered to be 
VVu, after long investigations. Subsequently 
Mr. Chang, expectant Taotai of Canton, was 
arrested on a chargeof complicity and thrown 
into jail in Tientsin. The telegram says that 
he has just made his escape. It appears 
that in the confusion which followed the 
recent death of the Viceroy of Pehchili a 
rumour was spread to the effect that Tientsin 
was about to be invaded by a band of rioters 
from Lanchow, and Chang's friends took 
advantage of the excitement thus caused 
and succeeded in spiriting him out of jail. 
Chang is said to have studied in Belgium 
and to be affiliated with the French anarchists. 



TOKYO STOCK EXCHANGE. 



Friday, July 9. 
The market remains dull in view of the 
inclement weather. Unless sunshine be 
soon seen, a new era of depression will prob- 
ably be witnessed. 

Saturday, July 10. 
The Stock Exchange continues to labour 
under the depressing influences of the weather 
and of apprehensions as to complications 
with China. There was a general fall of 
prices on the 10th hist, both in Osaka and 
in Tokyo. 

Monday, July 12. 
The re-appearance of sunshine gave an 
upward impetus to the market on the 1 2th 
instant. News of an unfavourable balance 
of trade during the first ten days of the 
month checked the upward movement tem- 
porarily. On the whole, however, the feel- 
ing was stronger. 

Tuesday, July 13. 
Large profit-taking sales by prominent 
brokers disturbed the market on the 13th 
instant and there was an almost universal 
fall of prices, especially in Kanegafuchi 
shares. Selling seems to be the order of 
the day, and the inference is that another 
period of depression is anticipated. 



Wednesday, July 14. 
Very little business was done on the 
14th hist. 

Thursday, July 15. 
The 15th instant witnessed symptoms of 
activity but not sufficiently marked to war- 
rant any prediction of continuance. We 
append the quotations for September 



delivery : — 

July 13th. July 15th. 

Tanko Kisen 43 20 ... 44.05 ... + .85 

Tokyo Railway 64 55 ... 65.00 ... + .45 

Kei-hin Railway 63 20 ... 63.30 ... + .10 

Vusen Kaisha 7940 ••• 79-8o ••• + .40 

Toyo Kisen — ... — ... . — 

Tokyo Gas 98.95 ... 98 95 ... . — 

Tokyo Dcnto 91.80 ... 93 50 ... +1.70 

Fuji Gass Spinning 106.95 ...108 95 ••• +2.00 

Tokyo Spinning 48.95 ... 48.30 ... — .65 

Kanegafuchi Spinning ... 99.35 ...101.45 ••• +2.10 

Beer 76.40 ... 7670 ... + .30 

Sugar — ... — ... . — 

Hoden Oil 99-55 ...100.75 ... +1.20 

Nippon Oil 101.70 ... — ... . — 

Stock Exchange 157-40 ... 1 59-95 ... +2.55 



THE HONGKONG AND SHANGHAI BANK. 



We are informed by the local branch of the 
Hongkong and Shanghai Bank that the Directors 
will recommend in accordance with advices 
received from the Head Office in Hongkong 
subject to audit a distribution of the profits for the 
half year ending 30th ultimo as follows : — 

Payment ok a Dividend of 40 s.-tek Share. 

To be added to Silver Reserve S 750,000 

To be Carried forward to next half year. 5:0,000,000 



NOTES ON CURRENT EVENTS. 

Telegrams from Osaka announce that the 
results obtained by the Osaka Shosen Kaisha 
during the half year just ended were 
distinctly favourable. The Company em- 
ployed 120 ships with a gross tonnage of 
140,598, and its gross income was 6,055,261 
yen, being 194,040 yen greater than the 
income for the preceding term. The tele- 
grams say nothing about dividend. 

The annual graduation ceremony at the 
Imperial University took place on the 10th 
inst. The Emperor, accompanied by Prince 
Iwakura, Minister of the Imperial Household, 
proceeded to the University at 10.30 a.m., 
and the ceremony commenced shortly after- 
wards. There were 13 specially distinguished 
students to whom His Majesty granted 
silver watches. The numbers of graduates 
in the various colleges were as follow : — 



Law 367 

Medicine 1 14 

Engineering 204 

Literature 106 

Philosophy 38 

Agriculluie 89 



It is alleged (Asahi Sliimbun) that the 
Communications Department is engaged in 
drafting a law for the better control of electric 
enterprises in Japan. The main purpose of 
this legislation is to provide an intelligible 
and practical unit for measuring supplies of 
electi icity. In existing circumstances an 
electric light company, for example, sets 
up a meter in a customer's residence 
or in a public office and declares that, 
according to the showing of this instru- 
ment, a certain number of so-many-candle 
lights has been supplied in a certain time. 
But the person who has to pay the bill is 
entirely without any means of verifying this 
account. He has to take everything on 
trust, which is not the method pursued in 
any other branch of business. The bill pro- 
poses therefore to introduce some system 
which will enable users of electricity to 
accurately measure the dimensions of the 
quantity supplied to them. 

Vladivostock telegraphs to the Asahi 
Sliimbun that Admiral AlexiefT has obtained 
the Tsar's consent for the erection of a 
monument in memory of the officers, soldiers 
and sailors who perished in the defence of 
the Liaotung Peninsula. It appears that 
while Port Arthur was in Russian possession 
before the war a sum of 26,000 roubles was 
subscribed for the purpose of building 
churches at that place and at Talien. The 
idea now is to make this money the nucleus 
of a fund for the erection of an in-tnemo- 
riam monument, but where it is to be 
erected the telegram does not say. Port 
Arthnr would be the natural place, but there 
already exists there a monument erected by 
the Japanese for the same purpose. We arc 
inclined to think that the idea now is to 
build a church rather than a monument, and 
if that be so, Vladivostock will probably be 
chosen as the most appropriate site. 

Mr. Matsumoto Shunzo who was recently 
expelled from Australia by order of the 
Commonwealth Government on suspicion of 
being a military spy, is said to be now at 
New Caledonia whither he was carried by a 
French ship under a ticket supplied by the 
Australian Government. There is a some- 
what cryptic telegram which represents Mr. 
Matsumoto as much perplexed for a means to 
reach Japan, seeing that if he embarks in an 
ordinary steamer he will have to re-visit Aus- 
tralia en route, and will thus render himself 
liable to punishment. It is strenuously 



July i;, 1909. 1 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. «ffttt:E*H/j flrH*Hn*«fcl!3] 71 



denied in Japan that any grounds whatever 
exist for the accusation of spying. The only 
iuquiries which Mr. Matsumoto was engaged 
in making were undertaken in obedience to 
a commission from the Department of 
Agriculture and Commerce, and had nothing 
whatever to do with either military or 
naval affairs. 

With regard to the lease of the cricket 
ground which expires on the 29th inst. the 
Tokyo AsaJd says that it has been decided to 
cancel the lease, and to put the ground 
on a general footing ; that is to say, it will 
be available for use by either foreigners or 
Japanese on application. Our contemporary 
does not state whether it has been decided 
to maintain the ground in its present condi- 
tion. Unlessjhat be done, its use for pur- 
poses of cricket would be absolutely nil. 

According to the statistics compiled at the 
Bank of Japan we learn that out of 56 
tabulated commodities there was appreciation 
in the case of 20 during June last as 
compared with May ; depreciation in the 
case of 13, and no change in the case of 23. 
The nett result was that the average price of 
these 56 commodities stood at 99 .97 in June 
as against 100 in May. 

It is rumoured that the Admiralty are 
about to establish a new naval base in Bel- 
fast Lough, the spacious estuary of the 
Lagan. Coming upon the recently an- 
nounced decision to establish a dockyard 
and naval station in the estuary of the Tyne, 
the talk of docks for Dreadnoughts in the 
Humber, and renewal of the construction 
works at Rosyth, this report, if correct, 
suggests remarkable activity on the part of 
the British naval authorities. It might have 
been supposed that the existing Dockyard 
at Pembroke and the torpedo station at 
Lamlash sufficed for present needs, as far 
as the Irish Sea is concerned. 

The first-class cruiser Ibnki, which was 
built at Kure, has now been completely 
equipped and was to start for her final trial 
trip on the 12th inst., her destination being 
Hiroshima Bay. She is an armoured cruiser 
of over 14,000 tons with a speed of 21 
knots, and she has been built with money 
taken from the extraordinary special fund 
laid aside during the war. 



WE BOOKSHELF. 



Annotated Civil Code, by J. E. de Becker ; 
Yokohama, Messrs. Kelly & Walsh ; 
London, Messrs. Butterworlh & Company. 
This is a work covering 330 pages, with 28 
pages of Introductory Notes. It is divided 
into two Books, the first containing 6 chapters; 
the second 10. The number of Articles in 
the two Books is 398, and it will thus be 
seen that there is almost a page of annotation 
to every Article. The Author, in his preface, 
lays stress on the fact that every one is 
nominally bound to know the provisions of 
the laws of the land in which he lives, and 
if he suffers through ignorance, the law 
makes no allowance for him and has no 
mercy for his negligence in informing himself. 
But the law is not altogether fair in this 
matter. For, in a majority of cases, it 
does not take the trouble to state itself 
intelligibly from the point of view of the 
ordinary lay mind. What is then to be 
done ? The plea of ignorance is invalid, 
and the route to knowledge is inaccessible 
without special aid. It is precisely here that 
Mr. De Becker comes in. He not merely 
translates each Article in the clearest Eng- 
lish, but also adds in every case a succinct 
yet thorough explanation. The work of 
translation is in itself difficult enough, for it 
demands not merely an exact acquaintance 
with the Japanese language, but also com- 
plete familiarity with the sources from which 
Japanese Legislators have drawn their 
principles ; since without such familiarity it is 
frequently impossible to discover the precise 
English equivalents of the Japanese render- 
ings. The work of annotation calls for a still 
fuller equipment, and is indeed possible to a 
skilled jurisprudent only. Mr. De Becker 
has all the qualifications and he seems to 
have performed his task excellently, He 
has made it quite easy for men of ordinary 
intelligence and education to become perfect 
ly familiar with both the letter and the 
spirit of Japanese civil law, so far as he has 
gone. We do not suggest that every one 
should study this book with a view to 
exhaustive knowledge, but merely that every 
one should have it beside him, so as to be 
able to consult it in connexion with any 
contemplated transaction. That many vain 
regrets and many misapprehensions would 
thereby be avoided, there can be no manner 
of doubt. The author says : — 



and trustworthy men, and am convinced that they 
are animated with a sincere desire to render 
justice in an impartial spirit ; but when a crafty 
rogue has taken the precaution to keep to the 
windward of the law and to hedge himself safely in 
behind its provisions, while his straightforward, 
although blundering, adversary has neglected to 
study his legal position and has thus put himself in 
the wrong from a technical point of view, what can 
the judges do? They are bound to administer the 
law as it stands, and even Solomon in all his glory 
would have found himself handicapped under similar 
circumstances ! 

To this may be usefully added the words 
of Count Hayashi, who writes a preface to 
the work : — 

It would, however, he most lamentable, should 
the occasional non-success of foreign suitors, largely 
caused by their own want of letial knowledge, lead 
them either to cast unkind reflections upon the 
Courts or to doubt the impartiality of the Bench ; 
and, under these circumstances, it is cleatly 
the duty of professional men, whose occupations 
lead them to participate in legal and judicial 
matters, to do all in their power to lessen friction and 
smooth away difficulties by aiding to diffuse legal 
knowledge among foreigners who have any interest 
or stake in this Empire. 

Lying before us as we write is an official 
return, showing that from the date (1899) 
when the Revised Treaties went into opera- 
tion until the close of 1905, the number of 
civil actions tried by Japanese tribunals in 
which foreigners were concerned totalled 
114, and out of that aggregate the foreign 
litigant was successful in 80 instances. This 
practical and conclusive evidence fully con- 
firms what Mr. De Becker says as to the 
impaitiality of the Japanese judiciary 
vis a vis alien suitors, but unfortunately it is 
the unsuccessful litigants who raise their 
voices loudest, and by their outcry a false 
impression is produced. We trust that Mr. 
De Becker will be encouraged to continue 
his labours, for they are essential to the 
well-being of the foreign community. 



THE IMPERIAL PRESS CONFERENCE. 



The Department of Agriculture and Com- 
merce is said to be engaged in drawing up 
regulations for the conditioning of liabutaye. 
The present system of inspection varies 
according to localities, and the result is that 
nothing like uniformity of quality is obtained. 
The authorities recognise that this defect 
calls urgently for remedy, but they are not 

disposed to go to the lengths recommended j thin * s ha . s a . risen from 7"' °' know l^ge, but in no 
, r . r it . tm .11 countrv is ignorance of the law any valid excuse, 

by exporters of the staple. They will adopt j because, by a necessary fiction, all are bound to 
ft. Via media. \ know the provisions of the laws of the land in which 

I they live, and a failure to study them is deemed to be 
a species of neglect. Law, after all, is a hard, cold 



Foreign suitors have often put themselves hope- 
lessly in the wrong owing to (i) a misapprehension 
of the Japanese law, (2) omitting to adopt necessary 
legal precautions, and (3) their neglect to observe 
prescribed formalities. It is true that this state of 



It is scarcely necessary, we imagine, to 
warn our readers against placing any 
implicit credence in rumour purporting to 
represent the Government's policy with 
regard to tariff arrangements under the new 
regime. The greatest secrecy is necessarily 
observed in this matter and no intelligence 
can be obtained by newspapers except such 
as represents the views of irresponsible and 
therefore untrustworthy persons. If the story 
circulated be believed, the Japanese Govern- 
ment is about to engage in the futile task of 
attempting to frame a tariff which shall 
fulfil the twofold purpose of furnishing 
a maximum of revenue and affording a 
maximum of protection. Protection there 
will be, we presume, but revenue may be ex- 
pected to be the chief consideration. 



and somewhat cruel science, and the Courts can 
hardly be expected to deal kindly and indulgently 
with a man who is not legally and technically in the 
right. The duty of a Judge is to give judgments in 
accordance with the law, and under every code 
system the tendency is for interpretation to become 
rigid and inflexible. Unfortunately this occasionally 
results in the protection of smart knaves who have 
studied the terms of the legal art and are versed in 
its technicalities, while the honest unsophisticated 
iuitor, with nothing but a really just cause and his 
common sense to rely upon, finds, to his chagrin, 
that it is quite possible to be, metaphorically speak- 
ing, robbed in open Court by a smiling but 
unscrupulous adversary who is an adept in the 
game of legal hocus-pocus, and who knows exactly 
how to take mean advantage of the text of the law. 

That any suspicion should be entertained relative 
to the bona fides of the Imperial Courts is most 
unjust, for I am sure that the Japanese judges are, 



LORD ROSEBERY ON THE VALUE Of TRAVEL. 

In his speech at the Imperial Press Conference 
Lord Rosebery suggested that it would be a good 
thing for our statesmen to pay occasional visits 
to the oversea portions of the Empire, so that 
they might keep themselves in touch with the new 
movements and new ideas which are constantly 
springing up there. Some of them have already 
acted upon this principle and, indeed, in these 
days of State organisation and industrial com- 
plexity comparative study may be said to be an 
essential preliminary of every successful ad- 
ministrative career. 

But Lord Rosebery : s advice, says The 
Scotsman, may be recommended not only 
to the aspiring politician, but to the 
ordinary citizen as well, though ot course in 
his case its application must be on a limited 
scale. Modern democracy demands that every 
man should keep himself well informed on all the 
topics on which he may be calles upon to give 
his judgment. Again, even from the standpoint 
of his own intellectual evolution, nothing can 
develop as travel does, and it is wonderful what 
even a brief spell abroad can do in this direction. 
The main thing is to get out of our insular habits and 
methods of thought, and that can only come with 
a change of atmosphere. It is worth remembering 
that even away back in the eighteenth century no 
man's education was supposed to be complete 
unless he had made the Grand Tour. There is 
more to be gained from the study of men and 
manners than from books. 



According to the Notary Public Regulations 
promulgated on July 12, notaries have to deposit 
security as follow : — 

In Tokyo and Osaka yen 1,000 ; in localities 
containing over 100,000 population yen 700 ; in 
localities containing from 30,000 to 100,000 



population yen 500 ; in localities containing 
as a class, a body of eminently conscientious, upright a population not exceeding 30,000 yen 300. 



72 WfStt3£¥H^flfafBHfflfRfl!^gpj THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 17, 1909; 



THE EVOLUTION AND INFLUENCE OF THE 
DREADNOUGHT TYPE. 



C^OME ten years ago a number of 
speakers and writers of the genus " naval 
expert " were strenuously advocating a 
return to moderate, dimensions for British 
ships of the line. The vessels of the Spencer 
programme of 1894, commonly known as 
the Majestic class, and their immediate 
successors, the Formidablcs, had by that 
time taken the water, and were justly held 
to be the finest warships 'of the day. But 
even these vessels, with a displacement ton- 
nage of 15,000 tons — 14,000 was the 
precise figure — were criticized as of unneces- 
sary size. In 1902, Admiral Sir John 
Hopkins, at one time Commander-in-Chief 
of the British Mediterranean fleet — which 
not so many years ago was the most power- 
ful of all our Squadrons afloat — delivered a 
lecture at the Royal United Service Institu- 
tion on the subject : — " Is a Second-class or 
Smaller Battleship Desirable ? " All the 
familiar arguments against large vessels — as 
large vessels were then understood — were 
advanced, including the homely warning 
against putting too many eggs in one 
basket. For a brief time the advo- 
cates of the medium-sized battleship of 
12,000 to 13,000 tons succeeded in carry- 
ing their views into practice, and the result 
of this is seen to-day in the vessels of 
the Ocean and Duncan type, of 13,000 to 
14,000 tons. About that time, however, 
Lord Charles Bekeseoru, returning from the 
Mediterranean, where he had been second 
in command, gave expression to the following 
opinion as reported in the United Service 
Magazine : — 

We must remember that all otlier nations are 
increasing their battleships and if we reduce our 
battleships, or in any way reduce their fighting 
efficiency for meeting, as they might, a larger ship, 
which would be more efficient on account of being 
larger, I think we should make a mistake. 

This weighty utterance from so high an 
authority may be said to have sealed the fate 
of the small battleship for the time being, at 
least. From that date (1902 to the 
present time), nothing has been heard from 
the apostles of the "moderate dimensions " 
school. The principle that, ship for ship, 
the British vessels should be superior to 
any possible antagonist seemed too sound 
to admit of further dispute, and that the 
principle was being upheld is shown by the 
following table of the latest types of battle- 
ships building in 1902 : — 

Displace- 
Hattleships. ment, 

Great Biitain KiHg Edward Vll.iu 16.350 

France Republique 14,865 

Russia Slava 1.3.5 16 

Germany Braitnsihweig 13,000 

Italy Rt^ma Elena 12,624 

United Stales Nfiv Jersey 14,918 

J'i pa n ASkasa 15,200 

It is clear from the above tabic that six 
years ago Great Britain was building battle- 
ships of from 1,000 to 3,000 tons heavier 
than any other Bower. The well-known 
policy of the Admiralty in " going one 
better " than their rivals in the matter of 
new construction was being duly observed. 
But three years later, a change had come 



over the situation, for Russia, Japan and 
the United States all began, in 1905, battle- 
ships of over 16,000 tons — the lmpcrator 
Pavel I of the first-named Power actual- 
ly exceeding 17,000 tons; while Biitain 
had in hand the Lord Nelson of 16,500 tons. 
The individual superiority of the British ship 
had disappeared, and it became necessary to 
reconsider the whole situation. The distin- 
guished Italian architect, Colonel Cuniberti, 
had already surprised the naval world with a 
forecast of the " ideal " battleship of the 
future. Into the design and armament of 
this vessel the figure 12 entered curiously — 
the displacement was to be 24,000 tons, the 
speed 24 knots, and the armament was to 
consist of twelve 12-inch guns. Whether 
the two men most responsible for the con- 
duct of the navy during recent years — Sir 
John Fisher and Lord Charles Beresford 
— were influenced by the Italian designer's 
views or not, it is impossible to say ; but 
both of these high authorities threw their 
pressure into the scale in favour of increas- 
ed displacement, with greater weight and 
simplicity of armament. The present first 
Lord of the Admiralty thus tersely expres- 
sed his opinion — " What iue zvaul in our 
ships is the biggest smallest gun and the 
smallest biggest gun." Lord Charles 
Bkresford complained that " we had too 
many types of guns." It will be seen from 
this that there were two motives at work (1) 
the necessity of maintaining British ship for 
ship superiority (2) the desirability of a 
simpler, and at the same time more power- 
ful, armament. Out of these dominant 
influences was evolved the design of the 
Dreadnought. The advent of the turbine 
gave the necessary impetus in the matter of 
speed, and thus may be accounted for the 
prototype of the " all-big-gun " ship — a 
vessel of 1 8,000 tons displacement, with a 
speed of 21 knots and an armament of ten 
12-inch and 27 12-pounder guns — which 
naval opinion agreed upon as the best 
"smallest big" gun and "biggest small" 
gun, respectively. But the figures have not 
remained stationary. Even since October 
1st, 1907, when the first Dreadnought — 
completed and commissioned in the amaz. 
ingly short time of one year — sailed out of 
Portsmouth Harbour for her trials, the 
development of the type has been rapid, as 
the following table shows: — 
Programme 

Year. Tons. 

1906 Dreadnought 17,900 

1907 Superb, Bellerophon, Temeraire .... iS,6oo 

1908. ..St. Vincent, Collingwood, Vanguard... 19,250 
1909 Neptune, Hercules, Colossus 21,000 

Thetonnage of the last twovessels, at least, 
is not yet settled, and may be considerably 
in excess of the figure given. For other 
Powers, ships up to 25,000 tons are spoken 
of. As regards armament, the. 12-inch gun 
has already, in the latest d :signs, given 
place to the 13.5-inch or 14-inch, which 
fires a 50 percent, heavier shell ; and the anti- 
torpedo weapon, which forms the secondary 
battery, is now the 4-inch, 4.7-inch or even 
the 6-inch gun. Finality is by no means 
reached, either in size, spe<;d or armament. 



In several quarters during the past few 
months, Great Biitain has been blamed for 
having intensified naval competition the 
world over by the introduction of the 
Dreadnought type. Indeed, the initiation 
of the all-big-gun type, with its vastly 
increased costliness, has been censured 
as a grave mistake of British naval 
policy. We have however shown that 
this type of ship was called into being 
in the natural course of development in 
naval construction. The advent of the 
Dreadnought was inevitable. The adverse 
critics of the modern " capital " ship will be 
found among economists of the " Little 
Navy " school. It is complained by such 
that the building of the Dreadnought has 
rendered all previous battleships obsolete ; but 
this again is the inevitable result of progress. 
The process of obolescence has been hasten- 
ed — that is all ; and if it involve a serious 
loss to the British Navy, the same is true, 
proportionally, of all the navies of the 
world. Be that as it may, it behoves Britain, 
whose existence as a World-Power, and cveii 
as a nation, depends upon the undisputed 
supremacy of her fleet, to be in the forefront 
of naval progress, no matter what the cost. 



THE LIMITATION OF ARMAMENTS— IS IT 
A DREAM? 



(COMMUNICATKI)). 

'JpiIE question of armaments, and the drain 
they are for ever making on the re- 
sources of all the nations, is one of the 
burning problems of the hour. So keenly 
is the pinch of armed peace now felt the 
world over, that men are everywhere asking 
" Must these things be ? " Can no way be 
found whereby the nations of Europe, in 
particular, and of the world in general, may 
be delivered from the costly necessity of pre- 
paring for war ? Is there no prospect that, 
some day in the not distant future, they will be 
able to fling from their shoulders the terrible 
burden of armaments ? To these momentous 
queries — fraught as they are with the fate and 
happiness of humanity — there are some who 
boldly and unhesitatingly give answers of 
hope. Of these champions of disarmament 
and peace Mr. Andrew Carnegie is one of 
the most doughty. To do him justice, the 
method advocated by this millionaire apostle 
of arbitration is the only method which could 
have the faintest chance of success — and 
which, indeed, all the workers in the noble 
cause of the limitation of armaments have 
proposed, in one form or another. It is the 
method by which all the Powers of the 
world — whether qualified by the attribute of 
" -Treat," or otherwise — should band them- 
selves together for the purpose of exercising 
authority over each nation a.nd, in plain 
language, setting bounds to its ambition. In 
other words, an International Conference is 
to be summoned to secure to the world an era 
of unbroken peace. Now, International Con- 
ferences have been summoned before — with 
results not agreeable to contemplate; but 
Mr. Carnegie's proposals, as set forth in 



July 17, 1909. J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. WB ******** 73 



an interview which appeared lately in the 
columns of the Daily Mail, possess some 
fresh features with added interest of their 
He begins by declaring that Anglo- 



own. 

German rivalry is at present the prime 
cause of the world's unrest, and proceeds 
to say that the United States — which, 
according to Mr. Carnegie, has up to the 
present time enjoyed the happy position of 
a disinterested spectator — should take the 
initiative in summoning the Conclave of the 
Nations which is to put an end to that disturb- 
ing influence. Now, allowing that Anglo- 
German rivalry is the cause of the craze for 
armaments which has lately overtaken the 
world in a more violent measure than ever 
before, that very rivalry has, of course, an ex- 
planation of its own; but, leaving that question 
on one side for the moment, is Mr. Carnegie 
correct in his assumption ? Can, for example, 
the recently increased appropriations for the 
navies of Austria, Italy and France be fairly 
attributed to the naval competition between 
England and Germany ? In other quarters 
a different opinion prevails which would 
suggest that the responsibility for the para 
helium craze is at least to be shared by 
another Power. The opinion of those who 
hold this view of the case is ably expressed 
by The Spectator, " The naval programmes 
of the last few months," says that most tem- 
perate organ, " are not a mere fatuous imita- 
tion of those of Germany and .Britain, but the 
direct result of the demoralising of Europe by 
the discovery that pledges given in solemn 
Treaties count for nothing. For more than a 
generation we had been accustomed to accept 
the word of Austria-Hungary as an absolute 
guarantee that she would fulfil what she 
undertook and abide by what she promised. 
She was our beau-ideal of a Continental 
State. Now we know that a Treaty, which 
is intended to bind all its signatories till it is 
replaced by another, may be disregarded as 
though it did not exist. While that is so, 
nations must rely entirely upon force to 
defend themselves and preserve their lights. 
There is no longer, in the old sense, any 
public law under which they lived with a 
feeling of security. If all the police — sym- 
bols of law — -were suddenly removed from the 
streets of London, the most peaceable citizens 
would be carrying revolvers in a few days. 
Something like that has happened in 
Europe." 

Whatever may be thought of this utter- 
ance, Europe is certainly disposed to regard 
the fact as an example of the fallibility o( 
the proposed procedure. As Mr. Carnegie 
says, the first duty of an International Con- 
ference would be to discover what nation, if 
any, is at fault — on which nation must rest 
the responsibility of menacing the peace of 
the world. ... If any Power refused 
to enter the league of Peace, to submit to 
arbitration all questions arising in future on 
sea . . . then it would be clear where the 
blame would rest for continuing the present 
intolerable condition." Precisely. No doubt 
it would be a simple matter to discover who 
was to blame, but the task of imputing the most effective : — 



fault to the recalcitrant Power would not be 
an enviable one. And Mr. Carnegie is not 
apparently blind to the possible consequences 
of so highly provocative an accusation, for 
he concludes, ina somewhatbellicosc strain — 
" If there is to be any fighting, we are going 
to have a word to say about it ; and if we 
say there is to be peace and any other vicious 
foe says there is to be war, then it will be a| 
bad day for them." As to who precisely! 
is to be understood by the "we," is 
not quite clear ; but it seems highly pro- 
bable that Mr. Carnegie's methods would 
have the effect of precipitating the Armaged- 
don which he is so determined to avoid. 

As to the other point which the multi- 
millionaire has raised — that the United States 
should take the initiative in summoning the 
Conference — the suggestion is based on the 
plausible plea that " neutral nations cannot 
remain indifferent to the action of two rival 
Powers, which lays enormous burdens on the 
rest of the world, and threatens war in which 
all may be involved." Mr. Carnegie, how- 
ever, goes on to admit that " it (the spectacle 
of the arming nations) has a direct and 
vital value for us. Our country is necessarily 
ibout to be drawn into the vortex" In view 
of this admission of the deep and vital 
interest Americans possess in the matter, 
how can Mr. Carnegie maintain that the 
United States is a " neutral " nation ? If 
the Great Republic had adhered to its 
traditional policy of isolation, it might well 
pose now as an impartial friend, vis a vis 
Anglo-German rivalry ; but it is absurd for 
it, at this time of day, to pretend to be 
indifferent to the question of England or 
Germany's supremacy at sea. In fact, it 
would seem that because the fever of 
armaments is spreading to the American 
continent, Mr. Carnegie has taken alarm. 
A similar feeling — almost of resentment — 
against England has already been manifested 
by certain American publicists and news- 
papers — an attempt in fact to lay at 
England's door the responsibility for the 
recent acceleration of armaments. But later 
intelligence gives evidence that saner views 
of the situation are prevailing, for the Neiu 
York Times remaiks : — 

In England and this country a good ninny men 
believe that the German Emperor is the chief 
menace to the peace of the world. . . . Theie 
can be no doubt that he could easily become its 
most powerful promoter and guarantor. There is 
no other man in the world who by a single utterance 
or a single official act could do so much to quiet the 
apprehensions of war. 

The root of the whole matter, in short, is 
national ambition and love of sovereignty. 
If Mr. Carnegie can suggest a way to educate 
the peoples of the world — and their rulers, 
especially when such hold anything of a 
despotic sway — out of these most human but 
dangerous qualities, he will be laying the 
only true and lasting foundation for Inter- 
national Peace. 



Japan Herald, July 3. 
Now, it is a known (art 
that at the time when the 
settlement lots weieh md- 
ed over to llie foreign 
applicants, they were bare 
of any structure^. At 
that time, theicfote, when 
in German legal docu- 
ments, for instance in the 
German consular registra- 
tion certificates, iheteim 
" Grund->tu( k " occurred 
with refeienre to the 
settlement lots, it, obvious- 
ly, meant the land of such 
lots only, since there were 
no houses on it yet, 



GRUNDSTUCK. 



^jpHE Grundstuck controversy has reached 
point where the deadly parallel is 



Japan Herald, July 12. 

We aie alleged to have 
"'declared that the per- 
petual leases weie leases 
of land only, since land 
alone existed when they 
were drafted." We did 
not declare anything of 
the kind. We never 
entered into any discus- 
sion about what the per- 
petual leases, viz., the 
deeds in Japanese and 
English language cover- 
ed, when they were draft- 
ed. We merely stated 
what, in German Consular 
documents and in the 
mind of every German 
lawyer, the term Grund- 
Stuck covered, in the 
different stages of settle- 
ment properly. 

Nothing is needed except to place the above 
extracts side by side. The comparison com- 
pletely demolishes our contemporary's case. 

A word as to his other arguments. The 
Japan Herald writes : — 

The thiid of the Mail's contentions refers to the 
provision of the Settlement Clause of the German- 
Japanese Treaty, according to which settlement 
Grundstuck can be freely sold without the consent 
of the German Consular or Japanese authorities. 
The Mail writes : — " But the only property 
whose transfer had previously required such consent 
was land, and it is therefore certain that the Grund- 
stuck referred to in this stipulation, signified land 
and land alone." As a matter of fact and as 
doubtlessly many of our readers remember, the 
transfer of settlement property under the old regime 
universally referred to land and buildings thereon, 
as an entity, in the Consular Courts of Germany as 
well as of Great Britain and the United States, since 
the very first existence of the foreign settlements. 

To this we answer that it is a matter of 
universal knowledge that transactions with 
reference to buildings in the Foreign Settle- 
ments never required the consent of either 
the Consular or the Japanese Authorities. 
Houses might be built or demolished, erected 
or removed, without any reference whatever 
to such Authorities. 

Finally the Japan Herald writes : — 

As to the fourth point, we once more refer to page 
33 of the " Contie Menioiie " where all the particular 
cucumstances about the telegram of the Japanese 
Government, quoted in full by the Mail, are clearly 
staled. This telegram was not, as one might believe 
from the context in the Mail, an information of the 
Japanese Authorities to the German negotiators. It 
was a telegraphic instruction of the Gwuitttitsho to 
Viscount Aoki who, on the strength of it, made, in 
German, such assurances with regard to exemption 
of foreigneis in the settlements from municipal taxes. 

The distinction here set up is not material, 
j Nevertheless we adhere to our original state- 
; ment, namely, that the German Government, 
: not being satisfied as to the taxation excep- 
tion which the British Treaty guaranteed to 
i the lands held under perpetual lease, ashed 
the Japanese Government for some further 
assurance, whereupon Viscount Aoki was 
instructed to say that in Japan the owner of 
land was alone liable for municipal taxes 
levied on it. Hence, since the Japanese 
Government owned the grnndstuck in the 
Settlement, the lessees could not be called 
on to pay any such taxes. Does anyone 
think of pretending that the Japanese Go- 
vernment owned the houses standing on the 
giundstuckl If not, then it is indisputable 
that the gmndsfttck referred to was land and 
land only. The Japan Herald ignores this 
vital point. 



74 n«!tt5¥H/J1*BSH?SSE« 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL, 



[July 17, 1909. 



SOUND FINANCING OF JOINT-STOCK 
COMFANIES. 



balance sheet and 



loss account of the Shell 



profit and 
Transport 

and Trading Company for the year ended 
December 31st, 1908, are very instructive 
documents, and we earnestly commend 
them to the notice of Japanese directors. 
We do not allude to the highly pros- 
perous results of the Company's working, 
satisfactory as these must be to the share- 
holders. What we think deserving of special 
notice is the fact that through good times 
and bad the Company has gone 011 steadily 
setling aside a depreciation fund every year, 
until the total now stands at ^820,000, 
or very nearly 25 per cent, of the paid- 
up capital. It is further noticeable that 
the Company is gradually accumulating con- 
siderable sums in Government stock invest- 
ments, having already .£80,000 thus placed. 
Finally, the accounts are audited by a highly 
reputed firm of chartered accountants, whose 
signature may be described as a hall-mark. 
Is there any valid reason why Japanese 
companies should not do as this Shell Trans- 
port Company has steadily done for several 
years ; any reason why they should not build 
up their undertakings on such a sound basis 
as to give an international value to their 
shares, and to have them quoted in 
foreign markets just as are the shares 
of the Shell Company ? At present we 
see only two companies following that 
wholesome rule, namely, the Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha and the Kanegafuchi Spinning Com- 
pany. The Tokyo Railway has begun to 
take the same course, but no sooner does it 
lay aside a depreciation fund than the Tokyo 
Municipality claims to share it on the ground 
that it represents nett profit ! That a body 
of grave aldermen should deliberately inter- 
fere to check a measure dictated by all sound 
business principles and regarded by solid 
British companies as an ordinary precaution, 
is palpably so strange that we are driven 
to conjecture some occult reason. There 
are, it seems to us, three things essential to 
establish the international credit of Japanese 
business enterprises and to procure for 
them the aid of cheap foreign capital. One 
is that they should lay aside substantial 
reserves ; another, that their accounts should 
be audited by men trained to the work,' 
certified as competent to do it, and having j 
no share-interest in the concerns whose 
accounts they audit ; and the third, that the 
leading Japanese banks should be prepared] 
to guarantee the companies. As to this; 
last point there is a marked reluctance on 
the part of the banks to undertake any 
responsibility, and so long as they display 
such want of confidence in their own people, 
it is scarcely to be expected that foreign 
financiers will be more trusting. 

SIBERIAN BUTTER I-.XPORIS. 



II KA MON-NO-KA Ml 

UNVEILING OF THE STATUE. 

The ceremony of unveiling tlie statue of 
Ii Kamon no-Kami commenced at Kamon-yama, 
at 2 30 yesterday. The representative of the 
construction committee delivered the openiog 
speed), explaining that the erection of a statue 
was first planned in 1881 and, after many vicissi- 
tudes, it was at length resolved in 1903 that the 
statue to be erected should be of bronze. On 
the 26th of June 1909, the work was completed. 
The height of the statue is 22 feet. 

After a selection by the band, Count Ii un- 
veiled the statue and Count Okuma then delivered 
an address, the substance of which was as 
follows : — 

Ladies and Gentlemen, —I am very glad to 
attend this great ceremony to-day, but in the 
meantime I cannot but express my regret that 
the ceremony was not pei formed on the 1st 
of July, the most important day in the history of 
Yokohama. Generally speaking, most coun- 
tries have to engage in war before they attain 



great achievements, and sometimes they fall 

without reaping any good. Fortunately, Heaven j themselves from medieval "fetters, 
gave us a remarkable man at a time of neces- 
sity, who arrived at wise decisions in a critical 
moment of our history, overcoming innumer- 
able obstacles and rendering the highest ser- 
vices. All the great men who still survive were 
at first anti-foreign in disposition. If Mito 
Rekko had been in the position of Ii Tairo, he 
would have done the sane as Kamon- no-Kami did. 
During the first stage of the Revolution many of 
our countrymen, especially the Sasshu and Choshu 
people, were guilty of many blunders, in consequ- 
ence of which Japan had to pay a heavy indemnity. 
Again we experienced the favour of Heaven 
which was represented in the collision of Sasshu 
and Choshu. 



of her acquaintance and good neighbourship. 
The bulk of the nation were not willing to grant 
the request, whilst its responsible rulers, with 
better information and broader views, knew 
that it ought to be granted promptly. Thus 
arose an urgent national emergency, not 
amenable to ordinary political manipulation, 
and the Japanese Government did what the 
ancient Romans were wont to do in similar 
circumstances — they appointed a Dictator. The 
powers of the Tairo Ii were in substance those of a 
Roman Dictator; the discharge of his exalted task 
proved that the nation had chosen its fittest man. 
The situation called for the highest qualities 
of statesmanship, and the Tairo achieved one 
of the great peaceful triumphs of the word's 
history without in the slightest degree com- 
promising either the safety or the dignity of his 
country. 

One proof of the soundness of Ii's policy is 
that it was in accordance with the spirit of the 
times. It was quite possible for both China 
and Japan in the middle of the seventeenth 
century to refuse to hold intercourse with the 
nations of Western Europe, then disturbed and 
in the throes of a long struggle to free 

It was not 

possible to continue that refusal beyond the 
middle of the nineteenth centry, when the same 
nations had emerged from their chrysalis stage 
and were heady witn the strong wine of modern 
freedom. Lord Ii and his fellow-thinkers were the 
earliest in this country to take note of the change 
that the West had undergone, and to appreciate 
the significance of the discrepancy between Japan's 
contempt for ihe commercial spirit and its 
ascendancy in the policies of the outside world. 

The unwelcome advent of the importunate 
foreigners necessarily produced a domestic crisis ; 
and the diffeience between the conservatives and 



the reformers consisted in this — that whilst the 
If these two clans had always been majority, whether they were orthodox Confucianism 
our country would have 



in cordial friendship, our couniry wouia nave or Shinto archaeologists, judged the situation from 
been ruined. t h e absolute or doctrinaire point of view, the 

While our country was in this state of chaos, Ii reforming majority, headed by Lord Ii, judged 
Kamon-no Kami laid the foundation of great j t in lhe re > at j ve spirit which, whilst guided by 
achievement, so that he is fully worthy to be pr j„ c j p | eSi ma kes allowance for the conditions of 
honoured for ever. t j me and circumstances in the application of them 

His Excellency's speech was received with to p rac tice. 
great applause. | The reformers build;d even better than they 

Mr. J. C. Hall, British Consul General, then knew. For the old order was destined to change 
said : — ] j n t | ie p^t as well as in the West. The old 

Your Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, ethical philosophy of Japan, which had for 
—As a foreigner who has resided many years in ^ \ OU g supplied such admirable guidance, was not 
Japan and as a sincere admirer and w. 11-wisher indeed, ill founded, but it was incomplete ; for 
of its people, I esteem it a gieat honour to have though it dealt largely with the family and the 
teen asked to take part in the ceremony of to-day, ! Mat?, it had little or nothing to say as to a still 



in honour of one of Japan's great statesmen. I 
aware that some of his countrymen, even now, 
are not willing to admit that Lord Ii Naosnke, 
Kamon-no kami, was a great statesman ; and I 
am not surprised at the fact when I recollect that 
for more that half a century after the English 
Revolutions of 1688 there were many English- 
men who failed to appreciate the benefits 
which the English nation as a whole had derived 
from the change, and clung to the forlorn hope of 
restoring the old regime. Hut the Japanese I 
revolution which took place 50 jeais ago, 
though a purely domestic one, concerned the I 
outside world as well; and there is theiefore no 
impropriety in a foreigner expressing a judgment, 1 
as it were, from the loieign point of view. It will 
be permissible therefore to state briefly a few reasons 
for holding that Lord Ii Naosulce's action in I 
opening his country to foreign commerce in 



wider and higher development of human sociabil- 
ity, and it had no presentiment of the coming 
displacement of militarism by industry as the 
higher form of collective activity, 
j By the opening of her ports to foreign com- 
, merce fifty yeais ago. Lord Ii irrevocably linked 
! the destinies of Japan to those 6f the European 
I West and of Humanity. Therefore an ever 
widening posterity in many lands will hold his 
nam; in honourable remembrance. (Applause). 

Mr. Hall's speech was then read in Japanese by 
Dr. Masujima. 

The actual ceremony having ended at 3.30 
j p.m., the band furnished some excellent music, 
and at 4 p.m. all the guests were served with 
refreshments. 

Among the guests, there were found the Con- 
suls of Great Britain, America and Germany, 



1 Lieut. -General Nakamura, Mayor Mitsuhashi, 
spite of public opinion and in the face of slremi- 1 and ma , dJ J thff Munir , , 

cus opposition from several influential quarters |Cdhod ,^ T h e number of visitors is believ- 
was that of a patriot and a statesman. , . , , , . _ , • , «• 

v |ed to have exceeded a thousand, including uuny 

The closing of the country against foreigners i a( jj CSi both foreign and Japanese. 

by the third Tokugawa Shog^n in 1639 secured I 

Japan over two centuries of peace ant of 



The exports of butter from Siberia last year 
amounted to 57,000 tons, and an increase of] 
65,000 tons is expected this year. If many 
more statistics of this kind are forthcoming, 
says an exchange, there will need to be a revision ' 
of the popular conception of Siberia as one 
vast frozen prison peopled with hopeless exiles 
representing the best blood and brain of Russia 
and pining in benumbed despair. 



to Japan over two centuries of peace ant 
intellectual and artistic culture, during which 
the ruling military class had leisure to assimilate 
all that was best in the literature and the political 
and ethica 1 philosophy of China, her peaceful and 
non-military neighbour, 



DEATH OF CAP1A1N OF Till " MINNESOTA.' 



the middle of the nineteenth century, thoroughly 
educated ami prepared for a woi thy forward step in 
social and political progress, when the youngest and 
least aggressive of the great nations of the West 
knocked at her door and asked for the pleasure 



We regret to announce that Captain E. V. 
Roberts, of the G.N. S.S. Minnesota, died on 
She was thus, towards ; board his ship at nine o'clock on the night of the 



1 3t 11 when the vessel was l>etween Moji and 
Nagasaki. Death was due to kidney disease. 

It will be remembered that Captain Rc.lx-rts 
was till quite recently in command of the 
,v/;j;i /'int. 



July 17, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



THE SIBERIAN TRIP. 



This subject has been written about in your 
paper so many times by abler pens than mine 
that I doubt whether it is good form to ask the 
further forbearance of you and your readers; still 
there may be something new in my experiences. 

We put two days in at Berlin and through the 
kindness of a friend were able to see much of 
that beautiful city. We visited the Palace, and 
the Old Palace and grounds at Charlottenburg, 
the Arsenal Museum, and the Emperor's Church, 
seeing many historic and beautiful objects. 

In crossing the frontier about midnight into 
Germany one of our party, through want of 
knowledge on our part, neglected to have that 
portion of his luggage which was checked 
for Berlin, examined, the result was it was detain- 
ed there much to his inconvenience. Through 
the efforts of Messrs. Cook's guide at Berlin it 
finally arrived at the Berlin Station. It had been 
sealed up by the Customs at the frontier and in its 
sealed condition was rechecked to St. Petersburg. 
To be sure of its not going astray again we wait- 
ed on the departuie platform at Beilin and ?aw 
the packages ready to go into our train before 
our departure At the Russian frontier we found 
that after all it had not been put on the train. It 
came to St. Petersburg by a train about twelve 
hours liter. The day the baggage arrived was a 
fete day and but for the diplomacy of our guide I 
do not think we could have obtained it before 
we were to leave St. Petersburg. 

A mutual friend of the party, a former well 
known resident of Yokohama, had, with his well 
known kindness, put at our disposal for sight see- 
ing in St. Petersburg and Moscow a guide named 
Pilley. He is an Englishman who has lived in 
Russia for over 40 years. His address is " Hotel d' 
Europe." St. Petersburg. We found this man fully 
posted in all that was to be seen in these cities 
and able also to arrange for us to see it. Without 
him so far as sight seeing was concerned we should 
have been lost. The Winter Palace alone is worth 
days of visit. The beautiful rooms, treasures and 
pictures, simply surfeit one in a hurried sight 
seeing like ours. We saw the late Emperor 
Alexander's private suite of rooms, left just as they 
were on the day of his untimely death. All of the 
family photos on his desk and the little knick 
knacks about the room, even to the part of the last 
cigarette smoked by him, being most carefully 
preserved. We saw his narrow cot-bed upon 
which he was brought to die. All of the things 
in his room for personal private use shewed him 
to have been a man to whom display made no 
appeal. For instance his favourite walking stick 
could not have cost more than one ye //. This 
stick he could only use out of Russia, as while in 
Russia he was compelled as a Russian military 
officer always to be in uniform, and thus was de- 
barred from using it except when abroad. We 
saw many splendid Churches and Mausoleums. 
The mosaics in St. Isaacs were most beautiful. We 
heard singing by the monks at the church erected 
to the memory of the first Alexander which is 
said to be the best singing in Russia. The deep 
bass tones were simply wonderful. 

We also visited the Imperial Mews and saw all 
the gorgeous carriages of S;ate, some of them very 
old and beautifully painted. 

Cmning from London and Berlin, the City 
itself strikes one rather disappointingly as most 
of the streets are badly paved. In Moscow we 
stopped at the " Hotel National" and were very 
well treated; the Manager speaks perfect English. 
The Museum in the Kremlin was officially closed 
for the day, but we were able to see the upper 
galleries which contain many valuable pictures, 
crowns and other jewelled and valuable tieasures. 
Here we saw a carriage and many other interesting 
objects made personally by Peter the Great. But 
we only had one hour in which to take a hurried 
glance. We saw the beautiful church of St. Saviour 
which has taken forty three years to build and which 
is built to commemorate the retreat of the French 
from Moscow. This church cost something like 
three million sterling, but it is a gem of modern 
art and shews the skill of present day Russian 
artists. The hard stones used in its decoration 
are finished and polished with a surface equal to 
the best of lacquer. There are many beautiful 



pictures in it by that famous Russian artist who 
lost his life in the flagship off Port Arthur. We 
visited the old part of the Kremlin, many parts 
of it haying a distinct resemblance to Tartar 
architecture. We also saw the palace, rooms and 
robes used at the Coronation, as the Tsars are 
still crowned at Moscow. We visited one of the 
churches in the Kremlin and again heard some 
wonderful singing, and then we took a drive to 
Sparrow Hill, where Napoleon obtained his first 
view of Moscow and waited in vain for the keys 
of the city to be sent to him. In the Kremlin 
we saw the room in which Napoleon slept. 
One thing that struck me, in seeing these beautiful 
palaces and churches, was the crowd of Russians 
of all classes who are allowed to see and take an 
interest in seeing these riches ; one feels that the 
Imperial family look upon the e treasures as bein^ 
held in trust by them for the people. 

At Moscow we took our places upon the 
Wagons Fits Express and flattered ourselves we 
were at last on our way back to Japan, and free 
from further trouble. Early on our second 
morning out, we passed on the top of the 
Urals the stone erecled on ihe boundary . 
Upon one side of which is cut " Europe " and on 
the other " Asia." About two hours later while 
I was reading in my room the obliging Chief of 
the tram, who was the only official connected 
with it who really spoke English, came and told 
me, and apparently told tlte others, that we were 
entering Tcheliabinsk where we would have fifty 
minutes to slay and he added "Time for a long 
walk." Pleased with the unexpected prospect 
and comparing the length of stay given to me 
with two fellow passengers, two others and I started 
for a stroll, then myself and another took a drosky 
to drive round the town. We came back with 
as we thought, 13 minutes to spare, and found our 
train had left. In fact the station looked as if 
our train had never been there. With a few 
words of Russian and some pantomime we were 
able to make a kindly gendarme understand 
our position and he took us to the station master. 
Fortunately this gentleman could speak German 
and my fellow passenger, in distress, could con- 
verse in that language. This official was most 
kind and courteous and told us that our train 
being behind time had been despatched after 
[but a short stay. He evidently knew nothing 
of our hiving been left behind. He told 
us we could go on by a train le.iving for 
Irkutsk in the afternoon. It would take 
five days and there we could wait for ten days 
and pick up the "State Express" for Vladivo- 
[ stock. We asked him to telephone to the next 
1 station to have our hand baggage and Railway 
Tickets returned. This he did at once Later 
on we asked him whether we could get a special 
engine and overtake our train at the next stop, 
but after phoning he said this was now impossible. 
At noon our baggage and railwiy tickets came 
back with a kind note from one of our Japanese 
feilow passengers. What a relief this was, because 
without these I had been landed in the centre of 
Russia wearing a thin suit of clothes, a pair of 
slippers, and with my passport and only five 
roubles in my pocket. The station master could 
not have been kinder. He introduced us to two 
English speaking Russian ladies going to Vladivo- 
stok by our train, who were most kind in their 
help to us Our train was a local one running 
from Tcheliabinsk to Irkutsk (if five nights in a 
train can be called a local journey). It was com- 
posed of one first, two second and some third class 
carriages. By paying one rouble and a half, each, 
we each seemed the right of one of the two sleep- 
ing couches in two adjoining compartments (very 
cheap for five days journey). However on the 
second day out one of the second class carriages 
had to be left at a side station because of a heated 
axle and we had to give up one of our compart- 
ments in favour of two young ladies, and my 
friend and I had to double up into one compart- 
ment, but later when we found a composite first 
and second had been put on the train, we arrang- 
ed to move into the first class part and once more 
had each a compartment. We found the attendants 
in these carriages, though only speaking Russian, 
very attentive and of much assistance. There was 
plenty of food to be got at the numerous stations 
we stopped at, but my friend and I limited our 



de-ires to a little boullion. hot milk, bread, tea and 
coffee. V/e were not travelling in the comfort we 
had paid the Wagons Fits people for, but we were 
able to get along. We saw at the station, where 
we were left, nothing that would have prevented 
the train waiting for us. or even going back for us, 
as it was merely a question of a few minutes-. We 
wired to the Sution Master at Irkutsk to secure 
us sleeping berths from Irkutsk. 

It seems to me that the Russian attitude towards 
the press and books is much exaggerated. At 
the "Hotel d'Europe " I saw the "Times," 
" Daily Mail," " Punch " and the Paris edition of 
the "New York Herald " and certainly they were 
not mutilated. I bought at a shop in Moscow, 
Wells' " In the Days of the Comet." 

Two days before reaching Irkutsk, we saw a 
good deal of the work for doubling the track. A 
new line is being made which very often crosses 
the present one overhead. It is evidently an im- 
provement so far as grades are concerned. Here 
the country is a series of low flat hills making 
much cutting and any tunneling impossible. 

At Irkutsk station we were met by the Chief of 
the train we had missed at Tcheliabinsk. He 
arranged our hotel for us and gave us every possible 
assistance while we were in Irkutsk. He told us 
that our absence was not noticed until it was too 
late to do anything. One of our fellow Japanese 
passengers, a well known kindly Banker, had given 
him for us a sympathetic note and a loan of some 
money. 

The " Hotel Central " where we stopped is a 
large pretentious building, but like everything 
else in Irkutsk seems to have had nothing done 
to it since completion ; if nothing else has kept 
up certainly prices have. Irkutsk is a big ramb- 
ling city. The river runs between the principal 
part of it and the station. This river is said to 
be very deep, and is crossed by a bridge of boats. 
On the other side of the city there is a smaller 
river. Irkutsk itself seems to only exist as a 
trading centre for the district. There are several 
large churches and a large hospital, the latter a 
gift of a former rich resident. There are many 
large compounds and market places. We were 
able to buy English novels in Irkutsk, but met no 
one speaking English. After leaving Irkutsk, 
Fake Baikal is approached by following the 
course of the river up a valley. On the lake itself 
we saw no signs of shipping except that at a 
kind of port, there was one steamer and a wooden 
floating dock. A large number of men and boys 
were fishing with rods from the banks of the river 
and lake, but we never saw any fish caught as we 
passed. Most of the railway work round the lake 
must have cost very heavily as there are many 
cuttings and tunnels in the solid rock. At two 
places we saw a little ice. The loneliness of the 
lake strikes a chill in one's heart. 

We are travelling on the state express and 
though the carriages are large and well kept, 
yet we miss several of the conveniences which 
were in the Wagons Fits. The food too in the 
Wagons Fits suits English and Americans better. 
On this train there is a Chinese waiter who 
speaks English and is quite a convenience. He 
says he has been on the run for four years. 
The cost of the sleeping car from Irkutsk to Man- 
churia station is ityj4 roubles, first class. Then 
from the other Russian boundary to Vladivostock 
it is one and a half roubles, nothing evidently 
being charged in Chinese territory. For the whole 
journey one is struck by the fact that much as we 
hear of the linguistic ability of our continental 
friends, my experience is that no language save 
that of the country itself is understood. French 
and English are of no use to the traveller on this 
route, but now and then a limited amount of Ger- 
man is met. It would surely pay the railways 
concerned to have at least one waiter in each 
transcontinental train who could speak good 
English. We had our baggage examined at the 
station called Manchuria. This seems to be an 
important place and is inside Chinese territory. 
Some twelve foreign members of the Imperial 
Chinese Customs are here. From what I could 
learn, four take it in turn to be on duty each 
eight hours. The three I met could all talk 
English very well and they were very kind and 
obliging. Baggage checked right through to 
Vladivostock is not examined here. Mine having 



76 utt*£*2J«tB*Hffftftl«!S?T THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL, 



[July i;, 1909. 



been checked to Harbin bad been sent there. 
We found out about ten minutes before the train 
left this station that it was necessary to have our 
passports vised by Russian officials, who have an 
office in the Custom Mouse Building in passing 
out of Siberia into Manchuria. 

At Harbin I stopped the night at the Grand 
Hotel which is opposite the station. Here I 
took delivery of my heavy baggage. One of the 
most satisfactory experiences of my trip is that 
at Victoria station the baggage which I checked 
there arrived without hitch, though the baggage 
master at that station told me it was the first he 
had booked for Harbin. The information he 
then gave me about Custom House examination 
was absolutely correct. 

The country between Irkutsk and Harbin 
shows very little sign of cultivation, in fact most 
of it is waste and the soil looks poor, but 
immediately after leaving Harbin for the south 
the aspect changes. At Harbin the train is taken 
for Changsun, the beginning of the South 
Manchuria line. This is a run from 9 a.m. 
until about 6-30 p m. There is no dining car 
on this train, The runner at the Harbin Hotel 
got me two tickets, one to the Russian terminus, 
which is about two miles from the Japanese, 
and one to the Japanese, but he checked my 
luggage only to the former station. Fortunate- 
ly 1 noticed this error and had my luggage car- 
ried on to the Japanese terminus. This neutral 
ground is covered by the Russian train in coming 
south and lands you right alongside the Japa- 
nese train at Changsun. In parting with the 
Russian railways I must say that 1 met with 
nothing but the best of courtesy, civility and 
attention. From the passengers' point of view 
the drivers of the trains are, I should say, the 
best in the world, because they start and stop 
their trains without any jerk whatever, and the 
trains run very smoothly. Of course the bulk of 
the journey is over a perfectly flat and straight 
country, though in places the line, in my humble 
opinion, shews great breadth of scope and per- 
servering engineering talent, in the face of 
climatic and other difficulties. The carriages are 
all very massively built, the lower portion for 
about three feet up being a massive wagon of 
thick plate and angle steel, making an excellent 
armoured train. With the aid of a sponge 
I was enabled to take a sponge bath every 
day. I must say that I think the waiters 
and servants in the Slate train are moie 
obliging and civil than in the trains of the Wagons 
Lits. The waiters in the Dining Cais of the latter 
instead of being servants try in some little ways to 
be masters. As I see the subject from the 
traveller's point of view only, perhaps they are 
right ana I am wrong, but all the same if I took 
the tripagain I should certainly sooner go Wagons 
Lits than State tram. For any one not in a hurry 
and rather pressed for money and prepared to 
rough it, the ordinary mail train wculd offer maDy 
inducements. I imagine the time would be about 
aweek loDger. A month's previous study of 
practical spoken and written Russian would be 
absolutely necessary. 

The Russian soldier of the ranks seen by me 
seemed generally a bright, well set-up young 
fellow. 

From the eastern side of Irkutsk Wilkinson's 
Tansan was procurable at the restaurant and in 
the State dining cars. The Russians have two 
very good natural mineral waters, one I think is 
called Narusan. 

Hoarding the Japanese Train at Changsun 
(Long Spring) one felt a hearty welcome and at 
home. The sleepers, in the express leaving at 
7.30 p.m. Japanese Manchurian time, are Pullman 
cars and very much up to date. Everything 
looked well kept, clean, and smart. In the 
dining room the food was well served and of a 
kind suitable to the English or American traveller 
The journey is one of about eighteen hours, 
meaning but one night. The sleeping and 
baggage arrangements are not on quite such a 
lavish scale as the transcontinental trains, 
save that the beds themselves are about twice as 
wide, an example Russian and other railways 
might well copy. Hut in Russia generally the 
bed seems to play but a very secondary part. 
The washing arrangements in these Japanese cars 



are very good and the space liberal. It was a 
luxury to have an unlimited supply of soap and 
towels supplied. The carriages with their six 
wheeled bogies make no apparent blow at the fish 
joint of the rail, but they do not run so smoothly 
and quietly as the Russian ones. This is ac- 
counted for, however, by the reason that they are 
not so heavily built and the train goes very much 
quicker, averaging 30 miles, and at times going 
46 miles, an hour and we are travelling through 
a hilly and thickly populated section of the 
country. As we steam along, the country around 
us is covered with farmers working. At the 
stations I have seen no signs of overbearing on 
the part of the Japanese. On the train I came 
by, a Chinese of some rank travelled with his 
family and retinue, and the men, women and 
children all had their dinner in the car and were 
treated by the Japanese the same as any of the 
other guests. In fact the overbearing, if any, was 
on the part of the Chinese, because twice I was 
ordered out of the way at Changsun station by 
the bearer of the chairs of the mandarin, in a voice 
which I felt like resenting. The untamed voice 
of the Chinese of the lower class seems generally 
to be very high pitched. 

The military element in the district between the 
terminus and Dalny is not nearly so apparent as 
in Russian Manchuria, where every few miles 
there is a guard house and where the approaches 
of every bridge of importance are defended by 
heavy guns ; but this may be accounted for by the 
fact that the Russian Manchurian Railway passes 
through a wild and sparsely inhabited country, 
while the Japanese Railway is mostly through a 
thickly populated and settled section. 

Dalny. This is quite a big and well laid our 
city with many fine dwellings and other buildingst 
built by the Russians. The Japanese too have 
erected a number of fine public buildings. The 
present Yamato Hotel is in the former Railway 
Building and makes a very good and comfortable 
hotel. It is the best I have seen since entering 
Siberia. It is well managed. The room boys 
are very good, but there might be an improve- 
ment in the dining room service. The food is 
really very good and the charges are not high. You 
get a very good front room for three yen, food 
and bath extra. The people in the office are kind 
and attentive. The electric cars will soon be 
running in Dalny. The system is one of the 
many great undertakings here, belonging to the 
Railway. Fine macadamized streets ate being 
made and the steam rollers are busily employed at 
night. Altogether it has the making of one of 
the best kept and planned cities in the Far East. 
I here is no income tax, and the Custom House 
duties are those of the Chinese Government. Land 
is not sold but given to bona fide builders for the 
term of tenure here of the Japanese. The stores 
in Dalny seem rather poor. Work is in progress 
dredging the harbour and completing the break- 
water. Large steamers even now come alongside 
the extensive wharfs. I went over to Chefoo. The 
accommodation in the steamer was about the worst 
I have ever experienced. I slept on deck. We 
took from 8 p.m. until 6.30 a.m. The captain, 
crew and steamer were Chinese. There were 
about 100 third class passengers. Returning 
I came by the same steamer. The life at 
Chefoo takes one back to what it was in Japan 
about 35 years ago. Still there is a great deal of 
business done there. Hutterlield & Swire have 
one of their most important branches there. At 
times they have as many as ten steamers in port 
at once. So far as foreigners living there is con- 
cerned, it is a kind of glorified Kanukura. The 
climate is a nice one, but the South wind is off 
shore and comes from China town. The foreign 
settlement seems to be nothing else but Host 

Offices. 

I spent a day at Port Arthur. The first sight 
of the place is a disappointment. The harbour 
looks so small that one is ccmpelled to ask 
ones-self, is the place worth all the lives and 
money spent. Amongst things that claim 
attention is the enormous area the Russians 
had to protect. Then when one visits the 
position of one disputed fort after another the 
tenacity of the fight on both sides begins to be 
realized. The hell that has been on the tops of 



any truth in spirit rapping, here is the place to 
conveise with the departed, for here has many a 
brave man departed this life with frenzied soul. 
The shell-riven hills and bullet-flecked concrete 
wal's, what could they not echo of life at its in- 
tensest ? On reaching the top of 203 metre hill, 
one realizes the hopelessness of the struggle once 
this was in the hands of the Japanese, and justifies 
the surrender. This hill cost the Japanese 7,000 
lives. Jt would have been cheap at any price 
had it been taken earlier. Port Arthur now looks 
dead or asleep. The forts facing landwards 
have not been repaired. There are many fine 
empty or partially occupied buildings, and 
quite a number of partially finished ones 
of most ambitious size, left just as they were when 
the siege began. Never again will Port Arthur be 
the busy place it was. 

From Dalny I crossed over to Chemulpo, 32 
hours of a rough passage of 270 miles in a small 
steamer. Seoul shows many signs of advance. For 
instance a brass band in the Pagoda Park on Wed- 
nesday afternoon is well attended by the Korean 
and foreign residents. I am no judge of music but 
it seemed all right, and was under the able leader- 
ship of a German Professor once well known in 
Tokyo. I went through the new palace in Seoul. 
It is a stone building of excellent proportions. 
The interior fittings are made and being erected by 
specialists from Maples.' It promises to be a very 
up-to-date, tastefully and comfortably arranged 
dwelling. From Seoul, Fusan is an interesting and 
comfortable railway journey of about nine hours. 
At Fusan the " Satsuma Maru " bound for Japan 
was alongside the Pier. To Shimonoseki was a 
rough run of eleven hours. 



OUR ST. PETERSBURG LETTER. 



St. Petersburg, June 19, 1909. 
Yesterday took place the much discussed 
meeting between the Tsar of Russia and the 
German Kaiser. The toasts exchanged express 
the customary mutual cordiality and desire for a 
continuance of the feelings of friendship and 
good-neighbourliness which have long bound 
together the two nations and their rulers. The 
Tsar emphasised his desire to promote the 
general peace of the world, a sentiment which 
was echoed, witn a difference, by the distinguished 
guest. It is officially accepted that the meeting 
causes no changes whatsoever in the political 
atmosphere. 

What it is hoped will prove nothing more than 
a regrettable incident occurred on the eve of the 
meeting with a steamship carrying the English 
flag. The wildest versions are abroad, but the 
Novoe Vriniya alone of the Petersburg press refers 
to the matter, and tells it thus. " In the night of 
the 1617th the English ship ' Wood burn ' was 
moving directly on the position occupied by the 
Imperial Russian yacht. The gunboats on scout 
duty after hoiaing lanterns ordering a change of 
course, which were disregarded, fired a blank 
shot, then a second, as the vessel still held the 
same course, finally put a shell into her, which 
wounded or killed one or more men. The vessel 
then sailed for England." 

There are many points in this story which 
invite inquiry. At the present season it is not 
dark enough at any moment of the 24 hours for 
lanterns to be successfully used as signals : in fact, 
it is so light all night that ordinary print can l>e 
read with ease, without any kind of artificial 
light. Why, again, was a ship which had 
offended against the shipping laws of all the 
world allowed to " sail for England " unmolested, 
after being fired on. But the most remarkable 
thing in the account of the Xovoe l iemya is the 
entire toDe of the article, which does not express 
the slightest regret, and indeed impl es very 
plainly that the English commander was entirely 
to blame and that it serves him right. This may 
be so, in fact, but one misses the natural expres- 
sion of regret at so untoward an incident at such 
a moment. 

The evening papers say the shin went on to 
Helsingfors, that the Russian Authorities theie 
boarded her, and were ordered off by the captain. 
But the story of the cafes is the most striking : 
these hills dawns upon one. Surely if there IS " that this ship' under English flag was really a 



July 17, 1909. 1 



Finnish boat commanded by a Finnish captain, 
and that it was making stem on at full steam for 
the Imperial Yacht !! But St. Petersburg gossip 
is remarkably daring, though lacking woefully in 
any traces cf originality. 

The Novoe Vrcmya says Mr. O'Beime, Coun- 
cillor of the British Embassy here, was recalled 
by the King, on complaint made by the German 
Ambassador in St. Petersburg of certain too out- 
spoken criticisms on Germany's political methods 
uttered by Mr. O'Beime in the hearing of the 
Bavarian Envoy and reported by him to Count 
Pourtales. 

Yesterday the Russian loan of one million 
roubles fcr the Shah of Persia was formally 
sanctioned and the money despatched to Teheran. 
The loan has been made by Russia after full 
discussion and complete agreement on the subject 
with the British Government. The mejlis is 
to open in about a couple of months after receipt 
of this money by the Shah. Presumably this is 
one of the stipulations under which the money 
has been provided by Russia. At any rate, I am 
informed on the highest authority that of the 
hundred thousand pounds sterling which Russia 
lias lent to the Shah, whose treasury is otherwise 
absolutely empty, twenty-thousand Persian tomans 
(between six and seven thousand pounds sterling) 
is ear-marked for the restoration of the Mejlis 
building after the wrecking operations and looting 
by the Teheran mob which followed the bombard- 
ment of last June. It is evident from the amount 
allotted that the damage was sadly exaggerated 
at the time. 

A shocking balloon accident involving loss of 
life and injury to highly placed personages oc- 
curred at middav yesterday. In matters of aerial 
flight, Russia is still in the stage when the ascent 
of a free balloon ot the old type is an important 
event. The military balloon park has been 
engaged on experiments with the old-fashioned 
pear-shaped balloon of an earlier generation for 
some years past, and accidents have not been 
uncommon whenever the balloon was not sent up 
on a string. A little while ago an old balloon 
named the " General Vannovsky " was presented 
by the military authorities to the newly-created 
Russian Aero-club. The balloon is old and 
badly patched all over : three military officers lost 
their lives from it last year, and it has other 
accidents to its account both before and since 
that. Yesterday, in ideal weather, the " General 
Vannovsky " went up with an aeronaut, a military 
officer of some experience, and three passengers 
making an ascent for the first time in their lives. 
They were an Engineer officer named Palitsin 
(son of the late Chief of the General Staff) with 
his young wife, and Count Rostovtsev, the per- 
sonal secretary of the Empress and steward of the 
estates, etc. of the Imperial children. Six miles 
away from the start, when the balloon had just 
got across the Neva, not 20 minutes after it rose, 
tnose who saw it noticed a collapse first on one 
side then on both, and the balloon came down 
from a height of 1000 yards with terrific rapidity. 
The aeronaut flung out all the ballast bags and 
all, but nothing helped. With a crash the car 
struck the ground, killing the aeronaut and 
Engineer officer Palitsin, terribly injuring his wife, 
and leaving only Count Rostovsev with unbroken 
limbs. The Count, who is a fine athletic figure 
of a man, had the presence of mind to scramble 
into the network, and from the appearance of 
the bodies and the position in which the lady 
lay, it would seem that he had urged them to 
do the same. 

Experts say the cause of the fall was either the 
decrepit condition of this gift-balloon of the 
military authorities, or the nervousness and ignor- 
ance of the three novices, one of whom is suspect- 
ed of having inadvertently swung on the rope 
which slits up the balloon to ensure a rapid 
descent in the last emergency. 

Count Rostovtsev got off with the shock and some 
scratches, and immediately set about extricating 
his companions, whose injuries are terrible. The 
unfortunate wife was happily long unconscious, 
but on coming to herself, snatched at a revolver 
from an officer near with the intention of rejoin- 
ing her dead husband. The affair has cast a 
gloom over the Aero-club, even before it has 
acquired a single modern instrument of flight. 



The recently ordered " plane " has not yet left 
France, where its trials are reported to have been 
satisfactory, and where a Russian officer is under- 
going instruction in its management. 

The spread of cholera in St. Petersburg and 
the Province is assuming alarming proportions. 
The cases now number over fifty a day, and there 
are nearly two hundred patients in hospital. The 
press is full of angry articles against the muni- 
cipality, which met for the last time before the 
Summer adjournment last night, and was counted 
out for want of a quorum after listening to the 
statement of the officer of health, who declared 
that he resigned his post and declined any res- 
ponsibility for the fu'ure. 

The tramways strike is practically over, and 
most of the cars are now running under amateur 
guidance. Some curious scenes result. Yesterday 
the Nevsky Prospect presented the spectacle of 
half a mile of cars all empty and in close order at 
irregular intervals, while thousands of people 
crowded the street. Some amateur driver had, at 
a crossing at right angles where the Sadovaja tram- 
route bisects the Nevsky, run his car into another, 
stopping something like a hundred and fifty 
cars on the four arms of the figure so extemporised. 
The municipality affects to be perfectly satisfied 
with the strike as a means of getting rid of 
obnoxious employees who are being sent off to their 
villages by the police. But the loss in fares is said 
to amount to four thousand pounds sterling ; and, 
from all I hear, the damage to motors from the 
inexperienced handling of amateur drivers will 
amount to a good deal more. Some thirty cases 
of " burnt out " driving apparatus have been 
occurring daily ! 

St. Petersburg, June 22, 1909. 

Russians are greatly gratified by the first news 
received of the favourable and friendly reception 
that the Duma deputies have met with in London. 
Many Russians, whose knowledge of the workings 
of British public opinion is incomplete, expressed 
fears on Saturday lest the unhappy incident with 
the British steamer " Woodburn " might affect the 
welcome of their compatriots in England. 

The deputies have been invited officially to 
Paris and it is stated here to-day that some of 
them, at least, are expected to visit Belgrade on 
their way home. 

The official organ, the " Rcssia ", in a brief 
leading article, most favourably deals with this 
visit to London, but relies expressly on " the 
native tact and political training of the hospitable 
English to prevent the visit being made into a 
political event by interested parties". Under 
such conditions the Government of Russia heartily 
approves the visit, " not as a political move, but 
as a step towards the peaceful rapprochement of 
the two nations, "an attempt to bring them 
together socially, an object which should have the 
widest and deepest sympathies of all men". 
These words of the very guarded official organ 
of the Russian Government are the more strongly 
suggestive coming, as they do, hard upon the 
meeting between the Kaiser and the Emperor, of 
which little has been said anywhere in Russia 
outside the columns of the local German papers. 

The Russian Upper House is still sitting, and 
will only adjourn on Friday next until October 
10/23. During the lifetime of the third Duma 
it has become the custom for the Upper House 
to continue sitting after the prorogation of the 
Duma in order that all bills sent up from the 
latter may be dealt with before rising. 

On July 10th at Poltava will take place the 
two-hundredth anniversary celebration of the 
great victory of Peter the Great over Charles the 
Twelfth of Sweden and the revolting Little 
Russians under their Hetman, Mazeppa. The 
latter is the hero, of course, of Byron's poem 
" Mazeppa," which tells the early life of this 
wonderful adventurer. The more ambitious poem 
of Pushkin, entitled "Poltava " tells the end of 
his miserable life and the glorious victory of 
Peter the Great, who " long hesitated, avoiding 
a decisive battle ' as a very parlous matter' " but 
at length overthrew his enemies in a victory 
which confirmed the Russian power in the South, 
gave assurance of new conquests in the North 
and proved to the Empire the success and the 
necesssity of the reforms effected by the Czar," to 



quote the words of Pushkin's own introduction to 
his great poem. 

The Emperor will be present at the celebration, 
probably with the Empress and the Imperial 
Family. The Guards Division is being despatch- 
ed thither, together with representatives from the 
regiments whose predecessors took part in the 
historic fight. 

It is gratifying to note that the Black Gang, 
which had made such wordy preparations to 
identify themselves with the celebration of this 
victory, the proud possession of all Russians 
without distinction of class, creed, or race, has met 
with a deserved rebuff. Their part in the 
celebration has been reduced to a minimum, as 
mere spectators where they claimed to represent 
the nation. 

The passport system in Russia has always been 
found a nuisance by the traveller who ventured 
anywhere outside the beaten path of the big hotels 
and the capital cities. To the Englishman, with 
his very highly developed sense of law-abiding- 
ness, the passport, when he has to attend to it 
himself, is productive of many misunderstand- 
ings, which are not always accepted in a spirit 
of good humour by visitors to Russia from 
a " land of liberty." The other day a friend of 
mine, who had been in Russia just long enough 
to understand the vital importance of a passport 
and not long enough to appreciate the privileges 
so generously accorded to the foreigner by 
Russian regulations, received a summons to 
appear before the "Justice of the Peace " on a 
charge under such and such a paragraph of the 
" Criminal Code." Unfortunately my friend did 
not know very much Russian and appealed to a 
Russian whose English was evidently uncertain 
for a translation. He was told that the charge 
against him involved something punishable as a 
" capital offence." In a very unenviable state of 
mind he appeared at the police court to find that 
the yardman of his house had omitted to "write 
in " his passport and had probably spent the 
money given for that purpose in drink. As 
the police regulations had not been complied 
with the summons " on a capital charge " fol- 
lowed in due course — according to the appalling 
translation given. Altogether two appearances 
at the court were necessary before the matter was 
fully cleared up, and each visit meant a wait 
of several hours while a long string of " drunks 
and disorderlies " and other misdemeanants were 
told off. It is a happy omen that this English- 
man refrained from appealing to his Consul or 
writing to the papers about it all, and is content 
to retail the story for the amusement of his 
friends. I take this change of attitude to indi- 
cate that the visiting Britisher is getting a little 
more at home in Russia, and no longer, as in the 
old days, sees Siberia looming large and terrible 
before his eyes at every point of contact with the 
dreaded "Russian police," who are, perhaps, even 
more human than most police, especially in the 
matter of making mistakes. 

The cholera in St. Petersburg is steadily in- 
creasing : there are now 23S cases in the hospitals 
and the daily accession of undoubted cholera 
cases and the "suspects " — a new rubric in the 
returns — is over eighty. The Prefect has issued 
a drastic order to deal with the abuse of alcohol 
on Sundays and holidays which seems to affect 
Ihe cholera returns. From 2 p.m. on Saturdays 
or the eve of other holidays than Sundays until 
10 a.m. on Mondays or the days succeeding 
other holidays, neither the Government Driok 
Monopoly shops nor other refreshment retailers 
are now allowed to sell anything containing alcohol 
for consumption " off the premises". 

M. Charikov, late Adjunct-Minister of Foreign 
Affairs, now appointed Ambassador to Turkey, has 
left St. Petersburg on a month's leave before pro- 
ceeding to his new post, and M. Sazonov has taken 
his place. Other appointments daily expected are 
that of M. Poklevsky-Kozel, from London to 
Teheran, and M. Hartwig to Belgrade. 

M. Stolypin leaves St. Petersburg to-morrow to 
accompany the Emperor on his visit to Stockholm. 

The " Woodburn " incident has happily caused 
no excitement anywhere, and the official Russian 
statement entirely exonerates the British captain, 
whos~ ship was in the hands of the Finnish pilot 
as by law appointed. I understand that the whole 



?8 n»«-x¥3^nrB«2aKft«si>i the japan weekly mail. 



[July 17, 1909. 



affair arose out of the regrettable fact that the 
Finnish pilot, equally with the captain and crew of 
the British ship, was ignorant of Russian, and when 
hailed by megaphone failed to appreciale the 
situation. At the same time there is evidently 
room for inquiry as to why two blank shots, fired 
almost simultaneously, were so very speedily 
followed by shell, although the "Woodburn" had 
reversed her engines in the few seconds that 
intervened. Doubtless an official inquiry will be 
held into the conduct of the commanders of the 
gunboats on guard duty. Probably the whole 
incident is explained by the fact that on such 
important occasions these little vessels are often 
commanded by Admirals, and Russian Admirals 
are not the most intimately versed of Russian naval 
officers in the usages and practice of actual sea 
service, while their high rank makes it difficult to 
deal with that dangerous quality in all services — 
indiscreet zeal. 



St. Petersburg, June 24, 1909. 

The Russian papers are busy with the reception 
of the Duma visitors to London. Telegrams that 
are long for Russia on such an occasion and lead- 
ing articles in all the papers, evidence the all- 
absorbing interest taken in this great step towards 
an entente ccrdiale between the two peoples. The 
official organ, the Rossia, again refers to the 
visit, while the organs of the opposition declare 
that, as was to be expected, the pretence that 
there was no political aim in allowing the deputies 
to visit England has been unmasked the first time 
they have come into close contact with British 
politicians. If the maintenance of the peace of 
the world is not a political aim, say these papers 
in effect, then what is? And the speeches of M. 
Khomiakov and the English Premier both 
emphasise this aspect of the common aspirations. 
The radical press goes farther, putting the dots on 
the i's by contrasting the speeches in West- 
minister Hall with the speech made by the 
Emperor William at Cuxhaven on an occasion, a 
sporting regatta, that was even less connected with 
politics. They contrast the warmth of the hopes 
of peace in England with the egotistic expressions 
used at Cuxhaven : the one scene indicates a union 
of the nations, the other an alleged agreement 
between the monarchs only. The Black Gang 
press is, however, the most amusing on this occa- 
sion. For days it has been engaged in vituperating 
by name every deputy that has gone to England 
and calling upon the Government and upon the 
Emperor himself to deprive them of anything like 
a mandate to speak to the English people, '• who 
are regicides and anarchists to a man"! ThcBlack 
Gang, it may be remembered, is smarting under 
the snub it has received in connection with the 
Poltava celebrations. Its utterances concerning 
the visit of the deputies to England will almost 
certainly call down upon it a throughly well- 
deserved penalty. As no more subsidies are 
forthcoming from public funds, the Black Gang 
is rapidly dwindling to nothing, aDd these gross 
expressions must be taken as the last sting of a 
broken-backed snake. 

The " State of Extraordinary Defence," which 
differs only technically from a state of siege, has 
been now removed from Moscow, city and pro- 
vince, and replaced by a milder form of arbitrary 
rule. The regulations which hamper the freedom 
of the press however, are to remain in force. 
Of late the Black Gang organs have been figuring 
with increasing frequency in the bulletins of the 
police-censure on the periodical press. The 
time seems now not very far off when these re- 
strictions will in practice be enforced only 
against the two extreme wings, the ultra-radical 
and the Black Gang, leaving the respectable 
organs of public opinion, in the Capitals at any 
rate, to enjoy a considerable amount of freedom 
of speech without incurring either lines or im- 
prisonment. 

Certain centres in Poland, which have for years 
been under full " state of war ", have also been 
placed under a mitigated form of military rule. 

The cholera continues to increase. There are 
now nearly four hundred patients in hospital. 
Experts declare that the epidemic will increase 
rapidly for another fortnight, when some remission 
may be hoped for, but with the probability of a 
new and more severe return in August. So far 



the cases have been confined entirely to those j 
classes that live under unsanitary conditions and | 
persist in drinking raw water, The Neva ] 
water is now known to be infected throughout, 
right down to Kronstadt, where also the 
cholera has appeared. The filters hive been 
declared by experts to be only another source 
of danger, since the state they are in makes 
them rather nurseries for bacteria than purifiers 
of the water that is forced through them at 
high pressure to supply an increasing demand. 
The Committee of Ministers has devoted a good 
part of a sitting to considering what is to be done. 
Divers are securing samples of the water taken 
from the Neva in the neighbourhood of the intakes 
for the water supply. Police water-boiling wag- 
gons and centres for the distribution of boiled 
water to the poorer classes are now in full work. 
In short everything that was done last year is 
being done over again, and with less hope of suc- 
cess in staying the progress of the scourge. On 
the one hand, the common people, whose ignor- 
ance is the worst obstacle in the way of introduc- 
ing proper sanitary precautions, have become 
more than ever careless and accustomed to the 
presence of cholera in their midst, while, on the 
other hand, nothing whatever seems to have been 
done by the municipal authorities outside tie use- 
less, if not very costly, palliative methods adopted 
when the epidemic took the city by .--urprise last 
August. So far the figures obtainable of the pro- 
gress of the epidemic in the Province, outside the 
city limits, show that it has not yet taken hold 
anywhere, but there are odd cates here and there. 

In view of the pilgrimage of the Emperor to 
Poltava, vigorous efforts are being made to 
guarantee His Majes'y against the unexpected on 
the jjurney. The railway route is especially 
being subjected to most careful inspection, not 
only in the technical sens*, but in the rratter of 
those living anywhese within reach of the line. 
For a two mile strip on either side of the line 
every single man, woman, and child is being 
overhauled by the police and his bona jutes ex- 
amined. Those whose passports are irregular or 
who the police have cause to suspect, will be 
forcibly removed from the neighbourhood for 
some time before, during and after the Poltava 
celebrations. These precautions are usual, 
and, unfortunately, they are necessary, though 
in individual cases the hardships involved may be 
considerable. At the present moment, when the 
Emperor has not for six years made any lengthy 
railway journey into the interior of his country, 
and six such years ! — no precautions can be too 
great, for men's minds in Russia are still in some- 
what of a turmoil. It is only in the higher classes 
of society that the truth is recognised already, 
that Russia has entered firmly upon the path of 
constitutional government, that the Emperor 
personally has acted as a constitutional monarch 
for some years past, and that the higher function- 
aries of the Government are growing more and 
more accustomed to and in favour of the new 
form of rule. But down in the lower levels the 
change is hardly yet appreciable, and, in the 
nature of things, hardly can be made appreciable 
for some years to come. 

The laying down of four Dreadnoughts by 
Russia is the text for one of M. Menshikov's 
characteristic tirades in the Xovoe Vrcmya. He 
is a partisan of what is known here as a " defensive 
fleet," a fleet of submarines, torpedo-boats, and 
mine-layers, with perhaps aerial machines to drop 
dynamite on an enemy's decks. Russia has done 
nothing with the fleet that Peter the Great created, 
says Menshikov, and there is no reason to believe 
that she ever will do anything with the fleet she 
has now begun to build. Russia wants her army 
putting on a perfect fighting basis. But no doubt 
it is the English who have provided the money to 
rebuild Russia's fleet, and its only use will be in 
the service either of Germany or of England. 
Menshikov is a publicist with a genius for saying 
the wrong thing in a telling way, but this preseDt 
tirade is rather more of a hodgepodge of opinions 
than usual. 

According tostatistics published in the press here 
the penalties enforced undar military law against 
newspapers during tne mouth of May (O.S.) 
include lines to the amount of nearly six hundred 
pounds sterling: four confiscated ueues : two 



newspapers stopped entirely, and imprisonment in 
sentences aggregating six years and seven months 
for nine editors. Various ordinary law-suits are 
also pending, including a charge arising out of the 
propaganada of Count Tolstoy's pamphlets. 

The weather continues stifling hot by day with 
cool evenings and " white nights," — practically 
daylight all the twenty-four hours- 



THE CRICKET GROUND QUESTION. 

GOV«KNOR SUFU'S DECISION AWAITED BY 
THE MUNICIPALITY. 

In reply to inquiries by a Japan Mail repre- 
sen'ative on July 15, the Mayor of Yokohama, Mr. 
Mitsuhashi, said that there is not yet any official 
information to be made public in connection with 
the Municipal Council's resolution on Tuesday 
requesting a decision from Governor Sufu on the 
question of the renewal of the lease of the local 
cricket ground to the Y.C. & A.C , or the investi- 
ture of controlling power in the Municipality. 
The matter still rests with the Governor of 
Kanagana. 

Mr. Vanderberg, the secretary to His Excellency 
the Governor, reaffirmed the Mayor's statement. 
If His Excellency has comminrcated his decision 
to the Municipality yet, which is doubtful, the 
public details are not yet communicable from 
Governor Sufu's office. 

The resolution referred to was proposed by Mr. 
Akao, and was unanimously adopted in the fol- 
lowing form : 

"Referring to the Cricket Ground in the Park, 
leased to the Y.C. and A.C. an association of 
foreigners in Yokohama, concerning which Your 
Excellency sent an inquiry to the Municipality 
under the date of Feb.uary last year, and the 
reply to which was submitted on the 28th of the 
same month, we have the honour to request that 
Your Excellency would undertake consideration 
of the matter as early as possible as the term of 
the lease of the Club is Hearing expiration. If 
Your Excelleney should adopt the wishes of the 
Members of the Council and entrust the control 
of the ground to the Municipality, which at 
present controls all the other open spaces, this 
body would make suitable improvements to the 
park and enable all the public to obtain a share 
of pleasure, which is the sole wish of the Munici- 
pality." 

The reply is naturally awaited with a good deal 
of anxiety by lovers of sport. 



THE O.S.K.'S ACCOUNTS. 

The half-yearly General Meeting of the Osaka 
Shosen Kaisha will be held on the 22nd inst., 
when the following accounts will be submitted :— 

Yen. 

Gross Profit '.518,937 

Vessels' insurance charges 268,000 

Repair of Vessels 335,000 

Reserve for Depreciition , 343^00 

N'ett Profit 5 7 2,937 

Placed to Reserve 29,00a 

Bonuses 29,000 

lialance 5 14.937 

Brought forward , 342, 2to 

Total 857.147 

Dividend at the rale of 6 per cent, per 

annum 495,000 

Carried forward , 362,147 



TRADE 7.V HUMAN BONtS. 



Judgment was passed at the Kumamoto Chiho- 
Saibansho on Saturday, says the X<igasaki Press, 
upon the five persons convicted in connection 
with the trade in human bones, brought to light 
a few weeks ago. 

The principal. Hasegawa, of Nagasu, Kuma- 
moto-ken, was sentenced to four years' imprison- 
ment with hard labour, whilst his wife, also 
implicated, was given three years' imprisonment. 
Two others accused, of Nagasaki and Mogi 
respectively, were given eighteen months each, 
and the fifth, also of Mogi, received the lighter 
sentence of ten months. 



July I?, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. W*»-tri*3*i* H*2fIBlBEil?.pJ 79 



CRICKET. 

"An Eleven" z/*. "The Rest." 
In the match played on the Y.C. & A.C. ground 
on July 10 " the Rest" met with perhaps 
unexpected victory. After two hours' play — the 
excellent bowling of W.D.S. Edwards effectually 
preventing any stand — the 19 players of " the 
Rest " succeeded in reaching the modest score of 
107 runs. But the opposing Eleven failed to 
accomplish the apparently easy task of exceeding 
this total — their innings being marked by several 
more or less inexplicable failure?. Only the 
steady play of W.D.S. Edwards and N. Buckle 
prevented an ignominious collapse. As it was, 
" the Rest " were left victorious by 23 runs. 

The Rkst. 

E. L. Squire, h. Edwards o 

L. M. Whyte, b. Edwards 10 

R. E. Davur, c. and b. Edwards 10 

S. G. Stanford, b. Edwards 2 

W. A. Morris, c. Cornes, b. Scott 13 

H. T. Hume, c. Scott, b. Edwards 12 

E. K. Dinsdale, c. Bousfield, b. Edwards 1 1 

¥. R. de Silva, run out « 

W. E. Gooch, b. Buckle 16 

V. A. Hearne, b. Edwards 

W. Hayward, c. Bousfield, b. Buckle 

G. C. Allcock, b. Edwards ; 

H. S. Bell, b. Edwards 



o 

7 

1 

o 

B. C. Foster, not out 9 

W. G. Galloway, lbw., b. Edwards o 

K. G. Coirea, c. Strome, b, Buckle 6 

T. P. da Costa, c. Hardman, b. Edwaids 4 

S. A. Vincent, b., Edwards 1 

W. H. Worden, c. Hardnian, b. Buckle J 

Extras 4 



but sometimes defeats its own end. Too much 
back spin, therefore, should not be employed." 

The recording of bowling analysis is a trap into 
which many an unwary printer falls. Thus the 
Newcastle Duily Chronicle : — 

O. M. R. W. 
Crawford 1 o 160 — 

We can imagine, says Punch sympathetically, his 
appeal for '-just one more over," and the captain's 
apologetic refusal. 



THE OBJECT-LESSON OF TOKYO. 



Total 



107 



Bowling Analysis. 





B. 


R. 


W. 


A v. 


Edwards... 


149 


41 


12 


3-42 




60 


18 


1 


iS 


Bousfield . 


42 


16 






Buckle .. 


42 


28 

An XL 


4 


7 



K. Hardnian, b. Gooch 9 

A. G. Hearne, run out o 

P. E. Bousfield, c. Galloway, b. Hayward 8 

A. f. Cornes, c. Whyte, b. Hayward o 

W. D. S. Edwards, c. Stanford, b. Foster 39 

A. P. Scott, run out o 

B. Deveson, b. Gooch 1 

N. Buckle, c. H. S. Bell, b. Foster 12 

C. Murray Duff, c. Gooch, b. Foster 2 

O. Strome, b. Gooch \ 2 

L. C. Sharman, not out 'o 

Extras n 



Total 



Bowling Analysis. 



Hayward. 



B. 


R. 


W. 


Av. 


84 


20 


3 


6.66 


42 


18 






48 


21 


2 


10.5 


51 


14 


3 


466 



Cricket " Howlers." 

With the advent of the cricket season, there are 
the usual blunders in the press,, inseparable trom 
ignorance of the game. Upon some of these 
Punch pitches remorselessly. " It is scarcely 
creditable to the London Press " remarks the 
London Charivari, " that it should have remained 
for a provincial paper to chronicle a bowling 
feat in the Test Match which, we have reason 
to believe, is unique in the annals of cricket. 
• The most striking contrasts of the match,' says 
the Liverpool Daily Post and Mercury, ' were 
the scores of C. B. Fry and Hobbs, both of whom 
were out to the first Sail in the opening innings,' 
By-the-by the invention of a bowling machine will 
be announced. It is hoped later cn to perfect 
mechanical batsmen and fielders as well ; then 
every one, including the cricketers, will be able 
to watch a match in comfort." 

In another part of the same issue appears the 
following gem from the Birmingham Evening 
Dispatch : — 

".The first three balls puzzled him : he appeared a 
trifle nervous. A ball from Macartney jumped over 
the batsman's shoulder, hit Macartney on the head 
and went for a single." 

A propos of which our humorous contemporary 
remarks — "The boomerang ball is very deceptive, 



Of the many evidences of progress that may be 
noted in the Far East, none, perhaps, is more 
worthy of attention than the remarkable trans- 
formation both accomplished and in progress in 
the city of Tokyo. Changes that in all parts of 
the land have accompanied the westernization of 
Japan are here, as it were, epitomized. In parti- 
cular, the importance attached by western nations 
to comfort in municipal affairs has found recog- 
nition in the Japanese capital in an increasingly 
high standard of local government. And in this 
recognition the remarkable thoroughness with 
which Japan has adapted herself to the new ideas 
is strikingly conspicuous. The disease of " mud- 
dling through-somehow " which at times afflicts 
Anglo-Saxondom so badly has not been allow- 
ed to spread its baneful contagion among 
the leaders of the new Asia movement in Japan. 
City authorities who can plan the reconstruction 
of an Oriental city on the basis of main thorough- 
fares a hundred feet and more in width prove 
themselves to be the possessors not only of great 
ideas but of strong faith in the future. Whatever 
adverse criticism may be passed upon the 
transformation of Japan, whether from a political 
or a merely romantic point of view, this spirit, 
of a perpetual looking to the future in all 
questions of public improvement, must be 
admitted. Like all poor countries, where the 
soil is insufficient for the support of a rapidly 
increasing population, Japan has suffered heavily 
in the past from denudation of her trees and 
underwood. To-day afforestation is in evidence 
everywhere. Tne slopes of the highest hills, 
wherever earth affords a root-hold, may 
be seen from afar furrowed by the lines of 
newly planted saplings. What a change might 
come over the face of China for the advantage of 
her agricultural prosperity, did her authorities 
deem it worth while to take a few lessons of this 
kind from the example of their neighbours. 

There is, however, no truer evidence of regard 
to the needs of the future than the attention which 
a nation gives to the training of youth. The old 
saying that "it is impossible to make men good 
by Act of Parliament" expresses in a nutshell 
the importance of looking to the position 
that education holds in a nation as the most 
trustworthy evidence of what that nation 
is likely to become. Judged by this test alone, the 
Japanese may lay stronger claim to be deemed 
progressive than in almost any other respect. The 
foundation of universities worthy of the name, as 
distinct from schools which misuse that historic 
word, is a notable feature of the history of the last 
decade in Japan. Even Sapporo, hitherto chiefly 
known as the principal industrial centre of Hok- 
kaido, has recently joined the ranks of cities 
possessing an Imperial University. But, as in 
matters of municipal reformation, so also in 
intellectual it is in Tokyo that the most vigorous 
witness to the sincerity of Japan's endeavour to 
assimilate the ways of the West is to be found. 
Tokyo is the largest student city in the world. 
Something like a hundred thousand students are 
in attendance at the high schools and universities 
of that wonderful city. The blue-uniformed 
undergraduate is a conspicuous figure in every 
street and place of public resort. That he 
should occasionally get a little out of hand when 
he receives less consideration at the hands of 
his pastors and masters than he conceives to be 
his due, as in the case of the recent strike of 
students at the Tokyo commercial college, is a 
small failing that he shares with undergradu- 
ates of far more ancient institutions in other 
lands. But of the earnest purpose that inspires 
him there can be no doubt. 



that history affords to the spirit prevailing 
in Tokyo to-day is the enthusiasm for 
learning that spread through all the chief cities 
of Europe at the time when the Renaissance 
was at its flood. So overwhelming is this 
desire for learning in Japan that the question is 
being asked in all seriousness by writers in the 
Japanese Press, whether the Japanese may not find 
themselves in the next generation an over-educat- 
ed nation. 

Not only Japan is concerned in the nature of 
the reply that time will give to this question. 
Nearly five thousand Chinese students are to be 
found among the multitude of pupils who throng 
the Tokyo lecture-rooms : and with them are men 
from Korea, the Straits Settlements, S : aro, even 
from India, so far has the fame of Tokyo spread as 
the educational metropolis of the Far East. Most 
of these are described as serious students, having a 
definite aim in study, who will stay for courses of 
three years and longer. Their continuance in 
Japan will depend considerably upon the political 
relationships of the two countries, and while there 
is undoubtedly much that China may learn with 
profit from Japan, it is to be hoped that no un- 
toward event will arise to debar her students from 
the use of Tokyo's efficient educational institu- 
tions. At the same time it has to be admitted 
that the effects upon Chinese students of a training 
in Japan are not invariably of the happiest order, 
and that a certain distrust, not wholly unwarrant- 
ed, for the results if not for the methods of Japanese 
education has begun to creep into the minds of 
China's rulers. That distrust has a distinct bearing 
upon the question whether Japan may not be 
tending to become an over-educated nation. 
The mental atmosphere of Tokyo is described 
as one of the widest toleration and eclecticism. 
Yet one blot on the whole, small at present but 
likely to prove dangerous in its unchecked 
progression, is pointed out by Professor Arthur 
Lloyd in his latest work on Japan. It is that a 
purelysecular system of education, the very 
antithesis, be it remarked, of a comprehensive 
toleration, is already producing unsatisfactory 
results in character formation among young 
Japanese and is likely in time to lead to disastrous 
conclusions,. Even if we leave questions of 
religious thought and training altogether out of 
consideration, it must be felt that in the contest of 
new ideas and old much that was good in the 
latter may be lost. The old ideals of Japan 
may have been almost fantastic in their elevation ; 
but they laid the foundations of that national 
character that has made possible the birth of the 
new Japan. With the adoption of western 
standards, there comes an inevitable danger of a 
too violent reaction from sentiment to materialism. 
For the present that danger has gained no more 
than a partial footing, but it is one against which 
Japanese student and citizen alike must be guarded 
witli strict care. — N-C. Daily Navs. 



NATIONAL DEFENCE. 



LORD ESHER ON ENGLAND S PERILOUS POSITION. 

Viscount Esher, speaking recently on national 
defence at Callender, Perthshire, said he was 
no alarmist, and belonged to no political party, 
but no one could look at the recent trend of events 
in Europe and the Near and Far East without 
being aware that Great Britain stood in a more 
perilous position to day than at any time during 
the last hundred years. His earnest conviction 
was that unless the British Government and the 
Governments of Britain's Dominions overseas took 
strong and immediate steps, the lads he was 
addressing would have to fight for the freedom 
of Britain and the freedom of Europe. We were 
bound to maintain our naval supremacy by build- 
ing two ships to every one of the next strongest 
European Power; and, in regard to military 
forces, we must have a regular army with a 
well-defined strength of reserves, and also a 
Territorial Force with reserves, of well-defined 
strength. Whilst the Dominions overseas must 
take their fair charge of the defence of the 
Empire, compulsion to his mind would be an 
odious necessity ; but he hoped to see the day 
when every young man who did not voluntarily 
submit himself for the defence of his country, 
The best parallel would be pointed to with contumely in the street. 



8o w»*i*BJ*H*B«**«M™ THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 17, 1909. 



WHAT IS COLOUR BLINDNESS? 



EXPERTS DIFFER. 

The shipping world, and particularly those 
holding Captains' and officers' certificates, are 
greatly exercised by two extraordinary cases 
where candidates in the present Board of Trade 
colour-vision test have failed both at the 
ordinary Board of Trade examination and on 
appeal where the examination was conducted 
by specialists appointed by the Board for 
the purpose. One case was that of Mr. 
Walter H. Glover, who passed for Second Male 
some eighteen months ago, and had served in this 
capacity on board a London steamer. On 
presenting himself for a certificate of competency 
as First Mate, he failed in colour-vision 
although he had passed successfully in this respect 
before. The Board of Trade then ordered a 
Local Marine Board Inquiry with a view to Mr. 
Glover's certificate as Second Mate being taken 
away from him on the ground of incompetency in 
eyesight. Mr. Glover, however, produced the 
expert evidence of Dr. Win Ettles, of the Royal 
Eye Hospital, who testified that Mr. Glover was j 
not colour blind. The London Local Marine 
Board, after hearing the evidence on both sides, 
decided that they would themselves test Mr. 
Glover. On doing so, they decided that lie 
was not colour blind and that his certificate 
should be returned to him. The Imperial 
Merchant Service Guild being greatly concerned 
in this matter, in so far as its members are con- 
cerned, have also had their attention drawn to 
the c*se of one of tbeiT members, Mr. John 
Trattles, which is even more extraordinary than 
that of Mr. Glover. In the y ar 190; Mr. 
Trattles, preparatory to sitting for his 2nd 
Mate's certificate, was examined in colour-visirn 
and passed. A few d-ys after the Board 01 
Trade discovered that his brother had been found 
defective in colour-vision, and Mr. Trattles was 
thereupon subjected to a re examination in which 
he again proved successful. In 1905 Mr. Trattles 
presented himself for his First Mate's certificate, 
but on this occasion was failed in colour vision 
by the Board of Trade Examiner. He thereupon 
appealed to the Board of Trade and was examined 
at South Kensington by a specialist who upheld 
the examiner's decision. The Board of Trade 
then requested Mr. Trattles to surrender 
his Second Mate's certificate, which he declined 
to do. On his own part he presented himself for 
examination at the Central London Ophthalmic 
Hospital and the South London Royal In- 
firmary, obtaining certificates from both that 
his colour sense was good. 



The Guild, also, hope to have a representative 
present, if possible, so that they may have some 
opportunity of judging the particular features of 
the matter. 



NOTICE 10 MARINERS. 

KAWARA ZU BUOY AND OKINO-SU BUOY CHANGED. 

Notice is hereby given that Kawara-zu Buoy 
and Okino-zu Buoy at Shiaku-seto, Inland Sea (see 
Notification No. 61 1 of Department of Commun- 
ications, June 1 909), have been changed into a 
lightbuoy each : 

KAWARA ZU LIGHTBUOY. 
Construction and painting: — Iron frustum of 
cone painted black, surmounted by a lattice work 
supporting the lantern. Height of light: — 10 leet 
above the water. Character of light : — Pintsch's 
gas occulting white light, — light 1 second, eclipse 
3 seconds. Illuminated arc : — The whole horizon. 
Distance visible: — 4 nautical miles in clear 
weather. 

OKINO SU LIGHTBUOY. 
Construction and painting: — Iron frustum of 
cone painted red, surmounted by a lattice work 
supporting the lantern. Height of light : — 10 
feet above the water. Character of light : — 
Pintsch's gas fixed red light. J Humiliated arc ; — 
The whole horizon, Distance visible : — 2 
nautical miles in clear weather. 



THE FRENCH NATIONAL HOLIDAY. 



YOKOHAMA. 



In preparation for the Bon matsuri in Yoko- 
hama, Kitsa ichi (market for fruits and other 
vegetables necessary in celebration of Bon) was 
licensed by the Police Authorities on June 12. 
Some 50 stalls line the river side, near the Isezak- 
cho Police Station. 

On July 1 1, a rikisha man at Tobe cho 6 chome 
died from the plague. 



The health letuins for Kanagawa prefecture din ing 
the week ended July 8th are as follows : — 



Yokohama — L 

New cases ... 

Died 

Other Districts — 

New cases ... 

Died 



Board of Trade ordered a Local Marine Board 
Inquiry in order that Mr Trattles' certificate as 
Second Mate might be confiscated on the ground 
that he was defective in colour-vision. On this 
Inquiry being held in London, the Local Marine 
Board, after testingMr. Trattles themselves, declar- 
ed that he was competent. In April 1906 Mr. 
Trattles again presented himself for examination 
for his First Mate's certificate, was examined 
in colours and passed in this respect by a Board 
of Trade Examiner in London. He then sat for 
the remainder of the examination, in which he 
was successful, and obtained the Examiner's 
authority for the issue of his First Mate's 
Certificate. Subsequently the Registrar-General 
of Shipping and Seamen informed Mr. Trattles 
that his examination had been cancelled on 
the ground that he was colour-blind and his 



The Yokohama Railway Company is under- 
stood to be in negotiation with Messrs. Sale 
Ultimately the|& Frazar for a loan of yen 1,000,000 or yen 



1,500,000 to carry out the extension of its line 
along the foreshore. 



DISGRACEFUL INCIDENT AT OSAKA 
COMMERCIAL MUSEUM. 

A LHN MALICIOUSLY INJURED BY A VISITOR. 

A remarkable scene took place recently at 
the Osaka Commercial Museum. It appears, 
says the Kobe Her alii, that a man named Chigami 
Takeshi, 25 years of age, who was visiting the 
menagerie attached to the Museum, set him- 
self to torment a lion which was asleep in a 
cage. Awakened by his shouting, the lion became 
infuriated by the man's provocative conduct, 
and eventually, driven wild by continued teasing, 
thrust one of its paws between the bars of the 



certificate was withheld. The President of the ' cage and struck a sword-stick which the man was 

carrying. The blow caused the wooden sheath 
to ia.ll off, leaving the naked blade' exposed. 
Thereupon the man thrust the sword into the lion's 
mouth and drove it repeatedly into the unfortunate 
animal. Eventually the keeper of the animal 
appeared, together with other persons, and the 



Board of Trade, on being appealed to, declined 
to intervene, and Mr. Trattles therefore has been 
without his First Mate's certificate for some con- 
siderable time. The Imperial Merchant Service 
Guild have made arrangements for bringing the 
case of Mr. Trattles before Parliament very 



shortly ; they have also addressed the strongest man tried to get away. Fortunately, however, 
representations 10 the Board of Trade pointing he was caught by a policeman and taken to the 
out the injustice of this case and the most tin- Higashi Police Station. As it is said that he 
satisfactory nature of the present Board of 'hows no signs of mental derangement, it is to 
Trade tests in colour-vision. The Guild now j be hoped that he will receive the severe punish 
learn that the Board of Trade have consented to ment which his ruffianly conduct deserves. The 



give Mr. Trattles a re examination in the course 
ot the present week, and have agreed that his own 
specialist shall be in attendance at the same tune. 



IS OBSERVED LOCALLY: BANQUET AT THE 
FRENCH HOTELS. 

Wednesday being the anniversary of the fall of 
the Bastille, the notorious French prison, the day 
was observed as a national holiday in Yokohama. 
A big reception was held at the French Con- 
sulate, at which many of the leading local officials 
and residents were present, including the Mayor 
of Yokohama. 

A luncheon and banquet were served at the 
Oriental Palace Hotel, and a dinner on an elabo- 
rate sca'e, accompanied by a foreign band, was 
provided by the management of the Hotel de 
Paris, at which the mayor was also one of the 
principal guests. All the consulates and the 
leading public buildings and offices courteously 
recognized the holiday by a display of their own 
national flags by the side of the Republican 
tricolour, and many offices recognized the day as 
a holiday. A noticeable feature in many streets 
was the knotting together of the Japanese and 
French flags, indicative of a pleasurable spirit of 
friendship. 



lion is stated to be very severely injured, and it 
is feared that it will prove very dirhcult to treat 
its wounds. 



CROWN PRINCESS IN YOKOHAMA. 

INSPECTS NEWLY LAUNCHED VOLUNTEER FLEET 
VESiEL. 

On July 15, between 10 and 11 o'clock, the 
Yokohama wharf was the centre of considerable 
interest. Her Imperial Highness the Crown 
Princess, attended by several court officials, and 
accompanied by Governor Sufu, His Worship the 
Mayor of Yokohama, Mr. Mitsuhashi, and nume- 
rous leading local officials, was inspecting the 
Nengo Kama Main, the new vessel just turned 
out of the Nagasaki Dockyard and which joins, as 
second unit, the Japan Vulunteer Fleet. 

The ship, which will be placed on one of the 
passenger toutes, carries two 6" guns and is 3,600 
tons in displacement. She carries two masts and 
two funnels and is equipped with all the latest 
improvements including telephone and electric 
light t ronghout. 

The Princess returned to Tokyo by the 11-it 
a.m. train, being highly pleased with her tour over 
the vessel. 



JOHNSON'S INSULTING CHALLENGE. 

Jack Johnson, the negro heavy weight, has 
challenged James J. Jeffries to fight one round or 
50 within two months, and calls on Jeffries to 
accept the challenge within 10 days or "hold his 
tongue." He issued the challenge in Eoston re- 
cently, in the following tcims : 

" In view of the statement made in Pittsburg 
by James J. Jeffries, I. Jack Johnson, heavy weight 
champion of the world, do hereby challenge James 
J. Jeffries either to fight me at once lor my title 
or henceforth hold his tongue. 

" I believe he is a four flusher to the backbone 
I hereby challenge him to meet me in the ring 
within two months from this date, one round or 
50, for a purse of not less than £30,000 for my 
end, and a side bet of 5 • 0,000. 

" Aside from the purse I make this one con- 
dition : That Jeffries shall accept this challenge 
within 10 days from date, and as a token of that 
acceptance cover my forfeit of $5,000, which I 
have already posted, within two weeks." 

YACHTING. 



A. moderate northerly to northwesterly breeze 
made agreeable yachting weather on July 10, 
despite the overcast condition of the skies. The 
various races were carried out as arranged, with 
the following results : — 

Large Boats 1 Nagahama Course). Man, r: 
Maid Marion, 2 : .Xaruii a, 3. The last named 
was awarded the prize on handicap, Asagao and 
Crenel l>eing unplaced. 

22— Raters (Widow Buoy Course ), — F.lsa, 1 ; 
Edna, : : /We, 3. Of the 6 starters, E/sa and 
Edna ran a very close race. 

Lark Class— (1 1 starters). No. 7 (Mr. N, 
Brockhurst) first : No. 12, second, No. 2, third. 



July 17, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. mm^-^H ttB*Hll»HftSi>r 8t 



THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA. 



The Hon. John W. Foster, in a magazine article 
on China and her present conditions, asserts that 
" probably in no previous period of the history of 
the human lias there been awakened such con- 
centrated attention to one portion of the earth and 
its inhabitants." One might add to this dictum 
and declare that from the very beinning of China's 
intercourse with the West, her people and her 
civilization have been a fruitful and apparently 
interesting subject to contributors to magazines 
and makers of books. She has been lauded to the 
skies by some and picturesquely abused by others. 
One author inscribes in a weighty volume the 
distinctly peculiar and ridiculous phases of 
Chinese life, and by his amusing stories adds to 
the gaiety of the nations. Another, a distinguished 
statesman, contents himself with an inventory 
of the mineral wealth of the Empire, and hopes to 
rouse the interest of his countrymen through the 
spirit of commercialism. Between the globe- 
trotter, who spends his week in each of the 
principal treaty-ports, and the missionary, who has 
lived in Chung Kuo so long that he actually 
becomes homesick when he visits his native land, 
there has arisen a literature on things Chinese that 
is at once bizarre and learned. 

The singular feature of this outpour of printed 
matter is that it is almost entirely the result of 
the labours of foreign writers. Until very recent 
years, there were very few of our people who 
had mastered foreign languages, and who could 
express their views of the past and present of their 
country to the West. Nor did the Government 
realize, and, indeed, has not yet realized, the 
tremendous advantages of inspiring and paying 
for "write-ups" to secure the good will and 
approval of the world. Whether she is praised or 
abused, China has pursued the even tenor of her 
way, acting according to her best light and to her 
sense of right and wrong. 

We have a saying that between right and wrong 
the public is an equitable judge ; or in the words 
of Sir Robert Hart, " they (the Chinese) believe 
in right so firmly that they scorn to think it 
requires to be supported or enforced by might." 
That this saying is ba«ed on a correct philoso- 
phical conception and that our belief is also the 
guiding principle of the great men of other nations 
is proved by the numerous foreign statesmen and 
writers that have rushed to our defence whenever 
the honour and fair name of China have been 
unjustly assailed or her actions misconstrued. 
Nothing in the history of the foreign relations of 
the Empire has afforded us more gratification and 
filled us with more pride and hope than the 
staunch friendship and deep affection which so 
many foreigners, generally the ones that know us 
best, have for China. 

It is hardly possible to restrain a smile when 
we read that " no one knows or ever will know 
the Chinese, the most comprehensible, contra- 
dictory, logical, illogical people on earth." 
This sounds something like a characterization, in 
a comic paper, of woman, and is not to be taken 
seriously. The fact is, we are very much like 
other human beings, with to be sure some pecu- 
liarities, due to centuries of segregaiion from other 
nations. But we have essentially " tl.e same hopes 
and fears, the same joys and sorrows, the same 
susceptibility to pain and the same capacity for 
happiness." With increased and better acquaint- 
ance of the world through travel abroad and read 
ing at home, the representative men of our country 
will lose many of the traits and discard many of 
the customs that seem peculiar to Westerners. 
Indeed, we have already a class of cosmopolitans, 
men who haveenjoyed educational facilities abroad 
and who are as much at home in London or New 
York as in Peking. 

In recent years, a revolution has taken place in 
our world of thought. Always a nation that 
delighted in books and worshipped literary talent, 
we have had a literature equal in extern and quality 
to that of Greece or Rome. Very few Wester- 
ners who have mastered our language have not 
echoed and re-echoed the sentiment that " untold 
treasures lie hidden in the rich lodes of Chinese 
literature." This mine of intellectual wealth has 
been enriched by the translation of the best 
works of the West. John Stuart Mill, Huxley, 



Spencer, Darwin and Henry George, just to men- 
tion a few of the leading scholars of the modem 
age, are as well known in China as in this 
country. The doctrine of the survival of the 
fittest is on the lips of every thinking Chinese, 
and iis grim significance is not lost on a nation 
that seems to be the center of the struggle in the 
Far East. Western knowledge is being absorbed 
by our young men at home or abroad at a rapid 
rate, and the mental power of a large part of four 
hundred millions of people, formerly concentrat- 
ed on the Confucian classics, is teing turned in a 
new direction — the study of the civilization of the 
West. 

Socially, an agricultural people is being trans- 
formed in a sudden into a manufacturing and in- 
dustrial nation. New desires have given birth to 
new wants : the railway and the steamship must 
take the place of the mule cart, the sedan chair 
and the houseboat ; gas and electricity supplant 
ithe paper lantern and the oil lamp : the roar of the 



The twentieth century is pre-eminently the 
century of international commerce. The struggle 
for fresh markets, to dispose of the surplus pro- 
ducts of the field and the factory after the full 
supply of home consumption, is a very keen one. 
China, with her teeming population gradually 
being infected with desires and wants of the 
twentieth century but possessing only the facilities 
of an agricultural people to gratify them, will 
become the biggest buyer of the world in the near 
future. A large share of this trade wil' come to 
America, if tl.e statesmen and merchaiUs of 
America are wise enough to seek for it. Ultimate- 
ly, the national welfare and prosperity of the 
United States must depend on foreign markets 
and the securing of the commercial prize of the 
Orient is a coup worthy the attention and thought 
of all patriotic Americans. In this competition for 
commercial supremacy, the good will of our 
people is an asset not to be despised by the nation. 

It would be a reflection on the intelligence and 



loom bewilders the factory girl who has been used | character of the people of the United States, 
to the hand-weaving machine ; and the smoke of however, were an appeal for closer relations bet- 
ween the venerable Empire and the young Re- 
public to attract attention and derive interest 
simply through the spirit of commercialism. The 



factories and arsenals threitens to soil the blue of 
our skies and make hideous the exterior form of 
nature as it has done in the West. The foreign 



trade of Shanghai is already greater than that of | present century is the century of internationalism, 



Boston, while the greatest sea-port is the world, 
measured by the tonnage of its vessels, in the 
island of Hongkong, a stone's throw from Canton. 

There is a public opinion in China now that 
makes itself heard and obeyed. No longer is it 
possible to held to the conception that China 
stands for a few men in power and that their 
will is the law of the land. As Mr. Elihu 
Root has recently expressed it, " The people 
nov, not Governments, make friendship or dis- 
like, sympathy or discord, peace or war between 
nations." The people cf China are gradually 
coming to their own, and with the elaborate 
preparations now being made for a constitutional 
government, it is only a question of a few years 
when a Chinese parliament becomes an established 
fact, and another member of the human family 
added to the ranks of liberal government. 

There are many reasons why China and the 
United States of America should be the best of 
friends. Geographically, we are the two 
continental countries situated on the opposite 
shores of the Pacific Ocean. With the annexation 
and the acquisition by the United Slates of the 
Hawaiian and the Philippine Islands, we have 
become next-door neighbours, 
of the Isthmian Canal, an event looked forward 
to with great interest by the whole world, will 
bring the Atlantic seaboard and the Mississippi 
Val'ey weeks nearer the trade of the Orient. 
It is a logical consequence and a consummation 
devoutly to be wished that the relations between 
the ancient Empire and the young Republic 
should grow more intimate every day. 

From the time of Caleb dishing, the American 
Minister who arrived in China in 1844. bearing 
a letter from President Tyler to the Emperor 
Taokuang, Sino-American relations have always 
been fiiendly. If, as the Emperor Taokuang 
used to command his ministers of stale to impress 



remarkable for the growth of exchange of ideas 
and ideals as well as of merchandise and com- 
modities. In no former age has the civilization 
of the East come into such close contact with 
that of the West. The East has made and is 
making an honest effort to study the thought and 
the institutions of Europe and America, while 
this country in particular of the nations of 
t e West is endeavouring to understand the 
spirit of the East. China has had a civilization 
of four thousand years and has contributed much 
to the progress of the world. Scores of discoveries, 
which have helped to increase the happiness and 
welfare of mankind, must be credited to us. 
But best of all, the Confucian school has evolved 
a type of manhood with many virtues to commend 
and deserving the serious study and imitation of 
other nations. Chinese civilization, being based 
on a moral order, has imbued its exponents with 
a profound respect and love for the moral 
relations. It is true very often the spirit of the 
teaching of Confucius is lost in the empty forms 
of ceremony and idle phrases of etiquette, but the 
centuries of discipline could not bit leave its im- 
print on our people. We find, therefore, often a 
The completion j spirit of ministerial loyalty tothe Emperor, of filial 
piety to one's parent, of devotion 0.1 the part of 
wives to their husbands, of affection between 
brother and brother and of constancy to friends 
that are not emphasized in other civilizations. 
Simplicity of living, patience under suffering, 
industry, contentment and an optimistic spirit, 
persistence in one's undertaking and the 
power to endure are some of the virtues 
which have made Chinese civilization so stable 
and so venerable. Then there is the devotion to 
and worship of letters, politeness towards all, 
respect for and obedience to the law, and last but 
not least the love for peace and tranquillity. If, 
therefore, China is poor in mechanical appliances 



on the foreign representatives, the Celestial Empire and scientific knowledge, she may be wealthy in 
prides itself on Ic eping good faiih in its promises i those virtues which add to tiie happiness and 
and agreements, the United States has also taught quality of the life that is lived. In the words of 
China to believe through experience that it may an eloquent writer, Europe and Ameiica, looking 
be trusted to do what is right and just. The j across the ocean to the Far East, should be 
several treaties concluded between the two nations : anxious, " not indeed to imitate the forms, but to 
have been on the one hand honourable to the United appropriate the inspiration ot that ancient world 
States and on the other fair to China. When China ' which created manners, laws, religions, art, whose 
desired to establish diplomatic relations with the history is the record not merely of the body, but 
Powers, it was also an American, the Hon. Anson of the soul of mankind, and whose spirit, already 
Burlingame, tha*: was given the coveted position escaping from the forces in which it has found 
of an envoy. The refusal of the United States of partial embodiment is hovering even now at 
1 America to participate in the opium traffic, or in \ your gates in quest of a new and more perfect 
I the coolie trade, the absence on her part of any incarnation." 

'desire to encroach on the territorial rights of; In the hundreds of Chinese students in this 
Chin i, her action in contending for the integrity country that are earnestly and industriously 
of China, the recent remission of a part of the , absorbing the best the colleges and universities 
Boxer indemnity, and her willingness, in general, can impart to them, there exists a mighty bond of 
to give China a square deal, have not failed to union and an unwritten alliance between China 
make a very favourable impression on cur peo- and America. These young men, as one of them 
pie. If there is one commendable quality in our strikingly expressed it, form a bridge across the 
people conspicuous by its piesence, it is that of broad expanse cf the Pacific Ocean on which Ame- 
not forgetting a good turn, and the good offices rican learning, American ideals, American institu- 
of this country are and will be appreciated by us tions, American inventions, and American manu- 
for many years to come, . factures are and will be conveyed to China. The 



Ra *M*+Bnnzxzmmm?! the japan weekly mail. 



[July 17, 1909. 



influence of such young men, the future leaders of 
China, over their country's predilections and 
policies will be enormous. Having been fully 
saturated with American ideals and ideas they 
will transport them to and distribute them among 
their own countrymen. " They will be able to 
modify the public opinion of their countrymen 
that half a century of ordinary contact with the 
Occident cannot modify. They will be able 
to insure a peace and trade in the Far East that 
treaties and military forces cannot insure. In 
one word, these students will be the most effective 
instruments through and with which American 
civilization or rather American university educa- 
tion can exert its wonderful influence on the new 
China." Wei-Chiw: W. Yen. 



THE PRINCE. 

The Prince of Wales recently celebrated the 
forty-fourth anniversary of his birthday. His 
Royal Highness may almost be called a child of 
the summer. Born at Marlborough House on 
June 3rd, 1865, he was baptised at Windsor 
Castle on July 7th. On July 6th, 1893, he 
married the " Princess May " at the Royal 
Chapel, St. James's, and their eldest child, Prince 
Edward, was born on June 23rd, 1894. At pre- 
sent the Prince is taking an unusually active part 
in the affairs of the nation, and he is developing 
into a really able and personally magnetic public 
man. As a speaker, especially, he is invariably 
seen to great advantage. His speech on the 
Press at the Hotel Cecil the other day was a 
model of elocutionary excellence. His accent 
and manner are charmingly unafftcted, and his 
vocal delivery is clear and resonant. Altogether 
he makes an ideal chairman at a public gathering. 

It is, however, as a husband and a father that 
the Prince of Wales appeals most strongly to the 
British people. The very absence of trifling 
tittle-tattle about the Prince provides an eloquent 
testimony to his virtues in those capacities. His 
home life is completely happy, and no children 
are less spoilt or more carefully and sensibly 
reared than the " Wales children." Next to public 
speaking, the Prince's greatest talent is shooting. 
He is one of the three best sporting shots in the 
Kingdom. He has one or two curous little 
hobbies, such as collecting stamps and babies' 
photographs, and he is an inveterate smoker, like 
liis father. 



NEWS OF THE WEEK. 

The Russian Consulate at Nagasaki will in future 
represent French nationals at that port not as a 
Consular Agency, as previously understood, but 
with the status of a Vice-Consulate. 

It is reported that Mr Arakawa Minoji, Japanese 
Minister in Mexico, will be appointed Minister 
to Spain in succession to the late Mr. Inagaki 
Manjiro. He will take up his post in September. 

Sixteen boys living at Nezugaseki-mura, Nishi- 
dagawa-gori, in Yamagata prefecture, were taken 
ill after eating some fruit on the 13th and their 
condition is still causing anxiety. The fruit was 
poisonous. 

The Kobe Chamber of Commerce has appointed 
Mr. Takigawa Benzo to be a m "tuber of the party 
of representatives of Japanese Chambers which is 
about to visit America. Five other delegates 
from the Kobe Chamber have still to be appointed. 

The submarine cable between Dairen and Che- 
foo, as well as the construction of the telegraph 
offices at both ports having been completed, 
the Official Gazelle Ins announced the opening 
of the cable for transmission of official as well as 
private messages. 

Mark Twain, as the saying goes, began young. 
When he was a boy at school in Hannibal, the 
schoolmaster once set the class lo writing a com- 
position on "The Result of Laziness." Young 
Clemens, at tbe end of an hour, handed in as his 
composition a blank slate. 

Mr. Iwahara Ken/o, of Tokyo, Mr. Oi Boku- 
Bokushin, of Osaka, and Mr, Takigawa Benzo, of 



Kobe, representing the Mitsui Company, manu- 
facturing pharmacists and match manufacturers, 
respectively are among the leading business men 
who will shortly visit America. 

ft 

Mr. Rutland Barrington recently received a 
communication Irom the Somerset House people 
to say they were not satisfied with the amount at 
had returned his income. He replied that he 
had much more reason to be dissatisfied with the 
smallness of his income than they. 



According to a German sociologist, the 
reasons for the rapid increase of population in 
Jap*n are (1) early marriage, (2) divoice and 
remarriage in the event of fruitless union, and 
(3) the small number of unmarried persons. 
These circumstances account for the very con- 
siderable annual increase of about 700,000. 



It is reported th.it on the occasion of the Ise 
Daijingu Installation, which is expected to take 
place next Autumn, there will be a special per- 
formance of ancient music. The Board of 
Ceremonies will send the Head of the Musical 
Section, accompanied by several minstrels, who 
have made a special study of ancient music and 
musical instruments. 

The death occurred, at his residence at Kobe, 
early on the 14th instant, of Mr. Alexander 
Milne, for many years one of the leading Bill and 
Bullion Brokers of the southern port. Death was 
due to acute cerebral congestion. The deceased 
gentleman came to Japan about third-seven years 
ago and for a number of years served with Messrs. 
Walsh, Hall & Co , of Yokohama. 

The Lucknow correspondent of the Standard says 
thatahuge rhinoceros has lately been shot in Assam 
with carried a horn ^4)4 in length, exceeding 
by over 4 in. the horn in the Ipswich Museum, 
which was previously the largest existing speci- 
men. In height the rhinoceros stood 6 feet 4 
inches at the shoulder, and is thus probably the 
biggest specimen of the Indian rhinoceros ever 
shot. 

Prokessor Deycke, the eminent authority on 
leprosy, who went out to British Guiana some 
months ago with the consent of the German Colo- 
nial Office to make some experiments with the 
cure he believed he had found for leprosy states 
that he has absolutely proved that the Natin remedy 
has specific action on leprous issue, and is con- 
vinced that if compulsory isolation is combined 
with the treatment the number of lepers will, in 
the course of time, be leduced. 

He would shoitly leave for Surinam, in Dutch 
Guiana. After investigating leper conditions 
there he will proceed to New York, and from 
thence to England, and afterwards to Hamburg. 
In the meantime, arrangements have been made 
for the continuation of his treatment at the leper 
asylum, British Guiana an institution that is said 
to b? one of the most suitable in the world for 
the purpose. 

Mr. Samuel King Hutton, sometime a resident 
in Labrador, writing to 'J'lte Times in connexion 
with the reported discovery last autumn cf a 
grave near Cape Mugford on the Labrador coast, 
with the name " Andre " on a cross at its head, 
throws doubt upon the suggestion made at the 
time that it might be the giave of the explorer 
Andre" e. He submits a forecast of what he thinks 
will probably be the solution of the mystery. 
The inhabitants of two large Eskimo settlements, 
he says, make the bays about Cape Mugford 
their head quarters for seal fishing. When the 
sea is partly frozen, communication with the settle- 
ments is very difficult, and may be impossible. 
Should a death occur among the fishers in such 
circumstances, they bury tie body in the neigh- 
bourhood It is therefore quite possible that 
the giave discovered is thai of an Eskimo. 
" Andreas " is a not uncommon name among 
the Eskimo, and it is quite conceivable that 
the friends of an Eskimo called Andreas would 
put a cross over his grave with the name, or their 
abbreviation of it. carved or written " Andre." 
At the Moravian Mission stations on the Labrador 
coast records are kept of all deaths among the 



Eskimos, and a reference to these, when in a few 
weeks the Labrador coast is again open, would 
show whether an Eskimo called Andreas had died 
and been buried at the sealing place. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



NATIONALIZED RAILWAY BONDS. 



( To the Editor of the " Japan Mail.") 
Sir, — So far as the shareholders are concerned 
the method of nationalising the railways seems to 
leave much to he desired. In the first place, afier 
fixing the price the Government chose to pay it with 
bonds worth only some 90 per cent, of the face value. 
Secondly, a delay of two or three years is made in 
handing over those bonds ; and thirdly, in the case 
of the Kyushu Railway, the bonds for which are 
about to be delivered, a number of pipers to sign 
and make out has just been sent to each shareholder. 
It is true theie is a Look containing instructions, 
apparently, as to how these papers are to be made 
out, but all is in Japanese. Is it expecting too much 
on the part of the foreign shareholders to desire that 
such papers be sent to them in English ? Or could 
you give for the benefit of these shareholders the 
basis on which calculations are to be made ? 



Yours truly, 



SPECTATOR. 



THE LATE DR. SAKAYVA. 

(To the Editor of the "Japan Mail.") 
Sir, — I have much pleasure in expressing my full 
agreement wirh your observations on the suicide of 
the late Dr. Sakawa. His was the hand that fired 
the fatal shot hut in that act he was as much the 
helpless agent of otheis as in the alleged crime into 
which he was led and diiven by them. They are 
his muiderers, he was their victim, and the only true 
man amongst them. On their hands is his blood, and 
whatever stain has been on his hands it has washed 
away. That is my opinion and that of other foreign- 
ers to whom I have spoken on 'he subject. It may be 
a little grain of comfort, therefore, to Dr. Sakawa's 
family to learn lhat foreign sympathy is with them 
for the loss of a good husband and father, who, but 
for the vile schemes of others that finally engulfed 
him might have lived for many years to become their 
guide and joy and an honour to his country. 
I am, Sir inclosing my card, You.s truly, 

S. 



POSTAL INFORMATION. 



JAPAN AND STRAITS SETTLEMENTS. 

On July 8, the Official Gazette promulgated the 
Emperor's sanction given to the agreement relating 
10 Parcels Post Exchange, » hich has been concluded 
between Japan and the Straits Settlements. 

The principal clauses of the agreement are as 
follow : — 

A paicel not exceeding 11 lbs. in we'ght can be 
sent by post fiom Japan lo the Sliai'.s Settlements and 

vice versa. 

A paicel can l>e made Y.deur Declaiee not exceed- 
ing 3.000 bancs. 

1 be postage for a paicel is in any case lo be paid 
in advance, provided that the re-de pa ched p.ucels 
aie excluded. 

The po-.tage for parcels are: — 

Fr. 1.50 for a parcel weighing less than 3 lbs. 

,. 2.50 ,. ,. 3 to 7 lbs. 

„ 3.50 „ „ 7 to 1 1 lbs. 

If the sender of a parcel pays in advances certain 
charge not exceeding 25 centimes, he can make ic 
Avis ile Reception. This charge may also l>e ap- 
propriated in case of apphing to tbe post office for 
tracing the p.ucel after it is forwarded. 

The undermentioned articles are forbidden : — 

Correspondence, living animals (excluding bees put 
in proper box), those articles prohibited by I lie 
Customs (an invoice in the simplest form can be put 
in), explosive or kindling substance, dangerous 
articles etc. 

Specie, aiticles made of gold or silver and other 
valuable articles ate foi bidden, unless they aie value 
marked. 

In case a parcel is lost, stolen or damaged, ex- 
cepting in cas-s cursed by the act of God, the 
sender or the addressee when the sender does 
not request or he is asked by the sender, can 
receive the irdeinnily corresponding to the 
amount lost, stolen or damaged, exceptin • in cases 
in winch any of these is caused by the fault or neg- 
ligence of the sender or by the nature of the article 
itself. In any case, the indemnity for the paicel 
not Valeur Declaiee does not exceed the value de- 
clared. In case of loss or damage caused by the 
fault of post office, the sender can tecover the charge 
'or making enquiries, if there is any, provided tint 



July 17, 1909.J 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. w»1Hi¥HAi* B*3MM»« 8 3 



the charge for Value Declaiee is not to be refunded 
in any case whatever. 

The payment of indemnity is to l>e made within a 
year at the latest after the same is requested. 

The application for indemnity is requested to be 
sent in within a year after the paicel is posted, 
otlieiwise the sender lias no right of receiving the 
indemnity. 

The po:>t office is not responsible for the parcel 
once delivered to the owner. 

The amount of Valeur Declare is to be real value 
or less of the contents of a parcel. 

In case the sender of a parcel intentionally makes 
the paicel Valeur Declaiee at an amount exceeding 
the real value of the contents, he has no tight to 
cliim for the indemnity. 

This Agreement will come into effect on and after 
the date to be fixed on consultation of the Post Office 
Departments of Japan and the Straits Settlements. 



TELEGRAMS. 



(kkutek's service.) 



GERMAN FINANCE. 

London, July 9. 
The German Government has reached an 
agreement with the Centre and Conserva- 
tive majority providing for the required 
twenty-five millions of new taxation. 
RUSSIA IN PERSIA. 
A Russian force under General Musnitzky 
has left Enzeli for Kazvin. 
CHAMPLAIN'S TERCENTENARY. 

Later. 

The Champlain Tercentenary Celebration 
was held at Plattsburg, N.Y., Mr.Taft being 
present. Mr. lkyce, the British Ambassador 
to the United States, made a speech, declar- 
ing that Britain, Fiance and the United 
States were linked in enduring friendship. 
[Samuel de Champlain, the French geographer and 
pioneer, founded Quebec on July 3, 1608, and 
became the first Governor of New France. — 

eu.jm:\ 

THE MURDERED PARSEE. 
The body of the murdered Dr. Lalcaca 
has been buried in the Parsee section of the 
Brookwood Cemetery. There was a large 
attendance. 

COLLIERY TROUBLES IN BRITAIN. 

London, July 9. 

Friction arising out of the application of 
the Eight Hours' Act has caused strikes at 
numerous collieries in the Midlands. Gangs 
of pit boys are marching about the district 
wantonly damaging property and terrorising 
residents. Serious conflicts with the police 
have taken place. 

The Scottish colliery owners have given 
notice of a reduction of wages by 12 per 
cent, from the 26th inst. affecting 80,000 men. 

Later. 

The Scottish Miner's Executive has re- 
commended a strike, to begin in the 26th 
inst., provided a general stoppage throughout 
the United Kingdom lias been arranged. 
The matter will be submitted to the British 
Federation on the 15th inst. 

OBITUARY. 
General Marquis de Gallifet. 
[The deceased General, whr>m death has overtaken 
at the age of 79, has had a lo 'g and distinguished 
career, extending from the Cnmean War to the 
Franco-Prussian, He was Fiench Minister of War 
in 1899. — Ed. /./I/.] 

Later. 

Lord Ripon. 
[The Fiist Marquis of Ripon was born in 1827, and 
besidtS acting as Lord l ieutenant of the North 
Riding (Yoik^), has filled with distinction 
various high offices of State, as Lord Piesident of 
the Council, Governor-General of India, and Firit 
Lord of the Admiralty.— Ed. /.Mi] 

THE U.S. TARIFF. 

July 9. 

The Senate has passed the Tariff Bill by 
45 votes to 34. 

Later. 



atives has decided to submit the Tariff Bill 
to a Conference of both Houses, after a 
heated debate in which the Senate was 
denounced as violating Republican pledges. 

The Senate has made 847 amendments 
to the Representatives Bill, mostly increases 
in the various rates. 

DUELLING NOT DEAD. 

The Fiench Minister of Finance, M. Cail- 
laux, and Deputy Bos engaged in a duel 
this afternoon. Shots were twice exchanged 
without effect. The cause is a political 
dispute, which culminated in Bos assaulting 
Caillaux in the lobby of the Chamber. 
POLTAVA. 

BICENTENARY CELEB RATION . 
The Tsar has arrived at Poltava to cele- 
brate the bicentenary of the battle. His 
Majesty was welcomed by a brilliant 
assemblage, and attended an open-air ser- 
vice, afterwards reviewing the troops. 
[The victory of Peter the Great on July 8, 17C9 over 
the " mad " King Chatles XII. of Sweden marks 
the lise of the Russian Empire. — Ed. J.M-\ 

FIRE AT CHERBOURG ARSENAL. 
Fire has broken out in the gun and 
torpedo stores of the Cherbourg Arsenal. 
The garrison are fighting the flames. The 
arsenal is saved, but the damage, so far as is 
known, amounts to seveial millions of francs. 
SPANIARDS AND MOORS. 

PUNITIVE EXPEDITION SEVERELY HANDLED. 

Four Spanish labourers in the El Rif 
country having been killed by the Moors, a 
Spanish punitive column had a severe fight 
with the tribesmen, losing 40 killed and 
wounded befote capturing the enemy's fort 
SENSATION IN FRANCE. 

A DYNAMITER IN THE TSAR's ENTOURAGE. 

London, July 1 1. 
A sensation has been created in France 
by the revelation, confirmed by M. Clemen- 
ceau, that State-Councillor Harting, a 
member of the Tsar's entourage for the 
forthcoming visit to Cheibourg, is identical 
with a Russian convicted in Paris in 1890 
for complicity in an alleged dynamite 
conspiracy against the Tsar Alexander. 
Halting has since been chief of the Russian 
secret police in Paris, but he will now be 
prohibited from entering Fiance, and will be 
removed from the Legion of Honour, 
LORD KITCHENER. 
Lord Kitchener has accepted the invita- 
tion to visit Australia. 

MORE EARTHQUAKES IN FRANCE. 

London, July 1 2. 
There were renewed earthquakes in south- 
ern France on Saturday. The damage done 
is slight, but a panicky feeling prevails in 
Marseilles and Toulon. 

PRINCE VON BUELOW'S FALL. 

REICHSTAG ADOPTS HOME SECRETARY'S 
FINANCE SCHEME. 

London, July 13. 
Berlin. — The Reichstag has finally adopt- 
ed the financial reform scheme of Herr von 
Bethmann-Hollweg, the Secretary of State 
for Home Affairs, who is now regarded as 
Prince von Buelow's successor as Chancellor. 
This step has justified the Government's 
surrender to the Conservative Centre on the 
ground of Imperial expediency. 

Prince von Buelow gave a farewell banquet 
to the Foreign Offi:e staff on Saturday last. 

THE NEW DUTIES. 

Berlin. — The new tea and coffee duties 
adopted by the Reichstag on June 26, will 



be enforced on August I. 



Later. 



AMERICAN PACIFIC FLEET'S 
CRUISE. 

London, July 13. 
Washington. — The Navy Department has 
tentatively arianged the cruise of the 1st 
and 2nd divisions of the Pacific Fleet in 
Asiatic waters. It will extend from August 
to March. 

ENGLISH COAL STRIKES. 
London. — The Coal strike in the Midlands- 
is extending. All the North Staffordshire 
mines, employing 30,000 men, are now idle. 
This involves a stoppage of ironworks in 
the Potteries. 

FRANCE'S ARTILLERY AMBITIONS. 

Paris. — The Senate is holding special 
sittings in order to secure the passage, before 
the vacation, of a bill for materially in- 
creasing the artillery, by 1912, to a strength 
of at least 2,536 guns. Germany has 3000. 

Later. 

The French Senate lias adopted a bill 
creating eleven new regiments of infantry 
and 42 regiments of field artillery. 

KITCHENER'S EASTERN TRIP. 

DISTINGUISHED COMMANDER'S SUBSEQUENT 
APPOINTMENT. 

London. — Lord Kitchener, who will shortly 
relinquish the Indian military command, will 
proceed to China and Japan before going to 
Australia. According to the Standard, 
Lord Kitchener will be appointed to the new 
post of Chief of the Imperial General Staff, 
and will supervise a common organization of 
the forces of the empire. 

CANADIAN IMMIGRATION. 
London. — The Times declares that con- 
currently with the appointment of a Chinese 
Consul-General at Ottawa important changes 
are announced in the Chinese immigration 
regulations. The white poll-tax on coolies 
is retained, but the restrictions inimicable to 
students and sons of Chinese merchants will 
probably be modified, exempting them from 
the tax in certain conditions. 

TAFT YIELDS TO THE SOUTH. 

NEGRO OFFICERS DISMISSED. 

Yielding to the objections of the South, 
President Taft has ordered the retirement or 
dismissal of 1 50 negro F'ederal office-holders, 
of Texas who were appointed under the 
Roosevelt regime. 

THE U.S. TARIFF. 

Later. 

Mr. Taft in the House and in the Senate 
has confirmed the fact that he has agreed to 
reduce the proposed tax on corporations by 
I per cent. 

THE REVOLUTION IN PERSIA. 

NATIONALISTS OCCUPY TEHERAN. 

London, July 1 3. 
The Nationalists have entered Teheran 
Vigorous fighting is in progress. 

July 14. 

Teheran. — The Nationalists entered Tehe- 
ran by three gates at five o'clock in the 
morning. The Shah's Cossacks occupied 
the central square. There was vigorous 
street fighting in the northern part of the 
city. Bands of nationalists are keeping 
order. The Shah is momentarily expected 
to take refuge in one of the foreign legations, 
British or Russian. Banks are untouched, 
and there is no danger to the lives or pro- 
perty of Europeans. 

COMPULSORY ARMY SERVICE RE- 
JECTED BY THE HOUSE 
OF LORDS. 
The House of Lords has rejected Earl 



Washington- -The House of Represent- then be announced 



The Kaiser will receive Buelow in farewell Roberts's bill, providing for compulsory 
audience to-morrow. His successor will | service in the Territorials, by 123 to 103. 

Viscount Milner and Lord Curzon supported 



8 4 wm**+s****ziummv THE J APAN weekly mail. 



[July 17, 1909. 



the bill. The Earl of Crewe and the Marquis 
of Lansdowne opposed it. 

[It would appear from the above that neillier the pre- 
sent Government nor the leaders of the Opposition 
are ready to identify themselves with anything 
savouring of conscription, even in its least obje- 
ctionable form. — Ed. J.RQ 

THE BRITISH BUDGET. 

PROTRACTED DEBATES RESULT IN 
CONCESSIONS. 

Clause 2 of the Finance Bill was adopted 
by 302 to 114, the debate being closured. 
After five days' protracted sittings, Mr. 
Lloyd-George announced concessions ex- 
empting agricultural land from the small- 
holdings increment tax. The Nationalists 
thereupon voted with the majority. Clause 
3 was passed by 148 to 57. 
THE LORD MAYOR ENTERTAINS 
PRINCE AND PRINCESS KUNI. 

London, July 15. 

The Lord Mayor has given a luncheon in 
honour of Prince and Princess Kuni. 
Ambassador and Madame Kato were among 
the distinguished company present. 

OBITUARY. 

Constantinople. — Suliman Pasha, the 
brother of t he Sultan. 

GERMAN CABINET REVISION. 

Berlin.— Vice- Chancellor Bethmann-Holl- 
weg has been appointed Buelow's successor, 
involving several ministerial changes. Heir 
von Sydow, Minister for Finance, becomes 
Minister for Commerce to the Prussian Gov- 
ernment, and he is replaced by Herr A. 
Wermouth, Under-Secretary of the Interior. 



(By 
THE 



Spi'.CIAI. A U K ANGItM ICNT Wl'l 

"Tokyo Asaiii Simmuun.' 



IN 



RUSSIAN ADVANCE 
PERSIA. 

London, July 7. 
St. Petersburg. — -The Novoe Vremya 
again advocates the despatch of a larger 
expedition to Persia assuring prompter 
settlement of the present difficulties and 
obviating the slightest grounds for pro- 
longed occupation. 

The Foreign Office is informed that the 
Cossacks forming the main body of the ex- 
pedition have ai rived at Resht. 

Later. 

There is excellent authority for stating 
that the British Government is satisfied that 
Russia is pursuing a straightforward policy 
in Persia. Both Governments consider that 
the ultimate removal of the Shah will pio- 
bably be necessary. 

Teheran says that the advance of the 
Russian troops has sobered the revolution- 
ists, the majority of whom realize that their 
projects have failed. 

In Constantinople the reform party sym- 
pathize with the Persians. The Liberals 
advocate some form of intervention, fearing 
that any Russian occupation would weaken 
the Turkish eastern frontier. 
[Resht is a short dis'ance inhmd from F.nzeli on 
the Caspian, while Kazvin, the immediate objec- 
tive of the Russian expedition, is about half way 
froiri that port to Teheran — En. J. .1/.] 

Till-: FRENCH NAVY. 

Paris. — The debate in the Chamber on 
the Navy was marked by a speech from a 
member of the commission of inquiry declar- 
ing the unsatisfactory condition of the navy 
to be due to want of unity of purpose. 

THE ANGLO-SIAMESE TREATY. 

London, July I o. 

Singapore. — The newly-signed Anglo- 
Siamese Treaty is freely acknowledged in 
the distiicts of the Straits Settlements as an 
agreement of great value, which promises 
an extremely rapid development ol these 
districts with successful introduction of 



capital. Cordial relations exist between the 
Governor of the Straits Settlements and the 
rulers of the transferred States. 

THE STOCK EXCHANGE. 
The demand for Japanese securities is 
getting scarce. 

CANADIAN IMMIGRATION LAWS. 

London, July 1 2. 

Ottawa. — Various changes are announced 
in the Canadian immigration regulations 
relative to the Chinese. The polltax on 
coolies is retained, but the restiictions ap- 
plicable to students, sons of merchants, are 
considerably lessened. 
JAPANESE STOCKS IN DEMAND. 

On the stock exchange Japanese securities 
are being steadily bought. 

THE POLTAVA CELEBRATION. 

London, July 10. 

St. Petersburg. — The celebration of the 
bicentenary of the battle of Poltava 'has 
begun, attended by the Tsar, the Grand 
Dukes, a large number of troops, and a 
multitude of peasantry. A requiem has 
been held over the graves of warriors. 
Torpedo destroyers, built by voluntary con- 
tributions, assembled in the Neva, have 
fired a salute in honour of the memory of 
the founder of the Russian navy. 

THE U.S. TARIFF BILL 

July IO. 

Washington. — After three months' labour, 
the Senate has passed the Tariff Bill. The 
result is not a scientific measure, although 
the majority declare that the Bill carries out 
every Republican pledge. 847 amendments 
have been made in it during its passage 
through the Senate. 

TROUBLE AT CEUTA MELILA. 

TRIBESMEN' AND SPANISH TROOPS 
IN CONFLICT. 

London, July 12. 
Madrid. — Fighting lias taken place be- 
tween Spanish troops and Moorish tribesmen 
near Melilla, resulting in a sharp engagement 
and the capture of the Moorish positions. 

The trouble is the outcome of the murder 
of several Spanish workmen in consequence 
of the failure of the Moorish authorities 
to secure the good behaviour of the tribes- 
men near the Spanish possession. The 
Spanish Government recently strengthened 
the garrison at Ceuta Melilla and a large 
force is now being mobilized there. 

London, July 13. 
Barcelona. — Eight thousand troops are 
preparing to go to Morocco: 1,900 have 
already sailed. 

VON BUELOW'S SUCCESSOR. 
Berlin. — It is now generally believed that 
Prince von Buelow's successor will be Herr 
Bethmann Holweg, Minister of the interior. 

PASSAGE OF LAST HILLS. 
Berlin. — The passing by the Reichstag of 
the remaining taxation bills coincides with 
Prince Von Buelow's farewell dinner to the 
Foreign Office Staff, at which function the 
Chancellor expressed the confidence that 
they would always take Prince Bismarck as 
an example as a foreign secretary. 

Tributes were paid to Piince Von 
Buelow's great successes in the country's 
foreign policy. A new chancellor will pro- 
bably be appointed shortly. 

DIRIGIBLE'S SUCCESS IN 
NEW YORK. 
New York. — A dirigible has been suc- 
cessfully sailed over the City in perfect 
ease. It started in New Jersey, crossed the 
river, and journeyed southwards over Man 



PERSIAN ROYALISTS ACTIVE. 

Teheran. — The Royalist troops are demon- 
strating against the revolutionaries 18 miles 
outside Teheran. 

ABDUL'S MONEY AS WAR FUNDS. 

Constantinople. — The director of the 
Deutsche Bank has gone to Salonika with 
securities worth ^500,000 sterling, the 
property of the ex-Sultan, which, it is 
announced, is to be handed over to the 
Minister for War. 

AMERICAN NAVAL MANOEUVRES. 

London, July 14. 
New Yoik. — The Atlantic Fleet has com- 
menced to manoeuvre off Cape Cod. It is 
composed of 54 ships, including 14 battle- 
ships. 

It is stated in Washington that the 1st 
and 2nd divisions of the Pacific Cruiser fleet 
will visit Manila and Japanese and Chinese 
poits in Autumn, in accordance with the 
Government's policy of extending American 
influence through the Far East. 

NATIONALISTS OCCUPY PERSIAN 
PARLIAMENT. 

FURTHER FIGHTING : BUT EUROPEANS ARE 
PROPERLY TREATED. 

Teheran. — Several hundred nationalists 
entered and occupied Parliament and the 
northern quarter of the citj', alter same fight- 
ing. The Europeans are being respectfully 
treated. The nationalists declare that their 
only desire is to ensure the re-establishment 
of the Constitution. They are, they declare, 
really loyal to the Shah. The people are 
fraternizing with the Nationalists ,£3,000 of 
them have enrolled. 

The Shah is at Sultanabad, and may 
take refuge in the Russian legation. 
TURKEY'S EYES ON PERSIA. 

Constantinople. — The Goyernment has 
received a Russian note pointing out that 
Turkish troops areadvancingtowards western 
Persia, contrary to the spirit of the Anglo- 
Russian Agreement. Russia requests 
Turkey to check the advance of the troops. 

("Deutsche jAwm-Posr" Sekvice to the 
" Ja:-an Herald.") 

GERMANY. 

Berlin, July 9. 

The trial of Prince Eulenburg has again 
been adjourned, the accused suffering horn 
heart trouble. 

Rumours have been spread as to a visit 
of the Tsar to Kiel on July 12th; these 
rumours are, however, unfounded. 

The Bulgarian Diplomatic Agency at 
Berlin has been changed to a Legation. 

THE RUSSIAN ADVANCE. 

Beilin, July 9. 
Five thousand Russian troops are under- 
taking forced maiches towards Teheran, 
where a panic has broken out. M. Iswolski, 
the Russian Minister fur Foreign Affairs, has 
granted a Russian passpoit to the Pretender 
to the Persian throne, who is now staying in 
Western Europe. 

DEATH OF GENERAL GALLIFET. 
General Maiquis de Gallifet is dead. 
(Born 1830 at Paris, taken prisoner 1870 at 
Sedan, later Commander of the IX. Army 
Corps and President of the Committee of 
the Cavahy.) 

KING EDWARD. 
King Edward, during his sojourn at 
Miuienbad, will pay a visit to Emperor 
Frauds Joseph. 

GERMANY. 
The Kaiser will go to Beilin next week 
for the nomination of the new Chancellor and 



hattan for a distance of four miles, then ! the conclusion of the session of the Reichstag, 
wheeled round and returned to the Starting , which will take place on Tuesday next. 



point despite an adverse wind. 



Piince Buclow will not 



sign the 



Finance 



July 17, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



85 



Reform Bill and will also not make a farewell 
speech before the Reichstag. 

Berlin, July 10. 

Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg, the Secre- 
tary of State for Home Affairs, declared hi 
the Reichstag that the Confederate States 
Governments have accepted unanimously the 
compromise as to Finance Reform providing 
for new taxes for the reason that the re- 
covery of the finances of the Empire is of 
greater importance than the shortcomings of 
the various kinds of taxes, which have been 
passed by the majority of the Reichstag and 
which must be endured for this reason. 

Prince Buelow has given a farewell dinner 
to the officials of the Foreign Office. 

Professor Keifer, recently appointed direc- 
tor of the German-Chinese College at 
Tsingtau, which will be opened in September 
next, has left Berlin for his post. 

The Kaiser will go to Berlin on Monday, 
the Reichstag will be closed on Tuesday, 
the nomination of the new Chancellor is 
expected on Wednesday. 

PERSIA. 

The occupation of Teheran by Russian 
troops is not regarded by the British Gov- 
ernment as a violation of the Russo-British 
Convention. 

MOROCCO. 
Spanish troops have had severe fights, 
with many casualties, against the Kabyles 
tribes of Morocco, near Mellilla. 

AUSTRIA. 
Count Badeni, formerly Prime Minister 
of Austria-Hungary, is dead. 

Lieutenant-General Sabron, the Dutch 
Minister for War, has resigned. 

The Japan exposition in the Austellungs- 
park at Munich has been opened. 

RUSSIA. 

^he Tsar was present at the commemo- 
va'tioa celebration of the battle at Poltava 
(July 8th, 1709.) 

RAISER'S VISIT TO DENMARK 
Berlin, July 12. 
n 'ours are current to the effect that the 

Kaiser' w P a >' * visit t0 Denmark ' but 
Quoded. 

* shooting competition of the 

■etibund " has been held at 

*at splendour. A tele- 

iSn b 7f f\ ^«nt to the Kaiser. 

g.am of homage has b assodation) . 

—(Schuetzenbund— rifle „ r /„ TTT3Tr 

TSAR DWELLS ON ™ J^' 

ti , . , Poltava Cele- 

The Tsar, speaknig at the < the ius 

bration, reminded his hearers o. * the hope 

of Peter the Great and expresses, \ e ha |; d 

of a better future of Russia after tt. ^ te j 

times which have prevailed. He to. 

the glory of the Army. 

SIBERIAN MAILS. 
Siberian mails, with dates up to June 27th 
ex Yokohama, arrived at Berlin on July 1 ith. 
AUSTRIA AND ITALY. 
The Chambers of Austria and Italy have 
concluded their Sessions and adjourned. 
GERMAN FINANCE. 

Berlin, July 13. 
The B'jndesrat has accepted the new 
Finance Reform Bill. 

THE TURKISH ARMY. 
The Turkish Chamber has passed a Bill, 
according to which non-Mohammedan 
Turkish subjects may be in fut ure enrolled 
as recruits of the Army. 



they are uin 

The national 
German " Scliuet 



Russian reinforcements have arrived at 
Kazvin. 

THE SCOTTISH COAL STRIKE. 
The danger of a general strike of the coal 
miners in Scotland is increasing. 

PERU, BOLIVIA AND ARGENTINA. 

In the conflict between Peru and Bolivia, 
the Argentine threatens to sever diplo- 
matic relations with the former in consequence 
of an attack on the Argentine Legation at 
Sucre. 

THE NEW GERMAN CABINET. 

Beilin, Jul)- 14. 

Prince Buelow, speaking before the Mini- 
stry of State, explained the reasons for his 
resignation. The Press universally em- 
phasises that Prince Buelow has put the 
House of the Empire in order, before tender- 
ing his resignation, and recognises in an 
honourable way the work he has done, 
regretting his resignation and saying that 
since Bismarck noChancellor and no Minister 
has done so much for Germany's as von 
Buelow. The resigning Chancellor was 
honoured by the Kaiser with the Brilliants 
of the High Order of the Black Eagle. — 
Herr Holle, Secretary of State for Ecclesia- 
stic Affairs and Education, has also resigned. 
— The nomination of the new Represent- 
ative of the Government has been published 
to-day. Chancellor : Herr von Bethmann- 
Hollweg, until now Secretary of State for 
Home Affairs. — Secretary of. State for 
Finance: Herr A. Wermuth, until now 
Under-Secretary of State in the Kome 
Office. — Minister of Education : Herr Trott 
7M Solz, until now President in Chief of the 
Province of Brandenburg. — Minister of 
Cammerce : Herr von Sydow, until now 
Secretary of State for Finance. — 'The Reich- 
stag, after passing the Bill providing for an 
increase of Salaries of State officials, has 
been adjourned. 

THE NEW MINISTERS. 
Herr Delbrueck, until now Prussian Min- 
ister for Commerce, has been nominated 
Secretary of State for Home Affairs as 
successor to Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg. 
Herr von Loebell, until! now Under-Secre- 
tary of State in the office of the Chancellor, 
has been appointed President of the province 
of Brandenburg as suceessor to Herr Trott 
zu Solz. 

THE RESIGNATION OF PRINCE 

BUELOW. 

The Kaiser has sent a personal letter to 

Prince Buelow, granting his resignation, with 

expressions of greatest regret, and thanking 

him for his devotion and self-sacrifice during 

his honourable and highly beneficial service 

to the Empire. 

Prince Buelow, expressing himself as to 

the reasons of resignation, said that it was 

Msed by the strange attitude of the Conser- 

'ves ; by which a new political situation 

w''** created, which had led the Con- 

1Jn .•„,% .after their separation from the 
sei'valw ,t - "... , „■ 

Liberal P > ,es ' ;i 0 a very e alhance 
• 1 ^1 r^itfe -awd the Poles. The Con- 
with the ce«-" e . , , ... ... 

,. \, ar t interrupted the bridges which 
servatives . iau 

were joining 



is, however, ceitain that the Kaiser and also 
Freiherr von Achrenthal, the Austrian Min- 
ister for Foreign Affairs, will be present. 

BOLIVIA. 
The Bolivian Government has refused to 
accept the arbitration of Argentine in the 
conlict with Peru, which is regarded univer- 
sally as a casus belli. The Ministers of 
Argentine and Peru have withdrawn from 
Bolivia. 

AUSTRIA. 
Baron Oscar Rothschild has committed 
suicide by shooting himself at Vienna. 

MOROCCO. 
The troops of the Rogi of Morocco have 
entered Fez and are said to have expelled 
Sultan Muley Hafid. 

TURKEY. 
General von der Goltz-Pasha, the recalled 
Instructor-General of the Turkish Army, has 
been received by the Sultan. 

CRETE. 

The Note of the Protective Powers ad- 
journing the solution of the Cretan question, 
has been received favourably at Athens and 
Crete, but unfavourably at Constantinople. 



them with the Liberals, in a 

'tttiear and had made, by this 
very abrupt ma * . » • • . J c 

J *i /- .. *• the decisive party of the 
action, the Centra . xr- r> r 

7, . . '. rp, resent Finance Reform 
Reichstag. Ihe p. . ,, • . 1 , , 
j., . & X * Mie picture he had 

did not correspond to r 

in view. 

ROYALTIES AT MAN TCEUVRES - 
Czechian reports, according King 
Edward and the Tsar will take' r a,t - »"« 



PERSIA. 

The Persian Nationalists hav e entered 1 Emperor Francis Joseph in the nia :'^ lV1< Vl 
:re severe fighting is' going on. at Meseriez, have not yet been venhv9; 



Teheran, wher< 



(From the " Asahi Shimbun.") 
THE SITUATION IN PERSIA. 

London, July 8. 

It is authentically stated that the British 
Government has approved the explana- 
tion given by Russia relating to the 
despatch of Russian troops to Kazvin, and 
that it is satisfied that Russia is executing 
a straightforward policy in Persia. Though 
the Nationalists wish to depose the present 
Sultan, neither Great Britain nor Russia 
desires to see a change of ruler at the pre- 
sent time, even though it is presumed that 
a dethronement may be necessitated at a 
future time. 

According to a Teheran despatch, the 
movements of the Russian troops have made 
the Nationalists assume a much more sober 
attitude. The majority of them seem to re- 
cognize that the new plan has ended in 
failure. 

TURKISH VIEWS CONCERNING 
PERSIA. 

Constantinople. — The Reform Party in 
Turkey sympathizes with the Nationalistic 
movement in Persia. Fearing that if Russia 
takes possession of any pait of Persia, it will 
weaken the Turkish frontier, the Turks are 
opposed to any intervention by Russia under 
any circumstances whatever. 

THE NASHIMOTOS AT MUKDEN. 

Mukden, July 12. 
Prince and Princess Nashimoto arrived 
here this morning. Their Highnesses are 
expected to set out for the south tomorrow. 

Seoul, July 12. 

The Asahi' s special correspondent at Seoul 
firmly believes that the Li Cabinet will be 
overthrown to-day or to morrow. 

On the night of July 10, a private con- 
sultation was held by Prince Ito, Viscount 
Sone and Mr. Bokusaijun at the Residency 
General. The conference lasted several 
hours. 

When Prince Ito had his recent audience 
with the Korean Emperor, his Majesty stated 
that the present cabinet had often intimated a 
desire to resign, and he questioned Prince Ito 
as to what course should be adopted. Prince 
Ito replied that the matter should he refered 
to the Resident-General. 



86 m***=inn**=zi**m9mv! The jApan Weekly MAiL. 



[July if, 1909- 




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l.ATkST CVMMFMUAL. 



IMPORTS. 

The maiket for raw cotton remains firm. As 
to Yams and Cotton Piece goods the market is quiet 
and home prices are a«ainst business here. There 
Is almost no business done in Woollens. 

HAW COTTON. fkr ncirt. 

American Middling — 30.50 to .,7.50 

Egyptian 47-25 to 5"-7o 

Indian Broach 31.03, to 31.50 

Chinese (Old crop) — 

Chinese (New crop) 29.00 to 30.00 

COTTON YARN PBR MLB, 

Nos. 2/60, Gassed 270.00 to 285.00 

Nos. 2/80, Gassed .,(00010365.00 

Nos. 2/100 Gassed 420.00 to 460.00 

COTTON PIECE GOOOS. 

White Shirtings— 50 yds. 36 111 5.00 to 8.50 

Grey Shirtings— pit), Tfi'i yds. 45 hl."J 

Common to Medium V Y.4.50 to 6.00 

Grey Shirting-,— 91b, Good to Best J 
Grey Shirtings— 46-48 yds. 44-45 in. 

Ordinary to Medium 4 60 to 6.00 

Grey Shiriings— 46 48 yds. 44-45 in- 
Good to Best 6 to to 7.50 

Grey Cambrics — 46-48 yds. 45 inches... 6.90(011.50 

Prints — 24 yards, 30 incite* 3.10 to 3 60 

Gorton Italians and .Salteens — 32 in. ... 0.25 to 0.35 
Cotton Italians and Satleens— 36-40 in . 0.30 to o 45 
Turkey Reds— 2 8 to 31b 24-25 yards, 30 

inch 1 .90 to 2.25 

Turkey Reds— 3.8 to 5!", 24 25 yards, 

32 inches 2.50 In 3 6<; 

Velvets — Black, 35 yards, 22 luetics ... H.00 to 15 00 
Victoria I.awns, 12 yards, 42 incites ... 095 to 1.50 

Hannelette 0.15 to 0.30 

Cashmere 0.85 to 0.90 



WOOI.I.KNS AND WOOLLEN MIXTURES. 

flannels V. 0.50 to .65 

Italian Cloth, 32 111 0.40 to 060 

Italian Cloth, 36-40 in 0.40 to 0.55 

Mousseline de I.aiue, — I20-I40 yards, 

30-32 inches Common to Medium. . 0.20 to o 28 
Mous>elines dc Lainc — 1 20-140 yards, 

30-32 inches Good to Best 0.28 to 032 

Cloths — Pilots, Presidents, and Union, 

54 to 56 inches 0.50101.50 

Cloths — Army CIjUi 0.75 to 2.25 

Cloths — All other 1.25 to 4.00 

Hlankets — Assorted, per lb 0.70 to 0.80 

Wool Australian — No. I per lb 0.60 to 0.71 

» h 2 .. 11 o 5 8 to °-°4 

ii 11 11 3 11 o 46 to 0.55 

Wool, Tientsin — No. 1 per lb 0.40 to 0.44 

11 11 ii 2 0-34 to 0.39 

11 •• ii 3 11 0.25 t0 °-3° 

METALS. 

Business only on a small scale has been done. 
Iron or Mild Steel. Bar, flat, round at PER PICUL. 

square Y.3 65 to 370 

Iron or Mild Steel, Plate 4.15 to 4.30 

do Sheet 5.00 to 5.80 

Galvanised Iron Sheets Corrugated.. 10.70 to if.co 

d , Plat it-75 to 1 2 -°° 

Wire Nails, Ordinary assortments ... 6.30 to 6.60 

Tin Plates, iolbs. I.C.W 700 to 7.20 

Pig Iron, No. 4 " Kedcar " 2x9 to 2.15 

K EkOSENE. 
The quotations fluctuate owing to competition. 

Chester Y.3. 73 to 3 oo 

Victory 3.51 to 3.67 

Nonpareil — to 4.40 

Borneo arid Sumatra 2 90 to 294 

Hokuyetsu 3.30 to 370 

Nippon 3 33 lp 3-73 

Ogma 3.5 1 to 3.70 

Todai — to 3.39 

SUdAK. 

Little business has been done. 

PER PICUL. 

Blown Manila Y. 1090 to 12.40 

Brown China — 

White Java 144010 17.40 

White Refined (German) 155010 1890 

„ (Hongkong) 14.80 to 19.80 

INDIGO. 

No change on the market. There have been 
some pretty fair transactions in artificial dyes. 

Calcutta fiist Y.240.00 

,, second 200 co 

Java, first 320.00 

,, second 280.00 

Madras, first — 

,, second — 

Artificial " horse and lion " brand 2 05 

Artificial " Kenshin " 2.co 

FLOUR. 

There is little business doing and reliable quota- 
tions are difficult to obtain. 

Yen. 

Gold Drop 4 sacks 13 00 

Flag 12 90 

Royal 12 60 

Trophy 12.60 

Red Seal 4 sacks 12 60 

Lion 13 70 

Portland 12.70 

Premier 1260 

Japanese : — 

Rising Sun 6 kwamme 2.70 

Takasago 6 , 268 

Fuji 6 , 2.70 

Pine 6 „ 2.70 

WHEAT. 

No transactions are reported and ([notations are 
nominal. 

Yen. 

White Walla Walla, too kin 6.60 — 6 70 
Red ,, „ 11 6.50 — 6.60 
Blue Stein 6 S; — 7.0J 



July 



Kakcdas — Gold Cup Chop Extra — 

Kakcdas — Veiled Woman * hop No. 1... 

Kakcdas — One HorscheadChop No. IJ£ — 

Kakedas — ino. 2 

Kakedas— No. 2,'j 

QUOTATIONS ON THE EXCHANGE. 

Present July August September 
delivery, delivery, delivery, delivery. 
yen. yen. yen. yen. 

otl ' 934 — 9'4 933 

10th 934 — 912 935 

"th 934 — 914 933 

1 2th 933 901 911 932 

I3lh 927 898 909 926 

I4'l> 922 895 901 923 

»5'1> 923 — — 923 

WASTE SILK. 

The maiket is rather inactive. There has been but 
little business done. 

On July 15th stocks were: Noshi, 3,883 bales, 
Kibiso, 1,409 bales; and Sundry, 401 bales. 

QUOTATIONS. 

Noshi — Filatures, Best t 0 

Noshi — Filatures, Good to 

Noshi — Oslihr, Good to 

Noshi — Oshiu, Medium to 

Noshi — Oshiu, inferior to 

Noshi — Shinsliiii, Best — to 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Good to 

Noshi — Bushiu, (or Josliu) Good 90(0 95 

Noshi — Bushiu, (or Joshu) Medium 85 to 90 

Noshi — Bushiu, (or Joshu) Inf-:ri..r 65 lo 80 

Kibiso — Filatures, Best to 

Kibiso — I' ilature.i, G iod 11/ to 122 

Kibiso — I'ilatures, Mediii'n 107 to II 2 

Kibiso — Filatures, Inferior 95 to 105 

Kereel — Kair| t 0 

Rereel — Best to — 

Rereel — Good to - 

Rtreel — Medium to 

II AliUTAE. 

The maiket is still weak and no impoitaut trans- 
actions have taker, place. 

" PINE-I.P.AvKS " HARK. (FUKUt.) 

6 me. 6j£ t/u. 7 me. 7 'A me. S me. 

Inches. Yen. Yen. Sen. Yen. Yen. 

22^" 8.55 845 8.45 S.55 8.50 

27" 5.50 8.25 8.15 8.15 8 25 

36" 8.55 8.35 8.10 8.05 805 

" GOLD " MAKK, 

4',i me. 4;V me. 5 me. 5/2 me. 

Inches Yen. Yen. Yen. Yen. 

*X%" 8.25 8.25 815 7.85 

27" 8-15 7 95 7 95 7 So 

36" 8.1 S 7.95 7.85 7 75 

KAWAM ATA. 



Inches. 

22)4. 
27 . 
36 . 



3 me. yA me. 

Yen. Yen. 

. 7.60 8.10 

. 8.00 8.70 

. — 10.60 



4 »ie. 4! 2 me. 

Yen. Ven. 

8.80 950 

9.S0 10.70 

11.50 1300 



EXPORTS. 
RAW SILK. 

The quotations aie nominal. A small business 
has been done. 

On July 15th stocks were : filatures 10,593 bales 
Re-reels. 321 bales; Kakeda, 43 bales. 

Filature— Extra No. I, Coarse — 

Filature— Extra No 2, Coarse — 

Filature— Yajima Class, Coarse — 

Filature— No. I, I3-I5den 950 

Filature— No. 1^.2, 9-1 iden 1,005 

Filaiure— No. 1 J^-2, lo-1 2den 960 

Filatute— No. l-i jj, I3-I5<lcn 910 

Filature— No. !J,-2, 11-13 den — 

Re reeK — E*tM — 

Re-reels— No. I — 

Rc-reels— No. 1 — 

Re reelt — No. 2 — 



— — «4 40 1590 

COPPER, 

Quotations are fluctuating on a small scale. 
According to a London telegram of July 14th, the 
quotation was ^58.15.0. 

Refined per 100 kin Yen 43 50 — 45.00 

Bessemer per 100 kin " 38.50—40.00 

Electric refined per 100 kin " 47 00—50.00 

Ore " 20.50—32.00 

TEA. 

The maiket is firm. From the first offering of 
new tea in Yokohama up lo July 15th, the sales 
amounted to 6,644,300 kin. The stock on Thursday 
aggregated 210,400 kin. 

QUOTATIONS. 

Choicest Y. — — 

Choice — — 

Finest — — 

Fine 36 — 38 

Good Medium j4 — 35 

Medium 32 — 33 

Good Common 30 — 31 

Common 28 — 29 

COTTON YARN. (Osaka.) 
The maiket is inactive and little business hat 
been done. 

Delivery. Yen. 

July 125.60 

August 126.00 

September 126.35 

RICE. 

Since last week, the market has continued to fall. 

bags, 

Domestic rice in F ukagawa 982,247 

Poieign rice in F"ukagawa '33-434 

Delivery. Closing Pri<_e. 

Ju'X 1 3 71 

August 1394 

September , 14 25 



July 17, 1909.J 



THE JAP All WEEKLY MAIL. tnmikm.ilRftB%Btmmtia%L*S «7 



KICK AT WHOLESALE : STANDARD PRICE. 

(Tokyo.) per koku. 



Superior Yen 

Medium 

Common 

Average 

(Osaka.) (Kobe.) 

July 1347 July 

August 1388 August 13.90 

September... 14.00 September... 1406 



14.60 
13.60 
12.60 
13.60 

13.51 



EXCHANGE. 

Yokohama July 16 
London silver ,\ higher, China advices not yet 
received and local rates mostly unaltered but higher 
discounts from London causing sterling rates to rule 
firmer for long usance private paper, quotations are 
as under for the mail via Siberia. 

London - Hank T.T /">£@t*« 

— — Hilli on demand *'">"« 

_ — 4 mouths' sight 

— Private 4 months' sight j i.J's 

— — 6 months' sight * I 

Paris 4 I yon* —Hank sight -SlYi 

— Private 4 months' sight 262 

I longkurig -Hank sight , per $100 8$%* 

— Private 10 days, sight do 83^* 
Shanghai— bank sight ... 87J6" 

— Private 10 days' sight 89* 

I idia — Hank sight t S3H 

— Private 30 days' sight l 55}i 

America— Bank sight 49^ 

— Private 30 days' sight 5o# @ }'% 

— Private 4 months' sight 51 @ \i 

(Germany — Bank sight , 209 

— Private 4 months' sight ai2' s 

Har Silver (London) ^y^ 

* Nominal. 



MAW SlkAMhllS. 

NK.VI MAM. IS I > I ' I- 
I' ion. Line. Steamer. 

Hongkong...'!'. K. K.... Nippon Maru I 
Hongkong...N.Y.K.... Tango Maru 

Seattle N.Y.K....Kaga Maru 2 

Hongkong. ..C. P. R....Monteagle 

Kurope N. I). 1.,,.1'rinz Ludwig 

hiuope M. M Ernest Simons 

Vancouver. ..C. P. K.,..Eni. of Japan 

Hongkong. ..P. M Sibeiia 

America P. M Asia 

Hongkong... 15. L Kumeiic 

Ameiica T. K. K...Tenyo Maru 

I'acoma II L Suvetic 

1 Left Hongkong on the 10th inst. 

2 Left Seattle on the 6.h inst. 



I >aie 



Tu 
Tu. 
Th. 
Sa 
Sa. 
Tu. 
\V 
W 
W 
VV 



July 20 
July 20 
July 22 
July 24 
July 24 
July 27 
July 28 
July 28 
July 28 
Aug. 1 1 
Sa. Aug. 14 
M. Aug. 16 



r" or 



NEXT MAIL LEAVES 
Line Steamer, 



Europe .... 


,N, 1). L. 


. K liest 


Sa 


July 17 




..B. L.... 


Oceano 


Sa 


July 17 


Shanghai . 


,.N Y. K. 


Yamaguchi M. 


Su 


July 18 


Hongkong. 


..T. K.K. 


.Chiyo Main 


Sii. 


July 18 


America,... 


,.r. K.K. 


.Nippon Maru 


\v 


July 21 


Seattle .... 


..N. Y. K . 


..Tango M ■■< 1 11 


\V 


Inly 21 






..Sanuki Maru 


w 


July 21 


Australia . 


,.N. V. K.. 


..Yawata M-iu 


Sa 


July 24 


V aurnuvei . 


..(.'. I' It.. 


..Mont eagle 


Sa 


July 24 


Hongkong. 


..N.Y.K.. 


..Kaga Main 


Sa 


July 24 




..M M .... 


..Caledonieu 


Sa 


July 24 




.B.& S... 


.Titan 


Su. 


July 2$ 




,.C. R 


..A'ihI Fourichon 


F. 


Aug 20 


Hony kong , 


..C. P. K.. 


..Em. of J.i pan 


W. 


July 28 




..P. M 




Th. 


July 29 


Hongkong. 


..P. M 


..Asia 


Th. 


July 29 


t 1 ong^ong. 


..15. L , 


. Suveric 


Tu 


Aug. 17 
Aug. 19 


Seattle .... 


N 


..Minnesota 


Th 



LATEST SHIPPING. 



ARRIVALS. 

Ceylon Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,142, Fred. Pyne, 

gth July, — Seat'le, Wash., Mails and General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Patroclus. Biitish steamer, 3,547, VV. Bailey, 9th 

July, — Kuchinotsu. — Butterfield & Swire. 
Kageshima Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,372, T. 

Arakawa, 9th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Sakata Maru, Japanese steamer, 1369, T. Noguchi. 

9th July,— Dairen via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Riojun Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,980, T. Tibbals, 



G. Moir, tcth 
ports, General. 



,75". A. D'xon, 
H .nolulu Mails 



9th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Kosai Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,423, S. Tomi- 
naga, 9th July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and 
General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Orestes, Biitish steamer. 2,992, R. D. Owen, 9th 
July, — Glasgow and Liverpool via ports. General. 
— Butterfield &Swiie. 

Kleisi, German steamer, 5,123, O. Pahnke, 9th July, 
— Hamburg and Bremen via ports. Mails & Gene- 
ral. — H. Ahrens & Co., Nachf. 

Korea, American steamer, 5,651, Samuel Sand-berg, 
10th Julv, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral.— P.M. S.S. Co. 

Prometheus, Biitish steamer 3,583. 
I lv, — Glasgow and Livetpool vii 
■ — Buttei field & Swire. 

Hiroshima Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,03;, S. Mura- 
zumi, 1 1 th July. — Otaru via po.ts, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Manchuria, Ameiican steamer, 
nth July, — San Francisco via 
and General. — P.M. S.S. Co. 

Empress of China, British steamer, 3,003, \V. Davi- 
son, 1 itli July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and 
General.— C. P. R. Co. 

Manshu Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,284, Chiba, 12th 

July,, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. — 

Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 
Snuki Maru, Japanese steimer, 3.789, K. Flomma, 

1 2th July, — Muroran. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha* 
Ben ten Maru, Japanese steamer, 2.668, M. Deguchi, 

I2lh Inly, — Otaru via poits, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Namsang, Biitish steamer, 2,591, P. M. B. Lake, 

13th July,— Calcutta via pons, General.— Jardine 

Matheson & Co. 

Colombo Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,920, E. Combes, 
13th July, — Otaru via ports, General.— Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Kouang Si, French steamer, 4,840. In bert, 13th 
July, — Antwerp and London via poits, General. — 
M.M. Co. 

Fusan Maru, Japanese steamer, 2.500, Twamatsu. 
14th July, — Takao, General. — Nippon Yi.sen Kai- 
sha. 

Tens hin Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,580, J. Salte, 
14th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Yamaguchi Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,059, J. 

Arakawa, 14th July, — Shanghai via poits, Mails 

and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Oriental, British steamer, 3,085, A. L. Valentin!, 14th 

July,— Shanghai via pons, Mails and General. — 

P. & O. S.N. Co. 
Sikh, British steamer, 3,216, VV. Atkinson, 15th 

July,— Liverpool via ports, General.— Dodwell & 

Co., Ltd. 

Taihoku Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,796, I. Sato, 
15th July,— Taku, General.— Osaka Shosen Kai- 
sha. 

Yawata Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,366, T. Sekine, 
15th July, — Melbourne and Sydney via ports, 
Mails and Geneial. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 



DEPARTURES. 

Minnesota, American steamer, 13,323, E. V. Roberts, 
9th July, — Manila and Hongkong via ports, Mails 
and General. — G.N. S.S. Co. 

Miike Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,060, F. H. Fegen, 
9th July, — Otaru via poits, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

he Maru, Japanese steamer, 775, Tsuda. 9th July, 
— Hakodate, General — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Matsuyama Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,959, Y. No- 
mura, 9th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

Armand Behic, Fiench steamer, 2,819, Lafont, 30th 
Julv, — Marseilles via ports, Mails and General. — 
M.M. Co. 

Matoppo, British steamer, 3.420, VV. H. Dormand, 
10th July, — Moji and Ceylon — Sale & Frazar. 

Numantia, German steamer, 2,806, Feldtmann, 10th 
July,— New Yoik via ports, General.— C. lilies 
&Co. 

H\ogo Maru, Japanese steamer, 882, S. Kushibiki, 

10th Julv, — Bonin Island, Mails and General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Korea, American steamer, 5,651, Samuel Sandberg, 

nth July, — San Francisco via Honolulu, Mails 

and General.— P.M. S.S. Co. 
Chikuzen Maru, Japanese steamer, 1.458, R. Wada, 

nth July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Kageshima Maru, Japanese steamer, 3.372, T- 

Arakawa, nth July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Ceylon Maru, Japanese steamer, 3.142, Fred. Pyne, 

1 2th July, — Hongkong, General, — Nippon Yusen 

Kaisha. 



Keelung Maru, Japinese steamer, 1,669, Yama- 
moto, 12th July, — Dairen, General. — Osaka Sho- 
sefn Kaisha. 

Riojun Maru, Japanese steamer, 2.980. T. Tibballs, 
1 2th June, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Manchuria, American steamer, 8,750, A. Dixon 
1 2th July. — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — P. M. S.S. Co. 

Patroclus, British steamer, 3.548, VV. Bailey, 13th 
July, — London, Amsterdam and Antwerp via ports, 
General. — Butterfield & Swire. 

Hiroshima Main, Japanese steamer, 2,035, S. Mura- 
zumi, 13th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nip- 
pon Yusen Kaisha. 

Empress of China, British steamer, 3,003, VV. Davi- 
son, 13th July, — Vancouver, B.C., Mails and 
General.— C. P. R. Co. 

Manshu Maui, Japanese steamer, 3,284, Chiba. 13th 
July, — Iquique via ports, Mails and General — 
Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 

Benten Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,668, M. Deguchi, 
14th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 

Sakata Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,369, T. Noguchi, 
14th Julv, — Newchwang via ports, Geneial. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Kamo Maru, Japanese steamer, 5,284, F. L. Sommer, 
14th July, — London and Antwerp via poits, Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Malta, Biitish steamer, 3,900, G. N. Montford, 14th 
July, — London and Antwerp via poits, Geneial. — 
P. & O. S.N. Co. 

Orestes, British steamer, 2,992, R. D. Owen, 14th 
July, — Manila, General. — Butterfield & Swire. 

A'amsang, British steamer, 2,591, P. M. B. Lake, 
14th July, — Calcutta via ports, General — Jardine, 
Matheson & Co. 

Kosai Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,423, S. Tominaga, 
15th July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Kouang Si, French steamer. 4.840, Imbert, 15th 
July, — Antwerp via ports, General. — M.M. Co. 

Monmouth, British cruiser, 9,800, Captain Geo. VV. 
Smith, 1 5th July,— Kobe. 

Prometheus, British steamer, 3,583, G. Moir, 15th 
Jtily, — Java, General. — Butterfield & Swire. 

Oriental, British steamer, 3,085, A. L. Valentini, 
15th July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral.— P. & O. S.N. Co. 

Kotick Russian steamer, 684, M. Bitte, 15th July, — 
Petropavlovsk, General. — Smith Baker & Co. 

Dunbar, British steamer, z,4to, Martin, 15th July, — 
Vladivostock, General. — Samuel Samuel & Co. 

Shiokubi Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,350, A. Yama- 
shita, 15th July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Colombo Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,920, E. Combes, 
15th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 
sha. 



PASSENGERS. 

ARRIVED. 

Per American steamer Korea from Hongkong via 
ports: — Mr. and Mrs. L. E. Marie, Master L. E. 
Marie Jr., Dr. and Mrs. B. Valdez and servant, Mr. 
D. Tuason, Mrs. F. Tuason, Miss C. Tuason, Mrs. 
C. L. Prieto, Miss C. Piieto, Master A. Legarda, Mr. 
and Mrs. C. Klinck, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. S. Hall, Mr. 
H. S. Hull. For Honolulu :— Mr. F. B. Sinclair. 
Mr. C. L. Collier, Mr. Lee Ah Hoy, Mis. Kang 
Ettani. For San Francisco : — Mrs. F. Allen, Mr. R. 
lirugers, Mr. and Mrs. B. H. Burrill, Master Erskin 
Buriill, Mrs. F. A. Biannagad, Miss C, Bartlett, Miss 
M. E. Bender, Mr. and Mis. VV. N. Blair and child, 
Master Louis Blair, Miss Kathirina Blair, Mis. F. 
S. Cairns, Master Cairns, Mr. VV. J. Conroy, Mr. 
and Mrs. F. B. Cook, Mr. E H. Cady, Mr. Chas. A. 
Dinneen, Dr. Paul Doenitz, Miss Virginia Garner, 
Mr. J. G. Haie, Mr. and Mis. M. V. Hester, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. F. Jones, Miss Grace Jones, Miss Lesle 
Jones, Mr. Lee Gap, Mrs. Lee Can, Miss Lee Noon, 
Master Lee Kan, Miss Katherine McGowan, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. F. Mullin, Mrs. G. H. Macke. Mr. G. 
Macke, Miss Kiva Macke, Hon. William Martin, 
Miss G. H. Martin. Rev. and Mrs. J. VV. Nicholas 
and daughter, Mr. W. Nation, Mr. F. Nicola, Miss 
Alice Payne, Mr. and Mis. Quock Chong, Mrs. J. J. 
Rafferty, Miss Rafferty. Mi. G. Roullet, Miss M. 
Ribelia, Capt. and Mrs. R. M. Shearer, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. S. Stanley, Mr. M. Strong, Capt. Victor 
Schwlerz, Miss Olivette Swallen, Miss R. Varney, 
Miss Lilly U. Woods, Hon. Amos P. Wilder, Rev. 
and Mrs. R. C. Wilson, Master Robert Wilson and 
Miss Louise Wilson in cabin. 

Per Biitish steamer Empress of China from Hong- 
kong via ports: — Rev. and Mrs. Griffin, Mr. W. W. 
Purdell, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Michael and 2 children, 
Mrs. W. Bullard and son, Mrs. Bullard's maid, Pay 
Master VV. G. O'Neill, Mr. E. E. Artois, Miss E. A. 
Lindholm. Miss A. Fitch, Mrs. E. Lloyd, Mr. C. E 
Willi?. Mr. R. L. Gaine and Mr. F. H. Bugbird 
For Vancouver, B.C. :— Miss F. M. Bealtie, Mrs. F. 
Paget Hett. Dr. and Mrs. D. Van due Bussel, Mrs 



88 W«-H-5if-H^ttB»Ha««^EBI THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 17, 1909. 



L. Fan Cainpt. Lieut. R. E. Cooke, Mr. C. E. 
Richardson, Mr. C. L. Hoover, Lieut. J. R. Youiij;- 
blood, Capt. G. G. Thotclier, Mr. E. Hayer, Mr. J. 
H. Moore, Mr. H. Sclilee, Mr. R. C. Turner, Madam 
Siffert, Mr. P. J. DoyK Ur. A. Backhansen, Mr. J. 
A. Gaither, Lieut. H. T. Winston, Mr. H. C. Sidde- 
ley, Mr. and Mrs. Holliday, Mr. S. W. Cartwri^ht 
and Mr. S. Houghton in cabin ; 38 in Asiatic second ; 
349 in Asiatic steerage. 

DKPARTF.D. 

Per French steamer, Armand Behic, for Mar- 
sailles via poits: — Mr. E. VV. Mills, Mr. A. S. 
Ginger, Mr. Hibbs, Mr. H. f. Rosencrantz, Mrs. 
M. E. My res, Mr. H. G. A. Leveson, Miss L. Philipps, 
Mr. Popp, Mad. Perth), Mr. J, T. Gale, Mr. Laurent, 
Trois sous officers and I matelot in cabin ; Seize 
Matelot in steerage. 

Per American steamer Korea, for San Francisco 
via Honolulu :— Mr. K. Abiko, Mrs. Y. Abiko and 
servant, Mrs. B. T. Allen, Mrs. F. A. Allen, Miss C. 
Battlett, Miss M. C. Bender, Rev. and Mrs. VV. N. 
Blair, infant, 2 children and servant, Miss K. Booth, 
Mrs. F. A. Brannagan, Mr. and Mrs. B. H. P.urrell 
and son, Mr. R. Burgers, Mr. C. H. Cady, Mrs. F. 
S. Cairns |and son, Mrs. E. W. Clement, Mr. 

E. J. Clement, Mr. C. L. Collier, Mr. VV. J. Cornev. 
Mr. and Mis. E B. Cook, Judge J. V. Coffey, 
Mr. J. Coffey, Mr. G. H. Crone, Miss Elsie 
Davis, Miss G. Davis, Mr. H. P. Dekker. Mr. Chas. 
A. Dinneen, Dr. P. Doenitz, Mr. and Mrs. Sewall 
Dolliver, Miss V. Garner, Mr. J. G. Hare, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. Harris, Miss Hanis, Lieut. Otto Heller, Mrs. 
Otto Heller, Mr. and Mrs. M. V. Hester, Mr. and Mrs. 

F. J. Hewlet, Miss M. Hitotsuyansgi, Mr. S. Horo- 
witz, Miss Mary H. Jennings, Major A J. Jones, 
Mrs. A. J. Jones, Miss L. Jones, Miss G. Jones, Miss 
L. B. Lea, Miss Lucy H. Lea, Mrs. Lee Kan. 
Master Lee Kan, Miss Lee Moon, Mr. Lee Ah 
Hoy. Mr. Lee Gap, Hon. Win. Martin, Miss 
C. H. Martin, Mr. Gordon B. Macke, Mrs. E. 
Macke, Miss R. Macke, Miss K. McGowan, Mr. 
J. F. Mullin. Mrs. J. F. Mullin, Mr. W. Nation, 
Rev. J. W. Nichols, Mrs. J. VV. Nichols and child, 
Mr. F. Nicolai, Mr. T. Oguii, Miss Alice Payne, 
Comdr. J. R. Paiker, U.S.N., Mrs. J. R. Parker, 
Miss M. I'. Paiker, Mr. Ouock Chong, Mrs. Ouock 
Chong, Mr. J. J. Rafferty, Miss K. Raymond,~Mis. 
Grace Raymond, Miss G. M. Ribelin, Mr. G. Roul- 
let, Capt. V. Schwieiz, Mis. Geo. Sealy, Miss Sealy, 
Capt. R. M. Shearer, Mis. R. M. Shearer, Mr. F. B. 
Sinclair, Mr. Chas. VV. Slack. Mis. Chas. VV. Slack, 
Miss Ruth Skick, Miss Edith Slack, Mr. J. S. Stanley, 
Mrs. J. S. Stanley, Mrs. M. Strong, Miss O. Swallen, 
Mr. J. C. M. Van Binsbergeri, Miss 1,. R. Varnev, 
Mr. M. Wada. Hon. A. P. Wilder, Rev. R. C. 
Wilson, Mrs. R. C. Wilson and 2 children, Mr. F. O. 
Wolf, Miss Lily V. Wood and Mr. K. Yamaguchi in 
cabin. 

Per American steamer Manchuria, for Hongkong 
via ports. — Miss J. Denton, Miss M. V. McGrew, 
Mr. F. M. Beaty, Dr. F. IS. Boulanger, Lt. C. H. 
Bowers, Mr. S. Bryant, Mr. U. H. Coleman, Mrs. H. 
C. Curl. Mr. F. Claik, Mrs. M. E. C. Dunsten. Miss 
S. I) Fllison, Miss A. S. Fuast, Mr. A. T. Flint, Mr. 
L. Francisco, Mr. R. Garcia, Mr. C. E. Gordon, Mr. 
J. H. Graves, Miss A. Harve, Dr. W. K. Howard, 
Miss H. Ingraham, Mr. H. W. Lidda, Mrs. C. H. 
Mooker and infant, Mr. C. Lopez. Mrs. J. H. Nick- 
man, Mrs A. L. Cummings, Mr. L. V. Hitchcock, 
Mrs. T. VV. Smith, Miss M. M. Cooke, Mr. M. N. 
Mehta, amah and native servant, Capt. J. H. Wood- 
ward, Major Day, Mis. Day, Mr. A. V. Fensch, 
Capt. H. T. Cleaver. Mr. O E. McKay, Mr. R. R. 
Mitchell. Mr. B. Oblellns. Mr. G. Pagaduan, Mr. C. 
Pendon, Mr. C. 1). Ritter. Mr. E. E. Seveiy, Mr. T. 
Topacio, Mr. I). Urmia, Mr. R. F. Walters, Mr. and 
Mrs. C. D. WSllson, Mr. and Mis. E. F. Yates, Miss I 
U, D. Youngs, Mr. W. Brune, Mr. and Mrs. G P. 
Gostin, MUs M Gostin, Mr. J. Valdez, Mr. ). 
Villarta. Mr. P. H. McNellis, Miss F. Smith, Mr. M. 
J. Strong. Mrs. M. J. Strong, Miss A. Cockioft, Miss 
E. Vroom, Mrs. Phister, Mr. A E. McGlew, Major 
Allen M. Smith, Mrs. Allen M. Smith, Mr. H. K. 
Smith, Mr. A. J. Easton, Mr. E. Thoipe and Mrs. 
H. T. Cleaver, in cabin. 

Per British steamer E»i/»;ss of China for Van- 
couver, B.C. : — Dr. A. Backhansen, Capt. P. T. C. 
Baird, Miss T. M. Beattie, Miss H. M. Bovd. Mr. 
S. VV. Carlwright, Mr. VV. A. Cates, Lieut. B. K. 
Coke. RE. Mrs. Dallas, Mis, Dallas, Madam Louis 
Dewette, Miss H. V, Dewolfe, Mr. J. A. Gaither, 
Mr. CI L. Gibson, Miss D. Greer. Mr. [no W. Han- 
cock, U.S.N , Mr. S. Haughton, Mr. E. Hayes, Mrs. 
Paget Heit, Mr. L. 15. Holliday. Mrs Holliday, Mr. 
L Hoover, Miss McKnight, Mr. J. H. Moore, Mi. 
R. Muller. Major E. 1$. North, Mr. H. A. Pat (man. 
Mr. A. A. Porter, Mis. Porter, Mr. C. E. Richardson, 
Mr. H. Schles, Mr. B. W. Sl.umaker, U.S.N. . Mr. 
H. C. Siddeley, Madam I). SilTeit, Mr. T. S. Southey, 
Mr. F. L. Taverner, Capi. G. G. Than her, R.A., 
Miss T. Tiiinper, Mr. R. C. Turner, Mrs. Van Coiript, 
Dr. Van den Bussche, Mrs. V m den Bussche, Lieut. 
11. T. Winston, U.S.N, and Lieut. J. R. Younjd.lood. 
U.S.A. in cabin. 





By Royal Warrant 
to H.M. the King. 



gives a delightf 



vhe 1 appetizing flavour 

Original 

and 
Genuine 
WORCESTERSHIRE, 



Meat Dishes, 




Fish, Soup, Game, 
Cheese and Salad. 




CARGO. 

Per l!ritish steamer Eniptess of China for Van- 
couver : — 

Tea. 

t hicaso New York Pacific Oiher 
From Canada. & West. & Kast. Coast. Citic^ Total. 



I longkong 


... I,9oI 


— 32 


701 


— 2.6.H 




203 


625 100 


1 10 


— 1 ,"38 


Shanghai 


... S27 4,415 8,005 




— 13.247 


Yokohama 


• • 737 


274 278 


26 


— 1.3' 5 




.,. 3,668 5,114 8.415 


837 


-18,2.14 






SI IK. 




San 






Easton. South 


Mou- 


Krau- Total. 


Y 1 nin . 


Nrw Yoik. 


M Ylirster. 


nt al. 


Cisco. Hal*-- . 


1 t'kong \ Canton 2 •< 






— 265 




7* 






— 74 


Vokohaina 


702 


»5 >5 


15 


- 747 


Total 




•5 '5 


»5 


— i,oS6 



SILK SHIPPERS. 
Raw & Waste Silk shipped per r .leamer 



Armand lie hie :- 



SO 

Sul/er Rudolph & Co. 70 
Sibt-r, Wolff & Co.. 32 
Jardine, Matheson 

& Co 10 

Sieher & Co 10 

Ci Eymard & Co. 5 
Jewett ami Bent ... 10 
( )tlo Slrruli &Co .. — 

Pita & Co — 

L. Mcttet — 



Raw. 



\Y A ' I It 



U. £ H — 
IO 



24 lo St Chainond — — 
50 — — — — — — 



Total. 



137 89 20 — 27 — — 



Silk shippers by hi off a, for San Francisco on 
the I2lh July. Hales. 

Nabholz & Co 75 

Vivanti Bros 62 

Siber, Wolff & Co 60 

China & Japan Trading Co.. Lid 52 

Jt.ivier & Co 40 

P, Si 1 abler ft Co 30 - 

Stdzer Kudolph \- Co "20 

Mitsui I loss. m Kaisba 381 

Total 721 



BOVRIL 

gives you 
Strength. 



(* t: ra U — M » tr) 
8JW V^SHrA, * ? ri »o 1- 

« fr <*i tl fS m Hi Y Of I t ft » 
o > -y h f>-V|||| 





*±m* A REVIEW OE JAPANESE COMMERCE, POLITICS. LITERATURE, AND ART. 



No. 4.; 


RBGISTRRRD AT TUB O.P.O. 
AS A NEWSPAPER. 


YOKOHAMA, JULY 24T.1, ,909. SISV*«5 


Vol. III. 





Summary ot News 

Korea .„ 

Count Arco-Valley 

The ('hina a' tl Japan 1 levrtopment Company 

The Greek Chiurh 

China and Japan — 

Chartered Accountants ■■• 

Hawaii 

Port Arthur 

Foreign Trade 

1 he Koreign Offic e and the Strike 

Diplomatic Changes 

America and Japan 

Forced Marches 

Tlie Yalu Timber Felling Company 

Sugar 

Socialism in Japan 

China .. ' 

The Railway Loan Question 

The Tokyo Exhibition 

The Postal Question 

Mr Arai lkunosuke 

Death of Mr. R. Hay 

The Tokyo Railway 

Tile Modest Onion 

The New Tariff 

A Wonderful Embroidery 

Prince Ito .'. . 

The Weather ... 

Mr Usui Gihei ... ' 

The " Magnet " 

The Angl -Japanese Hydro Electric Power Company 

The Korean-Japanese Gas Company 

Habutaye .. .... 

The Tokyo S'ock Exchange 

Notes on Ltnr nt Events 

The Bookshelf .. 

Batileships as Naval Bases 

Not an Illicit Trafficker 

Leading Articles : — 

Imperial Press Conference and the Question of Imperial De- 
fence ... /•„.> 

The Fate of the Two-Power Siandartl 

The American Tariff Situation 

Japan and Russia 

Motors and Roads 

Our St Heter-burg Letter ... 

Yokohama Yacht Race 

Kobe Notes 

Baseball ... , 

Y M C.A. Summer C nference 

Yokohama 

Railway Accidents 

Fatal Forced Matching 

Austria's Naval Ambitions 

A New Bowling Machine 

Y. C. & A. C 

Jubilee Fund 

The Pacific Mail Boycott 

The Firing on the " Woodburn " 

Japan's Heraldic Devices 

Rents In the Shanghai French Concession 

Exportation of Korean Uicc 

Tmc Vanished Leon Ling 

America's Philippine Fortune 

Inter Imperial Cable Communication 

The Chinese Loans 

Chinese Bar t « Will l each His People 

Official Embezzlements in Korea 

F reign Universities in China 

Telegrams 

Journalism in South America 

The New American Minister to China 

News of the v\ eek ... 

Remarkable Hotel Festival .. 

Queen Victoria's Head ■ n f ederal Stamps 

Discoveries in Chinese Turkestan 

The Traffic in Women in China 

Cold Plentiful in Alaska 

New Vegetables and Plant* Discovered in China 

How We are Hoaxed bv the Airship 

C-.rrrspomle.icc : — 

An Early Japanese Quotation Irwin the Bible 

Hsin-nintun and Mukden ... 

The" Vossische Zeitung " and Franco-English Relations .. 

Latest Commercial 

Latest Shipping 



98 



101 
lot 
101 

103 
103 

105 

ios 

105 
'05 

106 
to6 
106 
k6 
:o6 
:o6 
106 
107 
ie 7 
107 
107 
107 
jc8 
108 
1.8 
10S 
lo'8 
lot 
ic8 

ICO 

1 1 i 
"3 
"3 

■ 1 1 
114 

■ '5 
"15 
' 13 
1 16 
116 



SUMMARY OF NEWS. 



A Hamamatsu despatch reports that the 
perature at noon on July 16 was 95 0 F. 



tem- 



On July 19, a marine, belonging to the warship 
Saisinna, was drowned, when swimming ofl 
Shirahama. 

The coast defence-ship Kongo has been removed 
from the register of Japanese warships. She was 
built in England in 1878. 

At 10 a.m. on July 20, the opening ceremony of 

•lengen 



'AIS CIC (JUK IIOIS : AllVIUNNIi QUE I'UIIUKA! 



NOTICE TO COKKKSI'ONDKN'i S. 
No notice will lie taken ol anonymous correspondence, 
Wltal is inletuled for insertion in llie "Jaian Wfilki.y 
Mail " must lie authenticated by 1 lie name and address 
of the writer, noi for publication, lint as a guarantee ol 
good faith. 

It is particularly requested that all letters on business 
be addressed to the M ANAtiKR , and Cheques be made 
payable to same; and that literary contributions be 
addressed to the lilHTOK 



Vo;;oiiama : SATURDAY, JlJLV 24TH, I909. 



BIRTH. 

Ward.— On July 18th, at 87-c, Bluff, to Mr. 
and Mrs. F. W. R. Ward, a Son. 

DEATH. 

At the residence of Captain Weston, at Hira- 
tsulca, on July 17, Robert Hay, late of the Japan 
Afatl, aged 52. Interment private. 



Mount Fuji was held at the principal 
Jinja on the summit of the Mount. 

On the 19th instant, a woman aged 51 was 
knocked down by an electric car near Koyasu 
Station. Death from concussion of the brain was 
instantaneous. 

Mr. Furuya, Private Secretary to the Residency- 
General, has been appointed Private Secretary 
to the President of the Priv'y Council and Master 
of Ceremonies. 

A veterinary surgeon in Tokyo, named Sugai 
Nenosuke, who carelessly examined a mad dog 
during August last, has been fined 100 yen by the 
Tokyo Local Court. 

Madame Suoano Sug\, the editor of the Jixu 
Shiso, has been arrested. It is supposed that she 
has distributed among the socialists the publica- 
tion which has been suspended. 

The average heat on the first day of doyo, in 
Japan was less than that on the preceding day and 
the weather was generally cloudy. The prospects 
of a good rice harvest are bright. 

On July 16, a goods train from Tokyo to Sendai | 
was derailed near Ota station, owing to a spread- 
ing of the rails resulting from the high tempera- 
ture. A conductor was slightly injured. 

The Chinese Government has notified every 
Consulate in Sashi that, according to the Anglo- 
Chinese Treaty, the export of cereals will be 
prohibited on and alter the 23rd instant. 

On July 15, the editor of the Jiyu Shiso, a socia- 
listic organ, was prosecuted by the Metropolitan 
Police Board. Several socialists who live at 
Shibnya and Takinogawa underwent domiciliary 
search 

A Matsumoto despatch reports that the railway 
line between Saijo and Omi, which has been 
under repair, will be restored by the 25th instant. 
The expense incurred is estimated at yen 700,000 
to Soo,ooo. 

A Nagasaki telegram reports that the Russian 
Volunteer Fleet has suffered severe losses in plying 
between Shanghai and Vfadivoslock via Nagasaki, 
and it is probable that the service will be stopped 
for the present. 

On the 16th instant, a student of the Tokyo Im- 
perial University, who was passing Atsuta, near 
Nagoya, by train, suddenly becam? unconscious 
and fell out of the car. Whether he was unsound 
in mind is as yet unknown. 

A Sendai telegram states that one of the teachers 
in the agricjiUura',. school at Kurihara has 
strangled himself. It is alleged that the school 
has been in disorder since April last, and that 
this has affected the unfortunate man's mind. 

The net receipts of the Mitsu Bishi Banking 
Department during the last half year term were 
358,625 yen 'm addition to 4,415,224 yen brought 
from the previous accounts, making a total of 
4,483 849 yen. On Tuesday ihe partnership held 
a general meeting, when the decision was passed 



to transfer to the fund of the partnership 50,000 
yen out of the above sum as profit and to carry 
the remaining 4,433,849 yen to next account. 

An Osaka telephone message reports that on July 
13, the police visited the houses of a man named 
Hirayatna Yonekichi and several others in order 
to inspect the account-books. It is alleged that 
the men have been speculating on the rice ex- 
change. 

On the 14th instant, 56 pupils in the dormitory 
of the Kyoto Dai Ni Girls' High school were 
taken ill with sickness and stomach pains, after 
eating fish which was presumably poisonous. For- 
tunately, all the sufferers are on the road to 
recovery. 

Although the temperature at Yokohama on the 
201I1 instant, the first day of Doyo, seemed much 
less oppressive than that of the prfcediDg day, it 
is reported by the Meteorological Bureau to have 
been above the 12-year average for the opening 
day of the hot season. 

It is reported that notwithstanding that the life 
insurance policy for 1,000 yen held by the late 
Dr. Sakawa in the Yurin Life Assurance Com- 
pany was invalidated by his self-destruction, the 
Directors of the 'company have presented to his 
family the full amount of the policy. 

Two Japanese, claiming to be agents of the 
Japanese Government, are reported to have been 
seeking to obtain an option upon a section of 
land from the Mount Diablo Oil Company, 
Bakersfield, California. The Mount Diablo Com- 
pany named $1, coo, 000 as the price. 

Father Clement, who went to Hawaii from Fiance 
with Father Damien in 1S63, has died in the 
leper settlement there. The priests devoted their 
lives to woik among the lepers in the Molokal 
colony. Father Damion died from the disease 
in the leper settlement some years ago. 

Commander Kondo of the Eighth Regiment, is 
reported to have presented to the War Aut' ori- 
lies an inquiry as to the advisability of his resign- 
ing. His query is the result of the death of the 
two men on the recent military forced marches, 
and the illness of others, he being in charge of 
the men. 



On July 18, a boat plying between Otsu and 
Kyoto on the drainage canal was upset near the 
month of No. 2 Tunnel. The accident was 
caused by 10 coolies who came on board despite 
their being declined by the sendo. ^evenlt.-ell 
passengers were on board, five of whom were 
drowned. 

On July 16, Mr. Kunitomo Shigeaki died from 
acute pneumonia. He was one of the opponents 
of Treaty revision when Count Okuma was 
Minister for Foreign Affairs, and was once im- 
prisoned in connection with the affairs of the 
Korean Empress. Since then lie has continued 
to make every effort on behalf of Korea. 

It is reported that Prince Higashi Kttni, who has 
joined in the hard march of the Third Regiment 
of the Imperial Guard Division, and has been 
engaged in military drills at Fuji-no-susono, has 
be'iaved just the same as the o her offices. His 
Highness semis unmindful of the heat, and is 
expected to ascend Mount Fuji, on July 20-21. 

A Hamamatsu telegram says that when 2,800 
infantry of the Sixty-seventh Regiment were 
engaged in military manoeuvres at Mikatagahara, 
a large number of men were attacked by sun- 
stroke. One man fainted and became uncon- 
scious and 34 others were til a serious condition. 
Disapproval ha:, been loudly expressed on account 
of the non attendance of the surgeons. 



9° nmxt^ri* THE japan weekly mail 



[July 24, 1909. 



KOREA. 

Friday, July 16. 

The new convention is expected to be 
published in a few days. It is expected that 
there will be some change in the organiza- 
tion of the Judiciary, and that the present 
system of three courts will be changed 
to two, as is the case in Formosa. 
The Tokyo newspapers have a great deal 
to say about the effect that the transfer 
of judicial authority to Japan will have 
upon Consular jurisdiction, but we imagine 
that that particular outcome of the new 
situation will not be in the immediate future. 
Japan will doubtless wait until the new 
tribunals are in full working order, and until 
they are applying laws which can be recog- 
nised as satisfactory. We do not know that 
there is any precedent for what is now taking 
place in Korea in this particular line, and 
in the absence of such intelligence special care 
and deliberation will be necessary. 

The funds to be devoted to road making 
under the programme of the new Resident- 
General are said to be 194,000 yen for the 
current year ; 688,000 yen next year, and 
294,000 yen the year after. The roads in 
question are mentioned, but the telegrams 
are unintelligible. 

Saturday, July 17. 

It is not at all surprising that changes 
apparently so radical as those just made in 
Korea should cause some excitement, nor is 
it at all surprising that rumour should play 
its usual game of exaggeration. The Dai 
I fan Mai II Shinipo, as our readers are 
aware, started this game by alleging that 
Korea was to be deprived of her sovereignty, 
and though that particular canard was soon 
disposed of, it appears to have been 
succeeded by a rumour that educational 
facilities were to be altogether suspended. 
Thus it can not be said that people's minds 
have yet been calmed. 

It is alleged that the new Convention will 
not be published until after Prince Jto's return 
to Japan. It has to be submitted to the Privy 
Council in Tokyo and to be approved by 
* lie Emperor previously to publication. 

It appears that there is in Seoul a Citizens 
Association under the presidency of Mr. Yu 
Kilsuu, formerly Minister of Home Affairs. 
Tins Association has addressed to Prince Ito 
a document strongly eulogising the services 
rendered by him in the cause ot Korean 
progress. 

In the Mainichi Dempo an interesting 
statement is made but the source from which 
it emanates is not given. We read that 
Piince Ito has been insistently expressing his 
desire to resign the office of Grand Tutor to 
the Piince Impel ial of Korea, and that the 
Emperor of Korea has been strongly urging j 
him to retain that office. The Prince's idea j 
is that a special bureau should be organised 
in the Korean Household Department foi l 
managing matters connected with his Im- 
perial Highness' education, and that the' 
Japanese personnel of the Bureau should be' 
Piince Iwakura, Viscount Suyematsu, and 
Mr. Kuribara. As for the Korean personnel,! 
(Mir contemporary says nothing, but it adds 
that the despatcli of a high official to Japan 
is part of the programme, anil that Piince 
Ito, if this organisation were effected, would 
be willing to discharge the duties of super- 
intendent. 

Sunday, July 18. 
Somewhat disquieting inmouis come from 
Seoul this morning. They say that a 
speaker at the last meeting of the Young 
Men's Christian Association declared that 
Japan is steadily pushing her programme of 



swallowing up Korea, and the report adds 
that in consequence of this utterance an 
uneasy feeling has been created. Several 
Japanese residents are moving to I-hyon 
street, where better protection is available, 
and the barristers, who are specially interest- 
ed in the judicial reforms, are fostering the 
general unrest. This state of affairs has 
engendered the usual criticisms about 
excessive secrecy on the part of the Resid- 
ency-General. It is urged that if a policy 
of greater openness had been followed, no 
such doubts would have been possible. 

It is stated that the total number of the 
Guards battalion, which represents the entire 
remnant of the Korean Army, is 781 ; com- 
posed of 644 infantry soldiers, 91 troopers 
and 46 officers. The Minister of War, 
whose Depaitment is to be abolished, will 
be appointed Chief of the new Guards Bureau 
in the Imperial Household. 

Prince Ito arrived at Shimonoseki at 5 
p m. on the 17th inst. and was of course 
besieged by interviewers. He abstained 
from himself meeting any journalists, but 
speaking through the mouth of his secretary, 
Mr. Puruya, he said that as he had not yet 
made his report to the Emperor, it was 
impossible to speak in any detail, but 
everything relating to the new Convention 
had passed off quietly, and the steps of the 
reform now taken represented the purpose 
entertained by himself for several years 
back. With regard to the question of 
educational reform he' declined to make any 
comment. 

Before leaving Seoul Prince Ito was enter- 
tained by the foreign Consuls at a banquet. 
The Belgian Consul- General, as doyen of the 
Corps, proposed the Prince's health in a 
speech which was translated by Mr. Furuya. 
He is reported to have expressed, on behalf 
of his colleagues as well as himself, profound 
gratitude for the uniformly courteous and 
kind treatment they had experienced at the 
Prince's hands dining his tenure of office. 
They greatly regretted that he should have 
decided to lay down his important trust 
while so much still remained to be done, but 
they recognised that Japan had sent an able 
successor in the person of Viscount Sone. No 
one could fail to recognise the earnestness 
and assiduity which the Prince had brought 
to the discharge of his official duties, nor Could 
it be doubted that the people of Korea, appre- 
ciating how largely his sagacious labours had 
contributed to their welfare and happiness, 
would raise their voices in a universal ex- 
pression of profound gratitude. 

Piince Ito, who replied in Japanese, Major- 
General Murata acting as interpreter, 
regretted that as the Belgian Consul-General 
did not speak English he was unable to 
communicate direct with him, but happily 
men's hearts and objects might be one 
although the languages in which they 
expressed themselves were different. J [e 
himself had desired to have an opportunity of 



Viscount Sone, the same indulgence and 
sympathy that they had shown to himself. 

The Asahi Shimbun justly observes that 
although the j udicial changes now contemplat- 
ed in Korea are attracting so much atten- 
tion, they are not in reality as radical 
as the changes previously effected, which 
have been received by the Koreans 
not only without murmuring but even 
with very laudable expiessions of approval. 
There can be no doubt whatever that the 
administration of justice in Korea since the 
appointment of assistant Japanese judges 
and procurators has been incomparably more 
even handed and impartial than it used to 
be in the old days, and the Koreans fully 
recognize the fact. The judicial organiza- 
tion now consists of one court of Cassation 
in Seoul ; three Courts of Appeal in 
Seoul, Taiku and Pyongyang; nine local 
couits, and 40 district courts. In these 
the number of Japanese subjects actually 
employed at present are 115 judges, 43 
public procurators, 156 secretaries and 25 
interpreters, making a total of 339 in all. 
On the other hand the Korean judiciary 
consists of 75 judges and procurators and 
189 secretaries and interpreters, making 
264 in all. The laws administered by 
these tribunals are still very imperfect, 
but it is understood that the new cri- 
minal code, civil code and commercial 
code will be completed during the current 
year, and will be at once put into opera- 
tion. The blessings of such a reform can 
not fail to be recognised by the people of 
Korea- 

The Jiji Sliimpo says that pending the 
completion and promulgation of the new 
codes the arrangement with regard to the 
laws to be administered will be as follows : — 
When Korean subjects are plaintiffs and 
Japanese subjects defendants, Korean laws 
such as they are and Korean customs will 
be followed; secondly, when Japanese sub- 
jects are plaintiffs and Korean subjects 
defendants, or when Japanese alone are 
involved or when Japanese and foreigners 
are involved the laws of Japan will be 
applied. 

Monday, July 19 
With regard to the judicial changes con- 
templated in Korea the telegrams nay that as 
no Korean occupant of the Bench will be 
displaced, the reform is viewed with peifect 
calm by the native judiciaiy. The barristers, 
however, are by no means equally complacent. 
They apprehend that under the new system 
the field of their operations will be greatly 
restricted, and that there will be an invasion 
of Japanese barristers in view of the ad- 
ministration of modernised laws. They are 
therefoie doing their best to foster excite- 
ment, but it is not thought likely that their 
efforts will have much success. 

The Dai Han Mai 11 Shimpo of the 1S1I1 
inst. is said to have contained a legal article 
publicly thanking the Consuls of the foreign j declaring that the abolition of the Wai Of- 
Powers for tlie exceedingly friendly attitude j fice and the Iransfei •! 'icial authority to 
they had always maintained towards his I Japan is the beginning of 1 : end of Korean 
policy and himself, and he welcomed the independence a: 
occasion furnished by this banquet for ' Koreans to resist 
assuring them that he thoroughly appeciated paper has been Stiftf 
and was sine-rely grateful for the kindly «le- j c. habit, but rCVCftlu 
meanour they had invaii«bl\ shovnr. >t \ ifl to cont -ive that the 1 
inevitable 1 'i.it among the represents 1 v. • • \ startling to n:au> Koreans It is.) 
so many different rowers some dtveigence of j pity that voices of invective can n« 
views should occasionally be manifested, and j to dissipate themselves in the open an, I it 
he recognised that to their sympathetic I in this case when bloodshed and outrage 
treatment of himself and his policy he owed t would doubtless result from unrestiained 
the possibility of being able now to look back agitation the authorities have practically no 
to nearly lour years of uninterruptedly choice. 

pleasant intercourse. He earnestly begged Or. Ume, the celebrated jurist, who has 
that they would extend to his successor, had so much to do with the compilation of 



■ '1 patriotic 

casai ' The 
That w s in. 
L is *v>t difficult 
arrangements must 



July 24, 1909.J 



changed, its provisions can be carried into 
effect, the whole question being one of foreign ' 
policy. Still he does not anticipate that the' 
actual discharge of judicial functions by the 
Japanese will begin before next spring. Fur- j 
ther he seems to think that the abolition of 
Consular jurisdiction will follow speedily, see- 
ing that Japanese law will be administered by 
Japanese judges in all cases where foreigners 
are concerned. For the rest, the new Code 
of Civil Procedure is nearly completed and 
will be ready for promulgation next year, 
but the Criminal Code and the Code of Crimi- 
nal Procedure will require a longer lime. 
Whether a commercial code will be compiled 
remains uncertain. Dr. Ume appears to 
think that the Civil Code and the Code of 
Civil Procedure should suffice for all imme- 
diate purpose. He speaks of the necessity 
of enacting legal provisions with reference to 
the exercise of the Resident - General's 
powers. No steps have yet been taken with 
regard to the transfer of police authority, 
but definite arrangements must soon be 
made on that score. At present the Japan- 
ese Government is lending to Korea yearly 
without interest 1 y£ million yen out of the 
2 millions spent upon the police. There 
will be some increase of outlay in connexion 
with the exercise of the new judicial autho- 
rity, but that is a question apart. Dr. Ume 
is quoted (Asahi Shimbuil) as referring to 
France's doing in Tunis, where the judicial 
authority was carefully reserved to the 
Arabs. Japan has gone further in Korea, and 
moreover she has not had recourse to force. 



the Korean codes, is quoted as saying that, 
with regard to the civil code, investigations 
into the manners and customs of Korea 
have been going on since last year and will 
be completed by next spring, so that the 
final compilation of the code may be looked 
for by the close of 19 10. In compiling 
the family law and the law of succession 
minute reference to national customs and 
traditions is necessary, and that is true also 
with regard to certain portions of the crimi- 
nal code. Professor Ume gives it as his 
opinion that the punishment of the bamboo 
should be maintained for the present, but 
he does not intimate whether this opinion 
is likely to be carried into practice. 

The Kokumiri s telegrams say that up to 
the morning of the 1 8th inst. things were 
quiet and there was no sign of any un- 
toward consequences, but some discrepancies 
between the police and the gendarmes 
suggested grounds for uneasiness. General 
Baron Okubo is quoted as saying that some 
slight augmentation of the unrest in the 
provinces must be anticipated in the sequel 
of these new measures, but he does not ap- 
prehend that it will be anything serious. 

With regard to the Officers School in 
Seoul, the course preceding graduation is 
five years, and there are some 50 students 
who have not advanced beyond their first or 
second year. To abolish the School now at 
once would be unfair to these youths, and the 
present idea is that the Institution will be 
maintained until all have graduated. We 
do not profess to understand what will be 
the destination of these officers or what it was 
originally intended to do with the graduates of 
the above College. The Guards number only 
720, rank and file, and they are already 
provided with 46 officers, which is about 
double the number required for a battalion 
in a European arm)'. If, however, there be 
from 40 to 50 cadet officers of the first and 
second year in the College, we may infer 
that there are at least a hundred officers in 
all the courses, and what possible use these 
men could have been put to had the old 
system been preserved one is perplexed to 
conjecture. 

There is a strike on the part of the 
employees of the electric railway in Seoul. 
The motormen and conductors, learning 
that the Railway was about to be handed 
over to the Gas Company, concluded that 
their employment would cease, and that the 
only feasible course was a timely strike. 
Their uneasiness was accentuated by finding 
that Mr. Colbran contemplated leaving 
Seoul on the 19th inst. Accordingly, on the 
1 7th, they proceeded to his office en masse, 
and demanded not only that a solatium should 
be paid to them but also that their security 
money of 25 yen a man should be returned. 
These demands being refused, the whole 
of the hands went on strike from the morning 
of the 19th and the service was suspended 
The telegrams say that the police are guard- 
ing the offices of Messrs. Colbran and 
Bostwick against which some violent demon- 
stration is expected. As for the employees 
of the Electric Light Company, which also 
is to be transferred to the Gas Company, 
most of them being Japanese, they have not 
created any disturbance. 

Tuesday, July 20. 
It has been suggested that the consent of 
the Japanese Diet will have to be awaited 
before giving effect to the transfer of the 
judicial power in Korea, inasmuch as certain 
extra expenses must be defrayed by Japan. 
Dr. Ume, however, denies that any such 
delay will be necessary. He says that 

so soon as the new Convention is inter- 1 is misinformed on this subject. 



Wednesday, July 21. 
Seoul sends somewhat disquieting rumours 
about Chientao. One very vague telegram 
alleges that some 400 Chinese soldiers have 
entered a certain branch-store, and that 70 
Japanese gendarmes have been sent post haste 
to the scene. Another message alleges that 
the Chinese tradesmen of Hunchun have gone 
on strike, and that Chinese policemen have 
been stationed at all the Japanese shops to pre- 
vent communication with outsiders. This 
second message seems to point to a boycott of 
the Japanese by the Chinese residents, and 
indicates that the police are cooperating with 
the boycotters. The Maimchi Dempu has a 
telegram from Seoul which throws some light 
upon the second message. The particulars 
given are that a detachment of Japanese 
gendarmes having proceeded on the 4th 
inst. to arrest a Korean offender against 
the law, a number of Chinese soldiers 
took pait with the Korean, effected his 
rescue by force and severely handled one 
or more of the gendarmes. The Japanese 
then proceeded to the Chinese barracks 
to prefer a complaint, and this measure 
resulted in a melee, involving recourse to 
side-arms and resulting in several casualties 
on both sides. Ever since that time an 
unquiet state of affairs has existed, and it 
may be that the boycott referred to above is 
the latest development of the situation. 

The Kokutnin Shimbun has a sig- 
nificant paragragh about Chientao. It 
tells us that without attempting to draw 
any clear distinction between the military 
and the police, one can now confidently 
affirm that China has a force of fully 
3,000 men in Chientao, whereas the Japan- 
ese are represented by less than 100 
gendarmes. Collisions are frequent, and 
the new Resident-General has decided 
that the policy of conciliation hitherto pur- 
sued by Japan must be exchanged for a 
more resolute attitude, and consequently 
the Japanese force in the region must be 
augmented. We trust that our contemporary 

It has long 



been recognised that Cliientao is a weak 
spot in the two Empires' armour of peace, 
and that the chief danger consists in possible 
collisions between the Chinese and the Japa- 
nese forces stationed there. Hitherto both 
sides seem to have behaved in an exemplary 
manner, but anything like a marked increase 
of military force would constitute a disquiet- 
ing presage. In this context we may refer 
to a telegram published by the Asa/a from 
Seoul to the effect that 6,000 Chinese troops 
are rumoured to have entered Chientao. 
This is probably a great exaggeration. 
China's military organization does not enable 
her to despatch thousands of troops hither 
and thither at a moment's notice. 

We take the following from the Seoul 
Press : — 

It is a notorious fact that in former d.iys Korean 
officials used to embezzle part of the taxes paid in by 
the people. In April last a law was promulgated 
(or the adjustment of the loss caused to the Treasury 
in this way and also for the prevention of embe/./-le- 
ment in future. The Government has since been 
investigating (he matter and is said to have 
discovered that during the 12 years between 1 8y 5 
and ICJ07 as much as 3 million y/H have gone, astray, 
about 3,000 Korean officials being responsible for 
tliis. To their great consternation, the Government 
has now demanded of those officials against whom 
there is clear evidence the repayment of their 
misappropriations. Already over iro officials, 
including some of high rank, have been informed of 
the Government's determination and have promised 
to make good the shortage, which amounts to about 
300 000 yen altogether. Those unable to pay the 
whole amount at once will be allowed to do so by- 
yearly instalments extending over eight years. 

The mysterious strike of the motormen and 
conductors on the Seoul Electric Railway 
has not yet terminated. We call it mys- 
terious, because of the difficulty of discover- 
ing what the men really want. So far as 
we can gather, they ask for two things, 
namely, a solatium in connexion with the 
transfer of the Railway to Japanese hands 
and the return of their security money. Mr. 
Colbran gave back the security and terminat- 
ed the men's employment, but declined to 
grant them any solatium. That they should go 
on strike in these circumstances, when their 
conduct can hurt their new Japanese 
employers only, seems to be a very curious 
example of putting the saddle on the wrong 
horse. Mr. Colbran has taken his departure 
from Seoul, leaving the men to work out their 
own salvation, and doubtless a settlement 
will soon be effected. 

We read in the Kokutnin Shimbun that 
Dr. Kikuchi, Chief Medical Officer of the 
Seoul Hospital, has pronounced Viscount 
Sone to be suffering from inflammation of 
the kidneys, and to be quite seriously ill. 
There have been rumours of late with re- 
gard to the Viscount's health, but they did 
not suggest any cause for disquiet. 

The general expectation is that the new 
Convention with Korea may be promulgated 
at any moment now that Prince Ito has 
returned to Tokyo. The Kokumin Shimbun, 
generally excellently informed, explains 
that the Convention is of the briefest and 
simplest nature — as brief and so simple that 
its publication in a newspaper extra will nut 
be necessary. It says that the Korean 
Empire delegates to Japan all judicial 
and prison authority in the Peninsula, and 
that Japan will appoint properly qualified 
officials (Japanese or Korean subjects) to sit 
upon the Bench and manage the prisons. 
The document further says that, except in 
cases specially provided for by law or treaty, 
the judges shall administer Korean law 
and that the expenses of the new system 
shall be borne entirely by Japan. Finally 
it is provided that whereas the abolition 
of the War Department should have 
taken place long ago, it was deferred 



92 Bflj$ttS*ii^ttHmH?if6ffi1*ISpJ 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 



[July 24, 1909. 



owing to circumstances, and this reform 
shall now be carried out. With legard to 
the matter of expenses we read in the Asahi 
that the sum required will be about 300,000 
yen annually, and thus Japan's yearly con- 
tribution to the upkeep of Korea will become 
one and a half million yen yearly. 

Thursday, July 22. 

There are conflicting accounts this morn- 
as to Viscount Spue's health. Some corres- 
pondents repeat the rumour that Dr. Kilcuchi 
has diagnosed his trouble to be inflammation 
of t lie kindeys, but others affirm that the 
malady is anaemia. Of course this illness is 
particularly inopportune just at the moment 
when the Viscount lias assumed the office of 
Reident-General, but it does not appear that 
there is any cause for alarm. 

The Seoul correspondent of the Chuo 
Shimbun repeats the rumour current yester- 
day to the effect that the Chinese have 
increased their military force in Chicntao to 
5000 men, and that the new Resident- 
General has ordered a detachment of 80 
gendarmes to proceed to that place via 
Fusan and Chyonjin. 

Concerning Chicntao we read in the JJochi 
Shimbun, not with implicit credence, that the 
new Resident-General has radically changed 
his policy with regard to this problem. 
Hitherto Japan has been willing to recognise 
China's sovereignty provided that Cliina re- 
cognised the residential and extraterritorial 
rights of Korea subjects. Hut now Vis- 
count Sone has determined that Japan 
will insist upon the recognition of Korean 
.suzerainty throughout the region. What 
makes us treat this story with incredulity 
is that no such radical change of policy lies 
within the scope of the Resident-General's 
power. It would have to be dictated from 
Tokyo, and Tokyo is not at all likely to 
dictate anything of the kind. 



ental Development Company " and others 
as the "Oriental Exploitation Company." 
It will be observed that the cooperation of 
Chinese subjects has apparently disappeared 
from the programme. The projectors met 



THE CHlhA AND JAPAN DEVELOPMENT 
COMPANY. 

It is stated that on the 15th inst. Messrs. 
Kondo Rempei, Okura Kihachiro and 

Masuda Ko waited upon tlie Minister of on the 20lh inst. and agreed upon the statutes 
State for Foreign Affairs and explained that; of the Company. The object is stated to be 
they had (kerned it expedient to omit the j investigation of and contracting for woik 
wcrd Jcyoii (mutual benefit) from the title of 1 connected with railways, mines, electric 
their company, which will henceforth be I enterprise, engineering operations aild ship- 
simply Nisshin Kyogvo Kaislia. The capital I building in China. The capital is to be a 
will be one million^//, and the shares must I million yen in registered shares of 100 yen 
not be sold or bought without the consent of 
the Directors. 



COUNT AUCO-V ALLEY. 



The Japan Post announces the death of 
Count Arco-Valley, and our German con- 
temporary, the Japan HercUd, lias the follow- 
ing account of his career : — 

Count Arco-Valley, whose death is reporter! in our 
telegiams to-day, was bom on November 8th, 1852, 
of one of the oldest noble families of Bavaria. He 
practised law for some years at Munich; but w,<s 
obliged to give it up owing to his over-scrupulous 
character, which went so far as to lead him to pay 
the costs out of his own pocket when the decision 
went against his clients. He entered the diplomatic 
service at the age of about forty and filled several 
European embassies. In :8o8 lie was sent as Minis- 
ter to Rio de Janeiro, whete he stayed till, in 
1901, he was transferred to Tokyo, in which 
post he stayed without intermission till 1906. 
During his tenure of this post he became well- 
known both to his nationals and the Cierman- 
speaking Japanese for his hospitality. He was a 
generous donor to benevolent causes, and it w'as by 
his advice and with his assistance and to some 
extent with his financial aid the Deutsche Japan 
I'osl was established. 

Recalled from Japan in 1906, though his con- 
tinuance in the office was much desired by many, 
both Japanese and Germans, he became Ambassador 
at Athens. In 1908, when yreat diplomatic changes 
were made, he was sent a second time to Rio de 
Janeiro, where his death occurred at the early age 
of 56. 

Words are wholly inadequate to describe 
the qualities of this noble German, a man 
who did honour to his own great country, 
and to all that knew him set an example of 
the highest altruism. He understood how 
to promote Germany's interests in such a 
manner as to win for her love simultaneously 
with respect, and the diplomatic annals of 
Tokyo have no brighter page than that on 
whi ch his figure is projected. 



This Company, of which the principal pro- 
jectors are Messrs. Kondo Rempei, Okura 
Kihacliiro, and Masuda Ko, has now become 
an accomplished fact. The former Japanese 
Consul-Geneial in Shanghai, Mr. Odagiri, 
who is now an official of the Specie Bank, 
is closely connected with the Company, and 
is ^aid to have been waiting its instruc- 
tions in Shanghai for some time. He will 
now start immediately for Peking to open 
negotiations with Chang Chilli ung and with 
Lord Ffreneh, representing Messrs. Pauling 
and Company. The idea is that the Japan- 
ese Company and the British Firm should 
act in conceit as contractors for railway work 
in China. There can be little doubt, we 
think, that such an arrangement would be 
mutually beneficial, and from a political 
point of view it is most desirable, for it would 
largely tend to dispel the idea that Japan is 
working in opposition to British interests in 
the Middle Kingdom. 

A meeting of the projectors of this 
Japanese Company was held at the Mitsui 
Club on the 13th inst , and judging from the 
names of the members of committee — who 
are said to have been nominated by Marquis 
Katsura — >the very best business men 
Japan possesses are included. The names 
given are Baron Shibusawa and Messrs. 
Masuda, Kondo, Okura, Hamaguchi (Toyo- 
kuni Bank) Toyokawa (Mitsubishi Bank), 
Hayakawa (Mitsui Bank), Suzuki, Matsukata 
Hara Tomitaro and Otani Kahei. By this 
Committee the articles of the Company were 
duly drawn up for submission to another 
meeting held at the Bankers Club on the 
1 6th inst. A final meeting of the 36 men 
representing the enterprise is convened for 
the 20th inst. 



each ; the period of the Company's duration 
is indefinite ; twenty-five yen per share will 
be paid up at once ; the establishment ex- 
penses are not to exceed 1 000 yen, and the 
ordinary general meetings are to take 
place once a year. There are the usual 
provisions with regard to reserves, rewards to 
officials and so foith. Eight thousand shares 
have been already subscribed for, the Mitsui 
taking 1 ,000 and Mr. Okura 500. The 
Mitsu Bishi Company takes no part in the 
enterprise. 

Mr. Toyokawa, Manager of the Milsu 
Bishi Bank, takes some trouble to explain 
through the columns of the Tokyo press 
that the Mitsu Bishi Company's opposition 
to the To-a Kogyo Kaisha is not to be in- 
ferred from the former's refusal to paiticipate 
in the latter's enterprise. The reasons for 
nou-pai ticipalion are simply Baron II. Iwa- 
saki's illness, and Mr. Toyokawa's ignorance 
of Chinese affairs, as well as his want of lei- 
sure to engage in any additional business. 



It appears that a slight set-back lias 
been given to the China-Japan Development 
Company by a refusal on the part of 
the Mitsu Bishi Company to join the enter- 
prise. Several Tokyo journals slate the 
fact, and display a disposition to discover 
special motives, but the truth seems to be 
simply that it is not the habit of the Mitsu 
Bishi to associate itself with joint stock 
enterprises, and that its relations with China 
are not of a very important character. This 
appears to us to be quite a sufficient ex- 
planation of the fact that Mr. Toyokawa 
of the Mitsu Bishi Bank declined to serve on 
the committee of the new Company, al- 
though he was one of Marquis Katsura's 
nominees. Mr. Kondo Renipei's associa- 
tion with the Company, in spite of his very 
close connexion with the Mitsu Bishi, may 
be attributed to his perception that the 
success of the enterprise would increase the 
transport operations of the Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha. 



WE G REhK CHURCH. 



There is quite a schism in the ranks of the 
GreekChurch over which Archbishop Nicolai 
haspresided for so many years with such signal 
success. Stated briefly, the difficulty that has 
arisen is the same as that which agitated 
various sections of the Protestant church in 
the recent past. The ministers ol the Greek 
church and many of the converts insist 
that the time has fully come when the 
Japanese church should be self-suppoiting 
and autonomous, with which object they 
propose a radical change of organization. 
A conference was held on the 1 6th inst. to 
consider the situation, and Archbishop Nicolai 
is said to have signified his willingness to 
agree to a change of organization but not 
to any shifting of the centre of power. In 
the eyes of the malcontents this appeared 
like giving the shadow and withholding 
the substance. They therefore announced 
their intention of proceeding with the pro- 
posed reforms in defiance of hierarchical 
dissent. The Shogyo Shiinpc, from which 
we take these details, considers that the 
break-up of the Greek Church in Japan is 
imminent, a result which all friends of this 
country would sincerely regret. 

The basis of the difficulty appears to be a 
question of money. Archbishop Nicolai has 
worked now for 4S years in Japan, and in 
1871 he returned for a brief period to St. 
Petersburg, on which occasion he succeeded 
in obtaining from the I Iolv Synod a grant of 
00,000 yen annually for the support of the 
Greek Church in Japan. As to the hand- 
ling and employment of this money he 
declares himself unable to submit to any 
control or to delegate to others any part of the 
'powers entrusted to him by the Holy Synod, 
the name that I So far as concerns contributions made by 
the Company the Japanese themselves, however, he is wil- 

to all suggestions, but any 



The above title represents 
has now been adopted for 

just formed by 34 of the leading businessmen [ling to listen 
ofTokyo. What the exact English equivalent interference with the manner of handling the 
of the term is intended to be we do not know, above sum of 90,000 yen would immediately 
for some Tokyo papers give it as the " Ori- involve its withdrawal by the Synod. 



July 24, 1909.I 



THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. flttirX¥HAttH*2HlBMtt2SnT 93 



CHINA AND JAPAN. 



Monday, July 19. 

Tokyo journals devote a great deal of 
space this morning to the relations between 
China and Japan. Even the habitually 
moderate and exceptionally well informed 
Kokumin Shimbun writes in a strain which 
may almost be called alarmist. It says that 
when the Chinese Government withdrew its 
proposal for reference to the Hague Tribunal, 
the world believed that the Peking states- 
men had decided to adopt a conciliatory 
policy towards the ueLghboiiiing Empiie. 
That expectation has been completely 
falsified. China's action in withdrawing her 
arbitration proposal was really the signal 
for an aggressive diplomatic policy. She pro- 
ceeded to formulate terms which were wholly 
unacceptable, and to Japan's requests that 
the situation should be reconsidered, Pek- 
ing opposes an attitude of silence. It is 
perhaps significant, the Kokumin admits, 
that China's obstructive mood should syn- 
cronise with the competitive struggle on the 
part of European Powers to invest money in 
the Middle Kingdom's railways. Hut the 
Japanese Government will not be influenced 
by such coincidences. It will go quietly 
on its way, exercising all possible patience, 
but not carrying its endurance to the 
point of sentimentality. Unless China's 
mood change before the conclusion of the 
current month, Japan will have to assume a 
different attitude. This is what the Kokumin 
says, and we regard it as most significant. 
The two burning questions are the Kilin- 
Changchun and the Mukden-Antung Rail- 
ways. China's obstruction has almost 
necessitated the abandonment of all work 
on those lines during the current year. She 
must be perfectly well aware of the